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### Microlocal geometry - A theorem of Verdier

(1) In "Geometrie Microlocale", Verdier states the following theorem.
Theorem: Let $E$ be a vector space and $F$ a constructible complex on $E$.
Then for $\ell$ a linear form on $E$, we have a ...

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### Can I compute the cohomology of the complement of a log canonical divisor as if it were normal crossings?

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety and $D$ a log-canonical divisor and let $U = X \setminus D$. I have heard the slogan "log-canonical is just as good as normal crossings for Hodge theory". This ...

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### Cohomology and conifold transition for the quintic

Let $Y\subset \mathbb{C}P^4$ be the quintic threefold given by the equation $$X^5_0+X^5_1+X^5_2+X^5_3+X^5_4+5X_0X_1X_2X_3X_4=0$$
it has 125 singular points whose links are homeomorphic to $S^2\times ...

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### Which presentations of (non)planar algebras give rise to knots?

Reidermeister's theorem states that the set of knots, modulo ambient isotopy, is isomorphic to the planar algebra generated by crossings, modulo Reidemeister moves. This planar algebra presentation is ...

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### Singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (an algebraic point of view)

I will start the story by the end:
Is there some characterization of (some of) the singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (canonical, terminal, log-...) in terms of commutative algebra ...

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### Physicists Euler number conjecture

Physicist's Euler number conjecture says:
If $G \subset SL(n,\mathbb{C})$ is a finite group, $X=\mathbb{C}^n/G$ is the quotient space and $f:Y \rightarrow X$ a crepant resolution (always exists for ...

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### When is a smooth function locally equivalent to a truncation of its Taylor series?

Let $U \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be an open set and let $f:U \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth proper function. For $p \in \mathbb{R}^n$ let
$$T_p(x_1,\ldots,x_n) = \sum_{i_1,\ldots,i_n=0}^{\infty} ...

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### An elementary question in singularities

The following problem came up in something I am working on. It has a really elementary statement but I couldn't crack it in a couple of hours of thinking about it. It isn't clear to me if I am being ...

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### Singularity structure of integrals of rational functions

Suppose I have a convergent integral of the form $\int_0^1dx_1\dots\int_0^1 dx_n \frac{P(x_i)}{Q(x_i)}$, where $P$ and $Q$ are polynomial functions of $n$ nonnegative real variables $x_i$. Let the ...

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### Jacobian ideals reference

Suppose that $f : X \to V$ is a flat equidimensional (of dimension $h$) morphism of schemes of finite type and $V$ is excellent (or a variety) For this one can formulate something called the Jacobian ...

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### What is known about “singularity types” in the Murphy's Law sense?

In his "Murphy's Law" paper, Vakil gives a definition equivalent to the following:
The singularity type of a pointed scheme $(X,p)$ its equivalence class, under the following equivalence relation: ...

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### Real structure in the mixed Hodge structure associated to an isolated singularity

We know that a mixed Hodge structure on a complex vector space $H$ with an integral lattice $H_{\mathbb Z}$ consists of the weight filtration and the Hodge filtration. For an isolated hypersurface ...

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### $n$-Fold Framed Functions

Suppose that $M$ is a manifold. One can consider a suitably constructed space of generalized framed Morse functions on $M$, let's call it $\mathrm{Fun}^\mathrm{fr}(M)$. This space is known to be ...

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### Isolated singularities and tangent cones

Assume that I have an affine hypersurface $X =V(f)\subset \mathbb{C}^4$ of degree $d$ with an isolated singularity of multiplicity $m$ at the origin $o=(0,0,0,0)$. Let $$f:=f_m + f_{m+1}+ \cdots ...

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### Fixed point sets that carry topology

Let $M$ be a closed smooth manifold. A generic diffeomorphism $\phi: M\rightarrow M$ has non-degenerate fixed points, i.e. the intersections of its graph with the diagonal in $M\times M$ are all ...

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### References for resolutions of ordinary singular points

Let $X$ be a $n$-dimensional complex projective algebraic variety, let us suppose that $X$ has only isolated singularities.
Edit: Let us say that an ordinary $m$-ple singular point is an isolated ...

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### Hypersurfaces with Gorenstein singular loci

Recall that a hypersurface $D$ in a complex manifold $X$ is called a free divisor if the Lie algebroid $\mathcal{T}_X(-\log D)$ of vector fields tangent to $D$ is locally free. This condition is ...

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### on Neron defect of smoothness for groups schemes

Let $G$ a semisimple simply connected group over $\mathbb{C}$.
Let $\gamma\in G(\mathbb{C}[[t]])$ such that $\gamma$ is regular semisimple on $G(\mathbb{C}((t)))$.
We consider $I_{\gamma}$ the group ...

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### Blowing up a projective surface

Let $X$ be a smooth degree $d$ ($d>5$) surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. We now blow up $X$ at a point, embed it in some projective space, and and consider a projection of it into $\mathbb{P}^3$. The ...

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### Equivalence of Level Sets

Consider the zero level set of $f : \mathbb{R}^3 \to \mathbb{R}$, where $0$ is a regular value. Consider also the space of planes passing through the origin, i.e. $\mathbb{RP}^2$. For a fixed plane $P ...

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### Good covers on complex algebraic varieties with normal crossings singularities

Let $X$ be a topological space. A good cover on $X$ is an open cover such that all finite non-empty intersections are contractible. It is a theorem of Hironaka that (complex) algebraic sets admit ...

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### Sebastiani-Thom isomorphism for D-modules

Considering $f:X\to \mathbb{C}$, $g:X\to \mathbb{C}$ and $f\oplus g:(x,y)\mapsto f(x)+g(y)$.
The Sebastiani-Thom isomorphism is an isomorphism $\Phi_{f\oplus g}(M\boxtimes N) = \Phi_{f}(M) \otimes ...

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### generalization Abhyankar's lemma

This question is related to a question I already asked on MO (smooth quotient out of a singular variety?), but I realized later that the hypotheses where not precise enough in my former question.
Let ...

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### A strong form of implicit function theorem (what happens when the derivative is degenerate?)

(this can be considered as some ad)
Consider the system of equations $F(x,y)=0$. (Here $x$, $y$ are multi-variables. The equations are over a local ring. e.g. polynomial/analytic/formal/$C^\infty$ ...

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### geometric irregularities in pde's

The following question is intended for a person more acquainted with the works of Yves Laurent.
see: http://archive.numdam.org/article/ASENS_1987_4_20_3_391_0.pdf (French)
...

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### Lagrangean equations for the generating function of quadrangulations

Let $M(z)$ be the generating function of edge-rooted connected quadrangulations, with $z$ marking the number of edges. I derived the following Lagrangean equations for $M(z)$:
$$M(z) = ...

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### semicontinuity of the conductor defined by Temkin

We say a principal pair $(X,\mathcal{I})$ where $X=Spec(A)$ is affine scheme and $\mathcal{I}=\tilde{I}$ where $I\subset A$ is a principal ideal generated by $\pi$ wich is a non zero divisor.
For a ...

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### Stratification of a smooth map

So, this is an exercise. But from math.stackexchange I have been suggested to post this question here.
To find the Thom-Boardman stratification of the smooth map
...

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### Controlling singularities on log mmp

Suppose all my varieties are complex threefolds $X\rightarrow Y$ over some smooth base curve germ $Y$. We can assume the fibres are Del Pezzo surfaces with generic smooth fibre.
If I do (relative) ...

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### Are there ways to make low degree checks for enumerative formulas except for curves in CP^2?

This is a concrete question in Enumerative geometry. Let $S$ be a compact
complex surface and $L\rightarrow S$ a holomorphic line bundle. Let
$$ \delta_d = \text{dim}~ \mathbb{P}(H^0(S,L^d)) $$
...

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### Tangent cones to Severi strata

Let $\mathbb{C}[[x,y]]/f(x,y)$ be a reduced plane curve singularity. The base of a versal family can be taken to be (an open subset in) $\Lambda = \mathbb{C}[x,y]/(f,\partial_x f, \partial_y f)$; the ...

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### How would you call a variety that is locally a complete intersection up to defect c?

Let $X$ be an equidimensional variety of dimension $n$ over a field that can be covered by open subvarieties of certain intersections of $N-n$ hypersurfaces in $P^N$ (for a large enough $N$; we ...

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### on reductive monoids which are gorenstein

Let $M$ a reductive monoid, i.e. a integral normal affine scheme, which is a monoid whose group of units is a connected reductive group.
By Rittatore ...

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### Complexity of mappings (forms) in R. Thom's “Structural stability and morphogenesis”

In his "Structural stability and morphogenesis", R. Thom (especially in the chapter about dynamics of forms) among other things speculates about a notion of complexity of a "form" (mapping between ...

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### Presence of singular points in the trajectory of a double pendulum

Watching the trajectory of a double pendulum, I caught myself wondering if it would be possible to prove that the path the second pendulum makes contains "cusps" or singular points. Upon investigating ...

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### Three- dimensional astroid and catastrophe maps

Is a three-dimensional astroid curve $(2\cos^3u,2\sin^3u,3\cos2u)$ a part of a bifurcation set of some catastrophe map?

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### Blowdown and contraction

I am sorry, my question is very naive.
2nd Edit: Let us suppose that $V$ is a smooth complex projective variety, and $Y\subset V$ is a smooth divisor and has an ample conormal line bundle.
We would ...

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### cotangent complex for finite flat morphism and different ideal

Let a ring $A$, $F=A[X_{1},\dots X_{n}]$ and $B:= F/J$.
We suppose that we have a finite flat lci morphism $f:Spec(B)\rightarrow Spec(A)$.
To mesure the singularities of this map, Gabber-Ramero ...

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### Is it obvious that the defining conditions to obtain a particular singularity are well defined on the quotient space?

Let $~f:\mathbb{C}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be a holomorphic function
vanishing at the origin, with
the following properties:
$$ f_{00}, ~f_{10}, ~f_{01}, ~f_{20}, ~f_{11} =0,~~f_{20} \neq 0 ...

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### How do I check whether an orbifold admits deformations?

(Cross-post from math.stackexchange, where it has received no attention.)
Orbifolds $\mathbb{C}^2/\mathbb{Z}_n$, given by the action $(x, y) \mapsto (\zeta x, \zeta^{-1} y)$ with $\zeta$ a primitive ...

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### Smoothing of a hyperquotient singularity

Let $f$ be a polynomial in $k$ complex variables, and suppose the affine variety $V$ given by $f = 0$ has an isolated singularity at the origin, but is otherwise smooth. Now assume that some cyclic ...

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### Explicit Computations of Dynkin Diagrams of Isolated Singularities

Let $f$ be a complex polynomial with an isolated singularity at the origin. Take a Morse deformation $\tilde{f}$, and consider the braid group action on the set of distinguished bases of vanishing ...

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### Do deformations of isolated hypersurface singularity naturally induce deformations of their divisors?

Let $0 \in V =(f=0) \subset \mathbb{C}^{n+1}$ be an affine variety with an isolated hypersurface singularity at the origin for $n \ge 3$.
Let $0 \in D=(x=f=0) \subset V$ be a divisor with only ...

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### When does the smoothing of projectivized tangent cone lift to a deformation of a space?

Let $(X,0)\subset(\mathbb{C}^N,0)$ be the (formal) germ of a singular space (isolated singularity). Let $\mathbb{P}T_{(X,0)}\subset\mathbb{P}^{N-1}$ be its projectivized tangent cone (considered as a ...

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### Disturbing regular level submanifold of a smooth function

Let $a$ be a regular value of a smooth function on a closed manifold and $\{f=a\}$ a corresponding level submanifold. It is known that any such function can be approximated by a Morse function $g$. ...

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### When can one find holomorphic sections vanishing at a point to a certain order?

Let $X$ be a compact complex manifold (say of dimension $2$) and $L \rightarrow X $ a holomorphic line bundle. Consider the following statements:
Statement $A_0$: Given any point $p\in X$, there ...

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### Conifold singularities on the mirror quintic

It is well-known that conifold transitions go in the reversed direction under mirror symmetry. My question is, what is the mirror picture of a degeneration of the generic quintic CY3 to the one ...

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### on lifting elements in a tangent space

Let X a normal integral scheme over a base field scheme, assumedd to be singular and an integer $n$
Let $\mathcal{O}=k[[t]]$, we consider the arc space $X(\mathcal{O})$ which is a $k$- pro-scheme and ...

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### A question on a toric singularity

Recently I was told that the threefold singularity
$$
x^2+y^2+z^2+w^{2n}=0
$$
in $\mathbb{C}^4$ is a toric variety. How can I see this? What are the generators of the toric fan? Moreover, is it true ...

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### Depth of conormal sheaf of a quotient singularity in a smooth variety

Let $U= \mathbb{C}^n/ \mathbb{Z}_r$ be a cyclic quotient singularity by the finite cyclic group $\mathbb{Z}_r$ of order $r$.
Assume that the group action is free outside a closed subset $Z \subset ...