**6**

votes

**0**answers

436 views

### Any reason to believe that $NP \neq P$ is unprovable in ZFC

We know $NP \neq P$ from a lot of point of view like empirical reason,or theoretical reasons such as finite model theory or descriptive complexity.Although we find so many reasons to believe $NP \neq ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

416 views

### Cases of Mathematical Fraud [closed]

Are there any cases of Mathematical Fraud?
Analogous to other sorts of "scientific misconduct" it could be intentional [1], unintentional [2] or other [4].
[1]: Schoen Scandal ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

138 views

### Software producing complex trees

Does anyone know any kind of graph software that could produce graphs like this for publication? Those links and crosses and numbers actually needs to be presented…. Thank you:)
One small update, ...

**25**

votes

**9**answers

2k views

### Continuous relations?

What might it mean for a relation $R\subset X\times Y$ to be continuous? In topology, category theory or in analysis? Is it possible, canonical, useful?
I have a vague idea of the possibility of ...

**18**

votes

**7**answers

1k views

### Where to find (personal) motivation [closed]

I think it would be appropriate to make this question CW...
It is likely that this question will not survive here on MO for long, but I do hope that the community gives it a chance. I also hope to ...

**-4**

votes

**1**answer

445 views

### Publishing problem [closed]

First, I want appreciate your work on this platform, as I have been getting very helpful advice even though I am not a member. My problem is that I have been working on-off on a famous math problem ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

484 views

### Lower bound on the irrationality measure of $\pi$

There seems to be a lot of work on the upper bound for the irrationality measure of $\pi$, but I could not find anything on a lower bound except the general $\mu(\pi)\geq2$. Looks like it is the best ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

621 views

### Why considering schemes over discrete valuation rings?

For many times, I find people working on schemes over DVRs, and prove theorems on such setting. For example, my latest experience is the "semi-stable reduction theorem" by Kempf, Knudsen, Mumford and ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

384 views

### Construction of the Lie functor: left vs. right invariant vector fields on Lie groups and Lie groupoids

When constructing the Lie algebra $L(G)$ of a Lie group $G$, one usually uses the identification of the tangent space $T_1 G$ with left invariant vector fields $\mathcal{V}^l(G)$ to construct the Lie ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### ICM 2014 streaming video

Is there a possibility to watch ICM 2014 opening ceremony and the big talks online?
I hope there is since it was possible for the previous meeting.

**5**

votes

**2**answers

835 views

### Salvaging Leibnizian formalism?

Can one justify Leibniz's formalism in a suitable algebraic or topological context?
We have published some papers recently where we argue that Leibniz's formalism for the calculus wasn't ...

**125**

votes

**27**answers

30k views

### Examples of unexpected mathematical images

I try to generate a lot of examples in my research to get a better feel for what I am doing. Sometimes, I generate a plot, or a figure, that really surprises me, and makes my research take an ...

**33**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### A topologist is not a mathematician - a small question

Years ago I read about a topologist who was to enter the states as an immigrant and was asked a question about his profession. He indicated he was a topologist, but as this was not included on the ...

**15**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Examples of research on how people perceive mathematical objects

What examples are there on research related to human perception and mathematical objects?
For example, the shape of a beer glass influences drinking habits,
since people are bad at integrating.
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### Looking for rapidly converging series for the reciprocal gamma and/or gamma function

There are rapidly converging infinite series for Pi and the such but it is difficult to locate those for either the gamma or reciprocal gamma function. I am searching for rapidly converging series ...

**27**

votes

**15**answers

5k views

### Examples of famous 'workhorse' theorems

I use the term 'workhorse' to describe a theorem which is technically challenging to prove, perhaps very deep, but the statement is either uninteresting at first glance or too imposing to be ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

580 views

### Should all equations which appear in a thesis be numbered?

I was just wondering if there is any sort of consensus on the topic of when to number math expressions.
For example different lines in a proof, these should be tagged or not tagged?

**32**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Negative impact of wrong or non-rigorous proofs

The recent talks of Voevodsky (for example, http://www.math.ias.edu/~vladimir/Site3/Univalent_Foundations_files/2014_IAS.pdf), which describe subtle errors in proofs by him as well as others, as well ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Proof correctness problem

I was watching this talk by Vladimir Voevodsky which was given at the Institute of Advanced Study in 2006.
In his talk the first slide he shows has the following written on it:
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

510 views

### Refereeing a paper containing strong statements about other papers

The title says it all. Suppose you are refereeing a paper where the author A makes strong statements about other papers by a different author B, like: the proof of Theorem 1 in paper [B] is wrong and ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

219 views

### Countable model theory for $\omega$-stable theories?

This is a bit of a fishing expedition, because I'm not sure what I'm looking for. Very vaguely stated, here's the driving question:
What conditions on an $\omega$-stable theory make the class of ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

299 views

### Which fields could be applied to neurosciences?

I have a friend who wants to study something applied to neurosciences. He is going to begin his grad studies in mathematics.
He asked me which areas of mathematics could be applied to neurosciences.
...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Reading Papers in a Language you don't Speak

First, I apologize if I'm posting this to the wrong place, but it seems correct.
My adviser sent me the SGA text of Grothendieck which is in French. Though I can piece together parts of the text, I'm ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

226 views

### Literature that helps explain what the theory of numerosities contributes with

Since 2003 a group of Italian mathematicians (Benci, Di Nasso and Forti) has developed a new measure for infinite sets that satisfies the Euclidian principle: The whole is greater than the part. The ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Almost everywhere in a rectangle [duplicate]

I would like to ask a question about the product (Lebesgue) measure on rectangle. I tried to solve the problem but I couldn't.
Let $S$ be a subset of a region, say $R$ which is enclosed by a ...

**91**

votes

**17**answers

9k views

### How does one justify funding for mathematics research?

G. H. Hardy's A Mathematician's Apology provides an answer as to why one would do mathematics, but I'm unable to find an answer as to why mathematics deserves public funding. Mathematics can be ...

**38**

votes

**8**answers

4k views

### What recent programmes to alter highly-entrenched mathematical terminology have succeeded, and under what conditions do they tend to succeed or fail?

I think we all occasionally come across terminology that we'd like to see supplanted (e.g. by something more systematic). What I'd like to know is, under what circumstances is it reasonable to believe ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

678 views

### Differences in philosophy between Lie Groups and Differential Galois Theory

As far as I have heard,Sophus Lie's aim was to construct an analogue of galois theory for differential galois theory. I am familiar with lie group but not with differential galois theory. What is the ...

**33**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Do's and don'ts of writing survey papers

I am not sure if this is the appropriate forum to ask as it is not directly related to a research level (math) problem, but I figured it was worth a try. I recently attended a conference and felt that ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

229 views

### Why is the density function of a sum of many iid random variables (i.e., the Gaussian) self-dual?

In the usual proof of the central limit theorem via characteristic functions, we note that if $X_1, \dots, X_n$ are independent and identically distributed, with probability density function $f(x)$, ...

**22**

votes

**0**answers

636 views

### Good ways to organize old personal mathematical resources

I am wondering how the other Mathematicians organize their old mathematical resources, like calculation drafts, class and seminar notes etc.
These old resources may be related to a wide range of ...

**28**

votes

**26**answers

5k views

### Mathematicians who made important contributions outside their own field? [closed]

It is often said that scientists who cross disciplinary borders can make unexpected discoveries thanks to their fresh view of the problems at hand.
I am looking for mathematicians who did just that. ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

226 views

### What do Hilbert and Bernays mean when they say “finitist number theory”? [closed]

Perhaps it is not a fair question to be addressed here. Anyway, when I read that Hilbert and Bernays develop finitist number theory. What does "finitist number theory" mean here?

**6**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Optical methods for number theory?

I found a paper: 'A New Method of Finding the Distribution of Prime Number', saying
We stack discs and annuluses with certain rules then turn on the light to illuminate. The projection of ...

**30**

votes

**9**answers

6k views

### Why differential forms are important?

Importance of differential forms is obvious to any geometer and some analysts dealing with manifolds, partly because so many results in modern geometry and related areas cannot even be formulated ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

441 views

### Are there any organized websites for seminar/conference videos?

These days, there are many conference centers and universities recording seminars and conference talks and make them available on the web. Some examples:
http://www.fields.utoronto.ca/video-archive
...

**107**

votes

**10**answers

7k views

### What non-categorical applications are there of homotopical algebra?

(To be honest, I actually mean something more general than 'homotopical algebra' - topos theory, $\infty$-categories, operads, anything that sounds like its natural home would be on the nLab.)
More ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

89 views

### Choice of MIP (mixed integer programming) solver

I would start using MIP solver for the research on the tiling.
I know (heard of) the open source solver jump:
https://github.com/JuliaOpt/JuMP.jl
and also the gold standard solver from IBM cplex.
...

**78**

votes

**6**answers

8k views

### Mistakes in mathematics, false illusions about conjectures

Since long time ago I have been thinking in two problems that I have not been able to solve. It seems that one of them was recently solved. I have been thinking a lot about the motivation and its ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

438 views

### Sources to find industrial jobs for mathematicians with a Ph.D., or with advanced backgrounds? (preferably research positions but not necessarily)

Several companies (google, IBM etc.) are known to hire mathematicians with advanced degrees (Ph.D. and so) to work in different sectors; I mean mostly research oriented positions in industry but could ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

523 views

### Guidelines for writing proofs in math papers [closed]

In the light of the recent "proof wars" in symplectic geometry (in which some groups contend that proofs given by some other groups are wrong, see here, here and here) I thought it would be good to ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

917 views

### Why can't mathematics be formalised in terms of classes rather than sets? [closed]

I've always been curious about the seeming compulsion to found mathematics upon sets, be it ZF(C) or some other system. Of course, there are other approaches these days like category theory and type ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

753 views

### Correct spelling of names, Chebychev and Cholesky [closed]

I'm writing a paper on orthogonal polynomials and I have to cite results by Chebychev and Cholesky. I found several and different translitterations from Russian. I wonder if there is a standard and ...

**18**

votes

**8**answers

1k views

### Should a theorem be numbered by where it is first stated or where it is proven?

Suppose I am writing a paper in which an important lemma has a proof which is either long and unenlightening or requires additional background of the reader (or both). Thus, to avoid disrupting the ...

**23**

votes

**4**answers

948 views

### Which journals allow authors to retain copyright…?

I became motivated to ask this question after seeing the inspiring "© The Author(s) 2013 " in the header of this very interesting article, published in Compositio Mathematica.
Apart from open access ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Does formalizing math require search and creativity, or is it near-mechanical?

I remember reading somewhere that it takes about a week to convert a page of math into something a proof-assistant like Isabelle or HOL Light would accept.
Is this type of conversion something that ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

815 views

### What is the critical idea behind Hardy-Littlewood circle method?

I want to know what the critical idea behind Hardy-Littlewood circle method is. It seems that they divide the circle into major arcs and minor arcs to ignore the singularities of generating function ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

288 views

### Where can I find resources for creating a mathematics “bridge course”?

My department is in the very early stages of developing a "bridge course" or "introduction to proofs" course, motivated by our lower-level courses not currently doing a good job of preparing our ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### Choosing Notation for Variable Substitution into Derivative Expressed with Differentials [closed]

Consider function $f(x)$. I've counted 4 possible notations to write a derivative of $f(x)$ at point $x = a$:
$f'(a)$;
$\frac{\operatorname{d}{f(a)}}{\operatorname{d}x}$;
...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

336 views

### Punctuation and Other Rules for Variables and Their Verbal Definitions in Math Narrative [closed]

To better understand what I'm asking about, let's immediately define some examples. Imagine that you are writing some paper which involves a lot of math narrative. And you have a term, say, computing ...