Schrodinger operators, operators on manifolds, general differential operators, numerical studies, integral operators, discrete models, resonances, non-self-adjoint operators, random operators/matrices

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5
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3k views

Interesting relationships between Cholesky decomposition and diagonalization

Let $\Sigma$ be a hermitian positive definite matrix and $L$ be it's Cholesky decomposition so that $LL^\ast=\Sigma$. Furthermore, let's diagonalize $\Sigma$ as $\Sigma = P\Lambda P^\ast$. $\Lambda$ ...
1
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0answers
229 views

Matrix conditions under which spectral radius is smaller than 1?

Hello everyone, I would like to find out which conditions are necessary so that the spectral radius $\rho(M)<1$ where $M$ represents the following matrix: $M = \left( \begin{array}{ccc} W & 0 ...
4
votes
3answers
220 views

Conditions ensuring an order betweenthe smallest eigenvalues of two positive definite Jacobi matrices

Let $J, L$ be two symmetric positive definite tridiagonal matrices of positive diagonal entries, $\mbox{diag}(J)=(a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_n)$, $\mbox{diag}(L)=(\alpha_1, \alpha_2, \ldots, \alpha_n)$, ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Given the Fourier coefficient moduli, how to choose the phases to have integer components?

Take $n\geq 1$, and let $c_1,...,c_n$ be $n$ non-negative numbers. For every $\phi_1,...,\phi_n$, the formulae $$v_k=\sum_{j=1}^n c_k \omega^{jk+\phi_k}$$ define a vector $v\in \mathbb{R}^n$, where ...
2
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0answers
81 views

Searching for inequalities relating a convolution-type integral of functions of modulus less than but close to one.

Suppose $f(x,y)$ and $g(x,y)$ are both measurable functions from $[0,1]\times[0,1]\to \mathbb{C}$ with $|f|,|g|<1$, and let $h(x,y)=\int_{0}^1 f(x,z)g(z,y) \ dz$. (So $|h(x,y)|<1$ also.) ...
2
votes
2answers
566 views

Exotic spectrum of Laplace operator

Given a closed Riemannian manifold and a generalized Laplace $\Delta$ operator, it is well known that $\Delta$ has discrete spectrum $(\lambda_n)_n$ (arranged in a increasing way, not counting ...
1
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0answers
244 views

weak mixing and spectral theorem

I'm trying to prove an equivalent statement about weak mixing transformations that relies on the spectral theorem, but I can't find a reference to fill in the last details. A hint for solving it or ...
7
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1answer
195 views

Singular values of $X+iY$ where $X$ and $Y$ are Hermitian

Lets have two Hermitian $n\times n$ matrices $X$ and $Y$. Are there any known properties of the singular values of $$Z = X + i Y.$$ I am the most interested in bounding from above a few first ...
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0answers
149 views

Inequalities between self-adjoint operators

Let $T_s$ ($s\ge0$) be a smooth family of non-negative self-adjoint operators in a separable Hilbert space $H$. Suppose that, for some $C'>C>0$, we have $T_0+Cs^2\le T_s\le T_0+C's^2$ for all ...
6
votes
2answers
624 views

analytic approximation of a non-negative matrix by a sequence of positive matrices

Let $L \in \{0,1\}^{n \times n}$ be a non-negative matrix whose row sum is 1. ($L$ stands for "limit"). It is known that there exists a unique $r \times r$ principal minor of $L$ that is a permutation ...
2
votes
1answer
497 views

Global Lichnerowicz Formula Proof (in the Kahler case)?

For a Kahler manifold $M$, let us denote its Dirac operator $\overline{\partial} + \overline{\partial}^\ast$, with respect to a metric $g$, by $D$. Moreover, let us dentoe the Levi-Civita connection ...
8
votes
0answers
477 views

Bounding sum of first singular values squared for Kronecker sum of traceless matrices

Let $A$ and $B$ be $4\times4$ traceless matrices with Hilbert-Schmidt norms summing up to $1/4$, i.e. $$\text{Tr}\left[ A\right]=\text{Tr}\left[ B\right] = 0,\qquad\text{Tr}\left[ A^\dagger A + ...
7
votes
1answer
639 views

0 eigenvalue for a symmetric tridiagonal matrix

Let $T\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be a symmetric tridiagonal matrix having the off--diagonal entries equal to -1. The diagonal entries are all positive, $a_i>0$, $i=\overline{1,n}$, and there ...
3
votes
1answer
234 views

Estimating spectral radius with a Gaussian vector

Suppose I'm trying to estimate the spectral radius of a square $n \times n$ matrix $A$, and let $N$ be a distribution over Gaussian i.i.d. vectors of length $n$. Is the following lemma true: If the ...
4
votes
1answer
261 views

Spectral Properties of $A(I-A)^{-1}$

I am working with a class of matrices $A$ which are non-negative-definite, not symmetric, and have maximum eigenvalue less than 1. I am interested in the spectral properties of the matrix $H = A(I - ...
8
votes
2answers
479 views

Efficiently computing a few localized eigenvectors

Let $H = \triangle + V(x) : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$. I am interested in domain decomposition for an eigenproblem involving $H$. The lowest 1000 eigenfunctions of $H$, $ \psi_i $, can ...
8
votes
3answers
614 views

Functions of Pseudodifferential Operators

Suppose I have a self-adjoint pseudo-differential operator $A$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and a continuous function $f$ (possibly bounded, or Schwartz, or compactly supported) on its spectrum. Then I can ...
7
votes
1answer
374 views

Is the Cheeger constant of an induced subgraph of a cube at most 1?

It is known that the Cheeger constant of a hypercube graph $Q_n$ is exactly $1$, regardless of its dimension $n$. Is $1$ also an upper bound on the Cheeger constant of nontrivial induced connected ...
0
votes
1answer
204 views

Spectrum of the operator PAP, with A self-adjoint and P strictly positive

Let $A$ be an unbounded self-adjoint operator with spectrum $\sigma(A)=\mathbb R$ in a Hilbert space $\mathcal H$. Let $P$ be a bounded operator in $\mathcal H$ satisfying $P\ge1$ and $$ {\rm ...
5
votes
3answers
431 views

Traceless GUE : Four Centered Fermions

The proof of the Wigner Semicircle Law comes from studying the GUE Kernel \[ K_N(\mu, \nu)=e^{-\frac{1}{2}(\mu^2+\nu^2)} \cdot \frac{1}{\sqrt{\pi}} \sum_{j=0}^{N-1}\frac{H_j(\lambda)H_j(\mu)}{2^j j!} ...
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0answers
176 views

Norm related to diophantine approximation?

I'm trying to read this paper: http://www.springerlink.com/content/g0046660260825x3/ or http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.20.1813&rep=rep1&type=pdf But I don't ...
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0answers
115 views

singular values

Hello everyone, Are there any known conditions to ensure that the singular value of a matrix A is smaller than 1 ? More specifically, in my case A is the product of an M-Matrix and an inverse ...
9
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3answers
1k views

The first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space

What is the exact value of the first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space viewed as $SU(n+1)/S(U(1)\times U(n))$?
3
votes
2answers
237 views

Analogue of PSD matrices for permanents?

Let's begin with a few observations. Suppose we consider the set of $N\times N$ matrices and consider the matrices with positive determinant. There are several connected components in this set; let ...
21
votes
4answers
1k views

Can $L^{2}$ be represented as a space of functions (not equivalence classes)?

Let $X$ be the vector space of all Lebesgue-measurable functions $f:\left[a,b\right]\rightarrowℝ$ such that $\int^{b}_{a}\left|f\left(x\right)\right|^{2}dx<\infty$ (Lebesgue integral). Then we can ...
1
vote
2answers
305 views

Showing a solution of elliptic PDe is non-degenerate

Dear Mathoverflowers: I am interested in radial positive solutions of $-\Delta u(r) = r^\alpha u(r)^p$ in the unit ball in $ R^N$ with $ u=0$ on the boundary. Here $p>1$ and $ \alpha >0$. ...
3
votes
2answers
458 views

Number of perturbations of the Jordan form

I am looking for information about the number of Jordan forms that can be obtained from a given Jordan form of a small perturbation. For example, if a Jordan form consists of a single cell 2x2 ...
1
vote
3answers
960 views

Generalization of eigenvalues/vectors to modules?

What is the generalization of eigenvalues/vectors to modules? To be specific, given a "vector" v in a module over some ring, and a linear "operator" O from the module to itself (please feel free to ...
14
votes
2answers
460 views

Is there a spectral theory approach to non-explicit Plancherel-type theorems?

Teaching graduate analysis has inspired me to think about the completeness theorem for Fourier series and the more difficult Plancherel theorem for the Fourier transform on $\mathbb{R}$. There are ...
6
votes
1answer
163 views

numerically track spectrum curves of a parameter dependent linear operator

Hi, I am interested in how to numerically track spectrum curves of a parameter dependent linear operator. Given a linear operator in square matrix form $M(t)$, where the matrix is smooth dependent of ...
4
votes
2answers
503 views

How do you solve linear systems whose solutions decay exponentially?

Consider the heat equation $$\dot{u} = \Delta u$$ with initial conditions $$u_0 = \delta(x)$$ for some point $x$ in the domain $\Omega$ of the problem. If $\Omega$ is $\mathbb{R}^n$, then this ...
5
votes
1answer
683 views

Generalising Gelfand's spectral theory

This is primarily a request for references and advices. Question (edited on 10/29/2011). What's known about comprehensive generalisations of Gelfand's spectral theory for unital [associative] ...
6
votes
1answer
186 views

Brownian particle with jump boundary condition

I would like to find a function $f(s)$, which solves the following equation: $ \int_0^t \int_0^L f(s,x) p(t-s,x,y) dy ds = 1 $ The function $p(\tau,x,y)$ is $p(\tau,x,y) = \sum_n e^{-\lambda_n ...
2
votes
2answers
236 views

Smooth dependence of the spectrum on the operator

I would like to know if there are theorems that state under which circumstances spectra of operator families depend smoothly on the parameter. To clarify, suppose I have a 1-parameter family $T_h$ of ...
3
votes
3answers
339 views

Estimates for the diameter of a (nice) surface?

The Question Let $M$ be a compact, connected, orientable surface without boundary of bounded genus smoothly embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$; define the diameter $d_M$ of $M$ as the maximum minimal ...
0
votes
1answer
411 views

Simple system of ODEs with periodic coefficients

I am stuck with a little problem that I cannot solve mith the standard methods I learn at university. I have a system of coupled ODEs: $f'(t) = P \cos(k t + \Phi_1) g(t)$ $g'(t) = Q \cos(k t + ...
1
vote
0answers
311 views

Definition of spectral gradient

Consider this differential operator $$ \mathcal{H}(\phi(\mathbf{x})) = -\triangle + V(\mathbf{x})H_\epsilon (\phi(\mathbf{x})) $$ where $\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb{R}^2$, $\phi : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow ...
0
votes
1answer
301 views

Robust entropy-like measure for analyzing uncertainity

I'm looking for a measure to analysis the uncertainty observed in a set of variables (with multivariate Gaussian distribution). So, I've tried conventional Shanon entropy (differential entropy) which ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Diagonalization of a matrix of differential operators

Dear community, i have a question regarding differential operators acting on vector valued functions and how to "diagonalize" them. To explain my question i will use an example: Let $V^k$ be the ...
5
votes
1answer
815 views

How to construct a scalar differential operator having the same spectrum as a non-scalar differential operator exploiting symmetries?

I am interested in eigenvalue problems for differential operators acting on one forms on closed two-dimensional manifolds and how they relate to eigenvalue problems of associated operators acting on ...
5
votes
2answers
644 views

Literature on behaviour of eigenfunctions under multiplication?

Dear community, I would be happy about any literature or comments on the behaviour of the pointwise product of eigenfunctions of a self-adjoint operator with discrete spectrum, acting on a separable ...
0
votes
1answer
399 views

Spectral theory of real symmetric matrices with random diagonal elements

Can you point me in the direction of any research done on the spectral theory (i.e. eigenvalues and eigenvectors) of real symmetric matrices with random (Gaussian or Levy) diagonal elements and fixed ...
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0answers
181 views

Joint Convexity of Spectral functions of several matrices

$\{A_1 \ldots A_K \}$ is a set of matrices in $\mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$. Let $f (A_1,\ldots,A_K)$ be a function of the singular values of all matrices. For e.g., $f$ is just summation of singular ...
2
votes
0answers
518 views

Comparision of cubic hermite finite element and cubic B-spline finite element (in condition nunmbers of stiffness matrix, or sth else)

Background Consider the one dimensional second order elliptic PDE, $$ \left\{\!\! \begin{aligned} & -(a(x)u'(x))'+b(x)u(x)=f(x)\qquad x\in[0,1]\\ & u(0)=u(1)=0 \end{aligned} ...
2
votes
2answers
790 views

Perturbative solution to an Eigenvalue Problem with a continuous spectrum

I am trying to find an approximate solution to an eigenvalue equation using techniques from perturbation theory. Roughly speaking, the problem is as follows $L^s \phi_q^s = \lambda_q^s \phi_q^s$ ...
4
votes
1answer
628 views

What does $L^\infty_\varepsilon$ mean?

In Volume 4 of Reed and Simon on page 83 the authors refer to the space $(L^\infty(\mathbb{R}^3))_\varepsilon$, and later on page 119 they use $L^\\infty_\varepsilon$. Are these two spaces the same? ...
5
votes
1answer
571 views

Multiplicity of eigenvalues of the Laplacian on quaternionic projective space

Using the classic spherical harmonics theory, one obtains the $k$-th eigenvalue of the $n$-dimensional round sphere $S^n$ to be $k(k+n-1)$, and its multiplicity is $\binom{n+k}{k}-\binom{n+k-1}{k-1}$, ...
6
votes
2answers
958 views

What is the relationship amongst all the different kinds of spectra?

The word "spectrum" gets tossed around a lot in mathematics, and there seem to be a number of different concepts to which it applies. There is of course a physical connotation to the word which is ...
0
votes
1answer
856 views

laplacian for metrics on $S^n$

It is true that the restiction of the Laplace operator on $\mathbb R^n$ to functions on the sphere is the Laplacian for the round metric on the sphere. Is this true for any Riemannian metric $g$ on ...
5
votes
1answer
735 views

Growth of Laplacian eigenvalues on a compact domain?

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $\Delta$ be the (scalar) Laplace-Beltrami operator on $\\mathcal{M}$. Then $\Delta$ has a discrete spectrum and if we order its distinct ...