Smooth manifolds and smooth functions between them. For manifolds with additional structure, see more specific tags, such as [riemannian-geometry]. For more topological aspects, see [differential-topology].

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Do there exist exotic 4-tori?

More precisely: are there known manifolds which are homeomorphic, but not diffeomorphic to the standard 4-torus? Are there any nice invariants distinguishing such manifolds? Related: if such a ...
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Monoid structure of oriented manifolds with connect sum

Take the class of all compact, connected, boundaryless, smooth oriented $n$-dimensional manifolds, each taken up to orientation-preserving diffeomorphism. This is a commutative monoid with operation ...
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Is the category of smooth manifolds equivalent to the opposite category of the category of commutative monoids of some additive symmetric monoidal category?

This is a followup to my previous question, which asked whether the category of commutative or noncommutative C*-algebras or von Neumann algebras is equivalent to the category of commutative or ...
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Which spherical space forms embed in $S^4$?

Is there any hope of getting a classification of which 3-dimensional spherical space forms are smoothly embeddable in $S^4$? I read that lens spaces cannot embed in $S^4$, but some other spherical ...
12
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Exotic smoothness and Parallelizability

Regarding the parallelizability of the Milnor's seven dimensional exotic spheres: Parallelizability of the Milnor's exotic spheres in dimension 7 The following question naturally arises: Suppose ...
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257 views

Reference for a proof of the fiberwise Stokes theorem

The fiberwise Stokes theorem says that given a differential form on a smooth fiber bundle whose fibers have boundary, the difference between the fiberwise integral of the differential and the ...
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125 views

When does a cobordism factorize the sphere?

Let $W: \emptyset \Rightarrow M$ be a smooth cobordism from $\emptyset$ to a smooth closed $n$-manifold $M$. Are there reasonably simple conditions on $W$ which guarantee the existence of another ...
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Homology classes represented by $J$-holomorphic curves

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact Riemann surface with complex structure $j$. Let $(M,J)$ be an almost complex manifold. A map $u: \Sigma \rightarrow M$ is called $J$-holomorphic if $$ du \circ j = J \circ du....
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Space of embeddings of an $n$-ball into an $n$-manifold

Let $M$ be a smooth $n$-manifold without boundary, and let $B$ be the open unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$. I am trying to understand the space $\text{Emb}(B,M)$ of smooth embeddings of $B$ into $M$. ...
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$H(M)$ necessarily highly non-integrable, i.e. forms contact structure?

Let$$M^{2n - 1} = \{z \in \textbf{C}^n : \textbf{h}(\textbf{z}, \textbf{z}) \equiv \textbf{z} \cdot \overline{\textbf{z}} = \textbf{1}\}$$be the unit sphere in $\textbf{C}^n$. Consider the real-...
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Can any smooth triangulation of a smooth manifold be blurred?

For the purposes of this question, let's say that a blurring of a smooth triangulation $T$ of a smooth manifold $X$ is a smooth homotopy $h\colon [0,1] \times X \to X$ such that $h_0=\operatorname{id}...
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Question about theorem in Arnold's book on action-angles variables

I have a question about the action-angle theorem on p. 283 in Arnold's textbook on classical mechanics.(I added the link to this book in the last part of this question) If you don't have the book or ...
6
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A tangential fixed point property for manifolds embedded in Euclidean spaces

Assume that $M$ is a compact orientable manifold which is embedded in some Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^{N}$ We say that $M\subset \mathbb{R}^{N}$ has the tangential fixed point property if for ...
6
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272 views

Schoenflies and symplectic topology

The final report from a workshop on Morse theory in low-dimensional and symplectic topology includes the following question, posed by Michael Hutchings: Can we apply symplectic geometry to solve the ...
6
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257 views

Is there a citeable reference for star-shaped open subsets of R^n being diffeomorphic to R^n?

A folk theorem says that star-shaped open subsets of R^n are diffeomorphic to R^n. Is there a citeable reference for this result? For the sake of being definite, let's say that “citeable” means ...
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Universal property for complex blowup in smooth category

If $M$ is a smooth complex manifold and $N$ is a smooth complex surface, we may ask when a holomorphic map $f:M\rightarrow N$ lifts to a map $f:M\rightarrow [N:p]$, where $[N:p]$ denotes the blowup of ...
6
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190 views

How do metrics behave under joining along a manifold embedded in the boundary?

How do metrics behave under joining along a manifold embedded in the boundary? This is, more-or-less, part of Problem 4.66 in Kirby's List: Problem 4.66 How do metrics (e.g. Riemannian, Lorentz, ...
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Lie subalgebras of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$ of codimension $n=dim M$

For a connected $n$ manifold $M$, the Lie algebra of all smooth vector fields is denoted by $\chi^{\infty}(M)$. For a pointe $p\in M$ we define $L_{p}=\{X\in \chi^{\infty}(M)\mid X(p)=0\} $....
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Short and elegant definition of the $C^1$ topology

A friend told me that the $\mathbf{C^1}$-topology on the set $C^\infty(M,N)$ of smooth functions between two smooth manifolds $M$ and $N$ can be defined as the coarsest topology making the map $$ C^\...
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Relationship between Gaussian and bisectional curvature

Let $f:\mathbb CP^1\to X$ be an smooth embedding which its image is the curve $C$ where $X$ is a Kähler manifold. Do we have that $$\sup_{\mathbb CP^1}K(f^*\omega)<\sup_C K(\omega),$$where $K(f^*\...
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Does $\#_n S^2×S^1$ really admit a map of non-zero degree from $B×S^1$?

In Proposition 4 on page 6 of this paper, http://arxiv.org/abs/1202.6302, the authors claim to produce a degree 2 $\pi_1$-surjective map $f$ between $M=S^1 \times \Sigma_2$ and $N=\#_2 S^2 \times S^1$ ...
5
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179 views

Intuition behind the following theorem of Reeb?

What is the intuition behind the following theorem of Reeb? If a compact manifold admits a function with only two critical points which are non degenerate, it is homeomorphic to the sphere.
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manifold branched covering space for orbifolds

An orbifold structure on some topological space $X$ is a covering of $X$ with local quotient charts $V/G$, where $V$ is some connected manifold and $G$ effectively acts on $V$ via a finite group of ...
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A vector space associated with a vector field on a symplectic manifold

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a $2n$ dimensional symplectic manifold and $X$ is a smooth vector field on $M$. Consider the following subvector space of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$: $$S(X)=\{Y\in \chi^{\infty}(M)\...
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Embedding tower in low codimension

If $F$ is a suitably nice functor from manifolds to spaces, it has a degree $k$ "polynomial" approximation $T_k F$ in the sense of embedding calculus. We set $T_\infty F := \mathrm{holim} T_k F$. The ...
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133 views

In cell-decomposed manifolds, how easy is it to arrange for the tubular neighborhood of a diagonal to contract onto the diagonal?

Suppose that you have decomposed a manifold $M$ into cells (I care most, if it matters, about compact oriented smooth manifolds; but if my question can be solved in the PL category, all the better). ...
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What is the name of the quotient of the Stiefel manifold of $k$-frames by the symmetric group of $k$ letters?

Let $V_k(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be the Stiefel manifold of $k$-frames in $\mathbb{R}^n$. The symmetric group of $k$ letters $\Sigma_k$ acts freely by permuting vectors in $k$-frames. Does the quotient $V_k(\...
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Higher tangent bundles of manifolds with non integer dimension

One way to define the tangent space of a manifold at a point $p\in M$ is the following: We define an equivalent relation on the space of curves passing $p$ as follows: Two curves $\alpha, \beta$ are ...
4
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131 views

No irreducible parallelizable manifold of given dimension

What is an example of a closed 4-manifold $M$ such that $M$ is parallelizable and $M$ is topologically (or at least smoothly) irreducible? Topological irreducible: it is not homemorphic to ...
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(co)limits in the category of diffeological spaces vs. category of smooth manifolds

I am wondering which (co)limits that exist in the category of smooth manifolds are preserved by the inclusion into the category of diffeological spaces? Are there any results that allow us to ...
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Connected sum of chiral manifolds

Let $M,N$ be two closed, smooth, orientable manifolds of the same dimension and assume that these manifolds are chiral, i.e. they do not admit an orientation reversing automorphism. Then there are two ...
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$n$-Fold Framed Functions

Suppose that $M$ is a manifold. One can consider a suitably constructed space of generalized framed Morse functions on $M$, let's call it $\mathrm{Fun}^\mathrm{fr}(M)$. This space is known to be ...
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“Naïve”cobordism?

The naive view of (say, complex) cobordism of a space $X$ is that it should be the group generated by continuous families of closed manifolds parametrized by $X$. Acting even more naively, one may try ...
4
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formal smooth morphism with a formal smooth source

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a morpism between $k$-schemes ( $k$ a field). We suppose that X is formally smooth and f is formally smooth and surjective. Do we have that $Y$ is formally smooth? Or if it's ...
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Ricci-flat metrics on Cotangent bundles in adapted complex structure

greetings, Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold. On some neighbourhood $X$ of the zero section in the cotangent bundle $T^{*}L$ we have a complex structure $J$ and a Kähler form $\omega$ s.t. ...
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Manifolds and CW-complexes

Let us consider a category $C$ formed by topological spaces and continuous functions (or by smooth manifolds and smooth functions). We consider the morphism category $C_{2}$. An object of $C_{2}$ is a ...
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Transverse intersection in the $G$-orbit of paths

I know how to prove the following lemma but I assume that it is well-known. Can someone provide a reference for it? Let $d>1$ and let $M$ be a $d$-dimensional connected smooth manifold with a ...
3
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How to visualize the dual objects of jets of functions?

I work with a smooth $f: M \to \Bbb C$ and I would like to have an object mimicking the concept of "$k$-th order differential" from multivariate calculus. For various reasons that are not important ...
3
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Interpolating from a Hard Lefschetz class to a Kaehler class

Let $X$ be a compact smooth manifold that admits symplectic and Kaehler structures. There is a paper by Ugarte, Rudyak, Tralle, and Ibanez, showing how the Lefschetz rank can vary along a path of ...
3
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Using and understanding the Atiyah-Bott localization theorem/integration formula

I posted this on r/math, but was told I might have better success here given the level of the question. Basically, I need to learn how to use the localization theorem to compute integrals on ...
3
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Is $C^\infty(M,\mathbb{R})$ an ind-(smooth manifold)?

Let $\mathrm{Man}$ be the category of smooth manifolds (2nd countable, Hausdorff, no boundary, not necessarily compact) and smooth maps, and let $M$ be an object thereof. Is the presheaf $S \mapsto C^...
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Reference request: linearly independent cycles in a manifold

The following seems to be well known to experts, but I would be happy if there is a paper or textbook that I can cite. Note: all of the manifolds are assumed to be without boundary. Suppose that $C$ ...
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Quotes from Connes

I found the following remark by Connes HERE: "the main quality of the homotopy type of a manifold is to satisfy Poincare duality not only in ordinary homology but in K-homology with the Fredholm ...
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Is a continuous map between smoothable manifolds of the same dimension always smoothable?

(My question is inspired by this math.SE question, whose negative answer I showed by a dimension-increasing map.) Is it the case that for all smoothable manifolds $M_0$ and $M_1$ with the same ...
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Smooth function over a manifold into an algebra

Let $M$ be a manifold and $A$ a $*$-algebra. Does is hold that $$C^{\infty}(M,A) \cong C^{\infty}(M) \otimes A$$ where the RHS means that you take smooth functions which map into $A$. If this holds, ...
3
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smoothing a current

Let $M$ be a smooth oriented manifold of dimension $n$ and $T$ a current of dimension $k$ on $M$. Let $\phi:P\times M \to M$ be a proper smooth family of diffeomorphisms of $M$ (i.e. $P$ is a smooth ...
3
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A symplectic version of critical points

According to the interesting comment of Mohammad F Tehrani, I revise the question as follows: Assume $n>2$. For what type of compact n dimensional manifolds $M$ we can say: For every smooth ...
3
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Analytic stuctures on $\mathbb R^n$ and the nilpotent ideal of supermanifolds

I have two questions which are somewhat related: (a) It is a well known result (of Freedman?) in differential topology that $\mathbb R^4$ has exotic smooth structures. Apparently, it is known that ...
3
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225 views

Density of C^\infty in the domain of the exterior derivative on a noncompact, complete manifold?

Let $(M,g)$ be a geodesically complete Riemannian manifold that is not necessarily compact. Futhermore, assume that $M$ has at most exponential volume growth (ie., locally doubling property). Let $\mu$...
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Thom form of holomorphic bundle over Kaehler manifolds/orbifolds

Consider a holomorphic vector bundle $\pi:E\rightarrow X$ of complex rank $m$ over a Kaehler manifold $X$. Can we find a Thom form $\Theta$ of $E$ such that as a form on the complex manifold $E$, it ...