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4
votes
2answers
491 views

Why Cech cohomology does not compute sheaf cohomology on an open annulus

Let $A=\{z\in\mathbf{C}:1/2<|z|<1\}$ be an open annulus. Let us cover $A$ by 3 open sets: $U_0,U_1$ and $U_2$ which we assume to be all homeomorphic to a 2 dimensional open disc. Moreover, we ...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Cech cohomology.

Let us consider the scheme $X$ and the coherent sheaf $\cal F$ on it. We consider finitely many affine open covers $U_{\lambda}$ with $\lambda \in \Lambda$. When I calculate Cech cohomology with ...
3
votes
4answers
486 views

Sheaves with no cohomology

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety of dimension $d$ over a field $k$. Suppose $\mathcal F$ is a coherent sheaf on $X$ such that $H^i(X,\mathcal F) = 0$, for all $i$. What can one say about ...
1
vote
1answer
202 views

A functorial property of higher right derived functors

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a projective morphism of complex Noetherian schemes. Assume $Y$ is smooth and for all $y \in Y$, $f^{-1}(y)$ is of pure dimension $1$. Let $\mathcal{F}_1, \mathcal{F}_2$ and ...
1
vote
0answers
132 views

Pull-back of globally generated sheaves

Let $X$ be a smooth projective surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$, $D=\sum_i n_iD_i$ an effective Cartier divisor. Let $C$ be a smooth irreducible curve on $X$. Denote by $i:C \hookrightarrow X$ is the closed ...
1
vote
2answers
218 views

Cohomology of sheaf extended by zero

Let $X$ be a projective scheme of pure dimension $1$. Let $U$ be a open subscheme and $j:U \to X$ the open immersion. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent sheaf on $U$. Denote by $j_!(\mathcal{F})$ the ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Restriction of sheaves on curves

Let $C$ be a scheme of pure dimension $1$. Let $C_1$ be a closed subscheme of $C$ of pure dimension $1$. Denote by $i:C_1 \hookrightarrow C$ a closed immersion. Given a sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ on $C$, ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

The Existence of Pure Resolutions, Given a Degree Sequence?

I have been trying to understand the proof of the following theorem for the last month, I read some basics of sheaves theory and their cohomology, but still can't get the idea of this important ...
0
votes
1answer
174 views

Example of non-vanishing of first cohomology of a torsion coherent sheaf on a curve

By a curve we mean a projective scheme of pure dimension one. Can some one give an example of a curve $C$ and a torsion coherent sheaf on $C$ such that its first cohomology group does not vanish? ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

Compare global sections of restriction and pullback of sheaves

Let $X$ be a projective scheme and $X \subset \mathbb{P}^n$ for some positive integer $n$. Let $j:Z \hookrightarrow X$ be a closed subscheme. Is it true that $H^0(j^*\mathcal{N}_{X|\mathbb{P}^n}) ...
6
votes
0answers
148 views

Relating deformations of a scheme to deformations of its singular locus

Let $X$ be a normal scheme with quotient singularities and $Y\subset X$ its singular locus. The first order deformations of $X$ are parametrized by $\mathcal{E}xt^{1}(\Omega_{X},\mathcal{O}_{X})$. ...
3
votes
0answers
40 views

Convolution of DQ-Modules

On page 92 of Deformation Quantization Modules Kashiwara and Schapira define two different convolution products for DQ-modules that differ by whether one uses $Rp_{13*}$ or $Rp_{13!}$ to push ...
3
votes
1answer
236 views

Explicit examples presheaves associated to higher direct images which fail to be sheaves

So I would like to have a few simple examples where the presheaf associated to higher direct image of sheaf fails to be sheaf. So I'm looking for two (natural and simple) topological spaces $X$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
360 views

Is the higher direct image sheaf of a locally free sheaf over $\mathbb{P}^1$ locally free?

Let $f:X \to \mathbb{P}^1$ be a projective flat morphism, $X$ is a projective scheme. Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a locally free sheaf on $X$. Are the higher direct image sheaves $R^if_*\mathcal{F}$ locally ...
2
votes
1answer
216 views

Cohomology of tangent bundles

Let $X$ be a smooth scheme and $Z\subset X$ a smooth subscheme. Consider the blow-up $$\pi:\widetilde{X}:=Bl_{Z}X\rightarrow X$$ of $X$ along $Z$. What is the relation between the cohomology of the ...
2
votes
2answers
278 views

Topological information via cohomology of sheaves

On a projective smooth variety $X$ over complex numbers (or rather compact Kahler) we have a specific set of sheaves, namely sheaves of holomorphic forms ${\mathcal \Omega}^p$ of various degrees. The ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

Godement resolution

Let $k$ be a field, $X$ a reasonable space, $k_{X}$ the constant (1-dimensional) sheaf on $X$. Write $\mathcal{G}^{\bullet}(k_X)$ for the Godement resolution of $k_X$. For each $n>0$, is ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

global sections of higher direct images of étale sheaves

Is there a useful criterion for when $\Gamma(X, R^qf_*F) = H^q(X',F)$, $f: X' \to X$, $F$ an étale sheaf on $X'$?
8
votes
1answer
668 views

Sheaf cohomology with compact supports (and Verdier duality?)

Consider a manifold and a complex where cochains are sections of vector bundles and coboundary maps are differential operators, which are locally exact except in lowest degree (think de Rham complex). ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Euler Characteristic of Coverings via Sheaf Theory

Let $X$ be a nice space (compact $CW$-complex or triangulated space, compact manifold, whatever works), $f:Y\to X$ be a finite covering of degree $n$, and $\chi(X)$ be the euler characteristic. By the ...
1
vote
2answers
118 views

Terminology: complex of sheaves with cohomology sheaves concentrated in degree zero

What is the proper terminology for a complex of sheaves $\mathcal F^\bullet$ whose homology sheaves $\mathcal H^i\mathcal F^\bullet$ vanish for $i\ne 0$?
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Equivariant and compactly supported version of a theorem of Leray

In "Théorie des Faisceaux", Godement states the following theorem due to Leray (Theorem 5.2.5, page 209). Let ${\mathcal M}=(M_i )_{i\in I}$ be a locally finite closed covering of a topological ...
0
votes
0answers
179 views

Global sections of twisting ideal sheaf of a smooth closed point on a projective space

Let $X = \mathbb{P}^n_k$ be a projective space over an algebraically closed field $k$ and $x$ be a closed point. Given an integer $m$ and a positive integer $r$. What are the global sections of ...
8
votes
1answer
486 views

When does the sheaf cohomology of a topological space vanish?

The question is in the title. A more precise formulation is: Let $X$ be a topological space. When does $H^i(X,F) = 0$ for all $i > 0$ and all abelian sheaves $F$ on $X$? The obvious example is a ...
1
vote
2answers
238 views

Leray spectral sequence of the inclusion of an open subvariety

Let $X$ be a smooth variety over a field $k \subset \mathbb{C}$ and $Z$ a smooth subvariety. Let $U=X-Z$. I'm trying to understand what information do the Leray spectral sequences attached to the ...
9
votes
1answer
423 views

Etale homology via étale cosheaves

Can one develop a theory of étale homology via étale cosheaves? The hope is that this would, for example, return the Tate module (and not its dual) for an elliptic curve, and it would return group ...
7
votes
2answers
611 views

When does sheaf cohomology commute with arbitrary direct sums?

It is well known and more or less proven in Hartshorne's 'Algebraic Geometry' (p. 209) that for every noetherian scheme $X$ and every collection of abelian sheaves $\mathcal{F}_i$ the canonical map ...
18
votes
2answers
532 views

Cohomologically trivial stacks

The following theorem of Serre is well-known: A noetherian scheme $X$ is affine if and only if $H^i(X; \mathcal{F}) = 0$ for all quasi-coherent sheaves $\mathcal{F}$ on $X$ and all $i>0$. ...
6
votes
0answers
395 views

Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms of sheaf cohomology

Cohomology of a space is often defined axiomatically: a cohomology theory is a functor from pairs of spaces to abelian groups satisfying the Eilenberg-Steenrod axioms. Is there a similar ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

How can one compute the cohomology of $i'^*C$, for $i':\mathbb{A}^{N-1}\setminus \{0\}\to \mathbb{A}^{N}\setminus \{0\} $?

For an (etale or 'topological', constructible bounded) complex of sheaves $C$ on $X'=\mathbb{A}^{N}\setminus \{0\} $, $i'$ being the embedding $\mathbb{A}^{N-1}\setminus \{0\}\to ...
2
votes
2answers
282 views

Vanishing of Ext group

Let $C$ be a cartier divisor on a smooth projective surface in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Then we get the short exact sequence $$0 \to \mathcal{O}_X(-C) \to \mathcal{O}_X(-C_{red}) \to F \to 0$$ for some sheaf ...
4
votes
0answers
303 views

Cohomology of a sheaf with only one stalk

Let $X$ be a proper scheme over a henselian discrete valation ring. I have a Nisnevich sheaf $F$ of which has only one stalk at the generic point of $X$ (and all other stalks vanish). I believe that ...
6
votes
4answers
792 views

Cohomology of line bundles

For sure answers to my questions are well known - but I never saw them anywhere. Let $X$ be a smooth projective (or just proper) variety over an algebraically closed field $k$. Let $A_i$ be the ...
5
votes
2answers
235 views

cohomology and $j_!$

I have a projective variety $X$ and an open immersion $j : U \to X$. Say I have a sheaf, locally free in my case of interest, $\mathcal{S}$ on $U$. Is there any reasonable relationship between ...
0
votes
2answers
252 views

Cohomology groups interpreted as sheafs

Hi Folks, I just came across a few lines where a (sheaf-)cohomology group of a scheme is treated as a sheaf. I've never seen this in Hartshorne. Could you give any reference for this? Thanks Steven ...
2
votes
2answers
468 views

Top cohomology detecting compactness

I am looking for a reference for the fact that the top cohomology $H^n(X;A)$ of an $n$-dimensional manifold $X$ is non-trivial precisely when $X$ is compact. I tried to ask this question on ...
18
votes
2answers
885 views

How to Draw Complex Line Bundles

I am giving a presentation soon on the Classification of Complex Line Bundles and I would like to have some very "basic" visualizations to use as examples. Background and Context I am considering ...
1
vote
0answers
191 views

why is the local field Q_l not an etale sheaf over a scheme X?

I would like to know the reason why the local field Q_l is not an etale sheaf over a scheme X while its ring of integers Z_l can be regarded as a constant etale sheaf?
1
vote
1answer
291 views

Is this Sequences of Complexes of Sheaves Exact?

So in another question of mine there is a sequence of complexes of sheaves which the author asserts is exact. Let $K^{\bullet} = \underline{\mathbb{C}}^* \ \underrightarrow{d\ log} \ ...
2
votes
0answers
291 views

Weil Kostant Integrality Result as Stated by Brylisnki

I'm reading through Brylinski's "Loop Spaces, Characteristic Classes and Geometric Quantization" and I am stuck on a piece of Theorem 2.2.15, which asserts that If $K$ is a closed complex-valued ...
1
vote
2answers
258 views

Cohomology of a cochain complex of acyclic sheaves

Ok, sort of as a follow up to my previous question, let's recall the de Rham-Weil theorem: Let $F$ be a sheaf on a topological space $X$ and let $\mathcal{L}^{\bullet}$ be an acyclic resolution of ...
3
votes
1answer
270 views

Sheaf cohomology invariant of weak homotopy type?

Is sheaf cohomology an invariant of the weak homotopy type? More precisely let $R$ be a commutative ring and $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a weak homotopy equivalence. Does it follow, that the induced maps ...
8
votes
0answers
346 views

Deducing properness from H^i(X,F) finitely generated over \Gamma(O_X)

Suppose that $X$ is a quasi-projective variety over a field $k$ and that we further know that for every coherent sheaf $\mathcal{F}$, $H^i(X,\mathcal{F})$ is finitely generated over $\Gamma(O_X)$. Is ...
7
votes
2answers
426 views

Is $H^i(X,F)$ finitely generated over $\Gamma(O_X)$ if $F$ is coherent?

Suppose $\mathcal{X}$ is a smooth quasi-projective variety over $\mathbb{C}$ (I apologize if these hypotheses have little to do with the question at hand). Let $\mathcal{F}$ be a coherent sheaf on ...
4
votes
1answer
381 views

Are injective quasi-coherent modules acyclic?

Let $X$ be a scheme and $F$ be an injective object of $\mathrm{Qcoh}(X)$. Is it true that $F$ is acyclic with respect to the usual sheaf cohomology? For noetherian schemes $X$ this is well-known; ...
2
votes
2answers
325 views

sheaves for which the derived (compact or not) pushforward is zero

Conventions: sheaf = complex of constructible sheaves (in the l-adic setup with etale tplg or in the complex coefficients setup with analytical tplg). I would like to understand if there is an ...
3
votes
2answers
432 views

If $f: X \to Y$ is a finite flat morphism of schemes, $g: Y \to Z$ is a proper morphism of relative dimension one, $Z$ is affine and $E$ is a vector bundle on $Y$ with $R^1g_*E=0$ then $H^1(X,f^*E)=0$?

Let $f: X \to Y$ and $g: Y \to Z$ be morphisms of schemes* such that f is flat and finite, g is proper and $R^{> 1}g_*E=0$ for all sheaves and Z is affine. Let E be a vector bundle on Y such that ...
2
votes
0answers
125 views

Intersections of components of 'simple' ('local") Zariski coverings

I would like to study the ordered Cech cohomology with respect to a Zariski covering of a variety. I can pass to the limit with respect to refinements; the components of the 'limit covering' will be ...
4
votes
1answer
320 views

Derived Equivalence of Sheaves and Homotopy

This question loosely elaborates on an earlier question. It is pretty silly, but I'd like to hear some authoritative answers. Recall that if $f:S^{\bullet}\to T^{\bullet}$ is a quasi-isomorphism of ...
6
votes
1answer
437 views

Basic properties of Nisnevich cohomology; $l'$-topology?

I would like to know more about Nisnevich cohomology (especially, on its properties that could be easily formulated). In particular, I would like to know which of the following statements are true, ...