**5**

votes

**3**answers

472 views

### Has the largest-to-rest eigenvalue ratio of real symmetric matrices been researched before?

I'm investigating the eigenvalue ratios
$$
\frac{\lambda_1}{\sum_{j=2}^N\lambda_j}
\quad\mbox{and}\quad
\frac{\sum_{j=1}^N\lambda_j}{\sum_{j=2}^N\lambda_j}
$$
of the NxN matrix $B=AA^T$. $\lambda_1$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

243 views

### Eigen-decomposition perturbation

Let $A$, $B$ and $A_k + B$ be symmetric matrices with eigenvalues $\sigma_1 \geq \sigma_2 \ldots \geq \sigma_n$, $\rho_1 \geq \rho_2 \ldots \geq \rho_n$ and $\lambda_1 \geq \lambda_2 \ldots \geq ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

336 views

### Spectrum of $L^\infty(X,\mu)$

Suppose that $(X,\Sigma,\mu)$ is a measured set with respect to $\sigma$-algebra $\Sigma$.
Suppose that $L^\infty(X,\mu)$ is the set of all $\mu$-equal bounded $\Sigma$-measurable functions on $X$. ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

180 views

### Stability of the spectrum for perturbations of the boundary

Consider the Laplace operator on a smooth bounded open set with Dirichlet boundary conditions. I need some result of the following type: if one perturbs the boundary in a suitable sense to be ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

116 views

### showing convergence of a function recursion relation

I have obtained (formally) a perturbative solution
$$
H(y) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \delta^n H_n(y)
$$
to the following integro-differential equation ($\delta$ is a small constant, $\nu$ is a L\'evy ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

366 views

### About the quantum spectrum of a certain potential.

Intuitively one understands that if one is solving the Schroedinger's equation for energies $E$ such that $\{ x \vert U(x)\leq E \}$ is compact (..is there a weaker criteria?..) then the spectrum ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Minimum off-diagonal elements of a matrix with fixed eigenvalues

Hello,
I am en engineer working in radar research. I came accross a problem I cannot seem to find math literature on it.
I can ask it in two different ways. Perhaps depending on the reader, the ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Relationship between Green's function and geodesic distance?

I am interested in showing that a certain Green's function can be used to approximate the distance function on a Riemannian manifold in the following sense. Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Generalizing the spectral radius of a unistochastic matrix

Consider a square matrix $A$, and from it construct $B$ whose entries are the squared magnitudes of those in $A$. What can we say about the spectral radius of $B$? I know that for a unitary matrix ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

395 views

### Lebesgue integral with respect to vector measures?

Good evening,
I'm reading some papers of Jim Agler and Nicholas Young, in which they prove a formula of integral representation with respect to a vector measure, but the integration is in the sense ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### What is a good reference that compact resolvent implies Fredholm operator?

Suppose $A \in \mathcal{L}(E_1, E_0)$ is a bounded linear operator between Banach spaces $E_1$ and $E_0$, and we also have that $E_1$ is densely, continuously embedded in $E_0$ (i.e. $A$ can be ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Interesting relationships between Cholesky decomposition and diagonalization

Let $\Sigma$ be a hermitian positive definite matrix and $L$ be it's Cholesky decomposition so that $LL^\ast=\Sigma$. Furthermore, let's diagonalize $\Sigma$ as $\Sigma = P\Lambda P^\ast$. $\Lambda$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

230 views

### Matrix conditions under which spectral radius is smaller than 1?

Hello everyone,
I would like to find out which conditions are necessary so that the spectral radius $\rho(M)<1$ where $M$ represents the following matrix:
$M = \left( \begin{array}{ccc}
W & 0 ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

220 views

### Conditions ensuring an order betweenthe smallest eigenvalues of two positive definite Jacobi matrices

Let $J, L$ be two symmetric positive definite tridiagonal matrices of positive diagonal entries, $\mbox{diag}(J)=(a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_n)$, $\mbox{diag}(L)=(\alpha_1, \alpha_2, \ldots, \alpha_n)$, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

79 views

### Given the Fourier coefficient moduli, how to choose the phases to have integer components?

Take $n\geq 1$, and let $c_1,...,c_n$ be $n$ non-negative numbers.
For every $\phi_1,...,\phi_n$, the formulae $$v_k=\sum_{j=1}^n c_k \omega^{jk+\phi_k}$$ define a vector $v\in \mathbb{R}^n$, where ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Searching for inequalities relating a convolution-type integral of functions of modulus less than but close to one.

Suppose $f(x,y)$ and $g(x,y)$ are both measurable functions from $[0,1]\times[0,1]\to \mathbb{C}$ with $|f|,|g|<1$, and let $h(x,y)=\int_{0}^1 f(x,z)g(z,y) \ dz$. (So $|h(x,y)|<1$ also.)
...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

569 views

### Exotic spectrum of Laplace operator

Given a closed Riemannian manifold and a generalized Laplace $\Delta$ operator,
it is well known that $\Delta$ has discrete spectrum $(\lambda_n)_n$ (arranged in a increasing way, not counting ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

253 views

### weak mixing and spectral theorem

I'm trying to prove an equivalent statement about weak mixing transformations that relies on the spectral theorem, but I can't find a reference to fill in the last details. A hint for solving it or ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Singular values of $X+iY$ where $X$ and $Y$ are Hermitian

Lets have two Hermitian $n\times n$ matrices $X$ and $Y$.
Are there any known properties of the singular values of
$$Z = X + i Y.$$
I am the most interested in bounding from above a few first ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

149 views

### Inequalities between self-adjoint operators

Let $T_s$ ($s\ge0$) be a smooth family of non-negative self-adjoint operators in a separable Hilbert space $H$. Suppose that, for some $C'>C>0$, we have $T_0+Cs^2\le T_s\le T_0+C's^2$ for all ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

624 views

### analytic approximation of a non-negative matrix by a sequence of positive matrices

Let $L \in \{0,1\}^{n \times n}$ be a non-negative matrix whose row sum is 1. ($L$ stands for "limit"). It is known that there exists a unique $r \times r$ principal minor of $L$ that is a permutation ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

509 views

### Global Lichnerowicz Formula Proof (in the Kahler case)?

For a Kahler manifold $M$, let us denote its Dirac operator $\overline{\partial} + \overline{\partial}^\ast$, with respect to a metric $g$, by $D$. Moreover, let us dentoe the Levi-Civita connection ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

483 views

### Bounding sum of first singular values squared for Kronecker sum of traceless matrices

Let $A$ and $B$ be $4\times4$ traceless matrices with Hilbert-Schmidt norms summing up to $1/4$, i.e.
$$\text{Tr}\left[ A\right]=\text{Tr}\left[ B\right] = 0,\qquad\text{Tr}\left[ A^\dagger A + ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

657 views

### 0 eigenvalue for a symmetric tridiagonal matrix

Let $T\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be a symmetric tridiagonal matrix having the off--diagonal entries equal to -1. The diagonal entries are all positive, $a_i>0$, $i=\overline{1,n}$, and there ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Estimating spectral radius with a Gaussian vector

Suppose I'm trying to estimate the spectral radius of a square $n \times n$ matrix $A$,
and let $N$ be a distribution over Gaussian i.i.d. vectors of length $n$.
Is the following lemma true:
If the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### Spectral Properties of $A(I-A)^{-1}$

I am working with a class of matrices $A$ which are non-negative-definite, not symmetric, and have maximum eigenvalue less than 1. I am interested in the spectral properties of the matrix $H = A(I - ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

483 views

### Efficiently computing a few localized eigenvectors

Let $H = \triangle + V(x) : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$. I am interested in domain decomposition for an eigenproblem involving $H$.
The lowest 1000 eigenfunctions of $H$, $ \psi_i $, can ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

626 views

### Functions of Pseudodifferential Operators

Suppose I have a self-adjoint pseudo-differential operator $A$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and a continuous function $f$ (possibly bounded, or Schwartz, or compactly supported) on its spectrum. Then I can ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

381 views

### Is the Cheeger constant of an induced subgraph of a cube at most 1?

It is known that the
Cheeger constant
of a
hypercube graph $Q_n$
is exactly $1$, regardless of its dimension $n$. Is $1$ also an upper bound
on the Cheeger constant of nontrivial induced connected ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### Spectrum of the operator PAP, with A self-adjoint and P strictly positive

Let $A$ be an unbounded self-adjoint operator with spectrum $\sigma(A)=\mathbb R$ in a Hilbert space $\mathcal H$. Let $P$ be a bounded operator in $\mathcal H$ satisfying $P\ge1$ and
$$
{\rm ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

433 views

### Traceless GUE : Four Centered Fermions

The proof of the Wigner Semicircle Law comes from studying the GUE Kernel
\[ K_N(\mu, \nu)=e^{-\frac{1}{2}(\mu^2+\nu^2)} \cdot \frac{1}{\sqrt{\pi}} \sum_{j=0}^{N-1}\frac{H_j(\lambda)H_j(\mu)}{2^j j!} ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

177 views

### Norm related to diophantine approximation?

I'm trying to read this paper:
http://www.springerlink.com/content/g0046660260825x3/
or http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.20.1813&rep=rep1&type=pdf
But I don't ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### singular values

Hello everyone,
Are there any known conditions to ensure that the singular value of a matrix A is smaller than 1 ?
More specifically, in my case A is the product of an M-Matrix and an inverse ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### The first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space

What is the exact value of the first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space viewed as $SU(n+1)/S(U(1)\times U(n))$?

**3**

votes

**2**answers

238 views

### Analogue of PSD matrices for permanents?

Let's begin with a few observations. Suppose we consider the set of $N\times N$ matrices and consider the matrices with positive determinant. There are several connected components in this set; let ...

**21**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Can $L^{2}$ be represented as a space of functions (not equivalence classes)?

Let $X$ be the vector space of all Lebesgue-measurable functions $f:\left[a,b\right]\rightarrowℝ$ such that $\int^{b}_{a}\left|f\left(x\right)\right|^{2}dx<\infty$ (Lebesgue integral). Then we can ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

309 views

### Showing a solution of elliptic PDe is non-degenerate

Dear Mathoverflowers:
I am interested in radial positive solutions of
$-\Delta u(r) = r^\alpha u(r)^p$ in the unit ball in $ R^N$ with $ u=0$ on the boundary.
Here $p>1$ and $ \alpha >0$. ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

459 views

### Number of perturbations of the Jordan form

I am looking for information about the number of Jordan forms that can be obtained from a given Jordan form of a small perturbation.
For example, if a Jordan form consists of a single cell 2x2
...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

971 views

### Generalization of eigenvalues/vectors to modules?

What is the generalization of eigenvalues/vectors to modules?
To be specific, given a "vector" v in a module over some ring, and a linear "operator" O from the module to itself (please feel free to ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

464 views

### Is there a spectral theory approach to non-explicit Plancherel-type theorems?

Teaching graduate analysis has inspired me to think about the completeness theorem for Fourier series and the more difficult Plancherel theorem for the Fourier transform on $\mathbb{R}$. There are ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### numerically track spectrum curves of a parameter dependent linear operator

Hi, I am interested in how to numerically track spectrum curves of a parameter dependent linear operator.
Given a linear operator in square matrix form $M(t)$, where the matrix is smooth dependent of ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

506 views

### How do you solve linear systems whose solutions decay exponentially?

Consider the heat equation
$$\dot{u} = \Delta u$$
with initial conditions
$$u_0 = \delta(x)$$
for some point $x$ in the domain $\Omega$ of the problem. If $\Omega$ is $\mathbb{R}^n$, then this ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

689 views

### Generalising Gelfand's spectral theory

This is primarily a request for references and advices.
Question (edited on 10/29/2011). What's known about comprehensive
generalisations of Gelfand's spectral
theory for unital [associative] ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### Brownian particle with jump boundary condition

I would like to find a function $f(s)$, which solves the following equation:
$ \int_0^t \int_0^L f(s,x) p(t-s,x,y) dy ds = 1 $
The function $p(\tau,x,y)$ is
$p(\tau,x,y) = \sum_n e^{-\lambda_n ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

238 views

### Smooth dependence of the spectrum on the operator

I would like to know if there are theorems that state under which circumstances spectra of operator families depend smoothly on the parameter.
To clarify, suppose I have a 1-parameter family $T_h$ of ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

342 views

### Estimates for the diameter of a (nice) surface?

The Question
Let $M$ be a compact, connected, orientable surface without boundary of bounded genus smoothly embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$; define the diameter $d_M$ of $M$ as the maximum minimal ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

418 views

### Simple system of ODEs with periodic coefficients

I am stuck with a little problem that I cannot solve mith the standard methods I learn at university. I have a system of coupled ODEs:
$f'(t) = P \cos(k t + \Phi_1) g(t)$
$g'(t) = Q \cos(k t + ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

314 views

### Definition of spectral gradient

Consider this differential operator
$$
\mathcal{H}(\phi(\mathbf{x})) = -\triangle + V(\mathbf{x})H_\epsilon (\phi(\mathbf{x}))
$$
where $\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb{R}^2$, $\phi : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

308 views

### Robust entropy-like measure for analyzing uncertainity

I'm looking for a measure to analysis the uncertainty observed in a set of variables (with multivariate Gaussian distribution). So, I've tried conventional Shanon entropy (differential entropy) which ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

1k views

### Diagonalization of a matrix of differential operators

Dear community,
i have a question regarding differential operators acting on vector valued functions and how to "diagonalize" them.
To explain my question i will use an example:
Let $V^k$ be the ...