The singularity-theory tag has no wiki summary.

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### Implicit Function Theorem on Singular Varieties

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two complex reduced affine algebraic or analytic varieties, possibly singular. Take a regular proper function
$$f\colon X \to Y $$
and assume that it is bijective at the level of ...

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### normality of truncated arc space

Let $X=Spec(A)$, with $A$ a normal $k$-algebra of finite type, $k$ is a field.
For any integer $n$, let $X(k[t]/(t^{n}))$ the $n$-th truncated arc space, is it also normal?
Same question for ...

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878 views

### “Arithmetic genus” of a plane curve singularity.

I believe that the following questions are very basic, but I don't know how to get a reference.
Consider a curve in the plane $C\in \mathbb C^2$ with a singularity at $0$ and suppose it is
...

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**1**answer

220 views

### Valuation of an ideal in a two-dimensional regular local ring

Let $f,g$ be two coprime elements in the ring $K[[x,y]]$, with $K$ a field.
What is the smallest integer $n$ such that the inclusion of ideals $$(x^n)\subset (f,g)$$ holds in $K[[x,y]]$? Can we ...

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156 views

### Is there a formula for the number of rational cuspidal curves in surfaces other than P^2?

Let $M$ be a two dimensional compact complex manifold and $A \in H_2(M, \mathbb{Z})$
a fixed homology class. Define a rational curve in $M$ to be $\textit{1-cuspidal}$ if the singularities of the ...

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92 views

### Implicit function theorem for singularities

I am looking for an implicit function theorem which holds also on singular spaces, at least if the singularities are "mild".
For example, let $0 = z^2 - x y + z w + w^2 + \epsilon w$ define a ...

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180 views

### Hypersurface with singularities

I heard once about one open problem. That was about existing a hypersurface of a small degree (5? or 6?) passing through some number (5? 6?) of 3-fold points and 2-fold lines (3 lines?).
It was said ...

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64 views

### How to understand/analyze vanishing cycles and fibers of 6 dimensional Lefschetz fibration?

Say you have a polynomial $f(x,y,z,m)=x^3+y^3+z^3+m^3$ where $x,y,z,m \in \mathbb{C}$. Consider the Lefschetz fibration from $\{f=\mu\} \cap \{ |m|\leq \delta \}$ to $m$ for suitably small $\mu$ and ...

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### Global topological equivalence of Morse functions

Two Morse functions $f$ and $g$ are called topologicaly equivalent if there are diffeomorphism $h$ of the source and orientational-preserving diffeomorphism $k$ of the target such that $f=k\circ ...

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78 views

### About 3-fold log canonical singularity

As far as I know, log canonical surface singularities were classified. How about higher dimensional case?
I especially want to know whether given 3-fold singularity is log canonical or not.
Let $f$ ...

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163 views

### projective map from $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n}$

Suppose I have a morphism $f:\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n} \to \mathbb{P}^N$ birational onto its image, and I know exactly what $F$-curves are contracted (or "dually", what divisors are contracted). ...

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72 views

### When is a smooth function locally equivalent to a truncation of its Taylor series?

Let $U \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be an open set and let $f:U \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth proper function. For $p \in \mathbb{R}^n$ let
$$T_p(x_1,\ldots,x_n) = \sum_{i_1,\ldots,i_n=0}^{\infty} ...

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730 views

### Poll about your proof of resolution of singularities and a request for advice

The questions first: What is the proof of resolution of singularities that you know?
Why am I asking?: There are a number of proofs of resolution of singularities of varieties over a field of ...

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41 views

### Disturbing regular level submanifold of a smooth function

Let $a$ be a regular value of a smooth function on a closed manifold and $\{f=a\}$ a corresponding level submanifold. It is known that any such function can be approximated by a Morse function $g$. ...

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### How would you call a variety that is locally a complete intersection up to defect c?

Let $X$ be an equidimensional variety of dimension $n$ over a field that can be covered by open subvarieties of certain intersections of $N-n$ hypersurfaces in $P^N$ (for a large enough $N$; we ...

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### Bertini's Theorem

Let $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^{N}$ be general points. Consider the linear system $|L|$ of hypersurfaces of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{P}^{N}$ with prescribed multiplicities $m_1,...,m_n$ at $p_1,...,p_n$. ...

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167 views

### Number of singular fibers in families of hypersurfaces

Consider the projection map
$$\pi: X = V(t_0 f + t_1 gh) \to \mathbf P^1,$$
where $[t_0: t_1]$ are the homogeneous coordinates on $\mathbf P^1$, $f=f(x_0, \dots, x_n)$ is a homogeneous polynomial of ...

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169 views

### A condition on isolated singularity

Suppose $F: {\mathbb C}^N \to {\mathbb C}$ defines a singularity at the origin (for simplicity one can assume that $F$ is a quasi-homogeneous polynomial). Suppose it is nondegenerate, i.e., $dF(z) = ...

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### $n$-Fold Framed Functions

Suppose that $M$ is a manifold. One can consider a suitably constructed space of generalized framed Morse functions on $M$, let's call it $\mathrm{Fun}^\mathrm{fr}(M)$. This space is known to be ...

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106 views

### When can one find holomorphic sections vanishing at a point to a certain order?

Let $X$ be a compact complex manifold (say of dimension $2$) and $L \rightarrow X $ a holomorphic line bundle. Consider the following statements:
Statement $A_0$: Given any point $p\in X$, there ...

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98 views

### Real structure in the mixed Hodge structure associated to an isolated singularity

We know that a mixed Hodge structure on a complex vector space $H$ with an integral lattice $H_{\mathbb Z}$ consists of the weight filtration and the Hodge filtration. For an isolated hypersurface ...

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### Obtaining non-normal varieties by pushout

In his answer to this MO question, Karl Schwede claimed that every non-normal variety can be obtained by an appropriate pushout diagram, as sketched in that answer. This would give substance to the ...

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### Conifold singularities on the mirror quintic

It is well-known that conifold transitions go in the reversed direction under mirror symmetry. My question is, what is the mirror picture of a degeneration of the generic quintic CY3 to the one ...

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### How can one determine if a singularity is simple?

Let $f(z_1,z_2,\dots ,z_n)$ be an analytic function in $\mathbb{C}[[z_1,z_2,\dots ,z_n]]$ whose leading term defines an isolated singularity at the origin.
If we have the following types of ...

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### Singularities induced by the toric ambient spaces

Let $\Delta \subset \mathbb{R}^4$ be a (reflexive) polytope and $X$ be the hypersurfacedefined by a generic section of the any-canonical bundle of the toric variety $\mathbb{P}_{\Delta}$. Are there ...

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171 views

### Discriminant of a polynomial in two variables

I want to compute the discriminant of the following polynomial
$$
F(X,Y)=X^mY^n+\sum_{i=0}^{m-1}\sum_{j=0}^{n-1}c_{ij}X^iY^j.
$$
Here the discriminate means the equation $D(c_{i,j})$ in the variables ...

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68 views

### on lifting elements in a tangent space

Let X a normal integral scheme over a base field scheme, assumedd to be singular and an integer $n$
Let $\mathcal{O}=k[[t]]$, we consider the arc space $X(\mathcal{O})$ which is a $k$- pro-scheme and ...

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### Higher Cerf Theory

Morse functions on a manifold $M$ are defined as smooth maps $f:M \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, such that at the critical points we can find local coordinates so that ...

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120 views

### A question on a toric singularity

Recently I was told that the threefold singularity
$$
x^2+y^2+z^2+w^{2n}=0
$$
in $\mathbb{C}^4$ is a toric variety. How can I see this? What are the generators of the toric fan? Moreover, is it true ...

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### Contracting a rational curve in a Calabi-Yau threefold

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau threefold and $C \subset X$ be a rational curve with $N_{C/X}\cong \mathcal{O}\oplus \mathcal{O}(-2)$. Can one contract the curve $C$? Assuming the answer is yes, what kind of ...

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### Singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (an algebraic point of view)

I will start the story by the end:
Is there some characterization of (some of) the singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (canonical, terminal, log-...) in terms of commutative algebra ...

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328 views

### Singular points of algebraic varieties and parametrization by Puiseux series

Let $V\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ (or $\mathbb{C}^n$ if that makes anything easier) be an algebraic variety and $p\in V$ a possibly singular point. Let $U\subset V$ be a sufficiently small neighborhood of ...

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### Linearization instability and singular points of algebraic varieties

In a well known 1973 paper, Fischer and Marsden pointed out (with similar, contemporary remarks made in the physics literature by Brill and Deser) that the space of solutions of some non-linear ...

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### on reductive monoids which are gorenstein

Let $M$ a reductive monoid, i.e. a integral normal affine scheme, which is a monoid whose group of units is a connected reductive group.
By Rittatore ...

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### Complement of bifurcation variety

I am reading a seminal paper of Arnold "Normal forms of functions near degenerate critical points, the Weyl group of $A_k$, $D_k$, $E_k$ and lagrangian singularities".
Let $f\colon \mathbb{C}^n\to ...

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### Giant Rat of Sumatra singularity

I would be grateful for explanations of the issues raised in any
of these three questions, or pointers to the relevant literature
(now updated with answers):
How did a particular singularity come ...

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256 views

### Picard group generated by effective divisors: counterexample?

Let $X$ be an integral variety defined over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic 0 with finitely generated Picard group $Pic(X)$ and such that $k[X]^\times=k^\times$ (i.e. the only ...

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### Complexity of mappings (forms) in R. Thom's “Structural stability and morphogenesis”

In his "Structural stability and morphogenesis", R. Thom (especially in the chapter about dynamics of forms) among other things speculates about a notion of complexity of a "form" (mapping between ...

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133 views

### generalization Abhyankar's lemma

This question is related to a question I already asked on MO (smooth quotient out of a singular variety?), but I realized later that the hypotheses where not precise enough in my former question.
Let ...

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260 views

### smooth quotient out of a singular variety?

If $X$ is a smooth quasi-projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and $G$ is a finite group acting faithfully on $X$, then the Shepard-Todd theorem gives us some criterion for $X/G$ to be smooth.
My ...

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### A geometric characterization of smooth points of a complex algebraic variety

Let $X^m\subset \mathbb{C}^n$ be an irreducible $m$-dimensional complex algebraic subvariety. Let $\mathbb{C}^n$ be equipped with the standard Hermitian metric.
Fix an arbitrary point $p\in X$. Let ...

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133 views

### Castelnuovo's rationality criterion on singular surfaces?

Let $S$ be a projective surface over an algebraically closed field. Suppose that $q(S)=h^1(\mathcal O_S)=0$ and $P_2(S)=h^0(\mathcal O_S(2K_S))=0$. If $S$ is smooth, Castelnuovo's rationality ...

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### A strong form of implicit function theorem (what happens when the derivative is degenerate?)

(this can be considered as some ad)
Consider the system of equations $F(x,y)=0$. (Here $x$, $y$ are multi-variables. The equations are over a local ring. e.g. polynomial/analytic/formal/$C^\infty$ ...

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### Depth of conormal sheaf of a quotient singularity in a smooth variety

Let $U= \mathbb{C}^n/ \mathbb{Z}_r$ be a cyclic quotient singularity by the finite cyclic group $\mathbb{Z}_r$ of order $r$.
Assume that the group action is free outside a closed subset $Z \subset ...

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### Applications for knowing the singularities parametrized by the boundary of a moduli space

Given a moduli space $M$ of some smooth algebraic geometric object such as curves, surfaces, etc. Let $\overline{M}$ be a compactification of $M$. Then, $\overline{M}\setminus M$ introduces ...

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### Varieties with big anti-canonical divisor

I recently heard about the following problem:
Let $X$ be a projective variety with klt singularities and such that $-K_X$ is big. Is $X$ a Mori Dream Space ?
Now, $-K_X$ big if and only if $-K_X ...

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### Good covers on complex algebraic varieties with normal crossings singularities

Let $X$ be a topological space. A good cover on $X$ is an open cover such that all finite non-empty intersections are contractible. It is a theorem of Hironaka that (complex) algebraic sets admit ...

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### Birational contraction to a $\mathbb{Q}$-Gorenstein Variety

Given a birational contraction morphism $X\rightarrow Y$
of complex normal algebraic varieties.
If $Y$ is a smooth variety, what kind of singularities can appear
on $X$?
I would be grateful of any ...

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### Intrinsically proving a singularity is rational

In general, how to prove a variety has rational singularities intrinsically? i.e., don't use the Artin's criterion concerning the exceptional locus. And what kinds of varieties have only rational ...

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### The singularity of the algebraic stack and the singularity of the coarse moduli space

It is possible that an algebraic stack is smooth while the coarse moduli space is not smooth. I want to know what is relationship between the singularity of the algebraic stack and that of its coarse ...