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28
votes
0answers
2k views

Microlocal geometry - A theorem of Verdier

(1) In "Geometrie Microlocale", Verdier states the following theorem. Theorem: Let $E$ be a vector space and $F$ a constructible complex on $E$. Then for $\ell$ a linear form on $E$, we have a ...
11
votes
0answers
165 views

Canonical scheme structure on the singular locus of a variety

I first asked this question on Math StackExchange but no answers were given. Let $X$ be subvariety of affine space $\mathbb{A}_{k}^n$, where $k$ is a field, and suppose $X$ is given by equations ...
10
votes
0answers
252 views

Can I compute the cohomology of the complement of a log canonical divisor as if it were normal crossings?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety and $D$ a log-canonical divisor and let $U = X \setminus D$. I have heard the slogan "log-canonical is just as good as normal crossings for Hodge theory". This ...
8
votes
0answers
346 views

Cohomology and conifold transition for the quintic

Let $Y\subset \mathbb{C}P^4$ be the quintic threefold given by the equation $$X^5_0+X^5_1+X^5_2+X^5_3+X^5_4+5X_0X_1X_2X_3X_4=0$$ it has 125 singular points whose links are homeomorphic to $S^2\times ...
8
votes
0answers
301 views

Which presentations of (non)planar algebras give rise to knots?

Reidermeister's theorem states that the set of knots, modulo ambient isotopy, is isomorphic to the planar algebra generated by crossings, modulo Reidemeister moves. This planar algebra presentation is ...
7
votes
0answers
170 views

Singularities of an analytic function over a non-archimedean field

What do we know about the types of singularities that a convergent power series over a non-archimedean field can have? More specifically: i) What types of essential singularities can occur? ii) Are ...
7
votes
0answers
351 views

Singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (an algebraic point of view)

I will start the story by the end: Is there some characterization of (some of) the singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (canonical, terminal, log-...) in terms of commutative algebra ...
7
votes
0answers
455 views

Physicists Euler number conjecture

Physicist's Euler number conjecture says: If $G \subset SL(n,\mathbb{C})$ is a finite group, $X=\mathbb{C}^n/G$ is the quotient space and $f:Y \rightarrow X$ a crepant resolution (always exists for ...
6
votes
0answers
93 views

Toric Degenerations and Nearby Cycles

Suppose that $f: X \to \mathbb{A}^1$ is a toric degeneration in the sense of Nishinou-Siebert. In other words let X be a (possibly singular) toric variety equipped with a (not necessarily proper) ...
6
votes
0answers
100 views

When is a smooth function locally equivalent to a truncation of its Taylor series?

Let $U \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be an open set and let $f:U \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth proper function. For $p \in \mathbb{R}^n$ let $$T_p(x_1,\ldots,x_n) = \sum_{i_1,\ldots,i_n=0}^{\infty} ...
6
votes
0answers
462 views

An elementary question in singularities

The following problem came up in something I am working on. It has a really elementary statement but I couldn't crack it in a couple of hours of thinking about it. It isn't clear to me if I am being ...
6
votes
0answers
261 views

Singularity structure of integrals of rational functions

Suppose I have a convergent integral of the form $\int_0^1dx_1\dots\int_0^1 dx_n \frac{P(x_i)}{Q(x_i)}$, where $P$ and $Q$ are polynomial functions of $n$ nonnegative real variables $x_i$. Let the ...
5
votes
0answers
112 views

Gysin exact sequence for a singular subvariety

Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field (I'm interested in a characteristic $p>0$ specific example) and let $X$ be a (smooth if needed) algebraic variety. Let $Y \subset X$ be a (possibly) ...
5
votes
0answers
113 views

Framed singular knots

I've recently run across what one might (and I suspect people probably do) call framed singular knots, or maybe singular ribbon knots. Regardless of the name, what I mean is the following: Let $D$ be ...
5
votes
0answers
499 views

Jacobian ideals reference

Suppose that $f : X \to V$ is a flat equidimensional (of dimension $h$) morphism of schemes of finite type and $V$ is excellent (or a variety) For this one can formulate something called the Jacobian ...
5
votes
0answers
542 views

Isolated singularities and tangent cones

Assume that I have an affine hypersurface $X =V(f)\subset \mathbb{C}^4$ of degree $d$ with an isolated singularity of multiplicity $m$ at the origin $o=(0,0,0,0)$. Let $$f:=f_m + f_{m+1}+ \cdots ...
5
votes
0answers
316 views

What is known about “singularity types” in the Murphy's Law sense?

In his "Murphy's Law" paper, Vakil gives a definition equivalent to the following: The singularity type of a pointed scheme $(X,p)$ its equivalence class, under the following equivalence relation: ...
5
votes
0answers
251 views

Fixed point sets that carry topology

Let $M$ be a closed smooth manifold. A generic diffeomorphism $\phi: M\rightarrow M$ has non-degenerate fixed points, i.e. the intersections of its graph with the diagonal in $M\times M$ are all ...
4
votes
0answers
48 views

Singular reduction in infinite dimension

In 1991, Sjamaar and Lerman [1] introduced the notion of stratified symplectic spaces. Namely, if $M$ is a symplectic manifold and $G$ a Lie group acting properly (but not necessarily freely) on $M$ ...
4
votes
0answers
167 views

Some examples where the plurigenera are nonconstant, when the fibres have worse singularities than canonical

Let start with a definition Invariance of plurigenera: Choose $m$ large enough so that $mK_F$ has a non-zero global section for some fibre $F$. For any fibre $F$, we have $K_F = K_{X/D}~_{|F}$. So ...
4
votes
0answers
122 views

$\mathbb{Q}$-factoriality of singularities

I would like to understand if a certain variety is $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial (i.e., if every Weil divisor $D$ has a multiple $mD$ that is Cartier). This property can be deduced by a local picture around ...
4
votes
0answers
118 views

Real structure in the mixed Hodge structure associated to an isolated singularity

We know that a mixed Hodge structure on a complex vector space $H$ with an integral lattice $H_{\mathbb Z}$ consists of the weight filtration and the Hodge filtration. For an isolated hypersurface ...
4
votes
0answers
190 views

$n$-Fold Framed Functions

Suppose that $M$ is a manifold. One can consider a suitably constructed space of generalized framed Morse functions on $M$, let's call it $\mathrm{Fun}^\mathrm{fr}(M)$. This space is known to be ...
3
votes
0answers
83 views

Is there a correspondence between counting curves in P^2 blown up at a point and counting curves in P^2?

Let $X$ be $\mathbb{P}^2$ blownup at one point and $\beta := d L -2E \in H_2(X, \mathbb{Z})$, where $L$ and $E$ denote the class of a line and the exceptional divisor respectively. Let ...
3
votes
0answers
153 views

Implicit function theorem for singularities

I am looking for an implicit function theorem which holds also on singular spaces, at least if the singularities are "mild". For example, let $0 = z^2 - x y + z w + w^2 + \epsilon w$ define a ...
3
votes
0answers
228 views

Hypersurface with singularities

I heard once about one open problem. That was about existing a hypersurface of a small degree (5? or 6?) passing through some number (5? 6?) of 3-fold points and 2-fold lines (3 lines?). It was said ...
3
votes
0answers
207 views

References for resolutions of ordinary singular points

Let $X$ be a $n$-dimensional complex projective algebraic variety, let us suppose that $X$ has only isolated singularities. Edit: Let us say that an ordinary $m$-ple singular point is an isolated ...
3
votes
0answers
183 views

Hypersurfaces with Gorenstein singular loci

Recall that a hypersurface $D$ in a complex manifold $X$ is called a free divisor if the Lie algebroid $\mathcal{T}_X(-\log D)$ of vector fields tangent to $D$ is locally free. This condition is ...
3
votes
0answers
68 views

on Neron defect of smoothness for groups schemes

Let $G$ a semisimple simply connected group over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\gamma\in G(\mathbb{C}[[t]])$ such that $\gamma$ is regular semisimple on $G(\mathbb{C}((t)))$. We consider $I_{\gamma}$ the group ...
3
votes
0answers
318 views

Blowing up a projective surface

Let $X$ be a smooth degree $d$ ($d>5$) surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. We now blow up $X$ at a point, embed it in some projective space, and and consider a projection of it into $\mathbb{P}^3$. The ...
3
votes
0answers
129 views

Equivalence of Level Sets

Consider the zero level set of $f : \mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}$, where $0$ is a regular value. Consider also the space of planes passing through the origin, i.e. $\mathbb{RP}^2$. For a fixed plane $P ...
3
votes
0answers
216 views

Good covers on complex algebraic varieties with normal crossings singularities

Let $X$ be a topological space. A good cover on $X$ is an open cover such that all finite non-empty intersections are contractible. It is a theorem of Hironaka that (complex) algebraic sets admit ...
3
votes
0answers
144 views

Tangent cones to Severi strata

Let $\mathbb{C}[[x,y]]/f(x,y)$ be a reduced plane curve singularity. The base of a versal family can be taken to be (an open subset in) $\Lambda = \mathbb{C}[x,y]/(f,\partial_x f, \partial_y f)$; the ...
3
votes
0answers
563 views

Sebastiani-Thom isomorphism for D-modules

Considering $f:X\to \mathbb{C}$, $g:X\to \mathbb{C}$ and $f\oplus g:(x,y)\mapsto f(x)+g(y)$. The Sebastiani-Thom isomorphism is an isomorphism $\Phi_{f\oplus g}(M\boxtimes N) = \Phi_{f}(M) \otimes ...
2
votes
0answers
158 views

Ricci curvature in resolution of singularities

Let $X$ and $X'$ are Kahler variety and $f: (X',\omega')\to (X,\omega)$ be the resolution of singularities of $X$ then from $K_X=f^*K_X'+E$ how can we find the relation between $Ric(\omega)$ and ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

Singularities of algebraic curves, and torsion of the pull-back of the differential module by the normalisation

The problem in the following : given an algebraic curve $C$, it's well-known that a smooth projective model of $C$ can be construct as the set of discrete valuations $v$ on it's function field ...
2
votes
0answers
66 views

quasi-ordinary singularities on a versal deformation?

Let $V$ be a variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and suppose $O$ is a singular point of $V$. Are there conditions on $(V,O)$ such that a versal deformation $W$ of $(V,O)$ has only quasi-ordinary singularities. ...
2
votes
0answers
395 views

Weil Petersson metric on moduli space of Calabi Yau manifolds

Let $f:(X,D)\to Y$ be a holomorphic fibre space where $D$ is divisor with conic singularities and let fibres $(X_s,D_s)$ are log Calabi-Yau pair .i.e $K_X+D$ is nummerically trivial, then we have ...
2
votes
0answers
242 views

generalization Abhyankar's lemma

This question is related to a question I already asked on MO (smooth quotient out of a singular variety?), but I realized later that the hypotheses where not precise enough in my former question. Let ...
2
votes
0answers
234 views

A strong form of implicit function theorem (what happens when the derivative is degenerate?)

(this can be considered as some ad) Consider the system of equations $F(x,y)=0$. (Here $x$, $y$ are multi-variables. The equations are over a local ring. e.g. polynomial/analytic/formal/$C^\infty$ ...
2
votes
0answers
370 views

Blowdown and contraction

I am sorry, my question is very naive. 2nd Edit: Let us suppose that $V$ is a smooth complex projective variety, and $Y\subset V$ is a smooth divisor and has an ample conormal line bundle. We would ...
2
votes
0answers
154 views

geometric irregularities in pde's

The following question is intended for a person more acquainted with the works of Yves Laurent. see: http://archive.numdam.org/article/ASENS_1987_4_20_3_391_0.pdf (French) ...
2
votes
0answers
87 views

Lagrangean equations for the generating function of quadrangulations

Let $M(z)$ be the generating function of edge-rooted connected quadrangulations, with $z$ marking the number of edges. I derived the following Lagrangean equations for $M(z)$: $$M(z) = ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

semicontinuity of the conductor defined by Temkin

We say a principal pair $(X,\mathcal{I})$ where $X=Spec(A)$ is affine scheme and $\mathcal{I}=\tilde{I}$ where $I\subset A$ is a principal ideal generated by $\pi$ wich is a non zero divisor. For a ...
2
votes
0answers
195 views

Stratification of a smooth map

So, this is an exercise. But from math.stackexchange I have been suggested to post this question here. To find the Thom-Boardman stratification of the smooth map ...
2
votes
0answers
86 views

Is it obvious that the defining conditions to obtain a particular singularity are well-defined on the quotient space?

Let $~f:\mathbb{C}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be a holomorphic function vanishing at the origin, with the following properties: $$ f_{00}, ~f_{10}, ~f_{01}, ~f_{20}, ~f_{11} =0,~~f_{20} \neq 0 ...
2
votes
0answers
152 views

Are there ways to make low degree checks for enumerative formulas except for curves in CP^2?

This is a concrete question in Enumerative geometry. Let $S$ be a compact complex surface and $L\rightarrow S$ a holomorphic line bundle. Let $$ \delta_d = \text{dim}~ \mathbb{P}(H^0(S,L^d)) $$ ...
1
vote
0answers
87 views

Does the link of a hypersurface singularity determine its analytic type?

Consider a hypersurface $V(f) \subseteq \mathbb{C}^{n+1}$ with an isolated singularity at the origin. If $L := V(f) \cap S^{2n+1}_\epsilon$ is the link of $V(f)$ (with $S^{2n+1}_\epsilon$ a ...
1
vote
0answers
146 views

reference for weighted blow-up

Let $(0\in X)$ be a germ of a normal 3-fold with a singular point $0$ (over $\mathbb{C}$). We think of $X$ as a small neighborhood of $0$ (for studying singularity). If we can think $X$ as a ...
1
vote
0answers
70 views

Is a variety a local complete intersection if it is locally a complement of to a smooth $N$-dimensional affine of $N-m$ affine subvarieties?

If an equidimensional variety $V$ of dimension $m$ is locally a set-theoretic complete intersection (i.e., it can be covered by open subvarieties of certain intersections of $N-n$ hypersurfaces in ...