Hamiltonian systems, symplectic flows, classical integrable systems

**50**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### Why hasn't anyone proved that the two standard approaches to quantizing Chern-Simons theory are equivalent?

The two standard approaches to the quantization of Chern-Simons theory are geometric quantization of character varieties, and quantum groups plus skein theory. These two approaches were both first ...

**39**

votes

**9**answers

4k views

### Examples in mirror symmetry that can be understood.

It seems to me, that a typical science often has simple and important examples whose formulation can be understood (or at least there are some outcomes that can be understood). So if we consider ...

**38**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### About a letter by Richard Palais of 1965.

In Cushman and Bates, Global Aspects of Classical Integrable Systems, 1997, I have read
In a widely circulated but unpublished letter in 1965, Palais explained the symplectic formulation of ...

**34**

votes

**8**answers

6k views

### What is a Lagrangian submanifold intuitively?

What are good ways to think about Lagrangian submanifolds?
Why should one care about them?
More generally: same questions about (co)isotropic ones.
Answers from a classical mechanics point of view ...

**34**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Can cotangent bundles see exotic smooth structures?

I have two questions that are inspired by a couple of questions here on MO (referenced below), as well as by a conversation with some other grad students at a summer school.
Caveat: I'm not a ...

**31**

votes

**1**answer

932 views

### What is the meaning of $(h^{11},h^{21})\to (h^{11}-240,h^{21}+240)$ in Calabi-Yau threefolds?

By browsing through the Hodge data of known Calabi-Yau threefolds, I stumbled upon an observation that frequently enough a pair of Hodge numbers $(h^{11},h^{21})$ comes together with the pair $ ...

**30**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### are there natural examples of classical mechanics that happens on a symplectic manifold that isn't a cotangent bundle?

I'm curious about just how far the abstraction to a symplectic formalism can be justified by appeal to actual physical examples. There's good motivation, for example, for working over an arbitrary ...

**27**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### High-Dimensional Analogs of Polygon Spaces

[Edit: I had a mistake in the numerology (took d=6,5 instead of d=5,4). Edit: I mistakenly identified my mistake, it is 6,5 but I got the indices shifted by one.]
Background: Polygon spaces
Given a ...

**27**

votes

**0**answers

853 views

### Why are there so few quaternionic representations of simple groups?

Having spent many hours looking through the Atlas of Finite Simple Groups while in Grad school, I recall being rather intrigued by the fact that among the sporadic groups, only one (McLaughlin as I ...

**25**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### When is a symplectic manifold equivalent to a cotangent bundle?

Let $X$ be a differentiable manifold. Its cotangent bundle $T^*X$ carries a canonical 1-form $
\alpha$ whose exterior differential $\omega = d\alpha$ endows $T^*X$ with the structure of a symplectic ...

**22**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### When are two symplectic forms “isotopic”?

I've been skulking around MathOverflow for about a month, reading questions and answers and comments, and I guess it's about time I asked a question myself, so here is one has interested me for a long ...

**21**

votes

**4**answers

5k views

### What is a symplectic form intuitively?

Hi,
to completely describe a classical mechanical system, you need to do three things:
-Specify a manifold $X$, the phase space. Intuitively this is the space of all possible states of your system.
...

**20**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Classical mechanics motivation for poisson manifolds?

Suppose I want to understand classical mechanics.
Why should I be interested in arbitrary poisson manifolds and not just in symplectic ones?
What are examples of systems best described by non ...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

759 views

### Are symplectic methods used in (classical) Economics?

The tl;dr question is this: are economists using coordinate-free formulations in studying theory?
Borrowing from classical mechanics, the framework I have in mind for classical economics--involving ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### What is the relationship between integrable systems and toric degenerations?

Given an integrable system on a Kahler manifold X, is there a way to associate a toric degeneration of X whose Milnor fibers are related to the fibers of the integrable system?
An integrable system ...

**19**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Roadmap for Mirror Symmetry

I am interested in learning Mirror Symmetry, both from the SYZ and Homological point of view. I am taking a reading course in Mirror Symmetry, which will focus on the SYZ side.
I know basic Complex ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

857 views

### Can a Lagrangian submanifold of ${\mathbb R}^{2n}$ be dense ($n>1$)?

I'm betting `yes, sure!', but don't see it. Could someone please point me toward,
or construct for me, a Lagrangian submanifold immersed in
standard symplectic ${\mathbb R}^{2n}$ for $n > 1$, ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Manifolds distinguished by Gromov-Witten invariants?

What is the simplest example of a manifold M^2n that admits two different symplectic structrues with isotopic almost complex structures, and such that Gromov Witten invariants of these symplectic ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

959 views

### The symplectic geometry of cold coconuts

Consider the open set $M \subset \mathbb{C}^{2}$ given by the union of the unit ball $|z_1|^2 + |z_{2}|^2 < 1$ (the coconut) and the cylinder $|z_1| < \epsilon$, $0 < \epsilon < \! \!< ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Projective embedding of symplectic manifolds

Let $(M^{2n},\omega)$ be a symplectic manifold with an integral symplectic form $\omega$. Due to the work of M.Gromov and D.Tischler (M.Gromov "A topological technique for the construction of ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Why are Gromov-Witten invariants of K3 surfaces trivial?

Why is GW invariants of K3 surfaces are trivial? My naive guess is that GW invariants are deformation invariant and you can always deform your K3 surface to non-projective one, which has no subcomplex ...

**17**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### Is the Fukaya category “defined”?

Sometimes people say that the Fukaya category is "not yet defined" in general.
What is meant by such a statement? (If it simplifies things, let's just stick with Fukaya categories of compact ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

845 views

### Hyperbolic Coxeter polytopes and Del-Pezzo surfaces

Added. In the following link there is a proof of the observation made in this question: http://dl.dropbox.com/u/5546138/DelpezzoCoxeter.pdf
I would like to find a reference for a beautiful ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

790 views

### About a Delzant polytope. (In particular dodecahedron)

Hi. I have a question.
Definition. Delzant polytope $P$ is a rational convex simple polytope with the smooth condition. Here, "smooth" means that for each vertex $v$, the $n$ edges containing $v$ ...

**16**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### What is Kirillov's method good for?

I am planing to study Kirillov's orbit method. I have seen Kirillov's method in several branch of mathematics, for instance, functional analysis, geometry, .... Why is this theory important for ...

**16**

votes

**4**answers

807 views

### Can you tell the volume of a symplectic manifold from the Poisson brackets?

Suppose $(X^{2n},\omega)$ is a compact symplectic manifold. Knowing the algebra $C^\infty(X)$ is equivalent to knowing the manifold $X$, and knowing the Poisson bracket ...

**16**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### When is the time evolution of a Hamiltonian system described by the geodesic flow on a Riemannian manifold?

Here is my precise question. Let $M, \omega$ be a symplectic manifold and let $H: M \to \mathbb{R}$ be any smooth function. The symplectic form gives rise to an isomorphism between the tangent ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

782 views

### Functoriality of the cotangent bundle

Recall that to any manifold $X$, I can assign in a canonical way a manifold $\mathrm T ^* X$, the total space of the cotangent bundle over $X$. Recall also that, unlike the tangent bundle ...

**15**

votes

**5**answers

4k views

### What does the word “symplectic” mean?

I know the definition of symplectic structure, symplectic group, and so on. But what does the word "symplectic" itself mean?
Meta question: I have many other mathematical words whose etymologies are ...

**15**

votes

**7**answers

1k views

### To what extent can I think of a Lagrangian fibration in a symplectic manifold as T*N?

This is probably a very elementary question in symplectic geometry, a subject I've picked up by osmosis rather than ever really learning.
Suppose I have a symplectic manifold $M$. I believe that a ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Is there an algebraic construction of the Quillen (determinant) Line Bundle?

Let's consider the moduli space of representations of $\pi=\pi_1(\Sigma)$ (a surface group) into $G$ (a lie group). Call this $X=\operatorname{Hom}(\pi,G)$, and let ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

820 views

### What is a Futaki invariant, what is the intuition behind it, and why is it important?

As the question title suggests, what is a Futaki invariant, what is the intuition behind it, and why is it important?

**14**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### How Many 4-Manifolds are Symplectic?

As an honest question (probably with some subjectivity), how many smooth oriented 4-manifolds are actually symplectic? Can I say half (perhaps under some mild assumptions)? I ask this question because ...

**14**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Reasons for the Arnold conjecture

I am trying to understand the Arnold conjecture in Symplectic Geometry, which basically tells us the following: If $M$ is a compact symplectic manifold and $H_t$ be a 1-periodic Hamiltonian function, ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

825 views

### Why Donaldson's Four-Six Conjecture?

Simon Donaldson apparently made the following conjecture: Two closed symplectic 4-manifolds $(X_1,\omega_1)$ and $(X_2,\omega_2)$ are diffeomorphic if and only if $(X_1\times ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

603 views

### Finite fundamental groups of 3-dimensional Calabi-Yau manifolds

Question. Is there an example of a compact $3$-dimensional Calabi-Yau manifold with finite fundamental group $G$ that does not admit a free action on $S^3$?
This question is motivated by the ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

695 views

### Where are $+$, $-$ and $\infty$ in bordered Heegaard-Floer theory?

Here goes my first MO-question. I've just read Lipshitz, Ozsváth and Thurston's recently updated "A tour of bordered Floer theory". To set the stage let me give two quotes from this paper.
...

**14**

votes

**4**answers

679 views

### What is the 2-category whose 0-objects are Lie algebroids?

Recall the notion of Lie algebroid (n Lab, Wikipedia). One motivation for studying Lie algebroids is that they are infinitesimal versions of Lie groupoids, and Lie groupoids present stacks. In ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

348 views

### Does $S^4$ have a “symplecto-homeomorphic” structure?

The 4-sphere cannot be a symplectic manifold. In particular, it does not admit an atlas whose transition maps are symplectomorphisms ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Where does the Givental reconstruction formula come from?

In (for example) Semisimple Frobenius structures at higher genus (section 1.2) and Gromov-Witten invariants and quantization of quadratic Hamiltonians (section 6.8), Givental gives a conjectural ...

**13**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### Book on Symplectic Geometry

Can someone please tell me some introductory book on symplectic geometry? I have no prior idea of the subject but I do know about Lagrangian and Hamiltonian dynamics (at the level of Landau-Lifschitz ...

**13**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### What is the role of contact geometry in the hamiltonian mechanics?

Let us assume someone is interested in the study of Hamiltonian mechanics.
What are good examples to illustrate him of the usefulness of contact geometry in this context?
On one hand the Hamiltonian ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Symplectic formulation of statistical physics

Does there exists a symplectic formulation of statistical physics?
I know that thermodynamics can be written in a symplectic language and of course classical mechanics is intrinsically formulated ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Hochschild (co)homology of Fukaya categories and (quantum) (co)homology

There is a conjecture of Kontsevich which states that Hochschild (co)homology of the Fukaya category of a compact symplectic manifold $X$ is the (co)homology of the manifold. (See page 18 of ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### What is the significance that the Springer resolution is a moment map?

Let $\mathcal{B}$ be the flag variety and $\mathcal{N} \subset \mathfrak{g}$ is the nilpotent cone. We know that the Springer resolution
$$
\mu: T^*\mathcal{B}\rightarrow \mathcal{N}
$$
is the moment ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### When is a coadjoint orbit an integrable system (in a weak sense explained below)?

Let $X$ be an affine holomorphic symplectic variety of dimension $2n$, with the associated Poisson bracket { , }. Let's say it's an integrable system when there are $n$ algebraically independent ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

461 views

### What is Known about the $K$-Theory of Fukaya Categories?

Some Background: In Kontsevich and Soibelman's theory of motivic DT-invariants, one is interested in something like the ``number'' of objects in a 3-Calabi-Yau category $\mathcal{C}$ having a fixed ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

303 views

### Energy quantization for $J$-holomorphic spheres

Let $(\mathbb{CP}^1, j, g_{\text{FS}})$ be the complex projective line with the standard complex structure and the Fubini-Study metric and let $(M,J,\omega,g)$ be an almost Kähler compact manifold ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

623 views

### Homotopy equivalence vs weak homotopy equivalence in Gromov's h-principle

My question concerns Gromov's h-principle for open diffeomorphism-invariant partial differential relations on open manifolds; see e.g. Eliashberg/Mishachev: Introduction to the h-principle, §6.2.A and ...

**12**

votes

**5**answers

4k views

### The Jacobi Identity for the Poisson Bracket

It is well known that if $M, \Omega$ is a symplectic manifold then the Poisson bracket gives $C^\infty(M)$ the structure of a Lie algebra. The only way I have seen this proven is via a calculation in ...