Smooth manifolds and smooth functions between them. For manifolds with additional structure, see more specific tags, such as [riemannian-geometry]. For more topological aspects, see [differential-topology].

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21
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0answers
721 views

Do there exist exotic 4-tori?

More precisely: are there known manifolds which are homeomorphic, but not diffeomorphic to the standard 4-torus? Are there any nice invariants distinguishing such manifolds? Related: if such a ...
16
votes
0answers
516 views

Monoid structure of oriented manifolds with connect sum

Take the class of all compact, connected, boundaryless, smooth oriented $n$-dimensional manifolds, each taken up to orientation-preserving diffeomorphism. This is a commutative monoid with operation ...
15
votes
0answers
723 views

Is the category of smooth manifolds equivalent to the opposite category of the category of commutative monoids of some additive symmetric monoidal category?

This is a followup to my previous question, which asked whether the category of commutative or noncommutative C*-algebras or von Neumann algebras is equivalent to the category of commutative or ...
12
votes
0answers
132 views

Which spherical space forms embed in $S^4$?

Is there any hope of getting a classification of which 3-dimensional spherical space forms are smoothly embeddable in $S^4$? I read that lens spaces cannot embed in $S^4$, but some other spherical ...
12
votes
0answers
417 views

Exotic smoothness and Parallelizability

Regarding the parallelizability of the Milnor's seven dimensional exotic spheres: Parallelizability of the Milnor's exotic spheres in dimension 7 The following question naturally arises: Suppose ...
11
votes
0answers
254 views

Reference for a proof of the fiberwise Stokes theorem

The fiberwise Stokes theorem says that given a differential form on a smooth fiber bundle whose fibers have boundary, the difference between the fiberwise integral of the differential and the ...
9
votes
0answers
125 views

When does a cobordism factorize the sphere?

Let $W: \emptyset \Rightarrow M$ be a smooth cobordism from $\emptyset$ to a smooth closed $n$-manifold $M$. Are there reasonably simple conditions on $W$ which guarantee the existence of another ...
9
votes
0answers
262 views

Homology classes represented by $J$-holomorphic curves

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact Riemann surface with complex structure $j$. Let $(M,J)$ be an almost complex manifold. A map $u: \Sigma \rightarrow M$ is called $J$-holomorphic if $$ du \circ j = J \circ du....
8
votes
0answers
330 views

Space of embeddings of an $n$-ball into an $n$-manifold

Let $M$ be a smooth $n$-manifold without boundary, and let $B$ be the open unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$. I am trying to understand the space $\text{Emb}(B,M)$ of smooth embeddings of $B$ into $M$. ...
7
votes
0answers
251 views

Can any smooth triangulation of a smooth manifold be blurred?

For the purposes of this question, let's say that a blurring of a smooth triangulation $T$ of a smooth manifold $X$ is a smooth homotopy $h\colon [0,1] \times X \to X$ such that $h_0=\operatorname{id}...
7
votes
0answers
278 views

Question about theorem in Arnold's book on action-angles variables

I have a question about the action-angle theorem on p. 283 in Arnold's textbook on classical mechanics.(I added the link to this book in the last part of this question) If you don't have the book or ...
6
votes
0answers
176 views

A tangential fixed point property for manifolds embedded in Euclidean spaces

Assume that $M$ is a compact orientable manifold which is embedded in some Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^{N}$ We say that $M\subset \mathbb{R}^{N}$ has the tangential fixed point property if for ...
6
votes
0answers
270 views

Schoenflies and symplectic topology

The final report from a workshop on Morse theory in low-dimensional and symplectic topology includes the following question, posed by Michael Hutchings: Can we apply symplectic geometry to solve the ...
6
votes
0answers
255 views

Is there a citeable reference for star-shaped open subsets of R^n being diffeomorphic to R^n?

A folk theorem says that star-shaped open subsets of R^n are diffeomorphic to R^n. Is there a citeable reference for this result? For the sake of being definite, let's say that “citeable” means ...
6
votes
0answers
267 views

Universal property for complex blowup in smooth category

If $M$ is a smooth complex manifold and $N$ is a smooth complex surface, we may ask when a holomorphic map $f:M\rightarrow N$ lifts to a map $f:M\rightarrow [N:p]$, where $[N:p]$ denotes the blowup of ...
6
votes
0answers
190 views

How do metrics behave under joining along a manifold embedded in the boundary?

How do metrics behave under joining along a manifold embedded in the boundary? This is, more-or-less, part of Problem 4.66 in Kirby's List: Problem 4.66 How do metrics (e.g. Riemannian, Lorentz, ...
5
votes
0answers
84 views

Relationship between Gaussian and bisectional curvature

Let $f:\mathbb CP^1\to X$ be an smooth embedding which its image is the curve $C$ where $X$ is a Kähler manifold. Do we have that $$\sup_{\mathbb CP^1}K(f^*\omega)<\sup_C K(\omega),$$where $K(f^*\...
5
votes
0answers
180 views

Does $\#_n S^2×S^1$ really admit a map of non-zero degree from $B×S^1$?

In Proposition 4 on page 6 of this paper, http://arxiv.org/abs/1202.6302, the authors claim to produce a degree 2 $\pi_1$-surjective map $f$ between $M=S^1 \times \Sigma_2$ and $N=\#_2 S^2 \times S^1$ ...
5
votes
0answers
89 views

$H(M)$ necessarily highly non-integrable, i.e. forms contact structure?

Let$$M^{2n - 1} = \{z \in \textbf{C}^n : \textbf{h}(\textbf{z}, \textbf{z}) \equiv \textbf{z} \cdot \overline{\textbf{z}} = \textbf{1}\}$$be the unit sphere in $\textbf{C}^n$. Consider the real-...
5
votes
0answers
174 views

Intuition behind the following theorem of Reeb?

What is the intuition behind the following theorem of Reeb? If a compact manifold admits a function with only two critical points which are non degenerate, it is homeomorphic to the sphere.
5
votes
0answers
236 views

manifold branched covering space for orbifolds

An orbifold structure on some topological space $X$ is a covering of $X$ with local quotient charts $V/G$, where $V$ is some connected manifold and $G$ effectively acts on $V$ via a finite group of ...
5
votes
0answers
291 views

A vector space associated with a vector field on a symplectic manifold

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a $2n$ dimensional symplectic manifold and $X$ is a smooth vector field on $M$. Consider the following subvector space of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$: $$S(X)=\{Y\in \chi^{\infty}(M)\...
5
votes
0answers
232 views

Embedding tower in low codimension

If $F$ is a suitably nice functor from manifolds to spaces, it has a degree $k$ "polynomial" approximation $T_k F$ in the sense of embedding calculus. We set $T_\infty F := \mathrm{holim} T_k F$. The ...
5
votes
0answers
133 views

In cell-decomposed manifolds, how easy is it to arrange for the tubular neighborhood of a diagonal to contract onto the diagonal?

Suppose that you have decomposed a manifold $M$ into cells (I care most, if it matters, about compact oriented smooth manifolds; but if my question can be solved in the PL category, all the better). ...
5
votes
0answers
148 views

What is the name of the quotient of the Stiefel manifold of $k$-frames by the symmetric group of $k$ letters?

Let $V_k(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be the Stiefel manifold of $k$-frames in $\mathbb{R}^n$. The symmetric group of $k$ letters $\Sigma_k$ acts freely by permuting vectors in $k$-frames. Does the quotient $V_k(\...
4
votes
0answers
95 views

Higher tangent bundles of manifolds with non integer dimension

One way to define the tangent space of a manifold at a point $p\in M$ is the following: We define an equivalent relation on the space of curves passing $p$ as follows: Two curves $\alpha, \beta$ are ...
4
votes
0answers
131 views

No irreducible parallelizable manifold of given dimension

What is an example of a closed 4-manifold $M$ such that $M$ is parallelizable and $M$ is topologically (or at least smoothly) irreducible? Topological irreducible: it is not homemorphic to ...
4
votes
0answers
156 views

(co)limits in the category of diffeological spaces vs. category of smooth manifolds

I am wondering which (co)limits that exist in the category of smooth manifolds are preserved by the inclusion into the category of diffeological spaces? Are there any results that allow us to ...
4
votes
0answers
112 views

Connected sum of chiral manifolds

Let $M,N$ be two closed, smooth, orientable manifolds of the same dimension and assume that these manifolds are chiral, i.e. they do not admit an orientation reversing automorphism. Then there are two ...
4
votes
0answers
190 views

$n$-Fold Framed Functions

Suppose that $M$ is a manifold. One can consider a suitably constructed space of generalized framed Morse functions on $M$, let's call it $\mathrm{Fun}^\mathrm{fr}(M)$. This space is known to be ...
4
votes
0answers
224 views

“Naïve”cobordism?

The naive view of (say, complex) cobordism of a space $X$ is that it should be the group generated by continuous families of closed manifolds parametrized by $X$. Acting even more naively, one may try ...
4
votes
0answers
178 views

formal smooth morphism with a formal smooth source

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a morpism between $k$-schemes ( $k$ a field). We suppose that X is formally smooth and f is formally smooth and surjective. Do we have that $Y$ is formally smooth? Or if it's ...
4
votes
0answers
208 views

Ricci-flat metrics on Cotangent bundles in adapted complex structure

greetings, Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold. On some neighbourhood $X$ of the zero section in the cotangent bundle $T^{*}L$ we have a complex structure $J$ and a Kähler form $\omega$ s.t. ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

Transverse intersection in the $G$-orbit of paths

I know how to prove the following lemma but I assume that it is well-known. Can someone provide a reference for it? Let $d>1$ and let $M$ be a $d$-dimensional connected smooth manifold with a ...
3
votes
0answers
72 views

How to visualize the dual objects of jets of functions?

I work with a smooth $f: M \to \Bbb C$ and I would like to have an object mimicking the concept of "$k$-th order differential" from multivariate calculus. For various reasons that are not important ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

Interpolating from a Hard Lefschetz class to a Kaehler class

Let $X$ be a compact smooth manifold that admits symplectic and Kaehler structures. There is a paper by Ugarte, Rudyak, Tralle, and Ibanez, showing how the Lefschetz rank can vary along a path of ...
3
votes
0answers
81 views

Using and understanding the Atiyah-Bott localization theorem/integration formula

I posted this on r/math, but was told I might have better success here given the level of the question. Basically, I need to learn how to use the localization theorem to compute integrals on ...
3
votes
0answers
128 views

Is $C^\infty(M,\mathbb{R})$ an ind-(smooth manifold)?

Let $\mathrm{Man}$ be the category of smooth manifolds (2nd countable, Hausdorff, no boundary, not necessarily compact) and smooth maps, and let $M$ be an object thereof. Is the presheaf $S \mapsto C^...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

Reference request: linearly independent cycles in a manifold

The following seems to be well known to experts, but I would be happy if there is a paper or textbook that I can cite. Note: all of the manifolds are assumed to be without boundary. Suppose that $C$ ...
3
votes
0answers
244 views

Quotes from Connes

I found the following remark by Connes HERE: "the main quality of the homotopy type of a manifold is to satisfy Poincare duality not only in ordinary homology but in K-homology with the Fredholm ...
3
votes
0answers
122 views

Is a continuous map between smoothable manifolds of the same dimension always smoothable?

(My question is inspired by this math.SE question, whose negative answer I showed by a dimension-increasing map.) Is it the case that for all smoothable manifolds $M_0$ and $M_1$ with the same ...
3
votes
0answers
172 views

smoothing a current

Let $M$ be a smooth oriented manifold of dimension $n$ and $T$ a current of dimension $k$ on $M$. Let $\phi:P\times M \to M$ be a proper smooth family of diffeomorphisms of $M$ (i.e. $P$ is a smooth ...
3
votes
0answers
136 views

A symplectic version of critical points

According to the interesting comment of Mohammad F Tehrani, I revise the question as follows: Assume $n>2$. For what type of compact n dimensional manifolds $M$ we can say: For every smooth ...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

Analytic stuctures on $\mathbb R^n$ and the nilpotent ideal of supermanifolds

I have two questions which are somewhat related: (a) It is a well known result (of Freedman?) in differential topology that $\mathbb R^4$ has exotic smooth structures. Apparently, it is known that ...
3
votes
0answers
225 views

Density of C^\infty in the domain of the exterior derivative on a noncompact, complete manifold?

Let $(M,g)$ be a geodesically complete Riemannian manifold that is not necessarily compact. Futhermore, assume that $M$ has at most exponential volume growth (ie., locally doubling property). Let $\mu$...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

Decay of the Fourier transform of a surface area measure

Let $\mu$ be a surface area measure of a manifold $M\hookrightarrow\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. If $M$ is the unit sphere $S^n$, it's known that surprisingly the Fourier transform of $\mu$ decays: $$|\hat\mu(\...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

A problem of defining addition in a Quotient space

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be the space of all parametric curves $x:[0,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$. Let the set of all re-parameterizations of curves is $\Gamma = \{\gamma : [0, 1] \rightarrow [0, 1]| \gamma (...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Second derivative in auto-parallel equation

I am trying to derive the auto-parallel equation for a curve. Consider a smooth manifold $M$ with chart map $x$, and let $\gamma$ be a smooth curve in $M$. The action of its tangent vector $v_{\gamma}...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

References to study Weak and Strong Topologies and aproximations on function spaces of manifolds

I´m studing weak and strong topologies and aproximations on the function space $C^{\infty}(M,N)$ of two manifolds $M$ and $N$. I´m using the book Differential Topology of Morris Hirsch but it is a ...
2
votes
0answers
121 views

Tubular neighborhoods in the proof of the Morse homology theorem

I have a question regarding the proof of the Morse homology theorem given by D. Salamon in "Morse theory, the Conley index and Floer homology". The full text can be found here: http://www.mtm.ufsc.br/...