Smooth manifolds and smooth functions between them. For manifolds with additional structure, see more specific tags, such as [riemannian-geometry]. For more topological aspects, see [differential-topology].

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37 views

Is the restriction map for embeddings of manifolds with boundary a fibration?

Let $M$ and $W$ be smooth manifolds (possibly with boundary) and $V\subseteq W$ a submanifold. We have a map between embedding spaces $$Emb(W,M)\rightarrow Emb(V,M)$$ given by restriction. Richard ...
3
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1answer
112 views
+50

Polygons with centroid at origin and vertices on compact codimension one submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^{n}-\{0\}$

Let $M$ be a compact codimension one submanifold of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ which does not contaion $0$ and the origin lies in the bounded component of$\mathbb{R}^{n}-\{0\}$. Is it true to say that: ...
7
votes
1answer
105 views

Admissibility in Heegaard Floer, especially with torsion Spin^c structures

I'm confused about the relationship between strong admissibility and weak admissibility for pointed diagrams in Heegaard Floer theory. For reference, here are Ozsváth-Szàbo's original definitions: ...
6
votes
1answer
194 views

Hodge de Rham operator and orientability

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. One can consider the exterior algebra bundle $\Lambda(T^*M)$. The sections of this bundle are differential forms, to be noted by $\Omega^k(M)$. One can consider ...
-3
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0answers
87 views

Differential geometry [on hold]

If we have integrable distribution D of rank k on a manifold, and we have k functions which are zero homogeneous and constant on the leaves (basic functions). Can we glue together these functions to ...
22
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1answer
1k views

Periodic Orbit property

A topological space $X$ satisfies "Periodic orbit property", briefly POP, if for every continuous map $f:X \to X$, there exist a natural number $n$ and a point $x_{0}\in X$ such that ...
4
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1answer
95 views

Glueing together functions defined on the leaves of a foliation

Even though my question can be asked for very general types of foliations, I am interesetd only in its answer for Poisson manifolds, which are what I am currently studying. Consider a Poisson ...
25
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2answers
2k views

How can we detect the existence of almost-complex structures?

Any smooth $k$-manifold $M$ comes with a well-defined map $f:M\rightarrow BGL_{k}(\mathbb{R})$ (up to homotopy) classifying its tangent bundle. Since $GL_{k}(\mathbb{R})$ deformation-retracts onto ...
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1answer
65 views

Nash-type theorems for Poisson manifolds

My question comes as a natural follow-up of the previous one which concerned symplectic manifolds: if $(M, P)$ is a Poisson manifold, what embedding theorems are there into some target space (I am ...
1
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1answer
84 views

Existence of non-negative extensions of smooth functions on axes

I am struggling to solve an extension problem of smooth functions, and I would like someone to help me. The setting is as follows: Let $X_1$, $X_2$, and $T$ be either the real lines $\mathbb R$ or ...
6
votes
1answer
385 views

Is there a Nash-type theorem for symplectic manifolds?

If $(M, \omega)$ is a symplectic manifold, is it possible to embed (or injectively immerse) it symplectically into a sufficiently large $(\Bbb R ^{2N}, \Omega)$, (with the usual symplectic structure)? ...
7
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1answer
229 views

Recovering a smooth manifold from its tensor fields

1) Consider the algebra $\mathcal T (M) = \bigoplus \limits _{p, q \ge 0} \mathcal T ^{p, q} (M)$, where $\mathcal T ^{p, q} (M)$ is the space of tensor fields of type $(p,q)$. I should endow it with ...
23
votes
4answers
2k views

Two kinds of orientability/orientation for a differentiable manifold

Let $M$ be a differentiable manifold of dimension $n$. First I give two definitions of Orientability. The first definition should coincide with what is given in most differential topology text books, ...
1
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1answer
45 views

material derivative and relation to Riemannian metric

For each $n$ let $N_t$ be an embedded smooth hypersurface in $\mathbb{R}^n$ of dimension $n-1$. $\{N_t\}_t$ is a family of hypersurface that is evolving with some velocity $V$. Smooth functions on ...
6
votes
1answer
109 views

Rational cohomology of the Rosenfeld projective planes

The bioctonionic plane $(\mathbb{C} \otimes \mathbb{O})\mathbb{P}^2$, the quarteroctonionic plane $(\mathbb{H} \otimes \mathbb{O})\mathbb{P}^2$ and the octooctonionic plane $(\mathbb{O} \otimes ...
4
votes
1answer
119 views

subset of hermitian matrices given by eigenvalues form a submanifold

Let $\mathcal{O}_\lambda$ be the set of hermitian $n+1 \times n+1$ matrices with Eigenvalues $\lambda = (\lambda_1, \dots, \lambda_{n+1})$. and $\mathcal{O}^\mu$ the set of hermitian $n \times n$ ...
1
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1answer
215 views

Soliton equation and non-killing potential vector field

I am searching for a non-Killing vector field $\zeta \in\frak X\rm (M)$ where $(M,g)$ is a Riemannian manifold such that $$\frac12 \frak L_\zeta \rm g+Ric=\lambda g$$ $$ \frak L_\zeta \rm Ric=\lambda ...
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0answers
41 views

Smoothness of the twistor space of a lorentzian manifold, or “convexity wrt null geodesics”

Null lines in Minkowski space form a 5-dimensional manifold, represented as a (real) quadric $\mathbf{PN}\subset\mathbb{C}\mathbf{P}^3$. This is a well-known fact, on which R. Penrose’s twistor ...
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0answers
136 views

First Chern class of the tautological line bundle over $\mathbb{CP}^n$

I'm trying to understand the following example in which the first Chern class of the tautological line bundle $L^{taut} \to \mathbb{CP}^n$ will be calculated and then it is shown that these bundles ...
22
votes
1answer
282 views

Finite limits in the category of smooth manifolds?

The category of smooth manifolds does not have all finite limits. However, it does have some limits: it has finite products, it has splittings of idempotents, and it has certain other limits if we ...
7
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1answer
286 views

A property stronger than the fixed point property

Assume that $X$ is a topological space. We say that $X$ satisfies the strong fixed point property if the graph of every surjective continuous self-map intersect the graph of every continuous ...
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0answers
51 views

What is $(L^2(M), H^1_0(M))_{\frac 12}$ on a smooth manifold with boundary?

Let $M$ be a smooth compact manifold. If $M$ is closed, we have that the interpolation space $$(L^2(M), H^1(M))_{\frac 12}=H^{\frac 12}(M)$$ (see Taylor's book on PDE for example). Suppose $M$ has a ...
3
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0answers
98 views

Constructing a “nice” cobordism

Denote by $\Sigma_g$ the closed, orientable surface of genus $g$. I want to construct a cobordism $M_g$ between $\Sigma_g$ and $\Sigma_{g+1}$ with the following two nice properties: 1) $M_g$ is an ...
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1answer
87 views

A weak fixed point property

The usual fixed point property can be interpreted in terms of non empty intersection of the graph of all maps with the graph of the identity map. This motivates us to consider the following "weak ...
7
votes
2answers
194 views

Does $\mathfrak{N}_4$ contain at least four distinct elements?

How do I see that the set $\mathfrak{N}_4$ consisting of all unoriented cobordism classes of smooth closed $4$-manifolds contains at least four distinct elements?
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7answers
3k views

Are there two non-homotopy equivalent spaces with equal homotopy groups?

Could someone show an example of two spaces $X$ and $Y$ which are not of the same homotopy type, but nevertheless $\pi_q(X)=\pi_q(Y)$ for every $q$? Is there an example in the CW complex or smooth ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

$E \times_H \mathbb{R}^n$ is isomorphic to the total space of the tautological bundle $\gamma^n$ over $G_n(\mathbb{R}^{n+k})$?

Let $H$ be the subgroup of $\text{GL}(n + k, \mathbb{R})$ consisting of matrices whose lower $n \times k$ block is empty; i.e. consisting of matrices of the form$$\begin{pmatrix} A & * \\ 0 & ...
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votes
0answers
85 views

Unit sphere of a norm is a submanifold implies the norm is smooth?

Let us call a norm on $\mathbb{R}^n$ smooth if its restriction $\| \cdot \|:\mathbb{R}^n\setminus \{ 0 \} \to \mathbb{R}$ is a smooth map. Suppose the unit sphere of a norm $\| \cdot \|$ is an ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Real algebraic surface

Let $f(u,v,z)\in \mathbb{Q}[u,v,z]$ be a polynomial in three variables such that $X_{\mathbb{R}}\subset \mathbb{R}^{3} $ (the associated surface of real solution) is smooth. Suppose that the set of ...
15
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1answer
772 views

The cone on a manifold

I believe that I have run across the statement that if $X$ is a compact smooth manifold and $CX$ is the cone on $X$, i.e. $[0,1] \times X$ modulo $(0,x)\sim(0,y)$ for all $x,y \in X$, then $CX$ admits ...
4
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0answers
90 views

Higher tangent bundles of manifolds with non integer dimension

One way to define the tangent space of a manifold at a point $p\in M$ is the following: We define an equivalent relation on the space of curves passing $p$ as follows: Two curves $\alpha, \beta$ are ...
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1answer
159 views

Ricci flow on Kähler manifold

Knowing the Ricci flow on Riemann surfaces, see e.g. Ricci flow on Riemann surfaces How could we write the Ricci flow on Kähler manifold? Thanks for the reply!
7
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2answers
260 views

Spectrum of Ring of Smooth Functions on $\mathbb{R}^n$

When we define smooth manifold, we starting with topological space $M$ which localy homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$ and setting up sheaf $\mathscr{F}(M)$ of functions on it which localy isomorphic to ...
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1answer
173 views

Smooth manifolds as idempotent splitting completion

The nlab has a particularly interesting thing to say about the category of smooth manifolds: it is the idempotent-splitting completion of the category of open sets of Euclidean spaces and smooth maps. ...
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1answer
138 views

Schauder estimate for the heat equation on compact manifolds

I asked this question on math.stackexchange.com, however I didn't get any answers so I'll try it here. Let $M$ be a compact manifold without boundary. Consider $Lu:=\partial_tu-\Delta u$. Let $f\in ...
22
votes
4answers
3k views

What is meant by smooth orbifold?

There seems to be some confusion over what the tangent space to a singular point of an orbifold is. On the one hand there is the obvious notion that smooth structures on orbifolds lift to smooth ...
4
votes
2answers
309 views

Natural operators in differential geometry - why are they natural?

I'm reading bits and pieces of Kolar, Michor, & Slovak's Natural Operations in differential Geometry, and I'm having "doubt" about some of the definitions. All I'm trying to do is sheafify some of ...
32
votes
3answers
2k views

When is a submanifold of $\mathbf R^n$ given by global equations?

Let $M \subset \mathbf R^n$ be a (smooth) submanifold of dimension $d$. Under which conditions does there exist global equations defining $M$? By global equations I mean : does there exist a smooth ...
3
votes
1answer
168 views

Exterior derivative as only (up to multiple) natural operator $\Lambda ^kT^\ast \rightsquigarrow \Lambda ^{k+1}T^\ast$

In Kolar, Michor, & Slovak's book Natural Operations in Differential Geometry, it is proved the exterior derivative is universal in the following sense. Proposition 25.4. For $k>0$ all natural ...
5
votes
2answers
208 views

global section of affine $C^\infty$-scheme

I'm reading Algebraic Geometry over $C^\infty$-rings. It is written that "If $\mathfrak{C}$ is not finitely generated then $\Phi_{\mathfrak{C}}:\mathfrak{C}\rightarrow ...
4
votes
1answer
176 views

Differential Operators On A Curve And On Osculating Circle

Given a 1D Riemannian manifold $\Gamma$ embedded in 2D Euclidean space (e.g. a parametric curve on a plane $\mathbb{R}^{2}$ ), and point $x_{0}\in \Gamma$, we denote $S^{1}(x_{0})$ the circle ...
2
votes
2answers
238 views

Is the following 3-manifold irreducible?

We start with product manifold $ X := S_g \times (0,1)$, where $S_g$ is a closed, orientable surface of genus $g \geq 1$. Since this has $\mathbb R^3$ as its universal cover, $X$ is irreducible. Now ...
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0answers
39 views

Hilbert Manifold structure on global sections of a sheaf

Let $<U_i,\phi_i>$ be an atlas on a Hilbert manifold $M$. If $F(M,U_i)$ is a Hilbert space for every $U_i$ then does this imply that $F(M,M)$ can be made into a Hilbert manifold also with ...
4
votes
2answers
162 views

Unique Kahler-Einstein metric $g$ with $\mathrm{Ricc}(g)=-g$ when first Chern class $C_1(M)<0$: $\mathrm{Ricc}(h)=-g\,\Rightarrow\,h=cg$ for $c>0$?

On a compact Kahler manifold, let $g$ be the unique Kahler-Einstein metric with $\mathrm{Ricc}(g)=-g$, proved to exist by Yau and Aubin when the first Chern class $C_1(M)<0$. Question: Does $g$ ...
5
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1answer
220 views

Does every smooth manifold carry a gaussian random field?

Let $M$ be an arbitrary finite-dimensional smooth manifold. For simplicity, let's assume that $M$ has no boundary. Does there always exist a gaussian random field with constant variance on $M$? If ...
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96 views

Equivalence of Kahler structures of based loop group and its Grassmannian model

In Pressley-Segal's Loop Groups, we have the following spaces equipped with Kahler structures. Let $G$ be a compact, connected, (simply connected) group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$. Let ...
3
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78 views

A tangential fixed point property for manifolds embedded in Euclidean spaces

Assume that $M$ is a compact orientable manifold which is embedded in some Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^{N}$ We say that $M$ has the tangential fixed point property if for every continuous $f:M\to ...
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2answers
333 views

Homeo-Fixed point property

Edit: According to comment of Michał Kukieła I revised the question A topological space $X$ satisfies "Homeo-fixed point" property if every homeomorphism $f$ on $X$ possess a fixed point. ...
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108 views

Is $C^\infty(M,\mathbb{R})$ an ind-(smooth manifold)?

Let $\mathrm{Man}$ be the category of smooth manifolds (2nd countable, Hausdorff, no boundary, not necessarily compact) and smooth maps, and let $M$ be an object thereof. Is the presheaf $S \mapsto ...