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1
vote
1answer
129 views

Getting an a priori bound on a nonlinear gradient term in PDE; how to adapt trick from $L^2$ case to $H^{-1}$ case?

I have the PDE $$u_t(t) - \Delta f(u(t)) = 0$$ in $H^{-1}(\Omega)$ where $f$ is a nonlinear function. Define $F(s) = \int_0^s f(s)$. Note that if $u_t(t) \in L^2(\Omega)$, $$\frac{d}{dt}F(u(t)) = ...
10
votes
1answer
192 views

Reference Request: Elliptic differential operators in the Fréchet setting

Normally the theory of (elliptic) differential operators between vector bundles (or $\mathbb{R}^n$) is presented in the language of Sobolev spaces. I'm searching for a book (or something similar) ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

properties of frequency-uniform decomposition operator $\square_{k}^{\sigma}$

Let $\rho \in S(\mathbb R^{n})= \text{Schwartz space}, \ \rho:\mathbb R^{n}\to [0,1]$ be smooth radial function verifying $\rho(\xi)=1$ for $|\xi|_{\infty}\leq \frac{1}{2}$ and $\rho(\xi)=0$ for ...
3
votes
1answer
133 views

Techniques to show existence for a PDE with dynamic boundary condition

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded domain. I am looking for techniques to show existence of solutions to dynamic boundary problems of the form $$\Delta u = 0 \quad\text{on}\quad \Omega \times (0,T)\\ ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

reference needed for sobolev type estimates

I'm reading a paper and the authors applied the following sobolev type estimates $$ ||(Dv)^{2}||_{H^{3k-2}(\Omega)}\leq C||v||_{H^{3k-1+\alpha}(\Omega)}^{2} $$ for $\alpha>\frac{1}{4}$, where $v$ ...
6
votes
2answers
366 views

Error of Discrete Fourier Transform on Finite Domain (vs. Continuous FT) in terms of Sobolev order

My question is about quantifying the error that occurs by approximating the continuous Fourier transform on a finite domain by using a discretised version with resolution $N$ for a function of a given ...
5
votes
1answer
251 views

Embeddings of Sobolev spaces

Let $s_1,s_2\in \mathbb R$ such that $-\frac12<s_1\le s_2$. There exists $C>0$ such that for all smooth functions $w$ , for all $r>0$, $$\operatorname{supp} w \subset(-r,r)\Longrightarrow ...
2
votes
0answers
78 views

Changing the test function space in a weak formulation of parabolic PDE

Suppose we are interested in the existence of a $u \in L^2(0,T;V)$ with $u' \in L^2(0,T;V^*)$ such that $$(u(T),\varphi(t))_H -\int_0^T \langle \varphi'(t), u(t) \rangle_{V^*,V} + \int_0^T ...
3
votes
1answer
126 views

Checking initial data in parabolic PDE with no control on time derivative

It is possible to define a weak solution of a parabolic PDE $$u_t - Au = f$$ $$u(0) = u_0$$ as $u \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$ such that $$-\int_0^T\int_\Omega u(t)\varphi'(t) + \int_0^T\int_\Omega ...
3
votes
0answers
177 views

Need a regularity result for parabolic PDE, want $u' \in L^\infty((0,T)\times \Omega)$

Let us assume $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ is as nice as required. Let $f \in L^\infty((0,T)\times \Omega)$ and let $g \in L^\infty((0,T)\times \Omega)$ satisfy $$0 < a \leq g(x,t) \leq b < ...
2
votes
0answers
134 views

A parabolic PDE with Lipschitz nonlinearity, how to obtain well-posedness?

Let $\Omega$ be a bounded smooth domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$ (or more generally a compact manifold). I'm interested in well-posedness (existence most importantly) of equations of the form $$u_t(t) - ...
3
votes
1answer
192 views

Is this integration by parts legitimate?

Let's consider in dimension $d\geq 3$ the Newton/riesz potential $f=I_2[g]$ $$ f(x)=\int_{R^d}\frac{1}{|x-y|^{d-2}}g(y)dy, $$ which solves $-\Delta f=g$ (up to positive normalizing constants, which I ...
2
votes
1answer
270 views

Are smooth functions dense in the space $\{u \in H^1(Q) \text{ with } \Delta_\Gamma u \in L^2(Q)\}$?

Define $$Q = \bigcup_{t \in (0,T)}\Gamma \times \{t\}$$ where $\Gamma$ is a compact (without boundary) hypersurface. Assume whatever smoothness is required. Define $L^2(Q) := L^2(0,T;L^2(\Gamma))$ ...
3
votes
0answers
170 views

Trace Theorem for $p=\infty$

I am considering the Sobolev space $W^{1,\infty}(\Omega)$ on a bounded Lipschitz domain $\Omega \subseteq \mathbb{R}^2$. I am wondering whether the trace theorem holds in this case with constant one ...
4
votes
1answer
229 views

Bounding $\lVert{u}\rVert_{C^0([0,T];V)} \leq C\left(\lVert{u}\rVert_{L^2(0,T;V)} + \lVert{u'}\rVert_{L^2(0,T;H)}\right)$?

Define $W(X,Y) = \{ u \in L^2(0,T;X) \mid u' \in L^2(0,T;Y)\}$ where $u'$ is the usual weak derivative. Let $V \subset H \subset V^*$ be a Hilbert triple. If $u \in W(V,V)$ (so $$u \in L^2(0,T;V) ...
-3
votes
1answer
176 views

$L^{1}(\mathbb R) \cap L^{2}(\mathbb R) \cap C_{0}(\mathbb R)\subset H_{1}(\mathbb R)$?

Put, $C_{0} (\mathbb R)=\{f:\mathbb R \to \mathbb C: f \text { is continuous on} \ \mathbb R \ \text {and } \lim_{|x|\to \pm \infty}f(x)=0 \}$(= Continuous functions on $\mathbb R$ vanishing at ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Almost a Green formula

Let $\Omega$ be the half-space $\mathbb{R}^{n-1}\times \{ x_n>0 \}$, let $v \in L^2(\Omega)$ and $\phi\in \mathcal{C}^{\infty}(\overline{\Omega})$ with compact support in $\overline{\Omega}$. What ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

well-posedness of heat equation with Neumann BC and periodic data

On a domain $\Omega$ with $f \in L^2(0,T;H^{-1})$ such that $f(0) = f(T)$, consider $$u_t - \Delta u = f\quad\text{on $\Omega$}$$ $$\frac{\partial u}{\partial \nu} = 0\quad\text{on $\partial\Omega$}$$ ...
3
votes
1answer
242 views

Equivalence of negative Sobolev norm of derivative to $L^2$-norm

Let $S:=(0,1)^2$ be the unit square in $\mathbb{R}^2$, and let $M:=\{u\in L^2(S)\mid \int_S u=0\}$ be the space of (real-valued) $L^2$-functions with mean value zero. On $M$ we can consider the ...
1
vote
0answers
123 views

Weak periodic solution of parabolic PDE

Take $$ u_t(t) + A(t)u(t) = f(t), $$ $$ u(0) = u(T), $$ where $A$ is an linear elliptic operator and the first equation is an equality in $L^2(0,T;V^*)$ for $V \subset H \subset V^*$ Hilbert triple. ...
-1
votes
1answer
202 views

Why can't I get global existence to linear PDE in this way? [closed]

For any $n > 0$, standard theory implies there is a unique $u_n \in L^2(0,n;V)$ with $u_n' \in L^2(0,n;V^*)$ such that $$u_n' + Au_n = f\quad\text{as an equality in $L^2(0,n;V^*)$}$$ $$u_n(0) = ...
3
votes
1answer
215 views

Inequality in the Sobolev space $H^1$

I've found the following inequality $$\int_{B_r}\vert u\vert^q\leq C \bigg(\int_{B_r}\vert\nabla u\vert^2\bigg)^{a}\bigg(\int_{B_r}\vert u\vert ...
0
votes
1answer
157 views

A Poincaré-type inequality with logarithmic function

For any function $f(x)$ we denote $\bar{f}:=\frac{1}{\Omega}\int_\Omega f(x)\,dx$. Let $\Omega\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be a bounded smooth domain and $u(x)> 0$ be a smooth function defined on ...
3
votes
2answers
312 views

Showing $H^1(\partial\Omega) \subset H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega)$ is continuous?

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb R^n$ be a bounded Lipschitz domain. How does one prove that the inclusion $H^1(\partial\Omega) \subset H^{\frac 12}(\partial\Omega)$ is continuous? I define $H^{\frac 1 ...
1
vote
2answers
99 views

References for well-posedness of weak solutions to Stefan problem

Can anyone recommend me any papers/texts that deal with the existence off weak solutions of the one-phase (or other) Stefan problem, or in general any sort of free boundary problem (for a beginner)? ...
2
votes
2answers
203 views

Interior Schauder estimates with weights

Suppose we have $u(x)\in H_2^{loc}(\Omega_{\rho})$, where $\Omega_{\rho}=\{x\in \mathbb{R}^n, |x|>\rho\}$, and in $\Omega_{\rho}$, $u$ satisfies the equation $$ \Delta u-V(x)u=0, $$ where $V$ is a ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

If $f \in H^{\frac 12}$ and $\varphi$ is Lipschitz, is $f\varphi \in H^{\frac 12}$ (on a Lipschitz hypersurface)?

Let $M$ be a bounded hypersurface. Let $f \in H^{\frac 12}(M)$ and let $\varphi\colon M \to \mathbb{R}$ be a Lipschitz function. When $M=\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ an open domain, we know that the ...
2
votes
2answers
242 views

property of local sobolev space

The local Sobolev space,defined as $W^{k,p}_{loc}(\Omega)$, is the space such that for any $u \in W^{k,p}_{loc}(\Omega)$ and any compact $V\subset \Omega$, $u \in W^{k,p}(V)$. I am just wondering if ...
3
votes
2answers
266 views

Sobolev spaces on boundaries

Consider the Sobolev space $W^{s,2}=H^s$ for $s=\frac{1}{2}.$ Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be an open set with boundary $\partial\Omega$. I have seen two definitions of the space ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Which rate of growth of the Sobolev norms guarantees analyticity?

Let $u\in C^\infty(\mathbb T^k)$, where $\mathbb T^k$ is the $k$-dimensional torus. (Equivalently, $u\in\mathbb R^k$ and $u$ is $2\pi$-periodic with respect of each argument.) We define the semi-norm ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

sub and super-levelset regularity for Sobolev functions

I'm wondering if there are known results about the "regularity" (in some sense to be determined) of sub and super levelsets of Sobolev functions $u\in W^{1,p}(\mathbb{R}^d)$. More precisely: Assume ...
4
votes
0answers
211 views

Alternative representations of Sobolev space

Is there a way to represent a Sobolev space as the image of a fractional integral operator over an $L^p$ Lebesgue space? Yes, as it was comment, there is an answer for that in the book "Singular ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

Examples of optimal ultracontractivity estimates for a Markovian semigroup $T_t$ that do not depend polynomialy on $t$

Let $(X,\mu)$ be a measure space and $T_t : L_2(\mu) \to L_2(\mu)$ for $t \geq 0$ a symmetric Markovian semigroup. Local ultracontractivity estimates of the form: $$ \| T_t : L_p(\mu) \to L_q(\mu)\| ...
3
votes
1answer
323 views

traces of sobolev spaces under additional assumptions

Let $p\in [1,\infty]$, $\Omega$ an open bounded domain with (smooth, if necessary) boundary $\partial \Omega$. Is there a subspace $X\subset L^p(\Omega)$ - a simply describable space, ideally a ...
1
vote
1answer
175 views

Examples of functions in $W^{k,p}(\Omega)$ with exact smoothness

Please give, explicitly, a function $f:\Omega\mapsto\mathbb{R}$ such that $f\in W^{k,p}(\Omega)$ but $f\notin W^{s,p}(\Omega)$ for $s>k$. Here $\Omega$ can be a subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with ...
2
votes
1answer
177 views

functions of bounded variation and gradient vector measure

I want to prove a function of bounded variation on some domain $D\subset R^n$, $f\in BV(D)$, has the property that there is a constant $C$, such that $$ \lim_{r\rightarrow 0}\frac{C}{r^{n+1}} ...
4
votes
4answers
641 views

Variation on the Sobolev space $H^1_0$

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be a bounded open set, let $$ C^1_0(\overline\Omega) = \{u\in C^1(\Omega)\cap C(\overline\Omega):u|_{\partial\Omega}=0\}, $$ and let $C^1_c(\Omega)$ be the space of ...
2
votes
1answer
205 views

Isocapacity inequalities in the theory of Sobolev Spaces

Section 9 of the lectures notes of Maz'ya (Мазья) on isocapacity, lectures notes that can be found at: http://www.math.liu.se/~vlmaz/pdf/mazya.pdf, discusses inequality between the $L^p$ norm in a ...
18
votes
4answers
912 views

When to use more exciting function spaces than ordinary Sobolev spaces?

In which kinds of PDEs are the more interesting function spaces required? I am thinking of spaces such as Besov and Triebel spaces, and their weighted versions. For example, Sobolev spaces ...
2
votes
1answer
183 views

Compact embedding of weighted sobolev spaces in continous functions spaces

Let the weighted sobolev space $M^p_{s,\delta}$ be the completion of $C_0^\infty(\mathbb{R}^n)$ in the norm \begin{equation} \sum_{\left\vert\alpha\right\vert\leq s}\left\Vert(1+\left\vert ...
3
votes
0answers
188 views

Degree of a function in $H^{\frac{1}{2}}(\mathbb{S}^1,\mathbb{S}^1)$

We can define the degree of a function $f \in H^{\frac{1}{2}}(\mathbb{S}^1,\mathbb{S}^1)$ as $$\mathrm{deg} \hspace{1mm} f = \frac{1}{2\pi i} \int_{\mathbb{S}^1} f^{-1} \frac{\partial f}{\partial ...
4
votes
1answer
164 views

Dependence of the constant in Korn's inequality on the domain

Let $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^N$ be an open, connected set with Lipschitz boundary, $N \geqslant 2$ and $$ \mathcal{E} ( v) := \int_{\Omega} \sum_{i, j} \varepsilon_{i j} ( v) \varepsilon_{i j} ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

Does a particular iteration produce a weak solution to a non linear pde?

Consider the following non linear pde in the unknown $v(x,y)$: $$ \frac{\partial v(x,y)}{\partial x} + \Big(\frac{\partial v(x,y)}{\partial x} \Big)^2 = e^{2 ty}-1 $$ where $t$ is some fixed small ...
5
votes
0answers
170 views

Is there an appropriate weighted Sobolev space to include exponential map and projection map?

Observe that given a non negative function $\omega: \mathbb{R^2} \rightarrow [0, \infty)$, we can define the weighted $L^{p}(\mathbb{R}^2, \omega) $ spaces. They are measurable functions $f: ...
3
votes
0answers
261 views

Moduli of smoothness, Besov spaces, and Sobolev spaces

For $1\leq p\leq\infty$, the $r$-th order $L^p$-modulus of smoothness is \begin{equation} \omega_r(u,t,\Omega)_p=\sup_{|h|\leq t}\|\Delta_h^ru\|_{L^p(\Omega_{rh})} \end{equation} where ...
12
votes
0answers
401 views

Classes of (non-continuous) functions with the fixed point property

Let $K$ be a convex body in $ R^d$. (Say, a ball, say a cube...) For which classes $ \cal C$ of functions, every function $ f \in {\cal C}$ which takes $K$ into itself admits a fixed point in $K$. ...
4
votes
1answer
277 views

Caccioppoli-Leray Inequality for De Giorgi's theorem proof

I am studying De Giorgi's proof of Holder continuity of solutions of elliptic equations with bounded measurable coefficients. This is the translation of the original paper De Giorgi paper At page ...
4
votes
1answer
271 views

about smoothing pseudodifferential operators

Hi, I have a question which involves pdo. Let us consider a pseudodifferential operator $A:S(\mathbb{R}^d)\rightarrow S(\mathbb{R}^d) $ whose symbol $a(x,\xi)$ lives in the $S_{0,0}^0$ class : $$ ...
2
votes
0answers
133 views

compact embedding in duals of weighted Sobolev spaces

On the whole space $\mathbb{R}^d$ consider the weight $\omega(x)=\sqrt{1+|x|}$. Under which conditions on $k,q$ is the embedding $$ L^p(\mathbb{R}^d,\omega(x)dx)\subset\subset ...
0
votes
1answer
166 views

Is BV2 space closed in L2 space?

We define the BV2 space by $S = \lbrace f\in L^2:\textrm{TV}(f)<\infty\rbrace$, where $TV(f)=\sup_{g\in C_c^1,\|g\|_\infty\leq 1}\int f\cdot \textrm{div}g$. My question is: is $S$ closed in $L^2$? ...