Schrodinger operators, operators on manifolds, general differential operators, numerical studies, integral operators, discrete models, resonances, non-self-adjoint operators, random operators/matrices

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3
votes
2answers
619 views

Sum of two essentially self-adjoint operators

Hi, I hope this question will make more sense than the one I posted yesterday. I have two operators $p$ and $q$ which are essentially self-adjoint on a common domain $D$. Now I define $A = c_1 p + ...
5
votes
3answers
426 views

Has the largest-to-rest eigenvalue ratio of real symmetric matrices been researched before?

I'm investigating the eigenvalue ratios $$ \frac{\lambda_1}{\sum_{j=2}^N\lambda_j} \quad\mbox{and}\quad \frac{\sum_{j=1}^N\lambda_j}{\sum_{j=2}^N\lambda_j} $$ of the NxN matrix $B=AA^T$. $\lambda_1$ ...
2
votes
0answers
230 views

Eigen-decomposition perturbation

Let $A$, $B$ and $A_k + B$ be symmetric matrices with eigenvalues $\sigma_1 \geq \sigma_2 \ldots \geq \sigma_n$, $\rho_1 \geq \rho_2 \ldots \geq \rho_n$ and $\lambda_1 \geq \lambda_2 \ldots \geq ...
4
votes
1answer
293 views

Spectrum of $L^\infty(X,\mu)$

Suppose that $(X,\Sigma,\mu)$ is a measured set with respect to $\sigma$-algebra $\Sigma$. Suppose that $L^\infty(X,\mu)$ is the set of all $\mu$-equal bounded $\Sigma$-measurable functions on $X$. ...
6
votes
3answers
170 views

Stability of the spectrum for perturbations of the boundary

Consider the Laplace operator on a smooth bounded open set with Dirichlet boundary conditions. I need some result of the following type: if one perturbs the boundary in a suitable sense to be ...
1
vote
0answers
116 views

showing convergence of a function recursion relation

I have obtained (formally) a perturbative solution $$ H(y) = \sum_{n=0}^\infty \delta^n H_n(y) $$ to the following integro-differential equation ($\delta$ is a small constant, $\nu$ is a L\'evy ...
5
votes
1answer
358 views

About the quantum spectrum of a certain potential.

Intuitively one understands that if one is solving the Schroedinger's equation for energies $E$ such that $\{ x \vert U(x)\leq E \}$ is compact (..is there a weaker criteria?..) then the spectrum ...
13
votes
2answers
973 views

Minimum off-diagonal elements of a matrix with fixed eigenvalues

Hello, I am en engineer working in radar research. I came accross a problem I cannot seem to find math literature on it. I can ask it in two different ways. Perhaps depending on the reader, the ...
11
votes
1answer
963 views

Relationship between Green's function and geodesic distance?

I am interested in showing that a certain Green's function can be used to approximate the distance function on a Riemannian manifold in the following sense. Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

Generalizing the spectral radius of a unistochastic matrix

Consider a square matrix $A$, and from it construct $B$ whose entries are the squared magnitudes of those in $A$. What can we say about the spectral radius of $B$? I know that for a unitary matrix ...
1
vote
2answers
357 views

Lebesgue integral with respect to vector measures?

Good evening, I'm reading some papers of Jim Agler and Nicholas Young, in which they prove a formula of integral representation with respect to a vector measure, but the integration is in the sense ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

What is a good reference that compact resolvent implies Fredholm operator?

Suppose $A \in \mathcal{L}(E_1, E_0)$ is a bounded linear operator between Banach spaces $E_1$ and $E_0$, and we also have that $E_1$ is densely, continuously embedded in $E_0$ (i.e. $A$ can be ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Interesting relationships between Cholesky decomposition and diagonalization

Let $\Sigma$ be a hermitian positive definite matrix and $L$ be it's Cholesky decomposition so that $LL^\ast=\Sigma$. Furthermore, let's diagonalize $\Sigma$ as $\Sigma = P\Lambda P^\ast$. $\Lambda$ ...
1
vote
0answers
221 views

Matrix conditions under which spectral radius is smaller than 1?

Hello everyone, I would like to find out which conditions are necessary so that the spectral radius $\rho(M)<1$ where $M$ represents the following matrix: $M = \left( \begin{array}{ccc} W & 0 ...
4
votes
3answers
219 views

Conditions ensuring an order betweenthe smallest eigenvalues of two positive definite Jacobi matrices

Let $J, L$ be two symmetric positive definite tridiagonal matrices of positive diagonal entries, $\mbox{diag}(J)=(a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_n)$, $\mbox{diag}(L)=(\alpha_1, \alpha_2, \ldots, \alpha_n)$, ...
1
vote
0answers
78 views

Given the Fourier coefficient moduli, how to choose the phases to have integer components?

Take $n\geq 1$, and let $c_1,...,c_n$ be $n$ non-negative numbers. For every $\phi_1,...,\phi_n$, the formulae $$v_k=\sum_{j=1}^n c_k \omega^{jk+\phi_k}$$ define a vector $v\in \mathbb{R}^n$, where ...
2
votes
0answers
78 views

Searching for inequalities relating a convolution-type integral of functions of modulus less than but close to one.

Suppose $f(x,y)$ and $g(x,y)$ are both measurable functions from $[0,1]\times[0,1]\to \mathbb{C}$ with $|f|,|g|<1$, and let $h(x,y)=\int_{0}^1 f(x,z)g(z,y) \ dz$. (So $|h(x,y)|<1$ also.) ...
2
votes
2answers
553 views

Exotic spectrum of Laplace operator

Given a closed Riemannian manifold and a generalized Laplace $\Delta$ operator, it is well known that $\Delta$ has discrete spectrum $(\lambda_n)_n$ (arranged in a increasing way, not counting ...
1
vote
0answers
229 views

weak mixing and spectral theorem

I'm trying to prove an equivalent statement about weak mixing transformations that relies on the spectral theorem, but I can't find a reference to fill in the last details. A hint for solving it or ...
7
votes
1answer
194 views

Singular values of $X+iY$ where $X$ and $Y$ are Hermitian

Lets have two Hermitian $n\times n$ matrices $X$ and $Y$. Are there any known properties of the singular values of $$Z = X + i Y.$$ I am the most interested in bounding from above a few first ...
1
vote
0answers
147 views

Inequalities between self-adjoint operators

Let $T_s$ ($s\ge0$) be a smooth family of non-negative self-adjoint operators in a separable Hilbert space $H$. Suppose that, for some $C'>C>0$, we have $T_0+Cs^2\le T_s\le T_0+C's^2$ for all ...
6
votes
2answers
618 views

analytic approximation of a non-negative matrix by a sequence of positive matrices

Let $L \in \{0,1\}^{n \times n}$ be a non-negative matrix whose row sum is 1. ($L$ stands for "limit"). It is known that there exists a unique $r \times r$ principal minor of $L$ that is a permutation ...
2
votes
1answer
460 views

Global Lichnerowicz Formula Proof (in the Kahler case)?

For a Kahler manifold $M$, let us denote its Dirac operator $\overline{\partial} + \overline{\partial}^\ast$, with respect to a metric $g$, by $D$. Moreover, let us dentoe the Levi-Civita connection ...
8
votes
0answers
456 views

Bounding sum of first singular values squared for Kronecker sum of traceless matrices

Let $A$ and $B$ be $4\times4$ traceless matrices with Hilbert-Schmidt norms summing up to $1/4$, i.e. $$\text{Tr}\left[ A\right]=\text{Tr}\left[ B\right] = 0,\qquad\text{Tr}\left[ A^\dagger A + ...
6
votes
1answer
584 views

0 eigenvalue for a symmetric tridiagonal matrix

Let $T\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ be a symmetric tridiagonal matrix having the off--diagonal entries equal to -1. The diagonal entries are all positive, $a_i>0$, $i=\overline{1,n}$, and there ...
3
votes
1answer
227 views

Estimating spectral radius with a Gaussian vector

Suppose I'm trying to estimate the spectral radius of a square $n \times n$ matrix $A$, and let $N$ be a distribution over Gaussian i.i.d. vectors of length $n$. Is the following lemma true: If the ...
4
votes
1answer
257 views

Spectral Properties of $A(I-A)^{-1}$

I am working with a class of matrices $A$ which are non-negative-definite, not symmetric, and have maximum eigenvalue less than 1. I am interested in the spectral properties of the matrix $H = A(I - ...
8
votes
2answers
473 views

Efficiently computing a few localized eigenvectors

Let $H = \triangle + V(x) : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$. I am interested in domain decomposition for an eigenproblem involving $H$. The lowest 1000 eigenfunctions of $H$, $ \psi_i $, can ...
8
votes
3answers
565 views

Functions of Pseudodifferential Operators

Suppose I have a self-adjoint pseudo-differential operator $A$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and a continuous function $f$ (possibly bounded, or Schwartz, or compactly supported) on its spectrum. Then I can ...
7
votes
1answer
359 views

Is the Cheeger constant of an induced subgraph of a cube at most 1?

It is known that the Cheeger constant of a hypercube graph $Q_n$ is exactly $1$, regardless of its dimension $n$. Is $1$ also an upper bound on the Cheeger constant of nontrivial induced connected ...
0
votes
1answer
200 views

Spectrum of the operator PAP, with A self-adjoint and P strictly positive

Let $A$ be an unbounded self-adjoint operator with spectrum $\sigma(A)=\mathbb R$ in a Hilbert space $\mathcal H$. Let $P$ be a bounded operator in $\mathcal H$ satisfying $P\ge1$ and $$ {\rm ...
5
votes
3answers
424 views

Traceless GUE : Four Centered Fermions

The proof of the Wigner Semicircle Law comes from studying the GUE Kernel \[ K_N(\mu, \nu)=e^{-\frac{1}{2}(\mu^2+\nu^2)} \cdot \frac{1}{\sqrt{\pi}} \sum_{j=0}^{N-1}\frac{H_j(\lambda)H_j(\mu)}{2^j j!} ...
1
vote
0answers
173 views

Norm related to diophantine approximation?

I'm trying to read this paper: http://www.springerlink.com/content/g0046660260825x3/ or http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.20.1813&rep=rep1&type=pdf But I don't ...
0
votes
0answers
113 views

singular values

Hello everyone, Are there any known conditions to ensure that the singular value of a matrix A is smaller than 1 ? More specifically, in my case A is the product of an M-Matrix and an inverse ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

The first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space

What is the exact value of the first eigenvalue of the laplacian for complex projective space viewed as $SU(n+1)/S(U(1)\times U(n))$?
3
votes
2answers
237 views

Analogue of PSD matrices for permanents?

Let's begin with a few observations. Suppose we consider the set of $N\times N$ matrices and consider the matrices with positive determinant. There are several connected components in this set; let ...
21
votes
4answers
1k views

Can $L^{2}$ be represented as a space of functions (not equivalence classes)?

Let $X$ be the vector space of all Lebesgue-measurable functions $f:\left[a,b\right]\rightarrowℝ$ such that $\int^{b}_{a}\left|f\left(x\right)\right|^{2}dx<\infty$ (Lebesgue integral). Then we can ...
1
vote
2answers
296 views

Showing a solution of elliptic PDe is non-degenerate

Dear Mathoverflowers: I am interested in radial positive solutions of $-\Delta u(r) = r^\alpha u(r)^p$ in the unit ball in $ R^N$ with $ u=0$ on the boundary. Here $p>1$ and $ \alpha >0$. ...
3
votes
2answers
449 views

Number of perturbations of the Jordan form

I am looking for information about the number of Jordan forms that can be obtained from a given Jordan form of a small perturbation. For example, if a Jordan form consists of a single cell 2x2 ...
1
vote
3answers
924 views

Generalization of eigenvalues/vectors to modules?

What is the generalization of eigenvalues/vectors to modules? To be specific, given a "vector" v in a module over some ring, and a linear "operator" O from the module to itself (please feel free to ...
14
votes
2answers
442 views

Is there a spectral theory approach to non-explicit Plancherel-type theorems?

Teaching graduate analysis has inspired me to think about the completeness theorem for Fourier series and the more difficult Plancherel theorem for the Fourier transform on $\mathbb{R}$. There are ...
6
votes
1answer
155 views

numerically track spectrum curves of a parameter dependent linear operator

Hi, I am interested in how to numerically track spectrum curves of a parameter dependent linear operator. Given a linear operator in square matrix form $M(t)$, where the matrix is smooth dependent of ...
4
votes
2answers
502 views

How do you solve linear systems whose solutions decay exponentially?

Consider the heat equation $$\dot{u} = \Delta u$$ with initial conditions $$u_0 = \delta(x)$$ for some point $x$ in the domain $\Omega$ of the problem. If $\Omega$ is $\mathbb{R}^n$, then this ...
5
votes
1answer
669 views

Generalising Gelfand's spectral theory

This is primarily a request for references and advices. Question (edited on 10/29/2011). What's known about comprehensive generalisations of Gelfand's spectral theory for unital [associative] ...
6
votes
1answer
183 views

Brownian particle with jump boundary condition

I would like to find a function $f(s)$, which solves the following equation: $ \int_0^t \int_0^L f(s,x) p(t-s,x,y) dy ds = 1 $ The function $p(\tau,x,y)$ is $p(\tau,x,y) = \sum_n e^{-\lambda_n ...
2
votes
2answers
232 views

Smooth dependence of the spectrum on the operator

I would like to know if there are theorems that state under which circumstances spectra of operator families depend smoothly on the parameter. To clarify, suppose I have a 1-parameter family $T_h$ of ...
3
votes
3answers
333 views

Estimates for the diameter of a (nice) surface?

The Question Let $M$ be a compact, connected, orientable surface without boundary of bounded genus smoothly embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$; define the diameter $d_M$ of $M$ as the maximum minimal ...
0
votes
1answer
399 views

Simple system of ODEs with periodic coefficients

I am stuck with a little problem that I cannot solve mith the standard methods I learn at university. I have a system of coupled ODEs: $f'(t) = P \cos(k t + \Phi_1) g(t)$ $g'(t) = Q \cos(k t + ...
1
vote
0answers
311 views

Definition of spectral gradient

Consider this differential operator $$ \mathcal{H}(\phi(\mathbf{x})) = -\triangle + V(\mathbf{x})H_\epsilon (\phi(\mathbf{x})) $$ where $\mathbf{x} \in \mathbb{R}^2$, $\phi : \mathbb{R}^2 \rightarrow ...
0
votes
1answer
294 views

Robust entropy-like measure for analyzing uncertainity

I'm looking for a measure to analysis the uncertainty observed in a set of variables (with multivariate Gaussian distribution). So, I've tried conventional Shanon entropy (differential entropy) which ...