Schrodinger operators, operators on manifolds, general differential operators, numerical studies, integral operators, discrete models, resonances, non-self-adjoint operators, random operators/matrices

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4
votes
1answer
192 views

Well defined Tensoring of spectral triples

Hi, I have a misunderstanding that I am hoping is really quite trivial. I will give my question directly and context below for those that need/want it. Question: In connes standard model he takes ...
6
votes
4answers
2k views

Eigenvalues of infinite matrices [closed]

I am trying to find some literature on infinite matrices because I want to know how to get the eigenvalues of infinite matrices. Seriously, it seems there are very few references available. Can ...
3
votes
1answer
170 views

Avalanche Principle for higher dimensional unimodular matrices ?

Hello everyone, I have a quick question for people working on quasi-periodic Schrodinger operators, Lyapunov exponents for Schrodinger cocycles or in other fields that might make them aware of this ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Decay rate of Discrete Prolate Spheroidal Sequences in frequency

What is the decay rate of DPSS sequences in frequency? Consider an interval $T\subset\mathbb{Z}$ of length N in time. Consider another interval $[-W,W]$ in frequency with $W<1/2$. Let $\phi_0$ ...
1
vote
0answers
141 views

Distance between probability amplitude functions

Suppose we have two probability measures $P_1$ and $P_2$ on some Riemannian manifold $(\Sigma,g)$. There are many potential distance measures between $P_1$ and $P_2$: The Wasserstein distance For ...
1
vote
0answers
134 views

Weyl quantization and convexity

Let $C$ be a convex subset of $\mathbb R^{2n}$ and $\mathbf 1_C$ be the characteristic function of $C$. Is it true that $$\forall u\in\mathscr S(\mathbb R^n),\quad \langle\mathbf ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Weyl asymptotics vs. form perturbations

Consider Hilbert spaces $V$,$H$; a closed quadratic form $a$ with domain $V$; and its associated operator $A$ on $H$. (If necessary, the form can be assumed to be coercive.) For the sake of ...
1
vote
1answer
231 views

Fourier inversion formula for complex-valued random variables?

The characteristic function of a complex-valued random variable $X$ with pdf $\mu$ is given by $$ \phi(t) = \int \exp[i \Re(\bar{t} X)] \; d\mu $$ (or, so says Wikipedia). How does one recover the ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Morse index and permutation of diagonal entries of a symmetric matrix

Do there exist results concerning preservation or not of the Morse index of a symmetric matrix $A$, after permuting its diagonal entries, and keeping fixed the off--diagonal ones? Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
131 views

LSI for Gaussian measure in $({\mathbb{R}^d})^{\mathbb{Z}^d}$

I am looking for a reference: Does Gaussian measure satisfy Logarithmic Sobolev Inequality (LSI) in $\({\mathbb{R}^d}\)^{\mathbb{Z}^d}$. Thanks.
1
vote
0answers
155 views

Banach Algebras and the peripheral spectrum

Here is a little theorem that I'm trying to prove. I haven't seen it in literature before, but I think the applications will be quite useful, particularly in the context of Banach algebras. Denote ...
5
votes
3answers
607 views

Why do we distinguish the continuous spectrum and the residual spectrum?

As we know, continuous spectrum and residual spectrum are two cases in the spectrum of an operator, which only appear in infinite dimension. If $T$ is a operator from Banach space $X$ to $X$, $aI-T$ ...
3
votes
1answer
272 views

Weyl law for SL(2,C)

Are there any estimates for the eigenvalues of the Laplace operator for $\Gamma \backslash SL(2, \mathbb{C})/SU(2)$ known beyond the main term? Here, $\Gamma$ should be congruence subgroup in ...
6
votes
3answers
479 views

Multiplicity one conjecture

I recently became interested in Maass cusp forms and heared people mentioning a "multiplicity one conjecture". As far as I understood it, it says that the dimension of the space of Maass cusp form for ...
1
vote
1answer
638 views

Some Functional Analysis Questions (Laplace Operator And Fourier Transform)

Given a set of the k first eigenvalues $ (\lambda_i)_ 1 ^k $ of some operator , and a set of the first k orthomormal eigenfunctions for these eigenvalues : $ ( \phi_i ) $ . Define: $ \Phi(x,y) = ...
2
votes
2answers
469 views

prove that flat shape maximizes a functional

The following functional arises in an information theoretic problem that I work on currently. $I(G(\omega)) = \int_{-\kappa\pi}^{\kappa\pi} \frac{A}{G(\omega)+A}d\omega-\frac{| ...
4
votes
2answers
650 views

Sum of two essentially self-adjoint operators

Hi, I hope this question will make more sense than the one I posted yesterday. I have two operators $p$ and $q$ which are essentially self-adjoint on a common domain $D$. Now I define $A = c_1 p + ...
5
votes
3answers
441 views

Has the largest-to-rest eigenvalue ratio of real symmetric matrices been researched before?

I'm investigating the eigenvalue ratios $$ \frac{\lambda_1}{\sum_{j=2}^N\lambda_j} \quad\mbox{and}\quad \frac{\sum_{j=1}^N\lambda_j}{\sum_{j=2}^N\lambda_j} $$ of the NxN matrix $B=AA^T$. $\lambda_1$ ...
2
votes
0answers
233 views

Eigen-decomposition perturbation

Let $A$, $B$ and $A_k + B$ be symmetric matrices with eigenvalues $\sigma_1 \geq \sigma_2 \ldots \geq \sigma_n$, $\rho_1 \geq \rho_2 \ldots \geq \rho_n$ and $\lambda_1 \geq \lambda_2 \ldots \geq ...
4
votes
1answer
312 views

Spectrum of $L^\infty(X,\mu)$

Suppose that $(X,\Sigma,\mu)$ is a measured set with respect to $\sigma$-algebra $\Sigma$. Suppose that $L^\infty(X,\mu)$ is the set of all $\mu$-equal bounded $\Sigma$-measurable functions on $X$. ...
6
votes
3answers
173 views

Stability of the spectrum for perturbations of the boundary

Consider the Laplace operator on a smooth bounded open set with Dirichlet boundary conditions. I need some result of the following type: if one perturbs the boundary in a suitable sense to be ...
1
vote
0answers
116 views

showing convergence of a function recursion relation

I have obtained (formally) a perturbative solution $$ H(y) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \delta^n H_n(y) $$ to the following integro-differential equation ($\delta$ is a small constant, $\nu$ is a L\'evy ...
5
votes
1answer
359 views

About the quantum spectrum of a certain potential.

Intuitively one understands that if one is solving the Schroedinger's equation for energies $E$ such that $\{ x \vert U(x)\leq E \}$ is compact (..is there a weaker criteria?..) then the spectrum ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

Minimum off-diagonal elements of a matrix with fixed eigenvalues

Hello, I am en engineer working in radar research. I came accross a problem I cannot seem to find math literature on it. I can ask it in two different ways. Perhaps depending on the reader, the ...
12
votes
1answer
1k views

Relationship between Green's function and geodesic distance?

I am interested in showing that a certain Green's function can be used to approximate the distance function on a Riemannian manifold in the following sense. Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Generalizing the spectral radius of a unistochastic matrix

Consider a square matrix $A$, and from it construct $B$ whose entries are the squared magnitudes of those in $A$. What can we say about the spectral radius of $B$? I know that for a unitary matrix ...
1
vote
2answers
368 views

Lebesgue integral with respect to vector measures?

Good evening, I'm reading some papers of Jim Agler and Nicholas Young, in which they prove a formula of integral representation with respect to a vector measure, but the integration is in the sense ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What is a good reference that compact resolvent implies Fredholm operator?

Suppose $A \in \mathcal{L}(E_1, E_0)$ is a bounded linear operator between Banach spaces $E_1$ and $E_0$, and we also have that $E_1$ is densely, continuously embedded in $E_0$ (i.e. $A$ can be ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Interesting relationships between Cholesky decomposition and diagonalization

Let $\Sigma$ be a hermitian positive definite matrix and $L$ be it's Cholesky decomposition so that $LL^\ast=\Sigma$. Furthermore, let's diagonalize $\Sigma$ as $\Sigma = P\Lambda P^\ast$. $\Lambda$ ...
1
vote
0answers
223 views

Matrix conditions under which spectral radius is smaller than 1?

Hello everyone, I would like to find out which conditions are necessary so that the spectral radius $\rho(M)<1$ where $M$ represents the following matrix: $M = \left( \begin{array}{ccc} W & 0 ...
4
votes
3answers
219 views

Conditions ensuring an order betweenthe smallest eigenvalues of two positive definite Jacobi matrices

Let $J, L$ be two symmetric positive definite tridiagonal matrices of positive diagonal entries, $\mbox{diag}(J)=(a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_n)$, $\mbox{diag}(L)=(\alpha_1, \alpha_2, \ldots, \alpha_n)$, ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

Given the Fourier coefficient moduli, how to choose the phases to have integer components?

Take $n\geq 1$, and let $c_1,...,c_n$ be $n$ non-negative numbers. For every $\phi_1,...,\phi_n$, the formulae $$v_k=\sum_{j=1}^n c_k \omega^{jk+\phi_k}$$ define a vector $v\in \mathbb{R}^n$, where ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Searching for inequalities relating a convolution-type integral of functions of modulus less than but close to one.

Suppose $f(x,y)$ and $g(x,y)$ are both measurable functions from $[0,1]\times[0,1]\to \mathbb{C}$ with $|f|,|g|<1$, and let $h(x,y)=\int_{0}^1 f(x,z)g(z,y) \ dz$. (So $|h(x,y)|<1$ also.) ...
2
votes
2answers
557 views

Exotic spectrum of Laplace operator

Given a closed Riemannian manifold and a generalized Laplace $\Delta$ operator, it is well known that $\Delta$ has discrete spectrum $(\lambda_n)_n$ (arranged in a increasing way, not counting ...
1
vote
0answers
237 views

weak mixing and spectral theorem

I'm trying to prove an equivalent statement about weak mixing transformations that relies on the spectral theorem, but I can't find a reference to fill in the last details. A hint for solving it or ...
7
votes
1answer
194 views

Singular values of $X+iY$ where $X$ and $Y$ are Hermitian

Lets have two Hermitian $n\times n$ matrices $X$ and $Y$. Are there any known properties of the singular values of $$Z = X + i Y.$$ I am the most interested in bounding from above a few first ...
1
vote
0answers
148 views

Inequalities between self-adjoint operators

Let $T_s$ ($s\ge0$) be a smooth family of non-negative self-adjoint operators in a separable Hilbert space $H$. Suppose that, for some $C'>C>0$, we have $T_0+Cs^2\le T_s\le T_0+C's^2$ for all ...
6
votes
2answers
619 views

analytic approximation of a non-negative matrix by a sequence of positive matrices

Let $L \in \{0,1\}^{n \times n}$ be a non-negative matrix whose row sum is 1. ($L$ stands for "limit"). It is known that there exists a unique $r \times r$ principal minor of $L$ that is a permutation ...
2
votes
1answer
473 views

Global Lichnerowicz Formula Proof (in the Kahler case)?

For a Kahler manifold $M$, let us denote its Dirac operator $\overline{\partial} + \overline{\partial}^\ast$, with respect to a metric $g$, by $D$. Moreover, let us dentoe the Levi-Civita connection ...
8
votes
0answers
463 views

Bounding sum of first singular values squared for Kronecker sum of traceless matrices

Let $A$ and $B$ be $4\times4$ traceless matrices with Hilbert-Schmidt norms summing up to $1/4$, i.e. $$\text{Tr}\left[ A\right]=\text{Tr}\left[ B\right] = 0,\qquad\text{Tr}\left[ A^\dagger A + ...
6
votes
1answer
604 views

0 eigenvalue for a symmetric tridiagonal matrix

Let $T\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be a symmetric tridiagonal matrix having the off--diagonal entries equal to -1. The diagonal entries are all positive, $a_i>0$, $i=\overline{1,n}$, and there ...
3
votes
1answer
231 views

Estimating spectral radius with a Gaussian vector

Suppose I'm trying to estimate the spectral radius of a square $n \times n$ matrix $A$, and let $N$ be a distribution over Gaussian i.i.d. vectors of length $n$. Is the following lemma true: If the ...
4
votes
1answer
260 views

Spectral Properties of $A(I-A)^{-1}$

I am working with a class of matrices $A$ which are non-negative-definite, not symmetric, and have maximum eigenvalue less than 1. I am interested in the spectral properties of the matrix $H = A(I - ...
8
votes
2answers
476 views

Efficiently computing a few localized eigenvectors

Let $H = \triangle + V(x) : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$. I am interested in domain decomposition for an eigenproblem involving $H$. The lowest 1000 eigenfunctions of $H$, $ \psi_i $, can ...
8
votes
3answers
587 views

Functions of Pseudodifferential Operators

Suppose I have a self-adjoint pseudo-differential operator $A$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and a continuous function $f$ (possibly bounded, or Schwartz, or compactly supported) on its spectrum. Then I can ...
7
votes
1answer
361 views

Is the Cheeger constant of an induced subgraph of a cube at most 1?

It is known that the Cheeger constant of a hypercube graph $Q_n$ is exactly $1$, regardless of its dimension $n$. Is $1$ also an upper bound on the Cheeger constant of nontrivial induced connected ...
0
votes
1answer
202 views

Spectrum of the operator PAP, with A self-adjoint and P strictly positive

Let $A$ be an unbounded self-adjoint operator with spectrum $\sigma(A)=\mathbb R$ in a Hilbert space $\mathcal H$. Let $P$ be a bounded operator in $\mathcal H$ satisfying $P\ge1$ and $$ {\rm ...
5
votes
3answers
427 views

Traceless GUE : Four Centered Fermions

The proof of the Wigner Semicircle Law comes from studying the GUE Kernel \[ K_N(\mu, \nu)=e^{-\frac{1}{2}(\mu^2+\nu^2)} \cdot \frac{1}{\sqrt{\pi}} \sum_{j=0}^{N-1}\frac{H_j(\lambda)H_j(\mu)}{2^j j!} ...
1
vote
0answers
173 views

Norm related to diophantine approximation?

I'm trying to read this paper: http://www.springerlink.com/content/g0046660260825x3/ or http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.20.1813&rep=rep1&type=pdf But I don't ...
0
votes
0answers
114 views

singular values

Hello everyone, Are there any known conditions to ensure that the singular value of a matrix A is smaller than 1 ? More specifically, in my case A is the product of an M-Matrix and an inverse ...