**1**

vote

**2**answers

359 views

### More recently published comprehensive reference on inequalities in the spirit of Hardy-Littlewood-Pólya

Is there a comprehensive reference book on inequalities in the
spirit of the one written by G.H. Hardy, J.E. Littlewood, and G. Pólya(*), but more up-to-date (i.e., published in more recent years and ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Philosophical arguments in defense (or against) large cardinals

The question is essentially what is asked in the title. I split it into two parts
(A) (Arguments supporting the existence of large cardinals) What are the main philosophical arguments in defense ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

561 views

### Numbers greater than Skewes's whose existence can be found in number theoretic proofs

Skewes has proved (without assuming RH) that $\pi(x)<Li(x)$ is violated below $e^{e^{e^{e^{7.705}}}}$ which is clearly a very large number.I was wondering if somewhere else some greater number than ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

55 views

### Convention on Clifford Product

When studying the Clifford Algebra associated to some $(V,Q)$, one finds two basic identities differing by a sign:
$vv=Q(v)$ (see, for instance, Wikipedia)
$vv=-Q(v)$ (see, for instance, MathWorld ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

165 views

### “For sufficiently large” vs. “For all sufficiently large” [closed]

A purely grammatical question: Do people generally prefer:
"For sufficiently large x,..." or
"For all sufficiently large x,..."
or not care? Or might you use either according to context? The meaning ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

207 views

### Yang-Mills Functional and Energy

I have a question about the meaning of Yang-Mills Functional.
It is stated everywhere that the Yang-Mills Functional is a measure of energy. But the formal definition of the Yang-Mills Functional is:
...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

825 views

### Publication in proceedings

Why and how publishing a paper in proceedings?
What are the difference with a "classical" journal?
What's the list of the main proceedings in which one can publish?
Do proceedings papers (never, ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

243 views

### How do small central extensions drop the dimension of a faithful representation?

Apologies in advance that this is a very soft question. I might be talking complete nonsense. But I hope I am talking about something that has even been studied...
I am interested in the phenomenon ...

**27**

votes

**2**answers

781 views

### Different styles of writing/reading articles

Recently, I discovered a rather unexpected thing. We are writing an article in collaboration and we permanently have some discussions about how to write, in which order, how to organize material etc.
...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

221 views

### Intuitive Approach to Sheaf and Cech Cohomology [closed]

Sheaf and Cech cohomology $H^*(X,\mathcal{F})$ (which give the same result when applied to good enough topological spaces) are a useful generalisation of the concepts of de Rham and Dolbeault ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

385 views

### Applications of cohomology to probability and statistics

Are there interesting/useful applications of cohomology (and homological algebra in general) to probability and statistics, or information theory?
By "interesting/useful", I mean "not merely ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

352 views

### Need examples of homotopy orbit and fixed points

I am no expert in equivariant homotopy theory. Let's say, I am planing to give a talk on homotopy fixed points and orbits. My audience will be graduate students who are doing algebraic topology or ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

263 views

### How to decide whether the journal is pure or applied?

I am a beginner in research and have draft ready for my first article. I have a little confusion about the pure and applied journal in Mathematics. My work belongs to pure mathematics(I think). And ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

581 views

### How to approach the stigma of not having a math degree? [closed]

I am a faculty member in a department that is not mathematics, but is highly-ranked in my field. I greatly enjoy working with mathematicians, and have had a number of successful collaborations.
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

532 views

### Mathematics of Computer science and AI [closed]

Computer science and Artificial Intelligence have been fertile grounds for research for decades, not only for Engineers but particularly for Mathematicians. What kinds of Mathematics have emerged ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

358 views

### Reference request: a guide through quantum probability

Could you point out a comprehensive reference book (or more than one, if it is the case) on Quantum Probability that introduces the subject and then gradually builds up to the edges of contemporary ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

252 views

### Heuristics for 2-morphisms of (algebraic) stacks

For topological spaces and simplicial sets one can consider each pair of parallel morphisms $f,g:X\rightrightarrows Y$ as equipped with a set of 2-morphisms given by homotopies $H:f\simeq g$ (let's ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

985 views

### Physicist trying to understand modern mathematics

I'm a physicist trying to gain a deep understanding of mathematics that is required for my work.I intend to specialize in string theory which is a very math intensive branch of theoretical physics ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

527 views

### Popular books written by great mathematicians [closed]

I read:
H. Poincare. Value of science
F. Klein. Development of Mathematics in the 19th Century
J.E. Littlewood. A Mathematicians Miscellany
G.H. Hardy. A Mathematician’s Apology
R. Courant, ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

830 views

### Surveys of the items of Erdős' “toolbox”

Could you point out some survey papers and monographs that highlight the kernel of tricks, techniques, and tools that Paul Erdős employed the most in his research work (in particular in graph theory, ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Reference for exercises with solutions for affine Lie algebras

I am doing self-study of affine Lie algebras, and while I have all recommended reference material, I find it hard to prepare for the exam.
It was quite easy to study finite-dimensional simple Lie ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

224 views

### Recent trends in effective analysis

The references listed at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computable_analysis have all been published 30-15 years ago. Are the approaches which these references expose still up-to-date and relevant to the ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

313 views

### Survey papers of results (relevant to mathematics) produced during research on the relationship between mathematics and music theory

It is well-known that there is a relationship between music and mathematics, and there are many references that explore this topic (for example, Benson's book).
However, I would like to ask if there ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

109 views

### Why are they called 'pernicious' numbers?

The definition of a pernicious number:
In number theory, a pernicious number is a positive integer where the Hamming weight (or digit sum) of its binary representation is prime.
The meaning of ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

483 views

### Open access journals in number theory

I'm a phd student in number theory, and I'm required (by the funding council) to publish any article I write in open access journals. The problem is that all journals I can find are either out of my ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

432 views

### Do hom-sets really live in the category Set?

This isn't really a research-level question (sorry!), but I asked on
math.se (link), and though the question was upvoted a few times, I didn't
get any answers. So since there may well be more ...

**17**

votes

**8**answers

957 views

### Examples of categorical adjunctions in analysis, Lie theory, and differential geometry?

In introductory texts on category theory, it seems like the majority of examples come from algebraic topology, algebra, and logic. Are there any good examples of adjunctions in analysis, Lie theory, ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### What would undergraduate research consist of? [closed]

For undergraduate mathematics students looking to go to grad school, what kind of opportunities are open for research? I would assume undergrads would not be under any pressure or obligations to write ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### Survey on functional equations and inequalities

Where can I find a comprehensive survey monograph on functional equations and inequalities from sketch to current research trends with some focus on applications (both inside and outside mathematics)?
...

**-3**

votes

**1**answer

281 views

### How many of Ramanujan's discoveries have had a practical application? [closed]

I was reading about the Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan who, before dying at the age of 32, independently compiled nearly 3900 results (this is from Wikipedia). So based on this he seems to ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

634 views

### Which properties of a variety are detected by its derived category of coherent sheaves?

Context: I'm giving an informal seminar/reading group collection of talks on derived categories, following on from earlier talks giving the abstract definition. I am starting to talk about ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

667 views

### What is the longest recorded gap between “proof” of a “theorem” and discovery that the result is false [duplicate]

I hope this question is not a duplicate. I am motivated by wondering when widely accepted results may be considered have a secure place in the mathematical literature. The question is intended to ...

**-5**

votes

**2**answers

346 views

### Are there any with Erdös number 1 on mathoverflow? [closed]

I learned today that one of my professors wrote a paper with Erdös and Sós back in 1985, thus granting him the honor of having his Erdös number equal 1.
I was wondering - did any of the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Heat Equation on LCA Group

I am reading The Laplacian on A Riemannian Manifold. In the book, author defines the heat equation on manifold. In the situation $\mathbb R$ and $\mathbb S$, people often use Fourier transformation ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

740 views

### How to refer to plural of mathematical symbols - with or without an apostrophe [closed]

Which one is correct, $x_i$s or $x_i$'s?
Example sentence:
The $x_i$s form a sequence.
The $x_i$'s form a sequence.

**8**

votes

**1**answer

762 views

### Research and exposition: how does writing “basic” books affect your “serious” research work?

I can see the benefit of writing a mathematical monograph: you revise and organize your own work and recollect the key ideas of your own research. But this applies only to books aimed at researchers ...

**54**

votes

**5**answers

4k views

### Are there any serious investigations of whether “mathematicians do their best work when they're young”?

There is no shortage of anecdotes and conjectures on both sides of this widespread belief, but good supporting data either way is harder to find. Can anyone provide any references for serious ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

235 views

### On the remainder term in Taylor's formula [closed]

(1) What are the main differences, in terms of "usefulness" while solving problems (even at research level), among Cauchy, Lagrange, and Schlömilch's forms of the remainder in Taylor's formula? Could ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### New research and re-discovering classic results in “basic” real analysis

Sometimes, it happens that researchers publish a new proof of an old well-known result in "basic real analysis" (I'm referring to what some American people may call "honors calculus"). For instance, ...

**33**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### Companion to theoretical physics for working mathematicians

In the Princeton Companion to Mathematics one reads that even pure mathematicians should know some theoretical physics and applied mathematics. What are some well-organized comprehensive companions to ...

**25**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Collaboration or acknowledgment?

This post is a sequel of: When should a supervisor be a co-author?
This time the topic is about the interaction between two professional mathematicians (in particular junior-senior, but not ...

**19**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Collection of conjectures and open problems in graph theory

Is there something similar to the Kourovka Notebook for graph theory (or anyway an organized, possibly commented, collection of conjectures and open problems)?

**6**

votes

**2**answers

418 views

### Generalization of Sylvester-Gallai theorem

The Sylvester-Gallai theorem states that it is not possible to arrange a finite number
of points so that a line through every two of them passes through a
third unless they are all on a single ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Survey paper on isoperimetry

I am searching for a comprehensive survey article (or more different articles) on the subject of isoperimetric problems from ancient Greece to modern mathematical physics. Could you point out some ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

289 views

### Is there a “good” reason that the universal central extension of $SL(2,\mathbb Z)$ is $Br_3$?

Let
$$ Br_3 := \langle \tau_1,\tau_2\ :\ \tau_1 \tau_2 \tau_1 = \tau_2 \tau_1 \tau_2 \rangle $$
be the braid group on three strands, and consider the surjection
$$\phi : Br_3 \twoheadrightarrow ...

**25**

votes

**3**answers

975 views

### Graduate program applications that require questionnaires and other non-letter material

In the December 2014 AMS Notices, a letter to the editor (http://www.ams.org/notices/201411/rnoti-p1311.pdf) by Deconinck and Medlock addresses the problem of (math) graduate programs requiring letter ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

493 views

### Is a particular type of question about certain infinite sets still being asked?

I apologize in advance if this question is thought to be too soft or otherwise inappropriate for mathoverflow.net. Let M be the infinite set of all homeomorphism types of finite dimensional ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

372 views

### What are the current views on consistency of Reinhardt cardinals without AC?

It's well known that Reinhardt cardinals are inconsistent, provided that we have access to axiom of choice, but, as far as I know, we are clueless about this when we don't assume choice. For me, the ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

260 views

### Decidability of Frankl's union-closed sets conjecture

Is it conceivable that Frankl's union closed sets conjecture is undecidable in $\mathsf{ZFC}$, or is this quite implausible, perhaps due to the "finitistic" nature of the statement, or for some other ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

369 views

### Well-known or prolific mathematicians that have never written a sole-author article? [closed]

Dear mathoverflow community,
I have a junior colleague who will be coming up for tenure and who has written many articles, but all of them as a co-author. I don't see this as a problem (after all, ...