A Sobolev space is a vector space of functions equipped with a norm that is a combination of Lp-norms of the function itself and its derivatives up to a given order.

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$H=W$ for weighted Sobolev spaces

Meyers and Serrin's $H=W$ is well known, but how does it generalize when we add weights? Let's define $H^{m,p}(\mu_0,\dots,\mu_m)$ to be the completion of $C^\infty(\Omega)$ in the norm ...
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183 views

Sobolev's lemma on manifolds

Let $M$ be a n-dimensional closed submanifold in $\mathbb{R}^m.$ I was looking for a version of Sobolev's lemma saying that for $f \in {W}^{k,2}$ we find a representative of $f \in C^{r}$ satisfying ...
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65 views

A special approximation of BV functions

Suppose $\Omega:=B(0,1)\subset \mathbb R^2$. Let $u\in BV(\Omega)$ be a radially symmetric, i.e., $u(x)=u(Rx)$ for all $R\in SO(2)$. In addition, suppose $w$ to be an affine function,. i.e., ...
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235 views

Density of smooth functions in Sobolev space, respecting nonnegative traces

I am looking for a reference for the following result (if it is true, which I would expect): Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be a bounded Lipschitz domain. Let $\Gamma_0\subset\partial\Omega$ be ...
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1answer
203 views

Function and its Gradient with Prescribed Norms

I'm not sure if the following question is too elementary for Mathoverflow. I'm sorry if it is the case. Question: Let $n\in\mathbb{N}$ and let $1\leqslant p<\infty$. Let $\alpha,\beta>0$. ...
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1answer
188 views

$u_n$ bounded in $L^\infty(0,T;H) \cap L^2(0,T;V)$ implies $u_n \to u$ strongly in $L^2(0,T;H)$?

Let $V \subset H$ be a dense and compact embedding. Let $$\lVert u_n\rVert_{L^\infty(0,T;H)} + \lVert u_n \rVert_{L^2(0,T;V)} < C$$ where $C$ is independent of $n$. It follows that eg. $u_n ...
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75 views

Strong solution to parabolic equation without differentiability assumption on coefficient?

Consider on $(0,T)\times \Omega$, $\Omega$ a bounded domain $$u_t(t,x) - a(u(t,x))\Delta u(t,x) = f(t,x)$$ $$u|_{\partial\Omega} = 0$$ where $a$ is real-valued and satisfies $C_1 \leq a(r) \leq C_2$ ...
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1answer
230 views

Compact radial Sobolev embedding $H^1_{rad}\hookrightarrow L^p$

I want to show: Let $N\geq 2$ and $2< q <2^\ast$. Then the embedding \begin{align} H^1_{\text{rad}}(\mathbb{R}^N)\hookrightarrow L^q(\mathbb{R}^N) \end{align} is compact. I was able to show ...
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163 views

Weak (Sobolev) derivative and the Frechet derivative (chain rule) [closed]

Let $A: H^s(\Omega) \to H^1(\Omega)$ be a bounded linear map. Let $u \in H^s(\Omega)$. Let $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be nonlinear and Lipschitz such that $f(u) \in H^s(\Omega)$. Is it possible to ...
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58 views

Fractional Poincare inequality on closed manifold

Let $u \in H^{\frac 12}(M)$ on a compact closed Riemannian manifold. Can someone refer me to a source where the inequality $$\lVert u - \bar u \rVert_{L^{2^*}} \leq C|u|_{H^{\frac 12}}$$ is proved, or ...
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1answer
116 views

Extension of Sobolev Functions

Let $\,D\subseteq\mathbb{R}^{n-1}$ be a convex bounded domain. Let$A:D\to(0,\infty)$ be a Lipschitz continuous function. Let $\,\Omega\,$ be bounded domain in $\,\mathbb{R}^{n}\,$ of the form ...
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1answer
151 views

Identifying the weak limit of a gradient (Bochner spaces)

Let $X=L^2(0,T;L^2(\Omega))$ for an unbounded domain $\Omega$. Let $f_n, f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be functions with $f_n \to f$, $f_n(0)=f(0)=0$ and $f_n$ Lipschitz with Lipschitz constant ...
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201 views

Equivalence of fractional Sobolev space defined through Gagliardo norm and interpolation; dependence on the domain

Let $\Gamma$ be a smooth hypersurface in $\mathbb{R}^n$. We can define the fractional Sobolev space $$X = \{ u \in L^2(\Gamma) \mid |u|_X^2 := \int_\Gamma \int_\Gamma \frac{|u(x)-u(y)|^2}{|x-y|^{n+1}} ...
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1answer
159 views

Does Trudinger inequality implies this critical Sobolev embedding?

Let $1<p<\infty$, $\mathrm{L}^p_s(\mathbb{R}^n)=J_s(\mathrm{L}^p(\mathbb{R}^n))$, where $J_s=(I-\Delta)^{-\frac{s}{2}}$, or $\mathscr{F}(J_sf)(\xi)=(1+|\xi|^2)^{-\frac{s}{2}}\hat{f}(\xi)$. And ...
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51 views

The minimizing problem over a sequence of shrinking balls

Let $B(0,r)\subset \mathbb R^3$ be a ball centered at $0$ with radius $r$. Define $$ \mathcal A_r:=\{u\in H_0^1(B(0,r)),\,\,\|u\|_{L^{q+1}}=1\}$$ where $1<q<5$. Hence we know that each ...
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158 views

Solution to a PDE with constant data - what is the fault in my proof? [closed]

Let $C=\Omega \times (0,\infty)$. We want to find a solution $v \in H^1(C)$ such that given $u \in H^{\frac 12}(\Omega)$, $$\int_0^\infty\int_\Omega \nabla v \nabla \varphi + v_y\varphi_y = ...
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42 views

Finite elements $W^{1,\infty}$ error estimates

Are there finite element method setups that provide error estimates in the $W^{1,\infty}$ norm (i.e., bounds on $\|u'_h - u'\|_\infty$)? Which families of elements can be used for implementing them?
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112 views

Showing existence of positive weak solution of a PDE by CoV

Given the following PDE $$ \begin{cases} -\Delta u+\alpha=u^q &x\in\Omega\\ u=0 &x\in\partial\Omega \end{cases} $$ where $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^3$ is open bounded with smooth boundary, ...
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1answer
103 views

If $u_n \to u$ in $H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega)$, does $f(u_n) \to f(u)$ in $H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega)$ for $f$ Lipschitz?

Let $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth function with $|f'(x)| \leq C$ for all $x$ and $f(0)=0$. Suppose $u_n \to u$ in $H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega)$, where $\Omega$ is a bounded domain of ...
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2answers
240 views

About a completion of a Sobolev space

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded smooth domain and define $\mathcal{C} = \Omega \times (0,\infty)$. Below, $x$ refers to the variable in $\Omega$ and $y$ to the variable in $(0,\infty)$. The map ...
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2answers
129 views

Friedrichs/Poincare inequality on $S_n \times (0,\infty)$?

Should I expect the following Friedrichs/Poincare inequality to hold for $u \in C^\infty(S_n \times (0,\infty))$ with $u(x,0) = 0$: $$\int_{S_n \times (0,\infty)}|u|^2 \leq C\int_{S_n \times ...
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155 views

Bounded functions dense in Sobolev Spaces

Let $M$ be a complete Riemannian manifold. Is it always true that the subspace $C^2_b(M)\cap W^{2,p}(M)$ is dense in $W^{2, p}(M)$, where $C^2_b(M)$ denotes the space of functions that are uniformly ...
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265 views

Calculus of variation

This is probably simple but I'm stuck somewhere. I am trying to solve the calculus of variation problem that arise in an applied field: $$\min_{f \in C^1} \int^1_0 \int^1_0 (x-y)^2f(x,y)dxdy$$ ...
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180 views

Sobolev space and trace theorems on a non-compact Riemannian manifold with boundary ($M \times (0,\infty)$)

Let $M \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a $C^k$ ($k \geq 2$) compact hypersurface of dimension $n-1$ without boundary. Consider $X=M \times (0,\infty)$ which has boundary $\partial X = M \times \{0\}$. I am ...
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115 views

Existence of solution to weak form of linear equation with boundary integral (parabolic PDE)

Let $W(0,T) := \{ u \in L^2(0,T;H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega)) \mid u_t \in L^2(0,T;H^{-\frac{1}{2}}(\partial\Omega))\}$. Let $\gamma$ and $\xi$ denote the trace map and its right inverse. Does there ...
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1answer
91 views

Image of (right) inverse trace map $\xi\colon H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega) \to H^1(\Omega)$ dense in $H^1(\Omega)$?

Let $\gamma\colon H^1(\Omega) \to H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega)$ be the linear trace map which has a right continuous inverse $\xi\colon H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega) \to H^1(\Omega)$. Is the image of ...
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67 views

How do these two extensions of Sobolev spaces relate to each other?

In nonparametric statistics, the following space is often used $$H_{per}^\beta := \left\{f:[0,1]\to\mathbb{R}:\,D^{\beta-1}f\,\text{absolutely continuous and } D^\beta f\in L^2[0,1], \\D^{k}f(0) = ...
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150 views

The definition of $W_0^{1,\infty}$

I know how to define $W_0^{1,p}(\Omega)$, $\Omega\subset R^N$ open bounded smooth boundary, for any $1\leq p<\infty$. However, for definition of $W_0^{1,\infty}(\Omega)$, I always confused. ...
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1answer
98 views

Local fractional Sobolev inequality

If $\mathcal{X}$ is a smooth cutoff near 0 in $\mathbb{R}^n$, then $M_0 = \mathcal{X}(-\Delta+Id)\mathcal{X}$ is a self-adjoint operator in $L^2(\mathbb{R}^n)$. Because $M_0$ is semi-positive and the ...
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1answer
174 views

$\lVert u\rVert_{W^{2,p}}$ is bounded above by $\lVert \Delta_p u\rVert_{L^2}$ for $u \in W^{1,p}_0 \cap W^{2,p}$?

I work on a bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and let $p \geq 2$ and the operator $\Delta_p u = \nabla \cdot (|\nabla u |^{p-2}\nabla u)$. Does the following inequality (or something similar hold) for ...
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68 views

Regularity of solutions to $u' + Au = f$ for nonlinear monotone operator $A$

Consider the equation $$u' + Au = f$$ $$u|_{\partial \Omega} = 0$$ $$u(0) = u_0$$ where $A:L^p(0,T;W^{1,p}_0) \to L^q(0,T;W^{-1,q})$ is some monotone nonlinear operator (with additional assumptions). ...
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59 views

Introduction to free boundary problems (that are not Stefan problems)

Could someone recommend some notes/papers that deal with existence/regularity of free boundary problems arising from parabolic equations (excluding Stefan type equations)? I am thinking of eg. ...
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1answer
160 views

Question regarding to approximate continuity

Given $u\in BV(R^N)$, we say $u$ is approximate continuous at $x$ and the approximation limit is $l\in R$ if $$ \lim_{r\to 0}\frac{\mathcal{L}^N(B(x,r)\cap \{|u-l|>\epsilon\})}{r^N} =0 $$ for all ...
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1answer
70 views

Question regarding Laplace equation under Evans setting

All the following we use Evans notation. By Green's reconstruction formula, we could represent $u$ by $$ u(x)=\int_\Omega-\triangle u(y)G(x,y)dy-\int_{\partial \Omega}u(y)\partial_\nu ...
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2answers
339 views

Compactly supported functions and Sobolev spaces on manifolds

It is well-known that if a complete Riemannian manifold has bounded curvature and injectivity radius bounded away from zero, then the space $C^\infty_c(M)$ is dense in the Sobolev spaces $W^{k, p}(M)$ ...
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144 views

Lebesgue point and regularity of functions

A known theorem says that for $f \in L_{loc}^1(\mathbb{R}^d)$, almost every point is a Lebesgue point. I know too a theorem saying that for $f \in W_{loc}^{1,p}(\mathbb{R}^d)$ , every point is a ...
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170 views

Strong solution to $u_t - \Delta_p u = f$

For $p > 1$, consider the equation $$\langle u_t, v \rangle + \int_\Omega |\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u \nabla v = \langle f, v \rangle$$ $$u(0) = u_0$$ $$u|_{\partial\Omega} =0$$ for all $v \in ...
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1answer
369 views

Proving that a space is Hilbert

Let $H=H_0^1(0,\ell)\times H_*^1(0,\ell)\times H_*^1(0,\ell)$ be equipped with the norms \begin{align*} ...
7
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1answer
134 views

Best constant for a trace inequality

Having an open, simply connected set $\Omega \subset \Bbb{R}^N$ we may ask what is the best constant $C$ (if it exists) in the inequality $$ \int_{\partial \Omega} u^2 \leq C\int_{\Omega} |\nabla ...
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1answer
413 views

Sobolev Space, “characteristic function” for the weak derivative

Let $\Omega$ be an open bounded subset of $\mathbb{R}^N$, working in the space $H_0^1(\Omega)$ with the inner product $$(u,v)_{H_0^1} = \int_\Omega \nabla u \cdot \nabla v$$ for $u\in H_0^1$ and ...
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1answer
264 views

Equivalence discrete H^2 Sobolev norms

My aim is showing the equivalence of two discrete Sobolev norms. On $\mathbb{Z}^d$, $d\ge 2$, one defines the discrete derivative in the direction of the coordinate vector $\vec e_j$ as $$ ...
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1answer
165 views

Nonlocal Stefan problems

Has there been much work in the setting of Stefan (or general free boundary) problems with some type of nonlocality? A search on Google and MathSciNet give me only a handful of results which greatly ...
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209 views

Applications of composition operators on Sobolev spaces

I wold like to know some examples where composition operators on Sobolev spaces are useful. I'm in the following situation. $L^1_p(D)$ - homogeneous Sobolev space, in other words space of locally ...
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1answer
176 views

orthonormal basis or Parseval frame for Sobolev spaces

Consider the uni-variate Sobolev space of order $m$: $$ \mathcal{W}_2^m=\{ f:[0,1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}|f,f^{(1)},\dots ,f^{(m-1)}\, \text{are absolutely continuous and}\, f^{(m)}\in L^2\}.$$ It is ...
4
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121 views

Sobolev spaces of maps between manifolds and the Palais-Smale Condition

I'm currently reading some papers by Uhlenbeck on harmonic maps. She mentions the following facts: Let $M^m$ and $N^n$ be compact Riemannian manifolds, $N$ embedded isometrically into Euclidean ...
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91 views

Uniform bounds for a coupled parabolic system of PDE (linear)

Let $V=H^1(\Omega)$ and $H=L^2(\Omega)$ where $\Omega$ is a compact Riemannian manifold. Define $W = \{ w \in L^2(0,T;V) : w_t \in L^2(0,T;V^*)\}$. Consider the system, with $u^\epsilon, v^\epsilon ...
0
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1answer
185 views

A distributional normal derivative for functions in $H^1(\Omega)$

Let $\Omega$ be a smooth bounded domain with $\partial\Omega = \Gamma$. I have read this. For all $u \in H^1(\Omega)$ such that $-\Delta u = g \in L^2(\Omega)$ in distribution, we can define the ...
3
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216 views

Regularity of solution to Fokker Planck equation

Suppose that $\rho \in L^1(\mathbb{R}^n \times (0,T))$ for every $T < \infty$ is a weak solution of the PDE \begin{align} \partial_t\rho &= \Delta \rho + \text{div}(\rho\nabla\Psi(x))\\ \rho(t ...
3
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0answers
162 views

Linear interpolation in weighted Sobolev spaces

I am reading a paper regarding the pricing of certain financial derivatives making use of the finite element method. In this paper the following weighted Sobolev spaces are introduced: $W_{0}$ = $ \{ ...
3
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1answer
221 views

Strong maximum principle for weak solutions

Suppose I have a linear parabolic equation with solutions in the Bochner-Sobolev spaces (eg. $L^2(0,T;H^1) \cap H^1(0,T;H^{-1})$). Is it possible to obtain a strong maximum principle with a proof that ...