Schrodinger operators, operators on manifolds, general differential operators, numerical studies, integral operators, discrete models, resonances, non-self-adjoint operators, random operators/matrices

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Spectral radius of a column stochastic matrix perturbed by a rank-1 matrix

$P\in \mathbb{R}^{n\times n}$ is an irreducible column stochastic matrix. $P$ is also diagonally dominant. $w \in \mathbb{R}^{n} $ is a strictly positive vector satisfying $w^T \mathbf{1} = 1$ where ...
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1answer
144 views

Analytic perturbation of eigenfunctions

Consider a domain $\Omega_0 \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, and deformations of $\Omega_0$, called $\Omega_t$, obtained by a one-to-one mapping $x \mapsto x + t\varphi (x)$, where $\varphi$ is smooth. It is ...
5
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134 views

Characterizing matrices with rank constraint

Given matrix $M\in\Bbb Z_{\geq0,\leq b}^{n\times n}$, is there a nice method to characterize $$\mathscr{D}[M,b]=\{Q\in\Bbb R_{\geq0,\leq b}^{n\times n}:\mathsf{rank}(M-Q)= \mathsf{rank}(Q),\quad ...
3
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1answer
64 views

Composition of spectral measures

Let $f: \mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be a measurable function, $H$ some Hilbert space and $$ f_E := \int_{\mathbb{R}} f dE$$ for some spectral measure $E$. Now, my question is: When do we have ...
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70 views

Normal points of an operator and discrete eigenvalues

Let $\mathcal{H}$ and $\mathcal{L}({\mathcal{H}})$ denote a separable Hilbert space and the set of bounded linear operators on it respectively. As a graduate student entering the field of ...
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1answer
38 views

Characterisation of a matrix ordering property

Let $n$ be a positive integer; we consider all matrices mentioned henceforth to be $n$-by-$n$ matrices. Let $A$ and $B$ be matrices wherein all entries are nonnegative (such matrices will be called ...
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60 views

Discrete p-Laplacian

One of the definitions of the discrete (weighted) $p$-Laplacian is the following: $$\Delta_{p,w}u(x):=\sum_y |u(y)-u(x)|^{p-2}(u(y)-u(x))w(x,y).$$ Consider the one dimensional case. Then the free ...
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67 views

Spectrum of convolution operator

This question was asked already on Stack Exchange under http://math.stackexchange.com/q/1114095 . It might be not on a research level, but as it could not be answered on Stack Exchange, I hope for ...
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2answers
82 views

Matching polynomials and Ramanujan graphs

Is it purely coincidental that the same number $2\sqrt{d-1}$ appears in these two following apparently disparate concepts? A $d-$regular graph is said to be called Ramanujan if its adjacency ...
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3answers
277 views

Lower bound for spectral radius on $\operatorname{GL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$

Consider the group of matrices $G =\operatorname{GL}(n,\mathbb{Z})$ with integer entries and determinant $\pm 1$. For each matrix $D \in G$, the product of the eigenvalues of $D$ is equal to $\det D ...
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49 views

Eigenvalues to Dirichlet Laplacian in hyperbolic plane

I'm interested in the study of the spectrum of the Laplacian in hyperbolic plane with Dirichlet boundary conditions. My question is whether one knows explicit domains for whom the eigenvalues are ...
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58 views

Unitary transformation of a Hermitian indefinite pencil to a real non-symmetric pencil

Given a Hermitian indefinite pencil $(A-\lambda B)$ where both $A=A^H$ and $B=B^H \in \mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$ are possibly indefinite, it is straightforward to show that the eigenvalues are either ...
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1answer
178 views

adjoint of this closed (?) operator

I am currently dealing with an unbounded operator $T:\{f \in L^2(-2\pi,2\pi); f \in AC((-2\pi,2\pi)), T(f) \in L^2, \lim_{x \rightarrow \pm 2 \pi} f(x)g(x)=0\} \subset L^2(-2\pi,2\pi)\rightarrow ...
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1answer
91 views

Graph lifts and representation theory

Is there any connection known between the two? One can naturally define lifts of graphs by groups like $\mathbb{Z}_k$ and hence I wonder if representation theoretic properties can be used to say ...
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1answer
98 views

Proper domain for operators

in this paper on arxiv in equation 27, two operators $$A_m^* = (1-x^2)^{\frac{1}{2}} \frac{d}{dx} + \frac{mx}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}$$ and $$A_m = - \frac{d}{dx}(1-x^2)^{\frac{1}{2}} + ...
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1answer
74 views

Functional equations for spectral zeta function

Functional equation in the theory of zeta functions is one of the important components of this theory. I am interested to know whether the similar property, having functional equation, for the ...
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1answer
87 views

When is a $2$-lift of a graph connected? [closed]

Let $\ (V\ E)\ $ be a graph, i.e. $\ E\subseteq\binom V2.\ $ A $2$-lift pattern of a graph is a function $\ e:E\rightarrow\{-1\,\ 1\}.\ $ The induced 2-lift is defined as the graph $\ V\times\{-1\,\ ...
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62 views

Signed Laplacians and Ramanujan graphs

Given a signing/2-lift matrix $A_s$ of a $d-$regular graph one has the relationship that the ``Signed Laplacian" is $L = d + A_s$. This $L$ is still the same size as the base graph. But the lifted ...
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1answer
56 views

Laplacian spectrum of $2-$lifts of graphs

We know that a $2-$ lift of a graph is specified by a $\pm 1$ assignment on the edges of the graph ( given as a signing matrix) denoting which edge is to be duplicated by the identity permutation on ...
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131 views

The Bilu-Linial conjecture and Ramanujan graphs

The Bilu-Linial conjecture claims that every $d-$regular graph has a $2-$lift such that for the signing matrix has its eigenvalues between $[-2\sqrt{d-1},2\sqrt{d-1}]$ (the ``signing matrix" is the ...
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1answer
135 views

Are these particular kinds of matrices well known?

Given two positive integers $n$ and $a \leq \frac{n}{2}$ consider a $n \times n$ matrix $A$ such that, all the diagonal entries are either $a$ or $a+1$ all the non-zero off-diagonal entries are ...
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2answers
90 views

About adding a negative definite rank-1 matrix to a symmetric matrix

If $B$ is a symmetric matrix then how do its eigenvalues compare to the eigenvalues of $B - vv^T$? ( where $v$ is a vector of the same dimension as $B$) I guess that the eigenvalues of $B - vv^T$ ...
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0answers
64 views

Distribution of a signal covariance matrix

A common estimation problem in signal processing assumes the following signal model \begin{equation} \mathbf{r} = \sum_{i=1}^{Q}\alpha_i\mathbf{s}\left(w_i\right)+\mathbf{n} \end{equation} where ...
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2answers
116 views

Examples of potentials for which Schrödinger equation lacks discrete points in continuous spectrum

In Landau, Lifshitz, "Quantum Mechanics, non-relativistic theory" in $\S18$ "The fundamental properties of Schrödinger's equation" the following is said about potential $U(x,y,z)$ in a footnote: ...
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2answers
645 views

What is a “Ramanujan Graph”?

I noticed an apparent conflict in the definition in literature about what is a "Ramanujan graph, which I was wondering if someone could kindly clarify. (1) The Hoory-Linial-Wigderson review on ...
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1answer
193 views

Domains of raising and lowering operators in QM

I should add that what is known in physics as SUSY QM, is often called the Crum-Darboux method in Mathematics, so don't be confused about this. Let $H : \operatorname{dom}(H) \subset L^2(\Omega) ...
6
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1answer
236 views

Do perfect matching(s) have signatures in the graph eigenvalues?

If the edges of a bipartite graph are such that they can be seen as a disjoint union of perfect matchings then will this somehow reflect in the eigenvalues of the Laplacian? It would be helpful to ...
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4answers
292 views

Are these three different notions of a graph Laplacian?

I seem to see three different things that are being called the Laplacian of a graph, One is the matrix $L_1 = D - A$ where $D$ is a diagonal matrix consisting of degrees of all the vertices and $A$ ...
7
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1answer
250 views

Bounded operator on a normed space with empty spectrum

A bounded operator acting on a complex Banach space has non-empty spectrum, and the proof of this fact uses the completeness of the space. Is there any example of bounded operator acting on a ...
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1answer
158 views

Orthogonal projection

Let $G$ be an operator with compact resolvent on a Hilbert space $H$ such that $\ker G \neq \{0\}$. Further let $P$ be the orthogonal projection onto $\ker G$, and let $G_{0} := G+P$. My question is: ...
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672 views

What is the best reference for Spectral theory?

I'm studying Bernard Aupetit: A Primer on Spectral Theory but the textbook we are using is a little bit heavy going for me. Is there a best book to learn about these things? Thank you.
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1answer
113 views

significance of the Fučík spectrum

The Fučík spectrum seems to gain momentum among people working on spectral theory, with almost 300 articles published on this topic over the last 5 years, according to Google scholar. There exist ...
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3answers
379 views

Is there a continuous analogue of Ramanujan graphs?

I think it might help to think of the following definition of a Ramanujan graph - a graph whose non-trivial eigenvalues are such that their magnitude is bounded above by the spectral radius of its ...
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1answer
114 views

Eigenfunction of ergodic skew product fixed by commutator?

Background: Let $(Y, \mathcal{B},\mu,T)$ be an ergodic probability system and let $G$ be a compact metrizable group with compact subgroup $H$. Given a measurable map $\rho:Y \to G$. We may define the ...
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106 views

The representation-theoretic nature of an operator resolvent

Consider parameter $s$ in definition of $R(s,A)=(s I - A)^{-1}$ where $A$ is a linear operator in a vector space $X$. When $X$ is over $\mathbb{C}$, then $s$ is thought to be a complex number. Now ...
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1answer
81 views

What is the expression of first eigen function of Laplacian on Hyperbolic plane?

Let $\Delta$ be the Laplacian (a positive operator) on $H^2$ the hyperbolic plane. My question is what is the expression of the eigenfunction $\Delta f= f/4$? (say in the ploar coordiante)
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1answer
89 views

Limit-circle and limit-point at endpoints

I was wondering if the following holds: If you have an ODE $$-y''(x) + q(x) y(x) = \lambda y(x)$$ on a finite interval $(a,b)$ and you know that this equation is limit-circle or limit-point at the ...
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0answers
50 views

Estimation of growth rate of spectral radius

I have following problem: Let the spectral radius of $S=(a_{ij})_{n\times n}$ be $\lambda>1$, where each $a_{i,j}$ is a positive integer, then we have that $$\lim_{k\to ...
3
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1answer
126 views

Has uniform ellipticity implications on the spectrum?

Let $X$ be a complete Riemann surface with a smooth metric, and $L$ a line bundle on it also equipped with a smooth metric; associated to this data there is a Laplace-Beltrami operator $D_L$ acting on ...
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125 views

Weyl law for Maass forms with nontrivial character

The classical Weyl law for $\Gamma = \mathrm{SL}_2(\mathbb{Z})$ counts the number of Maass cusp forms on $\Gamma \backslash \mathbb{H}$ with Laplace eigenvalue less than $T$. This is originally due to ...
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101 views

Log of heat kernel for positive time

A well-known theorem by Varadhan relates the logarithm of the heat kernel on a manifold and the geodesic distance function. In particular, if $d(x,y)$ is geodesic distance from $x$ to $y$ and ...
2
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170 views

Eigenvalues of this matrix

I have a linear map that is defined by $$T:\text{lin}(1,...,x^m) \rightarrow \text{lin}(1,...,x^m) \text{ with}$$ $$x^k \mapsto 2w(k-m)x^{k+1}+(k^2-k-w^2)x^k-2kwx^{k-1}+(k-k^2)x^{k-2}$$ Let me give a ...
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1answer
89 views

Can we count isospectral graphs?

On n-vertices, how many isospectral graphs exist? [..I saw this previous "historic" discussion between two of the stalwarts in this field - Operation on Isospectral graphs ] Given a graph are ...
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99 views

Examples for Markov generators with pure point spectrum

I'm looking at symmetric diffusion Markov generators $L$ with pure point spectrum, i.e. infinitesimal generators of symmetric diffusion Markov semigroups, which are defined on $L^2(\mu)$ where $\mu$ ...
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1answer
166 views

Laplacian eigenfunction $L^p$ norms

Suppose I have a compact surface (possibly with boundary), and consider the eigenfunctions of the Laplacian, normalized so that their $L^2$ norms are $1.$ Is there some general result or conjecture on ...
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1answer
273 views

Error in Maurins proof for the nuclear spectral theorem?

I am currently studying the nuclear spectral theorem as presented in K. Maurins Monograph "General Eigenfunction Expansions and Unitary Representations of Topological Groups", second chapter or ...
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1answer
115 views

Can the graph Laplacian be well approximated by a Laplace-Beltrami operator?

It seems rather well known that given a Laplace-Beltrami operator $\mathcal{L}_{M}$ on a manifold $M$ we can approximate its spectrum by that of a graph Laplacian $L_{G}$ for some $G$ (where $G$ is ...
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1answer
144 views

Lp estimate for resolvent of Laplace operator

Consider for $1<p<\infty$ operator $A_p:L_p(0,1)\to L_p(0,1), \ D(A_p)=\{u\in W^2_p(0,1): u'(0)=u'(1)=0\}, \ A_pu=u''$, i.e. $L_p$-realisation of the Laplace operator with Neumann bcd on the ...
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1answer
228 views

Spectrum of this ODE

I noticed something interesting studying this Sturm-Liouville Problem: $$ \frac{d}{dx}\left(\sqrt{(1-x^{2})}\frac{df}{dx} \right)+\frac{\left(n \alpha x+\alpha^2 x^{2} + ...
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102 views

Equivalence of Positive Matrix in Infinite Dimensional Vector Space

What is the corresponding linear operator on an infinite dimensional vector space, say a Banach space or Hilbert space, to the nonnegative matrix on a finite dimensional vector space? What is the ...