**3**

votes

**1**answer

100 views

### Minimality condition in a certain class of hypergraphs

A hypergraph is a pair $H=(V,E)$ such that $V$ is a (possibly infinite) set and $E\subseteq \mathcal{P}(V)$. $C\subseteq E$ is said to be a cover if $\bigcup C = V$ and $C$is minimal if $C'\subseteq ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

476 views

### Preservation of properness

Suppose $\mathbb P$ is a countably closed forcing, and $\mathbb Q$ is a c.c.c. forcing that adds reals. Is $\mathbb P$ still proper in $V^{\mathbb Q}$?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

272 views

### Some questions on (non)-measurable sets without AC

In his answer to a Math Stack Exchange question of Katlus, Asaf Karagila wrote the following:
"It is a theorem that from $ZF+DC+$"$\aleph_1$$\le$$|$$\mathbb R$$|$" we can prove that there is an ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### counterexample regarding quotient algebras in forcing

Suppose $A$ and $B$ are complete subalgebras of a complete boolean algebra $C$. Let $G \subseteq A$ be generic. In the extension $V[G]$, we can define the quotient algebras $B/G$ and $C/G$ in the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

264 views

### What is known about global well ordering of classes in Gödel-Bernays?

I would like to have something like a linear order on classes, such that every instantiated predicate of classes has a minimal instance in that order. For my purposes, it is fine to assume V=L for ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Strongly minimal covers

Let $H=(V,E)$ be a hypergraph, that is $V$ is a set and $E\subseteq \mathcal{P}(V)$. We say that $C\subseteq E$ is a cover of $H$ if $\bigcup C = V$.
A cover $M\subseteq E$ is said to be strongly ...

**25**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Forcing as a replacement of induction and diagonal arguments

Let me give some examples motivating the question.
The use of forcing instead of induction: For this consider Cantor's theorem:
Theorem 1. Any two countable dense linear orders $I, J$ without end ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

241 views

### A new cardinality living in every forcing extension?

This question is motivated by the papers http://arxiv.org/abs/1405.7456 and http://arxiv.org/abs/1410.1224.
Say that a set $X$ is "generically presentable" over $V\models ZF$ if there is some ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

231 views

### Is there a name for this cardinal?

Let $X$ be a set and $\omega$ be a family of its subsets. Consider the family
$\mathcal{F}$ of subsets of $X$, such that any $A\in\mathcal{F}$ has a
non-empty intersection with each element of ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Optimal tiling for a collection of partitions

I'm interested in a possible generalization of Tiling relation on the set of partitions (the question has only been partially answered).
Let $x$ be an infinite set and let $\text{Part}(x)$ be the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### Tiling relation on the set of partitions

Let $x\neq \emptyset$ be a set and let $\text{Part}(x)$ be the collection of
all partitions of $x$. We need the following notation. Let $P \in \text{Part}(x)$
and $t\subseteq x$. We set
$$P_{[t]} = ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Closed sets in ordinal spaces

I'm studying the ordinal space $[0,\kappa[$ where $\kappa\neq \omega$ is a cardinal of countable cofinality and I want to know why there are in $[0,\kappa[$ two disjoint closed sets of cardinality ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

257 views

### Axiomatic ZFC Set Theory [closed]

Can the Axiom Schema of Comprehension be omitted from ZFC since it is implied by the Axiom Schema of Replacement?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

162 views

### A question regarding sets of Vitali's type in models of $ZF+GCH$ where $L$$\neq$$V$

Consider sets of Vitali's type in models of $ZF+GCH$ where $L$ $\neq$$V$. Are there sets of Vitali's type in both $L$ and $V-L$? If so, is there any way one can distinguish the constructible sets of ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

628 views

### A question on rank-to-rank embeddings

Consider a non-trivial elementary embedding $j:V_\lambda\to V_\lambda$ and, for each $A\subset V_\lambda$, set $j(A)=\bigcup_{\delta<\lambda}j(A\cap V_\delta)$.
In Implications between strong ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

328 views

### The Set-Theoretic Multiverse and Joint Embeddings

I am curious whether or not the following axiom is independent of Hamkins's axioms for the Set-Theoretic Multiverse. Hamkins's axioms can be found here on pages 1-2 and here on pages 24-26.
Consider ...

**4**

votes

**5**answers

866 views

### A generalized diagonal?

A simple question. Let $ f:X\to Y $ be a function and let $ E_f:=\{(x, y): f (x)=f (y)\}\subset X\times X $. What is the name of the set $ E(f) $? It would be nice to have some reference also. It ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

294 views

### What is the consistency strength of a standard model of ZF versus a transitive model?

A standard model of ZF need not be transitive, of course, and Joel David Hamkins' answer to Large cardinal axioms and Grothendieck universes gives Tarski sets as an interesting example.
I should ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

229 views

### Is there a pairing function from countable ordinals to $\mathbb N$? [closed]

It is well-known that there is a computable pairing function $<\ >:\mathbb N^2\to \mathbb N$. Let $X$ be some reasonable class of countable ordinals ($\omega_1^{CK}$, $\epsilon_0$, ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

261 views

### Cardinal characteristics without choice

(I'm taking my definition of a cardinal characteristic from Blass' excellent article http://www.math.lsa.umich.edu/~ablass/need.pdf, which cites Vojtas/Fremlin/Miller; theirs is more general, but I'm ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

224 views

### Is certain topology-related set a distributive lattice?

In my research the following problem appeared (and if it is true, this solves positively several my conjectures):
Let $U$ be a fixed set (usually $U$ is infinite). Let $n$ be a fixed index set ($n$ ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

690 views

### Where is the Erdős–Rado theorem stated in Erdős and Rado's Bull AMS paper?

This may be inappropriate for MO, but here goes: if I have understood the statement of the Erdős–Rado theorem correctly, then it contains as a special case the following result:
if $\mu$ is ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

247 views

### Is it consistent that $\frak{d} < 2^{\aleph_0}$?

Let $\omega^\omega$ denote the set of all functions $f:\omega\to\omega$. We write $f <^* g$ if there is $N\in\omega$ such that $f(n) < g(n)$ for all $n>N$. A set $D\subseteq \omega^\omega$ is ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Sierpinski's construction of a non-measurable set

In the early 20th century there was a lot of fuss over the axiom of choice implying that there are Lebesgue non-measurable sets of reals. In his book about The Axiom of Choice, Gregory Moore points to ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

827 views

### Where do Set Theory and Number Theory meet together?

As all know, by absoluteness theorems in Set Theory, most of theorems in number theory are $ZFC$-provable if and only if they are consistent with $ZFC$, it's because of absoluteness of essence of ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

702 views

### Complete resolutions of GCH

Let's say that a "complete resolution of GCH" is a definable class function $F: \operatorname{Ord}\longrightarrow \operatorname{ Ord}$ such that $2^{\aleph_\alpha} = \aleph_{F(\alpha)}$ for all ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### Preserving Jonsson cardinals

I am (still) interested in trying to characterize and describe forcings that preserve Jonsson cardinals. A cardinal $\kappa$ is a Jonsson cardinal if there is no Jonsson algebra on $\kappa$, i.e. ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

183 views

### Is there a “natural” bijection between models of $ZFC$ and $ZF\neg C$?

I'm quite confident that there is the same number of models of $ZFC$ and of $ZF\neg C$, which means that there would exist a bijection between the former and the latter, by definition. However, I was ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### Classify set theories whose transitive models sharing the same sets of ordinals are equal

This question is a follow-up from my recent question, Classifying set theories whose standard models sharing the same ordinals are equal
Let's say that a (recursively axiomatizable) set theory $T$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### A question on models of set theory and Lebesgue measure

In a question and an answer at MO, Joel David Hamkins showed that (if ZFC is consistent) there are models of ZFC in which $V\neq HOD$ and every $\Sigma_2$-definable set has a definable member.
Let ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

292 views

### Classifying set theories whose standard models sharing the same ordinals are equal

Let's say that a (recursively axiomatizable) set theory $T$ extending ZF is "ordinal-categorical" if, whenever $M$ and $N$ are standard models of $T$ sharing the same ordinals, one has $M = N$. For ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

561 views

### Is forcing computable?

By results similar to Tennenbaum's theorem we know that there exist no computable models of $ZF$. But suppose we are given, as a sort of oracle, access to some model of $ZF$ (e.g. we can make oracle ...

**30**

votes

**1**answer

792 views

### Producing finite objects by forcing!

It is a trivial fact that forcing can not produce finite sets of ground model objects. However there are situations,
where we can use forcing to prove the existence of finite objects with some ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

212 views

### A question regarding $ZFC^{-}$

Given $ZFC^{-}$, that is, ZFC-Powerset+Collection+Separation, is there a set of alternative axioms $X$ (other than the trivial one, namely, {Powerset}) that, when added to $ZFC^{-}$, allow one to ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

231 views

### Strongest large cardinal axiom compatible with $V = L$?

What is the strongest known natural large cardinal axiom compatible with $V = L$ (strongest in the sense that it implies all known "small" large cardinal axioms, where a large cardinal axiom is said ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Lowering from filters to ultrafilters for an infinitary relation

Let $U$ be a set. Let $N$ be a (possibly infinite) index set. Let $f$ be an $N$-ary relation on $U$ (that is $f$ is a set of functions $N\rightarrow U$).
I denote $\mathcal{L}\in \upuparrows f ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

689 views

### Lots of combinatorial interpretations of Catalan numbers

During a lecture I gave on Catalan numbers, I pointed out that that it
is possible to give a continuum number of combinatorial
interpretations of these numbers. See the solution to (f$^5$) on
page 54 ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Expressing a value related to an infinitary relation through ultrafilters

Let $U$ be a set. I denote $\mathfrak{A}$ the lattice of filters on $U$ ordered reverse to set theoretic inclusion of filters. I denote $\bigvee$ and $\bigwedge$ correspondingly the supremum and ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Consistency of the collection axiom scheme compared to replacement

Set theory ZFC- is ZFC without power set, but with replacement. It does not imply the collection axiom scheme, as discussed in http://jdh.hamkins.org/what-is-the-theory-zfc-without-power-set/
Does ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### A question on recursion and transfinite recursion in extensions of KP

Is the $\Sigma_{n}$-recursion supported by $\Sigma_{n}KP=KP+\Sigma_{n}$-separation + $\Sigma_{n}$-collection equivalent with $\Sigma_{n}$ transfinite recursion? If not, how do these notions differ?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Interweaving two indexed families of filters

Conjecture
Let $U$ be an (infinite) set. Let $f$ be an $N$-ary (where $N$ is an
arbitrary index set) relation on $U$ (that is a set of functions $N
\rightarrow U$).
Let $\mathcal{L}_0$, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### An analogue of CH for proper classes

Working in NBG set theory, with AC but without Global Choice, we ask for two proper classes A and B such that A strictly injects in B and B strictly injects in P(A); so
Question: In NBG set theory, is ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

239 views

### Are there known ways to posit definable global choice in ZF without positing V=L?

I need a global choice function defined by a formula in (a fragment of) ZF. There is no harm in assuming V=L for my purposes. But I wonder if there are any familiar alternative ways to get this?
...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

339 views

### Semiproper but not proper

Assume V=L. Is there a semi-proper notion of forcing that is not proper?
Namba forcing isn't semi-proper in L, and Prikry forcing isn't even available there.

**9**

votes

**0**answers

173 views

### countable OD sets in the Solovay model

It is known that the following is true in the Solovay model (SM) for ZFC: any countable OD (ordinal-definable) set $X$ of reals necessarily consists of OD elements. What about countable OD sets of ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

216 views

### First-order definable bijection between $P(On)$ (or $No$) and $V$? (Is this equivalent to $V = HOD$?)

It is known that locally one can ``code'' any set in the von Neumann universe $V$ by a set of ordinals. But can one do this globally? In other words, is there a first-order definable bijection ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### CCC Forcing and $\omega_1$ conditions

I have a question about the proof of the Lemma 7.2 in the paper
I. Juhász, P. Koszmider and L. Soukup,
A first countable, initially $\omega_{1}$-compact but non-compact space,
Topology and its ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

372 views

### What are the current views on consistency of Reinhardt cardinals without AC?

It's well known that Reinhardt cardinals are inconsistent, provided that we have access to axiom of choice, but, as far as I know, we are clueless about this when we don't assume choice. For me, the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

429 views

### When do we have a bijection between a proper class A and its power set class P(A)?

We work in the set theory NBG with the axiom of (local choice but without global (class) choice. For every class A P(A) is the class of all sets x included in the class A.
We know that P(A) is a set ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Formal systems needed to formalize relative independence results

We know that Con(ZF) implies Con(ZFC+GCH), Con(ZF+neg(AC)) and Con(ZFC+neg(CH)). But what are some weak theories in which these relative independence results are provable? In particular, are they ...