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1
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1answer
758 views

Quasi coherent sheaf

One really stupid, trivial question: A Quasi coherent sheaf $F$ on an affine group scheme(Spec R) is simply an R-module. What happens in case R is a Hopf algebra? Will the Q.coherent sheaf $F$ be an ...
7
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0answers
306 views

Applications of sheaf theory to the computation of invariants of LS-category type

I would like to know if sheaf theory can be applied to a particular class of questions in topology. The Schwarz genus (also known as sectional category) of a continuous map $p\colon\thinspace E\to ...
21
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6answers
2k views

What is the inverse image sheaf necessary for in algebraic geometry?

Given a continuous map $f \colon X \to Y$ of topological spaces, and a sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ on $Y$, the inverse image sheaf $f^{-1}\mathcal{F}$ on $X$ is the sheafification of the presheaf $$U \mapsto ...
1
vote
1answer
249 views

Realizing a restriction as direct/inverse image of sheaves

Consider the inclusion $j$ of ${\mathbb{R}}$ as the real axis of ${\mathbb{C}}$. On ${\mathbb{C}}$ I have a real polynomial algebra ${\mathbb{R}}[x,\bar{x}]$, where $\bar{x}$ denotes conjugation. ...
42
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5answers
6k views

What is sheaf cohomology intuitively?

What is sheaf cohomology intuitively? For local systems it is ordinary cohomology with twisted coefficients. But what if the sheaf in question is far from being constant? Can one still understand ...
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0answers
305 views

Monomorphisms of sheaves

The following is surely pretty standard, but I have been unable to prove it or find a proof in the literature (many sources assert it without proof). Let $\phi : \mathcal{F} \rightarrow \mathcal{G}$ ...
1
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1answer
731 views

Ringed and locally ringed spaces

A pair $(X,O_X)$ is a ringed space if $X$ is a topological space and $O_X$ is a sheaf of rings. If every stalk $O_{X,x}$ is a local ring, then we say that $(X,O_X)$ is a locally ringed space. In the ...
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0answers
109 views

Are sieves in locally small categories still sets?

In "Sheaves in Geometry and Logic", M&M define a sieve of an object $C$ as a downward-closed set of arrows $S$ with codomain $C$. They go on to say that for a locally small category, a sieve of ...
7
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2answers
398 views

Restriction of Ext sheaves

Let $f \colon X \to Y$ be a map of schemes, $\mathcal{F}, \mathcal{G}$ two coherent sheaves on $Y$. I'm interested in conditions which guarantee an isomorphism $$f^{*} \mathcal{E}xt^i(\mathcal{F}, ...
9
votes
4answers
685 views

Is there an easy way to describe the sheaf of smooth functions on a product manifold?

A smooth structure on a manifold $M$ can be given in the form of a sheaf of functions $\mathcal{F}$ such that there is an open cover $\mathcal{U}$ of $M$ with every $U\in \mathcal{U}$ isomorphic ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Do we have non-abelian sheaf cohomology?

Lets $X$ be a complex manifold (algebraic variety), $N$ an integer, and consider the sheaf $F$ defined by: $F(U)$ ={ holomorphic maps $f: U\rightarrow GL(N,\mathbb{C})$ } with multiplicative ...
10
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1answer
659 views

Understanding the etale space construction from a formal viewpoint

Suppose I have a topological space $X$. Let $\mathcal{O}(X)$ denote the poset of open subsets. There is a canonical functor $\mathcal{O}(X) \to Top/X$ which sends an open $U \in \mathcal{O}(X)$ to $U ...
3
votes
1answer
243 views

The upper semi-continuous rank of a module sheaf

The article "Intuitionistic algebra and representations of rings" is fantastic; it develops the language, logic etc. for the topos $Sh(X)$, where $X$ is a fixed topological space, from scratch and ...
2
votes
1answer
305 views

How to find the smallest flabby sheaf containing a given sheaf ?

None of the spaces C^k (\mathbb{R}^n), with 0 \leq k \leq \infty, is a flabby sheaf. However, they are respectively contained in the smallest flabby sheaves C^k_{nd} (\mathbb{R}^n) of functions f : ...
1
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1answer
628 views

How is the right adjoint $f_*$ to the inverse image functor $f^*$ described for functor categories $Set^C$, $Set^D$ and $f : C \to D$

For $C,D$ small categories, and $f : C \to D$ a functor between them, there is a precomposition, or "inverse image", functor $f^* = (-) \circ f : Set^D \to Set^C$. It has a left and a right adjoint. ...
9
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1answer
764 views

Mitchell's embedding theorem

Mitchell's embedding theorem http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitchell%27s_embedding_theorem tells us that every small abelian category ${\cal A}$ has a full, faithful and exact embedding $V : {\cal A} ...
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6answers
1k views

Is the dual notion of a presheaf useful?

It seems that there is a common theme in mathematics where, if we want to find out about a category C, then we look at $\hat{C}$ (the category of contravariant functors from $C$ to $Set$). There are ...
3
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2answers
594 views

Describing global sections of sheafifications

Recently on glancing through Hartshorne's description of Cartier divisors I started pondering the definition of sheafification which led me to a question I can't answer. Neither can I find a ...
1
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1answer
403 views

The fiber of the sheaf of invariants

Let us suppose the the group $G:=\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}=(1,i)$ freely act on a smooth projective variety/$k$ $X$ and denote by $Y$ the G.I.T. quotient $X/G$. Let $\pi:X\longrightarrow Y$ the quotinet ...
2
votes
1answer
671 views

Relation between Sheaf and Group Cohomology

Let $E=\mathbb{C}/L$ be an elliptic curve. Then $\mathbb{C}$ is contractible, and $L$ is the fundamental group of $E$. What's interesting is that we can find the cohomology of $E$, which is the same ...
9
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0answers
999 views

Idea of presheaf cohomology vs. sheaf cohomology

Let $X$ be a topological space and $U$ an open cover of $X$. In this thread Angelo explained beautifully how presheaf cohomology (Cech cohomology) relates to sheaf cohomology: The zeroth Cech ...
3
votes
1answer
987 views

Grothendieck spectral sequence and Mayer-Vietoris sequence

Suppose $U'\cup U''=X$ is an open cover $U$ of a topological space $X$ and $F$ is a sheaf on $X$ with values in abelian groups. There is a special instance of the Grothendieck spectral sequence ...
3
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0answers
200 views

Descent of singular cohomology

When proving that singular cohomology of an appropriate space $X$ equals sheaf cohomology of $X$ with "values" (does one say that?) in the sheaf $\mathbb{Z}_X$ of locally constant functions, the ...
16
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1answer
826 views

Galois Group as a Sheaf

I've noticed that the Galois groups associated to Galois field extensions $L$ of a given field $K$ seem remarkably like a sheaf, with the field extensions taking the place of open set, and the Galois ...
2
votes
1answer
328 views

vanishing theorems

I would be glad to know about possible generalizations of the following results: 1) (Grothendieck) Let $X$ be a noetherian topological space of dimension $n$. Then for all $i>n$ and all sheaves of ...
6
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2answers
2k views

Sheaf cohomology question

For a topological space $X$ and a sheaf of abelian groups $F$ on it sheaf cohomology $H^n(X,F)$ is defined. Singular cohomology of $X$ can be expressed as sheaf cohomology if $X$ is locally ...
4
votes
1answer
358 views

Does the concept of a basis for a topology on a category exist?

If we want to define a sheaf F on a topological space X and we have a basis B for the topology of X, what we can do is to define objects and restrictions for guys in B, check that they satisfy the ...
3
votes
1answer
369 views

Functoriality of base change

Let $a:W\rightarrow X$, $c:X\rightarrow Z$, $b:W\rightarrow Y$ and $d:Y\rightarrow Z$ be a pull-back diagram in the category of topological spaces. Then one can construct a natural isomorphism ...
5
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1answer
741 views

Natural morphism appearing in Grothendieck spectral sequence

Assume we are in the setting of the Grothendieck spectral sequence (Weibel, 5.8): $G : A \to B, F : B \to C$ are left exact functors such that $G$ sends injective objects to $F$-acyclic objects. Now ...
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2answers
1k views

De Rham decomposition theorem, generalisations and good references

De Rham decomposition theorem states that every simply-connected Riemannian manifold $M$ that admits complementary sub-bundles $T'(M)$ and $T''(M)$ of its tangent bundle parallel with respect to the ...
2
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3answers
2k views

Is Bredon's Topology a sufficient prelude to Bredon's Sheaf Theory?

I intend to try working through Bredon's seminal sheaf theory text prior to graduating (I am currently a second year undergraduate), but it is at a level which is far beyond my own (friends of mine ...
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2answers
344 views

Sheaf Cohomology on a Stone Space

Let $X$ be a stone space, i.e. a compact, totally disconnected hausdorff space. Then $H^1(X,\mathbb{Z}/2)=0$. Here's one way of proving this: $X$ with $\mathbb{Z}/2$ (the constant sheaf) is an affine ...
7
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0answers
180 views

sheaves on thickened nodal cubics

Suppose F is an algebraically closed field (of any characteristic) and that h in F[x,y,z] is an irreducible cubic form defining a plane curve C with a node. A lot is known about sheaves on C; for ...
7
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0answers
146 views

References regarding a connection between recursion theory and sheaves

In Manin's A Course in Mathematical Logic for Mathematicians, he defines (p.201) a structure $(\mathcal{E},R)$ given an enumerable set $E \subset (\mathbb{Z}^+)^n$ by: $\mathcal{E}$ is the set of ...
2
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3answers
262 views

Why is continuity required for sheaf-theoretic definitions of a structure on a space

For example, I take differentiability, analyticity, and algebraicity(of a function). All(more or less) imply continuity. So when we define a differentiable function on $\mathbb R^n$ or an analytic ...
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0answers
262 views

A question on a proof that fine sheaves are soft

Let's open R.O.Wells "Differential Analysis on Complex Manifolds" p. 53 and have a look at the Proposition 3.5 stating that all fine sheaves are soft (over a paracompact Hausdorff $X$). In the proof ...
2
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7answers
798 views

Are two sheaves that are locally isomorphic globally isomorphic ?

Let $X$ be a topological space and let $\mathcal{F}$ and $\mathcal{G}$ be two sheaves over $X$. Of course, if one has a morphism $f : \mathcal{F} \to \mathcal{G}$ such that for all $x\in X$, $f_x : ...
9
votes
2answers
496 views

What are the merits of the different finiteness conditions on quasi-coherent sheaves?

It's my understanding that there's no disagreement about the right way to define a quasi-coherence for a sheaf $F$ of $O_X$-algebras (over a scheme, locally ringed space, or even locally ringed ...
4
votes
5answers
2k views

When is the push-forward of the structure sheaf locally free

Let $f:X\longrightarrow Y$ be a morphism of noetherian schemes. Under what conditions is $f_\ast \mathcal{O}_X$ a locally free $\mathcal{O}_Y$-module? Example 1. Suppose that $f$ is affine. Then ...
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0answers
2k views

Wikipedia's definition of constant sheaf is wrong [closed]

According to wikipedia (constant sheaf) the constant sheaf $\underline{S}$ for an object $S$ is given by defining $\underline{S}(U)$ to be the set of functions $U \to S$, which are constant on each ...
4
votes
1answer
427 views

Morphisms between pure complexes of sheaves

I would like to understand the theory of pure complexes of (etale?) sheaves (of geometric origin?). In particular, I would like to understand which conditions are realy necessary in (part 1 of) ...
1
vote
2answers
751 views

Closed subschemes and pulling back the structure sheaf via the inclusion map

I would just like a clarification related to closed subschemes. If $(X,{\cal O}_X)$ is a locally ringed space and $A\subset X$ is any subset with the subspace topology then $i^{-1}{\cal O}_X$ will be ...
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6answers
3k views

What is the Zariski topology good/bad for?

In a comment to this question the quotation "The Zariski Topology is the 'Wrong' topology for Algebraic Geometry" appears. Well, so some spontaneous questions arise: 1) What is Zariski topology ...
3
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1answer
1k views

Question about hypercohomology / spectral sequence of a complex of “almost-acyclic” sheaves

I have a very particular situation involving a (non-exact) complex $K$ of coherent sheaves on a nonsingular projective variety $X$, and I need to compute the hypercohomology of the complex. The ...
2
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0answers
908 views

group cohomology and cohomology of classifying space [closed]

Let $G$ be a discrete group, and $BG$ is the classifying space. It is well-known that the group cohomology of $G$-module M, is the same as the cohomology on $BG$ with coefficient in $\tilde{M}$, which ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Motivation for equivariant sheaves?

Hello everyone; i'm looking for a motivation for equivariant sheaves (see http://ncatlab.org/nlab/show/equivariant+sheaf) ~ Why are we interested in them? More explicitely: Can I think of ...
5
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2answers
472 views

The equivalence of cateogry of equivariant sheaves on principal bundle and category of sheaves on base space.

Let $\pi:P\mapsto B$ is a $G$-principal bundle, which means $G$ acts on $P$ freely and $\pi$ is a locally trivial fibration. Here is a well-known theorem: THeorem: The inverse image functor $\pi^*$ ...
16
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1answer
1k views

Cohomology of sheaves in different Grothendieck topologies

Suppose I have a sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ on the (small) étale site over $X$. By restriction, $\mathcal{F}$ is also a sheaf on $X$ (with the Zariski topology). When is it that the sheaf cohomologies (i.e. ...
7
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1answer
332 views

Category of copresheaves over commutative monoids

Let C be a symmetric monoidal category. Let Comm(C) be the category of commutative monoids in C. Consider the topos X = CoPSh(Comm(C)) of covariant functors from Comm(C) to the category Set of sets. ...
0
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0answers
406 views

sheaves on discrete spaces

Sorry if this question is too broad, but if I explain why I'm really interested in it, then it would be too technical and specific. So, let me try to ask it this way. I would like to know properties ...