Smooth manifolds and smooth functions between them. For manifolds with additional structure, see more specific tags, such as [riemannian-geometry]. For more topological aspects, see [differential-topology].

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20
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603 views

Do there exist exotic 4-tori?

More precisely: are there known manifolds which are homeomorphic, but not diffeomorphic to the standard 4-torus? Are there any nice invariants distinguishing such manifolds? Related: if such a ...
17
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0answers
216 views

Finite limits in the category of smooth manifolds?

The category of smooth manifolds does not have all finite limits. However, it does have some limits: it has finite products, it has splittings of idempotents, and it has certain other limits if we ...
16
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454 views

Monoid structure of oriented manifolds with connect sum

Take the class of all compact, connected, boundaryless, smooth oriented $n$-dimensional manifolds, each taken up to orientation-preserving diffeomorphism. This is a commutative monoid with operation ...
14
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670 views

Is the category of smooth manifolds equivalent to the opposite category of the category of commutative monoids of some additive symmetric monoidal category?

This is a followup to my previous question, which asked whether the category of commutative or noncommutative C*-algebras or von Neumann algebras is equivalent to the category of commutative or ...
10
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394 views

Exotic smoothness and Parallelizability

Regarding the parallelizability of the Milnor's seven dimensional exotic spheres: Parallelizability of the Milnor's exotic spheres in dimension 7 The following question naturally arises: Suppose ...
9
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214 views

Reference for a proof of the fiberwise Stokes theorem

The fiberwise Stokes theorem says that given a differential form on a smooth fiber bundle whose fibers have boundary, the difference between the fiberwise integral of the differential and the ...
9
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244 views

Homology classes represented by $J$-holomorphic curves

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact Riemann surface with complex structure $j$. Let $(M,J)$ be an almost complex manifold. A map $u: \Sigma \rightarrow M$ is called $J$-holomorphic if $$ du \circ j = J \circ ...
8
votes
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109 views

When does a cobordism factorize the sphere?

Let $W: \emptyset \Rightarrow M$ be a smooth cobordism from $\emptyset$ to a smooth closed $n$-manifold $M$. Are there reasonably simple conditions on $W$ which guarantee the existence of another ...
8
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305 views

Space of embeddings of an $n$-ball into an $n$-manifold

Let $M$ be a smooth $n$-manifold without boundary, and let $B$ be the open unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$. I am trying to understand the space $\text{Emb}(B,M)$ of smooth embeddings of $B$ into $M$. ...
6
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147 views

Intuition behind the following theorem of Reeb?

What is the intuition behind the following theorem of Reeb? If a compact manifold admits a function with only two critical points which are non degenerate, it is homeomorphic to the sphere.
6
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216 views

Schoenflies and symplectic topology

The final report from a workshop on Morse theory in low-dimensional and symplectic topology includes the following question, posed by Michael Hutchings: Can we apply symplectic geometry to solve the ...
6
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262 views

Universal property for complex blowup in smooth category

If $M$ is a smooth complex manifold and $N$ is a smooth complex surface, we may ask when a holomorphic map $f:M\rightarrow N$ lifts to a map $f:M\rightarrow [N:p]$, where $[N:p]$ denotes the blowup of ...
6
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185 views

How do metrics behave under joining along a manifold embedded in the boundary?

How do metrics behave under joining along a manifold embedded in the boundary? This is, more-or-less, part of Problem 4.66 in Kirby's List: Problem 4.66 How do metrics (e.g. Riemannian, Lorentz, ...
5
votes
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211 views

Is there a citeable reference for star-shaped open subsets of R^n being diffeomorphic to R^n?

A folk theorem says that star-shaped open subsets of R^n are diffeomorphic to R^n. Is there a citeable reference for this result? For the sake of being definite, let's say that “citeable” means ...
5
votes
0answers
306 views

Kernel of Bianchi operator: Is a (smooth tame) Frechet manifold?

Let $M$ be a smooth compact manifold, $\mathcal{S}=\Gamma(\odot^2T^*M)$ the smooth tame Frechet space of smooth symmetric $2$-covariant tensors, and $\mathcal{M}=\Gamma(\odot^2_+T^*M)$ the smooth tame ...
5
votes
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225 views

Embedding tower in low codimension

If $F$ is a suitably nice functor from manifolds to spaces, it has a degree $k$ "polynomial" approximation $T_k F$ in the sense of embedding calculus. We set $T_\infty F := \mathrm{holim} T_k F$. The ...
5
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0answers
122 views

In cell-decomposed manifolds, how easy is it to arrange for the tubular neighborhood of a diagonal to contract onto the diagonal?

Suppose that you have decomposed a manifold $M$ into cells (I care most, if it matters, about compact oriented smooth manifolds; but if my question can be solved in the PL category, all the better). ...
5
votes
0answers
144 views

What is the name of the quotient of the Stiefel manifold of $k$-frames by the symmetric group of $k$ letters?

Let $V_k(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be the Stiefel manifold of $k$-frames in $\mathbb{R}^n$. The symmetric group of $k$ letters $\Sigma_k$ acts freely by permuting vectors in $k$-frames. Does the quotient ...
4
votes
0answers
93 views

No irreducible parallelizable manifold of given dimension

What is an example of a closed 4-manifold $M$ such that $M$ is parallelizable and $M$ is topologically (or at least smoothly) irreducible? Topological irreducible: it is not homemorphic to ...
4
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0answers
170 views

manifold branched covering space for orbifolds

An orbifold structure on some topological space $X$ is a covering of $X$ with local quotient charts $V/G$, where $V$ is some connected manifold and $G$ effectively acts on $V$ via a finite group of ...
4
votes
0answers
102 views

Connected sum of chiral manifolds

Let $M,N$ be two closed, smooth, orientable manifolds of the same dimension and assume that these manifolds are chiral, i.e. they do not admit an orientation reversing automorphism. Then there are two ...
4
votes
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284 views

A vector space associated with a vector field on a symplectic manifold

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a $2n$ dimensional symplectic manifold and $X$ is a smooth vector field on $M$. Consider the following subvector space of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$: $$S(X)=\{Y\in ...
4
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178 views

$n$-Fold Framed Functions

Suppose that $M$ is a manifold. One can consider a suitably constructed space of generalized framed Morse functions on $M$, let's call it $\mathrm{Fun}^\mathrm{fr}(M)$. This space is known to be ...
4
votes
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203 views

“Naïve”cobordism?

The naive view of (say, complex) cobordism of a space $X$ is that it should be the group generated by continuous families of closed manifolds parametrized by $X$. Acting even more naively, one may try ...
4
votes
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150 views

formal smooth morphism with a formal smooth source

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a morpism between $k$-schemes ( $k$ a field). We suppose that X is formally smooth and f is formally smooth and surjective. Do we have that $Y$ is formally smooth? Or if it's ...
4
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0answers
202 views

Ricci-flat metrics on Cotangent bundles in adapted complex structure

greetings, Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold. On some neighbourhood $X$ of the zero section in the cotangent bundle $T^{*}L$ we have a complex structure $J$ and a Kähler form $\omega$ s.t. ...
3
votes
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77 views

Reference request: linearly independent cycles in a manifold

The following seems to be well known to experts, but I would be happy if there is a paper or textbook that I can cite. Note: all of the manifolds are assumed to be without boundary. Suppose that $C$ ...
3
votes
0answers
229 views

Quotes from Connes

I found the following remark by Connes HERE: "the main quality of the homotopy type of a manifold is to satisfy Poincare duality not only in ordinary homology but in K-homology with the Fredholm ...
3
votes
0answers
105 views

Is a continuous map between smoothable manifolds of the same dimension always smoothable?

(My question is inspired by this math.SE question, whose negative answer I showed by a dimension-increasing map.) Is it the case that for all smoothable manifolds $M_0$ and $M_1$ with the same ...
3
votes
0answers
159 views

smoothing a current

Let $M$ be a smooth oriented manifold of dimension $n$ and $T$ a current of dimension $k$ on $M$. Let $\phi:P\times M \to M$ be a proper smooth family of diffeomorphisms of $M$ (i.e. $P$ is a smooth ...
3
votes
0answers
127 views

A symplectic version of critical points

According to the interesting comment of Mohammad F Tehrani, I revise the question as follows: Assume $n>2$. For what type of compact n dimensional manifolds $M$ we can say: For every smooth ...
3
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0answers
77 views

Analytic stuctures on $\mathbb R^n$ and the nilpotent ideal of supermanifolds

I have two questions which are somewhat related: (a) It is a well known result (of Freedman?) in differential topology that $\mathbb R^4$ has exotic smooth structures. Apparently, it is known that ...
3
votes
0answers
222 views

Density of C^\infty in the domain of the exterior derivative on a noncompact, complete manifold?

Let $(M,g)$ be a geodesically complete Riemannian manifold that is not necessarily compact. Futhermore, assume that $M$ has at most exponential volume growth (ie., locally doubling property). Let ...
2
votes
0answers
354 views

Differential and pre-differential of Jacobi identity

Let M be a manifold. To what extent all Lie algebra structures with tensorial property on $\chi^{\infty}(M)$ are studied? That is a Lie algebra structure for which $[X,fY]=f[X,Y]$. (For ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Second derivative in auto-parallel equation

I am trying to derive the auto-parallel equation for a curve. Consider a smooth manifold $M$ with chart map $x$, and let $\gamma$ be a smooth curve in $M$. The action of its tangent vector ...
2
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43 views

References to study Weak and Strong Topologies and aproximations on function spaces of manifolds

I´m studing weak and strong topologies and aproximations on the function space $C^{\infty}(M,N)$ of two manifolds $M$ and $N$. I´m using the book Differential Topology of Morris Hirsch but it is a ...
2
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0answers
135 views

(co)limits in the category of diffeological spaces vs. category of smooth manifolds

I am wondering which (co)limits that exist in the category of smooth manifolds are preserved by the inclusion into the category of diffeological spaces? Are there any results that allow us to ...
2
votes
0answers
168 views

The Cauchy Problem in General Relativity: Existence of a Hausdorff Development

This is related to a problem that I posed about a year ago. I was given several references by a number of experts who were kind enough to entertain my rather arcane question. Those references were ...
2
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0answers
280 views

Closed 4-manifolds with uncountably many differentiable structures

I know that $\mathbb{R}^4$ admits uncountably many differentiable structures and I was wandering what happen if we consider closed 4-manifolds. Are there any closed 4-manifolds with uncountably many ...
2
votes
0answers
88 views

Smooth function over a manifold into an algebra

Let $M$ be a manifold and $A$ a $*$-algebra. Does is hold that $$C^{\infty}(M,A) \cong C^{\infty}(M) \otimes A$$ where the RHS means that you take smooth functions which map into $A$. If this holds, ...
2
votes
0answers
82 views

Strictly Convex Smoothing of a function defined on an affine manifold

A function defined on an interval is strongly convex if it has positive definite second derivative. A function on an affine manifold is strongly convex if its restriction to each line is. An affine ...
2
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0answers
111 views

Analytic version of the Cartan lemma

Assume that $\beta$ is a real analytic 2-form on an analytic manifold $M$ and $\alpha$ is an analytic non vanishing 1-form on $M$. Assume that $\beta \wedge \alpha=0$. Is there an analytic 1-form ...
2
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0answers
116 views

Foliation values of a manifold

Let $M$ be a smooth n dimensional manifold. The foliation values of $M$, denoted by $F(M)$, is defined as \begin{equation} F(M)=\{ 1\leq k\leq n\mid \text{there exist an smooth $k$ dimensional ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Non-clean fiber products

Usually, the most general condition for fiber product of manifolds (or vector bundles) to exist is that we require the images cleanly intersects. See e.g. When do fibre products of smooth manifolds ...
2
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0answers
112 views

isomap and self intersections

I sample a 2D surface in $\mathbb{R}^3$ with $N$ points, and compute an isomap using pairwise weighted geodesic distances. I am thus able to embed this surface into a $M$ dimensional space in which ...
2
votes
0answers
382 views

Space of derivations of holomorphic (analytic) functions

Let M be a (real) smooth manifold, $p \in M$ and. The space of (linear) derivations $D:C^{\infty}(p) \to \mathbb{R}$ (ie, maps satisfying D(f+g) = D(f)+ D(g) and D(fg)=D(f)g(p) + f(p)D(g)) on the ...
1
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0answers
69 views

Poisson algebra automorphisms of a symplectic manifold

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a symplectic manifold. Let $V=\mathcal{C}^\infty(M)$ be the Lie algebra of smooth real valued functions. Suppose $f:\rightarrow V$ be an Lie-algebra isomorphism (an algebra ...
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0answers
82 views

How close (Homology-wise) can we approximate a topological manifold with a PL or smooth one?

Sorry if this question is to naive or badly phrased. I am curious about the following problem, given a manifold $M$, how "close" can we find a smooth or PL manifold, $N$, with a map $f:N\to M$. The ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Taylor expansion in Riemannian foliations

Take: $M$ a Riemannian manifold, ${X_0}\in M$, $N_{X_0}$ a submanifold of $M$ going through ${X_0}$, and $Z \in N_{X_0}$ in a neighborhood of ${X_0}$. At ${X_0} \in N_{X_0}$, we consider the ...
1
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0answers
69 views

Real algebraic surface

Let $f(u,v,z)\in \mathbb{Q}[u,v,z]$ be a polynomial in three variables such that $X_{\mathbb{R}}\subset \mathbb{R}^{3} $ (the associated surface of real solution) is smooth. Suppose that the set of ...