Schrodinger operators, operators on manifolds, general differential operators, numerical studies, integral operators, discrete models, resonances, non-self-adjoint operators, random operators/matrices

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2
votes
1answer
148 views

Eigenvalues for elements of (infinite) Coxeter groups

My current research requires some knowledge on the eigenvectors of elements (of infinite order) of Coxeter groups view as reflections in their geometric representation. After some reading, my ...
2
votes
2answers
89 views

Eigenfunctions of Schrödinger Operators on the boundary

Hello, let's consider a compact and connected Riemannian manifold with the Schrödinger Operator $L=-\Delta +V:dom(H)\subset L^2(M)\rightarrow L^2(M)$ whereas $dom(L):=\lbrace f\in ...
1
vote
1answer
333 views

square root of a certain matrix [closed]

Hello, I'd like to know the square root of the following $n$ by $n$ matrix, for $n > 2$ and $r>0$: $R_{ii}=r+1$ for $i < n$ $R_{ij}=r$ otherwise The $2$ by $2$ case is given by ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Second eigenvalue of a weighted tree

Hello, I am interested in upper bounding the second largest eigenvalue of the adjacency matrix of a graph $T$ with the following property: 1. $T$ contains self loops. 2. $T$ contains multiple edges ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Recovering a partition from spectral properties of the graph Laplacian

Let $G$ be a weighted graph with vertices $V$. Let $W$ be its real-valued, non-negative, $|V|\times|V|$ adjacency/affinity matrix. Let $L = \mathrm{diag}(W\mathbf1)-W$ be the (unnormalized) graph ...
5
votes
2answers
310 views

Generalized basis

In quantum mechanics, people introduce the notion of "continuous basis" (I actually don't know the mathematical denomination of it). It is not a Schauder basis. I would like to know what could be a ...
5
votes
2answers
234 views

Bound on the order of a finite group generated by elements $a$ and $b$ of order 2 and $n \geq 3$ such that the sum of the images of $a$, $b$ and $b^{-1}$ under any ordinary representation has only rational eigenvalues

Assume that $G = \langle a, b \rangle$ is a finite non-abelian group which is generated by an involution $a$ and an element $b$ of order $n$ ($n\geq 3$) such that for every (complex) representation ...
1
vote
1answer
256 views

Eigenvalues of Sum of non-singular matrix and diagonal matrix

Suppose $D={\rm diag}(d_i)$ is a diagonal matrix with all diagonal entries $d_i=\pm 1$. This implies $D^2=I$. Suppose $A$ is a non-singular Hermitian matrix. If we know that $A+A^{-1}+D$ has rational ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Spectral theory based on projections onto convex sets

Consider finite-dimensional settings. Usual spectral theory decomposes a self-adjoint operators $A$ as a linear combination of orthogonal projections $\{P_i\}$ onto linear subspaces, e.g. $A = ...
1
vote
0answers
105 views

Optimization over Spectral Laplacian in cycles and trees

Is there any idea on how one can deal with an optimization problem of sum of k largest eigenvalues(min) of Laplacian matrix of a simple cycle or tree? I would like to use semidefinite programming for ...
0
votes
0answers
162 views

Spectral radius of products of matrices of a certain form

Background Let $\mathcal{D}$ be the set of $S\times S$ diagonal matrices with elements in $[0,1)$. Let $\mathcal{G} = \{\Gamma \in \mathcal{D} : tr(\Gamma) = 1\}$, and let $B$ be an $S\times S$ ...
0
votes
1answer
158 views

Spectral decomposition function [closed]

Once I met a notation of "spectral decomposition function" (for a self-adjoint operator). No definition was given. Could someone give me a clue what can that be, cause I can't find this exact phrase ...
3
votes
1answer
206 views

The first eigenvalue of the Schrödinger operator is simple.

Hello, let $(M,g)$ be a compact and connected Riemannian manifold (possibly with $\partial M\neq \emptyset$). We consider the Friedrichs extension of $L=-\Delta +V: C^{\infty}(M,\mathbb{R})\subset ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

regularity of eigenfunctions of Schrödinger Operator

Hello, I consider a compact and connected (smooth) Riemannian manofold $(M,g)$. I'm interested in the eigenfunctions of the Schrödinger Operator $L=-\Delta+ V$ acting on (smooth) functions. Do you ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Possible diagonal values of a product of matrices with some specific characteristics

Hello all, This is a question that might or might not be related to my previous one. Imagine you have two matrices: Matrix $\mathbf{\Phi}=[\Phi_1,\ldots,\Phi_M]\in\mathbb{R}^{L\times M}$ where ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Gershgorin interval of an eigenvalue and the largest coordinate of the corresponding eigenvector

Let $A=(a_{ij})$ be a $n\times n$ -- symmetric matrix with positive diagonal entries. The smallest eigenvalue, $\lambda_1$, is simple, and the corresponding unit eigenvector has all coordinates, ...
0
votes
0answers
152 views

A tricky optimization problem over matrices

Hi I have the following problem whose solution has lured me for some months now.... All matrices are complex $N\times N$. Let $A$ be a positive definite matrix with all eigenvalues strictly smaller ...
3
votes
1answer
169 views

A spectral radius inequality

Define $\rho(A)$ to be the spectral radius of a square matrix $A$. Let $S$ and $T$ be two non-negative square matrices and $h$ a real number such that $\rho(S+T) < h$. Show that $\rho((hI-S)^{-1}T) ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

null controllability of linear wave equation

Consider the linear wave equation : $$z_{tt}=\Delta z + k(x) z + h(t) , \; in \; \Omega\times (0,T)$$ Are there sufficient conditions on the functions $k(x)$ and $h(t)$ for which $(z,z_t)$ vanish ...
2
votes
2answers
227 views

Weyl law for arithmetic Fuchsian groups known?

For congruence subgroups of $PSL(2,\mathbb{Z})$, the Weyl law for the eigenvalues of Maass cusp forms had been proven by Selberg. How is the status of such a Weyl law for eigenvalues of Maass cusp ...
2
votes
2answers
243 views

Gap between first two nonzero Laplacian eigenvalues on closed compact surface?

Much has been said about bounds on Laplacian eigenvalues, and the literature can be tough to sort through! I am specifically interested in the case where the domain is a closed compact surface, and am ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

strong stability for the wave equation

Consider the $n-$dimensional wave equation $$z_{tt}=\Delta z + k(x) z - \epsilon {1}_\omega z_t, \; in \; \Omega\times (0,T)$$ where $\omega\subset \Omega.$ Can I have $z(t) \to 0,$ as $t\to+\infty$ ...
6
votes
2answers
482 views

Resolvent of Laplacian

Hello! Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold and $-\Delta$ the Laplacian on M (acting on smooth functions). Then the resolvent $R(\xi)$ of $-\Delta$ is a compact operator. Is it possible to find for ...
4
votes
3answers
683 views

Spectral theorem for self-adjoint differential operator on Hilbert space

I need a reference concerning a theorem that shows the following result, stated very roughly: Given a self-adjoint differential operator densely defined on a Hilbert space, then the given Hilbert ...
3
votes
1answer
199 views

What is the spectrum of the Rado graph?

Isn't this question self-explanatory? There is a lot of literature about the Rado graph $R$ in various places. This graph is also known as the "Random Graph" because a countable random graph is ...
2
votes
0answers
192 views

eigenvalues of the sum of a stochastic matrix and a diagonal matrix

Let $D$ be a real diagonal matrix $D=diag(a_1,a_2,\ldots,a_n)$ with $a_1\le a_2\le\ldots\le a_n$. Assume that at least one of the $a_i$ is positive. Let $P$ be an irreducible, real, row-stochastic ...
12
votes
6answers
520 views

Invertibility of a certain matrix indexed by the Hamming cube

For reasons which the margin of this page is too small to hold, I have been reading parts of a recent paper by O. Selim On submeasures on Boolean algebras, arXiv 1212.6822v3 and in Section 7 the ...
0
votes
2answers
281 views

Eigenvalues of principle minors Vs. eigenvalues of the matrix

Say I have a positive semi-definite matrix with least positive eigenvalue x. Are there always principal minors of this matrix with eigenvalue less than x? (Here "semidefinite" can not be taken to ...
1
vote
0answers
194 views

bivariate polynomial

Hello, Let $p(x,y) = \sum_{m=1}^M\sum_{n=1}^N a_{m,n}x^{m-1}y^{n-1}$ be a bivariate polynomial where $\{a_{m,n}\}$ are complex. If $(x_k, y_k), k=1,2,\cdots, MN-1$ are roots of $p(x,y)=0$ where ...
3
votes
1answer
214 views

First eigenvalue of $\Delta$ on Kaehler manifold with $Ricci\ge k$.

Let $M$ be a Kaehler manifold of complex dimension $n$. Let $\Delta$ be the real Laplacian of the underline Riemannian manifold. Let's assume the Ricci curvature of $M$ satisfies $\text {Ric}\ge ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Moments of random matrices - when are they finite

I need to evaluate the moment $$\mathbb{E} (AX)^n,$$ where A is an NxN Hermitian square matrix, and X is $$X=ZZ^{\ast},$$ where $Z=\mu+Y$, where $\mu$ is mean of $Z$ and $Y$ is a zero-mean complex ...
7
votes
1answer
219 views

Eigenfunctions restricted on closed geodesics

Consider the flat torus $T^2=\frac{\mathbb{R}^2}{l_1\mathbb{Z}\oplus l_2\mathbb{Z}}$. It is easy to see that the eigenvalues of the Laplacian on torus, $-\frac{\partial^2}{\partial ...
19
votes
9answers
2k views

real symmetric matrix has real eigenvalues - elementary proof

Every real symmetric matrix has at least one real eigenvalue. Does anyone know how to prove this elementary, that is without the notion of complex numbers?
2
votes
1answer
218 views

Asymptotic Behavior of Non-Analytic Function of the Eigenvalues

Hello, Let $A_n = (a_{k-j};\;k,j = 0,1,\ldots,n-1)$ be a sequence of $n\times n$ Toeplitz matrices, with eigenvalues $(\lambda_{n,i};\;i = 0,1,\ldots,n-1)$. If $A_n$ were a sequence of Hermitian ...
3
votes
0answers
142 views

spectrum of a polygon and zeta function

Let $\Delta(x,y) = 1,0$ according to whether $(x,y)$ is in some polygon (symmetric with respect to the diagonal axis). E.g. The convex hull of three points (taken from a paper on dominoes) $$ ...
3
votes
0answers
149 views

Spectrum of the Normal Operator associated to compact supported spectral measures

Let $\mathcal{H}$ be a Hilbert space and $E:\Sigma\to\mathcal{L}(\mathcal{H})$ be a compactly supported spectral on the Borel $\sigma$-algebra $\Sigma$ of $\mathbb{C}$. Then we can form the bounded, ...
2
votes
1answer
452 views

Condition numbers of Vandermonde matrices

Denote by $\newcommand{\bC}{\mathbb{C}}$ $\newcommand{\bT}{\mathbb{T}}$ $\bT^N$ the real torus $$\mathbb{T}^N :=\bigl\lbrace\vec{z}\in\bC^N;\;\;|z_1|=\cdots =|z_N|=1\bigr\rbrace$$ To each ...
10
votes
1answer
331 views

relationship between eigenvalues of (A-B) and eigenvalues of (A^2-B^2)

Let us suppose that $A_{n}$ and $B_n$ are sequences of positive definite matrices satisfying $c\leq \lambda_{\min}(A_n)\leq \lambda_{\max}(A_n)\leq C$ and $c\leq \lambda_{\min}(B_n)\leq ...
3
votes
3answers
757 views

Integral kernel for the resolvent of the laplace operator

Consider the Laplace operator defined in the biggest possible subset of $L^2(\mathbb{R}^2)$ and let $z \in \mathbb{C}\backslash\mathbb{R}$. Therefore $z \notin \sigma (\Delta)$ the spectrum of ...
7
votes
2answers
408 views

What are first eigenfunctions of Laplacian for $CP^n$ with Fubini-Study metric?

I know the round $n$-sphere has $f_i=\cos(dist(e_i, x))$ as the set of first eigenfunctions for $e_i=(0, \cdots, 1, \cdots, 0)\in \mathbb R^{n+1}$. i.e. $\Delta f_i=\lambda_1 f$, where $\lambda_1$ is ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

What does multiplying a matrix by its transpose have to do with spectral theorem? [closed]

What does multiplying a matrix by its transpose have to do with spectral theorem? I basically am trying to understand what this would mean with regards to spectra of waves. I think it give you a ...
4
votes
1answer
162 views

Simplicity of eigenvalues of an elliptic operator under a symmetry assumption

A striking difference in the spectral analysis of 2nd order elliptic boundary-value problems between one and several space dimensions is the following. In one space dimension, the eigenvalues are ...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

Maximal spectrum of a complex, unital and commutative Banach-algebra

Let $A$ be a complex, unital and commutative Banach-algebra. Question: Is the maximal spectrum $Max(A)$ of $A$ endowed with the topology induced by the prime spectrum $Spec(A)$ of $A$, Hausdorff? ...
1
vote
2answers
228 views

Exponential stability in nonlinear differential equations

I have this nonlinear differential equation $d\textbf{x}/dt=f(\textbf{x})$, where $\textbf{x}\in \mathbb{R}^n$. There are results which guarantee the convergence of the dynamical system to ...
6
votes
0answers
219 views

Paving conjecture for Toeplitz matrices

Let me first recall what is the so-called paving conjecture: for any $\epsilon >0$, there exists $r\in \mathbb N$ such that for any bounded operator $A$ on $\ell^2(\mathbb Z)$, there exists a ...
2
votes
1answer
200 views

Partial order on self-adjoint extensions?

Is there a natural partial order and/or lattice structure on the set of closed symmetric or self-adjoint extensions of a densely defined, unbounded, symmetric operator on a Hilbert space? Any ...
4
votes
1answer
256 views

Finding the spectrum of the composition of a projection with a multiplication operator

In reading a paper on numerical quadrature I've come across a result that is proved in a manner that is very clever: Let $X \subset \mathbb{C}$ be a compact, convex set. If $U$ is a ...
1
vote
1answer
214 views

A is a nonnegative matrix; the only principal submatrix having spectral radius above 1 is A itself

Let $\rho(M)$ denote the spectral radius (modulus of the largest eigenvalue) of a square matrix $M$. I am looking for a characterization or anything else interesting about the set of matrices $A$ ...
3
votes
1answer
152 views

Effects of unitarian multiplication into the spectrum of a finite matrix.

I am interested in the following problem: Let $P$ be a $n\times n$ complex finite matrix such as $PP^\dagger =W$. Given $W$, what can I say about the spectrum of $P$? This matrix "square-root" has ...
4
votes
1answer
186 views

Well defined Tensoring of spectral triples

Hi, I have a misunderstanding that I am hoping is really quite trivial. I will give my question directly and context below for those that need/want it. Question: In connes standard model he takes ...