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5
votes
2answers
142 views

Contracting a rational curve in a Calabi-Yau threeolfd

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau threefold and $C \subset X$ be a rational curve with $N_{C/X}\cong \mathcal{O}\oplus \mathcal{O}(-2)$. Can one contract the curve $C$? Assuming the answer is yes, what kind of ...
6
votes
0answers
218 views

Singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (an algebraic point of view)

I will start the story by the end: Is there some characterization of (some of) the singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (canonical, terminal, log-...) in terms of commutative algebra ...
5
votes
2answers
261 views

Singular points of algebraic varieties and parametrization by Puiseux series

Let $V\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ (or $\mathbb{C}^n$ if that makes anything easier) be an algebraic variety and $p\in V$ a possibly singular point. Let $U\subset V$ be a sufficiently small neighborhood of ...
7
votes
1answer
280 views

Linearization instability and singular points of algebraic varieties

In a well known 1973 paper, Fischer and Marsden pointed out (with similar, contemporary remarks made in the physics literature by Brill and Deser) that the space of solutions of some non-linear ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

on reductive monoids which are gorenstein

Let $M$ a reductive monoid, i.e. a integral normal affine scheme, which is a monoid whose group of units is a connected reductive group. By Rittatore ...
1
vote
1answer
96 views

Complement of bifurcation variety

I am reading a seminal paper of Arnold "Normal forms of functions near degenerate critical points, the Weyl group of $A_k$, $D_k$, $E_k$ and lagrangian singularities". Let $f\colon \mathbb{C}^n\to ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

Giant Rat of Sumatra singularity

I would be grateful for explanations of the issues raised in any of these three questions, or pointers to the relevant literature (now updated with answers): How did a particular singularity come ...
6
votes
1answer
250 views

Picard group generated by effective divisors: counterexample?

Let $X$ be an integral variety defined over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic 0 with finitely generated Picard group $Pic(X)$ and such that $k[X]^\times=k^\times$ (i.e. the only ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Complexity of mappings (forms) in R. Thom's “Structural stability and morphogenesis”

In his "Structural stability and morphogenesis", R. Thom (especially in the chapter about dynamics of forms) among other things speculates about a notion of complexity of a "form" (mapping between ...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

generalization Abhyankar's lemma

This question is related to a question I already asked on MO (smooth quotient out of a singular variety?), but I realized later that the hypotheses where not precise enough in my former question. Let ...
1
vote
1answer
206 views

smooth quotient out of a singular variety?

If $X$ is a smooth quasi-projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and $G$ is a finite group acting faithfully on $X$, then the Shepard-Todd theorem gives us some criterion for $X/G$ to be smooth. My ...
5
votes
1answer
256 views

A geometric characterization of smooth points of a complex algebraic variety

Let $X^m\subset \mathbb{C}^n$ be an irreducible $m$-dimensional complex algebraic subvariety. Let $\mathbb{C}^n$ be equipped with the standard Hermitian metric. Fix an arbitrary point $p\in X$. Let ...
4
votes
1answer
124 views

Castelnuovo's rationality criterion on singular surfaces?

Let $S$ be a projective surface over an algebraically closed field. Suppose that $q(S)=h^1(\mathcal O_S)=0$ and $P_2(S)=h^0(\mathcal O_S(2K_S))=0$. If $S$ is smooth, Castelnuovo's rationality ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

A strong form of implicit function theorem (what happens when the derivative is degenerate?)

(this can be considered as some ad) Consider the system of equations $F(x,y)=0$. (Here $x$, $y$ are multi-variables. The equations are over a local ring. e.g. polynomial/analytic/formal/$C^\infty$ ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Depth of conormal sheaf of a quotient singularity in a smooth variety

Let $U= \mathbb{C}^n/ \mathbb{Z}_r$ be a cyclic quotient singularity by the finite cyclic group $\mathbb{Z}_r$ of order $r$. Assume that the group action is free outside a closed subset $Z \subset ...
8
votes
3answers
387 views

Applications for knowing the singularities parametrized by the boundary of a moduli space

Given a moduli space $M$ of some smooth algebraic geometric object such as curves, surfaces, etc. Let $\overline{M}$ be a compactification of $M$. Then, $\overline{M}\setminus M$ introduces ...
4
votes
2answers
225 views

Varieties with big anti-canonical divisor

I recently heard about the following problem: Let $X$ be a projective variety with klt singularities and such that $-K_X$ is big. Is $X$ a Mori Dream Space ? Now, $-K_X$ big if and only if $-K_X ...
5
votes
1answer
384 views

Bertini's Theorem

Let $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^{N}$ be general points. Consider the linear system $|L|$ of hypersurfaces of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{P}^{N}$ with prescribed multiplicities $m_1,...,m_n$ at $p_1,...,p_n$. ...
3
votes
0answers
199 views

Good covers on complex algebraic varieties with normal crossings singularities

Let $X$ be a topological space. A good cover on $X$ is an open cover such that all finite non-empty intersections are contractible. It is a theorem of Hironaka that (complex) algebraic sets admit ...
0
votes
0answers
70 views

Birational contraction to a $\mathbb{Q}$-Gorenstein Variety

Given a birational contraction morphism $X\rightarrow Y$ of complex normal algebraic varieties. If $Y$ is a smooth variety, what kind of singularities can appear on $X$? I would be grateful of any ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Intrinsically proving a singularity is rational

In general, how to prove a variety has rational singularities intrinsically? i.e., don't use the Artin's criterion concerning the exceptional locus. And what kinds of varieties have only rational ...
5
votes
1answer
196 views

The singularity of the algebraic stack and the singularity of the coarse moduli space

It is possible that an algebraic stack is smooth while the coarse moduli space is not smooth. I want to know what is relationship between the singularity of the algebraic stack and that of its coarse ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Simple example of isolated critical point with non-semisimple monodromy

Consider a polynomial map $f :\mathbb{C}^{n+1} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ with $f(0)=0$ (no constant term) and with isolated critical point at $0 \in \mathbb{C}^{n+1}$. We can choose a disc $D$ of some ...
2
votes
2answers
256 views

Bounds for the milnor number of a hypersurface singularity

I am having a hard time in finding an upper bound in terms of the degree and the dimension for the Milnor number of an isolated hypersurface singularity. I am mostly interested in surfaces on the ...
5
votes
2answers
822 views

Places to learn about Landau-Ginzburg models

Here is what I know about Landau-Ginzburg models: It is an important player in the story of mirror symmetry. It involves "potentials" which are functions of complex varibles, which have isolated ...
6
votes
1answer
254 views

Iterated Milnor fibrations and Thom's a_f condition

Ok so there's a lot of litterature about nearby cycles functor since it was introduced by Grothendieck and Deligne but I couldn't find any clear answer to the following natural question: Problem: Let ...
2
votes
1answer
389 views

Topological degree and polynomial degree

Let $F:\mathbb{C}^n\to \mathbb{C}^n$ be a homeomorphism homogeneous of degree 1 (i.e., $F(tx)=tF(x)$, $t>0$) and $g:\mathbb{C}^n\to \mathbb{C}$ a homogeneous polynomial of degree $k$. Let $L$ ...
3
votes
2answers
207 views

Which isolated surface singularity comes from a -5 curve?

Define the surface $X$ to be the total space of $\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^1}(-5)$. By contracting the exceptional curve in $X$, we get a surface with an isolated singularity. I am looking for the ...
2
votes
1answer
204 views

fearful of defining equivalent germs for non isolated singularities

Two power series $G(x_1, \ldots, x_n)$ and $F(x_1, \ldots, x_n)$ are equivalent over $\mathbb{C}$ if there is an automorphism of the ring $\mathbb{C}[[x_1, \ldots, x_n]]$ given by $x_1 \to \phi(x_1, ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

Analytic vector fields on surfaces which have infinite number of singularities

Let $X$ be an analytic vector field on a compact oriantable surface $S$ with volume form $\omega$. We denote the set of its singularities by $Z(X)$. A local question Is there an analytic vector ...
1
vote
0answers
302 views

Presence of singular points in the trajectory of a double pendulum

Watching the trajectory of a double pendulum, I caught myself wondering if it would be possible to prove that the path the second pendulum makes contains "cusps" or singular points. Upon investigating ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Three- dimensional astroid and catastrophe maps

Is a three-dimensional astroid curve $(2\cos^3u,2\sin^3u,3\cos2u)$ a part of a bifurcation set of some catastrophe map?
4
votes
1answer
326 views

Ordinary n-uple Points and Resolution of Singularities on a Surface

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety over some algebraically closed field $\Bbbk$ and let us assume $\dim(X)=2$, i.e. $X$ is an algebraic surface. First, I would like to know the definition of an ordinary ...
1
vote
0answers
212 views

Blowdown and contraction

I am sorry, my question is very naive. 2nd Edit: Let us suppose that $V$ is a smooth complex projective variety, and $Y\subset V$ is a smooth divisor and has an ample conormal line bundle. We would ...
6
votes
1answer
96 views

Properties of singularities that are preserved by categorical quotients

Let $G$ be a reductive group acting on an affine singular variety $X$, and let $X/G$ be the categorical quotient. I know that if $X$ has rational singularities, then so does $X/G$ ...
1
vote
0answers
186 views

Do deformations of isolated hypersurface singularity naturally induce deformations of their divisors?

Let $0 \in V =(f=0) \subset \mathbb{C}^{n+1}$ be an affine variety with an isolated hypersurface singularity at the origin for $n \ge 3$. Let $0 \in D=(x=f=0) \subset V$ be a divisor with only ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Discriminant set and Bifurcation set

the discriminant set of an n-dimensional versal unfolding of an $A_k$ singularity, and the bifurcation set of an n -dimensional versal unfolding of an $A_{k+1}$, (potential type) singularity are ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Determining the desingularization from the complete local ring

Suppose I have a curve $C$ over a field $k$ and that $p$ is a singular point of $C$. Let $f : X \to C$ be the desingularization of $C$ at $p$. Then for each $s \in f^{-1}(p)$ we have a map of local ...
3
votes
2answers
220 views

Cohomology of the tangent sheaf of $\mathbb{P}(1,2,3)$

Using the exact sequence $$0\mapsto\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^{2}}\rightarrow\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^{2}}(1)^{\oplus 3}\rightarrow T_{\mathbb{P}^{2}}\mapsto 0$$ it is easy to compute ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

geometric irregularities in pde's

The following question is intended for a person more acquainted with the works of Yves Laurent. see: http://archive.numdam.org/article/ASENS_1987_4_20_3_391_0.pdf (French) ...
3
votes
1answer
258 views

For what varieties do we have results on the category of singularities?

Let $X$ be a singular variety. Define the (triangulated) category of singularities (as in Orlov's paper) as the Verdier quotient of the derived category of coherent sheaves on $X$ modulo the full ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

Deformations of quotient singularities

Let $Y$ be an affine scheme over a field of characteristic zero. Suppose we have a group $G$ acting on $Y$ and that the subset of $Y$ of points with non-trivial stabilizer is in codimension greater or ...
5
votes
1answer
199 views

Relation between Milnor ring and middle dimensional homology of hypersurface

I have suspected that the following is well-known: If $P$ is a homogeneous polynomial of degree $d$ in $n$ variables (for example, Fermat quintic $x_1^5 + \cdots + x_5^5$). The Milnor ring is ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

Lagrangean equations for the generating function of quadrangulations

Let $M(z)$ be the generating function of edge-rooted connected quadrangulations, with $z$ marking the number of edges. I derived the following Lagrangean equations for $M(z)$: $$M(z) = ...
8
votes
1answer
362 views

Why can you deform singularities in two dimensions but not in higher dimensions?

I've been trying to read this paper to understand deformations of surface quotient singularities. I'm particularly interested in when one can deform certain cyclic quotient singularities into other ...
6
votes
2answers
245 views

Whitney stratification and affine grassmanian

Let $G$ a simply connected group over $\mathbb{C}$ and $Gr:=G(\mathbb{C}((t)))/G(\mathbb{C}[[t]])$ the affine grassmannian. By Cartan decomposition we have a partition of stratas indexed by ...
6
votes
3answers
588 views

hyperplane sections of isolated hypersurface singularities.

Given an isolated singularity $p$ in a hypersurface $Y$ of dimension $n$ (let say a surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$). I can intersect $Y$ with a hyperplane $H$ passing through $p$ such that it induces a ...
3
votes
2answers
223 views

on a characterisation of regular D-modules

Let $X$ be a smooth variety over a field of characteristic zero. Let $M$ be in the derived category of holonomic $\mathcal{D}_{X}$-modules, $D^{b}_{h}(\mathcal{D}_{X})$. We know that if we assume ...
3
votes
3answers
176 views

Contractibility of curves and embedding into projective space

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a proper surjective morphism of projective surfaces such that there exists a curve $C \subset X$ for which $f|_{X\backslash C}$ is an isomorphism and $f(C)$ is a set of points. ...
1
vote
1answer
146 views

Obstruction map for local singularities via tangent (Andre-Quillen) cohomology

Let $R$ be a local singularity (for example $R=\mathbb{C}[[x_1, \ldots , x_n]]/I$) ring over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\mathbb{L}_{R}$ be a cotangent complex of $R$, then one can define tangent ...