forcing, large cardinals, descriptive set theory, infinite combinatorics, cardinal characteristics, forcing axioms, ultrapowers, measures, reflection, pcf theory, models of set theory, axioms of set theory, independence, axiom of choice, continuum hypothesis, determinacy, Borel equivalence ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
2answers
195 views

Subsets of $\mathbb{N}$ whose lower density respects complements

The lower density of $A\subseteq\mathbb{N}$ is defined to be $\lambda(A)=\lim\text{inf}_{n\to\infty}\frac{|A\cap\{1,\ldots,n\}|}{n}$. We set $${\cal C} = \{A\subseteq \mathbb{N}: ...
10
votes
1answer
433 views

A question of Erdos on entire functions

At the end of the following paper, Erdos asked if there is a family $F$ of entire functions of size continuum such that for every $z \in \mathbb{C}$, $\{f(z) : f \in F\}$ has size less than continuum. ...
5
votes
0answers
85 views

Does the critical sequence for subalgebras of elementary embeddings with finitely many generators have order type $\omega$?

Suppose that $\lambda$ is a cardinal. Let $\mathcal{E}_{\lambda}$ be the set of all elementary embeddings from $V_{\lambda}$ to $V_{\lambda}$. If $j,k\in\mathcal{E}_{\lambda}$, then define ...
-1
votes
0answers
21 views

Freedom of speech in scientific discussions - An invitation to more tolerance in Scientific debates [migrated]

I hope this post enjoys some tolerance, and don't get closed or put on hold immediately. I believe that freedom of speech in scientific discussions is one of the key values which enriches the debates ...
7
votes
0answers
216 views

preserving saturated ideals

A reliable source made the following claim: Suppose CH there is an $\omega_2$-saturated ideal on $\omega_1$. Then this is preserved by $\mathrm{Add}(\omega_1,\omega_2)$. Question 1: How do you ...
11
votes
1answer
493 views

Can there be a global linear ordering of the universe without a global well-ordering of the universe?

This question arose in the answers to Asaf Karagila's question Does ZFC prove that the universe is linearly orderable?. The answer there was that one can have a ZFC model with no global linear ...
0
votes
0answers
125 views

If C is a closed, unbounded subset of Ord, are the sets generated by the new class of ordinals Ord restricted to C, a Universe?

Given any universe, and some closed unbounded subset of Ord, is it possible toy generate a universe in the following way: Restrict Ord to a target club. Then generate all look the sets necessary to ...
9
votes
2answers
476 views

Preserving $\omega_1$ is Inaccessible to the reals

$\omega_1$ is inaccessible to the reals if and only if for all $x \in {}^\omega\omega$, $\omega_1^{L[x]} < \omega_1$. The question is if $\omega_1$ is inaccessible to the reals in $V$ and ...
12
votes
1answer
382 views

Avoiding countable subgroups of a group homeomorphic to the Cantor space

The following question is motivated by the paper [Brian, Mislove, Every compact group can have a non-measurable subgroup]. A positive solution to a variation of the following problem implies a ...
6
votes
0answers
107 views

What is the significance of having Prime Ideal Theorem in models for failure of Axiom of Choice? [migrated]

Prime Ideal Theorem says: PIT: Every ideal on a Boolean algebra can be extended to a prime ideal. It follows from Axiom of Choice but is weaker than it. In many cases I saw that people check ...
4
votes
1answer
201 views

Ref. request: Additive probability measure on $\mathcal P({\bf N})$ supplies subset of $\mathbf R$ without Baire property

ZFC proves, among the other things, the existence of a (finitely) additive probability measure $\theta: \mathcal P(\mathbf N) \to \mathbf R$ on the power set of $\mathbf N$ such that $\theta(X) = 0$ ...
11
votes
2answers
515 views

Open coloring axiom vs. CH

Is there a simple, direct proof that the open coloring axiom contradicts CH (straight from the definitions, no machinery allowed)? The separable metric spaces version of OCA, if that helps. Edit: ...
7
votes
5answers
789 views

Knaster Tarski theorem, example needed

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knaster%E2%80%93Tarski_theorem Let $L$ be a complete lattice and let $f : L \to L$ be an order-preserving function. Then the set of fixed points of $f$ in $L$ is also a ...
14
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does inner model theory need so much descriptive set theory (and vice versa)?

I am curious about how much descriptive set theory is involved in inner model theory. For instance Shoenfield's absoluteness result is based on the construction of the Shoenfield tree which ...
3
votes
0answers
74 views

Implications between different covering properties of spaces

Let $X$ be a set. A set ${\cal C}\subseteq {\cal P}(X)$ is said to be a cover of $X$ if $\bigcup {\cal C} = X$. If ${\frak U}$ and $\frak{W}$ are collections of covers of a set, we define the ...
5
votes
0answers
141 views

Sierpinski sets and extensions of Lebesgue measure

I am duplicating an old problem from stackexchange: Suppose that every countably generated sigma algebra extending the Borel sigma algebra on $[0, 1]$ admits a measure extending the Lebesgue measure ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

$\mathbb{P}_{\kappa}$ forces non$(\mathcal{M})$=cov$(\mathcal{M})=\kappa$

Let $\kappa$ be an uncountable regular cardibnal. Consider the finite support iteration $(\langle \mathbb{P}_{\alpha}\rangle _{\alpha \leq \kappa},\langle \mathbb{\dot{Q}}_{\alpha}\rangle _{\alpha ...
13
votes
1answer
662 views

Finitely generated group with $\aleph_0<X_G<2^{\aleph_0}$ normal subgroups?

Let $X_G$ be the number of normal subgroups of a group $G$. Are there examples of finitely generated groups $G$ where it is consistent to have $\aleph_0<X_G<2^{\aleph_0}$ normal subgroups? Also ...
9
votes
1answer
369 views

Just a little absoluteness might be cheaper?

Absoluteness is a wonderful thing, but expensive consistency-strength wise. My question is, when can we get large amounts of absoluteness in specific situations for much cheaper? Specifically, fix a ...
10
votes
0answers
163 views

Generic $\mathbf{\Sigma}_3^1$-absoluteness for class forcings

In the paper "Generic Absoluteness" by Bagaria and Friedman (http://www.logic.univie.ac.at/~sdf/papers/bagfried.pdf) it is shown that in ZFC generic $\mathbf{\Sigma_3^1}$-absoluteness is false for ...
7
votes
2answers
274 views

Topological tameness beyond the Gandy-Harrington topology

The Gandy-Harrington topology on $\omega^\omega$ is the topology generated by all lightface $\Sigma^1_1$ sets; that is, all sets which are continuous-in-the-usual-sense images of $\omega^\omega$. ...
25
votes
5answers
1k views

Forcing as a replacement of induction and diagonal arguments

Let me give some examples motivating the question. The use of forcing instead of induction: For this consider Cantor's theorem: Theorem 1. Any two countable dense linear orders $I, J$ without end ...
9
votes
1answer
270 views

Saturation of null ideal

In ZFC, can we find more than continuum many non null sets of reals whose pairwise intersections are null?
11
votes
1answer
297 views

Non meager rectangle

Suppose $G \subseteq \mathbb{R}^2$ is dense $G_\delta$. Must there (in ZFC) exist non meager sets of reals $A, B$ such that $A \times B \subseteq G$?
5
votes
1answer
295 views

Details for Woodin's forcing argument for a saturated ideal from the Levy collapse

Theorem 2.65 in Woodin's book shows that a saturated ideal on $\omega_1$ exists after Levy-collapsing a Woodin cardinal $\delta$ to $\omega_2$. I am confused about the part of the argument where he ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Strongly minimal covering subsets of $\text{Ind}(G)$

Let $G=(V,E)$ be any undirected, simple graph. Let $\text{Ind}(G)$ be the set of independent subsets of $V(G)$. We say that $K\subseteq \text{Ind}(G)$ is a cover (by independent subsets) if $\bigcup K ...
4
votes
1answer
196 views

Measure algebra of a total extension of Lebesgue measure

Solovay shows that the existence of a measurable cardinal is equiconsistent with the existence of a countably additive extension of Lebesgue measure that is defined on all sets of real numbers. Given ...
-1
votes
0answers
27 views

Set theory identity, can't derive it [migrated]

I see the following step in a textbook, and I can't follow it, $A\cup(B\cup(C-D)-E)$ $=$ $(A\cup(B-E))\cup(C-(D\cup E)$ My progress from the LHS get stuck like this, $$A\cup(B\cup(C-D)-E)$$ ...
8
votes
1answer
183 views

Is the Jordan decomposition of a self-adjoint functional constructive?

Let $A$ be an abstract C*-algebra, and let $\varphi\colon A \rightarrow \mathbb C$ be a bounded linear function. Assuming the axiom of choice, there exist unique positive bounded linear functions ...
9
votes
1answer
439 views

Coding a model of $0^\sharp$ from a $\Pi^1_1$ Gale-Stewart game

As a preface to this question, this is my first time asking on Math overflow, and this seemed like the sort of question that would be acceptable here. However, I apologize if it is not. A method for ...
9
votes
0answers
177 views

The Chang model after collapsing an inaccessible limit of Woodins

If $\kappa$ is an inaccessible cardinal and $G \subset \operatorname{Col}(\omega,\mathord{<}\kappa)$ is a $V$-generic filter, then in $V[G]$ the Chang model $L(\text{Ord}^\omega)$ satisfies "every ...
0
votes
0answers
114 views

Finitely additive measure over integers [duplicate]

We know that, with Axiom of Choice (AC), it can be shown that there exists a finitely additive uniform distribution defined for all subsets of the integers (see, e.g., Hrbacek and Jech 1999, Ch. 11). ...
18
votes
3answers
2k views

Who needs Replacement anyway?

The set theory ETCS famously comes without the Replacement axiom schema (or an equivalent) that is part of ZFC. One (to me, not apparently useful) set that one cannot build in ETCS is $\coprod_{n\in ...
11
votes
0answers
186 views

Adding a saturated ideal

Is it consistent that there is no $\omega_2$-saturated ideal on $\omega_1$, but one is introduced by an $\omega_2$-closed forcing?
10
votes
0answers
198 views

c.c.c forcing notions and adding minimal generic reals

Is the following statement consistent: ``There is no non-trivial c.c.c forcing notion adding a minimal generic real''? The question is related to Prikry's question: Is it consistent that any ...
5
votes
0answers
112 views

Homogeneous $\omega$-monolithic compact space

Under CH, is the cardinality of every homogeneous $\omega$-monolithic compact space $X$ not greater than $2^{\omega}$?
11
votes
3answers
418 views

The size of Lindelof space

Question. Suppose that $X$ is a Lindelof space such that every point of $X$ is a $G_{\delta}$-point. Then is it true that $|X| ≤ 2^{\omega}$?
9
votes
1answer
376 views

Is $\clubsuit_{\omega_1}$ enough to get Suslin tree?

This is problem 15.3 in Arnie Miller's problem list: (Juhasz) Suppose there exists $\langle A_{\alpha} : \alpha \in L \rangle$, where $L$ is the set of limit ordinals below $\omega_1$ and for each ...
7
votes
1answer
242 views

For a ring $k$ and a set $X$, what are the $k$-algebra homomorphisms $k^X \to k$?

Let $k$ be a commutative ring. Feel free to assume it's a field. Let $X$ be a set. This question is only interesting when $X$ is infinite. Write $k^X$ for the $k$-algebra of functions $X \to k$, ...
0
votes
1answer
200 views

Provability of unprovability

I have three questions (without any real background, this is just something I've been wondering about recently) Can PA prove that PA can't prove nor disprove, say, Goodstein theorem (or any natural ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

Cohen algebra and $\mathcal P(\omega)/ \mathrm{fin}$

Let $C$ be the Cohen algebra, the boolean completion of the partial order of finite partial functions from $\omega$ to 2, ordered by reverse inclusion. Does there exist an ideal $I$ on $C$ such that ...
2
votes
0answers
197 views

Is there a $\Sigma^0_3$-complete ideal on $\omega$?

In Kechris's book "Classical Descriputive set theory" Chapter 23 (Exercise 23.4), it claim that there is a $\Sigma^0_\xi$-complete ideal on $\omega$ for each $\xi\geq 3$. There is a candidate ...
4
votes
1answer
193 views

Does the minor graph of graphs on $\mathbb{N}$ have an uncountable independent set?

By a graph I mean a pair $G = (V, E)$ where $V$ is a set and $E \subseteq \mathcal{P}_2(V) := \{\{a,b\}: a\neq b \in V\}$. We write $V(G) := V$. If $S, T$ are disjoint subsets of $V(G)$ we say that ...
34
votes
3answers
1k views

Does an existence of large cardinals have implications in number theory or combinatorics?

Does an existence of large cardinals have implications in more down-to-earth fields like number theory, finite combinatorics, graph theory, Ramsey theory or computability theory? Are there any ...
4
votes
2answers
183 views

Minimum cardinality of lower-bounding subset of $[\omega]^\omega$

Let $[\omega]^\omega$ denote the collection of all infinite subsets of $\omega$. Let us call $S\subseteq [\omega]^\omega$ lower-bounding if for all $a\in [\omega]^\omega$ there is $s\in S$ such that ...
5
votes
1answer
287 views

Uncountably many countable graphs with no homomorphism between them

By a graph I mean a pair $G = (V, E)$ where $V$ is a set and $E \subseteq \mathcal{P}_2(V) := \{\{a,b\}: a\neq b \in V\}$. A graph homomorphism between graphs $G, H$ is a map $f:V(G)\to V(H)$ such ...
5
votes
1answer
474 views

$\Sigma_1$ elementary substructure

This is a question I was given in the exam: show that if $\lambda, \kappa$ are uncountable cardinals then $$(H_\lambda,\in) \prec_1 (H_\kappa,\in)$$ where $H_\lambda$ is the class of all sets $x$ such ...
8
votes
1answer
263 views

Can there be a tree of height $\omega_2$ having all levels countable, with no cofinal branch?

For many years I had the idea that if a well-founded tree is both very tall and very narrow, then it must have a cofinal branch. For example, it is a fun exercise to show that any $\omega_1$-tree ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

Naturally occuring groups with cardinality greater than the reals.

In group theory, the single most important piece of information about a group is its cardinality, which is of course either finite, countably infinite, or uncountably infinite. Usually, however, ...
7
votes
1answer
187 views

Introducing meets while preserving directed closure

A poset $\mathbb{P}$ is called well-met iff every pair of compatible conditions in $\mathbb{P}$ has a greatest lower bound. Question: Suppose $\mathbb{P}$ is a separative partial order which is ...