Schrodinger operators, operators on manifolds, general differential operators, numerical studies, integral operators, discrete models, resonances, non-self-adjoint operators, random operators/matrices

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111 views

On isolated points of the approximate point spectrum of a bounded operator

Let $X$ be a complex Banach space and $T$ be a bounded operator acting on $X$. Let $\sigma(T)$ and $\sigma_{ap}(T)$ denote the spectrum and approximate point spectrum of $T$, respectively. Let ...
0
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0answers
64 views

Spectral theory of $\frac{\partial ^2}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial ^2}{\partial y^2}$ and $4 \frac{\partial ^2}{\partial z\partial \bar{z}}$ [on hold]

Since $\mathbb R^2 \simeq \mathbb C$ and $\frac{\partial ^2}{\partial x^2} + \frac{\partial ^2}{\partial y^2} =4 \frac{\partial ^2}{\partial z\partial \bar{z}}$, I like to know is that the spectral ...
1
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1answer
58 views

Spectral radius's relation with row sum

Let $A$ be a non-negative $N \times N$ square matrix with $a_{i,i}=0, 1 \leq i \leq N$. Also, let $r_i$ be the $i$-th row sum of $A$. I know that $\rho(A)$, the spectral radius of $A$, is bounded as ...
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1answer
54 views

Does $\|(I-A)^{-1}\|_{2} \leq 1/(1-\|A\|_{2})$ holds for matrices with spectral radius smaller then 1?

Given a symmetric positive semidefinite matrix matrix $A$, if its spectral radius $0<\rho(A)<1$, does the inequality $\|(I-A)^{-1}\|_{2} \leq 1/(1-\|A\|_{2})$ hold true? $\|A\|_{2}$ denotes ...
1
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1answer
75 views

Largest element in inverse of a positive definite symmetric matrix [closed]

If I have an $n \times n$ positive definite symmetric matrix $A$, with eigenvalues $\lambda_{1}>\lambda_{2}\cdots>\lambda_{n}$, can I claim that the highest value which matrix $A^{-1}$ can have ...
0
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0answers
55 views

What equals $\ker[(A-\lambda I)^+]$ for a negative unbounded operator $A$?

We have the following result: $\{ E_{\lambda}; \, -\infty <\lambda < + \infty\}$ is a spectral family, where $E_{\lambda}$ is the projection of $H$ onto the null space $\mathscr N ...
2
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1answer
253 views

Is there any way to compare between diagonals of a resolvent and a Cauchy transform?

Say $A$ is a symmetric matrix of $n$ dimensions. Then let the ``resolvent" of $A$ be the matrix valued function $R_A(z) = \frac{1}{z-A}$ and its Cauchy transform be the real valued function $C_A(z) = ...
2
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0answers
46 views

When does the ground state energy continuously depend on a parameter?

Given a family of Schrödinger operators $H_\gamma=-\Delta+V_\gamma$, under which condition is the map $\gamma\mapsto\inf\sigma(H_\gamma)$ continuous? This is surely the case for many textbook ...
4
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1answer
150 views

Recovering Spherical Harmonics from Discrete Samples

Consider a collection of $N$ points on the 2-sphere chosen uniformly at random. Let's say that there's an edge between two such vertices if their geodesic distance is less than $r_N$. The resulting ...
5
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1answer
797 views

Why is the cuspidal spectrum discrete?

I have a short question concerning the spectral theory of automorphic forms. What is the main property of the unipotent group $N$, which consist of matrices in the form \begin{pmatrix} 1 & t \\ 0 ...
2
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0answers
34 views

Nonnegative Inverse Eigenvalue Problem (NIEP),

Does the NIEP, currently open for $n\ge 5$, have any good, practical applications? For the easy case, $n=2$, I am able to prove some of the results that agree with the current literature. In some of ...
1
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1answer
126 views

Can we claim that all the terms in a matrix are less than equal to 1 if spectral radius is less than 1?

I have a a full column rank matrix A, and using this I want to construct a matrix with spectral radius less than 1. I do that using, H = $I-\alpha A^{T} A$ ($I$ is identity matrix), where the term ...
1
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0answers
51 views

inverse of asymptotic Toeplitz matrix with band limited associated function

I am reviewing a controversial paper, and the main result, a revolution within my field, comes down to whether or not the following is true. I strongly believe it is not, but would need confirmation. ...
3
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1answer
92 views

Restrictions on spectral measure

Given any Borel measure $\mu$ on $\mathbb{R}$, define a map that sends any $f\in C_c(\mathbb{R})$ to $$T_\mu(f)(y)=\int \langle\exp(-i x \lambda),f(x)\rangle\exp(iy\lambda)d\mu(\lambda).$$ Here ...
2
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0answers
235 views

A problem on Hecke operators

I have a problem that is related to page 11 in http://www.cims.nyu.edu/~venkatesh/research/ml.pdf Fix $m\in\Bbb N$. Pick $(a,b)\in\Bbb Z_p^2$ randomly such that $m<a,b<2m$ with $a,b$ ...
52
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2answers
810 views

Can you hear the shape of a drum by choosing where to drum it?

I find the problem of hearing the shape of a drum fascinating. Specifically, given two connected subsets of $\mathbb R^2$ with piecewise-smooth boundaries (or a suitable generalization to a riemannian ...
0
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1answer
90 views

Spectrum of compact operator between different Banach spaces

Let $X, Y$ be two different Banach spaces, and let $T: X \to Y$ be a compact linear operator. Suppose the identity $I : X \to Y$ is well-defined. (For example, we could have $X = L^2([0,1])$ and $Y = ...
6
votes
3answers
220 views

Non-self adjoint Sturm-Liouville problem

I'm new to this site, but I felt the need to post when I recently came in to an ordinary differential equation/boundary value problem with this form: $(1)- \frac{d^2 y}{d x^2} + \frac{m(m+1)} ...
1
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0answers
59 views

inverse problem to resolution of the identity

Suppose $f_\lambda(x),\lambda \in \mathbb{R}$ is a continuous/smooth family of bounded function on $\mathbb{R}$. Given a measurable set $\mathfrak{m}$ on $\mathbb{R}$, define ...
20
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2answers
1k views

In a Banach algebra, do ab and ba have almost the same exponential spectrum?

Let $A$ be a complex Banach algebra with identity 1. Define the exponential spectrum $e(x)$ of an element $x\in A$ by $$e(x)= \{\lambda\in\mathbb{C}: x-\lambda1 \notin G_1(A)\},$$ where $G_1(A)$ is ...
0
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1answer
126 views

Continuity of the largest eigenvalue with respect to length

Let $k:\mathbb{R}^+\to\mathbb R^+$ be a continuous function. For $a>0$, define $T_a$ acting on $L^2[0,a]$, by $$T_af(x) = \int_0^a k(|x-y|)f(y)\,dy.$$ Clearly for each $a>0$, the operator ...
1
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1answer
120 views

Zero set of eigenfunction along a sub manifold

Let $M$ be a 2-dimensional closed Riemannian manifold and let $$\phi:M\rightarrow M$$ be an isometry with $\phi^2=Id_M$. Consider the fixed point set $$F:=\lbrace x\in M: \phi(x)=x \rbrace\subset M,$$ ...
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0answers
102 views

Classes for which the Spectrum determines a Convex Shape

Given a planar domain $\Omega \subset \Bbb{R}^2$ bounded and open we can associate to it the spectrum of the Laplace operator with Dirichlet boundary condition. It is known that there are planar ...
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2answers
204 views

Spectral properties of the Laplace operator and topological properties

Suppose that $M$ is a closed Riemannian manifold: one can construct the so called Laplace-Beltrami operator on $M$. Its spectrum contains some information of the underlying manifold: for example its ...
4
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1answer
175 views

Progress on isospectral plane domains

Has there been any progress on the smooth isospectral plane domains for Laplacian problem with Dirichlet data? In particular, are there known examples of domains which are isospectral to the unit ...
2
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1answer
120 views

Can we count isospectral graphs?

On n-vertices, how many isospectral graphs exist? [..I saw this previous "historic" discussion between two of the stalwarts in this field - Operation on Isospectral graphs ] Given a graph are ...
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0answers
89 views

Eigenvalues of the D'Alembertian operator

My question about the spectral theory of the D'Alembertian operator on a Lorentzian manifolds (say the spacetime $M^{3+1}$) given by $$\square = -\partial_{t}^2 + \Delta$$ for the metric $g=(-+++)$. ...
4
votes
1answer
96 views

For self-adjoint $T$ on $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$, when does $(1 + |x|)^{-1} (T - i \varepsilon)^{-1}(1 + |x|)^{-1}$ have a limit as $\varepsilon \to 0$?

Let $T : L^2(\mathbb{R}^n) \to L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be a possibly unbounded self adjoint operator. Let $R_\varepsilon$ denote the resolvent $(T - i \varepsilon)^{-1}$, $\varepsilon > 0$. Suppose ...
2
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1answer
65 views

Integrating the resolvent of a self-adjoint operator across a continuous part of the spectrum

Let $A$ be a closed self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space $H$, possibly unbounded and hence defined on a dense domain $D(A) \subset H$. It is well known that integrating the resolvent $R_z = (z I - ...
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1answer
108 views

Uniform continuity of spectrum as function of operator [closed]

It is well known that the spectrum is continuous as function of operator. More precisely, let $\mathcal{H}$ be separable Hilbert space and $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ the Banach algebra of linear ...
4
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0answers
53 views

Lower bound on the sum of singular values for a sum of Hermitian matrices

Denote the eigenvalues of an $n\times n$ matrix $\mathbf{X}$ by $\lambda_i(\mathbf{X})$ and its singular values by $\sigma_i(\mathbf{X})$, $i=1,\ldots,n$. When $\mathbf{X}$ is Hermitian, we know that ...
7
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1answer
140 views

Spectral mapping theorem for polynomials in $z,\overline{z}$ and direct construction of the function calculus for a normal operator

Suppose that $A$ is an element in Banach algebra and $p$ is a polynomial. Then we have an equality $p(\sigma(A))=\sigma(p(A))$ where $p(A)$ has an elementary meaning. This theorem (the spectral ...
8
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1answer
124 views

The scope of correspondence principle in quantum chaos

My understanding of the so-called correspondence principle in quantum chaos, is that it is a connection between the behaviour of a classical Hamiltonian system (chaotic/completely integrable) and the ...
4
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2answers
156 views

Non-asympototic version of Gelfand's formula

Let $A$ be a $n\times n$ matrix. Let $\|A\|$ be the spectral norm of $A$, and $\rho(A)$ be the spectral radius. I am wondering whether the following statement is true. There exists universal ...
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0answers
60 views

Partial trace with spectral measure

I'm a physicist who needs mathematical advice: Let $A= \sum_{i=1}^{\infty} a_i P_{\phi_i}$ be a self-adjoint operator with projectors $P_{\phi_i}$ on the orthonormal eigenbasis $(\phi_i).$ Let $$B= ...
11
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1answer
674 views

Reasons for difficulty of Graph Isomorphism and why Johnson graphs are important?

In http://jeremykun.com/2015/11/12/a-quasipolynomial-time-algorithm-for-graph-isomorphism-the-details/ it is mentioned: 'In discussing Johnson graphs, Babai said they were a source of “unspeakable ...
3
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0answers
243 views

Isolated Eigenvalue of $T$ is also an isolated eigenvalue of $\overline{T}$?

I am working with transfer operators and I reach a point where would be nice if I could use a result from Tosio Kato's book about perturbation theory of linear operators. I think I am able to use ...
11
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6answers
2k views

Spectral theorem for self-adjoint differential operator on Hilbert space

I need a reference concerning a theorem that shows the following result, stated very roughly: Given a self-adjoint differential operator densely defined on a Hilbert space, then the given Hilbert ...
4
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3answers
174 views

Show that the Laplacian operator on the Heisenberg group is negative

The Heisenberg group $H^3$ is the set $\mathbb C\times \mathbb R$ endowed with the group law $$ (z,t)\cdot(w,s) =\left (z+w, \,t+s+\tfrac{1}{2}\Im m(z \bar{w})\right). $$ For $z=x+ i y \in \mathbb C$ ...
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1answer
47 views

Eigenfunction of an uniformly elliptic second order operator

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded smooth domain in $\mathbb{R}^d$ and let $L$ be a uniformly elliptic second order partial differential operator: ...
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0answers
79 views

Spectrum of the Grassmannian Laplacian

The spectrum of the Laplacian (with respect to the Fubini--Study metric) was addressed in this old question. Does anyone know if these results have been extended to the Grassmannians?
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1answer
85 views

Commutator representation of certain smoothing operators

I have a question regarding the classical trace $\text{Tr} \colon \Psi^{-\infty}(S^1)\to \mathbb C$ on pseudodifferential operators of infinite negative order (i.e. smoothing operators), defined over ...
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0answers
38 views

Fundamental gap for Neumann BVP with potential

I am sure this is extremely well known but I have been digging a bit and I can't find what I need. Consider $B$ to be the unit ball in $ \mathbb R^N$ and consider the eigenvalue problem ...
3
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0answers
89 views

Spectral theory of differential forms over a circle bundle

Here is the set up : I consider the unitary tangent bundle of a surface $(S,g)$ endowed with the Sasakian metric ; $(T^1S, g_s)$, in fact we have the following fibration : \begin{equation*} ...
3
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1answer
101 views

Horn's spectrum problem with random Hermitian matrices

An important problem in matrix analysis, completely solved in the early 2000's by A. Knutson & T. Tao (The honeycomb model of GLn(C) tensor products. I. Proof of the saturation conjecture. J. ...
6
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0answers
143 views

Two proofs of the Cheeger-Müller theorem

In the late 1970's, Cheeger and Müller independently proved the equality of analytic torsion and Reidemeister torsion for orthogonal representations, which had been conjectured by Ray-Singer. Their ...
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10answers
8k views

real symmetric matrix has real eigenvalues - elementary proof

Every real symmetric matrix has at least one real eigenvalue. Does anyone know how to prove this elementary, that is without the notion of complex numbers?
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0answers
69 views

Spectral theory of Bochner integral operators

Consider the following (somewhat simplified) situation. Let $\mathcal{H}$ be separable Hilbert space and $\mathcal{B}(\mathcal{H})$ the Banach algebra of bounded linear operators acting on ...
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1answer
351 views

Multiplicity of Laplace eigenvalues

Disclaimer: This is a very heuristic question and I will be satisfied with heuristic insights, if rigorous and precise answers are not possible. All the examples of closed surfaces (or higher ...
3
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0answers
47 views

Length and laplacian spectrum for quasi-fuchsian manifold

It is well known that, in the case of finite area hyperbolic surfaces, the length sprectrum (the collection of length of all closed geodesics) and the spectrum of the laplacian (acting on functions) ...