The sobolev-spaces tag has no wiki summary.

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### Convergence in norm of Sobolev spaces

I consider, for $s>\frac{1}{2}$, the space $L^{2,-s}(\mathbb{R}^3)=\bigg\lbrace{f: \int_{\mathbb{R}^3}|f(x)|^2(1+|x|^2)^{-s}<\infty\bigg\rbrace}$ and I have to show that the function ...

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### Splitting the action of functionals in duals of Sobolev spaces

Update: After some more thinking and asking I've come to the conclusion that there is no reasonable way to achieve this for all possible $\varphi$ because of the mixed terms. I believe something ...

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### Interior regularity for elliptic equations

The monograph "Non-Homogeneous Boundary Value Problems and Applications" by Lions and Magenes is infamous for developing a truly extensive regularity theory for elliptic problems on domains, and for ...

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### Characterizing the Dual of $W_0^{s,p}$

I am interested in literature/results characterizing the dual of the fractional Sobolev space $W^{s,p}(\Omega)$, where $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N$ is open, bounded, and smooth, $0< s<1$, and ...

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### How to define Laplacian on $L_2$

This might be a dumb question, but I thought the Laplacian (classical) is defined for $C^2$ functions. How do we extend that to be a self-adjoint operator on all of $L_2$?
Is it the so called ...

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### on an inequality of Brezis-Lieb

In their 1983 JFA paper Brezis and Lieb have shown, among many other things, a Poincaré-type inequality: in the case of a harmonic function $f$ on a bounded domain $\Omega$, their inequality ((3.14) ...

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### Norm of differential operator between Sobolev spaces

It is easy to check that the differential operator $\partial^a$ (where $\alpha\in \mathbb{N}_0^n$) is continuous between the Sobolev spaces (with usual norms)
$W^{m,p}(U)\to W^{m-|\alpha|,p}(U)$, ...

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### Boundedness of the derivative of the trace of an H^1 function

As a research preface, this question is linked to a problem of increasing magnetism in Ginzburg-Landau equations that I have distilled for the purpose of getting to the bottom of this technical ...

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### Convergence of Schwartz kernels implies convergence of operators

Let $K$ be a smoothing operator on $\mathbb{R}^n$, i.e., it defines a map on all Sobolev spaces $K\colon H^r(\mathbb{R}^n) \to H^s(\mathbb{R}^n)$ for all $r, s \in \mathbb{R}$. Now (a variation of) ...

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### Classical Derivative, Weak Derivative and Integration by Parts

Hello,
While studying Sobolev spaces, the following question came to my mind. Any help in this direction is appreciated.
QUESTION
Let $U\subseteq\mathbb{R}^n$ be open. Does there exist a function ...

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### Continuity of an extension map

Suppose $\delta\in (0,1)$ and $r<1+\delta.$ Suppose moreover we are given a sequence of functions $u_m\in H^{1/2,2}(\partial B_r(0))$, where $B_r(0)$ denotes the euclidean $n-$dimensional ball. ...

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### Regularity properties of H(-1/2)

Arising as the traces of $H(div; \Omega)$, I am wondering if the space $H^{-1/2}(\partial \Omega)$ has any regularity properties? (Containment in BV would be wonderful, although I doubt it holds.) It ...

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### Books about Capacity theory

While I was studying the book Variation et Optimisation de formes by Antoine Henrot and Michel Pierre, I encountered a section about the capacity associated to the $H^1$ norm, which is defined for ...

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### $\tilde{u}=0,\ a.e.\ x\in\Gamma$?

Suppose $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ is a bounded domain. Let $u\in H_0^1(\Omega)$ and $\tilde{u}\in L^2(\Omega)$ satisfies $$\int_\Omega\nabla u\nabla v=\int_\Omega \tilde{u}v,\ \forall\ v\in ...

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### Weak divergence implies weak differentiability of components?

Suppose $\Omega$ is an open set in $\Bbb{R}^N$ and $\sigma : \Omega \to \Bbb{R}^N$ is a field with all components belonging to $L^2(\Omega)$.
We say that $\sigma$ has weak divergence if there exists ...

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### Sobolev-type inequality.

Let $0< \alpha< n$, $1 < p < q < \infty$ and $\frac{1}{q}=\frac{1}{p}-\frac{\alpha}{n}$. Then:
$ \left \| \int_{\mathbb{R}^n} \frac{f(y)dy}{|x-y|^{n-\alpha} } ...

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### Differential of a Sobolev map between manifolds

Let $\Sigma, M$ be smooth compact Riemannian manifolds. By embedding $M$ isometrically into $\mathbb{R}^N$, one can define the Sobolev spaces $W^{k,p}(\Sigma, M)$ by
\begin{equation} ...

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### Nash inequality on a compact domain?

I have come across a few papers that make use of the Nash inequality for functions on a compact domain. Unfortunately, nobody cites a reference for the proof of this result. Is going from the ...

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### Compactness of Sobolev embedding for domains of finite measure

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a domain of finite Lebesgue measure, not assumed to be smooth or bounded. Is it true that the embedding of, say, $W^{1,p}_0(\Omega)$ (Sobolev functions with zero ...

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### Definition of Sobolev spaces as a space of sections of certain type

I want to define Sobolev spaces for sections on a vector bundle, basically I want that a section will belong to the Sobolev space $W^{k,p}$ if its coordinates in any aceptable patch belong to the ...

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### Boundary Value Problem in the space of Distributions

I will not be rigirous cause my question does not require this. It is well known how to treat the solution (for example) of the problem $\Delta u=f$ in $\Omega$ and $u=g$ on $\partial \Omega$ by the ...

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### Isoperimetry and Poincare Inequality

What are the known relations between isoperimetric and Poincare inequalities on manifolds?
For example, for manifolds with a lower bound on Ricci curvature, the Cheeger-Buser inequality relates the ...

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### Function extension in a Sobolev space

Let $\Omega$ be a domain of $R^n$ and let $H^2(\Omega)$ be the usual Sobolev space.
Let $\emptyset\ne \omega_1\subset\omega_2$ be open subsets of $\Omega$, and let $\theta \in H^2(\omega_1)$.
I ...

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### Relation between interpolation spaces and besov spaces

Consider the following two norms:
The interpolation norm:
1) $\|u; [L_2,\dot H_1^{\infty}]_{1/3,\infty}\| := \sup_{s > 0} \inf_{u=u_0+u_1} \frac{\|u_0\|_{L^2}}{s^{1/2}} + s \|\partial_x ...

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### $W^{1,1}$ simplicial approximation

Let $f$ be a continuous real-valued function defined on an $n$ dimesional simplex $\Sigma\subset \mathbb{R}^n $. The classical simplicial approximation scheme provides a sequence $f_k$ of piecewise ...

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### weak convergence in Sobolev spaces and pointwise convergence?

I encounter a problem when reading Struwe's book Variational Methods (4th ed). On page 38, it is assumed that
$\|u_m\|$ is a minimizing sequence for a functional $E$, i.e. $E(u_m)\rightharpoonup ...

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### Example for the Sobolev embedding theorem when p=n.

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain in $\mathbb R^2$. By the Sobolev embedding theorem, if $k>\frac np$ (in this case $k>\frac 2p$) then
$u\in W^{k,p}(U) \implies u\in C^{k-[\frac 2 ...

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### A property on the Green-St Venant strain tensor

Green-St Venant strain tensor is defined by $E(u)={1\over 2}[\nabla u+(\nabla u)^T+(\nabla u)^T\nabla u]$, where $\nabla u$ is the displacement gradient.
Show that
$u\in H^1(\Omega), E(u)\in ...

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### Smooth Sobolev extension from $W^{1,p}(U)$ to $W^{1,p} (\mathbb{R}^n) $

The question I would be asking is roughly : do the smooth Sobolev functions defined on an open bounded domain extend to smooth Sobolev functions on the Euclidean space ?
For detail :
Fix $p \geq 1. ...

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### Second derivative seminorm of function composition

Consider the seminorm $\| f \|^2 = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} dx f''(x)^2$
for $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ in the Sobalev space $W^{k,2}(\mathbb{R})$.
Can we put some upper bound on the ...

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### A Sobolev-type inequality with weights

In the study of a particular PDE I found myself wanting to prove the following inequality:
$( \int_0^{\infty} r^{-3} |f|^6 \; dr )^{1/6} \leq C ( \int_0^{\infty} [ r^{-1} |f|^2 + r |f'|^2 + r ...

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### History of Sobolev space notations

I would like to know the historical reason why the letter H is used for Sobolev spaces. In particular, why not S? It would be interesting to know the same for the letter W.

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### Sobolev embedding proof without Gagliardo–Nirenberg–Sobolev inequality or Morrey's inequality

Hello Everybody,
Is there a proof of Sobolev embedding theorem without using the GNS or Morrey inequalities? If so, can you provide me with some references?
Background: I happened to attened a ...

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### Reference request: Simple facts about vector-valued Sobolev space

Let $V,H$ be separable Hilbert spaces such that there are dense injections $V \hookrightarrow H \hookrightarrow V^*$. (For example, $H = L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$, $V = H^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$, $V^* = ...

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### Interpolation of derivatives

If $U$ is an open interval of $\mathbb{R}$ and $f : U \to \mathbb{R}$ is an $L^2(U)$ function with second derivative $f'' \in L^2(U)$ (in the weak sense), is $f \in W^{1,1}(U)$?
EDIT: Removed false ...

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### Subspaces of a Sobolev space

For $a \in \mathbb{R}^N\setminus\{0\}, N \ge 2$, and $\lambda \in \mathbb{R}$ let
$$
X_{\lambda,a}=\{u(\cdot+\lambda a):\, u(x)=u(|x|) \in W^{1,2}(\mathbb{R}^N)\}.
$$
Denote by $X_a$ the closure of ...

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### Open sets and Poincaré's inequality

In many references, Poincaré inequality is presented in the following way :
Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb R^d$ an open bounded set. We can find a constant $C$ which depend of $\Omega$ such that for ...

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### Where can I find interpolation inequalities for derivatives of the following form?

Here they are:
$$||f||_{\infty} \leq C ||f||_q^{\frac {qk} {n+kq}} \left( \sum_{|\mu|=k} ||D^\mu f||_{BMO} \right)^{ \frac n {n+kq}}$$
and
$$||f||_{Lip_\alpha} \leq C ||f||_q^{\frac {qk} {n+kq} \frac ...

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### Is there a generalization of Sobolev spaces for certain locally compact groups?

I'm interested in knowing how far and how general the theory of Sobolev spaces has been developed. Classically, $H^k(U)$ for $U$ a subset of $R^n$ is given by derivatives up to order $k$ being square ...

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### Compact Embeddings of Sobolev Spaces: A Counterexample Showing The Rellich-Kondrachov Theorem Is Sharp

Let $U$ be an open bounded subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with $C^{1}$ boundary. Let $1 \leq p < n$ and $p^{\ast} = pn/(n-p)$. Then the Sobolev space $W^{1,p}(U)$ is contained $L^{p^{\ast}}(U)$ and ...

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### Boundary regularity for the Dirichlet problem

Let us consider the unit ball $B^n$ of $\mathbf{R}^n$ and $K = B^{n-1}(0,1/2) \times \{0\}$ the ball of dimension $n-1$ and radius $1/2$ lying on the equator.
We wish to solve the Dirichlet problem ...

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### Projections in Sobolev spaces

I was browsing through the literature but I have not found anything related to my question:
I am interested in decompositions of functions in Sobolev spaces $W^{k,p}(\Omega)$, where $\Omega$ is some ...

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### Bessel Potential Space inequality

The Bessel Potential Space is defined for $s\in\mathbb{R}$ as,
$H^s(\mathbb{R}^d) = \{f\in L_2(\mathbb{R}^n) : (1+|\cdot|)^{s/2}\hat{f}(\cdot)\in L_2(\mathbb{R}^n)\}.
$
This defines a Hilbert space ...

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### Embeddings for spaces of maximal regularity

Let $T\in(0,\infty)$ and $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a smooth domain. In terms of maximal regularity it can be very beneficial to know for which $s_i,p,n$ the following holds true
...

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### Image of the trace operator

It is well-known that we have the trace theorem for Sobolev spaces. Let $\Omega$ be an open domain with smooth boundary, we know that the map
$$ T: C^1(\bar\Omega) \to C^1(\partial\Omega) \subset ...

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### Finding an $H^1$ function given its values on $\partial\Omega$

Background
I've met this problem when I was trying to convert a elliptic PDE problem
into the corresponding variational problem in order to apply finite element method.
The PDE is an elliptic PDE ...

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### Extension theory with bump function

Let $B_t(0)$ denote the $n$ dimensional ball of radius $t$ centered at the origin. Does there exist a $\phi\in C(\mathbb{R}^n)$ function with the properties:
$
\phi (x) =
\begin{cases}
1&x\in ...

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### Sobolev space: probably simple ode…

I am trying to solve for $y(x)$ in terms of $f(x)$ in a convenient space (eg. $\dot{H}^2(\mathbb{T})$-zero mean). Here is the ode:
$y(x)+y(x)y'(x)=f(x)$.
I think a contraction mapping argument will ...

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### Do extracted weak $H^{1,2}$-limits and $C^0$-limits coincide?

Let $I$ be a bounded interval and consider a sequence $(u_k)$ in $H^{1,2}(I)$ (usual Sobolev space). Suppose furthermore, that the sequence $(u_k)$ is bounded in $H^{1,2}(I)$. Then, by Rellich, we can ...

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### Sobolev imbedding on Riemannian manifolds

Let $(M, g)$ be a non-compact smooth Riemannian manifold of dimension $n \ge 2$, and $G$ a subgroup of the isometry group of $(M,g)$, say with $G$ contained in the component of the identy.
Let ...