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### Topologies (and sheaves) on Cat and CAT

I've been wondering lately what sort of Grothendieck (pre)topologies there are on $Cat$ (the category of small categories) and $CAT$ (the v. large category of large categories - to forestall criticism ...

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### About direct image of ideal sheaves

Let $\mu:X'\rightarrow X$ be a birational morphism of normal complex projective varieties.
Consider the two ideal sheaves $I_1= \mu_*\mathcal{O}_{X'}(-\sum d(E)E)$, ...

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### Why is this a local constant sheaf

If a group $G$ acts on a topological space $M$, and a representation of $G$ on a vector space $V$, why $M \times_G V$ is a local constant sheaf over $M/G$?

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### Homotopical descent information contained in the Dwyer-Kan function complexes of a presheaf category?

Recall that the category of sheaves on some site $C$ equipped with a grothendieck topology $\tau$ is equivalent to the localization of the category of presheaves $W^{-1}Psh(C)$ at $W$ where $W$ is the ...

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### How to “globalize” the inverse function theorem?

Let $F: V \times W\rightarrow Z$, where $V,W,Z$ are finite-dimensional smooth (or analytic) manifolds and $F$ is smooth (or analytic). Assume that $\dim W=\dim Z$ and the usual inverse function ...

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### finite-dimensionality of cohomology groups on compact riemann surfaces

does the finite dimensionlity of the first cohomology group ($ H^1 $) of the sheaf of meromorphic sections of a holomorphic line bundle on a compact riemann surface follow easily from the finite ...

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### Automorphisms of constant sheaves

Let E be a Grothendieck topos, such as the category of sheaves of sets on a topological space. Then there is a unique geometric morphism $(\Delta \dashv \Gamma)\colon E\to \mathrm{Set}$, where ...

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### A form of cohomology and base change

Let $f \colon X \to Y$ be a proper morphism of (Noetherian) schemes, $\mathcal{F} \in \mathop{Coh}(X)$. Let $i_Z \colon Z \hookrightarrow Y$ be a closed subscheme and take the inverse image $W := X ...

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### Serre's FAC versus Hartshorne as an introduction to sheaves in algebraic geometry

I just found an English translation of Serre's FAC at Richard Borcherds' Algebraic Geometry course web page. I really want to read it sometime. I am beginner in Algebraic Geometry, just started ...

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### Another stupid question on l-adic sheaves: does a generically zero constructible sheaf vanish on an open subvariety?

Suppose that the stalk of a constructible l-adic ($\mathbb{Z}_l$-adic or $\mathbb{Q}_l$-adic) etale sheaf $S$ over a generic (Zariski) point of a variety $V$ is zero. Does this imply that $S$ vanishes ...

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### How should one think about sheafification and the difference between a sheaf and a presheaf

The first time I got in touch with the abstract notion of a sheaf on a topological space $X$, I thought of it as something which assigns to an open set $U$ of $X$ something like the ring of continuous ...

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### Colimits of covers

Suppose I have category $C$ equipped with a Grothendiek pretopology of covers, and let $y:C \to Sh(C)$ be the Yoneda embedding into sheaves and $y/c:C/c \to Sh(C)/y(c)\cong Sh(C/c)$. How can I show ...

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### Wikipedia's definition of 'locally free sheaf'

Let $R$ be a, say, noetherian ring and $M$ an $R$-module. The Wikipedia article on 'locally free sheaf' tells me that the following two statements are equivalent:
The module $M$ is locally free ...

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### When are non-quasi-coherent sheaves used?

Non-quasi-coherent sheaves of $\mathcal O_X$ modules on a scheme seem like a wild concept to me; are they actually used for something?

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### Projectivity of free O_X modules with respect to the sheafy hom?

I've heard that given a ringed topos $(X,\mathcal{O}_X)$, the functor $Hom_{\mathcal{O}_X-\operatorname{Mod}}(\mathcal{O}_X, -)$ often fails to be exact. Is this only the case for the unenriched hom ...

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### Equivalence of two definitions of sheaves on a site

I'd like to prove that two definitions of sheaves on a site are equivalent, but I'm having trouble proving one direction.
Let $C$ be a category with pullbacks. Let $(C,T)$ be a site defined through a ...

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### sheaves and cosheaves

I am struggling hard to understand the pushforwards and pullbacks of cosheaves. Are they also cosheaves? And what are quasicoherent cosheaves? Is there anything like coquasicoherent cosheaves? Please ...

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### Derived categories of coherent sheaves: suggested references?

I am interested in learning about the derived categories of coherent sheaves, the work of Bondal/Orlov and T. Bridgeland. Can someone suggest a reference for this, very introductory one with least ...

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### Is a submodule of the sheaf of sections of a smooth vector bundle necessarily finitely generated?

Let $X$ be a finite-dimensional smooth manifold, $\mathcal C^\infty(X)$ its algebra of smooth functions, $V\to X$ a finite-dimensional smooth vector bundle, and $\Gamma(V)$ the space of smooth ...

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### Quasi coherent sheaf

One really stupid, trivial question: A Quasi coherent sheaf $F$ on an affine group scheme(Spec R) is simply an R-module. What happens in case R is a Hopf algebra? Will the Q.coherent sheaf $F$ be an ...

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### Applications of sheaf theory to the computation of invariants of LS-category type

I would like to know if sheaf theory can be applied to a particular class of questions in topology.
The Schwarz genus (also known as sectional category) of a continuous map $p\colon\thinspace E\to ...

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### What is the inverse image sheaf necessary for in algebraic geometry?

Given a continuous map $f \colon X \to Y$ of topological spaces, and a sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ on $Y$, the inverse image sheaf $f^{-1}\mathcal{F}$ on $X$ is the sheafification of the presheaf
$$U \mapsto ...

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### Realizing a restriction as direct/inverse image of sheaves

Consider the inclusion $j$ of ${\mathbb{R}}$ as the real axis of ${\mathbb{C}}$. On ${\mathbb{C}}$ I have a real polynomial algebra ${\mathbb{R}}[x,\bar{x}]$, where $\bar{x}$ denotes conjugation. ...

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### What is sheaf cohomology intuitively?

What is sheaf cohomology intuitively?
For local systems it is ordinary cohomology with twisted coefficients. But what
if the sheaf in question is far from being constant?
Can one still understand ...

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### Monomorphisms of sheaves

The following is surely pretty standard, but I have been unable to prove it or find a proof in the literature (many sources assert it without proof).
Let $\phi : \mathcal{F} \rightarrow \mathcal{G}$ ...

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### Ringed and locally ringed spaces

A pair $(X,O_X)$ is a ringed space if $X$ is a topological space and $O_X$ is a sheaf of rings. If every stalk $O_{X,x}$ is a local ring, then we say that $(X,O_X)$ is a locally ringed space.
In the ...

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### Are sieves in locally small categories still sets?

In "Sheaves in Geometry and Logic", M&M define a sieve of an object $C$ as a downward-closed set of arrows $S$ with codomain $C$. They go on to say that for a locally small category, a sieve of ...

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### Restriction of Ext sheaves

Let $f \colon X \to Y$ be a map of schemes, $\mathcal{F}, \mathcal{G}$ two coherent sheaves on $Y$. I'm interested in conditions which guarantee an isomorphism
$$f^{*} \mathcal{E}xt^i(\mathcal{F}, ...

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### Is there an easy way to describe the sheaf of smooth functions on a product manifold?

A smooth structure on a manifold $M$ can be given in the form of a sheaf of functions $\mathcal{F}$ such that there is an open cover $\mathcal{U}$ of $M$ with every $U\in \mathcal{U}$ isomorphic ...

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### Do we have non-abelian sheaf cohomology?

Lets $X$ be a complex manifold (algebraic variety), $N$ an integer, and consider the sheaf $F$ defined by:
$F(U)$ ={ holomorphic maps $f: U\rightarrow GL(N,\mathbb{C})$ } with multiplicative ...

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### Understanding the etale space construction from a formal viewpoint

Suppose I have a topological space $X$. Let $\mathcal{O}(X)$ denote the poset of open subsets. There is a canonical functor $\mathcal{O}(X) \to Top/X$ which sends an open $U \in \mathcal{O}(X)$ to $U ...

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### The upper semi-continuous rank of a module sheaf

The article "Intuitionistic algebra and representations of rings" is fantastic; it develops the language, logic etc. for the topos $Sh(X)$, where $X$ is a fixed topological space, from scratch and ...

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### How to find the smallest flabby sheaf containing a given sheaf ?

None of the spaces C^k (\mathbb{R}^n), with 0 \leq k \leq \infty, is a flabby sheaf. However, they are respectively contained in the smallest flabby sheaves C^k_{nd} (\mathbb{R}^n) of functions f : ...

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### How is the right adjoint $f_*$ to the inverse image functor $f^*$ described for functor categories $Set^C$, $Set^D$ and $f : C \to D$

For $C,D$ small categories, and $f : C \to D$ a functor between them, there is a precomposition, or "inverse image", functor $f^* = (-) \circ f : Set^D \to Set^C$. It has a left and a right adjoint. ...

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### Mitchell's embedding theorem

Mitchell's embedding theorem http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mitchell%27s_embedding_theorem tells us that every small abelian category ${\cal A}$ has a full, faithful and exact embedding $V : {\cal A} ...

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### Is the dual notion of a presheaf useful?

It seems that there is a common theme in mathematics where, if we want to find out about a category C, then we look at $\hat{C}$ (the category of contravariant functors from $C$ to $Set$). There are ...

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### Describing global sections of sheafifications

Recently on glancing through Hartshorne's description
of Cartier divisors I started pondering the definition of
sheafification which led me to a question I can't answer. Neither
can I find a ...

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### The fiber of the sheaf of invariants

Let us suppose the the group $G:=\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z}=(1,i)$ freely act on a smooth projective variety/$k$ $X$ and denote by $Y$ the G.I.T. quotient $X/G$. Let $\pi:X\longrightarrow Y$ the quotinet ...

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### Relation between Sheaf and Group Cohomology

Let $E=\mathbb{C}/L$ be an elliptic curve. Then $\mathbb{C}$ is contractible, and $L$ is the fundamental group of $E$. What's interesting is that we can find the cohomology of $E$, which is the same ...

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### Idea of presheaf cohomology vs. sheaf cohomology

Let $X$ be a topological space and $U$ an open cover of $X$.
In this thread Angelo explained beautifully how presheaf cohomology (Cech cohomology) relates to sheaf cohomology:
The zeroth Cech ...

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### Grothendieck spectral sequence and Mayer-Vietoris sequence

Suppose $U'\cup U''=X$ is an open cover $U$ of a topological space $X$ and $F$ is a sheaf on $X$ with values in abelian groups. There is a special instance of the Grothendieck spectral sequence ...

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### Descent of singular cohomology

When proving that singular cohomology of an appropriate space $X$ equals sheaf cohomology of $X$ with "values" (does one say that?) in the sheaf $\mathbb{Z}_X$ of locally constant functions, the ...

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### Galois Group as a Sheaf

I've noticed that the Galois groups associated to Galois field extensions $L$ of a given field $K$ seem remarkably like a sheaf, with the field extensions taking the place of open set, and the Galois ...

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### vanishing theorems

I would be glad to know about possible generalizations of the following results:
1) (Grothendieck) Let $X$ be a noetherian topological space of dimension $n$. Then for all $i>n$ and all sheaves of ...

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### Sheaf cohomology question

For a topological space $X$ and a sheaf of abelian groups $F$ on it sheaf cohomology $H^n(X,F)$ is defined.
Singular cohomology of $X$ can be expressed as sheaf cohomology if $X$ is locally ...

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### Does the concept of a basis for a topology on a category exist?

If we want to define a sheaf F on a topological space X and we have a basis B for the topology of X, what we can do is to define objects and restrictions for guys in B, check that they satisfy the ...

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### Functoriality of base change

Let $a:W\rightarrow X$, $c:X\rightarrow Z$, $b:W\rightarrow Y$ and $d:Y\rightarrow Z$ be a pull-back diagram in the category of topological spaces. Then one can construct a natural isomorphism ...

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### Natural morphism appearing in Grothendieck spectral sequence

Assume we are in the setting of the Grothendieck spectral sequence (Weibel, 5.8): $G : A \to B, F : B \to C$ are left exact functors such that $G$ sends injective objects to $F$-acyclic objects. Now ...

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### De Rham decomposition theorem, generalisations and good references

De Rham decomposition theorem states that every simply-connected Riemannian manifold $M$
that admits complementary sub-bundles $T'(M)$ and $T''(M)$ of its tangent bundle parallel with respect to the ...

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### Is Bredon's Topology a sufficient prelude to Bredon's Sheaf Theory?

I intend to try working through Bredon's seminal sheaf theory text prior to graduating (I am currently a second year undergraduate), but it is at a level which is far beyond my own (friends of mine ...