**21**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Derived algebraic geometry: how to reach research level math?

I know the question "how to study math" has been asked dozens of times before in many variations, but (I hope) this one is different.
My goal is to study derived algebraic geometry, where derived ...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### Encyclopedia of Mathematics?(non-Alphabetical) [closed]

Do you know any Encyclopedia of Mathematics which is in non-alphabetical order, like it starts from basic mathematics and then goes up to very advanced level.
And what's the difference between say, ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

377 views

### Research situation in the field of Information Geometry

I am now doing an article survey on the field of information geometry started by S.Amari and Barndorff-Nielson. I want to know some research situation in this field.
I have read (4) and parts of (3). ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### Finding combinatorial models / statistics

In many cases in combinatorics and especially algebraic combinatorics with some representation theory, the main problem is about finding the correct statistic on a mathematical object.
For example, ...

**28**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Why should we care about “higher infinities” outside of set theory?

Let's say you are a prospective mathematician with some addled ideas about cardinality.
If you assumed that the natural numbers were finite, you'd quickly vanish in a puff of logic. :)
If you ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Can Mumford-Shah functional be adapted to lower $L^1$ space?

The well know Mumford-Shah functional functional
$$
F(u)=\int_\Omega|\nabla u|^2+\mathcal H^{N-1}(S_u) \tag 1
$$
where $u\in SBV(\Omega)$ and $\nabla u$ is the absolutely continuous part of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

165 views

### Importance and intuition of global sections in sheaf cohomology

I am trying to understand why global sections of a sheaf are "important" or interesting objects of study. Perhaps I have too weak of a background to appreciate it (and that is certainly an acceptable ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Families of trigonal curves with hyperelliptic limit

Suppose I have a family of trigonal curves $C\to D$ over a closed disk $D$ where the central fiber $C_0$ is hyperelliptic (this is of course possible since the hyperelliptic locus is in the closure of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### Is there relation between vector valued RKHS and interpolation space?

Vector valued RKHS which is covered extensively in the book "Pick Interpolation and Hilbert function spaces" . In a different context interpolation space is defined in the wikipedia link: https://en....

**1**

vote

**0**answers

87 views

### Can we have extension of Mercer theorem to interpolation? [closed]

This question is related to Mercer theorem, Reproducible kernel Hilbert space(RKHS) and interpolation. The wikipedia links are https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercer%27s_theorem and https://en.wikipedia....

**12**

votes

**1**answer

491 views

### Listing ORCiD in LaTeX papers

The ORCiD unique author identifier, run by a non-profit organisation, has been around for a number of years now. Its stated goal is to become a de facto standard for uniquely identifying authors, even ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Is there any parameter space of Cramér–Rao_bound

It is known that Cramér–Rao_bound is the lower bound of variance of a parameter. A useful link is https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cram%C3%A9r%E2%80%93Rao_bound There is also a term called '...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

298 views

### Categories of finite objects

In my experience, category theory is very successful at providing powerful machinery to reason about large objects or objects unrestricted in size, for example (logical) models (via accessible ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

383 views

### soft: Reference/ Suggested Read: Homological Algebraic techniques in PDEs

I was reading this article on wikipiedia and was interested by the apparent link between Homological Algebra and PDEs. What is an accessible reference which showcases the link between these topics?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

234 views

### Why only Normed Linear Spaces? [closed]

It is well known that "Norm on a vector space can be used to obtain a metric on that space."
I think easily we can generalize the notion of norms to groups and rings.
My questions are,
Why ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

577 views

### Which journals publish applied mathematics with mostly pure mathematics content?

In the spirit of Which journals publish expository work? please advise:
What consistently high quality journals$^1$ today publish results that would otherwise go to a pure mathematics journal if ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

29 views

### Characterization of complete lattices with join-incomplete lattice endomorphisms

Let $L$ be an complete lattice. A lattice homomorphism $f: L\to L$ is said to be join-incomplete if there is an infinite set $S \subseteq L$ such that $f(\bigvee_L S) > \bigvee_L f(S).$
How can ...

**34**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### When to postpone a proof?

One possible practice in writing mathematics is to prove every theorem and lemma right after stating it.
A long, technical proof — and sometimes even a short one — can interrupt the flow ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

186 views

### Newer list of open problems in model theory

In the book Model Theory by C. C. Chang and H. J. Keisler, there is a list of open problems in model theory. More exactly, this list is called "Open problems in classical model theory" (on page 597, ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

478 views

### Which nice/deep elaborations on the (operators <-> sheaves) / (endomorphisms <-> objects) theme are there?

A linear operator $T:V\to V$ on a (say) vector space over a field $k$ is just a $k[T]$-module, and may be viewed as the sheaf $\mathscr F_T$ over $\mathbb A^1_k$, with fibre over $\lambda\in k$ equal ...

**23**

votes

**3**answers

972 views

### What technical and/or theoretical challenges are involved in automatically extracting proofs from books and papers into Coq code?

Over the years, advances in machine learning has allowed us to communicate and interact, using the same natural language, more and more semantically with computers, e.g. Google, Siri, Watson, etc. On ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

149 views

### How to prepare a radical change of research field after the PhD [duplicate]

I am in the middle of my PhD in functional analysis. My undergraduate studies were focused on pure theory and so it was logical to continue in this direction. However, recently I got into contact with ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### History of Geometric Analogies in Number Theory

My question, put simply, is: When did mathematicians/number theorists begin viewing questions in number theory through a geometric lens?
For example, was it before Grothendieck introduced schemes to ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

592 views

### “To operate the machine, it is not necessary to raise the bonnet.”

The quotation in the title is attributed to Frank Adams and appears in several places:
In the preface of [2002, Operads in algebra, topology and physics]: "to operate the machine, it is not ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### How to write an abstract for a math paper? [closed]

How would you go about writing an abstract for a Math paper? I know that an abstract is supposed to "advertise" the paper. However, I do not really know how to get started. Could someone tell me how ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

644 views

### Mathematics equivalent of Feynman's Lectures in Physics? [closed]

I'm looking for an equivalent of "Feynman's Lectures in Physics" in mathematics. I'm specifically looking for book/books that delve into, using Feynman's words, "the meaning of things".

**6**

votes

**2**answers

240 views

### Do computational geometers use Lagrange multipliers?

Can anyone point me to an example of a problem that (more or less) originated in computational geometry whose solution requires the use of Lagrange multipliers (or Kuhn-Tucker conditions, or dual ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

316 views

### What would you do if you improve your own result that is submitted but not publishied?

Here is a hypothetical situation:
You have proved a result and written up a paper about it. You have submitted your article to some journal and it is being reviewed.
While you are waiting, you have ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Style of mathematical writing vs. too many lemmas

I work in PDEs. I have now written 3 papers. I find my style is of the form: introduction, statement of results, paragraphs to introduce something, lemma, more text, lemma, more text, lemma, more text,...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

363 views

### Separable coordinate systems for the Laplace and Helmholtz equations?

According to Mathworld, in three dimensions there are 13 coordinate systems in which Laplace's equation is separable, and 11 for the Helmholtz equation. I've read the relevant chapters of the book by ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

772 views

### “Family Tree” of Theorems

Is anyone aware of any attempt to describe the dependencies of theorems (perhaps in mathematics generally, perhaps in some limited areas) in the form of a "family tree"? That is, each node on the ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Should we post on arXiv only papers in publishable shape (or very close)?

Question: Should we post on arXiv only papers in publishable shape (or very close)?
This question should be distinguished from the following:
Should one post a paper on the arXiv if it is not ...

**28**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### The unpublished papers in reference to the published papers

Sometimes it happens that a published paper refers to an unpublished paper for a result used.
In this case, if we want to check this result by ourselves, we need to access to this unpublished paper.
...

**-4**

votes

**1**answer

362 views

### Quintic Equation [closed]

Can we solve the following polynomial quintic equation by radicals
x^5 + x^4 = 1
I found one real root which is algebraic solution (no approximation method ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

336 views

### Soft Question: Relationships Between Moduli Space and Objects They Parametrize

Apologies in advance if this question is not suitable for MO. My friend and I were wondering recently what, if any, are the relationships between the geometric properties of a moduli space and the ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Why do people use “formal calculation” to describe informal calculations?

Many times, I see the word formal being used to describe a calculation that is not rigorous. I would think that such calculations should rather be termed informal than formal. What is the explanation ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

426 views

### Formulating Kunen's inconsistency and Reinhardt cardinals in term of category theory

It is known that one can formulate certain large cardinal axioms (e.g. Vopenka's principle--see Mike Shulman's answer to Harry Gindi's mathoverflow question "Reasons to believe Vopenka's Principle/...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

833 views

### Describe the desired features of a “Mathematics Colloquium”?

I'm now a member of my department's colloquium committee. Our task is to make a great colloquium series. I thought that the first step would be to come up with an appropriate definition of "...

**32**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Intuition behind the definition of quantum groups

Being far from the field of quantum groups, I have nevertheless made in the past several (unsuccessful) attempts to understand their definition and basic properties. The goal of this post is to try to ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

494 views

### Are reduced residue systems relative primorials an active area of research? If not, why not?

As a math amateur, I am finding the study reduced residue systems relative a primorial a very interesting way to understand the distribution of primes. For example, it is fascinating to me that it is ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

805 views

### random category theory

This question is in some sense dual to the one asked in Is there an introduction to probability theory from a structuralist/categorical perspective? since contrary to the OP who asks for references ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### When is it appropriate to name something a 'fundamental lemma'? [closed]

The term 'fundamental lemma' refers to many results in mathematics. I don't know too many results referred to by that name, but I am familiar with, for example, the 'fundamental lemma of sieve theory' ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

514 views

### Mathematical difference between entropy and energy

I have a rather soft question. Let's assume that we consider the heat equation posed in $S^1$:
$$
\partial_t u=\partial_x^2u.
$$
It is well known that if we define the functionals
$$
H(t)=\int_{-\pi}^\...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

890 views

### Understanding Faltings's Theorem

I am soon to become a graduate student and so I started a personal project; I want to understand Faltings's proof of the Mordell conjecture.
I want to get into arithmetic geometry (since I always ...

**-5**

votes

**1**answer

376 views

### What's the minimum amount of knowledge to start doing research? [closed]

There are cases in which you have too much knowledge of something to do anything interesting ,and cases in which a lack of experience with a problem (and the prejudices about it) helps someone solve ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

299 views

### “Thin film evolution” (Reference request)

Ok this is my first$^*$ question on overflow, my apologies if this is not the right place to ask what follows!
I observed the following phenomenon: I put a (vitamin) tablet into water, then after a ...

**13**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### “Epicycles” (Ptolemy style) in math theory?

By analogy:
The epicycles of Ptolemy explained the known facts in the sun system and in this sense were not "wrong". But they distracted from a better insight. From another viewpoint, everything fell ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

284 views

### Have topographs been studied before?

This is my first post on MO so I hope this question is suitable. I have quite a few definitions which I will need to state before my questions at the end of this post. Please let me know if anything ...

**9**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### number theory which is close to analysis

I have basic training in Fourier and Harmonic analysis. And wanting to enter and work in area of number theory(and which is of some interest for current researcher) which is close to analysis.
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Two equivalent descriptions of a physical system yielding a non-trivial mathematical formula

First I would like to admit that this question may not be entirely appropriate for this site, but I will give it a go none the less.
One often hears stories about how string dualities lead to highly ...