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23
votes
3answers
2k views

How should a homotopy theorist think about sheaf cohomology?

As a student of homotopy theory or algebraic topology, I have a certain outlook as to how one ought to think of a cohomology theory. There are axioms that help us with rudimentary computations, there ...
18
votes
2answers
555 views

Cohomologically trivial stacks

The following theorem of Serre is well-known: A noetherian scheme $X$ is affine if and only if $H^i(X; \mathcal{F}) = 0$ for all quasi-coherent sheaves $\mathcal{F}$ on $X$ and all $i>0$. ...
18
votes
2answers
964 views

How to Draw Complex Line Bundles

I am giving a presentation soon on the Classification of Complex Line Bundles and I would like to have some very "basic" visualizations to use as examples. Background and Context I am considering ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

Classification of rings satisfying $a^4=a$

We have the famous classification of rings satisfying $a^2=a$ (for each element $a$) in terms of Stone spaces, via $X \mapsto C(X,\mathbb{F}_2)$. Similarly, rings satisfying $a^3=a$ are classified by ...
9
votes
2answers
823 views

When does sheaf cohomology commute with arbitrary direct sums?

It is well known and more or less proven in Hartshorne's 'Algebraic Geometry' (p. 209) that for every noetherian scheme $X$ and every collection of abelian sheaves $\mathcal{F}_i$ the canonical map ...
9
votes
1answer
467 views

Etale homology via étale cosheaves

Can one develop a theory of étale homology via étale cosheaves? The hope is that this would, for example, return the Tate module (and not its dual) for an elliptic curve, and it would return group ...
8
votes
1answer
529 views

When does the sheaf cohomology of a topological space vanish?

The question is in the title. A more precise formulation is: Let $X$ be a topological space. When does $H^i(X,F) = 0$ for all $i > 0$ and all abelian sheaves $F$ on $X$? The obvious example is a ...
8
votes
0answers
354 views

Deducing properness from H^i(X,F) finitely generated over \Gamma(O_X)

Suppose that $X$ is a quasi-projective variety over a field $k$ and that we further know that for every coherent sheaf $\mathcal{F}$, $H^i(X,\mathcal{F})$ is finitely generated over $\Gamma(O_X)$. Is ...
7
votes
2answers
436 views

Is $H^i(X,F)$ finitely generated over $\Gamma(O_X)$ if $F$ is coherent?

Suppose $\mathcal{X}$ is a smooth quasi-projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ (I apologize if these hypotheses have little to do with the question at hand). Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent sheaf on ...
7
votes
1answer
726 views

Sheaf cohomology with compact supports (and Verdier duality?)

Consider a manifold and a complex where cochains are sections of vector bundles and coboundary maps are differential operators, which are locally exact except in lowest degree (think de Rham complex). ...
7
votes
0answers
417 views

Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms of sheaf cohomology

Cohomology of a space is often defined axiomatically: a cohomology theory is a functor from pairs of spaces to abelian groups satisfying the Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms. Is there a similar ...
7
votes
0answers
277 views

Dualizing complex of the product of two locally compact spaces

Hello! In the setting of locally compact Hausdorff spaces, I would like to understand the relation between the exterior product ${\mathbb D}_X\boxtimes{\mathbb D}_Y$ of the dualizing complexes of two ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Non-cohomological proof that the pullback of an ample bundle by a finite morphism is ample

It is a standard fact that for any finite morphism of proper Noetherian $A$-schemes ($A$ being Noetherian), the pullback of an ample line bundle is ample. The usual proof of this fact is via Serre's ...
6
votes
4answers
955 views

Cohomology of line bundles

For sure answers to my questions are well known - but I never saw them anywhere. Let $X$ be a smooth projective (or just proper) variety over an algebraically closed field $k$. Let $A_i$ be the ...
6
votes
1answer
459 views

Basic properties of Nisnevich cohomology; $l'$-topology?

I would like to know more about Nisnevich cohomology (especially, on its properties that could be easily formulated). In particular, I would like to know which of the following statements are true, ...
5
votes
2answers
252 views

cohomology and $j_!$

I have a projective variety $X$ and an open immersion $j : U \to X$. Say I have a sheaf, locally free in my case of interest, $\mathcal{S}$ on $U$. Is there any reasonable relationship between ...
5
votes
1answer
265 views

infinite grassmannian in algebraic geometry

Geometric realization of $B{\mathbb G}_{\mathfrak m}({\mathbb C})$ is ${\mathbb C}{\mathbb P}^\infty=\varinjlim_n~ {\mathbb C}{\mathbb P}^n_k$; what if one considers a separable field $k\neq ...
4
votes
2answers
577 views

Why Cech cohomology does not compute sheaf cohomology on an open annulus

Let $A=\{z\in\mathbf{C}:1/2<|z|<1\}$ be an open annulus. Let us cover $A$ by 3 open sets: $U_0,U_1$ and $U_2$ which we assume to be all homeomorphic to a 2 dimensional open disc. Moreover, we ...
4
votes
1answer
325 views

Derived Equivalence of Sheaves and Homotopy

This question loosely elaborates on an earlier question. It is pretty silly, but I'd like to hear some authoritative answers. Recall that if $f:S^{\bullet}\to T^{\bullet}$ is a quasi-isomorphism of ...
4
votes
1answer
336 views

The Gauss-Bonnet theorem for Sheaves

Euler Characteristic of Sheaves and the Generalized Gauss-Bonnet Theorem Consider a sheaf $\mathscr{F}$ over a site $\mathscr{(C,J)}$, where $\mathscr{C}$ is a small category with a coverage ...
4
votes
1answer
426 views

Are injective quasi-coherent modules acyclic?

Let $X$ be a scheme and $F$ be an injective object of $\mathrm{Qcoh}(X)$. Is it true that $F$ is acyclic with respect to the usual sheaf cohomology? For noetherian schemes $X$ this is well-known; ...
4
votes
1answer
274 views

Construction of generalized Eilenberg-MacLane spaces

The Eilenberg-MacLane spaces $K(G,q)$ are readily generalized to study cohomology with local coefficients.The generalized Eilenberg-MacLane space $K_{\pi}(G,q)$ are spaces with only two nnvanishing ...
4
votes
1answer
180 views

Surjectivity of certain cohomology groups on hypersurfaces of high degree

I had been reading an article by Spencer Bloch. There is a remark in this text which states the surjectivity of a particular map between cohomology groups without explaining further. I had been trying ...
4
votes
1answer
500 views

Sheaves with isomorphic cohomology, but not quasi-isomorphic

Suppose I have two (constructible) sheaves of vector spaces $F$ and $G$ over the same base space that have isomorphic cohomology (degree by degree), but no sheaf map inducing this isomorphism (i.e. ...
4
votes
1answer
195 views

Relating deformations of a scheme to deformations of its singular locus

Let $X$ be a normal scheme with quotient singularities and $Y\subset X$ its singular locus. The first order deformations of $X$ are parametrized by $\mathcal{E}xt^{1}(\Omega_{X},\mathcal{O}_{X})$. ...
4
votes
0answers
78 views

$A_\infty$ structure on sum of twists of structure sheaf

Fix $n$ and let $P^n$ be projective $n$-space. Let $S = k[x_0, \dots, x_n]$. Set $A^0 = \bigoplus_{d \ge 0} H^0(P^n, \mathcal{O}(d))$ and $A^n = \bigoplus_{d < -n} H^n(P^n, \mathcal{O}(d))$. I ...
4
votes
0answers
325 views

Cohomology of a sheaf with only one stalk

Let $X$ be a proper scheme over a henselian discrete valation ring. I have a Nisnevich sheaf $F$ of which has only one stalk at the generic point of $X$ (and all other stalks vanish). I believe that ...
3
votes
4answers
566 views

Sheaves with no cohomology

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety of dimension $d$ over a field $k$. Suppose $\mathcal F$ is a coherent sheaf on $X$ such that $H^i(X,\mathcal F) = 0$, for all $i$. What can one say about ...
3
votes
1answer
255 views

Explicit examples presheaves associated to higher direct images which fail to be sheaves

So I would like to have a few simple examples where the presheaf associated to higher direct image of sheaf fails to be sheaf. So I'm looking for two (natural and simple) topological spaces $X$ and ...
3
votes
2answers
442 views

If $f: X \to Y$ is a finite flat morphism of schemes, $g: Y \to Z$ is a proper morphism of relative dimension one, $Z$ is affine and $E$ is a vector bundle on $Y$ with $R^1g_*E=0$ then $H^1(X,f^*E)=0$?

Let $f: X \to Y$ and $g: Y \to Z$ be morphisms of schemes* such that f is flat and finite, g is proper and $R^{> 1}g_*E=0$ for all sheaves and Z is affine. Let E be a vector bundle on Y such that ...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

Euler Characteristic of Coverings via Sheaf Theory

Let $X$ be a nice space (compact $CW$-complex or triangulated space, compact manifold, whatever works), $f:Y\to X$ be a finite covering of degree $n$, and $\chi(X)$ be the euler characteristic. By the ...
3
votes
1answer
300 views

Sheaf cohomology invariant of weak homotopy type?

Is sheaf cohomology an invariant of the weak homotopy type? More precisely let $R$ be a commutative ring and $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a weak homotopy equivalence. Does it follow, that the induced maps ...
3
votes
1answer
278 views

Cohomology and proper base change

Let $\pi:\mathcal{X} \to B$ be a flat, projective surjective morphism over $\mathbb{C}$. Assume that $B$ is a smooth quasi-projective curve. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent sheaf on $\mathcal{X}$, ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Convolution of DQ-Modules

On page 92 of Deformation Quantization Modules Kashiwara and Schapira define two different convolution products for DQ-modules that differ by whether one uses $Rp_{13*}$ or $Rp_{13!}$ to push ...
2
votes
1answer
414 views

Is the higher direct image sheaf of a locally free sheaf over $\mathbb{P}^1$ locally free?

Let $f:X \to \mathbb{P}^1$ be a projective flat morphism, $X$ is a projective scheme. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a locally free sheaf on $X$. Are the higher direct image sheaves $R^if_*\mathcal{F}$ locally ...
2
votes
2answers
292 views

Topological information via cohomology of sheaves

On a projective smooth variety $X$ over complex numbers (or rather compact Kahler) we have a specific set of sheaves, namely sheaves of holomorphic forms ${\mathcal \Omega}^p$ of various degrees. The ...
2
votes
2answers
527 views

Top cohomology detecting compactness

I am looking for a reference for the fact that the top cohomology $H^n(X;A)$ of an $n$-dimensional manifold $X$ is non-trivial precisely when $X$ is compact. I tried to ask this question on ...
2
votes
2answers
347 views

sheaves for which the derived (compact or not) pushforward is zero

Conventions: sheaf = complex of constructible sheaves (in the l-adic setup with etale tplg or in the complex coefficients setup with analytical tplg). I would like to understand if there is an ...
2
votes
1answer
260 views

Compare global sections of restriction and pullback of sheaves

Let $X$ be a projective scheme and $X \subset \mathbb{P}^n$ for some positive integer $n$. Let $j:Z \hookrightarrow X$ be a closed subscheme. Is it true that $H^0(j^*\mathcal{N}_{X|\mathbb{P}^n}) ...
2
votes
2answers
313 views

Vanishing of Ext group

Let $C$ be a cartier divisor on a smooth projective surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Then we get the short exact sequence $$0 \to \mathcal{O}_X(-C) \to \mathcal{O}_X(-C_{red}) \to F \to 0$$ for some sheaf ...
2
votes
0answers
146 views

l-adic cohomology and perverse sheaves

Let consider the map $tr:\mathbb{G}_{m}^{n}\rightarrow\mathbb{A}^{1}_{\mathbb{F}_{q}}$ given by the sum of the coordinates and let $\psi:\mathbb{F}_{q}\rightarrow\mathbb{Q}_{l}^{*}$ a non trivial ...
2
votes
0answers
105 views

$\delta$-functor and commutativity of pull-back with right derivation

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a faithfully flat projective morphism of noetherial $\mathbb{C}$-schemes. Assume that $Y$ is affine, smooth over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $y \in Y$ be a closed point with residue field, ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Cohomology and quotients for the canonical topology

Recall that for any category $\mathcal C$, there is a unique finest topology, the canonical topology on $\mathcal C$ for which all representable functors are sheaves. I am interested in the example ...
2
votes
0answers
207 views

Cech cohomology.

Let us consider the scheme $X$ and the coherent sheaf $\cal F$ on it. We consider finitely many affine open covers $U_{\lambda}$ with $\lambda \in \Lambda$. When I calculate Cech cohomology with ...
2
votes
2answers
257 views

Leray spectral sequence of the inclusion of an open subvariety

Let $X$ be a smooth variety over a field $k \subset \mathbb{C}$ and $Z$ a smooth subvariety. Let $U=X-Z$. I'm trying to understand what information do the Leray spectral sequences attached to the ...
2
votes
0answers
299 views

Weil Kostant Integrality Result as Stated by Brylisnki

I'm reading through Brylinski's "Loop Spaces, Characteristic Classes and Geometric Quantization" and I am stuck on a piece of Theorem 2.2.15, which asserts that If $K$ is a closed complex-valued ...
2
votes
0answers
126 views

Intersections of components of 'simple' ('local") Zariski coverings

I would like to study the ordered Cech cohomology with respect to a Zariski covering of a variety. I can pass to the limit with respect to refinements; the components of the 'limit covering' will be ...
2
votes
0answers
130 views

orientations on a stratified space

For this question let $k$ be any field of characteristic not equal to $2$ and $X$ a stratified space whose strata are topological manifolds. I'm not sure what the definition of "stratified space" ...
2
votes
0answers
307 views

Sheaf Cohomology on Zariski-Riemann Spaces

Can sheaf cohomology on the Zariski-Riemann spaces give some sort of classification for field extensions (even just for function fields)? If not, are there any significant or useful results (e.g. for ...
1
vote
2answers
238 views

Cohomology of sheaf extended by zero

Let $X$ be a projective scheme of pure dimension $1$. Let $U$ be a open subscheme and $j:U \to X$ the open immersion. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent sheaf on $U$. Denote by $j_!(\mathcal{F})$ the ...