Smooth manifolds and smooth functions between them. For manifolds with additional structure, see more specific tags, such as [riemannian-geometry]. For more topological aspects, see [differential-topology].

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First Chern class of the tautological line bundle over $\mathbb{CP}^n$

I'm trying to understand the following example in which the first Chern class of the tautological line bundle $L^{taut} \to \mathbb{CP}^n$ will be calculated and then it is shown that these bundles ...
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56 views

What is $(L^2(M), H^1_0(M))_{\frac 12}$ on a smooth manifold with boundary?

Let $M$ be a smooth compact manifold. If $M$ is closed, we have that the interpolation space $$(L^2(M), H^1(M))_{\frac 12}=H^{\frac 12}(M)$$ (see Taylor's book on PDE for example). Suppose $M$ has a ...
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128 views

Constructing a “nice” cobordism

Denote by $\Sigma_g$ the closed, orientable surface of genus $g$. I want to construct a cobordism $M_g$ between $\Sigma_g$ and $\Sigma_{g+1}$ with the following two nice properties: 1) $M_g$ is an ...
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300 views

A property stronger than the fixed point property

Assume that $X$ is a topological space. We say that $X$ satisfies the strong fixed point property if the graph of every surjective continuous self-map intersect the graph of every continuous self-...
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1answer
99 views

A weak fixed point property

The usual fixed point property can be interpreted in terms of non empty intersection of the graph of all maps with the graph of the identity map. This motivates us to consider the following "weak ...
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212 views

Does $\mathfrak{N}_4$ contain at least four distinct elements?

How do I see that the set $\mathfrak{N}_4$ consisting of all unoriented cobordism classes of smooth closed $4$-manifolds contains at least four distinct elements?
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46 views

Smoothness of the twistor space of a lorentzian manifold, or “convexity wrt null geodesics”

Null lines in Minkowski space form a 5-dimensional manifold, represented as a (real) quadric $\mathbf{PN}\subset\mathbb{C}\mathbf{P}^3$. This is a well-known fact, on which R. Penrose’s twistor ...
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80 views

$E \times_H \mathbb{R}^n$ is isomorphic to the total space of the tautological bundle $\gamma^n$ over $G_n(\mathbb{R}^{n+k})$?

Let $H$ be the subgroup of $\text{GL}(n + k, \mathbb{R})$ consisting of matrices whose lower $n \times k$ block is empty; i.e. consisting of matrices of the form$$\begin{pmatrix} A & * \\ 0 & ...
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98 views

Unit sphere of a norm is a submanifold implies the norm is smooth?

Let us call a norm on $\mathbb{R}^n$ smooth if its restriction $\| \cdot \|:\mathbb{R}^n\setminus \{ 0 \} \to \mathbb{R}$ is a smooth map. Suppose the unit sphere of a norm $\| \cdot \|$ is an ...
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95 views

Higher tangent bundles of manifolds with non integer dimension

One way to define the tangent space of a manifold at a point $p\in M$ is the following: We define an equivalent relation on the space of curves passing $p$ as follows: Two curves $\alpha, \beta$ are ...
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268 views

Ricci flow on Kähler manifold

Knowing the Ricci flow on Riemann surfaces, see e.g. Ricci flow on Riemann surfaces How could we write the Ricci flow on Kähler manifold? Thanks for the reply!
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291 views

Spectrum of Ring of Smooth Functions on $\mathbb{R}^n$

When we define smooth manifold, we starting with topological space $M$ which localy homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$ and setting up sheaf $\mathscr{F}(M)$ of functions on it which localy isomorphic to $\...
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1answer
156 views

Schauder estimate for the heat equation on compact manifolds

I asked this question on math.stackexchange.com, however I didn't get any answers so I'll try it here. Let $M$ be a compact manifold without boundary. Consider $Lu:=\partial_tu-\Delta u$. Let $f\in C^...
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1answer
178 views

Exterior derivative as only (up to multiple) natural operator $\Lambda ^kT^\ast \rightsquigarrow \Lambda ^{k+1}T^\ast$

In Kolar, Michor, & Slovak's book Natural Operations in Differential Geometry, it is proved the exterior derivative is universal in the following sense. Proposition 25.4. For $k>0$ all natural ...
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2answers
335 views

Natural operators in differential geometry - why are they natural?

I'm reading bits and pieces of Kolar, Michor, & Slovak's Natural Operations in differential Geometry, and I'm having "doubt" about some of the definitions. All I'm trying to do is sheafify some of ...
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1answer
202 views

Smooth manifolds as idempotent splitting completion

The nlab has a particularly interesting thing to say about the category of smooth manifolds: it is the idempotent-splitting completion of the category of open sets of Euclidean spaces and smooth maps. ...
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250 views

Is the following 3-manifold irreducible?

We start with product manifold $ X := S_g \times (0,1)$, where $S_g$ is a closed, orientable surface of genus $g \geq 1$. Since this has $\mathbb R^3$ as its universal cover, $X$ is irreducible. Now $...
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230 views

global section of affine $C^\infty$-scheme

I'm reading Algebraic Geometry over $C^\infty$-rings. It is written that "If $\mathfrak{C}$ is not finitely generated then $\Phi_{\mathfrak{C}}:\mathfrak{C}\rightarrow \Gamma(\text{Spec}\mathfrak{C})$...
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42 views

Hilbert Manifold structure on global sections of a sheaf

Let $<U_i,\phi_i>$ be an atlas on a Hilbert manifold $M$. If $F(M,U_i)$ is a Hilbert space for every $U_i$ then does this imply that $F(M,M)$ can be made into a Hilbert manifold also with ...
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2answers
171 views

Unique Kahler-Einstein metric $g$ with $\mathrm{Ricc}(g)=-g$ when first Chern class $C_1(M)<0$: $\mathrm{Ricc}(h)=-g\,\Rightarrow\,h=cg$ for $c>0$?

On a compact Kahler manifold, let $g$ be the unique Kahler-Einstein metric with $\mathrm{Ricc}(g)=-g$, proved to exist by Yau and Aubin when the first Chern class $C_1(M)<0$. Question: Does $g$ ...
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229 views

Does every smooth manifold carry a gaussian random field?

Let $M$ be an arbitrary finite-dimensional smooth manifold. For simplicity, let's assume that $M$ has no boundary. Does there always exist a gaussian random field with constant variance on $M$? If not,...
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176 views

A tangential fixed point property for manifolds embedded in Euclidean spaces

Assume that $M$ is a compact orientable manifold which is embedded in some Euclidean space $\mathbb{R}^{N}$ We say that $M\subset \mathbb{R}^{N}$ has the tangential fixed point property if for ...
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Is $C^\infty(M,\mathbb{R})$ an ind-(smooth manifold)?

Let $\mathrm{Man}$ be the category of smooth manifolds (2nd countable, Hausdorff, no boundary, not necessarily compact) and smooth maps, and let $M$ be an object thereof. Is the presheaf $S \mapsto C^...
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467 views

Does pullback in the category of smooth manifolds always exists?

I am looking for an example where $f:Y\to X$ and $f':Y'\to X$, are both smooth maps of smooth manifolds, but the pullback does not exist. Remarks: 1) A pullback in a certain category is defined as ...
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89 views

Closed leaves on foliations of $\mathbb{R}^n$

I want to know if there exists a characterization of k-foliations of $\mathbb{R}^n$ which have all the leaves closed. Do exists a $k$-foliation of $\mathbb{R}^n$ with a non-closed leaf? In general, ...
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How to get convinced that there are a lot of 3-manifolds?

My question is rather philosophical : without using advanced tools as Perlman-Thurston's geometrisation, how can we get convinced that the class of closed oriented $3$-manifolds is large and that ...
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808 views

Is each closed convex set a manifold with corners?

Assume that $C$ is a convex set in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ with non empty interior. Then consider its closure, is it a smooth manifold with corners? Edit: 1) The closure of $C$ should be a smooth manifold ...
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132 views

Which spherical space forms embed in $S^4$?

Is there any hope of getting a classification of which 3-dimensional spherical space forms are smoothly embeddable in $S^4$? I read that lens spaces cannot embed in $S^4$, but some other spherical ...
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411 views

Examples of Stiefel-Whitney classes of manifolds

Let $M$ by an compact, connected $n$-dimensional manifold without boundary. Are there any other computable examples of the Stiefel-Whitney class $w(M)$ except for $M=S^m, \mathbb{R}P^m,\mathbb{C}P^m, ...
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278 views

Question about theorem in Arnold's book on action-angles variables

I have a question about the action-angle theorem on p. 283 in Arnold's textbook on classical mechanics.(I added the link to this book in the last part of this question) If you don't have the book or ...
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1answer
221 views

Homotopies with prescribed regular values

Let $M_1$ and $M_2$ be connected smooth manifolds and let $f_0,f_1:M_1 \rightarrow M_2$ be homotopic smooth maps such that some fixed point $p \in M_2$ is a regular value for both $f_0$ and $f_1$. ...
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101 views

Retract embedding of $S^{n}$ in its unit tangent bundle

Acording to the comment of Mark Grant and the answer of Ryan Budney, I revise the question: For what even $n$, there is a retract embedding of of $S^n$ in its unit tangent bundle?
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230 views

Hodge de Rham operator and orientability

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian manifold. One can consider the exterior algebra bundle $\Lambda(T^*M)$. The sections of this bundle are differential forms, to be noted by $\Omega^k(M)$. One can consider ...
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503 views

characteristic classes of homotopy equivalent manifolds

Let $M,N$ be two manifolds of different dimensions. Suppose $M\simeq N$, i.e. $M$ is homotopy equivalent to $N$. Do the Stiefel-Whitney classes of the tangent bundles of $M$ and $N$ equal $$ w(TM)=w(...
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1answer
88 views

Set of density matrices

A density matrix is a matrix $\rho \in \mathscr{D}:=\{A \in \mathbb{C}^{n \times n}; A^*=A; \operatorname{tr}(A)=1; A \ge 0\}.$ In Quantum Mechanics it is natural to look at a group action $\Phi: U(...
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Does an analytic tensorial Lie structure on $S^2$ gives a fiberwise Abelian Lie algebra structure?

Motivated by the answer to this question we ask: Is it true to say that for every real analytic tensorial Lie algebra structure $\alpha$ on $\chi^{\infty}(S^2)$, all fibers are necessarily ...
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1answer
127 views

Manifold_Lie algebra compatibility

In this question we try to improve some parts of this post as follows: What is an example of a manifold $M$ and a Lie algebra $L$ (with the same dimension) such that $M$ does not admit ...
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1answer
114 views

Existence of tubular neighborohoods of locally flat topological embeddings

Suppose $X$ is a topological manifold and $Y \subset X$ is a locally flat submanifold. We know that $Y$ doesn't necessarily have a tubular neighborhood. My definition of a tubular neighborhood of $Y$ ...
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406 views

Riemannian metrics preserved by diffeomorphisms

Let $f \neq Id$ be a diffeomorphism (of a smooth manifold $M$) which admits some Riemannain metric on $M$ making it an isometry. How many different metrics are preserved by $f$? Note that $Met(f)=\{g|...
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131 views

No irreducible parallelizable manifold of given dimension

What is an example of a closed 4-manifold $M$ such that $M$ is parallelizable and $M$ is topologically (or at least smoothly) irreducible? Topological irreducible: it is not homemorphic to ...
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2answers
167 views

Vanishing of sheaf cohomology with compact support

Let $X$ be a smooth manifold. Let $F$ be a sheaf of $\mathbb{R}$-vector spaces on $X$. I have three closely related questions. 1) Under what sufficient conditions on $F$ for any compact subset $K\...
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1answer
152 views

Calculating Homology of the Boundary of a Handlebody

Given a manifold $M$ with boundary $W = \partial M$, I know that having a handle decomposition of $M$ allows one to compute its homology, at least in nice cases, by - for example - using the Morse ...
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1answer
806 views

Is it possible for a metric on a smooth manifold to be smooth?

Are there any smooth manifolds $M$ with the following property: There exist a realizing metric $d$ (i.e $d$ induces the topology on $M$), and $d$ is smooth on all of $M \times M$? If not, is it ...
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174 views

Intuition behind the following theorem of Reeb?

What is the intuition behind the following theorem of Reeb? If a compact manifold admits a function with only two critical points which are non degenerate, it is homeomorphic to the sphere.
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135 views

Submersion theorem for smooth tame Frechet manifolds

If $M$ and $N$ are Banach manifolds, $f:M\rightarrow N$ is a smooth map, and $q\in N$ is a regular value, so $f$ is a submersion on $f^{-1}(q)$, it is well known that the level set $f^{-1}(q)$ is a ...
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1answer
145 views

Stokes-like Theorem for Dolbeault Operator

I have a simple question regarding complex geometry: is there an analog for the Stokes Theorem for the Dolbeault Operator $\bar{\partial}$? For instance, suppose that $M$ is a closed complex manifold ...
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114 views

Suitable reference on smooth manifolds for qualifying exam study?

Is there a single suitable reference to study for the smooth manifold (geometry) half of a typical Topology/Geometry PhD preliminary exam at an average AMS group I school? (Note: I know details about ...
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79 views

Poisson algebra automorphisms of a symplectic manifold

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a symplectic manifold. Let $V=\mathcal{C}^\infty(M)$ be the Lie algebra of smooth real valued functions. Suppose $f:\rightarrow V$ be an Lie-algebra isomorphism (an algebra ...
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647 views

Can the Laplace operator on $n-$ manifolds be represented as a sum of $n$ second order derivational operators

EDIT: According to some comments on this post I revise the title to remove the misunderestanding. Assume that $M$ is a Riemannian manifold of dimension $n$. The natural Laplace operator associated ...
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259 views

Smooth manifolds for which every metric is geodesically convex

Are there non compact smooth manifolds which have the property that every Riemannian metric is geodesically convex? Note that a manifold for which every Riemannian metric is complete must be compact. ...