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69 views

Is there any explicit result on the triangulated category of singularities of a curve?

This question is related to this MO question. Let $X$ be a projective curve over a field $\mathbb{C}$. We have the bounded derived category of coherent sheaves $D^b_{coh}(X)$ and the derived category ...
1
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2answers
191 views

Cohen-Macaulayness of the direct image of the canonical sheaf

Let $Y$ be a normal projective variety and let $f:X\to Y$ be a desingularization. Define $\mathcal K_X=f_*\omega_X$, the Grauert--Riemenschneider canonical sheaf of $X$. It is independent of the ...
7
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0answers
135 views

Singularities of an analytic function over a non-archimedean field

What do we know about the types of singularities that a convergent power series over a non-archimedean field can have? More specifically: i) What types of essential singularities can occur? ii) Are ...
4
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0answers
93 views

$\mathbb{Q}$-factoriality of singularities

I would like to understand if a certain variety is $\mathbb{Q}$-factorial (i.e., if every Weil divisor $D$ has a multiple $mD$ that is Cartier). This property can be deduced by a local picture around ...
3
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1answer
179 views

Analytically but not algebraically smoothable singularity

Are there examples of algebraic singularities which may be smoothed analytically but not algebraically? It certainly seems possible, but if not, why? Are there conditions under which this becomes ...
0
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2answers
118 views

Hochster-Roberts Theorem reciprocal

Given a Cohen-Macaulay ring $R$ over a field of characteristic zero and $G$ a reductive algebraic group acting on $R$, then the ring of ivanriants $R^G$ is also Cohen-Macaulay. This is known as ...
8
votes
2answers
278 views

Implicit Function Theorem on Singular Varieties

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two complex reduced affine algebraic or analytic varieties, possibly singular. Take a regular proper function $$f\colon X \to Y $$ and assume that it is bijective at the level of ...
0
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0answers
37 views

normality of truncated arc space

Let $X=Spec(A)$, with $A$ a normal $k$-algebra of finite type, $k$ is a field. For any integer $n$, let $X(k[t]/(t^{n}))$ the $n$-th truncated arc space, is it also normal? Same question for ...
2
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1answer
173 views

Is there a formula for the number of rational cuspidal curves in surfaces other than P^2?

Let $M$ be a two dimensional compact complex manifold and $A \in H_2(M, \mathbb{Z})$ a fixed homology class. Define a rational curve in $M$ to be $\textit{1-cuspidal}$ if the singularities of the ...
3
votes
0answers
114 views

Implicit function theorem for singularities

I am looking for an implicit function theorem which holds also on singular spaces, at least if the singularities are "mild". For example, let $0 = z^2 - x y + z w + w^2 + \epsilon w$ define a ...
0
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0answers
72 views

How to understand/analyze vanishing cycles and fibers of 6 dimensional Lefschetz fibration?

Say you have a polynomial $f(x,y,z,m)=x^3+y^3+z^3+m^3$ where $x,y,z,m \in \mathbb{C}$. Consider the Lefschetz fibration from $\{f=\mu\} \cap \{ |m|\leq \delta \}$ to $m$ for suitably small $\mu$ and ...
1
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0answers
71 views

Global topological equivalence of Morse functions

Two Morse functions $f$ and $g$ are called topologicaly equivalent if there are diffeomorphism $h$ of the source and orientational-preserving diffeomorphism $k$ of the target such that $f=k\circ ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

About 3-fold log canonical singularity

As far as I know, log canonical surface singularities were classified. How about higher dimensional case? I especially want to know whether given 3-fold singularity is log canonical or not. Let $f$ ...
3
votes
0answers
193 views

Hypersurface with singularities

I heard once about one open problem. That was about existing a hypersurface of a small degree (5? or 6?) passing through some number (5? 6?) of 3-fold points and 2-fold lines (3 lines?). It was said ...
0
votes
0answers
165 views

projective map from $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n}$

Suppose I have a morphism $f:\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n} \to \mathbb{P}^N$ birational onto its image, and I know exactly what $F$-curves are contracted (or "dually", what divisors are contracted). ...
6
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0answers
81 views

When is a smooth function locally equivalent to a truncation of its Taylor series?

Let $U \subset \mathbb{R}^n$ be an open set and let $f:U \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a smooth proper function. For $p \in \mathbb{R}^n$ let $$T_p(x_1,\ldots,x_n) = \sum_{i_1,\ldots,i_n=0}^{\infty} ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Disturbing regular level submanifold of a smooth function

Let $a$ be a regular value of a smooth function on a closed manifold and $\{f=a\}$ a corresponding level submanifold. It is known that any such function can be approximated by a Morse function $g$. ...
4
votes
1answer
308 views

Valuation of an ideal in a two-dimensional regular local ring

Let $f,g$ be two coprime elements in the ring $K[[x,y]]$, with $K$ a field. What is the smallest integer $n$ such that the inclusion of ideals $$(x^n)\subset (f,g)$$ holds in $K[[x,y]]$? Can we ...
1
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0answers
76 views

How would you call a variety that is locally a complete intersection up to defect c?

Let $X$ be an equidimensional variety of dimension $n$ over a field that can be covered by open subvarieties of certain intersections of $N-n$ hypersurfaces in $P^N$ (for a large enough $N$; we ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Number of singular fibers in families of hypersurfaces

Consider the projection map $$\pi: X = V(t_0 f + t_1 gh) \to \mathbf P^1,$$ where $[t_0: t_1]$ are the homogeneous coordinates on $\mathbf P^1$, $f=f(x_0, \dots, x_n)$ is a homogeneous polynomial of ...
0
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0answers
107 views

When can one find holomorphic sections vanishing at a point to a certain order?

Let $X$ be a compact complex manifold (say of dimension $2$) and $L \rightarrow X $ a holomorphic line bundle. Consider the following statements: Statement $A_0$: Given any point $p\in X$, there ...
0
votes
1answer
171 views

A condition on isolated singularity

Suppose $F: {\mathbb C}^N \to {\mathbb C}$ defines a singularity at the origin (for simplicity one can assume that $F$ is a quasi-homogeneous polynomial). Suppose it is nondegenerate, i.e., $dF(z) = ...
4
votes
0answers
104 views

Real structure in the mixed Hodge structure associated to an isolated singularity

We know that a mixed Hodge structure on a complex vector space $H$ with an integral lattice $H_{\mathbb Z}$ consists of the weight filtration and the Hodge filtration. For an isolated hypersurface ...
3
votes
1answer
223 views

Obtaining non-normal varieties by pushout

In his answer to this MO question, Karl Schwede claimed that every non-normal variety can be obtained by an appropriate pushout diagram, as sketched in that answer. This would give substance to the ...
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Conifold singularities on the mirror quintic

It is well-known that conifold transitions go in the reversed direction under mirror symmetry. My question is, what is the mirror picture of a degeneration of the generic quintic CY3 to the one ...
3
votes
2answers
254 views

How can one determine if a singularity is simple?

Let $f(z_1,z_2,\dots ,z_n)$ be an analytic function in $\mathbb{C}[[z_1,z_2,\dots ,z_n]]$ whose leading term defines an isolated singularity at the origin. If we have the following types of ...
0
votes
1answer
196 views

Discriminant of a polynomial in two variables

I want to compute the discriminant of the following polynomial $$ F(X,Y)=X^mY^n+\sum_{i=0}^{m-1}\sum_{j=0}^{n-1}c_{ij}X^iY^j. $$ Here the discriminate means the equation $D(c_{i,j})$ in the variables ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Singularities induced by the toric ambient spaces

Let $\Delta \subset \mathbb{R}^4$ be a (reflexive) polytope and $X$ be the hypersurfacedefined by a generic section of the any-canonical bundle of the toric variety $\mathbb{P}_{\Delta}$. Are there ...
0
votes
0answers
73 views

on lifting elements in a tangent space

Let X a normal integral scheme over a base field scheme, assumedd to be singular and an integer $n$ Let $\mathcal{O}=k[[t]]$, we consider the arc space $X(\mathcal{O})$ which is a $k$- pro-scheme and ...
4
votes
0answers
177 views

$n$-Fold Framed Functions

Suppose that $M$ is a manifold. One can consider a suitably constructed space of generalized framed Morse functions on $M$, let's call it $\mathrm{Fun}^\mathrm{fr}(M)$. This space is known to be ...
13
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1answer
391 views

Higher Cerf Theory

Morse functions on a manifold $M$ are defined as smooth maps $f:M \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, such that at the critical points we can find local coordinates so that ...
0
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0answers
122 views

A question on a toric singularity

Recently I was told that the threefold singularity $$ x^2+y^2+z^2+w^{2n}=0 $$ in $\mathbb{C}^4$ is a toric variety. How can I see this? What are the generators of the toric fan? Moreover, is it true ...
6
votes
3answers
296 views

Contracting a rational curve in a Calabi-Yau threefold

Let $X$ be a Calabi-Yau threefold and $C \subset X$ be a rational curve with $N_{C/X}\cong \mathcal{O}\oplus \mathcal{O}(-2)$. Can one contract the curve $C$? Assuming the answer is yes, what kind of ...
7
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0answers
302 views

Singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (an algebraic point of view)

I will start the story by the end: Is there some characterization of (some of) the singularities arising from the Minimal Model Program (canonical, terminal, log-...) in terms of commutative algebra ...
5
votes
2answers
411 views

Singular points of algebraic varieties and parametrization by Puiseux series

Let $V\subset \mathbb{R}^n$ (or $\mathbb{C}^n$ if that makes anything easier) be an algebraic variety and $p\in V$ a possibly singular point. Let $U\subset V$ be a sufficiently small neighborhood of ...
1
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0answers
53 views

on reductive monoids which are gorenstein

Let $M$ a reductive monoid, i.e. a integral normal affine scheme, which is a monoid whose group of units is a connected reductive group. By Rittatore ...
1
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0answers
63 views

Complexity of mappings (forms) in R. Thom's “Structural stability and morphogenesis”

In his "Structural stability and morphogenesis", R. Thom (especially in the chapter about dynamics of forms) among other things speculates about a notion of complexity of a "form" (mapping between ...
2
votes
0answers
151 views

generalization Abhyankar's lemma

This question is related to a question I already asked on MO (smooth quotient out of a singular variety?), but I realized later that the hypotheses where not precise enough in my former question. Let ...
2
votes
1answer
281 views

smooth quotient out of a singular variety?

If $X$ is a smooth quasi-projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and $G$ is a finite group acting faithfully on $X$, then the Shepard-Todd theorem gives us some criterion for $X/G$ to be smooth. My ...
6
votes
1answer
260 views

Picard group generated by effective divisors: counterexample?

Let $X$ be an integral variety defined over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic 0 with finitely generated Picard group $Pic(X)$ and such that $k[X]^\times=k^\times$ (i.e. the only ...
5
votes
1answer
293 views

A geometric characterization of smooth points of a complex algebraic variety

Let $X^m\subset \mathbb{C}^n$ be an irreducible $m$-dimensional complex algebraic subvariety. Let $\mathbb{C}^n$ be equipped with the standard Hermitian metric. Fix an arbitrary point $p\in X$. Let ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Castelnuovo's rationality criterion on singular surfaces?

Let $S$ be a projective surface over an algebraically closed field. Suppose that $q(S)=h^1(\mathcal O_S)=0$ and $P_2(S)=h^0(\mathcal O_S(2K_S))=0$. If $S$ is smooth, Castelnuovo's rationality ...
2
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0answers
160 views

A strong form of implicit function theorem (what happens when the derivative is degenerate?)

(this can be considered as some ad) Consider the system of equations $F(x,y)=0$. (Here $x$, $y$ are multi-variables. The equations are over a local ring. e.g. polynomial/analytic/formal/$C^\infty$ ...
0
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0answers
74 views

Depth of conormal sheaf of a quotient singularity in a smooth variety

Let $U= \mathbb{C}^n/ \mathbb{Z}_r$ be a cyclic quotient singularity by the finite cyclic group $\mathbb{Z}_r$ of order $r$. Assume that the group action is free outside a closed subset $Z \subset ...
4
votes
2answers
308 views

Varieties with big anti-canonical divisor

I recently heard about the following problem: Let $X$ be a projective variety with klt singularities and such that $-K_X$ is big. Is $X$ a Mori Dream Space ? Now, $-K_X$ big if and only if $-K_X ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Complement of bifurcation variety

I am reading a seminal paper of Arnold "Normal forms of functions near degenerate critical points, the Weyl group of $A_k$, $D_k$, $E_k$ and lagrangian singularities". Let $f\colon \mathbb{C}^n\to ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

Birational contraction to a $\mathbb{Q}$-Gorenstein Variety

Given a birational contraction morphism $X\rightarrow Y$ of complex normal algebraic varieties. If $Y$ is a smooth variety, what kind of singularities can appear on $X$? I would be grateful of any ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

Intrinsically proving a singularity is rational

In general, how to prove a variety has rational singularities intrinsically? i.e., don't use the Artin's criterion concerning the exceptional locus. And what kinds of varieties have only rational ...
5
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1answer
253 views

The singularity of the algebraic stack and the singularity of the coarse moduli space

It is possible that an algebraic stack is smooth while the coarse moduli space is not smooth. I want to know what is relationship between the singularity of the algebraic stack and that of its coarse ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

Simple example of isolated critical point with non-semisimple monodromy

Consider a polynomial map $f :\mathbb{C}^{n+1} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ with $f(0)=0$ (no constant term) and with isolated critical point at $0 \in \mathbb{C}^{n+1}$. We can choose a disc $D$ of some ...