Schrodinger operators, operators on manifolds, general differential operators, numerical studies, integral operators, discrete models, resonances, non-self-adjoint operators, random operators/matrices

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1answer
96 views

Limit-circle and limit-point at endpoints

I was wondering if the following holds: If you have an ODE $$-y''(x) + q(x) y(x) = \lambda y(x)$$ on a finite interval $(a,b)$ and you know that this equation is limit-circle or limit-point at the ...
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0answers
51 views

Estimation of growth rate of spectral radius

I have following problem: Let the spectral radius of $S=(a_{ij})_{n\times n}$ be $\lambda>1$, where each $a_{i,j}$ is a positive integer, then we have that $$\lim_{k\to ...
3
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1answer
133 views

Has uniform ellipticity implications on the spectrum?

Let $X$ be a complete Riemann surface with a smooth metric, and $L$ a line bundle on it also equipped with a smooth metric; associated to this data there is a Laplace-Beltrami operator $D_L$ acting on ...
10
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0answers
144 views

Weyl law for Maass forms with nontrivial character

The classical Weyl law for $\Gamma = \mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$ counts the number of Maass cusp forms on $\Gamma \backslash \mathbb{H}$ with Laplace eigenvalue less than $T$. This is originally due to ...
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0answers
110 views

Log of heat kernel for positive time

A well-known theorem by Varadhan relates the logarithm of the heat kernel on a manifold and the geodesic distance function. In particular, if $d(x,y)$ is geodesic distance from $x$ to $y$ and ...
2
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0answers
174 views

Eigenvalues of this matrix

I have a linear map that is defined by $$T:\text{lin}(1,...,x^m) \rightarrow \text{lin}(1,...,x^m) \text{ with}$$ $$x^k \mapsto 2w(k-m)x^{k+1}+(k^2-k-w^2)x^k-2kwx^{k-1}+(k-k^2)x^{k-2}$$ Let me give a ...
1
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1answer
92 views

Can we count isospectral graphs?

On n-vertices, how many isospectral graphs exist? [..I saw this previous "historic" discussion between two of the stalwarts in this field - Operation on Isospectral graphs ] Given a graph are ...
2
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0answers
109 views

Examples for Markov generators with pure point spectrum

I'm looking at symmetric diffusion Markov generators $L$ with pure point spectrum, i.e. infinitesimal generators of symmetric diffusion Markov semigroups, which are defined on $L^2(\mu)$ where $\mu$ ...
6
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1answer
173 views

Laplacian eigenfunction $L^p$ norms

Suppose I have a compact surface (possibly with boundary), and consider the eigenfunctions of the Laplacian, normalized so that their $L^2$ norms are $1.$ Is there some general result or conjecture on ...
8
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1answer
290 views

Error in Maurins proof for the nuclear spectral theorem?

I am currently studying the nuclear spectral theorem as presented in K. Maurins Monograph "General Eigenfunction Expansions and Unitary Representations of Topological Groups", second chapter or ...
8
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1answer
121 views

Can the graph Laplacian be well approximated by a Laplace-Beltrami operator?

It seems rather well known that given a Laplace-Beltrami operator $\mathcal{L}_{M}$ on a manifold $M$ we can approximate its spectrum by that of a graph Laplacian $L_{G}$ for some $G$ (where $G$ is ...
2
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1answer
147 views

Lp estimate for resolvent of Laplace operator

Consider for $1<p<\infty$ operator $A_p:L_p(0,1)\to L_p(0,1), \ D(A_p)=\{u\in W^2_p(0,1): u'(0)=u'(1)=0\}, \ A_pu=u''$, i.e. $L_p$-realisation of the Laplace operator with Neumann bcd on the ...
5
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1answer
241 views

Spectrum of this ODE

I noticed something interesting studying this Sturm-Liouville Problem: $$ \frac{d}{dx}\left(\sqrt{(1-x^{2})}\frac{df}{dx} \right)+\frac{\left(n \alpha x+\alpha^2 x^{2} + ...
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0answers
104 views

Equivalence of Positive Matrix in Infinite Dimensional Vector Space

What is the corresponding linear operator on an infinite dimensional vector space, say a Banach space or Hilbert space, to the nonnegative matrix on a finite dimensional vector space? What is the ...
5
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1answer
145 views

Origins of the Jacobi matrix

I have several questions concerning history of Jacobi matrices. Does anybody know why the Jacobi matrix (=symmetric tridiagonal matrix) is named by Carl Gustav Jacob Jacobi? What was his contribution ...
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3answers
698 views

Some explanation about Dynin's formalism

I have seen this claim on the Wikipedia page for the Yang-Mills Millenium problem by Alexander Dynin. He is a mathematician working at the Department of Mathematics of Ohio State University and so, I ...
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0answers
82 views

Decay of Eigenfunctions for the 1D Discrete Random Schrodinger Operators

Consider the operator on $\ell^2(\mathbb{Z})$ $$ H = \Delta + v. $$ Here $\Delta$ is the nearest neighbour Laplacian on $\mathbb{Z}$, $\Delta_{k, \ell} =1 $ if $|k - \ell| =1 $ and zero otherwise, ...
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1answer
183 views

Asymptotic behavior of Schrödinger operators

I am currently dealing with $1$ or at most $2$-dimensional Schrödinger operators on compact domains. A classical result of spectral theory is the Weyl approximations for this operator $H = -\Delta ...
1
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1answer
137 views

Cauchy-Schwarz type formula for positive integral operator

This question arises when I am reading Klainerman&Machedon's paper "On the Uniqueness of Solutions to the Gross-Pitaevskii Hierarchy". The author made a comment on page 3, which in effect is as ...
1
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1answer
65 views

Integral representation of joint projection valued measures

Given two positive $\sigma$-finite measures $\mu_{1/2}$ on the spaces $X_{1/2}$ one can define the product measure $\mu_1\otimes\mu_2$ on the product space $X_1\times X_2$. It can be proved that the ...
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0answers
48 views

Reference Request: Generalization of spectral theory to symmetric KL divergence type metrics?

Spectral theory(Courant Fischer Theorem) provides a definition of the spectrum in term of the minima/maxima of the rayleigh coefficient of a matrix. So I can say that kth eigenvector and associated ...
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1answer
166 views

Legendre differential equation with additional term

In an application I encountered the ODE $$ \left( {x}^{2}-1 \right) {\frac {{\rm d}^{2}}{{\rm d}{x}^{2}}}f \left( x \right) +x \left( {\frac {\rm d}{{\rm d}x}}f \left( x \right) \right) \left( ...
4
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0answers
177 views

Adjoint of sum of two operators. Kato-Rellich

Let $A$ be self-adjoint and $B$ be symmetric with $A$-bound less than $1$. By Kato-Rellich, I know that $(A+B)^*=A+B$. Could I also get something like $(A+iB)^*=A-iB$ or is there a counterexample to ...
5
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2answers
238 views

When is the group algebra $L^1(G)$ semisimple?

Let $G$ be locally compact group. Define group algebra as $$L^1(G)=\{f\colon G\to\Bbb{C}\mid\int\lvert f(x)\rvert\, dx<\infty\}$$ with convolution product. When is the group algebra $L^1(G)$ ...
1
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1answer
221 views

Existence of a real eigenvalue

I have a matrix $M \in \mathbb{R}^{(n+1) \times (n+1)}$ that is tridiagonal. In numerical computations I found out that I always find a real eigenvalue. My question is: Is there a theorem that ...
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2answers
395 views

Spectrum of Mathieu equation

I have the differential equation $-f''(x)-q \cos(x) f(x) = \lambda f(x)$ and I want to find all the eigenvalues of this equation analytically on $[0,2\pi]$ that satisfy the boundary condition $f(0) = ...
1
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1answer
173 views

Is the structure constant additive on connected components?

This is the reanimation of a question which already got an answer, that I did not fully understand. Coming back to it, after let it sit in a corner for some time, I keep not getting the point. I would ...
15
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4answers
808 views

Who first used the multiplication operator version of spectral theory

This is another history question. Hilbert phrased the spectral theorem in terms of resolutions of the identity. While this remained the form of Stone and von Neumann, they did also have the ...
2
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1answer
77 views

Spectral norm tail bound of a correlated random matrix

I am looking for the tail bound of spectral norm for certain type of random matrix. Let's say we have a $n\times n$ symmetric random matrix $R$, and for each entry $R_{ij}$, we have that $$ ...
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1answer
67 views

On a characterization of some subsets [closed]

Let $X$ be a Banach space. $A$ is a linear closed and densely defined operator and $S$ is a bounded invertible operator. What' s the relation between $\sigma_{e,S}(\lambda S - A)$ and ...
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1answer
40 views

Using Marchenko - Pastur type Theorems on Regression Analysis

Sometimes when doing regression analysis, we estimate our function $g(x) = E(Y |X =x )$ using an orthonormal series, and in particular we use an approximate series $g_{p_n}(x) = \sum_{k=1}^{p_n} ...
3
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1answer
114 views

Spectral gap of unitary representation

Does anyone know any book or article proving that the unitary representation $\pi$ of $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ into $L^2(SL(2,\mathbb{R}))$ has spectral gap? And what happens if we replace ...
0
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1answer
97 views

Spectrum of an angular-momentum related operator

Could someone please give me a reference for the eigenvalues and eigenstates of operators related to the angular momentum of a spinless, non-relativistic 2-D quantum particle? In particular, I'm ...
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0answers
72 views

Recovering Spherical Harmonics from Discrete Samples

Consider a collection of $N$ points on the 2-sphere chosen uniformly at random. Let's say that there's an edge between two such vertices if their geodesic distance is less than $r_N$. The resulting ...
1
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1answer
152 views

Neighborhood overlap matrix for a bipartite graph

Let $G$ be an undirected, simple, bipartite graph with parts $V$ (having $n$ vertices) and $W$ (having $m$ vertices). Define the following $n$-by-$n$ matrix: for any $i,j \in V$, $$a_{ij} = |N_i \cap ...
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0answers
74 views

interpretation of generalized eigenvalue/vectors in spectral graph theory

Let us say I have a symmetric graph adjacency matrix A, a degree matrix D, a laplacian L (D-A). I have a generalized eigenvalue equation $Av=\lambda Lv$. Does the eigenvalue/vectors produced in this ...
2
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0answers
94 views

How can I find the spectrum of this operator?

I've posted this now in on /r/math on math.se to no avail. Maybe this problem is harder than I thought and you folks can help me out. I'm working on a variational problem in elasticity which ...
0
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2answers
396 views

Spectral decomposition of compact operators

Let T be a compact operator on an infinite dimensional hilbert space H. I am proving the theorem which says that $Tx=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{\lambda}_{n}\langle x,x_{n}\rangle y_{n}$ where ($x_{n}$) is an ...
7
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0answers
172 views

Phillips-Sarnak conjecture in higher dimension

The Phillips-Sarnak conjecture states that for a generic Fuchsian lattice the space of Maass cusp forms is finite-dimensional. Generic here means in particular non-uniform, non-arithmetic, no special ...
2
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0answers
94 views

Laplacian on manifolds with corners

So far I've studied smooth riemannian manifolds and the Laplace-Beltrami operator associated to it. Therefore I know basic theorems like Stoke's theorem, divergence theorem, green's identities etc. ...
4
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0answers
135 views

Solving a Fredholm equation with a piecewise kernel : Karhunen-Loeve of a stopped Brownian motion

Is there a way to solve analytically the Fredholm integral equation of the second kind $$ \int_0^{100} K(s, t) f(s) ds = \lambda f(t) $$ where the kernel has the piecewise 'linear' form \begin{align} ...
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0answers
179 views

An optimization problem on the sphere

Let $S$ be a sphere centered at origin in $\Bbb R^{2n}$ of radius $\sqrt{2n}$. Let $D$ be a diagonal matrix. Let $U$ be an orthogonal matrix. Let $r\in\Bbb Z_+$ be a fixed integer. Let vector ...
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0answers
41 views

Anderson localization for non-i.i.d. potentials

Consider a random potential $V$ on edges of $\mathbb{Z}$ defined in the following way: a) each edge starts with an i.i.d. $0$ or $1$ b) each edge chooses its new potential value according to some ...
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1answer
137 views

Showing there is a unique spectral measure

All the books I have seen have proved that, for a normal bounded operator $T$, there is a unique spectral measure $E$ such that $\int_{\sigma(T)}^{}\lambda\,dE=T$ by first proving in it for a general ...
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1answer
100 views

wavefront is a coisotropic

I'm thinking about the following example: Let $u_k:=e^{i(kx_1+k^2x_2)}$, where $k\in\mathbb{N}$ and $x_1,x_2\in\mathbb{R}$. Then for the sequence $h_k:=1/(k\sqrt{1+k^2})$ ($h_k\rightarrow0$ as ...
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1answer
103 views

Does spectral theory assume separability

On an infinite dimensional space, the spectral theorem for compact normal operators says that the eigenvectors form an orthonormal basis which, from wikipedia, is equivalent to the space being ...
5
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1answer
162 views

Is irreducibility sufficient for uniqueness of invariant distribution for a Feller Semigroup?

Let $(T_t)$ be a strongly continuous semigroup of positive operators on $C(K)$, where $K$ is a compact space. Assume also that $T_t1 =1 $ for every $t\geq 0$. (This is also called a Feller Semigroup.) ...
17
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2answers
401 views

Has Witten's perturbation on de Rham complex been studied on other elliptic complexes?

In his famous work, Supersymmetry and Morse theory, Witten perturbs de Rham complex by perturbing the exterior derivative $$d_h=e^{-ht}de^{ht}.$$ And he proves Morse inequality using some spectral ...
2
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2answers
231 views

What is the right initial domain for the Dirichlet-Laplacian on a bounded domain?

Given some bounded domain $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with sufficiently regular boundary (e.g. smooth boundary). Then I saw two slightly different definitions for the Dirichlet-Laplacian. Some books ...
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1answer
160 views

Relation of Hodge Theorem to Eigenfunction Basis of Laplacian

The classical Hodge theorem I know of relates the de Rham cohomology groups isomorphically to the space of harmonic forms and shows that $Id=\pi+\Delta G$, where $\pi$ is the harmonic projection of ...