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2
votes
1answer
115 views

Fractional Sobolev spaces and interpolation in unbounded Lipschitz domains

I am not really familiar with the topic, thus I am looking for some references about the following problem. Let $s>0$ be a positive real and let $p\in(1,+\infty)$. We define the Bessel Potential ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

Reference request: The compactness and compact embedding in Besov Space?

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ be open bounded with smooth boundary. Let $0<s<1$, $1\leq p<\infty$, and $1\leq \theta\leq\infty$. We denote by $B^{s,p,\theta}(\Omega)$ the Besov space. For ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Are functions whose partial derivatives are simple functions dense in $W^{1,\infty}$?

In a 2D domain, are the functions whose partial derivatives are simple functions dense in $W^{1,\infty}$ ?
1
vote
0answers
42 views

biharmonic equation with L^1 data and Navier Condition

I am reading an article that, a section of it is mentioned below . I have some question about this section. I will ask my question after the section below. I am thanksed if some one could help me , ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

The best constant in Poincare-liked inequality in $BV$ and $BD$ space

This question has been posted on Math Stack exchange for a while and received no response. So I decide to move it here to get more attention. Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ be open, bounded and with ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Regularity of weak solution

I have also posted the question here. Let me explain what difficulties I have. In fact, one may write \begin{equation} \partial_1(f-\partial_1 u)=0 \end{equation} in $\Omega$. Then one may have the ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

“Friedrichs extension Laplacian” vs “Weak Laplacian” and fractional powers

Take $\Omega$ to be a bounded domain and consider Neumann BCs. In some works, I see that a Laplacian $(-\Delta_D)^{\frac 12}$ is defined as an operator with domain $H^1(\Omega)$, and in other works, ...
4
votes
1answer
112 views

[This might be a easy question]: A possible trace (inequality) defined under negative Sobolev scale

I have a stupid question: Why is that not possible (if it is not) to define the trace of a function in a very weak regularity space $H^{-s}(\partial \Omega)$? We usually encounter trace theorem as ...
2
votes
2answers
130 views

Composition operators on fractional-order (periodic) Sobolev spaces

(The question was originally posted on MSE.) Preliminaries: We know that the fractional-order Sobolev spaces $\mathrm{H}^s(\mathbb{R})$ and $\mathrm{H}^s(\mathbb{T})$ are closed under multiplication ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Equivalence of Sobolev--Slobodeckii and interpolation space on boundaries

Let $s \in (0,1)$. Given a sufficiently smooth hypersurface $\Gamma$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$, one can define the Sobolev--Slobodeckii space with the norm $$|u|_{H^s(\Gamma)}^2 = \int_\Gamma |u|^2 + ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Trace spaces on convex polyhedra: compatibility conditions at edges

Let $\Omega$ be a convex polyhedron in $\mathbf{R}^3$ with boundary $\partial\Omega$ consisting of $N$ polygons $\{\Gamma_j\}_{j=1}^N$. It's well known that in general $$ H^s(\partial \Omega) \neq ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

About norm on $H^{\frac 12}(M \times \{0,1\})$

Let $X=M \times \{0,1\}$ with $M$ a smooth compact manifold without boundary. Define the fractional Sobolev space $H^{\frac 12}(X) = (L^2(X), H^1(X))_{\frac 12}$, as the real interpolation space ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Sobolev space notation for interpolation and Gagliardo norm best practice

I work on a compact manifold $M$. I'm using three different Sobolev spaces: $A^s(M)$ defined set of functions $u$ with the Gagliardo norm. $B^s(M)$ defined as interpolation space between different ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

How to modify a SBV convergence sequence to obtain uniform integrability?

Given $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ is open bounded with smooth boundary. Assume $(u_n)\subset SBV(\Omega)$ a sequence of functions such that $u_n\to u_0$ weakly in $SBV$ for some function $u_0\in ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Is it true that for dimension d=3, if $v\in H_0^1(\Omega)$ but $v\notin L_\infty(\Omega)$ then exponent of v or -v is not summable?

I have the following Question: 1) Is it true that if $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^3$, $\Omega$ - bounded, $v\in H_0^1(\Omega)$ but $v\notin L_\infty(\Omega)$ implies $\int\limits_{\Omega}{e^vdx}=+\infty$ ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Sobolev chain rule on non-compact manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a non-compact Riemannian manifold (not of bounded geometry). Let $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be $C^1$ with $f'$ bounded and $f(0)=0$. Is the Sobolev chain rule valid for functions ...
6
votes
2answers
365 views

Error of Discrete Fourier Transform on Finite Domain (vs. Continuous FT) in terms of Sobolev order

My question is about quantifying the error that occurs by approximating the continuous Fourier transform on a finite domain by using a discretised version with resolution $N$ for a function of a given ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

A bound on the $\mathrm{L}^p$ norm in terms of the $\mathrm{L}^2$ norm in periodic Sobolev spaces

(The question was originally posted on Math StackExchange.) Preliminaries: Given ${s \geq 0}$, let ${\mathrm{H}_P^s}$ denote the ${\mathrm{L}^2}$-based fractional-order Sobolev space of ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

Condition to obtain a not compact embedding

I have the two spaces $W_0^{1,p}$ with the norme $$||u||^p=||u||^p_{L^p}+||\nabla u||^p_{L^p}$$ and $$L^{p^*}_{\alpha}=\{ u~\text{measurable}, \int_{\Omega} (|x|^{\alpha} u(x)|)^{p^*} dx<\infty\}$$ ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Differentiation of $(u(t),v(t))_{L^2(\Omega)}$ when $u, v \in H^1(I\times \Omega)$

Let $I=(0,\infty)$. Consider $u, v \in L^2(I;H^1(\Omega))$ with $u_t, v_t \in L^2(I;L^2(\Omega))$ where $\Omega$ is a bounded doamin. Is it true that $$\frac{d}{dt}(u(t),v(t))_{L^2(\Omega)} = (u'(t), ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

Operator on a Sobolev space [closed]

I'm studying Sobolev spaces using Evans' PDE book. I can't figure out this simple fact. Let $L$ be an operator in this form: $$Lu= \sum{D_i(a_{ij}D_j(u))+\sum{b_iD_i(u)+cu}}.$$ I can't understand why ...
4
votes
2answers
165 views

Equivalent Norms on Sobolev Spaces

When $k$ is a positive integer and $1<p<\infty$, we know that there is some $C>0$ such that for all $u\in W^{k,p}\left(\mathbb{R}^{N}\right) :$ $$ \left\Vert \left( -I+\Delta\right) ...
0
votes
1answer
129 views

About weak derivatives [closed]

I have a question about weak derivatives. Let $u,v \in L^{1}_{loc}(U)$ (the space of locally integrable functions) for some open set $\emptyset \neq U \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$. We often say that $v$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
91 views

Does strong convergence in $W_p^1$ imply strong convergence of derivatives of absolute values in $L_p$?

Let $G$ be a Lipshitz domain and $u_n \to u$ in $W_p^1(G)$. Is it correct, that $\frac{\partial |u_n|}{\partial x_m} \to \frac{\partial |u|}{\partial x_m}$ in $L_p(G)$? I know, that $\frac{\partial ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

An inequality with critical Sobolev exponent

Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n, n\geq 3$ be a nice bounded domain and $2^*=2n/(n-2)$ the critical Sobolev exponent. One may expect that $\forall \epsilon>0$, $\exists C_\epsilon<\infty$ such ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

Elliptic pde with bilaplacian; boundary conditions.

I am interested in the solvability of $$ \Delta^2 u + u = f(x) \mbox{ in } \Omega $$ with $ \partial_\nu u = \Delta u=0$ on $ \partial \Omega$ where $ f(x)$ is some smooth bounded function on $ ...
2
votes
2answers
192 views

compact inclusion of domains of unbounded operators

Let $L$ be a positive self-adjoint operator defined densely on $L^2(M)$ where $M$ is a compact manifold. Also, let $\mathcal{D}(L) \subset H^1(M)$. It is known that $\mathcal{D}(L) \subset ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

How to modify a $H^1$ weak convergence sequence so that I have the $L^2$ equi-integrability of gradient?

Assume $u_n\to u$ weakly in $H^1(\Omega)$ where $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^N$ is open bounded Lipschitz boundary. My goal is to find a new sequence $\bar u_n$ and a new function $\bar u$ such that ...
0
votes
1answer
136 views

Banach space dual to $L^\infty(I,H^1(M))$

What is the dual to $L^\infty (I,H^1(M))$?, where $I$ is an interval in the real line; $H^1(M)$ is Sobolev space of degree 1, and $M$ is a compact manifold like the torus. Any references that show ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Generalization of maximum principle to other norms

Consider the Laplace equation $\Delta u=0$ in $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ with Dirichlet boundary conditions, i.e. $u=g$ on $\delta \Omega$. By the maximum principle we know that the solution $u$ ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Besov and Triebel-Lizorkin spaces

Let me start with a couple of notational reminders. For $\xi\in \mathbb R^n$, $$ 1=\varphi_{0}(\xi)+\sum_{\nu \ge 1}\varphi_{\nu}(\xi),\quad \varphi_{0}\in C^\infty_c(\mathbb R^{n}),\quad ...
3
votes
0answers
67 views

Chain rule for weakly differentiable functions

Given are $f\in L^1(\mathbb R^n)$, $f>0$, such that $\log f\in L^1_{\mathrm{loc}}(\mathbb R^n)$ and $\nabla \log f = g$ in the sense of distributions, with $g\in L^1_{\mathrm{loc}}(\mathbb R^n)\cap ...
0
votes
1answer
136 views

Sobolev type embedding

Consider a compact manifold $M$ and a point $q \in M$. Let us say that that the following inequality holds: $$ \Vert \varphi u\Vert_{L^p} \leq C\Vert \varphi u\Vert_{H^1},$$ where $\varphi \in ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

Vector valued Sobolev spaces

My question is in reference to this question previously asked here. As asked there, consider a function $f \in H^s_x(L^2_y) \cap L^2_x(H^s_y)$. In the notation of Lions and Magenes (Chapter 4, Vol 2), ...
1
vote
0answers
35 views

Rearrangement in Bessel function spaces

I consider, for $0<s<1$, the Bessel function space $$ L^{s,2}(\mathbb{R}^d) = \left\{f\in L^2(\mathbb{R}^n) : (1+|\cdot|)^{s/2}\hat{f}(\cdot)\in L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)\right\}. $$ The question I ...
6
votes
3answers
357 views

Derivatives of radial functions can be bounded by derivatives in terms of radial distance?

Suppose $f$ is a radial function, i.e., $f(x)=f(|x|)$, and $f \in C^\infty(\bar{B})$, where $\bar{B}$ is the closure of the unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Prove or disprove the following. Given any ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Norm equivalent to Sobolev norm? [closed]

On the hyperbolic space $\mathbb{H}^n$, it is known that the spectrum of the Laplacian satisfies $\text{Spec}(-\Delta) \subset [\frac{(n - 1)^2}{4}, \infty)$. Consider the operator $P = -\Delta + a$, ...
5
votes
1answer
114 views

Sobolev space for Mixed Dirichlet - Neumann boundary condition

Consider the subset $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^N$ with boundary $\partial\Omega$ sufficiently regular and let $\Gamma\subset\partial\Omega$ be a $(N-1)$- dimensional submanifold of $\partial\Omega$. ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

interpolation between Bochner spaces

Is there a reference for the interpolation result stating the existence of an embedding \begin{equation} L^2(I;W^{2,p}(\Omega)) \cap H^1(I;L^p(\Omega)) \hookrightarrow ...
2
votes
0answers
62 views

Sobolev embedding on warped product

Consider the warped product $X = M \times \mathbb{R}$, with the metric $g = dr^2 + \varphi(r) g_M$, where $M$ is a compact manifold. Consider the Sobolev space $H^1(X)$ and let $H^1_{rad}(X)$ denote ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Horizontal Sobolev space on Carnot group

This question is connected with my previous: Heisenberg group: function without vertical derivative. Here I am trying to look from another side: what is a difference between Sobolev space and ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Compact embedding for Bochner spaces

I was reading some topics about Bochner integral and this question arises: Assume we have a sequence $u_n \in H^s(0,2\pi,L^2(\mathbb{T}))$ converging weakly to $v$ for all $s \in (\frac12, \frac58)$, ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Finding an explicit constant in finite element error estimates

Background: In a finite element approximation to the solution of a linear PDEs, estimates on the order of convergence of the approximation to the solution rely on a theorem of Bramble and Hilbert ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

Sobolev trace theorem

Set $Q:=\Omega\times(0,T)\subset\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$, where $\Omega$ is knows as a bounded domain with smooth boundary $\partial D$. We choose any subdomain $D\subset Q$ with smooth boundary $\partial ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Can you pair $H^s(\Omega)$ and $H^{-s}(\Omega)$ on a domain $\Omega$?

Consider the fractional Sobolev spaces on $\mathbb R^n$ $H^s(\mathbb R^n) := \left\{ u \in \mathcal S'(\mathbb R^n) \; : \; ( 1 + |\xi|^2 )^{s/2} \hat u \in L^2(\mathbb R^n) \right\}$. Let $\Omega$ ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

Mixed (anisotropic) Sobolev spaces

Consider real variables $x, y$ and a function $f(x, y) \in H^s(\mathbb{R}^2)$, say for some $s \in (0, 1)$. I am trying to get an understanding of mixed Sobolev spaces of the form $H^s_x(H^s_y)$, ...
2
votes
1answer
218 views

Does this linear elliptic equation have a weak solution?

Let $Q = \Omega \times (0,C)$ where $\Omega$ is a bounded domain, write $(x,y) \in Q$ for $x \in \Omega$ and $y \in (0,C)$. Is the problem $$\Delta_{(x,y)}v = 0\quad\text{in $Q$}$$ $$\frac{\partial ...
7
votes
1answer
363 views

Proving that a space is Hilbert

Let $H=H_0^1(0,\ell)\times H_*^1(0,\ell)\times H_*^1(0,\ell)$ be equipped with the norms \begin{align*} ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Interpolation Operator Bounded in Sobolev Norm

Let $m\in \mathbb{N}$, $p\in [1,\infty]$, $W^{m,p}([0,1])$ the space of all functions $[0,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ which are $m$ times weakly differentiable and weak derivatives in $L^p$, ...