**23**

votes

**8**answers

3k views

### Why should I prefer bundles to (surjective) submersions?

I hope this question isn't too open-ended for MO --- it's not my favorite type of question, but I do think there could be a good answer. I will happily CW the question if commenters want, but I also ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

939 views

### What should I cite for the Poincaré conjecture?

I'm writing a paper that, rather unexpectedly, needs the Poincaré conjecture for one of the results. (The paper has almost nothing to do with differential geometry!)
The conjecture was famously ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Poincaré–Bendixson theorem on the torus

I was reading the paper A Generalization of a Poincaré-Bendixson Theorem to Closed Two-Dimensional Manifolds by Arthur J. Schwartz which proves the following theorem:
THEOREM. Let $M$ be a ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Lie subalgebras of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$ of codimension $n=dim M$

For a connected $n$ manifold $M$, the Lie algebra of all smooth vector fields is denoted by $\chi^{\infty}(M)$. For a pointe $p\in M$ we define $L_{p}=\{X\in \chi^{\infty}(M)\mid X(p)=0\} $....

**6**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### The minimum codimension of Lie subalgebra of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$

Assume that $M$ is an arbitrary manifold.
Is there a Lie subalgebra of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$, the space of smooth vector fields on $M$, whose codimension is equal to one?
If not, what is a counter ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Short and elegant definition of the $C^1$ topology

A friend told me that the $\mathbf{C^1}$-topology on the set $C^\infty(M,N)$ of smooth functions between two smooth manifolds $M$ and $N$ can be defined as the coarsest topology making the map
$$
C^\...

**15**

votes

**5**answers

665 views

### Smoothness of the closest point on a submanifold

Let $(M,g)$ be a smooth Riemannian manifold, and let $S \subseteq M$ be a compact submanifold.
Assume that for each $p \in M$, there exist a unique closest point on $S$, i.e a unique point $\tilde s(...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Manifolds and CW-complexes

Let us consider a category $C$ formed by topological spaces and continuous functions (or by smooth manifolds and smooth functions). We consider the morphism category $C_{2}$. An object of $C_{2}$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Thom form of holomorphic bundle over Kaehler manifolds/orbifolds

Consider a holomorphic vector bundle $\pi:E\rightarrow X$ of complex rank $m$ over a Kaehler manifold $X$. Can we find a Thom form $\Theta$ of $E$ such that as a form on the complex manifold $E$, it ...

**21**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Periodic Orbit property

A topological space $X$ satisfies "Periodic orbit property", briefly POP, if for every continuous map
$f:X \to X$, there exist a natural number $n$ and a point $x_{0}\in X$ such that $f^{n}(x_{0})...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

150 views

### Infinite dimensional version of a simple fact on certain singular matrices

We consider the following simple fact about matrices. Then we try to generalize it in the context of smooth manifolds;
Let $L$ be the collection of all $n \times n$ real matrices $A=(a_{ij})$ with ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Decay of the Fourier transform of a surface area measure

Let $\mu$ be a surface area measure of a manifold $M\hookrightarrow\mathbb{R}^{n+1}$. If $M$ is the unit sphere $S^n$, it's known that surprisingly the Fourier transform of $\mu$ decays: $$|\hat\mu(\...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

146 views

### Differential structures on compact Lie groups

Given a compact Lie group can there be a differential structure on it with respect to which one cannot define a smooth group operation?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

163 views

### How far can one reconstruct the boundary of a manifold M given its interior $int M$? [duplicate]

Suppose I keep in my pocket a manifold with boundary $M$ , and I provide you access to $int M := M \setminus \partial M$ up to homeomorphism/diffeomorphism. What can you deduce about $\partial M$? can ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

426 views

### Space of derivations of holomorphic (analytic) functions

Let $M$ be a (real) smooth manifold, and $p \in M$.
The space of (linear) derivations $D:C^{\infty}(p) \to \mathbb{R}$ (i.e., maps satisfying $D(f+g) = D(f)+ D(g)$ and $D(fg)=D(f)g(p) + f(p)D(g)$) ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

339 views

### Are homology spheres stably trivial?

A homology sphere is a closed smooth $n$-dimensional manifold with the same homology groups as $S^n$. Igor Belegradek's answer to a previous question of mine shows that the smoothness hypothesis is ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

212 views

### On Johansson's Theorem on homotopy equivalences of 3-manifolds

Johansson's theorem states the following:
Given $f:M_1\rightarrow M_2$ (not a pair map) an homotopy equivalence between 3-manifolds with incompressible boundary.
Let $V_i$ be the components of the ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

226 views

### Reference request: $\mathcal{C}^\infty_c(M)$ is a topological vector space with the Whitney topology

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold and let $\mathcal{C}^\infty(M)$ be the space of all smooth real valued functions with the (strong) Whitney topology. This space is a topological vector space iff $M$ is ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Questions on J. F. Nash's answer about his errors in the proof of embedding theorem

In the interview of John Nash taken by Christian Skau and Martin Gaussen, in EMS Newsletter, September, 2015 when asked
Is it true, as rumours have it, that
you started to work on the embedding ...

**39**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### What are the open subsets of $\mathbb{R}^n$ that are diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$

Hello,
I would like to know if there is a known necessary and sufficient
property on an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that it is diffeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$ :
For example :
1) Are all ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Relationship between Gaussian and bisectional curvature

Let $f:\mathbb CP^1\to X$ be an smooth embedding which its image is the curve $C$ where $X$ is a Kähler manifold. Do we have that $$\sup_{\mathbb CP^1}K(f^*\omega)<\sup_C K(\omega),$$where $K(f^*\...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### homeomorphism type of punctured real projective spaces

Let $\mathbb{R}P^m$ be the $m$-dimensional real projective space and let $\mathbb{R}P^m\setminus\{*\}$ be the punctured space. I observe:
$\mathbb{R}P^2\setminus\{*\}$ is homeomorphic to a (open) ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### If $X$ is a compact smooth Riemannian manifold, why don't we integrate on a fundamental domain in the universal cover? [closed]

Let $X$ be a compact connected Riemannian manifold. The metric gives a local volume form. The universal cover is orientable, and has a precompact subspace locally isometric (with the covering metric) ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### Hessian as a tensor, multi-dimensional taylor series, and generalizations

The Hessian matrix $\{\partial_i \partial_j f \}$ of a function $f:\mathbb{R}^n \to \mathbb{R}$ depends on the coordinate system you choose. If $x_1,\cdots,x_n$ and $y_1,\cdots,y_n$ are two sets of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Is there a smooth polar decomposition for non-invertible matrices?

Every $n \times n$ real matrix $A$ has a polar decomposition $A=OP$, where $O \in O_n, P$ is symmetric positive semi-definite.
$P$ is uniquely determined by $A$, by $P(A)=\sqrt{A^TA}$,
and when $A$ ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

185 views

### Triangulation with simplices of same volume

Let $M$ be a Riemannian smooth compact manifold.
It is known that $M$ has a triangulation, for any dimension. But do we know if there exists a triangulation such that all simplices have same volume ?
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

74 views

### smoothing locally-finite (Borel-Moore chains)

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold. As is recorded in (for example) Lee's book, de Rham proved that one can calculated singular homology, $H_*(M)$ using smooth simplices. Does the result extend to Borel-...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Non-diffeomorphic smooth structures on the quotient of a manifold by an integrable distribution

In geometric quantization, one of the important ingredients is an integrable distribution $D$ (let's say real) on some manifold $M$ (symplectic, but this is not important). The resulting object is $M/...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

555 views

### Is there a smooth manifold which admits only rigid metrics?

Does there exist a (finite dimensional) smooth manifold $M$, such that every Riemannian metric on $M$ has no isometries except the identity?
Of course, such a manifold must not admit a diffeomorphism ...

**33**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### Is there a preferable convention for defining the wedge product?

There are different conventions for defininig the wedge product $\wedge$.
In Kobayashi-Nomizu, there is $\alpha\wedge\beta:=Alt(\alpha\otimes\beta)$,
in Spivak, we find $\alpha\wedge\beta:=\frac{k!l!}...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Homotopy type of diffeomorphism which are the identity on and near the boundary

Let $M$ be a compact manifold with boundary. Denote by $Diff(M), Diff_\partial(M)$ and $Diff_{U\partial}(M)$ the groups of diffeomorphisms of $M$ and the subgroups of the ones that are the identity on ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Constructing a “nice” cobordism

Denote by $\Sigma_g$ the closed, orientable surface of genus $g$. I want to construct a cobordism $M_g$ between $\Sigma_g$ and $\Sigma_{g+1}$ with the following two nice properties:
1) $M_g$ is an ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Is there a degree one map from a product $B\times S^1 \to \#_n S^2 \times S^1$ for any n

For any $n \geq 1$, let $\Sigma_n$ denote the closed orientable surface of genus n. In http://arxiv.org/abs/1202.6302, the authors showed that for any $n$, there is a degree two, $\pi_1$-surjective, ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

181 views

### Does $\#_n S^2×S^1$ really admit a map of non-zero degree from $B×S^1$?

In Proposition 4 on page 6 of this paper, http://arxiv.org/abs/1202.6302, the authors claim to produce a degree 2 $\pi_1$-surjective map $f$ between $M=S^1 \times \Sigma_2$ and $N=\#_2 S^2 \times S^1$ ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

293 views

### Are there non-smoothable homotopy/homology spheres?

A homotopy sphere is a topological $n$-manifold $M$ which is homotopy equivalent to $S^n$.
A homology sphere is a topological $n$-manifold $M$ such that $H_i(M) \cong H_i(S^n)$ for all $i$.
Note, by ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

110 views

### Harmonic function with injective boundary conditions is an immersion?

Let $(M,g)$ be an $n$-dimensional, connected, compact Riemannian manifold with boundary. Assume we are given an immersion $f:M \to \mathbb{R}^n$. (i.e $df$ is invertible at every point $p \in M$, note ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

50 views

### Transverse intersection in the $G$-orbit of paths

I know how to prove the following lemma but I assume that it is well-known. Can someone provide a reference for it?
Let $d>1$ and let $M$ be a $d$-dimensional connected smooth manifold with a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### A problem of defining addition in a Quotient space

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be the space of all parametric curves $x:[0,1]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$. Let the set of all re-parameterizations of curves is $\Gamma = \{\gamma : [0, 1] \rightarrow [0, 1]| \gamma (...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### $H(M)$ necessarily highly non-integrable, i.e. forms contact structure?

Let$$M^{2n - 1} = \{z \in \textbf{C}^n : \textbf{h}(\textbf{z}, \textbf{z}) \equiv \textbf{z} \cdot \overline{\textbf{z}} = \textbf{1}\}$$be the unit sphere in $\textbf{C}^n$. Consider the real-...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Locally nilpotent algebraic section of tangent bundle is complete?

Suppose $X$ is a smooth affine algebraic variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $V$ be an algebraic vector field (i.e. an algebraic section of the tangent bundle). If $V$ is locally nilpotent, meaning that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Existence of non-negative extensions of smooth functions on axes

I am struggling to solve an extension problem of smooth functions, and I would like someone to help me.
The setting is as follows:
Let $X_1$, $X_2$, and $T$ be either the real lines $\mathbb R$ or ...

**30**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### How can you tell if a space is homotopy equivalent to a manifold?

Is there some criterion for whether a space has the homotopy type of a closed manifold (smooth or topological)? Poincare duality is an obvious necessary condition, but it's almost certainly not ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

255 views

### Can any smooth triangulation of a smooth manifold be blurred?

For the purposes of this question, let's say that a blurring
of a smooth triangulation $T$ of a smooth manifold $X$
is a smooth homotopy $h\colon [0,1] \times X \to X$ such that $h_0=\operatorname{id}...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

275 views

### Unique symplectic form in an adapted complex structure

I have the following question: Due to Stenzel, Lempert, Szöke etc. we know that a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ admits a complex structure on a neighbourhood of the zero section of the cotangent bundle. ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

287 views

### A symmetric embedding of manifolds

Assume that $M$ is a manifold.
Is there an embedding of $M$ in some $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ such that the image of $M$ in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ is invariant under each reflection $(x_{1},x_{2},\ldots x_{i},\...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### Variation of normals along loops

I've constructed a quotient space $M/\sim$ in $\mathbb{R}^d$ that must be a $2$-manifold. If $M/ \sim$ is a sphere then I know that its normal spaces must vary at least 90 degrees. That is $M / \sim$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

82 views

### Tightening a loop

Consider two $d$-dimensional convex polytopes $c_1, c_2$ that share a $(d-1)$-dimensional face $f$. Let $M$ be a surface ($2$-manifold) that intersects each of $c_1$ and $c_2$ in a $2$-ball. Suppose ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

254 views

### Whitehead products and Framed Manifolds

The attaching map for the top cell of the torus $S^n \times S^n$ is a map
$$
[x,y]: S^{2n-1} \to S^n \vee S^n
$$
where the notation is such that
$x,y : S^n \to S^n \vee S^n$ are the two inclusions–––...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### full set of invariant functions on manifold

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold and $G$ a Lie group acting properly on $M$. Let $k$ be the codimension of a maximal dimensional $G$-orbit in $M$.
Is it always possible to construct $k$ functions $f_1, \...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

508 views

### Do smooth manifolds admit linear atlases? [duplicate]

There is a theorem of Whitney showing that a smooth manifold can be endowed with a compatible real-analytic atlas (later, it was proven that this analytic structure is essentially unique).
I am ...