Smooth manifolds and smooth functions between them. For manifolds with additional structure, see more specific tags, such as [riemannian-geometry]. For more topological aspects, see [differential-topology].

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3
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1answer
609 views

Is it possible to define a structure of differentiable manifold on the Hilbert cube $[0,1]^\mathbb{N}$?

Is it possible to define a structure of differentiable (smooth) manifold on the Hilbert cube $[0,1]^\mathbb{N}$ ? Has it been done in the literature? In textbooks, only the Banach case is treated, ...
119
votes
16answers
17k views

How do I make the conceptual transition from multivariable calculus to differential forms?

One way to define the algebra of differential forms $\Omega(M)$ on a smooth manifold $M$ (as explained by John Baez's week287) is as the exterior algebra of the dual of the module of derivations on ...
32
votes
7answers
3k views

What are the open subsets of $\mathbb{R}^n$ that are diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$

Hello, I would like to know if there is a known necessary and sufficient property on an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that it is diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$ : For example : 1) Are all ...
17
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3answers
2k views

Noncommutative smooth manifolds

Connes defined a noncommutative analog of a closed oriented Riemannian spin^c manifold using spectral triples. Using his definition it is unclear how to separate the smooth structure from the metric. ...
12
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3answers
845 views

Characterizing Hessians among symmetric bilinear tensors

I apologize in advance if this is somewhat elementary, but: Let $(M,g)$ be a compact Riemannian manifold. Is there a "characterization" of which symmetric bilinear tensors $B\in Sym^2(M)$ are ...
26
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1answer
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Strong Whitney embedding theorem for non-compact manifolds

$\newcommand{\RR}{\mathbb{R}}$The present question arises from some confusion on my part regarding the precise statement of the strong Whitney embedding theorem for non-compact manifolds. The strong ...
16
votes
0answers
484 views

Monoid structure of oriented manifolds with connect sum

Take the class of all compact, connected, boundaryless, smooth oriented $n$-dimensional manifolds, each taken up to orientation-preserving diffeomorphism. This is a commutative monoid with operation ...
14
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5answers
2k views

can you fool SnapPea?

A while back I thought I had some simple knots that "fooled" SnapPea. But I no longer remember those examples, if I ever had them to begin with. What I'm looking for is a non-hyperbolizable knot ...
11
votes
5answers
990 views

Which manifolds admit a diffeomorphism of order $n$?

Let $n>1$. Which smooth manifolds admit a diffeomorphism $f$ of order $n$? For a closed orientable surface $S_g$ of genus $g$ and $n=2$ the answer is in the affirmative, since $S_g$ can be ...
9
votes
2answers
643 views

Reference Request: Compact manifolds with boundary have the homotopy type of a CW-complex

Let $M$ be a compact manifold (possibly non-smooth) manifold with boundary $\partial M$. Is the inclusion $\partial M\hookrightarrow M$ homotopy equivalent to the inclusion of a subcomplex into a ...
8
votes
1answer
264 views

is there a diffeomorphism with only finite orbits but of infinite order?

I asked this in stackexchange, but got no answer, so I am trying here. Is it possible for a diffeomorphism $\phi$ (of a smooth manifold $M$) to have the following properties: All its orbits are ...
4
votes
1answer
299 views

Totally non parallelizable manifold

Does there exist a manifold M which all iterated tangent bundles are non parallelizable manifolds? That is$ M, TM , T^2(M), \ldots ,T^n(M)\ldots$ are non parallelizable manifold? What is ...
1
vote
2answers
224 views

A question on involutions on the Lie algebra of vector fields

Edite According to the essential comment of Ian Agol I revise the question as follows For a smooth manifold $M$, is there a non identity involution $\theta$ on the lie algebra $\chi^{\infty}(M)$ ...
-1
votes
1answer
176 views

A closed manifold with a subset with the same ring cohomology

Is there an example of a closed manifold $M$ with a proper subset $A\subset M$ such the inclusion $i:A \to M$ gives a ring isomorphism $i^{*}$ between $\mathbb{Z}$-cohomologies? In this question ...
60
votes
4answers
3k views

Parallelizability of the Milnor's exotic spheres in dimension 7

Are the Milnor's seven dimensional exotic spheres parallelizable?
31
votes
15answers
10k views

What is the Implicit Function Theorem good for?

What are some applications of the Implicit Function Theorem in calculus? The only applications I can think of are: the result that the solution space of a non-degenerate system of equations ...
32
votes
9answers
4k views

Classification problem for non-compact manifolds

Background It is well-known that the compact two-dimensional manifolds are completely classified (by their orientability and their Euler characteristic). I'm also under the impression that there is ...
26
votes
6answers
4k views

Is there a preferable convention for defining the wedge product?

There are different conventions for defininig the wedge product $\wedge$. In Kobayashi-Nomizu, there is $\alpha\wedge\beta:=Alt(\alpha\otimes\beta)$, in Spivak, we find ...
32
votes
3answers
2k views

When is a submanifold of $\mathbf R^n$ given by global equations?

Let $M \subset \mathbf R^n$ be a (smooth) submanifold of dimension $d$. Under which conditions does there exist global equations defining $M$? By global equations I mean : does there exist a smooth ...
25
votes
2answers
2k views

How can we detect the existence of almost-complex structures?

Any smooth $k$-manifold $M$ comes with a well-defined map $f:M\rightarrow BGL_{k}(\mathbb{R})$ (up to homotopy) classifying its tangent bundle. Since $GL_{k}(\mathbb{R})$ deformation-retracts onto ...
31
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the classifying space of “G-bundles with connections”

Let $G$ be a (maybe Lie) group, and $M$ a space (perhaps a manifold). Then a principal $G$-bundle over $M$ is a bundle $P \to M$ on which $G$ acts (by fiber-preserving maps), so that each fiber is a ...
23
votes
4answers
2k views

Two kinds of orientability/orientation for a differentiable manifold

Let $M$ be a differentiable manifold of dimension $n$. First I give two definitions of Orientability. The first definition should coincide with what is given in most differential topology text books, ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

When do fibre products of smooth manifolds exist?

Harold asks what conditions on $f:M\to L$ and $g:N\to L$, both smooth maps of smooth manifolds, ensures the existence of the fibre product $M \times_L N$.
22
votes
4answers
3k views

What is meant by smooth orbifold?

There seems to be some confusion over what the tangent space to a singular point of an orbifold is. On the one hand there is the obvious notion that smooth structures on orbifolds lift to smooth ...
17
votes
7answers
3k views

Are there two non-homotopy equivalent spaces with equal homotopy groups?

Could someone show an example of two spaces $X$ and $Y$ which are not of the same homotopy type, but nevertheless $\pi_q(X)=\pi_q(Y)$ for every $q$? Is there an example in the CW complex or smooth ...
24
votes
2answers
3k views

Exotic differentiable structures on R^4?

This was going to be a comment to Differentiable structures on R^3, but I thought it would be better asked as a separate question. So, it's mentioned in the previous question that $\mathbb{R}^4$ has ...
27
votes
3answers
1k views

Is it possible to improve the Whitney embedding theorem?

Edited to fix the example, as per Zack's suggestion. Edit 2: So it turns out that when I think 'manifold' I tend to assume the nicest possible object. As I believe is standard, I would like to ...
16
votes
5answers
1k views

Compactification theorem for differentiable manifolds ?

Just parallelling this question, that seemed not to admit an easy answer at all, let's "soft down" the category and ask the same thing in the case of $\mathcal{C}^{\infty}$-differentiable manifolds ...
17
votes
6answers
2k views

Least number of charts to describe a given manifold

Hello, I'm wondering if there is a standard reference discussing the least number of charts in an atlas of a given manifold required to describe it. E.g. a circle requires at least two charts, and ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Slice knots and exotic $\mathbb R^4$

In the http://arxiv.org/abs/math/0606464v1 I read "If you want to prove existence of exotic smooth structure on $\mathbb R^4$ you can do this if you are in possession of a knot which is ...
13
votes
1answer
593 views

Pullbacks as manifolds versus ones as topological spaces

My question is: Does the forgetful functor F:(Mfd) $\to$ (Top) preserve pullbacks? Detailed explanation is following. A pullback is defined as a manifold/topological space satisfying a universal ...
11
votes
1answer
730 views

Does the gluing procedure in Robert Wald’s book *General Relativity* yield a Hausdorff spacetime?

Before I state my problem, let me provide some definitions pertaining to the Cauchy Problem in General Relativity. Definition 1: A triplet $ (\Sigma,h,k) $ is called an initial data set if $ ...
6
votes
2answers
428 views

Relating different topologies on $C^{\infty}_c(M)$

This is somehow connected to this question. I can think of at least four topologies to put on $C_c(M)$: Topologize $C^{\infty}_c(M)\subseteq C^{\infty}(M)$ as a subspace with the weak Whitney ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

A metric for Grassmannians

I'm reading an article by Ricardo Mañé, Hausdorff dimension is diffeomorphism. I'm having a technical problem. Sorry for my ignorance, but I would like a reference which explains how to equip the ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the usual topology of $C^\infty_c(M) $

If $M$ is a smooth paracompact manifold, then what is the usual topology of $C^\infty_c(M) $, i.e., the smooth function with compact support?
15
votes
1answer
589 views

Derivation on real analytic manifolds

Let $M$ be a real analytic manifold. By $C^{\omega}(M)$ we mean the algebra of all analytic functions from $M$ to $\mathbb{R}$. Assume that $D$ is a derivation on $C^{\omega}(M)$ . Is there a ...
7
votes
1answer
418 views

Intuitive Aproach to Dolbeault Cohomology [closed]

(Duplicated from math.stackexchange) I would like to understand an intuitive approach to the definitions of Dolbeault Cohomology (using $\partial$ and $\bar{\partial}$) similar to the one given here. ...
6
votes
1answer
888 views

Does a Trivial Tangent Bundle Induce a Multiplication?

Let $M$ be a connected smooth manifold, and assume that it is parallelisable; that is, its tangent bundle is trivial. Does $M$ admit an H space structure? That is, does there exist a smooth map ...
3
votes
1answer
427 views

Quantization of symplectic vector space and choice of lagrangian subspaces

My question is related to Geometric Quantization. I don't undrestand the philosophy of following assertion If $(V,\omega)$ be a symplectic vector space then the quantizations of $V$ ...
14
votes
1answer
744 views

Is it possible for a metric on a smooth manifold to be smooth?

Are there any smooth manifolds $M$ with the following property: There exist a realizing metric $d$ (i.e $d$ induces the topology on $M$), and $d$ is smooth on all of $M \times M$? If not, is it ...
13
votes
6answers
1k views

Does every vector bundle allow a finite trivialization cover?

Suppose there is a vector bundle (smooth, with constant rank finite-dimensional fibres) over a (smooth, second-countable, Hausdorff, not necessarily connected) manifold $B$ of dimension $n$. (a) Is ...
10
votes
2answers
430 views

The boundary of a domain whose interior is diffeomorphic to the ball

We know that there are compact manifolds with diffeomorphic interiors but their boundaries are not homeomorphic (see the question Manifolds with homeomorphic interiors). My question is about a very ...
10
votes
1answer
518 views

Is every closed embedded codimension-n submanifold cut out by a section of a rank-n vector bundle?

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold (over $\mathbb R$) and $N \hookrightarrow M$ a closed embedding. Locally near any point in $N$, I can find coordinates $x^1,\dots,x^{\dim M}$ on $M$ so that $N$ is the ...
7
votes
0answers
260 views

Question about theorem in Arnold's book on action-angles variables

I have a question about the action-angle theorem on p. 283 in Arnold's textbook on classical mechanics.(I added the link to this book in the last part of this question) If you don't have the book or ...
4
votes
0answers
214 views

“Naïve”cobordism?

The naive view of (say, complex) cobordism of a space $X$ is that it should be the group generated by continuous families of closed manifolds parametrized by $X$. Acting even more naively, one may try ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

The double of a smooth manifold with boundary?

$\def\mc#1{\mathcal#1}\def\seq#1{\langle#1\rangle}\def\bbR{\mathbb R}\def\gt{>}\def\dom{{\rm dom\ }}$In some instances, I have seen an appeal to the concept of "the double" of a smooth manifold ...
6
votes
1answer
384 views

Is there a Nash-type theorem for symplectic manifolds?

If $(M, \omega)$ is a symplectic manifold, is it possible to embed (or injectively immerse) it symplectically into a sufficiently large $(\Bbb R ^{2N}, \Omega)$, (with the usual symplectic structure)? ...
6
votes
1answer
160 views

Hodge de Rham operator and orientability

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. One can consider the exterior algebra bundle $\Lambda(T^*M)$. The sections of this bundle are differential forms, to be noted by $\Omega^k(M)$. One can consider ...
4
votes
2answers
306 views

Natural operators in differential geometry - why are they natural?

I'm reading bits and pieces of Kolar, Michor, & Slovak's Natural Operations in differential Geometry, and I'm having "doubt" about some of the definitions. All I'm trying to do is sheafify some of ...
3
votes
1answer
745 views

Orthogonal complements in Hilbert bundles

It's a standard fact that for a finite-dimensional vector bundle with an inner product, the othogonal complement of any subbundle is itself a locally trivial vector bundle. What is known about the ...