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3
votes
1answer
189 views

Coverage, itself considered as a presheaf

A coverage $J$ on a category $C$ assigns to an object $U$ of $C$ a set of covering families $J(U)$. The covering families are required to be stable under pullback, which amounts to requiring that for ...
6
votes
2answers
455 views

Can one characterize those sheaves which have Hausdorff etale spaces?

Given a sheaf of sets $F$ on a space $X,$ under the equivalence of categories between etale spaces over $X$ and sheaves over $X,$ $F$ is associated to a local homeomorphism $$E\left(F\right) \to X$$ ...
2
votes
1answer
347 views

system of local coefficients on X, locally constant sheaves and orientation sheaves

Hi, I try to understand the orientation sheaves. When searching it in the google, i meet new areas such as local coefficient system and locally constant sheaves. I realize that any system of local ...
7
votes
0answers
312 views

Are there simple conditions on a category C which guaranty that Ind(C) is a Grothendieck topos?

The category of finite sets is not a Grothendieck topos, but its Ind category Ind(Finite-Sets) = Sets is a Grothendieck topos. Similarly, given a pro-finite group G, the Grothendieck topos of discrete ...
2
votes
0answers
132 views

Does mapping cylinder category have enough injectives?

Let $A, B$ be two abelian categories, and $\tau : A \to B$ a left exact functor. We define a category $C$ as follows: objects: triples $(M, N, \varphi)$ where $M\in A, N\in B$ and $\varphi: N\to ...
1
vote
0answers
193 views

why is the local field Q_l not an etale sheaf over a scheme X?

I would like to know the reason why the local field Q_l is not an etale sheaf over a scheme X while its ring of integers Z_l can be regarded as a constant etale sheaf?
1
vote
2answers
357 views

Sheafification of a presheaf through the etale space

I have some problems to show that the following contruction defines a sheafification: Let $\mathcal F$ be a presheaf on $X$, and let $Et(\mathcal F)$ be the etale space associated to $\mathcal F$, ...
7
votes
2answers
782 views

Explaining Mukai-Fourier transforms physically

A core concept in mathematics, engineering, and physics is the Fourier Transform (FT) and its many variants (Generalized Fourier Series, Green's Function, Pontryagin duality). The basic algorithm is ...
0
votes
1answer
307 views

left adjoint to restriction functor

We know that for an immersion $j:U \to X$ the restriction functor $j^*:{\cal O}_X-mod \to {\cal O}_u-mod$ has a left adjoint $j!$. I am looking for some condition to deduce that $j!$ takes its values ...
1
vote
1answer
314 views

Descent of Morphisms of Sheaves

While reading Brylinski I am trying to understand the descent of morphisms of sheaves. In trying to form a new definition of a presheaf $A$ over a space $X$, we associate to each surjective local ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Which limits are preserved by prolongation of presheaves?

Let $F:C \to D$ be a full and faithful functor between small categories. Then we get a triple of adjoint functors $F_! \dashv F^* \dashv F_*$, with $$F_!:Set^{C^{op}} \to Set^{D^{op}}.$$ Notice that ...
15
votes
3answers
806 views

What are the benefits of viewing a sheaf from the “espace étalé” persepctive?

I learned the definition of a sheaf from Hartshorne---that is, as a (co-)functor from the categor of open sets of a topological space (with morphisms given by inclusions) to, say, the category of ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Sheafification - Why does twice suffice?

Hi, I'm currently reading through "Sheaves in Geometry and logic" by Mclane-Moerdijk and this one issue has been bugging me for a long time, which I hope you could help me resolve. It is known that ...
0
votes
1answer
366 views

Spectral sequences in Hypercohomology of sheaves (For a complex of acyclic sheaves) - Follow-up to previous question

Alright, this is a follow-up to my previous question (Spectral sequences in Hypercohomology of sheaves), sorry I took so long to reply. Let $X$ be a topological space, let $F^\bullet$ be a cochain ...
1
vote
1answer
298 views

Is this Sequences of Complexes of Sheaves Exact?

So in another question of mine there is a sequence of complexes of sheaves which the author asserts is exact. Let $K^{\bullet} = \underline{\mathbb{C}}^* \ \underrightarrow{d\ log} \ ...
8
votes
2answers
611 views

Example of a Sheaf (on the site of smooth manifolds) with Nontrivial Cohomology on $\mathbb{R}^n$?

Does such a sheaf of abelian groups exist? If not, is there a reference or a proof? Does such a sheaf of non-abelian groups exist? I realized recently that while I've taken it for granted that ...
2
votes
1answer
508 views

Spectral sequences in Hypercohomology of sheaves

Alright, here I go again, don't know if I'm missing something here but let $X$ be a topological space and let $F^{\bullet}$ be a cochain complex of sheaves, I want to compute the cohomology of this ...
1
vote
2answers
383 views

Hypercohomology of a complex of sheaves that might be acyclic (or might not)

Back again, check this out, let $X$ be a topological space and let $F^{\bullet}$ be a cochain complex of sheaves, I'm trying to compute the cohomology of the complex of global sections of the sheaves ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

How does torsion behave under the direct image functor?

Assume we have a finite morphism $f: X\rightarrow Y$ of smooth projective varieties of degree $d$ over $k=\mathbb{C}$. Then $f_{*}$ induces an equivalence between the categoy of coherent $O_X$-modules ...
1
vote
2answers
261 views

Cohomology of a cochain complex of acyclic sheaves

Ok, sort of as a follow up to my previous question, let's recall the de Rham-Weil theorem: Let $F$ be a sheaf on a topological space $X$ and let $\mathcal{L}^{\bullet}$ be an acyclic resolution of ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Where can I find a proof of the de Rham-Weil theorem?

Where can I find a proof of the de Rham-Weil theorem? Does anyone know?
17
votes
5answers
737 views

Sheafification via hypercovers

The sheafification of a presheaf on a site is often constructed in a two-step process $X^{++}$, where $X^+$ consists of matching families in $X$, is always separated, and is a sheaf if $X$ is ...
6
votes
2answers
800 views

Is Sheafification Functor Exact?

I know that sheafification functor from the category of abelian presheaves on $C$ to the category of abelian sheaves on $C$. Here, $C$ is a category with Grothendieck pretopology. My question is: ...
1
vote
1answer
232 views

Do Categorical Quotients Preserve Covering Maps?

Before asking a question, please let me write down settings. SETTINGS: Let $C$ be a category with fiber products and $B$ be a closed subcategory of $C$ (i.e. $B$ contains any isomorphism of $C$, and ...
7
votes
2answers
431 views

Is $H^i(X,F)$ finitely generated over $\Gamma(O_X)$ if $F$ is coherent?

Suppose $\mathcal{X}$ is a smooth quasi-projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ (I apologize if these hypotheses have little to do with the question at hand). Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent sheaf on ...
58
votes
5answers
3k views

Is there a sheaf theoretical characterization of a differentiable manifold?

I'm going through the crisis of being unhappy with the textbook definition of a differentiable manifold. I'm wondering whether there is a sheaf-theoretic approach which will make me happier. In a ...
5
votes
0answers
311 views

Do 'change of coefficients' functors for sheaves commute with the four functors (formalism)?

For a morphism $f$ of varieties over a field of characteristic $\neq l$ I can consider the functors $Rf_*$, $f^\ast$, $f_!$, and $f^!$ both for the corresponding derived categories of 'all' ...
1
vote
0answers
139 views

Soft sheaves on indiscrete paracompact spaces

Let $X$ be some space, I have basically 2 questions: 1 - Are sheaves on paracompact but not Hausdorff spaces acyclic? I've been doing some reading and some authors say that soft sheaves on ...
11
votes
3answers
550 views

Necessity of hypercovers for sheaf condition for simplicial sheaves

I'm trying to understand where the definition of simplicial sheaf on a space/site comes from. For a presheaf $F$ of sets on a topological space $X$, the sheaf condition can be viewed as saying that ...
2
votes
0answers
481 views

What essential property justifies the name “derivative”?

Most, if not all, of the notions of derivative that I have so far seen have the property that they are locally defined -- meaning that the derivative of a map-type object at a point depends on the map ...
0
votes
1answer
199 views

Direct limit of sheaves over paracompact spaces

Let $\mathcal F_i, i\in I$, be a directed family of sheaves of abelian groups on a paracompact Hausdorff space $X$. Let $\mathcal F=\varinjlim F_i$ denote the direct limit sheaf. Is it true that ...
0
votes
3answers
377 views

Cohomology of complexes

I sometimes see cohomologies of complexes of sheaves. What is the definition of these? Say if $\mathcal F^* $ is a complex of sheaves on $C$, what is $H^i(C,\mathcal F^*) $?
2
votes
0answers
313 views

Quantum sheaves

Are the following definitions known? Consider H a Hilbert space. A "quantum topology" on H is a set Sigma of closed subspaces satisfying the following conditions: (a) {0} and H lie in Sigma (b) If ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Is the free R-module on a sheaf of sets still a sheaf?

Let $L$ be a sheaf of sets on some site $S$. Let $F$ be the presheaf obtained by composing $L$ with the free R-module functor, i.e. for any object $U$, we define $F(U)$ to be the free $R$-module on ...
9
votes
1answer
727 views

Affine scheme on spec(A) of a ring A as the sheafification of a pre-sheave on spec(A)?

It is obvious that there is a parallel between the definition of structure sheaf of $\operatorname{Spec}(A)$ versus the sheafification of a pre-sheaf. The definition of the sheaf $\mathscr F^+$ ...
4
votes
1answer
369 views

Is the stalk of the (co)limit of sheaves equal to the (co)limit of the stalks?

More precisely, if $\mathcal F_i$ is a system of sheaves, is it the case that $$ (\lim \mathcal F_i)_p = \lim ((\mathcal F_i)_p) $$ and similarly for colimits? I can see how to get a map $$ (\lim ...
4
votes
1answer
216 views

When do adjunctions preserve equivalence?

Let $\mathcal{C}'$ and $\mathcal{D}'$ be categories so that $\mathcal{C} \subseteq \mathcal{C}'$ and $\mathcal{D} \subseteq \mathcal{D}'$ are full subcategories. Suppose the forgetful functors ...
1
vote
1answer
726 views

Orientation Sheaf and Double Cover

The orientation sheaf of an $n$-manifold $M$ is $\mathcal{O}_n=Sheaf(U\mapsto H_n(M,M-U;\mathbb{Z}))$, with stalks given by $(\mathcal{O}_n)_x = lim H_n(M,M-U)=H_n(M,M-x)=\mathbb{Z}$ (the limit is ...
4
votes
1answer
322 views

Derived Equivalence of Sheaves and Homotopy

This question loosely elaborates on an earlier question. It is pretty silly, but I'd like to hear some authoritative answers. Recall that if $f:S^{\bullet}\to T^{\bullet}$ is a quasi-isomorphism of ...
4
votes
1answer
357 views

Etale space construction for presheaves on a Grothendieck site

As it is described for example in [Mac Lane-Moerdijk, Sheaves in Geometry and Logic, II.6.], one can construct the sheafification functor very lucidly by associating to a presheaf a certain bundle ...
0
votes
0answers
162 views

Do infinitesimal neighbourhoods help to compute the inverse images of coherent sheaves?

Let $i:Z\to X$ be a closed embedding of (projective) varieties; $S$ is a coherent sheaf on $X$. How could one compute $H^*(Z,i^\ast S)$ (I don't know whether I should write $H^\ast (Z,i^{-1}S)$ ...
1
vote
0answers
193 views

On inverse images with respect to Zariski-etale topology.

For a variety $X$ I define its Zariski-etale site as follows: the category is the category of etale $X$-schemes, and the coverings are Zariski ones. Note that this topology is more coarse than the ...
1
vote
1answer
357 views

Restriction of a sheaf to an infinitely small neighbourhood of a closed submanifold: how to work with this ind-sheaf?

Let $X$ be a manifold, $i: Z\to X$ is a closed embedding. For a sheaf $S$ (of abelian groups) on a manifold $X$ and each $\varepsilon>0$ we denote by $Z_\varepsilon$ the set of points of $X$ ...
2
votes
0answers
303 views

What are the easiest cases of base change (for sheaves on sites)?

I have a closed embedding of schemes $i:X'\to X$, and for each of them I consider three Grothendieck topologies for the category of the corresponding (relatively) \'etale schemes: the \'etale one, the ...
2
votes
0answers
241 views

Do inverse images respect flabby sheaves?

Let $i:Y\to X$ be a closed embedding of varieties, and let $S$ be a flabby \'etale (or Nisnevich) sheaf of abelian groups on $X$. Is $i^*S$ flabby also? I am mostly interested in the case when ...
2
votes
1answer
640 views

Generalized Beilinson spectral sequences

Assume we are workling on $\mathbb{P}^n$ for some $n\geq 1$ and we have a coherent sheaf $F$ on it. Then there are two (well known?) spectral sequences $E_r^{p,q}$ with $E_1$-term: ...
2
votes
0answers
185 views

The Mayer-Viertoris exact sequence as a (Zariski) descent spectral sequence.

For certain 'spaces' $U,V$ (they are certain Henselizations of subvarieties) I would like to compute (certain etale) cohomology of $U\cup V$ in terms of the corresponding cohomology of the diagram ...
1
vote
0answers
355 views

Fine and acyclic sheaves on locales

Hey all. Here's the thing, so I have a measure space. According to Johnstone's 'Topos theory' (page 213), let $(X,\Sigma,\mu)$ be a measure space, we can define a Grothendieck pretopology on it (and ...
1
vote
0answers
223 views

Can etale $X$-schemes be lifted to $Y$, where $X$ is closed in $Y$?

For a closed embedding (of varieties) $X\to Y$ let $U/X$ be etale. Is is true that there necessarily exists an etale $U'/Y$ such that $U'_X=U$? If this is wrong in general, are there any assumptions ...
2
votes
1answer
478 views

Does one need to sheafify when defining the inverse image of a sheaf with respect to an embedding?

This seems to be a rather simple (stupid?:)) question; yet I was not able to find an answer quickly. For a morphism $f:X\to Y$ of schemes (or topological spaces) and an (etale or topological) sheaf ...