**5**

votes

**1**answer

365 views

### About the quantum spectrum of a certain potential.

Intuitively one understands that if one is solving the Schroedinger's equation for energies $E$ such that $\{ x \vert U(x)\leq E \}$ is compact (..is there a weaker criteria?..) then the spectrum ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Minimum off-diagonal elements of a matrix with fixed eigenvalues

Hello,
I am en engineer working in radar research. I came accross a problem I cannot seem to find math literature on it.
I can ask it in two different ways. Perhaps depending on the reader, the ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Relationship between Green's function and geodesic distance?

I am interested in showing that a certain Green's function can be used to approximate the distance function on a Riemannian manifold in the following sense. Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Generalizing the spectral radius of a unistochastic matrix

Consider a square matrix $A$, and from it construct $B$ whose entries are the squared magnitudes of those in $A$. What can we say about the spectral radius of $B$? I know that for a unitary matrix ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

394 views

### Lebesgue integral with respect to vector measures?

Good evening,
I'm reading some papers of Jim Agler and Nicholas Young, in which they prove a formula of integral representation with respect to a vector measure, but the integration is in the sense ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### What is a good reference that compact resolvent implies Fredholm operator?

Suppose $A \in \mathcal{L}(E_1, E_0)$ is a bounded linear operator between Banach spaces $E_1$ and $E_0$, and we also have that $E_1$ is densely, continuously embedded in $E_0$ (i.e. $A$ can be ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Interesting relationships between Cholesky decomposition and diagonalization

Let $\Sigma$ be a hermitian positive definite matrix and $L$ be it's Cholesky decomposition so that $LL^\ast=\Sigma$. Furthermore, let's diagonalize $\Sigma$ as $\Sigma = P\Lambda P^\ast$. $\Lambda$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

230 views

### Matrix conditions under which spectral radius is smaller than 1?

Hello everyone,
I would like to find out which conditions are necessary so that the spectral radius $\rho(M)<1$ where $M$ represents the following matrix:
$M = \left( \begin{array}{ccc}
W & 0 ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

220 views

### Conditions ensuring an order betweenthe smallest eigenvalues of two positive definite Jacobi matrices

Let $J, L$ be two symmetric positive definite tridiagonal matrices of positive diagonal entries, $\mbox{diag}(J)=(a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_n)$, $\mbox{diag}(L)=(\alpha_1, \alpha_2, \ldots, \alpha_n)$, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

79 views

### Given the Fourier coefficient moduli, how to choose the phases to have integer components?

Take $n\geq 1$, and let $c_1,...,c_n$ be $n$ non-negative numbers.
For every $\phi_1,...,\phi_n$, the formulae $$v_k=\sum_{j=1}^n c_k \omega^{jk+\phi_k}$$ define a vector $v\in \mathbb{R}^n$, where ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### Searching for inequalities relating a convolution-type integral of functions of modulus less than but close to one.

Suppose $f(x,y)$ and $g(x,y)$ are both measurable functions from $[0,1]\times[0,1]\to \mathbb{C}$ with $|f|,|g|<1$, and let $h(x,y)=\int_{0}^1 f(x,z)g(z,y) \ dz$. (So $|h(x,y)|<1$ also.)
...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

568 views

### Exotic spectrum of Laplace operator

Given a closed Riemannian manifold and a generalized Laplace $\Delta$ operator,
it is well known that $\Delta$ has discrete spectrum $(\lambda_n)_n$ (arranged in a increasing way, not counting ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

251 views

### weak mixing and spectral theorem

I'm trying to prove an equivalent statement about weak mixing transformations that relies on the spectral theorem, but I can't find a reference to fill in the last details. A hint for solving it or ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Singular values of $X+iY$ where $X$ and $Y$ are Hermitian

Lets have two Hermitian $n\times n$ matrices $X$ and $Y$.
Are there any known properties of the singular values of
$$Z = X + i Y.$$
I am the most interested in bounding from above a few first ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

149 views

### Inequalities between self-adjoint operators

Let $T_s$ ($s\ge0$) be a smooth family of non-negative self-adjoint operators in a separable Hilbert space $H$. Suppose that, for some $C'>C>0$, we have $T_0+Cs^2\le T_s\le T_0+C's^2$ for all ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

624 views

### analytic approximation of a non-negative matrix by a sequence of positive matrices

Let $L \in \{0,1\}^{n \times n}$ be a non-negative matrix whose row sum is 1. ($L$ stands for "limit"). It is known that there exists a unique $r \times r$ principal minor of $L$ that is a permutation ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

503 views

### Global Lichnerowicz Formula Proof (in the Kahler case)?

For a Kahler manifold $M$, let us denote its Dirac operator $\overline{\partial} + \overline{\partial}^\ast$, with respect to a metric $g$, by $D$. Moreover, let us dentoe the Levi-Civita connection ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

481 views

### Bounding sum of first singular values squared for Kronecker sum of traceless matrices

Let $A$ and $B$ be $4\times4$ traceless matrices with Hilbert-Schmidt norms summing up to $1/4$, i.e.
$$\text{Tr}\left[ A\right]=\text{Tr}\left[ B\right] = 0,\qquad\text{Tr}\left[ A^\dagger A + ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

653 views

### 0 eigenvalue for a symmetric tridiagonal matrix

Let $T\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be a symmetric tridiagonal matrix having the off--diagonal entries equal to -1. The diagonal entries are all positive, $a_i>0$, $i=\overline{1,n}$, and there ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

235 views

### Estimating spectral radius with a Gaussian vector

Suppose I'm trying to estimate the spectral radius of a square $n \times n$ matrix $A$,
and let $N$ be a distribution over Gaussian i.i.d. vectors of length $n$.
Is the following lemma true:
If the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### Spectral Properties of $A(I-A)^{-1}$

I am working with a class of matrices $A$ which are non-negative-definite, not symmetric, and have maximum eigenvalue less than 1. I am interested in the spectral properties of the matrix $H = A(I - ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

482 views

### Efficiently computing a few localized eigenvectors

Let $H = \triangle + V(x) : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$. I am interested in domain decomposition for an eigenproblem involving $H$.
The lowest 1000 eigenfunctions of $H$, $ \psi_i $, can ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

623 views

### Functions of Pseudodifferential Operators

Suppose I have a self-adjoint pseudo-differential operator $A$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and a continuous function $f$ (possibly bounded, or Schwartz, or compactly supported) on its spectrum. Then I can ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

377 views

### Is the Cheeger constant of an induced subgraph of a cube at most 1?

It is known that the
Cheeger constant
of a
hypercube graph $Q_n$
is exactly $1$, regardless of its dimension $n$. Is $1$ also an upper bound
on the Cheeger constant of nontrivial induced connected ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Spectrum of the operator PAP, with A self-adjoint and P strictly positive

Let $A$ be an unbounded self-adjoint operator with spectrum $\sigma(A)=\mathbb R$ in a Hilbert space $\mathcal H$. Let $P$ be a bounded operator in $\mathcal H$ satisfying $P\ge1$ and
$$
{\rm ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

433 views

### Traceless GUE : Four Centered Fermions

The proof of the Wigner Semicircle Law comes from studying the GUE Kernel
\[ K_N(\mu, \nu)=e^{-\frac{1}{2}(\mu^2+\nu^2)} \cdot \frac{1}{\sqrt{\pi}} \sum_{j=0}^{N-1}\frac{H_j(\lambda)H_j(\mu)}{2^j j!} ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

176 views

### Norm related to diophantine approximation?

I'm trying to read this paper:
http://www.springerlink.com/content/g0046660260825x3/
or http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.20.1813&rep=rep1&type=pdf
But I don't ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

115 views

### singular values

Hello everyone,
Are there any known conditions to ensure that the singular value of a matrix A is smaller than 1 ?
More specifically, in my case A is the product of an M-Matrix and an inverse ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### The first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space

What is the exact value of the first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space viewed as $SU(n+1)/S(U(1)\times U(n))$?

**3**

votes

**2**answers

238 views

### Analogue of PSD matrices for permanents?

Let's begin with a few observations. Suppose we consider the set of $N\times N$ matrices and consider the matrices with positive determinant. There are several connected components in this set; let ...

**21**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Can $L^{2}$ be represented as a space of functions (not equivalence classes)?

Let $X$ be the vector space of all Lebesgue-measurable functions $f:\left[a,b\right]\rightarrowℝ$ such that $\int^{b}_{a}\left|f\left(x\right)\right|^{2}dx<\infty$ (Lebesgue integral). Then we can ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

307 views

### Showing a solution of elliptic PDe is non-degenerate

Dear Mathoverflowers:
I am interested in radial positive solutions of
$-\Delta u(r) = r^\alpha u(r)^p$ in the unit ball in $ R^N$ with $ u=0$ on the boundary.
Here $p>1$ and $ \alpha >0$. ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

459 views

### Number of perturbations of the Jordan form

I am looking for information about the number of Jordan forms that can be obtained from a given Jordan form of a small perturbation.
For example, if a Jordan form consists of a single cell 2x2
...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

966 views

### Generalization of eigenvalues/vectors to modules?

What is the generalization of eigenvalues/vectors to modules?
To be specific, given a "vector" v in a module over some ring, and a linear "operator" O from the module to itself (please feel free to ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

463 views

### Is there a spectral theory approach to non-explicit Plancherel-type theorems?

Teaching graduate analysis has inspired me to think about the completeness theorem for Fourier series and the more difficult Plancherel theorem for the Fourier transform on $\mathbb{R}$. There are ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### numerically track spectrum curves of a parameter dependent linear operator

Hi, I am interested in how to numerically track spectrum curves of a parameter dependent linear operator.
Given a linear operator in square matrix form $M(t)$, where the matrix is smooth dependent of ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

506 views

### How do you solve linear systems whose solutions decay exponentially?

Consider the heat equation
$$\dot{u} = \Delta u$$
with initial conditions
$$u_0 = \delta(x)$$
for some point $x$ in the domain $\Omega$ of the problem. If $\Omega$ is $\mathbb{R}^n$, then this ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

688 views

### Generalising Gelfand's spectral theory

This is primarily a request for references and advices.
Question (edited on 10/29/2011). What's known about comprehensive
generalisations of Gelfand's spectral
theory for unital [associative] ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### Brownian particle with jump boundary condition

I would like to find a function $f(s)$, which solves the following equation:
$ \int_0^t \int_0^L f(s,x) p(t-s,x,y) dy ds = 1 $
The function $p(\tau,x,y)$ is
$p(\tau,x,y) = \sum_n e^{-\lambda_n ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

236 views

### Smooth dependence of the spectrum on the operator

I would like to know if there are theorems that state under which circumstances spectra of operator families depend smoothly on the parameter.
To clarify, suppose I have a 1-parameter family $T_h$ of ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

340 views

### Estimates for the diameter of a (nice) surface?

The Question
Let $M$ be a compact, connected, orientable surface without boundary of bounded genus smoothly embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$; define the diameter $d_M$ of $M$ as the maximum minimal ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

417 views

### Simple system of ODEs with periodic coefficients

I am stuck with a little problem that I cannot solve mith the standard methods I learn at university. I have a system of coupled ODEs:
$f'(t) = P \cos(k t + \Phi_1) g(t)$
$g'(t) = Q \cos(k t + ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

313 views

### Definition of spectral gradient

Consider this differential operator
$$
\mathcal{H}(\phi(\mathbf{x})) = -\triangle + V(\mathbf{x})H_\epsilon (\phi(\mathbf{x}))
$$
where $\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb{R}^2$, $\phi : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### Robust entropy-like measure for analyzing uncertainity

I'm looking for a measure to analysis the uncertainty observed in a set of variables (with multivariate Gaussian distribution). So, I've tried conventional Shanon entropy (differential entropy) which ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

1k views

### Diagonalization of a matrix of differential operators

Dear community,
i have a question regarding differential operators acting on vector valued functions and how to "diagonalize" them.
To explain my question i will use an example:
Let $V^k$ be the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

822 views

### How to construct a scalar differential operator having the same spectrum as a non-scalar differential operator exploiting symmetries?

I am interested in eigenvalue problems for differential operators acting on one forms on closed two-dimensional manifolds and how they relate to eigenvalue problems of associated operators acting on ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

646 views

### Literature on behaviour of eigenfunctions under multiplication?

Dear community,
I would be happy about any literature or comments on the behaviour of the pointwise product of eigenfunctions of a self-adjoint operator with discrete spectrum, acting on a separable ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

400 views

### Spectral theory of real symmetric matrices with random diagonal elements

Can you point me in the direction of any research done on the spectral theory (i.e. eigenvalues and eigenvectors) of real symmetric matrices with random (Gaussian or Levy) diagonal elements and fixed ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

181 views

### Joint Convexity of Spectral functions of several matrices

$\{A_1 \ldots A_K \}$ is a set of matrices in $\mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$. Let $f (A_1,\ldots,A_K)$ be a function of the singular values of all matrices. For e.g., $f$ is just summation of singular ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

536 views

### Comparision of cubic hermite finite element and cubic B-spline finite element (in condition nunmbers of stiffness matrix, or sth else)

Background
Consider the one dimensional second order elliptic PDE,
$$
\left\{\!\!
\begin{aligned}
& -(a(x)u'(x))'+b(x)u(x)=f(x)\qquad x\in[0,1]\\
& u(0)=u(1)=0
\end{aligned}
...