Schrodinger operators, operators on manifolds, general differential operators, numerical studies, integral operators, discrete models, resonances, non-self-adjoint operators, random operators/matrices

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242 views

weak mixing and spectral theorem

I'm trying to prove an equivalent statement about weak mixing transformations that relies on the spectral theorem, but I can't find a reference to fill in the last details. A hint for solving it or ...
7
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1answer
195 views

Singular values of $X+iY$ where $X$ and $Y$ are Hermitian

Lets have two Hermitian $n\times n$ matrices $X$ and $Y$. Are there any known properties of the singular values of $$Z = X + i Y.$$ I am the most interested in bounding from above a few first ...
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0answers
148 views

Inequalities between self-adjoint operators

Let $T_s$ ($s\ge0$) be a smooth family of non-negative self-adjoint operators in a separable Hilbert space $H$. Suppose that, for some $C'>C>0$, we have $T_0+Cs^2\le T_s\le T_0+C's^2$ for all ...
6
votes
2answers
623 views

analytic approximation of a non-negative matrix by a sequence of positive matrices

Let $L \in \{0,1\}^{n \times n}$ be a non-negative matrix whose row sum is 1. ($L$ stands for "limit"). It is known that there exists a unique $r \times r$ principal minor of $L$ that is a permutation ...
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1answer
494 views

Global Lichnerowicz Formula Proof (in the Kahler case)?

For a Kahler manifold $M$, let us denote its Dirac operator $\overline{\partial} + \overline{\partial}^\ast$, with respect to a metric $g$, by $D$. Moreover, let us dentoe the Levi-Civita connection ...
8
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476 views

Bounding sum of first singular values squared for Kronecker sum of traceless matrices

Let $A$ and $B$ be $4\times4$ traceless matrices with Hilbert-Schmidt norms summing up to $1/4$, i.e. $$\text{Tr}\left[ A\right]=\text{Tr}\left[ B\right] = 0,\qquad\text{Tr}\left[ A^\dagger A + ...
7
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1answer
632 views

0 eigenvalue for a symmetric tridiagonal matrix

Let $T\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be a symmetric tridiagonal matrix having the off--diagonal entries equal to -1. The diagonal entries are all positive, $a_i>0$, $i=\overline{1,n}$, and there ...
3
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1answer
234 views

Estimating spectral radius with a Gaussian vector

Suppose I'm trying to estimate the spectral radius of a square $n \times n$ matrix $A$, and let $N$ be a distribution over Gaussian i.i.d. vectors of length $n$. Is the following lemma true: If the ...
4
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1answer
261 views

Spectral Properties of $A(I-A)^{-1}$

I am working with a class of matrices $A$ which are non-negative-definite, not symmetric, and have maximum eigenvalue less than 1. I am interested in the spectral properties of the matrix $H = A(I - ...
8
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2answers
477 views

Efficiently computing a few localized eigenvectors

Let $H = \triangle + V(x) : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$. I am interested in domain decomposition for an eigenproblem involving $H$. The lowest 1000 eigenfunctions of $H$, $ \psi_i $, can ...
8
votes
3answers
603 views

Functions of Pseudodifferential Operators

Suppose I have a self-adjoint pseudo-differential operator $A$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and a continuous function $f$ (possibly bounded, or Schwartz, or compactly supported) on its spectrum. Then I can ...
7
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1answer
371 views

Is the Cheeger constant of an induced subgraph of a cube at most 1?

It is known that the Cheeger constant of a hypercube graph $Q_n$ is exactly $1$, regardless of its dimension $n$. Is $1$ also an upper bound on the Cheeger constant of nontrivial induced connected ...
0
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1answer
203 views

Spectrum of the operator PAP, with A self-adjoint and P strictly positive

Let $A$ be an unbounded self-adjoint operator with spectrum $\sigma(A)=\mathbb R$ in a Hilbert space $\mathcal H$. Let $P$ be a bounded operator in $\mathcal H$ satisfying $P\ge1$ and $$ {\rm ...
5
votes
3answers
430 views

Traceless GUE : Four Centered Fermions

The proof of the Wigner Semicircle Law comes from studying the GUE Kernel \[ K_N(\mu, \nu)=e^{-\frac{1}{2}(\mu^2+\nu^2)} \cdot \frac{1}{\sqrt{\pi}} \sum_{j=0}^{N-1}\frac{H_j(\lambda)H_j(\mu)}{2^j j!} ...
1
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0answers
174 views

Norm related to diophantine approximation?

I'm trying to read this paper: http://www.springerlink.com/content/g0046660260825x3/ or http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.20.1813&rep=rep1&type=pdf But I don't ...
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0answers
115 views

singular values

Hello everyone, Are there any known conditions to ensure that the singular value of a matrix A is smaller than 1 ? More specifically, in my case A is the product of an M-Matrix and an inverse ...
9
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3answers
1k views

The first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space

What is the exact value of the first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space viewed as $SU(n+1)/S(U(1)\times U(n))$?
3
votes
2answers
237 views

Analogue of PSD matrices for permanents?

Let's begin with a few observations. Suppose we consider the set of $N\times N$ matrices and consider the matrices with positive determinant. There are several connected components in this set; let ...
21
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4answers
1k views

Can $L^{2}$ be represented as a space of functions (not equivalence classes)?

Let $X$ be the vector space of all Lebesgue-measurable functions $f:\left[a,b\right]\rightarrowℝ$ such that $\int^{b}_{a}\left|f\left(x\right)\right|^{2}dx<\infty$ (Lebesgue integral). Then we can ...
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2answers
303 views

Showing a solution of elliptic PDe is non-degenerate

Dear Mathoverflowers: I am interested in radial positive solutions of $-\Delta u(r) = r^\alpha u(r)^p$ in the unit ball in $ R^N$ with $ u=0$ on the boundary. Here $p>1$ and $ \alpha >0$. ...
3
votes
2answers
457 views

Number of perturbations of the Jordan form

I am looking for information about the number of Jordan forms that can be obtained from a given Jordan form of a small perturbation. For example, if a Jordan form consists of a single cell 2x2 ...
1
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3answers
945 views

Generalization of eigenvalues/vectors to modules?

What is the generalization of eigenvalues/vectors to modules? To be specific, given a "vector" v in a module over some ring, and a linear "operator" O from the module to itself (please feel free to ...
14
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2answers
458 views

Is there a spectral theory approach to non-explicit Plancherel-type theorems?

Teaching graduate analysis has inspired me to think about the completeness theorem for Fourier series and the more difficult Plancherel theorem for the Fourier transform on $\mathbb{R}$. There are ...
6
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1answer
162 views

numerically track spectrum curves of a parameter dependent linear operator

Hi, I am interested in how to numerically track spectrum curves of a parameter dependent linear operator. Given a linear operator in square matrix form $M(t)$, where the matrix is smooth dependent of ...
4
votes
2answers
503 views

How do you solve linear systems whose solutions decay exponentially?

Consider the heat equation $$\dot{u} = \Delta u$$ with initial conditions $$u_0 = \delta(x)$$ for some point $x$ in the domain $\Omega$ of the problem. If $\Omega$ is $\mathbb{R}^n$, then this ...
5
votes
1answer
678 views

Generalising Gelfand's spectral theory

This is primarily a request for references and advices. Question (edited on 10/29/2011). What's known about comprehensive generalisations of Gelfand's spectral theory for unital [associative] ...
6
votes
1answer
186 views

Brownian particle with jump boundary condition

I would like to find a function $f(s)$, which solves the following equation: $ \int_0^t \int_0^L f(s,x) p(t-s,x,y) dy ds = 1 $ The function $p(\tau,x,y)$ is $p(\tau,x,y) = \sum_n e^{-\lambda_n ...
2
votes
2answers
235 views

Smooth dependence of the spectrum on the operator

I would like to know if there are theorems that state under which circumstances spectra of operator families depend smoothly on the parameter. To clarify, suppose I have a 1-parameter family $T_h$ of ...
3
votes
3answers
339 views

Estimates for the diameter of a (nice) surface?

The Question Let $M$ be a compact, connected, orientable surface without boundary of bounded genus smoothly embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$; define the diameter $d_M$ of $M$ as the maximum minimal ...
0
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1answer
409 views

Simple system of ODEs with periodic coefficients

I am stuck with a little problem that I cannot solve mith the standard methods I learn at university. I have a system of coupled ODEs: $f'(t) = P \cos(k t + \Phi_1) g(t)$ $g'(t) = Q \cos(k t + ...
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0answers
311 views

Definition of spectral gradient

Consider this differential operator $$ \mathcal{H}(\phi(\mathbf{x})) = -\triangle + V(\mathbf{x})H_\epsilon (\phi(\mathbf{x})) $$ where $\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb{R}^2$, $\phi : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow ...
0
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1answer
299 views

Robust entropy-like measure for analyzing uncertainity

I'm looking for a measure to analysis the uncertainty observed in a set of variables (with multivariate Gaussian distribution). So, I've tried conventional Shanon entropy (differential entropy) which ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Diagonalization of a matrix of differential operators

Dear community, i have a question regarding differential operators acting on vector valued functions and how to "diagonalize" them. To explain my question i will use an example: Let $V^k$ be the ...
5
votes
1answer
813 views

How to construct a scalar differential operator having the same spectrum as a non-scalar differential operator exploiting symmetries?

I am interested in eigenvalue problems for differential operators acting on one forms on closed two-dimensional manifolds and how they relate to eigenvalue problems of associated operators acting on ...
5
votes
2answers
643 views

Literature on behaviour of eigenfunctions under multiplication?

Dear community, I would be happy about any literature or comments on the behaviour of the pointwise product of eigenfunctions of a self-adjoint operator with discrete spectrum, acting on a separable ...
0
votes
1answer
397 views

Spectral theory of real symmetric matrices with random diagonal elements

Can you point me in the direction of any research done on the spectral theory (i.e. eigenvalues and eigenvectors) of real symmetric matrices with random (Gaussian or Levy) diagonal elements and fixed ...
1
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0answers
181 views

Joint Convexity of Spectral functions of several matrices

$\{A_1 \ldots A_K \}$ is a set of matrices in $\mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$. Let $f (A_1,\ldots,A_K)$ be a function of the singular values of all matrices. For e.g., $f$ is just summation of singular ...
2
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0answers
503 views

Comparision of cubic hermite finite element and cubic B-spline finite element (in condition nunmbers of stiffness matrix, or sth else)

Background Consider the one dimensional second order elliptic PDE, $$ \left\{\!\! \begin{aligned} & -(a(x)u'(x))'+b(x)u(x)=f(x)\qquad x\in[0,1]\\ & u(0)=u(1)=0 \end{aligned} ...
2
votes
2answers
788 views

Perturbative solution to an Eigenvalue Problem with a continuous spectrum

I am trying to find an approximate solution to an eigenvalue equation using techniques from perturbation theory. Roughly speaking, the problem is as follows $L^s \phi_q^s = \lambda_q^s \phi_q^s$ ...
4
votes
1answer
627 views

What does $L^\infty_\varepsilon$ mean?

In Volume 4 of Reed and Simon on page 83 the authors refer to the space $(L^\infty(\mathbb{R}^3))_\varepsilon$, and later on page 119 they use $L^\\infty_\varepsilon$. Are these two spaces the same? ...
4
votes
1answer
564 views

Multiplicity of eigenvalues of the Laplacian on quaternionic projective space

Using the classic spherical harmonics theory, one obtains the $k$-th eigenvalue of the $n$-dimensional round sphere $S^n$ to be $k(k+n-1)$, and its multiplicity is $\binom{n+k}{k}-\binom{n+k-1}{k-1}$, ...
6
votes
2answers
953 views

What is the relationship amongst all the different kinds of spectra?

The word "spectrum" gets tossed around a lot in mathematics, and there seem to be a number of different concepts to which it applies. There is of course a physical connotation to the word which is ...
0
votes
1answer
854 views

laplacian for metrics on $S^n$

It is true that the restiction of the Laplace operator on $\mathbb R^n$ to functions on the sphere is the Laplacian for the round metric on the sphere. Is this true for any Riemannian metric $g$ on ...
5
votes
1answer
723 views

Growth of Laplacian eigenvalues on a compact domain?

Let $\mathcal{M}$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and let $\Delta$ be the (scalar) Laplace-Beltrami operator on $\\mathcal{M}$. Then $\Delta$ has a discrete spectrum and if we order its distinct ...
7
votes
1answer
853 views

First eigenvalue of the Laplacian on Berger spheres

Consider the Hopf fibrations $S^1\to S^{2n+1}\to CP^n$ and $S^3\to S^{4n+3}\to HP^n$. These are Riemannian submersions with totally geodesic fibers. Consider now their canonical variations (the ...
4
votes
3answers
819 views

Homogeneous linear differential equation system with simple periodical coefficient matrix

Hello, I encountered the following system of linear first-order differential equations: $y'(z)=A(z) y(z)$ where $y(z): R \rightarrow R^2$ and $A(z)=\begin{pmatrix} 0 & B Cos(\alpha z + \Phi_b) ...
13
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4answers
1k views

High multiplicity eigenvalue implies symmetry?

It is well known that on any compact Riemannian symmetric space $X$, the eigenvalues of the Laplacian have very high multiplicity (comparable with the Weyl bound), and the resulting actions ...
7
votes
2answers
394 views

Symmetric spaces, Horocycle spaces and intertwining operators

Let $G=KAN$ be an Iwasawa decomposition of a connected semisimple Lie group with finite center. Let us assume for simplicity that the associated symmetric space $G/K$ has rank 1. Harish-Chandras ...
2
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1answer
528 views

spectra of sums in (Banach) algebras

A similar question was already asked in question titled "Spectra of sums and products in (Banach) algebras [was: Spectrum in Banach Algebra]". Answer there led me to the following question. If for ...
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1answer
294 views

Can be this operator extended to an unbounded self-adjoint operator ?

Consider an enumeration $\{q_1,q_2,\ldots\}$ of $\mathbb{Q}\cap [1,\infty)$ and a orthogonal Schauder basis $\{e_1,e_2,\ldots\}$ of $\ell^2(\mathbb{N})$. Define $Ae_{2k-1}=e_{2k-1}$ and ...