**0**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Functional Calculus and Fredholm index

Let $-\Delta: W^{2,2} \subset L^2(\mathbb{S}^2) \rightarrow L^2(\mathbb{S}^2)$. Then it is "easy" to show that $-\Delta $ is self-adjoint. Now, I am looking for closed operators $T$ and $T^*$ of order ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

116 views

### Existence of a fixed-point free map in a manifold [closed]

I'm having some to proof a question. I have to show that a compact manifold that admits a nowhere vanishing smooth vector field has a smooth map fixed-point free homotopic to the identity map.
I know ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

467 views

### Elementary Proof of the Uniqueness of Smooth Structures on R

Is there any 'elementary' proof of the uniqueness of smooth structures on $\mathbb{R}$? By elementary, I mean that the proof does not use any sophisticated topological machinery. In particular, I'm ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

289 views

### A vector space associated with a vector field on a symplectic manifold

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a $2n$ dimensional symplectic manifold and $X$ is a smooth vector field on $M$. Consider the following subvector space of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$: $$S(X)=\{Y\in ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Some quantities which definitions are (somehow) similar to the classical Divergence

Motivated by classical formulas $L_{X}=d\circ i_{X}+i_{X}\circ d$ and $L_{X} \Omega=Div(X) \Omega$ and the essential role of the diff operator $d$ in definition of divergence, we define some ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Co-rank of a group with $a^2b^2c^2=1$ (fundamental group of non-orientable surface)

What is the co-rank of a group $$G=\langle a_1,a_2,\dots,a_h\mid a_1^2a_2^2\dots a_h^2=1\rangle,$$ that is, finitely generated group with $h$ generators and one relation?
By co-rank, I mean the ...

**28**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Unifying Geometry for Characteristic Classes

When working with characteristic classes (more concretely Chern classes), one finds at least four essentially distinct approaches:
Axiomatic Approach. See, for instance, Vector Bundles and K-Theory, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

255 views

### Futaki invariant on $X=Bl_p(\mathbb CP^2)$ for different line bundles

Let $X$ be a projective variaty which blow up at a point $p$ , i.e, $X=Bl_p(\mathbb CP^2)$, then for the Line bundle $L=-K_X$, we have for Futaki invariant $Fut_L\neq 0$, I want to see, what about ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

318 views

### Is the space of real conics with a singular point an orientable manifold?

Consider the space of non zero real homogeneous degree $2$ polynomials in three variables upto scaling. This space is $\mathbb{R} \mathbb{P}^5$. The zero set
of such a polynomial gives a real curve ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### New setting for tensor definition

This is the standard definition for a tensor in a smooth manifold (Nakahara, for example):
But while reading Salamon's Riemannian Geometry and Holonomy Groups I have found this rather different ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

293 views

### Question about the h-principle

So generally we define a differential relation to be $\mathcal{R} \subset X^{(r)}.$ In the case that $X=M\times N$ is it possible to have $\mathcal{R}=X^{(1)}$? So in this case the formal solutions ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

273 views

### Can one properly embed a differential manifold into numerical space of double dimension? [duplicate]

If $X$ is a $ C^\infty$ differential manifold of dimension $n$, then there exists an embedding $f:X\to \mathbb R^{2n+1}$.
This is a not too difficult theorem due to Whitney, proved in many textbooks.
...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

111 views

### Almost fixed point property

Let $X$ be a Hausdorff topological space with the following property:
For every continuous function $f:X\to X$, there is a finite subset $S\neq \emptyset$ of $X$ with $F(S)\subset S$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### Divergence invariant lifting of a vector field via a submersion

What is an example of a smooth submersion $P:S^{3}\to S^{2}$ for which the following statment is Not true:
For every vector field $X$ on $S^{2}$ there is a non vanishing vector field ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### A question on tangent bundle (and second tangent bundle)

Let $M$ be a $n$ dimensional manifold and $p:TM\to M$ be the projection map. Then $\ker Dp$ is a $n$ dimensional vector bundle on $TM$, as a sub bundle of $TT(M)$.
For what type of manifolds, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

235 views

### Is the unit tangent bundle of $S^{n}$ parallelizable?

Is the unit tangent bundle of $S^{n}$ a parallelizable manifold. This is motivated by the fact that $TS^{n}$ is parallelizable?

**4**

votes

**2**answers

136 views

### functions which covers(good covers) manifolds

Let $M$ be a (not necessarily compact)) smooth manifold.
1.Is there a smooth map $f:M\to \mathbb{R}$ and an open covering $\mathbb{R}=\cup U_{\alpha}$ such that each $f^{-1}(U_{\alpha})$ ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

313 views

### Existence of certain “nondegenerate” function and manifold topology

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold without boundary, not necessarily compact.
Let $f$ be a real-valued smooth function on $M\times M$. We say $f$ is good if for any point $(x,y)\in M\times M$ with local ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

166 views

### Free action of symmetric groups

What type of compact manifolds, can be acted freely by symmetric group $S_{m}$ for some $m>2$?
Is there a compact manifold which can be act freely by all symmetric ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

244 views

### A metric associated with a continuous surjective map $f:X\to Y$

Assume that $f:(X,d_{1})\to (Y,d_{2})$ is a continuous surjective map between compact metric spaces. We define another
metric $d_{f}$ on $Y$ With $$ d_{f}(y_{1},y_{2})=Hd(f^{-1}(y_{1}), ...

**16**

votes

**4**answers

493 views

### The limit of edge-midpoint convex polyhedra

Starting with a convex polyhedron $P_1 \subset \mathbb{R}^3$,
replace that with $P_2$, the convex hull of the midpoints of the edges of $P_1$.
Continuing this process, we obtain a ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

339 views

### Homeo-Fixed point property

Edit: According to comment of Michał Kukieła I revised the question
A topological space $X$ satisfies "Homeo-fixed point" property if every homeomorphism $f$ on $X$ possess a fixed point.
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

190 views

### $n$-Fold Framed Functions

Suppose that $M$ is a manifold. One can consider a suitably constructed space of generalized framed Morse functions on $M$, let's call it $\mathrm{Fun}^\mathrm{fr}(M)$. This space is known to be ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

118 views

### Tubular neighborhoods in the proof of the Morse homology theorem

I have a question regarding the proof of the Morse homology theorem given by D. Salamon in "Morse theory, the Conley index and Floer homology". The full text can be found here:
...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

98 views

### A full dim. subvector space of $\chi^{\infty}(M)$ which all non zero elements are nonvanishing vec.field

What is an example of a $n$ dimensional manifold $M$ which is not a lie group or $S^{7}$ but satisfies the following property?:
There is an $n$ dimensional sub vector space ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Can a smooth function on a cross be extended to the whole plane?

Consider a real function on the union of two lines R×0 and 0×R in R² whose restrictions to R×0 and 0×R are smooth functions R→R.
Is it possible to extend this function to a smooth function on R²?
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

244 views

### Quotes from Connes

I found the following remark by Connes HERE:
"the main quality of the homotopy type of a manifold is to satisfy Poincare duality not only in ordinary homology but in K-homology with the Fredholm ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

72 views

### Cover a set with balls centered at smooth functions (Ascoli theorem)

Assume $M$ to be a compact $n$-dimensional manifold, endowed with a complete metric.
Let us consider the space $C^\infty(M)$ endowed with the standard $C^\infty$ topology, i.e. generated by the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

324 views

### Atlas of a manifold as a Sheaf

--Hopefully this question does not dublicate another--
In this question Tom Goodwillie pointed out, that the 'atlas part' of
the definition of a smooth manifold can be redefined in terms of
sheaves. ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

112 views

### A special Lie subalgebra

Motivated by comments of the following post A question on involutions on the Lie algebra of vector fields we ask the following question:
Let $L$ be a Lie algebra. We consider the Lie subalgebra ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

630 views

### Does every compact manifold exhibit an almost global chart

Let $M$ be a compact connected manifold.
Is there a chart $\Psi:U \to \mathbb{R}^n$ such that the closure of $U$ is $M$?
This is true for $S^n, T^n, K$, all compact surfaces, etc.
If it is not true in ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

120 views

### Is a continuous map between smoothable manifolds of the same dimension always smoothable?

(My question is inspired by this math.SE question, whose
negative answer I showed by a dimension-increasing map.)
Is it the case that for all smoothable manifolds $M_0$ and $M_1$ with the same ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

73 views

### A question on parallelizability

Is there a manifold $M$ such that for every $x\in M$, $M-\{x\}$ is not parallelizable but there is a finite set $S\subset M$, with $\# S>1$, such that $M-S$ is parallelizable?

**2**

votes

**0**answers

186 views

### The Cauchy Problem in General Relativity: Existence of a Hausdorff Development

This is related to a problem that I posed about a year ago. I was given several references by a number of experts who were kind enough to entertain my rather arcane question. Those references were ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

224 views

### The embeddings $S^{6} \to S^{7}$ and $S^{7}\to S^{8}$

Is the standard smooth structure of $S^{7}$ the only structure for which each of the following canonical embedding is an smooth embedding?:
1)$S^{6}\to S^{7}$
2)$S^{7}\to S^{8}$

**10**

votes

**1**answer

343 views

### heat kernel on n-sphere

I'm interested in diffusion, a.k.a. the heat kernel driven by the Laplace-Beltrami operator, on the $n$-dimensional sphere. There are lots of bounds showing that, for small times, it behaves in a way ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

229 views

### A question on involutions on the Lie algebra of vector fields

Edite According to the essential comment of Ian Agol I revise the question as follows
For a smooth manifold $M$, is there a non identity involution $\theta$ on the lie algebra $\chi^{\infty}(M)$ ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

454 views

### A question about Dehn surgery and Brieskorn homology 3-spheres

I have been learning about Brieskorn homology 3-spheres $\Sigma(a_1,...,a_n)$ and Seifert manifolds. My reference is the first few pages of Saveliev's "Invariants of Homology 3-spheres."
If I ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

247 views

### What 3-manifolds can be obtained by gluing $ S^1 \times P $ and two copies of $S^1 \times D^2$

Let P denote the pair of pants e.g. a sphere minus three small discs $D_1$,$D_2$,$D_3$ about marked points $x_1,x_2,x_3$. I then consider $P \times S^1$. We have boundary components $T_1$,$T_2$,$T_3$. ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Question about a particular estimate in Riemannian geometry

I have been studying the book Some Nonlinear Problems In Riemannian Geometry - Thierry Aubin. On page $46$ he begins the proof of the Sobolev imbedding theorem to manifolds. The proof is divided in ...

**23**

votes

**2**answers

799 views

### Ellipses on spheres (and other surfaces)

Define an ellipse $E$ on a sphere as the locus of points whose sum of
shortest geodesic distances to two foci $p_1$ and $p_2$ is a constant $d$.
There are conditions on $\{ p_1, p_2, d \}$ for this ...

**31**

votes

**9**answers

6k views

### Why differential forms are important?

Importance of differential forms is obvious to any geometer and some analysts dealing with manifolds, partly because so many results in modern geometry and related areas cannot even be formulated ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

311 views

### Closed 4-manifolds with uncountably many differentiable structures

I know that $\mathbb{R}^4$ admits uncountably many differentiable structures and I was wandering what happen if we consider closed 4-manifolds. Are there any closed 4-manifolds with uncountably many ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

480 views

### Homotopy spheres with vanishing and non-vanishing $\alpha$-invariant

I'm unsure whether this question is appropriate for mathoverflow, so feel free to criticize.
All manifolds are closed, smooth and have dimensions $n\ge 5$.
The Atiyah-Shapiro-Bott-Orientation gives ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### When does a cobordism factorize the sphere?

Let $W: \emptyset \Rightarrow M$ be a smooth cobordism from $\emptyset$ to a smooth closed $n$-manifold $M$. Are there reasonably simple conditions on $W$ which guarantee the existence of another ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### Smooth function over a manifold into an algebra

Let $M$ be a manifold and $A$ a $*$-algebra. Does is hold that
$$C^{\infty}(M,A) \cong C^{\infty}(M) \otimes A$$
where the RHS means that you take smooth functions which map into $A$. If this holds, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

159 views

### Foliation of the tangent bundle of $n$-sphere

Is there a smooth $n$-dimensional foliation of $TS^{n}$,( here $n\neq1,3,7$) such that the zero section be a leaf of this foliation?

**13**

votes

**2**answers

452 views

### Homotopy groups of spaces of embeddings

Let $\mathrm{Emb}(M, N)$ be the space of smooth embeddings of a closed manifold $M$ into a manifold $N$ equipped with smooth compact-open topology.
Question 1. Are there conditions ensuring that ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

222 views

### “Naïve”cobordism?

The naive view of (say, complex) cobordism of a space $X$ is that it should be the group generated by continuous families of closed manifolds parametrized by $X$. Acting even more naively, one may try ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Is the space of smooth functions with compact support a DF space?

Is there a good criterion, when a (nuclear) LF space is DF (DFN)? What are references to find out about that? If not, is there a known way, to construct a projective resolution of LF spaces? Prosmans ...