The smoothness tag has no wiki summary.

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### (When) is isomorphism on differentials enough to guarantee that a map is étale?

I'm sorry if this is too easy for MO.
Let $S$ be a locally noetherian scheme, flat over $\mathrm{Spec}\,\mathbb{Z}$, $X$ and $Y$ be flat $S$-schemes locally of finite presentation, and let $f:X\to Y$ ...

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194 views

### Hochschild cohomology and formal smoothness

Hochschild cohomology can be used to characterise formal smoothness of unital associative algebras; in that such an algebra $A$ is formally smooth if and only if it is of Hochschild cohomological ...

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134 views

### Does formal smoothness work compatibly across morphisms?

This question is about the formal smoothness property for schemes. A morphism $X\to S$ is formally smooth if for every affine $S$-scheme $Y$ and every subscheme $Y_0\subset Y$ cut out by a nilpotent ...

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**1**answer

153 views

### Does flatness/smoothness over special fiber imply flatness/smoothness globally?

Let $f:X \to \mbox{Spec } R$ be a projective morphism between irreducible Noetherian schemes. Assume that $R$ is a discrete valuation ring and its residue field is algebraically closed. Suppose now ...

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86 views

### on smoothness of morphisms on an artinian base

Let $A$, $B$ two smooth $R$-algebras of finite type for a artinian local ring $R$.
Let $I$ an ideal such that $I^{2}=0$ and $\bar{R}=R/I$.
We assume that the map $Spec B/IB\rightarrow Spec A/IA$ is ...

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166 views

### Kolmogorov superposition for smooth functions

Kolmogorov superposition theorem states that a continuous function $f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ can be written as
$$f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)=\sum_{q=0}^{2n}\Phi_q\left(\sum_{p=1}^{n}\phi_{q,p}(x_p)\right)$$
for ...

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53 views

### lift sections on a thickened curve

Let $X$ a curve over an algebraically closed field $k$ and $D$ a divisor on X.
Fix an integer $N$ and a closed point $x$ on $X$, we assume that $\deg(D)$ is big enough such that we have a surjective ...

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110 views

### scheme of sections over complete local ring

Let $f:X\rightarrow S= Spec(k[[\pi]])$ a finite type faithfully flat morphism.
Let $U\subset X$ be an open subset such that $U$ is smooth and surjective on $S$.
We consider the $k$-scheme ...

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**1**answer

179 views

### Structure of fundamental groups arising from smooth projective morphisms

Let $f:X\to B$ be a smooth projective morphism of complex algebraic varieties.
If $f$ is of relative dimension zero, i.e., $f$ is a finite etale cover, then the image of the topological fundamental ...

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116 views

### Steps required to recognise a $z$-smooth number

I am currently reading section 5 of Pomerance's paper The Number Field Sieve and I have a few questions about smooth numbers.
A number $x\in\mathbb Z_{\ge1}$ is called $z$-smooth if every prime ...

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101 views

### smooth morphism from a finite type source

Let $f: X\rightarrow Y$ a smooth morphism over a field $k$. We assume that $X$ is locally of finite type, does it imply that $Y$ is also locally of finite type?

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136 views

### fpqc, formal smoothness

Based on Possible formal smoothness mistake in EGA, let $X$ and $Y$ $k$-schemes ($k$ a field),
let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a fpqc morphism such that $f$ is formally smooth and $X$ formally smooth, do we ...

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111 views

### descent for formally smooth maps

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a morphism between schemes and $Y'\rightarrow Y$ a fpqc morphism
such that the base change $f'$ of $f$ to $Y'$ is formally smooth, does it imply that $f$ is formally smooth?

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**1**answer

135 views

### Importance of Denjoy-Carleman classes as a class.

Denjoy-Carleman classes of differentiable functions, say in Roumieu's form:
Given a log-convex sequence $M_n$ of positive number denote by $C_M=C_M(\mathbb{R}^n,0)$ the ring of germs of ...

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**1**answer

262 views

### Non Smooth K3 surface?

Hi,
My question is related to Algebraic Surfaces. I have seen that we always consider K3 surfaces which are smooth, but I wonder how can we define a non-smooth K3 surface.
The problem I see is on ...

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213 views

### Smoothness of the convolution of a singular measure with itself

Let $\gamma:I\subset\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^2, s\mapsto \gamma(s)$, denote the arclength parametrization of a smooth, convex curve $\Gamma:=\gamma(I)\subset\mathbb{R}^2$. Equip $\Gamma$ with ...

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357 views

### Do smooth ind schemes have Dualizing sheafs?

Say I have an ind scheme $X = \cup_i X_i$ over a field $k$. I have its tangent bundle $\hom_k(k[\epsilon], X)$ which I can think of as ind scheme via $\cup_i \hom_k(k[\epsilon],X_i)$. The problem is ...

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366 views

### Is the space of smooth partitions of unity connected? Simply-connected?

One of the requirements for a smooth manifold $M$ is that it be paracompact, and one of the equivalent definitions of paracompactness for a smooth space is that for overy open cover of $M$, there ...

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**1**answer

311 views

### Line bundles on Ind Schemes

I've learned when you have a integral smooth scheme line bundles are the same as Cartier divisors are the same as Weil divisors. My question is to what extent does this continue to hold (if at all) ...

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497 views

### Smoothness of hypersurfaces in Grassmannians

I have a general question, and then the specific version of that question I need for research. All vector spaces over $\mathbb{C}$.
Grassmanians of planes
The $(2,n)$-Grassmannian, denoted ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Interpolating between piecewise linear functions, with a family of smooth functions

Let $[a,b)\subset\mathbb R$, and $F,G:[a,b)\to\mathbb R$ two decreasing piecewise linear functions so that $F(x)\leq G(x)$ for any $x\in[a,b)$. We assume that:
there is a number $k\in\mathbb ...

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374 views

### Exotic smoothness and Parallelizability

Regarding the parallelizability of the Milnor's seven dimensional exotic spheres:
Parallelizability of the Milnor's exotic spheres in dimension 7
The following question naturally arises:
Suppose ...

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### Parallelizability of the Milnor's exotic spheres in dimension 7

Are the Milnor's seven dimensional exotic spheres parallelizable?

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445 views

### smoothness of solution for second order elliptic problem

Hello all,
could someone point me to a reference that ties the smoothness of the solution $u$ to the classical elliptic problem
$\nabla \cdot ( q \nabla u ) = f \;,\; x \in \Omega$
$u = g \;,\; x ...

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221 views

### Cubic spline smooting question

Hello,
I came across this link when searching for an algorithm for spline smoothing. Though I understand basically what I have to do I need further clarifications on the formula chosen for curvature ...

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277 views

### Computable distribution on [0,1] with C-infinity distribution function

Does anyone know of an easily-describable distribution on $[0,1]$ with a density $p$ (with respect to Lebesgue measure) that satisfies the following properties:
$p$ is $C^\infty$
$p(0) = a$, $p(1) = ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### smooth approximation of the hinge loss function

I came across this paper but the smooth approximation for the hinge loss function is wrong. Can someone guide me to the proper smooth approximation (using polynomials) of the function ...

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325 views

### If $K$ and $L$ are compact convex sets with smooth boundary, does their union have piecewise-smooth boundary?

Clarification: by "piecewise", I mean a finite number of pieces.
I'm sure this must be true, but my search for a citation was in vain (although I did learn the new term "polyconvex").
Thanks!

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253 views

### What are sufficient conditions on $f, g : \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ such that `$\{x : f(x) \geq t \} \cup \{ x : g(x) \geq u\}$` has piecewise-smooth boundary?

What are sufficient conditions on $f, g : \mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ such that $\{x : f(x) \geq t \} \cup \{ x : g(x) \geq u\}$ has piecewise-smooth boundary?
Some remarks:
I don't mind if the ...

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1k views

### Slice knots and exotic $\mathbb R^4$

In the http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0606464v1 I read
"If you want to prove existence of exotic smooth structure on $\mathbb R^4$ you can do this if you are in
possession of a knot which is ...

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**5**answers

608 views

### Does smooth target space and smooth fibers imply smooth total space?

Suppose that $f: X \rightarrow Y$ is a morphism between algebraic varieties. If $Y$ is smooth, and the fibers of $f$ over closed points of $Y$ are proper and nonsingular, does it follow that $X$ is ...

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### Example of a smooth morphism where you can't lift a map from a nilpotent thickening?

Definition. A locally finitely presented morphism of schemes $f\colon X\to Y$ is smooth (resp. unramified, resp. étale) if for any affine scheme $T$, any closed subscheme $T_0$ defined by a square ...

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835 views

### Is there an example of a variety over the complex numbers with no embedding into a smooth variety?

Is there an example of a variety over the complex numbers with no embedding into a smooth variety?

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1k views

### Is there an example of a formally smooth morphism which is not smooth?

A morphism of schemes is formally smooth and locally of finite presentation iff it is smooth.
What happens if we drop the finitely presented hypothesis? Of course, locally of finite presentation is ...

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387 views

### Can one check formal smoothness using only one-variable Artin rings?

Let f:X -> Y be a morphism of schemes over a field k. Can one check that f is formally smooth using only Artin rings of the form k'[t]/t^n, where k' is also a field?
Considering cuspidal curves one ...

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528 views

### If \Omega_X/Y is locally free of rank dim(X)-dim(Y), is X->Y smooth?

Suppose I have a morphism f:X→Y such that the relative sheaf of differentials ΩX/Y is locally free. Does it follow that f is smooth?
The answer is no, but for a silly reason. You could ...