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4
votes
0answers
76 views

$A_\infty$ structure on sum of twists of structure sheaf

Fix $n$ and let $P^n$ be projective $n$-space. Let $S = k[x_0, \dots, x_n]$. Set $A^0 = \bigoplus_{d \ge 0} H^0(P^n, \mathcal{O}(d))$ and $A^n = \bigoplus_{d < -n} H^n(P^n, \mathcal{O}(d))$. I ...
1
vote
1answer
260 views

Hartshorne Proposition III 8.1

In the proposition mentioned in the title, Hartshorne states that for each $i\geq 0$ the higher direct image sheaf $R^if_*\mathcal F$ is exactly the sheafification of the presheaf given by $V \mapsto ...
1
vote
2answers
172 views

Sheaf cohomology on non paracompact topological spaces

I have some confusion on the subject of sheaf cohomology on non-paracompact topological spaces, i hope you can help me. My reference is Godement's book "Topologie algebrique et theorie dex ...
16
votes
3answers
1k views

Classification of rings satisfying $a^4=a$

We have the famous classification of rings satisfying $a^2=a$ (for each element $a$) in terms of Stone spaces, via $X \mapsto C(X,\mathbb{F}_2)$. Similarly, rings satisfying $a^3=a$ are classified by ...
2
votes
0answers
146 views

l-adic cohomology and perverse sheaves

Let consider the map $tr:\mathbb{G}_{m}^{n}\rightarrow\mathbb{A}^{1}_{\mathbb{F}_{q}}$ given by the sum of the coordinates and let $\psi:\mathbb{F}_{q}\rightarrow\mathbb{Q}_{l}^{*}$ a non trivial ...
4
votes
1answer
274 views

Construction of generalized Eilenberg-MacLane spaces

The Eilenberg-MacLane spaces $K(G,q)$ are readily generalized to study cohomology with local coefficients.The generalized Eilenberg-MacLane space $K_{\pi}(G,q)$ are spaces with only two nnvanishing ...
2
votes
0answers
104 views

$\delta$-functor and commutativity of pull-back with right derivation

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a faithfully flat projective morphism of noetherial $\mathbb{C}$-schemes. Assume that $Y$ is affine, smooth over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $y \in Y$ be a closed point with residue field, ...
0
votes
0answers
122 views

Cohomology group vs sheaf of cohomology group

Suppose $F$ is a coherent sheaf on a smooth (algebraic or complex) variety $X$. Then we can consider the cohomology groups $$H^p(X,F)$$ for all $i$. Now, let we consider the sheaf ...
4
votes
1answer
180 views

Surjectivity of certain cohomology groups on hypersurfaces of high degree

I had been reading an article by Spencer Bloch. There is a remark in this text which states the surjectivity of a particular map between cohomology groups without explaining further. I had been trying ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

Cohomology and quotients for the canonical topology

Recall that for any category $\mathcal C$, there is a unique finest topology, the canonical topology on $\mathcal C$ for which all representable functors are sheaves. I am interested in the example ...
4
votes
1answer
336 views

The Gauss-Bonnet theorem for Sheaves

Euler Characteristic of Sheaves and the Generalized Gauss-Bonnet Theorem Consider a sheaf $\mathscr{F}$ over a site $\mathscr{(C,J)}$, where $\mathscr{C}$ is a small category with a coverage ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Equivariant Sheaves, Local system

Let $(G,m)$ be a group scheme unipotent, and $L$ a local system of rank 1 on $G$ such that: $m^*(L) \simeq L \boxtimes L $. Then why is $L$ an equivariant sheaf on $G$ with the action the ...
0
votes
3answers
285 views

Higher cohomology of sheaves on a projective space

Let $S\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a finite set of $s$ reduced points. Let $\mathcal{I}$ be the ideal sheaf of $S$ in $\mathbb{P}^n$. We consider the sheaf ...
5
votes
1answer
265 views

infinite grassmannian in algebraic geometry

Geometric realization of $B{\mathbb G}_{\mathfrak m}({\mathbb C})$ is ${\mathbb C}{\mathbb P}^\infty=\varinjlim_n~ {\mathbb C}{\mathbb P}^n_k$; what if one considers a separable field $k\neq ...
3
votes
1answer
278 views

Cohomology and proper base change

Let $\pi:\mathcal{X} \to B$ be a flat, projective surjective morphism over $\mathbb{C}$. Assume that $B$ is a smooth quasi-projective curve. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent sheaf on $\mathcal{X}$, ...
4
votes
2answers
575 views

Why Cech cohomology does not compute sheaf cohomology on an open annulus

Let $A=\{z\in\mathbf{C}:1/2<|z|<1\}$ be an open annulus. Let us cover $A$ by 3 open sets: $U_0,U_1$ and $U_2$ which we assume to be all homeomorphic to a 2 dimensional open disc. Moreover, we ...
2
votes
0answers
207 views

Cech cohomology.

Let us consider the scheme $X$ and the coherent sheaf $\cal F$ on it. We consider finitely many affine open covers $U_{\lambda}$ with $\lambda \in \Lambda$. When I calculate Cech cohomology with ...
3
votes
4answers
565 views

Sheaves with no cohomology

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety of dimension $d$ over a field $k$. Suppose $\mathcal F$ is a coherent sheaf on $X$ such that $H^i(X,\mathcal F) = 0$, for all $i$. What can one say about ...
1
vote
1answer
216 views

A functorial property of higher right derived functors

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a projective morphism of complex Noetherian schemes. Assume $Y$ is smooth and for all $y \in Y$, $f^{-1}(y)$ is of pure dimension $1$. Let $\mathcal{F}_1, \mathcal{F}_2$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
162 views

Pull-back of globally generated sheaves

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$, $D=\sum_i n_iD_i$ an effective Cartier divisor. Let $C$ be a smooth irreducible curve on $X$. Denote by $i:C \hookrightarrow X$ is the closed ...
1
vote
2answers
238 views

Cohomology of sheaf extended by zero

Let $X$ be a projective scheme of pure dimension $1$. Let $U$ be a open subscheme and $j:U \to X$ the open immersion. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent sheaf on $U$. Denote by $j_!(\mathcal{F})$ the ...
1
vote
1answer
113 views

Restriction of sheaves on curves

Let $C$ be a scheme of pure dimension $1$. Let $C_1$ be a closed subscheme of $C$ of pure dimension $1$. Denote by $i:C_1 \hookrightarrow C$ a closed immersion. Given a sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ on $C$, ...
0
votes
1answer
103 views

The Existence of Pure Resolutions, Given a Degree Sequence?

I have been trying to understand the proof of the following theorem for the last month, I read some basics of sheaves theory and their cohomology, but still can't get the idea of this important ...
0
votes
1answer
221 views

Example of non-vanishing of first cohomology of a torsion coherent sheaf on a curve

By a curve we mean a projective scheme of pure dimension one. Can some one give an example of a curve $C$ and a torsion coherent sheaf on $C$ such that its first cohomology group does not vanish? ...
2
votes
1answer
256 views

Compare global sections of restriction and pullback of sheaves

Let $X$ be a projective scheme and $X \subset \mathbb{P}^n$ for some positive integer $n$. Let $j:Z \hookrightarrow X$ be a closed subscheme. Is it true that $H^0(j^*\mathcal{N}_{X|\mathbb{P}^n}) ...
4
votes
1answer
195 views

Relating deformations of a scheme to deformations of its singular locus

Let $X$ be a normal scheme with quotient singularities and $Y\subset X$ its singular locus. The first order deformations of $X$ are parametrized by $\mathcal{E}xt^{1}(\Omega_{X},\mathcal{O}_{X})$. ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Convolution of DQ-Modules

On page 92 of Deformation Quantization Modules Kashiwara and Schapira define two different convolution products for DQ-modules that differ by whether one uses $Rp_{13*}$ or $Rp_{13!}$ to push ...
3
votes
1answer
255 views

Explicit examples presheaves associated to higher direct images which fail to be sheaves

So I would like to have a few simple examples where the presheaf associated to higher direct image of sheaf fails to be sheaf. So I'm looking for two (natural and simple) topological spaces $X$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
414 views

Is the higher direct image sheaf of a locally free sheaf over $\mathbb{P}^1$ locally free?

Let $f:X \to \mathbb{P}^1$ be a projective flat morphism, $X$ is a projective scheme. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a locally free sheaf on $X$. Are the higher direct image sheaves $R^if_*\mathcal{F}$ locally ...
1
vote
1answer
288 views

Cohomology of tangent bundles

Let $X$ be a smooth scheme and $Z\subset X$ a smooth subscheme. Consider the blow-up $$\pi:\widetilde{X}:=Bl_{Z}X\rightarrow X$$ of $X$ along $Z$. What is the relation between the cohomology of the ...
2
votes
2answers
291 views

Topological information via cohomology of sheaves

On a projective smooth variety $X$ over complex numbers (or rather compact Kahler) we have a specific set of sheaves, namely sheaves of holomorphic forms ${\mathcal \Omega}^p$ of various degrees. The ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

global sections of higher direct images of étale sheaves

Is there a useful criterion for when $\Gamma(X, R^qf_*F) = H^q(X',F)$, $f: X' \to X$, $F$ an étale sheaf on $X'$?
7
votes
1answer
724 views

Sheaf cohomology with compact supports (and Verdier duality?)

Consider a manifold and a complex where cochains are sections of vector bundles and coboundary maps are differential operators, which are locally exact except in lowest degree (think de Rham complex). ...
3
votes
1answer
178 views

Euler Characteristic of Coverings via Sheaf Theory

Let $X$ be a nice space (compact $CW$-complex or triangulated space, compact manifold, whatever works), $f:Y\to X$ be a finite covering of degree $n$, and $\chi(X)$ be the euler characteristic. By the ...
1
vote
2answers
127 views

Terminology: complex of sheaves with cohomology sheaves concentrated in degree zero

What is the proper terminology for a complex of sheaves $\mathcal F^\bullet$ whose homology sheaves $\mathcal H^i\mathcal F^\bullet$ vanish for $i\ne 0$?
0
votes
0answers
242 views

Global sections of twisting ideal sheaf of a smooth closed point on a projective space

Let $X = \mathbb{P}^n_k$ be a projective space over an algebraically closed field $k$ and $x$ be a closed point. Given an integer $m$ and a positive integer $r$. What are the global sections of ...
8
votes
1answer
529 views

When does the sheaf cohomology of a topological space vanish?

The question is in the title. A more precise formulation is: Let $X$ be a topological space. When does $H^i(X,F) = 0$ for all $i > 0$ and all abelian sheaves $F$ on $X$? The obvious example is a ...
2
votes
2answers
257 views

Leray spectral sequence of the inclusion of an open subvariety

Let $X$ be a smooth variety over a field $k \subset \mathbb{C}$ and $Z$ a smooth subvariety. Let $U=X-Z$. I'm trying to understand what information do the Leray spectral sequences attached to the ...
9
votes
1answer
467 views

Etale homology via étale cosheaves

Can one develop a theory of étale homology via étale cosheaves? The hope is that this would, for example, return the Tate module (and not its dual) for an elliptic curve, and it would return group ...
9
votes
2answers
822 views

When does sheaf cohomology commute with arbitrary direct sums?

It is well known and more or less proven in Hartshorne's 'Algebraic Geometry' (p. 209) that for every noetherian scheme $X$ and every collection of abelian sheaves $\mathcal{F}_i$ the canonical map ...
18
votes
2answers
555 views

Cohomologically trivial stacks

The following theorem of Serre is well-known: A noetherian scheme $X$ is affine if and only if $H^i(X; \mathcal{F}) = 0$ for all quasi-coherent sheaves $\mathcal{F}$ on $X$ and all $i>0$. ...
7
votes
0answers
417 views

Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms of sheaf cohomology

Cohomology of a space is often defined axiomatically: a cohomology theory is a functor from pairs of spaces to abelian groups satisfying the Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms. Is there a similar ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

How can one compute the cohomology of $i'^*C$, for $i':\mathbb{A}^{N-1}\setminus \{0\}\to \mathbb{A}^{N}\setminus \{0\} $?

For an (etale or 'topological', constructible bounded) complex of sheaves $C$ on $X'=\mathbb{A}^{N}\setminus \{0\} $, $i'$ being the embedding $\mathbb{A}^{N-1}\setminus \{0\}\to ...
2
votes
2answers
313 views

Vanishing of Ext group

Let $C$ be a cartier divisor on a smooth projective surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Then we get the short exact sequence $$0 \to \mathcal{O}_X(-C) \to \mathcal{O}_X(-C_{red}) \to F \to 0$$ for some sheaf ...
4
votes
0answers
324 views

Cohomology of a sheaf with only one stalk

Let $X$ be a proper scheme over a henselian discrete valation ring. I have a Nisnevich sheaf $F$ of which has only one stalk at the generic point of $X$ (and all other stalks vanish). I believe that ...
6
votes
4answers
952 views

Cohomology of line bundles

For sure answers to my questions are well known - but I never saw them anywhere. Let $X$ be a smooth projective (or just proper) variety over an algebraically closed field $k$. Let $A_i$ be the ...
5
votes
2answers
252 views

cohomology and $j_!$

I have a projective variety $X$ and an open immersion $j : U \to X$. Say I have a sheaf, locally free in my case of interest, $\mathcal{S}$ on $U$. Is there any reasonable relationship between ...
0
votes
2answers
261 views

Cohomology groups interpreted as sheafs

Hi Folks, I just came across a few lines where a (sheaf-)cohomology group of a scheme is treated as a sheaf. I've never seen this in Hartshorne. Could you give any reference for this? Thanks Steven ...
2
votes
2answers
527 views

Top cohomology detecting compactness

I am looking for a reference for the fact that the top cohomology $H^n(X;A)$ of an $n$-dimensional manifold $X$ is non-trivial precisely when $X$ is compact. I tried to ask this question on ...
18
votes
2answers
964 views

How to Draw Complex Line Bundles

I am giving a presentation soon on the Classification of Complex Line Bundles and I would like to have some very "basic" visualizations to use as examples. Background and Context I am considering ...