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25
votes
3answers
2k views

How should a homotopy theorist think about sheaf cohomology?

As a student of homotopy theory or algebraic topology, I have a certain outlook as to how one ought to think of a cohomology theory. There are axioms that help us with rudimentary computations, there ...
18
votes
2answers
607 views

Cohomologically trivial stacks

The following theorem of Serre is well-known: A noetherian scheme $X$ is affine if and only if $H^i(X; \mathcal{F}) = 0$ for all quasi-coherent sheaves $\mathcal{F}$ on $X$ and all $i>0$. ...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

How to Draw Complex Line Bundles

I am giving a presentation soon on the Classification of Complex Line Bundles and I would like to have some very "basic" visualizations to use as examples. Background and Context I am considering ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

Classification of rings satisfying $a^4=a$

We have the famous classification of rings satisfying $a^2=a$ (for each element $a$) in terms of Stone spaces, via $X \mapsto C(X,\mathbb{F}_2)$. Similarly, rings satisfying $a^3=a$ are classified by ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

When does sheaf cohomology commute with arbitrary direct sums?

It is well known and more or less proven in Hartshorne's 'Algebraic Geometry' (p. 209) that for every noetherian scheme $X$ and every collection of abelian sheaves $\mathcal{F}_i$ the canonical map ...
9
votes
1answer
532 views

Etale homology via étale cosheaves

Can one develop a theory of étale homology via étale cosheaves? The hope is that this would, for example, return the Tate module (and not its dual) for an elliptic curve, and it would return group ...
8
votes
1answer
577 views

When does the sheaf cohomology of a topological space vanish?

The question is in the title. A more precise formulation is: Let $X$ be a topological space. When does $H^i(X,F) = 0$ for all $i > 0$ and all abelian sheaves $F$ on $X$? The obvious example is a ...
8
votes
0answers
499 views

Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms of sheaf cohomology

Cohomology of a space is often defined axiomatically: a cohomology theory is a functor from pairs of spaces to abelian groups satisfying the Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms. Is there a similar ...
8
votes
0answers
373 views

Deducing properness from H^i(X,F) finitely generated over \Gamma(O_X)

Suppose that $X$ is a quasi-projective variety over a field $k$ and that we further know that for every coherent sheaf $\mathcal{F}$, $H^i(X,\mathcal{F})$ is finitely generated over $\Gamma(O_X)$. Is ...
8
votes
0answers
288 views

Dualizing complex of the product of two locally compact spaces

Hello! In the setting of locally compact Hausdorff spaces, I would like to understand the relation between the exterior product ${\mathbb D}_X\boxtimes{\mathbb D}_Y$ of the dualizing complexes of two ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

Non-cohomological proof that the pullback of an ample bundle by a finite morphism is ample

It is a standard fact that for any finite morphism of proper Noetherian $A$-schemes ($A$ being Noetherian), the pullback of an ample line bundle is ample. The usual proof of this fact is via Serre's ...
7
votes
2answers
451 views

Is $H^i(X,F)$ finitely generated over $\Gamma(O_X)$ if $F$ is coherent?

Suppose $\mathcal{X}$ is a smooth quasi-projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ (I apologize if these hypotheses have little to do with the question at hand). Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent sheaf on ...
7
votes
1answer
782 views

Sheaf cohomology with compact supports (and Verdier duality?)

Consider a manifold and a complex where cochains are sections of vector bundles and coboundary maps are differential operators, which are locally exact except in lowest degree (think de Rham complex). ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Cohomology of line bundles

For sure answers to my questions are well known - but I never saw them anywhere. Let $X$ be a smooth projective (or just proper) variety over an algebraically closed field $k$. Let $A_i$ be the ...
6
votes
4answers
703 views

Is there a (satisfying) proof that cellular cohomology is isomorphic to simplicial cohomology that doesn't use relative cohomlogy?

That singular and de Rham cohomologies of a smooth manifold are isomorphic has two proofs that I know of. The classical one uses Stokes' theorem to give the isomorphism explicitly. The second proof ...
6
votes
1answer
310 views

infinite grassmannian in algebraic geometry

Geometric realization of $B{\mathbb G}_{\mathfrak m}({\mathbb C})$ is ${\mathbb C}{\mathbb P}^\infty=\varinjlim_n~ {\mathbb C}{\mathbb P}^n_k$; what if one considers a separable field $k\neq ...
6
votes
1answer
503 views

Basic properties of Nisnevich cohomology; $l'$-topology?

I would like to know more about Nisnevich cohomology (especially, on its properties that could be easily formulated). In particular, I would like to know which of the following statements are true, ...
6
votes
1answer
176 views

Do general sheaves on P^2 have cohomology governed by their Euler characteristic?

Suppose $\xi$ is chern character on $\mathbb P^2$. Then there is a moduli space $M(\xi)$ of semistable sheaves of chern character $\xi$. If $\xi$ has Euler characteristic 0, then apparently there is ...
5
votes
2answers
275 views

cohomology and $j_!$

I have a projective variety $X$ and an open immersion $j : U \to X$. Say I have a sheaf, locally free in my case of interest, $\mathcal{S}$ on $U$. Is there any reasonable relationship between ...
5
votes
1answer
135 views

Coverings/Cech cohomology of totally disconnected spaces

For any topological space $X$ we have a natural functor $\text{Cov}_X \rightarrow \text{Fun}(\pi_1(X),\text{Set})$ from the category of coverings of $X$ to the category of functors $\pi_1(X) ...
4
votes
2answers
665 views

Why Cech cohomology does not compute sheaf cohomology on an open annulus

Let $A=\{z\in\mathbf{C}:1/2<|z|<1\}$ be an open annulus. Let us cover $A$ by 3 open sets: $U_0,U_1$ and $U_2$ which we assume to be all homeomorphic to a 2 dimensional open disc. Moreover, we ...
4
votes
1answer
331 views

Derived Equivalence of Sheaves and Homotopy

This question loosely elaborates on an earlier question. It is pretty silly, but I'd like to hear some authoritative answers. Recall that if $f:S^{\bullet}\to T^{\bullet}$ is a quasi-isomorphism of ...
4
votes
1answer
405 views

The Gauss-Bonnet theorem for Sheaves

Euler Characteristic of Sheaves and the Generalized Gauss-Bonnet Theorem Consider a sheaf $\mathscr{F}$ over a site $\mathscr{(C,J)}$, where $\mathscr{C}$ is a small category with a coverage ...
4
votes
1answer
480 views

Are injective quasi-coherent modules acyclic?

Let $X$ be a scheme and $F$ be an injective object of $\mathrm{Qcoh}(X)$. Is it true that $F$ is acyclic with respect to the usual sheaf cohomology? For noetherian schemes $X$ this is well-known; ...
4
votes
1answer
343 views

Construction of generalized Eilenberg-MacLane spaces

The Eilenberg-MacLane spaces $K(G,q)$ are readily generalized to study cohomology with local coefficients.The generalized Eilenberg-MacLane space $K_{\pi}(G,q)$ are spaces with only two nnvanishing ...
4
votes
1answer
192 views

Surjectivity of certain cohomology groups on hypersurfaces of high degree

I had been reading an article by Spencer Bloch. There is a remark in this text which states the surjectivity of a particular map between cohomology groups without explaining further. I had been trying ...
4
votes
1answer
282 views

Leray's theorem up to some degree

I am interested in the proof of Leray's theorem that relates Čech cohomology and sheaf cohomology. The theorem states that if we have a space $X$, a sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ and a covering of $X$ such ...
4
votes
1answer
536 views

Sheaves with isomorphic cohomology, but not quasi-isomorphic

Suppose I have two (constructible) sheaves of vector spaces $F$ and $G$ over the same base space that have isomorphic cohomology (degree by degree), but no sheaf map inducing this isomorphism (i.e. ...
4
votes
1answer
204 views

Relating deformations of a scheme to deformations of its singular locus

Let $X$ be a normal scheme with quotient singularities and $Y\subset X$ its singular locus. The first order deformations of $X$ are parametrized by $\mathcal{E}xt^{1}(\Omega_{X},\mathcal{O}_{X})$. ...
4
votes
0answers
106 views

$A_\infty$ structure on sum of twists of structure sheaf

Fix $n$ and let $P^n$ be projective $n$-space. Let $S = k[x_0, \dots, x_n]$. Set $A^0 = \bigoplus_{d \ge 0} H^0(P^n, \mathcal{O}(d))$ and $A^n = \bigoplus_{d < -n} H^n(P^n, \mathcal{O}(d))$. I ...
4
votes
0answers
345 views

Cohomology of a sheaf with only one stalk

Let $X$ be a proper scheme over a henselian discrete valation ring. I have a Nisnevich sheaf $F$ of which has only one stalk at the generic point of $X$ (and all other stalks vanish). I believe that ...
3
votes
4answers
653 views

Sheaves with no cohomology

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety of dimension $d$ over a field $k$. Suppose $\mathcal F$ is a coherent sheaf on $X$ such that $H^i(X,\mathcal F) = 0$, for all $i$. What can one say about ...
3
votes
1answer
284 views

Explicit examples presheaves associated to higher direct images which fail to be sheaves

So I would like to have a few simple examples where the presheaf associated to higher direct image of sheaf fails to be sheaf. So I'm looking for two (natural and simple) topological spaces $X$ and ...
3
votes
2answers
136 views

Vanishing of sheaf cohomology with compact support

Let $X$ be a smooth manifold. Let $F$ be a sheaf of $\mathbb{R}$-vector spaces on $X$. I have three closely related questions. 1) Under what sufficient conditions on $F$ for any compact subset ...
3
votes
2answers
240 views

Exact sequence of groups to exact sequence of sheaves

Disclaimer: This is a cross-listing of a math.stackexchange post. While not research level, after a week of no response, I figured I would ask it here. For a topological group $G$ and a topological ...
3
votes
2answers
449 views

If $f: X \to Y$ is a finite flat morphism of schemes, $g: Y \to Z$ is a proper morphism of relative dimension one, $Z$ is affine and $E$ is a vector bundle on $Y$ with $R^1g_*E=0$ then $H^1(X,f^*E)=0$?

Let $f: X \to Y$ and $g: Y \to Z$ be morphisms of schemes* such that f is flat and finite, g is proper and $R^{> 1}g_*E=0$ for all sheaves and Z is affine. Let E be a vector bundle on Y such that ...
3
votes
1answer
198 views

Euler Characteristic of Coverings via Sheaf Theory

Let $X$ be a nice space (compact $CW$-complex or triangulated space, compact manifold, whatever works), $f:Y\to X$ be a finite covering of degree $n$, and $\chi(X)$ be the euler characteristic. By the ...
3
votes
1answer
332 views

Sheaf cohomology invariant of weak homotopy type?

Is sheaf cohomology an invariant of the weak homotopy type? More precisely let $R$ be a commutative ring and $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a weak homotopy equivalence. Does it follow, that the induced maps ...
3
votes
1answer
369 views

What is $h^0(\mathcal O_F)$ where $F$ is a fiber of a normal surface over a smooth curve?

Lately I am studying the bend-and-break, and I follow the proof in the following note written by Olivier Debarre: http://www.math.ens.fr/~debarre/M2.pdf There is a detail that I just cannot go ...
3
votes
2answers
624 views

Hartshorne Proposition III 8.1

In the proposition mentioned in the title, Hartshorne states that for each $i\geq 0$ the higher direct image sheaf $R^if_*\mathcal F$ is exactly the sheafification of the presheaf given by $V \mapsto ...
3
votes
1answer
288 views

Cohomology and proper base change

Let $\pi:\mathcal{X} \to B$ be a flat, projective surjective morphism over $\mathbb{C}$. Assume that $B$ is a smooth quasi-projective curve. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent sheaf on $\mathcal{X}$, ...
3
votes
0answers
68 views

$H^{1}(C, N_{C/X}(-m)) = 0$, for $C$ a irreducible curve on $X$ through $m$ general points

I was reading A. de Jong and J. Starr's paper "Low degree complete intersections are rationally simply connected", which can be found at http://www.math.stonybrook.edu/~jstarr/papers/nk1006g.pdf, and ...
3
votes
0answers
93 views

Action of automorphisms on cohomology with supports

Let $x$ be the closed point of an $n$-dimensional local scheme $X$, essentially smooth over a field $k$. Let $M$ be a sheaf on the category of smooth $k$-varieties (in either Zariski or Nisnevich ...
3
votes
0answers
109 views

Deformation of vector bundle on projective space with same Hilbert polynomial as multiple of structure sheaf

Let $E$ be a vector bundle on projective space ${\bf P}^n$ whose Hilbert polynomial is the same as $\mathcal{O}^{{\rm rank}(E)}$. Does there exist a vector bundle over ${\bf P}^n \times {\rm ...
3
votes
0answers
177 views

Does the higher cohomology of a quasi-coherent sheaf on a Stein manifold vanish?

It is a well-known result in algebraic geometry that if $X$ is an affine scheme and $\mathcal{F}$ is a quasi-coherent sheaf on $X$, then the higher cohomologies of $\mathcal{F}$ vanish, i.e. $$ ...
3
votes
0answers
53 views

Convolution of DQ-Modules

On page 92 of Deformation Quantization Modules Kashiwara and Schapira define two different convolution products for DQ-modules that differ by whether one uses $Rp_{13*}$ or $Rp_{13!}$ to push ...
3
votes
0answers
313 views

Sheaf Cohomology on Zariski-Riemann Spaces

Can sheaf cohomology on the Zariski-Riemann spaces give some sort of classification for field extensions (even just for function fields)? If not, are there any significant or useful results (e.g. for ...
2
votes
1answer
509 views

Is the higher direct image sheaf of a locally free sheaf over $\mathbb{P}^1$ locally free?

Let $f:X \to \mathbb{P}^1$ be a projective flat morphism, $X$ is a projective scheme. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a locally free sheaf on $X$. Are the higher direct image sheaves $R^if_*\mathcal{F}$ locally ...
2
votes
2answers
298 views

Topological information via cohomology of sheaves

On a projective smooth variety $X$ over complex numbers (or rather compact Kahler) we have a specific set of sheaves, namely sheaves of holomorphic forms ${\mathcal \Omega}^p$ of various degrees. The ...
2
votes
2answers
618 views

Top cohomology detecting compactness

I am looking for a reference for the fact that the top cohomology $H^n(X;A)$ of an $n$-dimensional manifold $X$ is non-trivial precisely when $X$ is compact. I tried to ask this question on ...