**1**

vote

**0**answers

76 views

### Question on the consistency of Zermelo set theory minus specification and extensionality [closed]

Let $W=Z^{-}-Specification$ where $Z^{-}=Z-Extensionality$ and Z is Zermelo set theory. What is known about models of $W$ or $W^{+}=W+Extensionality$?

**5**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### A question about ordinal definable sets of real numbers revisited [duplicate]

Citing (almost)
A question about ordinal definable real numbers
If ZFC (Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory with the Axiom of Choice) is consistent, does it remain consistent when the following statement is ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Can $Ded(\kappa)$ be a supremum?

Definition If there is a dense linear order w/o endpoints of size $\lambda$ with a dense subset of size $\kappa$ then write $D(\kappa,\lambda)$. $Ded(\kappa)=\sup_\lambda \{D(\kappa,\lambda)\}$.
It ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

212 views

### Problem of book Kunen [closed]

Suppose $P$ is a notion of forcing in $M$ such that $\left | P \right | \leq \omega_{1}$ and $P$ is ccc. Suppose further $\Diamond$ holds in $M$. How does one show that $\Diamond$ also holds $M[G]$?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### The word problem of the free left distributive algebra on one generator

A left distributive algebra is a set $A$ together with a binary operation, $\cdot$, satisfying $a\cdot(b\cdot c)=(a\cdot b)\cdot(a\cdot c)$.
One important example of left distributive algebras arises ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

300 views

### Cardinality of $C^*([0,1])$ [closed]

What is the cardinality of the continuous dual of $C([0,1])$ (the set of continuous functions from $[0,1]\to \mathbb{R}$)?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

92 views

### Boolean completion (of a forcing notion) isomorphic to each of its cones

Suppose $ \mathbb{P} := (P, {\leq_P}, 1_P) $ is a separative partial order. Let $ \mathbb{B} := \operatorname{RO}(\mathbb{P}) $ denote the Boolean completion.
Fix some dense embedding $ i \colon P ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

324 views

### Set-theoretic tautologies

Let us consider unquantifed formulas of a set theory (for example, NBG), more precisely,
the formulas, constructed from variables and the constants $\emptyset, V$ (the empty set
and the class of all ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### forcing square with small conditions

In the paper, Large cardinals and definable counterexamples to the continuum hypothesis, Foreman and Magidor mention a way to force $\square_{\omega_1}$ with countable conditions. (This is used in ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

170 views

### Borel Sets in Sacks Generic Extension

Let $\mathbb{S}$ denote Sacks forcing. This is forcing with perfect trees or equivalently forcing with uncountable Borel subsets of ${}^\omega 2$ with the relation $\subseteq$.
Let $G \subseteq ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

448 views

### Can we define an “empirically generic” real number?

Summary: My question, in a nutshell, is how we should intuitively imagine a generic real number (as opposed to a random one), and whether we can construct numbers which empirically behave like generic ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

310 views

### Embeddings of forcing notions - preserve properness?

Let $ M $ be a countable, transitive model for $ \mathsf{ZFC}^* $, i.e. for a sufficiently large finite fragment of $ \mathsf{ZFC} $. Suppose that $ \mathbb{P} := (P, {\leq_P}, \mathbb{1}_P) \in M $ ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Without AC, which implications between the different definitions of amenability still hold?

More precisely, I would like to know which implications between the following definitions of amenability of a discrete countable (or even finitely generated) group can be proved to hold with only ZF ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

159 views

### Is it compatible with ZF to assume that every amenable discrete group is finite?

The question is in the title, amenability being understood as the existence of a left-invariant finitely additive probability measure on the group of interest. The case of countable groups is treated ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

261 views

### How do we know if Vaught's Conjecture is Absolute?

Please note that this might be some confusion on my part about the work surrounding Vaught's conjecture.
First of all, Vaught Conjecture states that if a first-order complete theory $T$ in a ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

244 views

### A Weakening of the Tree Property

If $f$ and $g$ are two functions, define $f \sim g$ if they differ only finitely often on their common domain.
The following property of a large cardinal arose from a problem in model theory. I am ...

**-5**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Does an arbitrarily selected infinite number of integers form a set? [closed]

A serial of arbitrarily selected infinite number of integers S = {I1, I2, ...} (not sorted) is a subset of the set of all the integers. But is it a set?
If yes, could we determine whether the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

273 views

### Question about “Coding the universe”

The following is a result which I know as a weak form of Jensen's coding lemma$^*$ (first published in the book "Coding the universe"; also see http://www.jstor.org/stable/2273986):
For any class ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

139 views

### Kunen's inconsistency concerning $L$

A famous result by Kunen regarding elementary embeddings states that there is no such embedding from $V$ onto itself which would be non-trivial. It's clear that if $V=L$ then there is also no ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Strongly compact cardinal with bad covering properties

This is a continuation of the question covering properties of strongly compact embedding.
Recall that a cardinal $\kappa$ is $\nu$-strongly compact cardinal if there is an elementary embedding ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

385 views

### If all reals are generic, is the set of reals generic?

Let $W\subseteq V$ be two models of $\sf ZFC$ with the same ordinals. Is the following situation consistent:
For every $x\in\Bbb R^V$ there is some $P_x\in W$ such that for some $G\subseteq P_x$ ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

604 views

### Harrington's unpublished note “The constructible reals can be anything”

Around 1974, Leo Harringto wrote an unpublished note entitled "The constructible reals can be anything", in which he proved that it is consistent that being $\Delta^1_n$ is the same as being ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

580 views

### Is there one binary operation foundational for set theory?

The membership relationship "$\epsilon$" is foundational for set theory, in the sense that the axioms of any set theory are formulated in the language of "$\epsilon$". Naturally, the question arises ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### A realcompact analogue of the Baire category theorem

Let $\frak{m}$ be the least measurable cardinal. A space $X$ is realcompact if it is homeomorphic to a closed subset of some product $\mathbb{R}^I$. Let $X$ be realcompact with $P_\frak{m}$ topology, ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

230 views

### Does forcing with recursively pointed perfect trees add a Turing degree that is minimal over $V$?

A tree $T$ on $\omega$ is recursively pointed if it is recursive in each of its branches. We can consider a variant of Sacks forcing where the conditions are recursively pointed perfect trees ordered ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

274 views

### One or two questions about so-called “absolute” set theories

Nearly fifty years ago Takeuti called attention to a phenomenon that occurs in connection with the construction of set theories such as ZF that result in a hierarchy of sets (indexed by ordinal ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Does V=L imply transitive containment over, say, Z?

In Zermelo set theory, the axiom of constructibility V=L seems to imply every set has a transitive closure. But does that argument have to assume transitive closure in the first place, to get an ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

154 views

### Covering properties of strongly compact embedding

Let $\kappa$ be a $\mu$-strongly compact cardinal, which means that there is an elementary embedding $j:V\rightarrow M$, with critical point $\kappa$ such that $M$ is well founded (even closed under ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### Forcing, cuts, and Dedekind-finite cardinalities

Tl;dr version: there are two natural classes of cuts in the nonstandard model of arithmetic consisting of the Dedekind-finite sets (if, in fact, they constitute such a model); both these classes are ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

899 views

### How much of GCH do we need to guarantee well-ordering of continuum?

It's well known that, if GCH holds, then every cardinal can be well-ordered. However, I'm sure we don't need full power of GCH to prove it for specific cardinal, e.g. continuum. I have been wondering, ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

291 views

### What is the large cardinal strength of the assertion that every $\kappa$-complete filter on $\kappa$ extends to a $\kappa$-complete ultrafilter?

It is well-known that an uncountable regular cardinal $\kappa$ is strongly compact if and only if every $\kappa$-complete filter on any set extends to a $\kappa$-complete ultrafilter on that set. The ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

355 views

### How necessary is Godel's Condensation Lemma

It seems that the Godel's Condensation Lemma is typically used to show that certain constructible sets will appear by some stage of the construction of $L$. For example in the proof that CH holds in ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

275 views

### Maximum cardinality of a filtered limit of finite sets

Let $(I,<)$ be a directed, partially ordered set. Consider an inverse system $(S_i)_{i \in I}$ of finite sets, i. e. a functor $S:I^{op}\to \mathbf{FinSet}$. What is the maximum possible ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Does $\forall X \in L_{\kappa}: P(X) \subset L_{\kappa}$ hold in $L$

While working on an exercise in Jech's Set Theory, I tried to prove that if $V=L$, then $\forall X \in L_{\kappa}: P(X) \subset L_{\kappa}$, where $k$ is any cardinal. I was hoping someone could ...

**-4**

votes

**1**answer

165 views

### A general question on nonnegative integer sequence [closed]

Let $A=\{x\ |\ x\in\mathbb Z_{\ge 0},\ x\ $ with some conditions$\ \}$.
Let $B=\mathbb Z_{\ge 0}-A$.
Define $\ 2A= \{a+b : a \in A,\ b \in A\}$.
Define $\ 2B=\{a+b : a \in B,\ b \in B\}$.
Then the set ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

376 views

### How strong is limitation of size + generalized continuum hypothesis?

This is a question about ZFC (or maybe NGB), but it is motivated by Randall Holmes' article on alternative set theories, especially his elaborations on TST, bounded Zermelo set theory and pocket set ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Rank function and closure operator for a set system

I would like to trace the concepts "rank function" and "closure operator" back to some structures as primitive as possible.
For a set system $(E,F)$ which is an independence system or a greedoid, I ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### forcing and set theory [closed]

Let $\kappa , \lambda , \theta$ be infinte cardinals de $M$ represents a c.t.m, and $P=Fn( \kappa\ \times \omega,2)$. Show that $(\lambda^{\theta})^{M[G]}\leq((max( \kappa, \lambda)^{\theta})^{M}$. ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

199 views

### Does Sageev's result need an inaccessible?

In 1981, building on work by Ellentuck in 1974, Sageev showed ("A model of ZF + there exists an inaccessible, in which the Dedekind cardinals constitute a natural non-standard model of arithmetic," ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

244 views

### What axioms (other than choice) have a taming effect on the ordering of cardinalities?

Axiom of choice arranges all cardinalities into a well-ordered chain but without it their ordering can be wild in general ZF models, e.g. two cardinalities may not even have inf or sup. However, ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

227 views

### Valid statement in submodel? (Consistency lemma in Cohen's CH book)

In Paul Cohen's
Set Theory and the Continuum Hypothesis
(Page 71) there is a lemma with the assumption that
$\exists x\, P(x)$.
The ''proof'' there, uses the following argument:
Intuitively the ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Ordinal definable sets of reals in the Solovay

To be precise, let $\Omega$ be an inaccessible cardinal in $L$ and let N be the Solovay model defined by the Levy-collapse in this case. Then $\Omega$ is $\aleph_1$ in $N$.
How many different OD ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

439 views

### Does Turing determinacy imply full determinacy?

The axiom of Turing determinacy is a weakening of the full axiom of determinacy, $AD$, in which only games with payoff sets which are $\equiv_T$-invariant are demanded to be determined.
In "Turing ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

425 views

### A question about “local” versus “global” large cardinal axioms

The terms "local" and "global" when applied to large cardinal axioms seem to have a well understood intuitive meaning, although a formalized definition of them in (a meta-language for)ZFC might be ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### The number of countable models [duplicate]

Let $\mathcal{L}$ be a countable first order language. For a natural number n, can we find a complete $\mathcal{L}$-Theory $T$ which has exactly n non-isomorphic countable models ?

**8**

votes

**2**answers

313 views

### When is $A$ “$L$-ish” whenever $B$ is “$L$-ish”?

My question is about a kind of relative constructibility in set theory.
Fix a countable transitive model $W\models ZFC$ which is much bigger than $L^W$. There is a natural way within $W$ to compare ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

281 views

### Is $\ell^\infty$ Polishable?

Consider $\ell^\infty$ as a subspace of the Polish space $\mathbb{R}^\omega$. It is easy to check that $\ell^\infty$ is not Polish in the subspace topology, as it is countable union of the compact ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Are normal ultrafilters generated by conditional closure systems?

Suppose that $\kappa$ is a cardinal, $X$ is a set with $|X|>\kappa$, and $\mathcal{U}\subseteq P(P_{\kappa}(X))$ is a normal ultrafilter. We say that a collection $C\subseteq P_{\kappa}(X)$ is a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

168 views

### Do models of ZFC have arbitrarily large descent values?

Let $M$ denote a well-founded set-sized model of ZFC. The descent value of $M$ will be defined as the value of $n$ returned by the following process.
Initialization. Let $n$ equal $0$ and $X$ equal ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

303 views

### Elements of the method of forcing in some papers of N. N. Luzin

In the paper
Eléments de la méthode de forcing dans quelques travaux de N. N. Lousin. (French) [Elements of the method of forcing in some papers of N. N. Luzin] Amphora, 469–479, Birkhäuser, ...