**2**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### English translation of Gauss' “Principia generalia theoriae figurae fluidorum in statu aequilibri”

I have been unable to locate an English translation of Gauss' work, "Principia generalia theoriae figurae fluidorum in statu aequilibri".
A German translation exists (PDF), but my German is not quite ...

**30**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### Is it worthwhile to give off-topic talks?

I am a graduate student. Occasionally for some reason I am asked to give a talk on my research at a conference whose stated purpose is almost completely unrelated to my research. To preserve my ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

508 views

### a conjecture in sum-free sets

Let $ A $ be a set of non-zero integers. Then $A$ contains a sum-free subset $B$ of size $ |B|> \frac{|A|}{3} $ (a result of Erdős). It is conjectured that RHS can be improved to $\frac{|A|}{3} ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Name of the concept “Topological boundary of A intersected with A”

In closure spaces (thus, also in topological spaces), one may define the boundary of a set A as the closure of A minus the interior of A. This set is partitioned into "the closure of A minus A" and "A ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

336 views

### What does it mean for a Deligne-Mumford stack to have trivial generic stabilizers?

I have stumbled upon some literature on Deligne-Mumford stacks, and it seems to me, at least superficially, that there is a strong link between DM-stacks which have "trivial generic stabilizers" and ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### How difficult will it be for me to switch fields (details below) after my Ph.D. in pure mathematics?

I'm a first year postdoctoral researcher, working in pure areas of Riemann surfaces and differential geometry, after just finishing my Ph.D. in 2013. Recently I've also started taking interest in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

292 views

### Examples of Quot schemes

I'm studying Quot schemes, that I denote with $Quot_{N,X,P}$, with $N \in \mathbb{Z}$, $X \subset \mathbb{P}^d$ and $P \in \mathbb{Q}[t]$. So, I'm looking for explicit examples of Quot schemes. Could ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

446 views

### Model structure for cooperads and for coalgebras

I am studying the homotopy theory of (algebraic) operads and I came up with several questions I am unable to answer to. I would like to stress that I don't have applications in mind, I just would like ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

425 views

### Is Logic/Set Theory necessary for studying Topos Theory?

I have just completed a postgraduate course, in which I studied Category Theory, without having a background in Set Theory and Logic - this probably already sounds absurd to many. This did not seem to ...

**10**

votes

**5**answers

657 views

### Accessible proofs of contemporary results in mathematics

Are there strong results in contemporary mathematical research (last 20 years) which have a proof which every mathematician (holding a PhD) can completely understand within a few days? -- If yes, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

491 views

### Equal signs with fancy marks

Some people use $\stackrel{\mathrm{def}}{=}$, $:=$ or $\stackrel{\Delta}{=}$ for definitions.
In more informal contexts, I have also seen $\stackrel{?}{=}$, for "I wish to prove this equality, which ...

**43**

votes

**9**answers

3k views

### What is entropy, really?

I first saw the term "entropy" in a chemistry course while studying thermodynamics.
During my graduate studies I encountered the term in many different areas of mathematics.
Can anyone explain why ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

332 views

### On Mathematicians Who Did Their Masterworks After 40 Years Old [duplicate]

Remark: The idea of this soft question is adopted from the following interesting book.
Timothy Gowers, Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford University Press, 2002.
...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

205 views

### Natural $\Pi^1_2$ (or worse) classes of structures?

(To clarify, my interest is mainly lightface, that is, $\Pi^1_2$ instead of $\bf \Pi^1_2$, although it doesn't particularly matter.)
This is just an idle curiosity. In logic, I find myself frequently ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

282 views

### Is “ultracompact” taken?

Almost-huge cardinals are characterizable in terms of coherent towers of supercompactness measures, with a certain property of the direct limit model (see Kanamori's book). A useful large cardinal ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

826 views

### Why is there a connection between enumerative geometry and nonlinear waves?

I'm not 100% sure that this question is appropriate for this site. If it's not, please tell me and I'll delete it.
Recently I encountered in a class the fact that there is a generating function of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

304 views

### about an ISI journal [closed]

I have a question that I don't know where I can ask it and so I prefer to ask it here.
I submitted one of my paper in an ISI journal in september 2011 for possible accepting and publishing there. ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### What is the source of this E̶r̶d̶ő̶s̶ quote?

Namely, the following one
"All problems appeared once in the [American Mathematical] Monthly."
I remember reading it several years ago... When I first posed the question, I believed that I had ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### What does a theoretical mathematician do? [closed]

I'm 12, and really like mathematics and physics. I was just wondering what does a 'theoretical mathematician' do?

**5**

votes

**3**answers

544 views

### New trends in Applied Graph Theory [closed]

What are current trends in Applied Graph Theory? I am interested mainly in non-algorithmical problems. Maybe even in applications of graphs to other mathematical disciplines. For example, abstract ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

229 views

### Quadratic variation for discrete Martingale

Is there any analogue of continuous martingale quadratic variation for the discrete case? If so, are there any theorems which characterize simple random walk using quadratic variation - similar to ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

770 views

### Writing Mathematics : Linking words

I'm trying to write mathematics in English and I'm clearly missing something : linking words. I'm writing "so, we get", "Observe that" too many times and I'm afraid to use some expressions : "it ...

**78**

votes

**10**answers

11k views

### Work of plenary speakers at ICM 2014

The next International Congress of Mathematicians (ICM) will take place in 2014 in Seoul, Korea. The present question is meant to gather brief overviews of the work of the plenary speakers for the ICM ...

**6**

votes

**6**answers

329 views

### Physical Disturbances to Computations [closed]

In this paper, page 7 (160 of the Journal), Fig 3, there is a particularly amusing (not to the authors!) caption:
"... On April 1 of year 2 in the $S_0$ experiment, the computer was hit by a cosmic ...

**25**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Does seeing beyond the course you teach matter? The case of linear algebra and matrices

This question is indeed very important for me. Thus I hope you bear with my subjective explanations for a few minutes. I am an "excellent" lecturer, at least according to course evaluation forms ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

214 views

### English version of “Quasi-Hopf Algebras”

I was wondering where I can find a pdf of Drinfeld's paper "Quasi-Hopf Algebras," which formulated the Grothendieck-Teichmuller group. The Russian version is in Algebra i Analiz, 1:6 (1989), 114–148, ...

**40**

votes

**7**answers

5k views

### How do you not forget old math?

I am trying to not forget my old math. I finished my PhD in real algebraic geometry a few years ago and then switched to the industry for financial reasons. Now I get the feeling that I want to do a ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

486 views

### Is there a 3d equivalent of this picture?

This question arises apropos of an earlier question I asked that was (VERY!!!) helpfully answered by Anton Petrunin:
Fitting a mesh to a density function
The picture below is the image of a regular ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

789 views

### Where to break paragraphs in a proof?

I have some rules of thumb about writing research papers that I can actually articulate. For example, leave all definitions as late as possible (but not later!), so the reader won't fear "Do I need to ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

478 views

### Industry jobs involving mathematics, machine learning and biology [closed]

I have a MSc in Mathematics and a PhD in Bioinformatics (in two different European countries); during the PhD I was developing computational methods to analyse DNA sequence data, mainly using a ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Papers better than books?

Not so long ago I took a class called "Discrete analysis". I remember that I couldn't find any "novice" level material on Mobius functions in combinatorics. So then I went to the roots and read Rota's ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

492 views

### Hilbert style axiomatic proof or sequent Calculus?

I am puzzling with the question which of the two proof systems (Hilbert style axiomatic proofs or substructural Sequent Calculi) is the most discriminatory?
With discriminatory I mean is which proof ...

**38**

votes

**18**answers

5k views

### What are some deep theorems, and why are they considered deep?

All mathematicians are used to thinking that certain theorems are deep, and we would probably all point to examples such as Dirichlet's theorem on primes in arithmetic progressions, the prime number ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

470 views

### Naive question on adelic groups

The ever-reliable Wikipedia says:
... an adelic algebraic group is a semitopological group defined by...
No more details are given, and I was wondering if the multiplication only being ...

**18**

votes

**5**answers

670 views

### Online high quality colloquium talks

In my department we're thinking about showing online lectures one day per week at lunch, as sort of a virtual colloquium appropriate to mathematics undergraduates as well as faculty. To start with ...

**23**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Contemporary mathematical themes

The presence of fruitful mathematical themes suggests the unity of mathematics. What I mean by a mathematical theme here is a basic idea or guiding principle that motivates or directs the central ...

**2**

votes

**5**answers

254 views

### Equivalence relations not associated with a group

This is a vague question; so vague that I wonder if anyone will get it. Many, perhaps most, equivalence relations that are regularly used in mathematics correspond to the orbits of some group action ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

639 views

### What are current trends/questions in algebraic logic?

What are current trends/questions in algebraic logic? I mean the research developed by Paul Halmos.
Could anyone give some references for the overview of its history? Any overview of its application ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

472 views

### What are good ways to present proofs of theorems requiring auxiliary lemmas? [closed]

I am writing an academic paper for submission to a journal. One of my co-authors wrote the following:
Theorem Statement of the theorem
Proof of theorem We first show the following result
...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

875 views

### Rigid analytic spaces vs Berkovich spaces vs Formal schemes

I wonder if someone could explain briefly what is the relation between these 3 formal models, of a Berkovich space, a rigid analytic space and a formal scheme?
I have been working with formal schemes ...

**27**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Why Cohen-Macaulay rings have become important in commutative algebra?

I want to know the historic reasons behind singling out Cohen-Macaulay rings as interesting algebraic objects.
I'm reviewing my previous lecture notes about Cohen-Macaulay rings because now I'm ...

**16**

votes

**10**answers

2k views

### An example of a proof that is explanatory but not beautiful? (or vice versa)

This question has a philosophical bent, but hopefully it will evoke straightforward, mathematical answers that would be appropriate for this list (like my earlier question about beautiful proofs ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

266 views

### Origins of Axiomatic Reasoning

Is there any evidence that axiomatic reasoning has been used prior to Thales of Milet (624-547BC), who is generally credited for the "invention" of axioms.
In this context I understand axioms in the ...

**41**

votes

**15**answers

4k views

### How does the work of a pure mathematician impact society? [closed]

First, I will explain my situation.
In my University most of the careers are doing videos to explain what we do and try to attract more people to our careers.
I am in a really bad position, because ...

**1**

vote

**4**answers

457 views

### What is the meaning of “algebraic construction”, and how could this be used in algebraic geometry

I try to make my question clear:
When reading a paper or listening a seminar talk, people showed me some set, and claim it to be a scheme; or some map, and claim it to be a morphism. I query why this ...

**33**

votes

**9**answers

2k views

### Homotopy as a general organizing principle

One of the realizations that led to the development of Homotopy Type Theory (HoTT) is that the ideas of homotopy theory have very broad applicability in mathematics. Indeed, Quillen model categories ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

640 views

### Number theory underlying Euler's theory of music

I've recently been studying Euler's theories on music, and I came across Euler's concept of gradus suavitatis or 'degree of pleasure' of a rational number representing the ratio of two tones. (I found ...

**9**

votes

**7**answers

1k views

### Review papers in mathematics

Are there review papers, literature reviews in mathematics that describe the recent developments in various fields for a newcomer? Or is the prerequisite knowledge always provided in research ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

799 views

### How to Discover Counterexamples and Required Objects [closed]

What are strategies or tips, which research mathematicians have discovered through their work and experience, that would help undergraduates learn how to discover counterexamples or find an object on ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

331 views

### collective slide-hosting for Mathematics [closed]

Has anyone considered using SlideShare to host slides from talks? In much the same way arXiv hosts papers.
Truth be told, the slides are often much easier to absorb than the papers.
Sometimes I will ...