**1**

vote

**1**answer

422 views

### square root of a certain matrix [closed]

Hello,
I'd like to know the square root of the following $n$ by $n$ matrix, for $n > 2$ and $r>0$:
$R_{ii}=r+1$ for $i < n$
$R_{ij}=r$ otherwise
The $2$ by $2$ case is given by
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

69 views

### Second eigenvalue of a weighted tree

Hello,
I am interested in upper bounding the second largest eigenvalue of the adjacency matrix of a graph $T$ with the following property:
1. $T$ contains self loops.
2. $T$ contains multiple edges ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

125 views

### Recovering a partition from spectral properties of the graph Laplacian

Let $G$ be a weighted graph with vertices $V$. Let $W$ be its real-valued, non-negative, $|V|\times|V|$ adjacency/affinity matrix. Let $L = \mathrm{diag}(W\mathbf1)-W$ be the (unnormalized) graph ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

330 views

### Generalized basis

In quantum mechanics, people introduce the notion of "continuous basis" (I actually don't know the mathematical denomination of it). It is not a Schauder basis. I would like to know what could be a ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

240 views

### Bound on the order of a finite group generated by elements $a$ and $b$ of order 2 and $n \geq 3$ such that the sum of the images of $a$, $b$ and $b^{-1}$ under any ordinary representation has only rational eigenvalues

Assume that $G = \langle a, b \rangle$ is a finite non-abelian group which is generated by an
involution $a$ and an element $b$ of order $n$ ($n\geq 3$) such that for every (complex) representation
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

360 views

### Eigenvalues of Sum of non-singular matrix and diagonal matrix

Suppose $D={\rm diag}(d_i)$ is a diagonal matrix with all diagonal entries $d_i=\pm 1$. This implies $D^2=I$.
Suppose $A$ is a non-singular Hermitian matrix. If we know that $A+A^{-1}+D$ has rational ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

114 views

### Optimization over Spectral Laplacian in cycles and trees

Is there any idea on how one can deal with an optimization problem of sum of k largest eigenvalues(min) of Laplacian matrix of a simple cycle or tree?
I would like to use semidefinite programming for ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### Spectral decomposition function [closed]

Once I met a notation of "spectral decomposition function" (for a self-adjoint operator). No definition was given.
Could someone give me a clue what can that be, cause I can't find this exact phrase ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

268 views

### The first eigenvalue of the Schrödinger operator is simple.

Hello,
let $(M,g)$ be a compact and connected Riemannian manifold (possibly with $\partial M\neq \emptyset$). We consider the Friedrichs extension of $L=-\Delta +V: C^{\infty}(M,\mathbb{R})\subset ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

114 views

### regularity of eigenfunctions of Schrödinger Operator

Hello,
I consider a compact and connected (smooth) Riemannian manofold $(M,g)$. I'm interested in the eigenfunctions of the Schrödinger Operator $L=-\Delta+ V$ acting on (smooth) functions. Do you ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

54 views

### Possible diagonal values of a product of matrices with some specific characteristics

Hello all,
This is a question that might or might not be related to my previous one.
Imagine you have two matrices:
Matrix $\mathbf{\Phi}=[\Phi_1,\ldots,\Phi_M]\in\mathbb{R}^{L\times M}$ where ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

192 views

### A tricky optimization problem over matrices

Hi
I have the following problem whose solution has lured me for some months now....
All matrices are complex $N\times N$.
Let $A$ be a positive definite matrix with all eigenvalues strictly smaller ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

218 views

### A spectral radius inequality

Define $\rho(A)$ to be the spectral radius of a square matrix $A$. Let $S$ and $T$ be two non-negative square matrices and $h$ a real number such that $\rho(S+T) < h$. Show that $\rho((hI-S)^{-1}T) ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

330 views

### spectral radius monotonicity

I encountered an inequality when reading a paper. Can someone help to show how to prove it?
Let be the spectral radius of matrix $A$ or $\rho(A)=\max\{|\lambda|, \lambda \text{ are eigenvalues of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

90 views

### null controllability of linear wave equation

Consider the linear wave equation :
$$z_{tt}=\Delta z + k(x) z + h(t) , \; in \; \Omega\times (0,T)$$
Are there sufficient conditions on the functions $k(x)$ and $h(t)$ for which $(z,z_t)$ vanish ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

266 views

### Weyl law for arithmetic Fuchsian groups known?

For congruence subgroups of $PSL(2,\mathbb{Z})$, the Weyl law for the eigenvalues of Maass cusp forms had been proven by Selberg. How is the status of such a Weyl law for eigenvalues of Maass cusp ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

261 views

### Gap between first two nonzero Laplacian eigenvalues on closed compact surface?

Much has been said about bounds on Laplacian eigenvalues, and the literature can be tough to sort through! I am specifically interested in the case where the domain is a closed compact surface, and am ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

105 views

### Spectrum of composition of graphs( lexicographic product)

I was wondering how to relate the spectra of the composition of two graphs in term of the factors...someone can help me?

**1**

vote

**0**answers

55 views

### strong stability for the wave equation

Consider the $n-$dimensional wave equation
$$z_{tt}=\Delta z + k(x) z - \epsilon {1}_\omega z_t, \; in \; \Omega\times (0,T)$$
where $\omega\subset \Omega.$ Can I have $z(t) \to 0,$ as $t\to+\infty$ ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Global solution for spectral clustering

I used spectral clustering for directed graphs suggested by Dengyong Zhou paper to partition the graph.I selected the eigen vectors corresponding to k largest eigen values and then I use kmeans or FCM ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

608 views

### Resolvent of Laplacian

Hello!
Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and $-\Delta$ the Laplacian on M (acting on smooth functions). Then the resolvent $R(\xi)$ of $-\Delta$ is a compact operator.
Is it possible to find for ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

883 views

### Spectral theorem for self-adjoint differential operator on Hilbert space

I need a reference concerning a theorem that shows the following result, stated very roughly:
Given a self-adjoint differential operator densely defined on a Hilbert space, then the given Hilbert ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### What is the spectrum of the Rado graph?

Isn't this question self-explanatory? There is a lot of literature about the Rado graph $R$ in various places. This graph is also known as the "Random Graph" because a countable random graph is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

226 views

### eigenvalues of the sum of a stochastic matrix and a diagonal matrix

Let $D$ be a real diagonal matrix $D=diag(a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n)$ with $a_1\le a_2\le\ldots\le a_n$. Assume that at least one of the $a_i$ is positive. Let $P$ be an irreducible, real, row-stochastic ...

**13**

votes

**6**answers

563 views

### Invertibility of a certain matrix indexed by the Hamming cube

For reasons which the margin of this page is too small to hold, I have been reading parts of a recent paper by O. Selim
On submeasures on Boolean algebras, arXiv 1212.6822v3
and in Section 7 the ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

413 views

### Eigenvalues of principle minors Vs. eigenvalues of the matrix

Say I have a positive semi-definite matrix with least positive eigenvalue x. Are there always principal minors of this matrix with eigenvalue less than x?
(Here "semidefinite" can not be taken to ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

572 views

### Eigenvalues of directed Laplacian matrix $L$ and $DL$, where $D$ is a diagonal matrix with positive entries

I have a weighted Laplacian matrix $L$ of a strongly connected directed graph and a diagonal matrix $D$ with positive entries. Since the graph is directed, $L$ is non-symmetric real. Further, since ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

200 views

### bivariate polynomial

Hello,
Let $p(x,y) = \sum_{m=1}^M\sum_{n=1}^N a_{m,n}x^{m-1}y^{n-1}$ be a bivariate polynomial where $\{a_{m,n}\}$ are complex.
If $(x_k, y_k), k=1,2,\cdots, MN-1$ are roots of $p(x,y)=0$ where ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

246 views

### First eigenvalue of $\Delta$ on Kaehler manifold with $Ricci\ge k$.

Let $M$ be a Kaehler manifold of complex dimension $n$. Let $\Delta$ be the real Laplacian of the underline Riemannian manifold. Let's assume the Ricci curvature of $M$ satisfies $\text {Ric}\ge ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### Moments of random matrices - when are they finite

I need to evaluate the moment
$$\mathbb{E} (AX)^n,$$ where A is an NxN Hermitian square matrix, and X is
$$X=ZZ^{\ast},$$ where
$Z=\mu+Y$, where $\mu$ is mean of $Z$ and $Y$ is a zero-mean complex ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Eigenfunctions restricted on closed geodesics

Consider the flat torus $T^2=\frac{\mathbb{R}^2}{l_1\mathbb{Z}\oplus l_2\mathbb{Z}}$. It is easy to see that the eigenvalues of the Laplacian on torus, $-\frac{\partial^2}{\partial ...

**25**

votes

**10**answers

3k views

### real symmetric matrix has real eigenvalues - elementary proof

Every real symmetric matrix has at least one real eigenvalue. Does anyone know how to prove this elementary, that is without the notion of complex numbers?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Asymptotic Behavior of Non-Analytic Function of the Eigenvalues

Hello,
Let $A_n = (a_{k-j};\;k,j = 0,1,\ldots,n-1)$ be a sequence of $n\times n$ Toeplitz matrices, with eigenvalues $(\lambda_{n,i};\;i = 0,1,\ldots,n-1)$.
If $A_n$ were a sequence of Hermitian ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

149 views

### spectrum of a polygon and zeta function

Let $\Delta(x,y) = 1,0$ according to whether $(x,y)$ is in some polygon (symmetric with respect to the diagonal axis).
E.g. The convex hull of three points (taken from a paper on dominoes)
$$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

176 views

### Spectrum of the Normal Operator associated to compact supported spectral measures

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a Hilbert space and $E:\Sigma\to\mathcal{L}(\mathcal{H})$ be a compactly supported spectral on the Borel $\sigma$-algebra $\Sigma$ of $\mathbb{C}$. Then we can form the bounded, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

631 views

### Condition numbers of Vandermonde matrices

Denote by $\newcommand{\bC}{\mathbb{C}}$ $\newcommand{\bT}{\mathbb{T}}$ $\bT^N$ the real torus
$$\mathbb{T}^N :=\bigl\lbrace\vec{z}\in\bC^N;\;\;|z_1|=\cdots =|z_N|=1\bigr\rbrace$$
To each ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

341 views

### relationship between eigenvalues of (A-B) and eigenvalues of (A^2-B^2)

Let us suppose that $A_{n}$ and $B_n$ are sequences of positive definite matrices satisfying
$c\leq \lambda_{\min}(A_n)\leq \lambda_{\max}(A_n)\leq C$
and
$c\leq \lambda_{\min}(B_n)\leq ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Integral kernel for the resolvent of the laplace operator

Consider the Laplace operator defined in the biggest possible subset of $L^2(\mathbb{R}^2)$ and let $z \in \mathbb{C}\backslash\mathbb{R}$. Therefore $z \notin \sigma (\Delta)$ the spectrum of ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

470 views

### What are first eigenfunctions of Laplacian for $CP^n$ with Fubini-Study metric?

I know the round $n$-sphere has $f_i=\cos(dist(e_i, x))$ as the set of first eigenfunctions for $e_i=(0, \cdots, 1, \cdots, 0)\in \mathbb R^{n+1}$. i.e. $\Delta f_i=\lambda_1 f$, where $\lambda_1$ is ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

4k views

### What does multiplying a matrix by its transpose have to do with spectral theorem? [closed]

What does multiplying a matrix by its transpose have to do with spectral theorem? I basically am trying to understand what this would mean with regards to spectra of waves.
I think it give you a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

189 views

### Simplicity of eigenvalues of an elliptic operator under a symmetry assumption

A striking difference in the spectral analysis of 2nd order elliptic boundary-value problems between one and several space dimensions is the following. In one space dimension, the eigenvalues are ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

143 views

### Maximal spectrum of a complex, unital and commutative Banach-algebra

Let $A$ be a complex, unital and commutative Banach-algebra.
Question: Is the maximal spectrum $Max(A)$ of $A$ endowed with the topology induced by the prime spectrum $Spec(A)$ of $A$, Hausdorff?
...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

262 views

### Exponential stability in nonlinear differential equations

I have this nonlinear differential equation $d\textbf{x}/dt=f(\textbf{x})$, where $\textbf{x}\in \mathbb{R}^n$. There are results which guarantee the convergence of the dynamical system to ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

257 views

### Paving conjecture for Toeplitz matrices

Let me first recall what is the so-called paving conjecture:
for any $\epsilon >0$, there exists $r\in \mathbb N$ such that
for any bounded operator $A$ on $\ell^2(\mathbb Z)$, there exists a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

217 views

### Partial order on self-adjoint extensions?

Is there a natural partial order and/or lattice structure on the set of closed symmetric or self-adjoint extensions of a densely defined, unbounded, symmetric operator on a Hilbert space? Any ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### A doubt about the parts of the spectrum of tensor products

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be any complex Hilbert space of infinite dimensional. By an operator $T$ I mean a linear bounded transformation from $\mathcal{H}$ into $\mathcal{H}$, i.e, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

306 views

### Finding the spectrum of the composition of a projection with a multiplication operator

In reading a paper on numerical quadrature I've come across a result that is proved in a manner that is very clever:
Let $X \subset \mathbb{C}$ be a compact, convex set. If $U$ is a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

280 views

### A is a nonnegative matrix; the only principal submatrix having spectral radius above 1 is A itself

Let $\rho(M)$ denote the spectral radius (modulus of the largest eigenvalue) of a square matrix $M$.
I am looking for a characterization or anything else interesting about the set of matrices $A$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Effects of unitarian multiplication into the spectrum of a finite matrix.

I am interested in the following problem: Let $P$ be a $n\times n$ complex finite matrix such as $PP^\dagger =W$. Given $W$, what can I say about the spectrum of $P$?
This matrix "square-root" has ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

192 views

### Well defined Tensoring of spectral triples

Hi,
I have a misunderstanding that I am hoping is really quite trivial. I will give my question directly and context below for those that need/want it.
Question: In connes standard model he takes ...