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27
votes
3answers
2k views

How should a homotopy theorist think about sheaf cohomology?

As a student of homotopy theory or algebraic topology, I have a certain outlook as to how one ought to think of a cohomology theory. There are axioms that help us with rudimentary computations, there ...
18
votes
2answers
656 views

Cohomologically trivial stacks

The following theorem of Serre is well-known: A noetherian scheme $X$ is affine if and only if $H^i(X; \mathcal{F}) = 0$ for all quasi-coherent sheaves $\mathcal{F}$ on $X$ and all $i>0$. (...
18
votes
2answers
1k views

How to Draw Complex Line Bundles

I am giving a presentation soon on the Classification of Complex Line Bundles and I would like to have some very "basic" visualizations to use as examples. Background and Context I am considering ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

Classification of rings satisfying $a^4=a$

We have the famous classification of rings satisfying $a^2=a$ (for each element $a$) in terms of Stone spaces, via $X \mapsto C(X,\mathbb{F}_2)$. Similarly, rings satisfying $a^3=a$ are classified by ...
13
votes
1answer
1k views

Where am I suppose to actually learn how to compute hypercohomology?

I'm reading about algebraic de Rham cohomology over characteristic zero which is constructed using hypercohomology. Already, constructing injective resolutions is difficult, and coupling this with ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

When does sheaf cohomology commute with arbitrary direct sums?

It is well known and more or less proven in Hartshorne's 'Algebraic Geometry' (p. 209) that for every noetherian scheme $X$ and every collection of abelian sheaves $\mathcal{F}_i$ the canonical map $$...
11
votes
1answer
303 views

Hodge to de Rham spectal sequence with twisted coefficients

Let $M$ be a smooth compact Kahler manifold and let $\mathcal{F}$ be a local system on $M$. Question 1: I assume that there exists a twisted Hodge to de Rham spectral sequence converging to $H^{p+q}(...
9
votes
1answer
606 views

Etale homology via étale cosheaves

Can one develop a theory of étale homology via étale cosheaves? The hope is that this would, for example, return the Tate module (and not its dual) for an elliptic curve, and it would return group ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

Non-cohomological proof that the pullback of an ample bundle by a finite morphism is ample

It is a standard fact that for any finite morphism of proper Noetherian $A$-schemes ($A$ being Noetherian), the pullback of an ample line bundle is ample. The usual proof of this fact is via Serre's ...
8
votes
2answers
484 views

Is $H^i(X,F)$ finitely generated over $\Gamma(O_X)$ if $F$ is coherent?

Suppose $\mathcal{X}$ is a smooth quasi-projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ (I apologize if these hypotheses have little to do with the question at hand). Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent sheaf on $\...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

Is there a (satisfying) proof that cellular cohomology is isomorphic to simplicial cohomology that doesn't use relative cohomlogy?

That singular and de Rham cohomologies of a smooth manifold are isomorphic has two proofs that I know of. The classical one uses Stokes' theorem to give the isomorphism explicitly. The second proof ...
8
votes
1answer
633 views

When does the sheaf cohomology of a topological space vanish?

The question is in the title. A more precise formulation is: Let $X$ be a topological space. When does $H^i(X,F) = 0$ for all $i > 0$ and all abelian sheaves $F$ on $X$? The obvious example is a ...
8
votes
1answer
123 views

Homology in the sections of an infinite exact sequence of injective sheaves of $\mathcal O_X$-modules?

Let $(X, \mathcal O_X)$ be a scheme and the following an infinite, exact sequence of injective sheaves of $\mathcal O_X$-modules: $$ \cdots \overset{f_5}\longrightarrow I_5\overset{f_4}\longrightarrow ...
8
votes
0answers
567 views

Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms of sheaf cohomology

Cohomology of a space is often defined axiomatically: a cohomology theory is a functor from pairs of spaces to abelian groups satisfying the Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms. Is there a similar ...
8
votes
0answers
377 views

Deducing properness from H^i(X,F) finitely generated over \Gamma(O_X)

Suppose that $X$ is a quasi-projective variety over a field $k$ and that we further know that for every coherent sheaf $\mathcal{F}$, $H^i(X,\mathcal{F})$ is finitely generated over $\Gamma(O_X)$. Is ...
8
votes
0answers
299 views

Dualizing complex of the product of two locally compact spaces

Hello! In the setting of locally compact Hausdorff spaces, I would like to understand the relation between the exterior product ${\mathbb D}_X\boxtimes{\mathbb D}_Y$ of the dualizing complexes of two ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Cohomology of line bundles

For sure answers to my questions are well known - but I never saw them anywhere. Let $X$ be a smooth projective (or just proper) variety over an algebraically closed field $k$. Let $A_i$ be the ...
7
votes
1answer
359 views

Local cohomology groups and linearity

I am reading local cohomology and am confused on a silly point. Let $U$ be an affine, non-singular variety and $Z \subset U$ a hypersurface section on $U$ (i.e., complete intersection in $U$ of ...
7
votes
1answer
852 views

Sheaf cohomology with compact supports (and Verdier duality?)

Consider a manifold and a complex where cochains are sections of vector bundles and coboundary maps are differential operators, which are locally exact except in lowest degree (think de Rham complex). ...
7
votes
0answers
165 views

“Flat” and “Affine” morphisms of smooth manifolds

Let $f: X \to Y$ be a qcqs morphism of qcqs schemes. We have the following characterizations: $f$ is flat $\iff$ $f^*:QCoh(Y) \to QCoh(X)$ is exact. $f$ is affine $\iff$ $f_*: QCoh(X) \to QCoh(Y)$ ...
6
votes
1answer
199 views

Sections of the conormal bundle

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^N$ be a quadratic manifold. That is $I(X)$ is generated by quadratic polynomials $Q_1,...,Q_m$. Let $\mathcal{I}_X$ be the ideal sheaf of $X$ and $\mathcal{I}_X/\mathcal{I}_X^...
6
votes
1answer
366 views

infinite grassmannian in algebraic geometry

Geometric realization of $B{\mathbb G}_{\mathfrak m}({\mathbb C})$ is ${\mathbb C}{\mathbb P}^\infty=\varinjlim_n~ {\mathbb C}{\mathbb P}^n_k$; what if one considers a separable field $k\neq {\...
6
votes
1answer
563 views

Basic properties of Nisnevich cohomology; $l'$-topology?

I would like to know more about Nisnevich cohomology (especially, on its properties that could be easily formulated). In particular, I would like to know which of the following statements are true, ...
6
votes
1answer
199 views

Do general sheaves on P^2 have cohomology governed by their Euler characteristic?

Suppose $\xi$ is chern character on $\mathbb P^2$. Then there is a moduli space $M(\xi)$ of semistable sheaves of chern character $\xi$. If $\xi$ has Euler characteristic 0, then apparently there is ...
5
votes
2answers
316 views

cohomology and $j_!$

I have a projective variety $X$ and an open immersion $j : U \to X$. Say I have a sheaf, locally free in my case of interest, $\mathcal{S}$ on $U$. Is there any reasonable relationship between $H^i(X,...
5
votes
1answer
349 views

Derived Equivalence of Sheaves and Homotopy

This question loosely elaborates on an earlier question. It is pretty silly, but I'd like to hear some authoritative answers. Recall that if $f:S^{\bullet}\to T^{\bullet}$ is a quasi-isomorphism of ...
5
votes
1answer
376 views

Sheaf cohomology invariant of weak homotopy type?

Is sheaf cohomology an invariant of the weak homotopy type? More precisely let $R$ be a commutative ring and $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a weak homotopy equivalence. Does it follow, that the induced maps $H^n(...
5
votes
1answer
215 views

Birational Invariants

Let $X$ be a smooth rational variety of dimension $n$. We have $\dim H^0(X,\Omega_X^p) = \dim H^0(\mathbb{P}^n,\Omega_{\mathbb{P}^n}^p)$ for any $p$. These are Hodge numbers. I know that we can not ...
5
votes
1answer
576 views

Sheaves with isomorphic cohomology, but not quasi-isomorphic

Suppose I have two (constructible) sheaves of vector spaces $F$ and $G$ over the same base space that have isomorphic cohomology (degree by degree), but no sheaf map inducing this isomorphism (i.e. ...
5
votes
1answer
97 views

Injective model structure on sheaves of bounded complexes of $A$-modules

The following might be very well known for people who works with model categories, but I do not find the answer. Let $A$-be a ring. Denote $\mathbf{Ch}_+(A)$ the category of positive degree cochain ...
5
votes
1answer
161 views

Coverings/Cech cohomology of totally disconnected spaces

For any topological space $X$ we have a natural functor $\text{Cov}_X \rightarrow \text{Fun}(\pi_1(X),\text{Set})$ from the category of coverings of $X$ to the category of functors $\pi_1(X) \...
5
votes
0answers
130 views

Push forward of the constant sheaf for a Serre's fibration

Let $f\colon X\to Y$ be a proper continuous map of topological spaces which is a Serre's fibration. $X$ and $Y$ may be assumed to be locally compact, $Y$ is connected topological manifold of finite ...
5
votes
0answers
123 views

$A_\infty$ structure on sum of twists of structure sheaf

Fix $n$ and let $P^n$ be projective $n$-space. Let $S = k[x_0, \dots, x_n]$. Set $A^0 = \bigoplus_{d \ge 0} H^0(P^n, \mathcal{O}(d))$ and $A^n = \bigoplus_{d < -n} H^n(P^n, \mathcal{O}(d))$. I ...
4
votes
2answers
759 views

Why Cech cohomology does not compute sheaf cohomology on an open annulus

Let $A=\{z\in\mathbf{C}:1/2<|z|<1\}$ be an open annulus. Let us cover $A$ by 3 open sets: $U_0,U_1$ and $U_2$ which we assume to be all homeomorphic to a 2 dimensional open disc. Moreover, we ...
4
votes
2answers
200 views

Equivalence of different cohomology groups

Let $X$ be a topological space (may be assumed to be locally compact). Let $A$ be either a field or $\mathbb{Z}$. One can consider various cohomology groups: (1) singular cohomology $H_{sing}^*(X,A)$;...
4
votes
2answers
305 views

Exact sequence of groups to exact sequence of sheaves

Disclaimer: This is a cross-listing of a math.stackexchange post. While not research level, after a week of no response, I figured I would ask it here. For a topological group $G$ and a topological ...
4
votes
2answers
478 views

If $f: X \to Y$ is a finite flat morphism of schemes, $g: Y \to Z$ is a proper morphism of relative dimension one, $Z$ is affine and $E$ is a vector bundle on $Y$ with $R^1g_*E=0$ then $H^1(X,f^*E)=0$?

Let $f: X \to Y$ and $g: Y \to Z$ be morphisms of schemes* such that f is flat and finite, g is proper and $R^{> 1}g_*E=0$ for all sheaves and Z is affine. Let E be a vector bundle on Y such that $...
4
votes
1answer
468 views

The Gauss-Bonnet theorem for Sheaves

Euler Characteristic of Sheaves and the Generalized Gauss-Bonnet Theorem Consider a sheaf $\mathscr{F}$ over a site $\mathscr{(C,J)}$, where $\mathscr{C}$ is a small category with a coverage $\...
4
votes
1answer
560 views

Are injective quasi-coherent modules acyclic?

Let $X$ be a scheme and $F$ be an injective object of $\mathrm{Qcoh}(X)$. Is it true that $F$ is acyclic with respect to the usual sheaf cohomology? For noetherian schemes $X$ this is well-known; ...
4
votes
1answer
185 views

Does the nearby cycle functor commute with the Verdier duality?

I would be interested to know the answer to the above question for the constructible bounded derived category on complex analytic or complex algebraic manifolds (or some other context). A reference ...
4
votes
1answer
408 views

Construction of generalized Eilenberg-MacLane spaces

The Eilenberg-MacLane spaces $K(G,q)$ are readily generalized to study cohomology with local coefficients.The generalized Eilenberg-MacLane space $K_{\pi}(G,q)$ are spaces with only two nnvanishing ...
4
votes
1answer
204 views

Surjectivity of certain cohomology groups on hypersurfaces of high degree

I had been reading an article by Spencer Bloch. There is a remark in this text which states the surjectivity of a particular map between cohomology groups without explaining further. I had been trying ...
4
votes
1answer
195 views

A mysterious quasi-isomorphism in Kashiwara-Schapira's proof of HKR

On p. 127 of Kashiwara-Schapira's paper "Deformation Quantization Modules", there is the following situation: $X$ is a smooth complex (quasi?)projective variety and $\delta\colon X\to X\times X$ is ...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

On push-forward of the constant sheaf for fibrations

Let $f\colon E\to B$ be a fiber bundle with a connected fiber $F$, $f$ is proper. Let $\underline{\mathbb{C}}_E$ be the constant sheaf on $E$. Let $f_*(\underline{\mathbb{C}}_E)$ denote its direct ...
4
votes
1answer
356 views

Leray's theorem up to some degree

I am interested in the proof of Leray's theorem that relates Čech cohomology and sheaf cohomology. The theorem states that if we have a space $X$, a sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ and a covering of $X$ such ...
4
votes
1answer
211 views

Relating deformations of a scheme to deformations of its singular locus

Let $X$ be a normal scheme with quotient singularities and $Y\subset X$ its singular locus. The first order deformations of $X$ are parametrized by $\mathcal{E}xt^{1}(\Omega_{X},\mathcal{O}_{X})$. ...
4
votes
0answers
50 views

Reference request: local cohomology in disjoint union

I have a topological space $X$ and two disjoint, closed subspaces $Y$ and $Z$ of $X$. I believe that in this situation, for any abelian sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ on $X$ and any $p \in \mathbb{N}$, there is ...
4
votes
0answers
142 views

Proper base change for non-quasicoherent sheaves

For a proper flat map $f: X \to Y$ (of reasonable schemes) and a closed embedding $i: Y' \to Y$, we know by EGA the base change quasi-isomorphism, where $f'$ and $i'$ are the pullbacks of $f$ and $i$: ...
4
votes
0answers
108 views

Cohomology of $Sym^m Q \otimes Sym^k Q \otimes L^p$

Let $V$ be a complex vector space. Let $L=\mathcal{O}(-1)$ and $Q=V/L$ be the quotient bundle over $\mathbb{P}V$. I'm trying to compute the cohomologies with coefficients in $Sym^m Q \otimes Sym^k Q \...
4
votes
0answers
356 views

Cohomology of a sheaf with only one stalk

Let $X$ be a proper scheme over a henselian discrete valation ring. I have a Nisnevich sheaf $F$ of which has only one stalk at the generic point of $X$ (and all other stalks vanish). I believe that ...