**27**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Perron-Frobenius “inverse eigenvalue problem”

The Perron-Frobenius theorem says that the largest eigenvalue of a positive real matrix (all entries positive) is real. Moreover, that eigenvalue has a positive eigenvector, and it is the only ...

**22**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Trapped rays bouncing between two convex bodies

At some point during my research I was confronted with this problem, but I did not dedicate serious time to it. Anyway it stayed in the back of my mind and I'm still interested in hints for it. ...

**20**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Can $L^{2}$ be represented as a space of functions (not equivalence classes)?

Let $X$ be the vector space of all Lebesgue-measurable functions $f:\left[a,b\right]\rightarrowā„¯$ such that $\int^{b}_{a}\left|f\left(x\right)\right|^{2}dx<\infty$ (Lebesgue integral). Then we can ...

**19**

votes

**9**answers

2k views

### real symmetric matrix has real eigenvalues - elementary proof

Every real symmetric matrix has at least one real eigenvalue. Does anyone know how to prove this elementary, that is without the notion of complex numbers?

**16**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Good references for Rigged Hilbert spaces?

Every now and then I attempt to understand better quantum mechanics and quantum field theory, but for a variety of possible reasons, I find it very difficult to read any kind of physicist account, ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### In a Banach algebra, do ab and ba have almost the same exponential spectrum?

Let $A$ be a complex Banach algebra with identity 1. Define the exponential spectrum $e(x)$ of an element $x\in A$ by $$e(x)= \{\lambda\in\mathbb{C}: x-\lambda1 \notin G_1(A)\},$$ where $G_1(A)$ is ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

302 views

### Has Witten's perturbation on de Rham complex been studied on other elliptic complexes?

In his famous work, Supersymmetry and Morse theory, Witten perturbs de Rham complex by perturbing the exterior derivative
$$d_h=e^{-ht}de^{ht}.$$
And he proves Morse inequality using some spectral ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

569 views

### Eigenvalues of an “oblique diagonal” matrix

I am looking for guidance about the behavior of powers of a particular matrix (call it $A_n$ for $n\ge2$), which has come up in a counting problem about quantum knot mosaics (a good reference for ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

426 views

### Is there a spectral theory approach to non-explicit Plancherel-type theorems?

Teaching graduate analysis has inspired me to think about the completeness theorem for Fourier series and the more difficult Plancherel theorem for the Fourier transform on $\mathbb{R}$. There are ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Fast Fourier Transform for Graph Laplacian?

In the case of a regularly-sampled scalar-valued signal $f$ on the real line, we can construct a discrete linear operator $A$ such that $A(f)$ approximates $\partial^2 f / \partial x^2$. One way to ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

834 views

### Minimum off-diagonal elements of a matrix with fixed eigenvalues

Hello,
I am en engineer working in radar research. I came accross a problem I cannot seem to find math literature on it.
I can ask it in two different ways. Perhaps depending on the reader, the ...

**12**

votes

**6**answers

520 views

### Invertibility of a certain matrix indexed by the Hamming cube

For reasons which the margin of this page is too small to hold, I have been reading parts of a recent paper by O. Selim
On submeasures on Boolean algebras, arXiv 1212.6822v3
and in Section 7 the ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

912 views

### An experiment on random matrices

A bit unsure if my use/mention of proprietary software might be inappropriate or even frowned upon here. If this is the case, or if this kind of experimental question is not welcome, please let me ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### High multiplicity eigenvalue implies symmetry?

It is well known that on any compact Riemannian symmetric space $X$, the eigenvalues of the Laplacian have very high multiplicity (comparable with the Weyl bound), and the resulting actions ...

**11**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Nice applications of the spectral theorem?

Most books and courses on linear algebra or functional analysis present at least one version of the spectral theorem (either in finite or infinite dimension) and emphasize its importance to many ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

937 views

### Combinatorial proof of (a special case of) the spectral theorem?

The spectral theorem for a real $n \times n$ symmetric matrix $A$ says that $A$ is diagonalizable with all eigenvalues real. If $A$ happens to have non-negative integer entries, it can be interpreted ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

866 views

### Relationship between Green's function and geodesic distance?

I am interested in showing that a certain Green's function can be used to approximate the distance function on a Riemannian manifold in the following sense. Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and ...

**10**

votes

**5**answers

794 views

### Can always a family of symmetric real matrices depending smoothly on a real parameter be diagonalized by smooth similarity transformations?

This question is related to another question, but it is definitely not the same.
Is it always possible to diagonalize (at least locally around each point) a family of symmetric real matrices $A(t)$ ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

573 views

### Are operators with trivial spectrum nilpotent in a sense?

Being far from analysis, I recently learned about the Invariant subspace problem and came up with the following (perhaps simple or well-known) question.
Let $H$ be a separable complex Hilbert space ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

331 views

### relationship between eigenvalues of (A-B) and eigenvalues of (A^2-B^2)

Let us suppose that $A_{n}$ and $B_n$ are sequences of positive definite matrices satisfying
$c\leq \lambda_{\min}(A_n)\leq \lambda_{\max}(A_n)\leq C$
and
$c\leq \lambda_{\min}(B_n)\leq ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Number Theory and Geometry/Several Complex Variables

This is a question for all you number theorists out there...based on my skimming of number theory textbooks and survey articles, it seems like most of the applications of geometry and complex ...

**9**

votes

**8**answers

4k views

### Can a self-adjoint operator have a continuous set of eigenvalues?

This should be a trivial question for mathematicians but not for typical physicists.
I know that the spectrum of a linear operator on a Banach space splits into the so-called "point," "continuous" ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### The first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space

What is the exact value of the first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space viewed as $SU(n+1)/S(U(1)\times U(n))$?

**9**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### Spectrum of Laplacian in non-compact manifolds

What can be said about the spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on a non-compact, complete Riemannian manifold of finite volume? For example, is the point spectrum non-empty?
What would be a ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Avoiding integers in the spectrum of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface

Let $\Sigma^2$ be an orientable compact surface of genus $gen(\Sigma)\geq2$, and denote by $\mathcal M(\Sigma)$ the moduli space of hyperbolic metrics on $\Sigma$, i.e., Riemannian metrics of constant ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

466 views

### A variation on “Hearing the shape of a drum” for polytopes.

Let $\varphi:\mathcal S^{d-1}\longrightarrow \mathbb R_{>0}$ be a strictly positive function describing the boundary $\varphi(\mathbf x)\mathbf x,\mathbf x\in\mathbb S^{d-1}$ of a $d-$dimensional ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

865 views

### What is a good reference that compact resolvent implies Fredholm operator?

Suppose $A \in \mathcal{L}(E_1, E_0)$ is a bounded linear operator between Banach spaces $E_1$ and $E_0$, and we also have that $E_1$ is densely, continuously embedded in $E_0$ (i.e. $A$ can be ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

528 views

### Does a quantitative version of Fredholm theory exist?

Let $X$ be a Banach space and $K:X\to X$ be a compact operator. If $I+K$ is injective then it is onto and hence the inverse $(I+K)^{-1}$ is bounded. What kind of qualitative or quantitative ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

518 views

### $Spin^c$-Dirac-operator on the 3-torus

Consider the spinc structure on the flat standard 3-torus, which you get from the trivial (or any other) spin structure. Its associated vector bundle can be identified with a trivial bundle with fibre ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

434 views

### Bounding sum of first singular values squared for Kronecker sum of traceless matrices

Let $A$ and $B$ be $4\times4$ traceless matrices with Hilbert-Schmidt norms summing up to $1/4$, i.e.
$$\text{Tr}\left[ A\right]=\text{Tr}\left[ B\right] = 0,\qquad\text{Tr}\left[ A^\dagger A + ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

456 views

### Efficiently computing a few localized eigenvectors

Let $H = \triangle + V(x) : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$. I am interested in domain decomposition for an eigenproblem involving $H$.
The lowest 1000 eigenfunctions of $H$, $ \psi_i $, can ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

408 views

### What are first eigenfunctions of Laplacian for $CP^n$ with Fubini-Study metric?

I know the round $n$-sphere has $f_i=\cos(dist(e_i, x))$ as the set of first eigenfunctions for $e_i=(0, \cdots, 1, \cdots, 0)\in \mathbb R^{n+1}$. i.e. $\Delta f_i=\lambda_1 f$, where $\lambda_1$ is ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

515 views

### Functions of Pseudodifferential Operators

Suppose I have a self-adjoint pseudo-differential operator $A$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and a continuous function $f$ (possibly bounded, or Schwartz, or compactly supported) on its spectrum. Then I can ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

219 views

### Eigenfunctions restricted on closed geodesics

Consider the flat torus $T^2=\frac{\mathbb{R}^2}{l_1\mathbb{Z}\oplus l_2\mathbb{Z}}$. It is easy to see that the eigenvalues of the Laplacian on torus, $-\frac{\partial^2}{\partial ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

369 views

### Symmetric spaces, Horocycle spaces and intertwining operators

Let $G=KAN$ be an Iwasawa decomposition of a connected semisimple Lie group with finite center. Let us assume for simplicity that the associated symmetric space $G/K$ has rank 1.
Harish-Chandras ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

191 views

### Spectrum of Dirichlet Laplacian on a Parallelogram

Let $ M \subset \mathbb{R}^2 $ be parallelogram constructed by putting together two equilateral triangles (so that all sides of the parallelogram have length 1, and the internal angles are 60 and ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

349 views

### Is the Cheeger constant of an induced subgraph of a cube at most 1?

It is known that the
Cheeger constant
of a
hypercube graph $Q_n$
is exactly $1$, regardless of its dimension $n$. Is $1$ also an upper bound
on the Cheeger constant of nontrivial induced connected ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

368 views

### Does there exist a potential which realizes this strange quantum mechanical system?

I have done some courses on quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics in the past. Since I also do math, I wonder about converge issues which are usually not such a problem in physics. One of those ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### Singular values of $X+iY$ where $X$ and $Y$ are Hermitian

Lets have two Hermitian $n\times n$ matrices $X$ and $Y$.
Are there any known properties of the singular values of
$$Z = X + i Y.$$
I am the most interested in bounding from above a few first ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

482 views

### The smallest Laplace-Beltrami eigenvalue on hyperbolic surfaces

For $g\geq 2$, let $M_g$ be the moduli space of genus $g$ hyperbolic surfaces, and let $\lambda_1(S_x): M_g \to \mathbb{R}$ be the smallest eigenvalue of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on the surface ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

689 views

### Perturbations of an operator that disconnect the spectrum

The following question came to me while working on a technical matter about transversality in infinite dimension, and I'm really curious to know whether it has an affirmative answer at least under ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

748 views

### First eigenvalue of the Laplacian on Berger spheres

Consider the Hopf fibrations $S^1\to S^{2n+1}\to CP^n$ and $S^3\to S^{4n+3}\to HP^n$. These are Riemannian submersions with totally geodesic fibers. Consider now their canonical variations (the ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### Phillips-Sarnak conjecture in higher dimension

The Phillips-Sarnak conjecture states that for a generic Fuchsian lattice the space of Maass cusp forms is finite-dimensional. Generic here means in particular non-uniform, non-arithmetic, no special ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Spectral theory for Dirac Laplacian on a funnel

I would like to study the spectral theory of the Dirac Laplacian on a non-compact quotient of the hyperbolic plane by a discrete group (I am particularly interested in the simple case where the ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

482 views

### Resolvent of Laplacian

Hello!
Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and $-\Delta$ the Laplacian on M (acting on smooth functions). Then the resolvent $R(\xi)$ of $-\Delta$ is a compact operator.
Is it possible to find for ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Eigenvalues of infinite matrices [closed]

I am trying to find some literature on infinite matrices because I want to know how to get the eigenvalues of infinite matrices. Seriously, it seems there are very few references available. Can ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

911 views

### What is the relationship amongst all the different kinds of spectra?

The word "spectrum" gets tossed around a lot in mathematics, and there seem to be a number of different concepts to which it applies. There is of course a physical connotation to the word which is ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Conditions for smooth dependence of the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a matrix on a set of parameters

Let $A\in\mathcal M_n$ be an $n\times n$ real [symmetric] matrix which depends smoothly on a [finite] set of parameters, $A=A(\xi_1,\ldots,\xi_k)$. We can view it as a smooth function $A:\mathbb ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

543 views

### 0 eigenvalue for a symmetric tridiagonal matrix

Let $T\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be a symmetric tridiagonal matrix having the off--diagonal entries equal to -1. The diagonal entries are all positive, $a_i>0$, $i=\overline{1,n}$, and there ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### numerically track spectrum curves of a parameter dependent linear operator

Hi, I am interested in how to numerically track spectrum curves of a parameter dependent linear operator.
Given a linear operator in square matrix form $M(t)$, where the matrix is smooth dependent of ...