Smooth manifolds and smooth functions between them. For manifolds with additional structure, see more specific tags, such as [riemannian-geometry]. For more topological aspects, see [differential-topology].

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2
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1answer
543 views

Is it possible to define a structure of differentiable manifold on the Hilbert cube $[0,1]^\mathbb{N}$?

Is it possible to define a structure of differentiable (smooth) manifold on the Hilbert cube $[0,1]^\mathbb{N}$ ? Has it been done in the literature? In textbooks, only the Banach case is treated, ...
105
votes
16answers
14k views

How do I make the conceptual transition from multivariable calculus to differential forms?

One way to define the algebra of differential forms $\Omega(M)$ on a smooth manifold $M$ (as explained by John Baez's week287) is as the exterior algebra of the dual of the module of derivations on ...
20
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6answers
2k views

What are the open subsets of $\mathbb{R}^n$ that are diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$

Hello, I would like to know if there is a known necessary and sufficient property on an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that it is diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$ : For example : 1) Are all ...
11
votes
3answers
638 views

Characterizing Hessians among symmetric bilinear tensors

I apologize in advance if this is somewhat elementary, but: Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold. Is there a "characterization" of which symmetric bilinear tensors $B\in Sym^2(M)$ are ...
24
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1answer
1k views

Strong Whitney embedding theorem for non-compact manifolds

$\newcommand{\RR}{\mathbb{R}}$The present question arises from some confusion on my part regarding the precise statement of the strong Whitney embedding theorem for non-compact manifolds. The strong ...
16
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0answers
434 views

Monoid structure of oriented manifolds with connect sum

Take the class of all compact, connected, boundaryless, smooth oriented $n$-dimensional manifolds, each taken up to orientation-preserving diffeomorphism. This is a commutative monoid with operation ...
10
votes
5answers
910 views

Which manifolds admit a diffeomorphism of order $n$?

Let $n>1$. Which smooth manifolds admit a diffeomorphism $f$ of order $n$? For a closed orientable surface $S_g$ of genus $g$ and $n=2$ the answer is in the affirmative, since $S_g$ can be ...
4
votes
1answer
277 views

Totally non parallelizable manifold

Does there exist a manifold M which all iterated tangent bundles are non parallelizable manifolds? That is$ M, TM , T^2(M), \ldots ,T^n(M)\ldots$ are non parallelizable manifold? What is ...
1
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2answers
210 views

A question on involutions on the Lie algebra of vector fields

Edite According to the essential comment of Ian Agol I revise the question as follows For a smooth manifold $M$, is there a non identity involution $\theta$ on the lie algebra $\chi^{\infty}(M)$ ...
-1
votes
1answer
167 views

A closed manifold with a subset with the same ring cohomology

Is there an example of a closed manifold $M$ with a proper subset $A\subset M$ such the inclusion $i:A \to M$ gives a ring isomorphism $i^{*}$ between $\mathbb{Z}$-cohomologies? In this question ...
29
votes
15answers
9k views

What is the Implicit Function Theorem good for?

What are some applications of the Implicit Function Theorem in calculus? The only applications I can think of are: the result that the solution space of a non-degenerate system of equations ...
29
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9answers
4k views

Classification problem for non-compact manifolds

Background It is well-known that the compact two-dimensional manifolds are completely classified (by their orientability and their Euler characteristic). I'm also under the impression that there is ...
22
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6answers
3k views

Is there a preferable convention for defining the wedge product?

There are different conventions for defininig the wedge product $\wedge$. In Kobayashi-Nomizu, there is $\alpha\wedge\beta:=Alt(\alpha\otimes\beta)$, in Spivak, we find ...
30
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the classifying space of “G-bundles with connections”

Let $G$ be a (maybe Lie) group, and $M$ a space (perhaps a manifold). Then a principal $G$-bundle over $M$ is a bundle $P \to M$ on which $G$ acts (by fiber-preserving maps), so that each fiber is a ...
29
votes
3answers
2k views

When is a submanifold of $\mathbf R^n$ given by global equations?

Let $M \subset \mathbf R^n$ be a (smooth) submanifold of dimension $d$. Under which conditions does there exist global equations defining $M$? By global equations I mean : does there exist a smooth ...
23
votes
2answers
1k views

How can we detect the existence of almost-complex structures?

Any smooth $k$-manifold $M$ comes with a well-defined map $f:M\rightarrow BGL_{k}(\mathbb{R})$ (up to homotopy) classifying its tangent bundle. Since $GL_{k}(\mathbb{R})$ deformation-retracts onto ...
18
votes
4answers
3k views

What is meant by smooth orbifold?

There seems to be some confusion over what the tangent space to a singular point of an orbifold is. On the one hand there is the obvious notion that smooth structures on orbifolds lift to smooth ...
17
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4answers
2k views

Two kinds of orientability/orientation for a differentiable manifold

Let $M$ be a differentiable manifold of dimension $n$. First I give two definitions of Orientability. The first definition should coincide with what is given in most differential topology text books, ...
16
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3answers
1k views

Noncommutative smooth manifolds

Connes defined a noncommutative analog of a closed oriented Riemannian spin^c manifold using spectral triples. Using his definition it is unclear how to separate the smooth structure from the metric. ...
10
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5answers
2k views

Are there two non-homotopy equivalent spaces with equal homotopy groups?

Could someone show an example of two spaces $X$ and $Y$ which are not of the same homotopy type, but nevertheless $\pi_q(X)=\pi_q(Y)$ for every $q$? Is there an example in the CW complex or smooth ...
16
votes
5answers
1k views

Compactification theorem for differentiable manifolds ?

Just parallelling this question, that seemed not to admit an easy answer at all, let's "soft down" the category and ask the same thing in the case of $\mathcal{C}^{\infty}$-differentiable manifolds ...
17
votes
6answers
2k views

Least number of charts to describe a given manifold

Hello, I'm wondering if there is a standard reference discussing the least number of charts in an atlas of a given manifold required to describe it. E.g. a circle requires at least two charts, and ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

can you fool SnapPea?

A while back I thought I had some simple knots that "fooled" SnapPea. But I no longer remember those examples, if I ever had them to begin with. What I'm looking for is a non-hyperbolizable knot ...
11
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1answer
675 views

Does the gluing procedure in Robert Wald’s book *General Relativity* yield a Hausdorff spacetime?

Before I state my problem, let me provide some definitions pertaining to the Cauchy Problem in General Relativity. Definition 1: A triplet $ (\Sigma,h,k) $ is called an initial data set if $ ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

A metric for Grassmannians

I'm reading an article by Ricardo Mañé, Hausdorff dimension is diffeomorphism. I'm having a technical problem. Sorry for my ignorance, but I would like a reference which explains how to equip the ...
3
votes
1answer
391 views

Quantization of symplectic vector space and choice of lagrangian subspaces

My question is related to Geometric Quantization. I don't undrestand the philosophy of following assertion If $(V,\omega)$ be a symplectic vector space then the quantizations of $V$ ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the usual topology of $C^\infty_c(M) $

If $M$ is a smooth paracompact manifold, then what is the usual topology of $C^\infty_c(M) $, i.e., the smooth function with compact support?
14
votes
1answer
503 views

Derivation on real analytic manifolds

Let $M$ be a real analytic manifold. By $C^{\omega}(M)$ we mean the algebra of all analytic functions from $M$ to $\mathbb{R}$. Assume that $D$ is a derivation on $C^{\omega}(M)$ . Is there a ...
6
votes
1answer
863 views

Does a Trivial Tangent Bundle Induce a Multiplication?

Let $M$ be a connected smooth manifold, and assume that it is parallelisable; that is, its tangent bundle is trivial. Does $M$ admit an H space structure? That is, does there exist a smooth map ...
12
votes
6answers
933 views

Does every vector bundle allow a finite trivialization cover?

Suppose there is a vector bundle (smooth, with constant rank finite-dimensional fibres) over a (smooth, second-countable, Hausdorff, not necessarily connected) manifold $B$ of dimension $n$. (a) Is ...
9
votes
1answer
494 views

Is every closed embedded codimension-n submanifold cut out by a section of a rank-n vector bundle?

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold (over $\mathbb R$) and $N \hookrightarrow M$ a closed embedding. Locally near any point in $N$, I can find coordinates $x^1,\dots,x^{\dim M}$ on $M$ so that $N$ is the ...
7
votes
1answer
319 views

Intuitive Aproach to Dolbeault Cohomology [closed]

(Duplicated from math.stackexchange) I would like to understand an intuitive approach to the definitions of Dolbeault Cohomology (using $\partial$ and $\bar{\partial}$) similar to the one given here. ...
6
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2answers
327 views

Relating different topologies on $C^{\infty}_c(M)$

This is somehow connected to this question. I can think of at least four topologies to put on $C_c(M)$: Topologize $C^{\infty}_c(M)\subseteq C^{\infty}(M)$ as a subspace with the weak Whitney ...
4
votes
0answers
196 views

“Naïve”cobordism?

The naive view of (say, complex) cobordism of a space $X$ is that it should be the group generated by continuous families of closed manifolds parametrized by $X$. Acting even more naively, one may try ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

The double of a smooth manifold with boundary?

$\def\mc#1{\mathcal#1}\def\seq#1{\langle#1\rangle}\def\bbR{\mathbb R}\def\gt{>}\def\dom{{\rm dom\ }}$In some instances, I have seen an appeal to the concept of "the double" of a smooth manifold ...
3
votes
1answer
710 views

Orthogonal complements in Hilbert bundles

It's a standard fact that for a finite-dimensional vector bundle with an inner product, the othogonal complement of any subbundle is itself a locally trivial vector bundle. What is known about the ...
2
votes
0answers
102 views

Analytic version of the Cartan lemma

Assume that $\beta$ is a real analytic 2-form on an analytic manifold $M$ and $\alpha$ is an analytic non vanishing 1-form on $M$. Assume that $\beta \wedge \alpha=0$. Is there an analytic 1-form ...
2
votes
0answers
114 views

Foliation values of a manifold

Let $M$ be a smooth n dimensional manifold. The foliation values of $M$, denoted by $F(M)$, is defined as \begin{equation} F(M)=\{ 1\leq k\leq n\mid \text{there exist an smooth $k$ dimensional ...
19
votes
0answers
557 views

Do there exist exotic 4-tori?

More precisely: are there known manifolds which are homeomorphic, but not diffeomorphic to the standard 4-torus? Are there any nice invariants distinguishing such manifolds? Related: if such a ...
8
votes
2answers
424 views

Reference Request: Compact manifolds with boundary have the homotopy type of a CW-complex

Let $M$ be a compact manifold (possibly non-smooth) manifold with boundary $\partial M$. Is the inclusion $\partial M\hookrightarrow M$ homotopy equivalent to the inclusion of a subcomplex into a ...
6
votes
1answer
180 views

A lagrangian version of the Withney theorem

Let $M$ be a smooth n dimensional manifold. Is there an smooth embedding $f:M \to \mathbb{R}^{2n}$ which image is a Lagrangian submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^{2n}$?
1
vote
2answers
235 views

A cohomology associated to a 1- form

In this question all objects are real analytic.(manifolds, differential forms..) Assume that $M$ is a compact manifold and $\alpha \in \Omega^{1}(M)$ is a one form. We define a map ...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Are these two bundles, stably equivalent?

Let $(E,M,p)$ be a n dimensinal smooth vector bundle where $M$ is a k dimensional manifold. We assign to $M$, two different vector bundles $F_{1}$ and $F_{2}$ over $M$ as follows: 1)$TE$ is a ...
0
votes
0answers
81 views

A question on tangent bundle (and second tangent bundle)

Let $M$ be a $n$ dimensional manifold and $p:TM\to M$ be the projection map. Then $\ker Dp$ is a $n$ dimensional vector bundle on $TM$, as a sub bundle of $TT(M)$. For what type of manifolds, ...