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12
votes
1answer
426 views

Which nice/deep elaborations on the (operators <-> sheaves) / (endomorphisms <-> objects) theme are there?

A linear operator $T:V\to V$ on a (say) vector space over a field $k$ is just a $k[T]$-module, and may be viewed as the sheaf $\mathscr F_T$ over $\mathbb A^1_k$, with fibre over $\lambda\in k$ equal ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Topology of ring of global sections of finite union of affinoid opens in a rigid analytic space

Let $X$ be a rigid analytic space over a non-Archimedean field $k$. If $U_1,\ldots,U_n\subseteq X$ are affinoid opens, then it's usually not clear whether or not the admissible open ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Surjectivity locus of a morphism of families of sheaves

Let $X$ and $T$ be schemes and assume we have two coherent sheaves $\mathcal{F}$ and $\mathcal{G}$ on $X\times T$ which are flat over $T$, that is these are families of sheaves parametrized by $T$. ...
27
votes
3answers
1k views

What are the benefits of viewing a sheaf from the “espace étalé” perspective?

I learned the definition of a sheaf from Hartshorne---that is, as a (co-)functor from the category of open sets of a topological space (with morphisms given by inclusions) to, say, the category of ...
22
votes
2answers
1k views

Loop Spaces as Generalized Smooth spaces or as Infinite dimensional Manifolds?

There are two ways to define smooth mapping spaces and I want to know how they compare. Let's take the concrete special case of free loops spaces. I think this is the most studied example so will ...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

Canonical (tautological) section of a family of sheaves

A couple of months ago, i saw a construction, that somehow looks like the construction of the tautological section of the pullback of a vector bundle to its total space, i am trying to piece it ...
14
votes
1answer
715 views

Do I know what “coherent sheaf” means if I know what it means on locally Noetherian schemes?

I've been trying to convince myself that "coherent sheaf" is a natural definition. One way I might be satisfied is the following: for modules over a Noetherian ring $A$, coherent and finitely ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Is there a nonzero sheaf with all cohomologies vanish?

Is there a topological space $X$ with a nonzero sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ of abelian groups such that $H^i(X,\mathcal{F})=0$ for all $i=0,1,2...$?
3
votes
3answers
196 views

Constants sheaves on an open subset

Let $X$ be a topological space and $U\subset X$ an open subset. Let's work in the category of sheaves of abelian groups on $X$. Consider the constant sheaf on $U$, $\mathbb{Z}_U$, given by ...
3
votes
3answers
207 views

A question on flasque sheaf

Let $0\to \mathscr{F}'\to\mathscr{F}\to\mathscr{F}''\to 0$ be an exact sequene of sheaves. It is well known that $\mathscr{F}$ flasque iff $\mathscr{F}''$ flasque provided $\mathscr{F}'$ is flasque. ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Isomorphism of sheaves

Given a smooth projective variety $X$ and a semiample and big $\mathbb{Q}$-divisor $D$. We denote by $R:=\sum_{n\in \mathbb{Z}_{\geq 0}} H^0(X,\mathcal{O}_X(nD))$. Denote by $\tilde R(n)$ the ...
3
votes
2answers
859 views

Non-zero sheaf cohomology

Let $\mathbb{R}$ denote the real line with its usual topology. Does there exist a sheaf $F$ of abelian groups on $\mathbb{R}$ whose second cohomology group $H^{2}\left(\mathbb{R},F\right)$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
163 views

Beilinson-Bernstein localization: $\mathfrak{g}$ action on $G$-equivariant sheaf

I have a few elementary questions related to Beilinson-Bernstein localization. Let $G$ be a semisimple algebraic group over $\mathbb{C}$ with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. Consider the setup of ...
2
votes
0answers
149 views

Relationship between coherent toposes/coherent logic and coherent sheaves

I've heard it claimed that the adjective "coherent" in logic/topos theory (i.e. coherent logic, coherent toposes, coherent categories) was adopted to fit in with the terminology of coherent sheaves in ...
5
votes
1answer
195 views

Evaluation maps for moduli of stable maps

Let $\overline{M}_{0,n}(\mathbb{P}^N,d)$ be the moduli space of stable maps of degree $d$ from curves of genus zero with $n$-marked points to $\mathbb{P}^N$. Consider the product of the evaluation ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

What kind of ringed space $X$ has the property that a locally free sheaf is projective in Qcoh$(X)$?

It is well known that for an affine scheme $X$, every finitely generated locally free sheaf $\mathcal{E}$ is projective in the category Qcoh$(X)$. i.e. the functor ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

Sections of inverse image sheaf of sheaf of sections of vector bundle

Let $\eta \colon Y \to Z$ be holomorphic map between complex manifolds, $E$ holomorphic vector bundle over $Z$, $\eta ^\ast E$ its pullback over $Y$, ${\cal O}_E$ sheaf of sections of $E$, and ...
0
votes
2answers
271 views

Serre's Theorem for Coherent Sheaves

I recently heard a discussion about a certain of Serre which reconstructs the category of coherent sheaves of a variety $V$ as the category of modules over the homogeneous space of $V$ modulo modules ...
4
votes
1answer
295 views

Atlas of a manifold as a Sheaf

--Hopefully this question does not dublicate another-- In this question Tom Goodwillie pointed out, that the 'atlas part' of the definition of a smooth manifold can be redefined in terms of sheaves. ...
3
votes
2answers
233 views

Exact sequence of groups to exact sequence of sheaves

Disclaimer: This is a cross-listing of a math.stackexchange post. While not research level, after a week of no response, I figured I would ask it here. For a topological group $G$ and a topological ...
14
votes
2answers
489 views

Etale spaces using Kan extensions

Mac Lane - Moerdijk's "Sheaves" gives this cryptic hint in page 91 that the equivalence between etale spaces and sheaves on a space $X$ can be cooked up using formal methods. More precisely, we are ...
1
vote
0answers
83 views

Is a locally finitely generated sheaf of modules finitely generated on sections?

"Let $(X, \mathcal{O})$ be a ringed space. A sheaf of modules $\mathcal{F}$ on $X$ is finitely generated if for all $a \in X$ there exists a neighbourhood $U$ of $a$, an integer $n$ and a surjective ...
1
vote
0answers
135 views

Coherence of $\mathcal O_X[T]$

Let $X$ a complex manifold, and $\mathcal O_X$ the sheaf of holomorphic functions. Oka Coherence Theorem states that $\mathcal O_X$ is coherent (as $\mathcal O_X$-module). How to prove that also the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Grothendieck spectral sequence and Mayer-Vietoris sequence

Suppose $U'\cup U''=X$ is an open cover $U$ of a topological space $X$ and $F$ is a sheaf on $X$ with values in abelian groups. There is a special instance of the Grothendieck spectral sequence ...
12
votes
2answers
558 views

global fibrations of simplicial sheaves

I'm reading the classical Brown-Gersten's paper "Algebraic K-theory as generalized sheaf cohomology" and I'm stuck with their choose of global fibrations. Namely, a morphism of simplicial sheaves $p : ...
11
votes
2answers
363 views

A bit of history of Verdier duality

I was wondering who originated the presentation of Verdier duality as an equivalence between categories of sheaves and cosheaves ? I learnt it reading Jacob Lurie's Higher Algebra and Justin Curry's ...
3
votes
1answer
413 views

Simplifying the definition of a geometric context using sieves?

On Pages 1-3 of Cours 2 of Toën's Master Course on Stacks, he defines the notion of a Geometric context with a rather extensive list of axioms (they take up about two pages over and above the ...
1
vote
2answers
194 views

Sheaf cohomology on non paracompact topological spaces

I have some confusion on the subject of sheaf cohomology on non-paracompact topological spaces, i hope you can help me. My reference is Godement's book "Topologie algebrique et theorie dex ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

Characterization of global sections (which are not products) of a sheaf which is locally a product

In order to compute certain group cohomology sets I have come upon a construction which seems rather general concerning sheaves which are locally products. So I will state the problem here in a ...
0
votes
1answer
244 views

A functorial isomorphism in derived category

This question is a direct continuation of Question 1 in this post: Two basic questions on derived categories Let $f\colon \mathcal{A}\to\mathcal{B}$ be a left exact functor between two abelian ...
3
votes
2answers
553 views

Two basic questions on derived categories

Let $\mathcal{A}, \mathcal{B}$ be two abelian categories with sufficiently many injective objects (in my case these are categories of sheaves of vector spaces on a manifold). Let $f_*\colon ...
11
votes
1answer
758 views

Reference request: Book of topology from “Topos” point of view

Question: Is there any book of topology in the modern language of topos theory? Motivation: In "Sheaves in Geometry and Logic" Mac Lane and Moerdijk say: "For Grothendieck, topology became the ...
1
vote
1answer
131 views

Are the pullback functors of adjoint functors also adjoint?

Given adjoint functors $F: A \to B$, $G: B \to A$, if you then take their pullback functors $F^* : Set^B \to Set^A$ and $G^* : Set^A \to Set^B$ given by pre-composition, are these two also adjoint ...
0
votes
1answer
159 views

Can a smooth function on a cross be extended to the whole plane?

Consider a real function on the union of two lines R×0 and 0×R in R² whose restrictions to R×0 and 0×R are smooth functions R→R. Is it possible to extend this function to a smooth function on R²? ...
2
votes
1answer
298 views

Stalks of étale sheaves

I want to prove that $0 \to F\to G\to H \to 0$ is an exact sequence of étale sheaves. I understand that it is enough to show that $0\to F_{\bar{x}}\to G_{\bar{x}}\to H_{\bar{x}}\to 0$ is exact at ...
1
vote
1answer
157 views

Open subset of the moduli space of stable sheaves on a noetherian scheme

This is my question: Given a projective noetherian scheme $X$, the structural sheaf $\mathcal{O}_X$ is a coherent sheaf, so every locally free sheaf is coherent. This means that the family of stable ...
9
votes
1answer
469 views

Sheaves on Contractible Analytic Spaces

Let $(X,\mathcal{O}_X)$ be a contractible complex analytic space. Suppose that $\mathcal{F}$ is a coherent sheaf of $\mathcal{O}_X$-modules. Can we invoke the fact that $X$ is contractible to ...
5
votes
1answer
201 views

Hypercovers of sheaves in classical and quasi-categories

I am interested in relating the definition of hypercovers in the $\infty$-topos of sheaves on an $\infty$-Grothendieck site to the classical definition of hypercovers of presheaves on a Grothendieck ...
0
votes
0answers
131 views

Cohomology group vs sheaf of cohomology group

Suppose $F$ is a coherent sheaf on a smooth (algebraic or complex) variety $X$. Then we can consider the cohomology groups $$H^p(X,F)$$ for all $i$. Now, let we consider the sheaf ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

the push forward of the differential idea of sheaf

This is about the differential idea of a sheaf as a vector bundle $E$ (not necessarily locally trivial) on a real manifold $M$ with a zero curvature connection $\nabla$. The zeroth cohomology is then ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Sheaves, colimits and closure

I am considering the sheaf topos $\mathbf{Sh}(\mathfrak{X})$ on a topological space $\mathfrak{X}$. Limits in this category are constructed pointwise, as in presheaves. Colimits, however, are not ...
14
votes
4answers
879 views

Cohomology of a sheaf of functions locally constant along a foliation

Take a smooth manifold $M^n$ with a smooth foliation $F$. Consider the sheaf $\cal F$ of $C^{\infty}$ functions on $M^n$, locally constant along the foliation $F$. What is known about Chech cohomology ...
4
votes
1answer
203 views

About the construction of the Universal Enveloping Lie Algebroid

Let $X$ be a reasonable smooth scheme over some base $S$. The tangent sheaf $T_X$ is a Lie algebroid, locally free as a $\mathcal{O}_X$ module, and its Universal Enveloping Lie Algebroid ...
1
vote
1answer
290 views

What is the connection between direct/inverse image of set maps and direct/inverse image functors of sheaves?

Given a function of sets $f:X\to Y$, one defines the direct image and inverse image maps: $$ f_*:\mathcal{P}(X)\to\mathcal{P}(Y) $$ $$ f^{-1}:\mathcal{P}(Y)\to\mathcal{P}(X) $$ In the usual way. ...
6
votes
1answer
366 views

What information is lost in $X \to \mathrm{Sh}(X)$?

Given a topological space or site $X$. Construct $\mathrm{Sh}(X)$ - the sheaves on $X$ with values in $\mathrm{Set}$. Is it known what information is lost in this procedure? Thanks, Adrian.
11
votes
0answers
1k views

Idea of presheaf cohomology vs. sheaf cohomology

Let $X$ be a topological space and $U$ an open cover of $X$. In this thread Angelo explained beautifully how presheaf cohomology (Cech cohomology) relates to sheaf cohomology: The zeroth Cech ...
27
votes
8answers
2k views

When are there enough projective sheaves on a space X?

This question is being asked on behalf of a colleague of mine. Let X be a topological space. It is well known that the abelian category of sheaves on X has enough injectives: that is, every sheaf ...
0
votes
0answers
104 views

Equivariant Sheaves, Local system

Let $(G,m)$ be a group scheme unipotent, and $L$ a local system of rank 1 on $G$ such that: $m^*(L) \simeq L \boxtimes L $. Then why is $L$ an equivariant sheaf on $G$ with the action the ...
13
votes
1answer
290 views

References regarding a connection between recursion theory and sheaves

In Manin's A Course in Mathematical Logic for Mathematicians, he defines (p.201) a structure $(\mathcal{E},R)$ given an enumerable set $E \subset (\mathbb{Z}^+)^n$ by: $\mathcal{E}$ is the set of ...
2
votes
1answer
141 views

Example for pullback of stable sheaf not stable

Suppose $C$ is a complete algebraic curve. Define a coherent locally free sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ over $C$ to be stable if $\mu(\mathcal{E})<\mu(\mathcal{F})$ for any subsheaf $\mathcal{E}$, where ...