Schrodinger operators, operators on manifolds, general differential operators, numerical studies, integral operators, discrete models, resonances, non-self-adjoint operators, random operators/matrices

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1answer
214 views

Existence of a real eigenvalue

I have a matrix $M \in \mathbb{R}^{(n+1) \times (n+1)}$ that is tridiagonal. In numerical computations I found out that I always find a real eigenvalue. My question is: Is there a theorem that ...
1
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2answers
374 views

Spectrum of Mathieu equation

I have the differential equation $-f''(x)-q \cos(x) f(x) = \lambda f(x)$ and I want to find all the eigenvalues of this equation analytically on $[0,2\pi]$ that satisfy the boundary condition $f(0) = ...
1
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1answer
129 views

Is the structure constant additive on connected components?

Let $M$ be a Riemann surface and $\mu$ a metric on it, which could be non-compact. Moreover let $\Delta_{\mu,\,M}$ be the Laplacian on $M$ induced by $\mu$ and $\mathrm{det}^*(\Delta_{\mu,\,M})$ its ...
16
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4answers
747 views

Who first used the multiplication operator version of spectral theory

This is another history question. Hilbert phrased the spectral theorem in terms of resolutions of the identity. While this remained the form of Stone and von Neumann, they did also have the ...
2
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1answer
66 views

Spectral norm tail bound of a correlated random matrix

I am looking for the tail bound of spectral norm for certain type of random matrix. Let's say we have a $n\times n$ symmetric random matrix $R$, and for each entry $R_{ij}$, we have that $$ ...
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1answer
67 views

On a characterization of some subsets [closed]

Let $X$ be a Banach space. $A$ is a linear closed and densely defined operator and $S$ is a bounded invertible operator. What' s the relation between $\sigma_{e,S}(\lambda S - A)$ and ...
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1answer
36 views

Using Marchenko - Pastur type Theorems on Regression Analysis

Sometimes when doing regression analysis, we estimate our function $g(x) = E(Y |X =x )$ using an orthonormal series, and in particular we use an approximate series $g_{p_n}(x) = \sum_{k=1}^{p_n} ...
3
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1answer
107 views

Spectral gap of unitary representation

Does anyone know any book or article proving that the unitary representation $\pi$ of $SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ into $L^2(SL(2,\mathbb{R}))$ has spectral gap? And what happens if we replace ...
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1answer
93 views

Spectrum of an angular-momentum related operator

Could someone please give me a reference for the eigenvalues and eigenstates of operators related to the angular momentum of a spinless, non-relativistic 2-D quantum particle? In particular, I'm ...
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0answers
68 views

Recovering Spherical Harmonics from Discrete Samples

Consider a collection of $N$ points on the 2-sphere chosen uniformly at random. Let's say that there's an edge between two such vertices if their geodesic distance is less than $r_N$. The resulting ...
1
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1answer
131 views

Neighborhood overlap matrix for a bipartite graph

Let $G$ be an undirected, simple, bipartite graph with parts $V$ (having $n$ vertices) and $W$ (having $m$ vertices). Define the following $n$-by-$n$ matrix: for any $i,j \in V$, $$a_{ij} = |N_i \cap ...
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0answers
72 views

interpretation of generalized eigenvalue/vectors in spectral graph theory

Let us say I have a symmetric graph adjacency matrix A, a degree matrix D, a laplacian L (D-A). I have a generalized eigenvalue equation $Av=\lambda Lv$. Does the eigenvalue/vectors produced in this ...
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0answers
81 views

How can I find the spectrum of this operator?

I've posted this now in on /r/math on math.se to no avail. Maybe this problem is harder than I thought and you folks can help me out. I'm working on a variational problem in elasticity which ...
0
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2answers
346 views

Spectral decomposition of compact operators

Let T be a compact operator on an infinite dimensional hilbert space H. I am proving the theorem which says that $Tx=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}{\lambda}_{n}\langle x,x_{n}\rangle y_{n}$ where ($x_{n}$) is an ...
7
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0answers
155 views

Phillips-Sarnak conjecture in higher dimension

The Phillips-Sarnak conjecture states that for a generic Fuchsian lattice the space of Maass cusp forms is finite-dimensional. Generic here means in particular non-uniform, non-arithmetic, no special ...
2
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0answers
92 views

Laplacian on manifolds with corners

So far I've studied smooth riemannian manifolds and the Laplace-Beltrami operator associated to it. Therefore I know basic theorems like Stoke's theorem, divergence theorem, green's identities etc. ...
4
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0answers
129 views

Solving a Fredholm equation with a piecewise kernel : Karhunen-Loeve of a stopped Brownian motion

Is there a way to solve analytically the Fredholm integral equation of the second kind $$ \int_0^{100} K(s, t) f(s) ds = \lambda f(t) $$ where the kernel has the piecewise 'linear' form \begin{align} ...
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0answers
179 views

An optimization problem on the sphere

Let $S$ be a sphere centered at origin in $\Bbb R^{2n}$ of radius $\sqrt{2n}$. Let $D$ be a diagonal matrix. Let $U$ be an orthogonal matrix. Let $r\in\Bbb Z_+$ be a fixed integer. Let vector ...
2
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0answers
39 views

Anderson localization for non-i.i.d. potentials

Consider a random potential $V$ on edges of $\mathbb{Z}$ defined in the following way: a) each edge starts with an i.i.d. $0$ or $1$ b) each edge chooses its new potential value according to some ...
0
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1answer
135 views

Showing there is a unique spectral measure

All the books I have seen have proved that, for a normal bounded operator $T$, there is a unique spectral measure $E$ such that $\int_{\sigma(T)}^{}\lambda\,dE=T$ by first proving in it for a general ...
1
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1answer
95 views

wavefront is a coisotropic

I'm thinking about the following example: Let $u_k:=e^{i(kx_1+k^2x_2)}$, where $k\in\mathbb{N}$ and $x_1,x_2\in\mathbb{R}$. Then for the sequence $h_k:=1/(k\sqrt{1+k^2})$ ($h_k\rightarrow0$ as ...
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0answers
67 views

Fractional power and norm's operators

Let $T$ be a linear densely defined operator on a Hilbert space $H$ and $L$ be a selfadjoint operator with discrete spectrum such that $L^{-1}$ is bounded and $$\|Tf\| \leq \Phi_{\eta}(f) + \eta ...
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1answer
95 views

Does spectral theory assume separability

On an infinite dimensional space, the spectral theorem for compact normal operators says that the eigenvectors form an orthonormal basis which, from wikipedia, is equivalent to the space being ...
5
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1answer
154 views

Is irreducibility sufficient for uniqueness of invariant distribution for a Feller Semigroup?

Let $(T_t)$ be a strongly continuous semigroup of positive operators on $C(K)$, where $K$ is a compact space. Assume also that $T_t1 =1 $ for every $t\geq 0$. (This is also called a Feller Semigroup.) ...
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2answers
384 views

Has Witten's perturbation on de Rham complex been studied on other elliptic complexes?

In his famous work, Supersymmetry and Morse theory, Witten perturbs de Rham complex by perturbing the exterior derivative $$d_h=e^{-ht}de^{ht}.$$ And he proves Morse inequality using some spectral ...
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2answers
197 views

What is the right initial domain for the Dirichlet-Laplacian on a bounded domain?

Given some bounded domain $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ with sufficiently regular boundary (e.g. smooth boundary). Then I saw two slightly different definitions for the Dirichlet-Laplacian. Some books ...
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1answer
157 views

Relation of Hodge Theorem to Eigenfunction Basis of Laplacian

The classical Hodge theorem I know of relates the de Rham cohomology groups isomorphically to the space of harmonic forms and shows that $Id=\pi+\Delta G$, where $\pi$ is the harmonic projection of ...
2
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2answers
231 views

Schrodinger's equation via Spectral Theorem

How do you prove basic facts on the Schrodinger equation using the spectral theorem? More precisely, here is what I have in mind. The version of the Spectral Theorem I am familiar with is the ...
3
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0answers
79 views

Classes for which the Spectrum determines a Convex Shape

Given a planar domain $\Omega \subset \Bbb{R}^2$ bounded and open we can associate to it the spectrum of the Laplace operator with Dirichlet boundary condition. It is known that there are planar ...
1
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1answer
128 views

Relation of spectrum

Let $X$ denotes a complex $C^*$-algebra and $\{Z(t)\}_{t\geq 0}$ is a $C_0$-Semigroup of operators on $X$. If for $x\in X$, I have $x=x^*$ (x is selfadjoint), and its spectrum $\sigma(x)\subset ...
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1answer
346 views

Spectrum of Laplacian in non-compact manifolds

What can be said about the spectrum of the Laplace-Beltrami operator on a non-compact, complete Riemannian manifold of finite volume? For example, is the point spectrum non-empty? What would be a ...
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1answer
217 views

Spectral measure and Stone's theorem

Let $T$ be an unbounded self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space and let $E(\lambda )$ be the associated spectral measure and $R(\lambda ) = (T-\lambda )^{-1}$ the resolvent. By Stone's theorem we ...
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0answers
113 views

expected inverse of circulant plus random diagonal

I have a deterministic circulant matrix $R$ and a random diagonal matrix $X$ where all elements are IID and positive. I need to determine the expected inverse of $R+X$, that is: Evaluate, in closed, ...
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0answers
80 views

“Almost orthogonalizing” matrices using a signature matrix

Suppose $A$ and $B$ are two real symmetric $n \times n$ matrices (If simpler, consider $A$ and $B$ to be 0/1 matrices, say, adjacency matrices of d-regular graphs). Then $||AB||_{op} \leq ...
4
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1answer
92 views

Examples of optimal ultracontractivity estimates for a Markovian semigroup $T_t$ that do not depend polynomialy on $t$

Let $(X,\mu)$ be a measure space and $T_t : L_2(\mu) \to L_2(\mu)$ for $t \geq 0$ a symmetric Markovian semigroup. Local ultracontractivity estimates of the form: $$ \| T_t : L_p(\mu) \to L_q(\mu)\| ...
15
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1answer
287 views

Avoiding integers in the spectrum of the Laplacian of a Riemann surface

Let $\Sigma^2$ be an orientable compact surface of genus $gen(\Sigma)\geq2$, and denote by $\mathcal M(\Sigma)$ the moduli space of hyperbolic metrics on $\Sigma$, i.e., Riemannian metrics of constant ...
5
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1answer
212 views

Separating the spectrum of a Hermitian matrix

Given Hermitian matrix $A$, I would like to perturbate it so that its eigenvalues become well-separated. Specifically, let $A$ be some Hermitian matrix, and let $G$ be a Gaussian matrix, with each ...
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0answers
78 views

Spectrum of an operator from Transpose sum

I was wondering if there is anything we can know about the spectrum of an operator $A$ if we know that $M = A + A^{T}$ is a positive operator?
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0answers
72 views

Origin of spectral theory on infinite-area hyperbolic surfaces

The study of spectral theory of finite-area hyperbolic surfaces is intimately related to number theory, in particular by the importance of Maass cusp forms. The counting of resonances is of ...
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0answers
133 views

Constructing an $\epsilon$-net for a Lipschitz subspace of $L^2$

Let $X$ be a subset of $L^2([0,1])$ which contains only Lipschitz function. Also, the member of $X$ are uniformly bounded $$ |x(t)| < M, \text{ for all $x \in X$ and $t \in [0,1]$}. $$ Let $F: X ...
4
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1answer
143 views

Eigenvalues vs resonances

I understand that for infinite-area hyperbolic surfaces, there are no $L^2$-eigenfunctions of the Laplace-Beltrami operator but there are a lot resonances. But I am confused about the notion of ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

positive semidefinite matrix condition

There is a great work of Alizadeh that in section 4 speaks about Minimizing sum of the first few(k-largest) eigenvalues of a symmetric matrix. Instead of a symmetric model we use the weighted ...
1
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1answer
286 views

Asymptotic of the heat kernel

This is the same question I asked in stackexchange: http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/519152/asymptotic-of-the-heat-kernel I read Proposition 3.23(page 101) in Rosenberg's book "The Laplacian ...
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0answers
86 views

Distribute Monte Carlo samples among dimensions

Simplified problem: Given a $d$-times nested convolution of an input function $g(x):\mathbb{R}\mapsto \mathbb{R}$ with the same band-limited smooth function $f(x):\mathbb{R}\mapsto \mathbb{R}$. I am ...
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3answers
232 views

Spectrum of Dirichlet Laplacian on a Parallelogram

Let $ M \subset \mathbb{R}^2 $ be parallelogram constructed by putting together two equilateral triangles (so that all sides of the parallelogram have length 1, and the internal angles are 60 and ...
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0answers
70 views

What are the boundary asymptotics of harmonic symmetric transverse traceless rank-s tensors on $\mathbb{H}^n$ in the Poincare upper-half-space model? [closed]

This question is motivated by the results in this paper, http://calvino.polito.it/~camporesi/JMP94.pdf In this paper some of its most important results about the asymptotics of symmetric traceless ...
3
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2answers
201 views

A version of the spectral theorem for group actions

Suppose $G$ is a sufficiently nice (maybe locally compact and abelian) group which acts on the separable Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$ by unitary transformations. Is there a generalization of the ...
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1answer
199 views

Trace, eigenvalues and functional calculus

Let $T$ be a (possibly unbounded) self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space. Assume that we for some reason know that the point spectrum of $T$ consists of a finite number of eigenvalues $\lambda _1, ...
2
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0answers
210 views

Versions of the spectral theorem

Since any $C^*$-algebra can be represented as an algebra of bounded operators $\mathcal{B(H)}$ on a Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$, the spectral theorem applies to all $C^*$-algebras: ($*$) ...
4
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1answer
158 views

A.C. spectrum of the non additive perturbation BAB of a self-adjoint operator A where B is strictly positive

If have the following problem: Let $A : \mathcal{H} \to \mathcal{H}$ be a bounded, self-adjoint operator on some Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. Let $B: \mathcal{H} \to \mathcal{H}$ be a bounded, ...