The singularity-theory tag has no usage guidance.

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### Characterization of Singular locus

Let A be a complete regular local ring over a field k and B be a complete normal local ring over a field k. We assume that (Krull-dimension of A) > 1.
We consider the ring homomorphism f: A ---> B, ...

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### Valuation of an ideal in a two-dimensional regular local ring

Let $f,g$ be two coprime elements in the ring $K[[x,y]]$, with $K$ a field.
What is the smallest integer $n$ such that the inclusion of ideals $$(x^n)\subset (f,g)$$ holds in $K[[x,y]]$? Can we ...

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### Analytical formula for topological degree

At the first page of the following article http://arxiv.org/pdf/1004.1018v1.pdf [edit: the formula on the arXiv differs from the formula in the published paper, and the formula displayed below is the ...

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### Infinitesimal deformations of a singular projective surface

Let $X$ be a normal projective surface with just two singular points $x_1,x_2\in X$, where $X$ has rational quotient singularities.
Assume that both the singularities in $x_1$ and in $x_2$ admit a ...

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### Framed singular knots

I've recently run across what one might (and I suspect people probably do) call framed singular knots, or maybe singular ribbon knots. Regardless of the name, what I mean is the following: Let $D$ be ...

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### Singularities of the product of a $(\mathbb{C}^*)$-surface with $\mathbb{C}$

Recall that any normal $\mathbb{C}^*$-surface is Cohen-Macaulay
and there exists normal $\mathbb{C}^*$-surfaces whose
singularities are not rational.
Does anyone know an example of a normal ...

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### Is there any explicit result on the triangulated category of singularities of a curve?

This question is related to this MO question.
Let $X$ be a projective curve over a field $\mathbb{C}$. We have the bounded derived category of coherent sheaves $D^b_{coh}(X)$ and the derived category ...

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### Singularities of an analytic function over a non-archimedean field

What do we know about the types of singularities that a convergent power series over a non-archimedean field can have?
More specifically:
i) What types of essential singularities can occur?
ii) Are ...

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### Cohen-Macaulayness of the direct image of the canonical sheaf

Let $Y$ be a normal projective variety and let $f:X\to Y$ be a desingularization. Define $\mathcal K_X=f_*\omega_X$, the Grauert--Riemenschneider canonical sheaf of $X$. It is independent of the ...

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### the blowing up of a plane curve playing me tricks.

Sorry for the easy question but this is driving me crazy. Consider the blowing up of the curve $(y^2-x^3)^2+y^5$ at the origin.
On the first blowing up, on the chart that intersects the exceptional ...

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### minimal resolution of singularities

What is the minimal resolution of singularities of the surface
$S^2(X^3+Y^3+Z^3)-3(S^2+T^2)XYZ=0$ which is a subset of $\mathbb{P}^1\times\mathbb{P}^2$
Please note that in this equation ...

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### $\mathbb{Q}$-factoriality of singularities

I would like to understand if a certain variety is $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial (i.e., if every Weil divisor $D$ has a multiple $mD$ that is Cartier). This property can be deduced by a local picture around ...

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### Analytically but not algebraically smoothable singularity

Are there examples of algebraic singularities which may be smoothed analytically but not algebraically? It certainly seems possible, but if not, why? Are there conditions under which this becomes ...

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### Hochster-Roberts Theorem reciprocal

Given a Cohen-Macaulay ring $R$ over a field of characteristic zero and $G$
a reductive algebraic group acting on $R$, then the ring of ivanriants $R^G$
is also Cohen-Macaulay. This is known as ...

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### Implicit Function Theorem on Singular Varieties

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two complex reduced affine algebraic or analytic varieties, possibly singular. Take a regular proper function
$$f\colon X \to Y $$
and assume that it is bijective at the level of ...

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### normality of truncated arc space

Let $X=Spec(A)$, with $A$ a normal $k$-algebra of finite type, $k$ is a field.
For any integer $n$, let $X(k[t]/(t^{n}))$ the $n$-th truncated arc space, is it also normal?
Same question for ...

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### “Arithmetic genus” of a plane curve singularity.

I believe that the following questions are very basic, but I don't know how to get a reference.
Consider a curve in the plane $C\in \mathbb C^2$ with a singularity at $0$ and suppose it is
...

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### Is there a formula for the number of rational cuspidal curves in surfaces other than P^2?

Let $M$ be a two dimensional compact complex manifold and $A \in H_2(M, \mathbb{Z})$
a fixed homology class. Define a rational curve in $M$ to be $\textit{1-cuspidal}$ if the singularities of the ...

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### Implicit function theorem for singularities

I am looking for an implicit function theorem which holds also on singular spaces, at least if the singularities are "mild".
For example, let $0 = z^2 - x y + z w + w^2 + \epsilon w$ define a ...

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### Hypersurface with singularities

I heard once about one open problem. That was about existing a hypersurface of a small degree (5? or 6?) passing through some number (5? 6?) of 3-fold points and 2-fold lines (3 lines?).
It was said ...

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### How to understand/analyze vanishing cycles and fibers of 6 dimensional Lefschetz fibration?

Say you have a polynomial $f(x,y,z,m)=x^3+y^3+z^3+m^3$ where $x,y,z,m \in \mathbb{C}$. Consider the Lefschetz fibration from $\{f=\mu\} \cap \{ |m|\leq \delta \}$ to $m$ for suitably small $\mu$ and ...

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### Global topological equivalence of Morse functions

Two Morse functions $f$ and $g$ are called topologicaly equivalent if there are diffeomorphism $h$ of the source and orientational-preserving diffeomorphism $k$ of the target such that $f=k\circ ...

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### About 3-fold log canonical singularity

As far as I know, log canonical surface singularities were classified. How about higher dimensional case?
I especially want to know whether given 3-fold singularity is log canonical or not.
Let $f$ ...

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### projective map from $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n}$

Suppose I have a morphism $f:\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n} \to \mathbb{P}^N$ birational onto its image, and I know exactly what $F$-curves are contracted (or "dually", what divisors are contracted). ...

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### When is a smooth function locally equivalent to a truncation of its Taylor series?

Let $U \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be an open set and let $f:U \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth proper function. For $p \in \mathbb{R}^n$ let
$$T_p(x_1,\ldots,x_n) = \sum_{i_1,\ldots,i_n=0}^{\infty} ...

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### Poll about your proof of resolution of singularities and a request for advice

The questions first: What is the proof of resolution of singularities that you know?
Why am I asking?: There are a number of proofs of resolution of singularities of varieties over a field of ...

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### Disturbing regular level submanifold of a smooth function

Let $a$ be a regular value of a smooth function on a closed manifold and $\{f=a\}$ a corresponding level submanifold. It is known that any such function can be approximated by a Morse function $g$. ...

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### How would you call a variety that is locally a complete intersection up to defect c?

Let $X$ be an equidimensional variety of dimension $n$ over a field that can be covered by open subvarieties of certain intersections of $N-n$ hypersurfaces in $P^N$ (for a large enough $N$; we ...

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### Bertini's Theorem

Let $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^{N}$ be general points. Consider the linear system $|L|$ of hypersurfaces of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{P}^{N}$ with prescribed multiplicities $m_1,...,m_n$ at $p_1,...,p_n$. ...

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### Number of singular fibers in families of hypersurfaces

Consider the projection map
$$\pi: X = V(t_0 f + t_1 gh) \to \mathbf P^1,$$
where $[t_0: t_1]$ are the homogeneous coordinates on $\mathbf P^1$, $f=f(x_0, \dots, x_n)$ is a homogeneous polynomial of ...

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### A condition on isolated singularity

Suppose $F: {\mathbb C}^N \to {\mathbb C}$ defines a singularity at the origin (for simplicity one can assume that $F$ is a quasi-homogeneous polynomial). Suppose it is nondegenerate, i.e., $dF(z) = ...

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### $n$-Fold Framed Functions

Suppose that $M$ is a manifold. One can consider a suitably constructed space of generalized framed Morse functions on $M$, let's call it $\mathrm{Fun}^\mathrm{fr}(M)$. This space is known to be ...

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### When can one find holomorphic sections vanishing at a point to a certain order?

Let $X$ be a compact complex manifold (say of dimension $2$) and $L \rightarrow X $ a holomorphic line bundle. Consider the following statements:
Statement $A_0$: Given any point $p\in X$, there ...

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### Real structure in the mixed Hodge structure associated to an isolated singularity

We know that a mixed Hodge structure on a complex vector space $H$ with an integral lattice $H_{\mathbb Z}$ consists of the weight filtration and the Hodge filtration. For an isolated hypersurface ...

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### Obtaining non-normal varieties by pushout

In his answer to this MO question, Karl Schwede claimed that every non-normal variety can be obtained by an appropriate pushout diagram, as sketched in that answer. This would give substance to the ...

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### Conifold singularities on the mirror quintic

It is well-known that conifold transitions go in the reversed direction under mirror symmetry. My question is, what is the mirror picture of a degeneration of the generic quintic CY3 to the one ...

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### How can one determine if a singularity is simple?

Let $f(z_1,z_2,\dots ,z_n)$ be an analytic function in $\mathbb{C}[[z_1,z_2,\dots ,z_n]]$ whose leading term defines an isolated singularity at the origin.
If we have the following types of ...

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### Singularities induced by the toric ambient spaces

Let $\Delta \subset \mathbb{R}^4$ be a (reflexive) polytope and $X$ be the hypersurfacedefined by a generic section of the any-canonical bundle of the toric variety $\mathbb{P}_{\Delta}$. Are there ...

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### Discriminant of a polynomial in two variables

I want to compute the discriminant of the following polynomial
$$
F(X,Y)=X^mY^n+\sum_{i=0}^{m-1}\sum_{j=0}^{n-1}c_{ij}X^iY^j.
$$
Here the discriminate means the equation $D(c_{i,j})$ in the variables ...

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### on lifting elements in a tangent space

Let X a normal integral scheme over a base field scheme, assumedd to be singular and an integer $n$
Let $\mathcal{O}=k[[t]]$, we consider the arc space $X(\mathcal{O})$ which is a $k$- pro-scheme and ...

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### Higher Cerf Theory

Morse functions on a manifold $M$ are defined as smooth maps $f:M \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, such that at the critical points we can find local coordinates so that ...

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### A question on a toric singularity

Recently I was told that the threefold singularity
$$
x^2+y^2+z^2+w^{2n}=0
$$
in $\mathbb{C}^4$ is a toric variety. How can I see this? What are the generators of the toric fan? Moreover, is it true ...

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### Contracting a rational curve in a Calabi-Yau threefold

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau threefold and $C \subset X$ be a rational curve with $N_{C/X}\cong \mathcal{O}\oplus \mathcal{O}(-2)$. Can one contract the curve $C$? Assuming the answer is yes, what kind of ...

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### Singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (an algebraic point of view)

I will start the story by the end:
Is there some characterization of (some of) the singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (canonical, terminal, log-...) in terms of commutative algebra ...

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### Singular points of algebraic varieties and parametrization by Puiseux series

Let $V\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ (or $\mathbb{C}^n$ if that makes anything easier) be an algebraic variety and $p\in V$ a possibly singular point. Let $U\subset V$ be a sufficiently small neighborhood of ...

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### Linearization instability and singular points of algebraic varieties

In a well known 1973 paper, Fischer and Marsden pointed out (with similar, contemporary remarks made in the physics literature by Brill and Deser) that the space of solutions of some non-linear ...

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### on reductive monoids which are gorenstein

Let $M$ a reductive monoid, i.e. a integral normal affine scheme, which is a monoid whose group of units is a connected reductive group.
By Rittatore ...

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### Complement of bifurcation variety

I am reading a seminal paper of Arnold "Normal forms of functions near degenerate critical points, the Weyl group of $A_k$, $D_k$, $E_k$ and lagrangian singularities".
Let $f\colon \mathbb{C}^n\to ...

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### Giant Rat of Sumatra singularity

I would be grateful for explanations of the issues raised in any
of these three questions, or pointers to the relevant literature
(now updated with answers):
How did a particular singularity come ...

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### Picard group generated by effective divisors: counterexample?

Let $X$ be an integral variety defined over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic 0 with finitely generated Picard group $Pic(X)$ and such that $k[X]^\times=k^\times$ (i.e. the only ...