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40 views

Complexity of mappings (forms) in R. Thom's “Structural stability and morphogenesis”

In his "Structural stability and morphogenesis", R. Thom (especially in the chapter about dynamics of forms) among other things speculates about a notion of complexity of a "form" (mapping between ...
2
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0answers
80 views

generalization Abhyankar's lemma

This question is related to a question I already asked on MO (smooth quotient out of a singular variety?), but I realized later that the hypotheses where not precise enough in my former question. Let ...
1
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1answer
174 views

smooth quotient out of a singular variety?

If $X$ is a smooth quasi-projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ and $G$ is a finite group acting faithfully on $X$, then the Shepard-Todd theorem gives us some criterion for $X/G$ to be smooth. My ...
6
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1answer
239 views

Picard group generated by effective divisors: counterexample?

Let $X$ be an integral variety defined over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic 0 with finitely generated Picard group $Pic(X)$ and such that $k[X]^\times=k^\times$ (i.e. the only ...
5
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1answer
248 views

A geometric characterization of smooth points of a complex algebraic variety

Let $X^m\subset \mathbb{C}^n$ be an irreducible $m$-dimensional complex algebraic subvariety. Let $\mathbb{C}^n$ be equipped with the standard Hermitian metric. Fix an arbitrary point $p\in X$. Let ...
4
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1answer
113 views

Castelnuovo's rationality criterion on singular surfaces?

Let $S$ be a projective surface over an algebraically closed field. Suppose that $q(S)=h^1(\mathcal O_S)=0$ and $P_2(S)=h^0(\mathcal O_S(2K_S))=0$. If $S$ is smooth, Castelnuovo's rationality ...
1
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0answers
90 views

A strong form of implicit function theorem (what happens when the derivative is degenerate?)

(this can be considered as some ad) Consider the system of equations $F(x,y)=0$. (Here $x$, $y$ are multi-variables. The equations are over a local ring. e.g. polynomial/analytic/formal/$C^\infty$ ...
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0answers
65 views

Depth of conormal sheaf of a quotient singularity in a smooth variety

Let $U= \mathbb{C}^n/ \mathbb{Z}_r$ be a cyclic quotient singularity by the finite cyclic group $\mathbb{Z}_r$ of order $r$. Assume that the group action is free outside a closed subset $Z \subset ...
4
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2answers
211 views

Varieties with big anti-canonical divisor

I recently heard about the following problem: Let $X$ be a projective variety with klt singularities and such that $-K_X$ is big. Is $X$ a Mori Dream Space ? Now, $-K_X$ big if and only if $-K_X ...
1
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1answer
88 views

Complement of bifurcation variety

I am reading a seminal paper of Arnold "Normal forms of functions near degenerate critical points, the Weyl group of $A_k$, $D_k$, $E_k$ and lagrangian singularities". Let $f\colon \mathbb{C}^n\to ...
0
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0answers
64 views

Birational contraction to a $\mathbb{Q}$-Gorenstein Variety

Given a birational contraction morphism $X\rightarrow Y$ of complex normal algebraic varieties. If $Y$ is a smooth variety, what kind of singularities can appear on $X$? I would be grateful of any ...
1
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1answer
131 views

Intrinsically proving a singularity is rational

In general, how to prove a variety has rational singularities intrinsically? i.e., don't use the Artin's criterion concerning the exceptional locus. And what kinds of varieties have only rational ...
5
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1answer
184 views

The singularity of the algebraic stack and the singularity of the coarse moduli space

It is possible that an algebraic stack is smooth while the coarse moduli space is not smooth. I want to know what is relationship between the singularity of the algebraic stack and that of its coarse ...
3
votes
1answer
118 views

Simple example of isolated critical point with non-semisimple monodromy

Consider a polynomial map $f :\mathbb{C}^{n+1} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ with $f(0)=0$ (no constant term) and with isolated critical point at $0 \in \mathbb{C}^{n+1}$. We can choose a disc $D$ of some ...
2
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1answer
383 views

Topological degree and polynomial degree

Let $F:\mathbb{C}^n\to \mathbb{C}^n$ be a homeomorphism homogeneous of degree 1 (i.e., $F(tx)=tF(x)$, $t>0$) and $g:\mathbb{C}^n\to \mathbb{C}$ a homogeneous polynomial of degree $k$. Let $L$ ...
1
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1answer
161 views

Analytic vector fields on surfaces which have infinite number of singularities

Let $X$ be an analytic vector field on a compact oriantable surface $S$ with volume form $\omega$. We denote the set of its singularities by $Z(X)$. A local question Is there an analytic vector ...
1
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0answers
300 views

Presence of singular points in the trajectory of a double pendulum

Watching the trajectory of a double pendulum, I caught myself wondering if it would be possible to prove that the path the second pendulum makes contains "cusps" or singular points. Upon investigating ...
1
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0answers
62 views

Three- dimensional astroid and catastrophe maps

Is a three-dimensional astroid curve $(2\cos^3u,2\sin^3u,3\cos2u)$ a part of a bifurcation set of some catastrophe map?
5
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1answer
374 views

Bertini's Theorem

Let $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^{N}$ be general points. Consider the linear system $|L|$ of hypersurfaces of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{P}^{N}$ with prescribed multiplicities $m_1,...,m_n$ at $p_1,...,p_n$. ...
5
votes
1answer
94 views

Properties of singularities that are preserved by categorical quotients

Let $G$ be a reductive group acting on an affine singular variety $X$, and let $X/G$ be the categorical quotient. I know that if $X$ has rational singularities, then so does $X/G$ ...
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0answers
203 views

Blowdown and contraction

I am sorry, my question is very naive. 2nd Edit: Let us suppose that $V$ is a smooth complex projective variety, and $Y\subset V$ is a smooth divisor and has an ample conormal line bundle. We would ...
2
votes
1answer
199 views

fearful of defining equivalent germs for non isolated singularities

Two power series $G(x_1, \ldots, x_n)$ and $F(x_1, \ldots, x_n)$ are equivalent over $\mathbb{C}$ if there is an automorphism of the ring $\mathbb{C}[[x_1, \ldots, x_n]]$ given by $x_1 \to \phi(x_1, ...
0
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0answers
25 views

Discriminant set and Bifurcation set

the discriminant set of an n-dimensional versal unfolding of an $A_k$ singularity, and the bifurcation set of an n -dimensional versal unfolding of an $A_{k+1}$, (potential type) singularity are ...
1
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1answer
69 views

Determining the desingularization from the complete local ring

Suppose I have a curve $C$ over a field $k$ and that $p$ is a singular point of $C$. Let $f : X \to C$ be the desingularization of $C$ at $p$. Then for each $s \in f^{-1}(p)$ we have a map of local ...
2
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0answers
109 views

geometric irregularities in pde's

The following question is intended for a person more acquainted with the works of Yves Laurent. see: http://archive.numdam.org/article/ASENS_1987_4_20_3_391_0.pdf (French) ...
3
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2answers
212 views

Cohomology of the tangent sheaf of $\mathbb{P}(1,2,3)$

Using the exact sequence $$0\mapsto\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^{2}}\rightarrow\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^{2}}(1)^{\oplus 3}\rightarrow T_{\mathbb{P}^{2}}\mapsto 0$$ it is easy to compute ...
3
votes
1answer
253 views

For what varieties do we have results on the category of singularities?

Let $X$ be a singular variety. Define the (triangulated) category of singularities (as in Orlov's paper) as the Verdier quotient of the derived category of coherent sheaves on $X$ modulo the full ...
3
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1answer
160 views

Deformations of quotient singularities

Let $Y$ be an affine scheme over a field of characteristic zero. Suppose we have a group $G$ acting on $Y$ and that the subset of $Y$ of points with non-trivial stabilizer is in codimension greater or ...
5
votes
1answer
191 views

Relation between Milnor ring and middle dimensional homology of hypersurface

I have suspected that the following is well-known: If $P$ is a homogeneous polynomial of degree $d$ in $n$ variables (for example, Fermat quintic $x_1^5 + \cdots + x_5^5$). The Milnor ring is ...
2
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0answers
75 views

Lagrangean equations for the generating function of quadrangulations

Let $M(z)$ be the generating function of edge-rooted connected quadrangulations, with $z$ marking the number of edges. I derived the following Lagrangean equations for $M(z)$: $$M(z) = ...
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1answer
355 views

Why can you deform singularities in two dimensions but not in higher dimensions?

I've been trying to read this paper to understand deformations of surface quotient singularities. I'm particularly interested in when one can deform certain cyclic quotient singularities into other ...
6
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2answers
240 views

Whitney stratification and affine grassmanian

Let $G$ a simply connected group over $\mathbb{C}$ and $Gr:=G(\mathbb{C}((t)))/G(\mathbb{C}[[t]])$ the affine grassmannian. By Cartan decomposition we have a partition of stratas indexed by ...
3
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3answers
172 views

Contractibility of curves and embedding into projective space

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a proper surjective morphism of projective surfaces such that there exists a curve $C \subset X$ for which $f|_{X\backslash C}$ is an isomorphism and $f(C)$ is a set of points. ...
0
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0answers
117 views

Action on C[[X,Y]]/f(X,Y) giving complete intersection quotients

Let $R \colon\!= {\Bbb C}[[X,Y]]/(f(X,Y))$ be a complete local ring of Krull-dimension $1$. Assume that we have an action of $\Bbb Z$ on $R$ such that fixed elements by $\Bbb Z$ in $R$ are only ...
3
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0answers
179 views

References for resolutions of ordinary singular points

Let $X$ be a $n$-dimensional complex projective algebraic variety, let us suppose that $X$ has only isolated singularities. Edit: Let us say that an ordinary $m$-ple singular point is an isolated ...
0
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0answers
53 views

Homology basis of minimal resolution

Let $S$ be a compact algebraic surface with du Val singularities and $T$ be the minimal resolution of it. Is it true that $$ H_2(T,\mathbb{Z})/(\oplus_{i}\mathbb{Z}E_i)\cong H_2(S,\mathbb{Z}), $$ ...
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0answers
250 views

Cohomology and conifold transition for the quintic

Let $Y\subset \mathbb{C}P^4$ be the quintic threefold given by the equation $$X^5_0+X^5_1+X^5_2+X^5_3+X^5_4+5X_0X_1X_2X_3X_4=0$$ it has 125 singular points whose links are homeomorphic to $S^2\times ...
9
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1answer
235 views

Do level sets always correspond to even graphs?

Suppose I have a level set of some function $f\colon\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^m$, say $L:=\{x:f(x)=c\}$. Let $S$ denote the points in $L$ at which $L$ is locally diffeomorphic to an open ...
3
votes
1answer
243 views

Do there exist double points on an algebraic surface in $\mathbb{P}_{\mathbb{C}}^3$ that are not rational?

The title explains it all. I'm familiar with the du val singularities on surfaces, also known as rational double points. In http://homepages.warwick.ac.uk/~masda/surf/more/DuVal.pdf, 2.1, they are ...
0
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1answer
204 views

singularities of the dual variety of a surface

I am looking for a proof/reference of the following simple fact, which I think it holds true. Let $S\subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be a surface embedded by a very ample linear system. Then I know that the ...
3
votes
2answers
202 views

Which isolated surface singularity comes from a -5 curve?

Define the surface $X$ to be the total space of $\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^1}(-5)$. By contracting the exceptional curve in $X$, we get a surface with an isolated singularity. I am looking for the ...
1
vote
1answer
144 views

Obstruction map for local singularities via tangent (Andre-Quillen) cohomology

Let $R$ be a local singularity (for example $R=\mathbb{C}[[x_1, \ldots , x_n]]/I$) ring over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\mathbb{L}_{R}$ be a cotangent complex of $R$, then one can define tangent ...
3
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1answer
240 views

Normal form for a holomorphic Morse function

Similarly to Morse lemma, a holomorphic Morse function can be written, near a critical point, as $W_1^2+W_2^2+...+W_n^2+C$ , for well chosen coordinates $W_1,W_2,...,W_n$. I want to cite this result ...
3
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2answers
222 views

on a characterisation of regular D-modules

Let $X$ be a smooth variety over a field of characteristic zero. Let $M$ be in the derived category of holonomic $\mathcal{D}_{X}$-modules, $D^{b}_{h}(\mathcal{D}_{X})$. We know that if we assume ...
3
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0answers
118 views

Hypersurfaces with Gorenstein singular loci

Recall that a hypersurface $D$ in a complex manifold $X$ is called a free divisor if the Lie algebroid $\mathcal{T}_X(-\log D)$ of vector fields tangent to $D$ is locally free. This condition is ...
3
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0answers
55 views

on Neron defect of smoothness for groups schemes

Let $G$ a semisimple simply connected group over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\gamma\in G(\mathbb{C}[[t]])$ such that $\gamma$ is regular semisimple on $G(\mathbb{C}((t)))$. We consider $I_{\gamma}$ the group ...
1
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1answer
166 views

Understanding maps from M to R^n, for n>dim M

I am interested in "approximating" smooth maps from a compact smooth manifold $M$ of dim $m$ into $\mathbb R^n,$ for $n>m,$ by "nice" maps, with properties similar to those of Morse functions. Of ...
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0answers
80 views

cotangent complex for finite flat morphism and different ideal

Let a ring $A$, $F=A[X_{1},\dots X_{n}]$ and $B:= F/J$. We suppose that we have a finite flat lci morphism $f:Spec(B)\rightarrow Spec(A)$. To mesure the singularities of this map, Gabber-Ramero ...
2
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0answers
63 views

semicontinuity of the conductor defined by Temkin

We say a principal pair $(X,\mathcal{I})$ where $X=Spec(A)$ is affine scheme and $\mathcal{I}=\tilde{I}$ where $I\subset A$ is a principal ideal generated by $\pi$ wich is a non zero divisor. For a ...
2
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0answers
160 views

Stratification of a smooth map

So, this is an exercise. But from math.stackexchange I have been suggested to post this question here. To find the Thom-Boardman stratification of the smooth map ...