Schrodinger operators, operators on manifolds, general differential operators, numerical studies, integral operators, discrete models, resonances, non-self-adjoint operators, random operators/matrices

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2
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2answers
783 views

Perturbative solution to an Eigenvalue Problem with a continuous spectrum

I am trying to find an approximate solution to an eigenvalue equation using techniques from perturbation theory. Roughly speaking, the problem is as follows $L^s \phi_q^s = \lambda_q^s \phi_q^s$ ...
4
votes
1answer
620 views

What does $L^\infty_\varepsilon$ mean?

In Volume 4 of Reed and Simon on page 83 the authors refer to the space $(L^\infty(\mathbb{R}^3))_\varepsilon$, and later on page 119 they use $L^\\infty_\varepsilon$. Are these two spaces the same? ...
4
votes
1answer
536 views

Multiplicity of eigenvalues of the Laplacian on quaternionic projective space

Using the classic spherical harmonics theory, one obtains the $k$-th eigenvalue of the $n$-dimensional round sphere $S^n$ to be $k(k+n-1)$, and its multiplicity is $\binom{n+k}{k}-\binom{n+k-1}{k-1}$, ...
6
votes
2answers
937 views

What is the relationship amongst all the different kinds of spectra?

The word "spectrum" gets tossed around a lot in mathematics, and there seem to be a number of different concepts to which it applies. There is of course a physical connotation to the word which is ...
0
votes
1answer
844 views

laplacian for metrics on $S^n$

It is true that the restiction of the Laplace operator on $\mathbb R^n$ to functions on the sphere is the Laplacian for the round metric on the sphere. Is this true for any Riemannian metric $g$ on ...
4
votes
1answer
678 views

Growth of Laplacian eigenvalues on a compact domain?

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $\Delta$ be the (scalar) Laplace-Beltrami operator on $\\mathcal{M}$. Then $\Delta$ has a discrete spectrum and if we order its distinct ...
7
votes
1answer
794 views

First eigenvalue of the Laplacian on Berger spheres

Consider the Hopf fibrations $S^1\to S^{2n+1}\to CP^n$ and $S^3\to S^{4n+3}\to HP^n$. These are Riemannian submersions with totally geodesic fibers. Consider now their canonical variations (the ...
4
votes
3answers
697 views

Homogeneous linear differential equation system with simple periodical coefficient matrix

Hello, I encountered the following system of linear first-order differential equations: $y'(z)=A(z) y(z)$ where $y(z): R \rightarrow R^2$ and $A(z)=\begin{pmatrix} 0 & B Cos(\alpha z + \Phi_b) ...
12
votes
4answers
1k views

High multiplicity eigenvalue implies symmetry?

It is well known that on any compact Riemannian symmetric space $X$, the eigenvalues of the Laplacian have very high multiplicity (comparable with the Weyl bound), and the resulting actions ...
7
votes
2answers
382 views

Symmetric spaces, Horocycle spaces and intertwining operators

Let $G=KAN$ be an Iwasawa decomposition of a connected semisimple Lie group with finite center. Let us assume for simplicity that the associated symmetric space $G/K$ has rank 1. Harish-Chandras ...
2
votes
1answer
524 views

spectra of sums in (Banach) algebras

A similar question was already asked in question titled "Spectra of sums and products in (Banach) algebras [was: Spectrum in Banach Algebra]". Answer there led me to the following question. If for ...
1
vote
1answer
285 views

Can be this operator extended to an unbounded self-adjoint operator ?

Consider an enumeration $\{q_1,q_2,\ldots\}$ of $\mathbb{Q}\cap [1,\infty)$ and a orthogonal Schauder basis $\{e_1,e_2,\ldots\}$ of $\ell^2(\mathbb{N})$. Define $Ae_{2k-1}=e_{2k-1}$ and ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

The Guinand-Weil explicit formula without entire function theory

I'll admit from the outset that this question is slightly vague. The actual question appears at the end of the post. The explicit formula of Guinand and Weil can be written in the following way: For ...
3
votes
1answer
416 views

eigenvalue problem on the geodesic ball of sphere

I have a question about eigenvalue problem on the geodesic ball in $n$-dimensional sphere $\mathbb{S}^n\subset\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. Consider the eigenvalue problem in the geodesic ball ...
4
votes
2answers
298 views

Is independence meaningful for commutative $C^*$-algebras?

I don't know very much about spectral theory so probably the answer to my question has a basic reference which I would appreciate. Let's say I have two self-adjoint operators on a Hilbert space and ...
4
votes
1answer
629 views

Why is the cuspidal spectrum discrete?

Hi, I have a short question concerning the spectral theory of automorphic forms. What is the main property of the unipotent group $N$, which consist of matrices in the form ...
3
votes
2answers
443 views

Localization of Laplacian eigenfunction on the unit square?

Let A be the unit square, $\{u_k\}$ is the set of all L2-normalized Laplacian eigenfunctions with Dirichlet boundary condition. Is it true that for any open subset V, $C_V = \inf\limits_k ...
3
votes
3answers
528 views

Boundness of Laplacian eigenfunctions

Let $A$ be a bounded domain in $\mathbb R^d$, $d>1$, and $\{u_k\}$ is the set of all $L^2$-normalized Laplacian eigenfunctions on $A$ with Dirichlet boundary condition (i.e., $\|u_k\|_2 = 1$). Is ...
10
votes
5answers
831 views

Can always a family of symmetric real matrices depending smoothly on a real parameter be diagonalized by smooth similarity transformations?

This question is related to another question, but it is definitely not the same. Is it always possible to diagonalize (at least locally around each point) a family of symmetric real matrices $A(t)$ ...
3
votes
4answers
943 views

Boundaries of the eigenvalues of a symmetric matrix (or of its Lapacian)

Given the adjacency matrix $A_{ij}$ of a graph with $N$ vertices and $M$ links (or any binary symmetric matrix of size $N \times N$), is it possible to establish lower and upper boundaries of its ...
2
votes
1answer
379 views

orthonormal basis of eigenvectors for laplacian on a concave polygon

I am interested in the Laplace operator $\Delta$ on a concave polygon. When the polygon is convex, it is known that $\Delta: H^2(\Omega) \rightarrow L^2(\Omega)$ is boundedly invertible. In addition, ...
0
votes
2answers
601 views

Convergence of eigenvectors

Let $T$ be a compact operator on $l^2$. Let $T_n$ be finite rank operators and $T_n \to T$ in the operator norm. Is it true that the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of $T_n$ converge to eigenvalues and ...
0
votes
0answers
638 views

Spectral decomposition of the shift operator on $\ell_p(N)$

In this article http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Decomposition_of_spectrum_(functional_analysis) spectrum decomposition of the shift operator on $\ell_p(N)$ has been discussed. Question: Is it possible ...
3
votes
1answer
351 views

Estimating laplace-beltrami spectra for a graph surface in $R^3$

Consider a surface $\Gamma$ in $R^3$. The surface $\Gamma$ is a graph, i.e. $\Gamma = (x,y, h(x,y))$, for $x \in R^2$ and some smooth function $h$, where $h$ and all its derivatives are periodic on ...
3
votes
1answer
572 views

Laplace-deRham operator for 1-forms on the sphere

What do the eigenforms of the 1-form Laplace-de Rham operator look like on the 2-sphere, seen as vector fields via the inner product? For the standard Laplace-de Rham operator on 0-forms (functions) ...
4
votes
1answer
551 views

Tridiagonal Matrix

What is the most efficient way to calucate the dominant eigenvector of a real symmetric tridiagonal matrix, and what's the corresponding time complexity bound? Could someone give me a reference for ...
4
votes
2answers
410 views

An analogue of Hilbert-Schmidt theorem for multilinear forms

Let $H$ be a (the) real separable Hilbert space. The Hilbert--Schmidt theorem says that a compact self-adjoint operator $A$ has an eigenfunction expansion. Instead of operator, we can think of a ...
2
votes
1answer
221 views

Singular values of differences of square matrices

Suppose $A, B \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times n}$. Let $\sigma_1(A),\ldots,\sigma_n(A)$ be the singular values of $A$, and let $\sigma_1(B),\ldots,\sigma_n(B)$ be the singular values of $B$. If I know these ...
13
votes
7answers
3k views

Nice applications of the spectral theorem?

Most books and courses on linear algebra or functional analysis present at least one version of the spectral theorem (either in finite or infinite dimension) and emphasize its importance to many ...
4
votes
1answer
880 views

dominant eigenvector

Hi, everyone! Is there any efficient way to simplify the following tensor product $X \otimes X + X^T \otimes X^T$, where $X$ is a square $n \times n$ matrix. My goal is to efficiently compute the ...
1
vote
1answer
521 views

eigenspace of sum of a non-symmetric matrix and its transpose

Suppose $A$ is a non-symmetric matrix (also, not a normal matrix) with all non-negative eigenvalues. Is there a relation between eigenspace (subspace spanned by eigenvectors) of $A$ and eigenspace of ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

eigenvalues of sum of a non-symmetric matrix and its transpose (A+A^T)

Suppose we have a matrix $M$ such that $M$ is non-symmetric real and has positive eigenvalues. Do we have a relation between eigenvalues/eigenvectors of $(M+M^T)$ and those of $M$? What if $M$ and ...
14
votes
2answers
588 views

Eigenvalues of an “oblique diagonal” matrix

I am looking for guidance about the behavior of powers of a particular matrix (call it $A_n$ for $n\ge2$), which has come up in a counting problem about quantum knot mosaics (a good reference for ...
3
votes
0answers
245 views

Controlling the Second Eigenvalue of a Schrödinger Operator

Consider a bounded domain $\Omega$ (with smooth boundary) in some Riemannian $n$-manifold $M^n$. Let $L$ be the operator $$ L=\Delta+V $$ where $\Delta$ is the Laplace-beltrami operator on $M$ (so is ...
4
votes
0answers
247 views

spectral decomposition for elliptic surfaces?

I'm looking for explicit formulae for the spectral decomposition of $L^2(S)$, where $S$ is an elliptic surface (of complex dimension 2). To be precise, the elliptic surface I'm looking at is the ...
1
vote
1answer
182 views

sum of Perron-Frobenius operators

My operator is the transfer operator $P$ on $L^1$ functions defined on compact $X$. It is the pre-dual of the operator $U:L^∞ \rightarrow L^∞$ defined by $U(ϕ)=ϕ\circ f$, for a fixed map f on X. I ...
1
vote
3answers
516 views

Leading eigenvalues

If I know about the leading eigenvalues and the eigenfunctions of two operators, is there any result about the leading eigenvalue of the sum of the two operators?
17
votes
5answers
3k views

Good references for Rigged Hilbert spaces?

Every now and then I attempt to understand better quantum mechanics and quantum field theory, but for a variety of possible reasons, I find it very difficult to read any kind of physicist account, ...
5
votes
2answers
492 views

index of a family of Dirac operators in $K^1$

Suppose I have a family of Dirac operators over a compact base space B. From the paper of Atiyah and Singer about skew adjoint Fredholm operators we know that it has an index in $K^1(B)$. Suppose ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Conditions for smooth dependence of the eigenvalues and eigenvectors of a matrix on a set of parameters

Let $A\in\mathcal M_n$ be an $n\times n$ real [symmetric] matrix which depends smoothly on a [finite] set of parameters, $A=A(\xi_1,\ldots,\xi_k)$. We can view it as a smooth function $A:\mathbb ...
5
votes
0answers
208 views

Spectrum of an operator arising in a dynamical problem

(Question edited according to Denis Serre comment). While studying the action of dilating map of the circle on probability measures, I ran across the following operator: $$\mathcal{K}^* : ...
4
votes
1answer
758 views

How “generalized eigenvalues” combine into producing the spectral measure?

Hi... I am wondering how 'eigenvalues' that don't lie in my Hilbert space combine into producing the spectral measure. I study probability and I am quite ignorant in the field of spectral analysis of ...
8
votes
4answers
548 views

Does a quantitative version of Fredholm theory exist?

Let $X$ be a Banach space and $K:X\to X$ be a compact operator. If $I+K$ is injective then it is onto and hence the inverse $(I+K)^{-1}$ is bounded. What kind of qualitative or quantitative ...
9
votes
8answers
4k views

Can a self-adjoint operator have a continuous set of eigenvalues?

This should be a trivial question for mathematicians but not for typical physicists. I know that the spectrum of a linear operator on a Banach space splits into the so-called "point," "continuous" ...
23
votes
3answers
2k views

Trapped rays bouncing between two convex bodies

At some point during my research I was confronted with this problem, but I did not dedicate serious time to it. Anyway it stayed in the back of my mind and I'm still interested in hints for it. ...
1
vote
1answer
407 views

Parametrizing eigenvectors

I'm looking for a proof in the literature of the following fact: Let $A_t$ be a $C^1$-function of one argument $t \in (a,b)$ taking values in the self-adjoint $N \times N$ matrices. Suppose that for ...
7
votes
2answers
375 views

Does there exist a potential which realizes this strange quantum mechanical system?

I have done some courses on quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics in the past. Since I also do math, I wonder about converge issues which are usually not such a problem in physics. One of those ...
27
votes
3answers
2k views

Perron-Frobenius “inverse eigenvalue problem”

The Perron-Frobenius theorem says that the largest eigenvalue of a positive real matrix (all entries positive) is real. Moreover, that eigenvalue has a positive eigenvector, and it is the only ...
5
votes
1answer
311 views

What is the Cheeger constant of a cubical subset of the cubic lattice?

The Cheeger constant of a finite graph measures the "bottleneckedness" of the graph, and is defined as: $$h(G) := \min\Bigg\lbrace\frac{|\partial A|}{|A|} \Bigg| A\subset V, 0<|A|\leq ...
12
votes
4answers
961 views

An experiment on random matrices

A bit unsure if my use/mention of proprietary software might be inappropriate or even frowned upon here. If this is the case, or if this kind of experimental question is not welcome, please let me ...