20
votes
2answers
760 views

construction of nonmeasurable sets

I have a history question for which I've had trouble finding a good answer. The common story about nonmeasurable sets is that Vitali showed that one existed using the Axiom of Choice, and Lebesgue et ...
0
votes
0answers
137 views

A not defined notion in Friedman's article about Generalized Fubini's Theorem

I intend to study Friedman's article, A Consistent Fubini-Tonelli Theorem for Nonmeasurable Functions (http://projecteuclid.org/download/pdf_1/euclid.ijm/1256047607). I think since I had a modern ...
5
votes
2answers
276 views

non-Borel set which intersects every compact in a Borel set

I remember hearing some time ago that there is a locally compact Hausdorff space $X$ and a non-Borel subset $E$ which intersects every compact set in a Borel set. (This would contradict Lemma 13.9 of ...
13
votes
0answers
302 views

A question about small sets of reals

In ZFC, does there exist an uncountable set of reals $A$ such that for every closed measure zero set of reals $B$, $ A + B = \{a+b : a \in A, b \in B\} \neq \mathbb{R}$? This question is motivated ...
4
votes
1answer
161 views

What does the set of cardinals admitting a k-additive measure look like?

Consider an infinite cardinal $\kappa$. Is it the case that the existence of a $\kappa$-additive measure on some infinite set implies the existence of such a measure on every infinite set of size ...
3
votes
0answers
178 views

Strong measure zero sets and selection principles

A set of reals $X$ is strong measure zero if for any sequence of positive real numbers $ ( \epsilon_n ) _{n \in \omega }$ there is a sequence of open intervals $ ( a_n ) _{n \in \omega }$ which ...
10
votes
2answers
376 views

Is sigma-additivity of Lebesgue measure deducible from ZF?

Is sigma-additivity (countable additivity) of Lebesgue measure (say on measurable subsets of the real line) deducible from the Zermelo-Fraenkel set theory (without the axiom of choice)? Note 1. ...
6
votes
2answers
360 views

The First Failure of GCH in Large Cardinals Smaller than Measurables

A well known theorem by Scott says: If $\kappa$ is a measurable cardinal and $\mu$ a normal measure on it and $\mu (\lbrace\lambda\in\kappa~|~2^{\lambda}=\lambda^{+}\rbrace)=1$ then ...
2
votes
1answer
197 views

Are measures of a measurable cardinal measurable? (Edited and Updated Version)

Update: Regarding to Prof. Hamkins's guidance I restricted the questions to the "normal" measures to avoid trivial answers. Definition: Let $\kappa$ be a measurable cardinal. Define: ...
9
votes
0answers
309 views

Ultrafilter theorem and translation invariant measures

The usual Vitali construction of a non-Lebesgue measurable set generalizes to a proof that there are no (non-trivial) translation invariant measures on $\mathcal P\mathbb R$. On the other hand, there ...
22
votes
3answers
790 views

Does every set of reals contain a measure-zero set of the same cardinality? Does it contain a meager set of the same cardinality?

This question arises from an issue in my post on Ashutosh's excellent question on Restrictions of the null/meager ideal. Question 1. Does every set of reals contain a measure-zero subset of the same ...
16
votes
2answers
500 views

Intersection of compact sets in the unit interval

Let $\mathscr K$ be an uncountable set such that every $K\in\mathscr K$ is a compact subset of $[0,1]$ with positive Lebesgue measure. Does it then follow that there exists an uncountable $\mathscr ...
16
votes
1answer
464 views

How strong is “all sets are Lebesgue Measurable” in weaker contexts than ZF?

Famously, Solovay showed that, if $\textrm{ZFC}$ plus $\textrm{IC}$ (the existence of an inaccessible cardinal) is consistent, then so is $\textrm{ZF}$ plus $\textrm{DC}$ (dependent choice) plus ...
6
votes
1answer
518 views

Do Measurable Cardinals Exist? (assuming ZFC)

In Appendix B of his Uniform Central Limit Theorems (1999), Dudley writes: It is consistent with the usual axioms of set theory (including the axiom f choice) that there are no measurable ...
4
votes
1answer
212 views

From universal measurability to measurability

Let $(\Omega,\Sigma)$ be a measurable space and $K$ be a compact metrizable space endowed with its Borel $\sigma$-algebra $\mathcal{B}(K)$. Let $A\subseteq\Omega\times K$ be universally ...
10
votes
1answer
405 views

Restrictions of null/meager ideal

Let I denote the null (resp. meager) ideal on reals. Is it consistent that for any pair of non null (resp. meager) sets A and B, there is a null (resp. meager) preserving bijection between A and B? In ...
5
votes
1answer
333 views

Is it consistent with ZFC that there is a translation-invariant extension of Lebesgue measure that assigns nonzero measure to some set of measure less than c?

It is consistent with ZFC (but not ZFC+CH, of course) that there is a subset $A$ of nonzero outer Lebesgue measure that has cardinality less than $c$. There will then be an extension of Lebesgue ...
5
votes
1answer
564 views

A set of positive measure with cardinality less than that of the continuum?

Is it consistent with ZFC that there is a subset of $[0,1]$ whose cardinality is less than that of the continuum but which has positive Lebesgue measure? Obviously not given CH. And, given ZFC, ...
4
votes
2answers
619 views

Are all models of ZF + DC + “All set of reals are lebesgue measurable” also models of CH? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Lebesgue Measurability and Weak CH I have studied a little set theory and I found that Solovay constructed a model of ZF+DC+"All set of reals are Lebesgue measurable" and ...
6
votes
0answers
239 views

Why has Sacks' “Measure-theoretic uniformity” not been more influential?

In the 1969 paper "Measure-theoretic uniformity in recursion theory and set theory," Trans. Amer. Math. Soc. 142 1969 381–420, Sacks gave a measure-theoretic approach to several results previously ...
9
votes
4answers
601 views

Is there a maximum to the amount of disjoint non-measurable subsets of the unit interval with full outer measure?

This question arose a few years back when I was an assistant teacher on a course of basic (Lebesgue) measure theory, but I didn't find an answer or anyone able to solve the problem. The setting of the ...
1
vote
1answer
191 views

Injective with Finite Discontinuities Mapping from $\mathbb R^n$ to $[0,1]$

Hi, as a continuation to the fully answered question: Injective&Intregrable Mapping from $\mathbb R^3$ to $\mathbb R$ Can one think of an injective $f:\mathbb R^n\rightarrow[0,1]$ that has only ...
4
votes
2answers
359 views

Injective and Integrable Mapping from $\mathbb R^3$ to $\mathbb R$

Is there an injective and Riemann integrable map $f:\mathbb R^3\rightarrow\mathbb R$? (Of course such a map cannot be continuous.)
2
votes
1answer
404 views

special extremally disconnected spaces with only finite isolated points

We Know that a cardinal $\kappa$ is measurable if there is a set $X$ with cardinal $\kappa$ and a {0,1}-measure $\mu: P(X) \rightarrow ${$0,1$} so that for all $x \in X$, $\mu(x)=0$ and $\mu(X)=1$. ...
11
votes
2answers
635 views

Measuring big stuff

Often during informal discussion with colleagues, the following pattern emerges when we are stuck trying to prove a theorem about $x \in X$. A: "let's assume this hypothesis $H$ on $x$" B: "most ...
8
votes
0answers
470 views

Is every $\sigma$-algebra of sets *abstractly* the Borel algebra of a topology on perhps some other set?

Is every sigma-algebra the Borel algebra of a topology? inspires the present question which asks for less. Question: Given a $\sigma$-algebra ${\cal A}$ on a set $X$, does there exist a topology ...
7
votes
1answer
550 views

Intuition behind the diagonal intersection

Suppose that for all $\alpha<\kappa$ we have that $A_\alpha\subseteq\kappa$. We define the diagonal intersection to be $$\bigtriangleup_{\alpha<\kappa}A_\alpha = \left\lbrace\xi<\kappa\ ...
4
votes
2answers
543 views

Finite measure on the power set

Let $X$ be an uncountable set, and let $\Omega$ be the power set of $X$, viewed as a $\sigma$-algebra. Does there exist a positive $\sigma$-additive measure of finite total mass on $(X, \Omega)$ such ...
18
votes
4answers
1k views

Is a random subset of the real numbers non-measurable? Is the set of measurable sets measurable?

One might say, "a random subset of $\mathbb{R}$ is not Lebesgue measurable" without really thinking about it. But if we unpack the standard definitions of all those terms (and work in ZFC), it's not ...
6
votes
2answers
278 views

Are Vitali-type nonmeasurable sets determinate?

Here, by a Vitali set, I mean the following. Call $f_1,f_2:\omega\rightarrow 2$ tail-equivalent if {$n| f_1(n)\not=f_2(n)$}$<\infty$. Vitali sets (existence via AC) contain one such $f$ from ...
9
votes
1answer
450 views

Can we change the Lebesgue measure by forcing?

Suppose $M$ is a model of ZFC, and $\mu^M$ is the Lebesgue measure on $\mathbb R^M$ such that $\mu^M(\mathbb R^M)=1$. It is known that if $r$ is a Cohen real over $M$ and $N=M[r]$ then $\mu^N(\mathbb ...
44
votes
2answers
3k views

Is every sigma-algebra the Borel algebra of a topology?

This question arises from the excellent question posed on math.SE by Salvo Tringali, namely, Correspondence between Borel algebras and topology. Since the question was not answered there after some ...
3
votes
1answer
527 views

measure theory and continuum hypothesis

let's assume $\neg CH$, then there's a set $X$ such that $|\mathbb N|<|X|<|\mathbb R|$. i'm wondering about the lebesgue measure of such set... is it even possible to measure it? would it be ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Can we put a Probability Measure on every $\sigma$-Algebra?

The following question has puzzled me for some time: Let $(\Omega,\Sigma)$ be a nonempty, measurable space. Does there necessarily exist a probability measure $\mu:\Sigma\to[0,1]$? If ...
8
votes
2answers
680 views

Does there exist a subset of $\mathbb{R}^2$ which is “very small” and “very big” in the specified way?

Does there exist a set $M \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ which has the following two properties: Forall $x \in \mathbb{R}$ the set $\{y \in \mathbb{R} \mid (x,y) \in M\}$ is countable. Forall $y \in ...
2
votes
2answers
495 views

Measure on $\omega_1$

Let $\mathcal{O}$ be the $\sigma$-algebra on $\omega_1$ generated by its countable subsets. Is there a ($\sigma$-additive) probability measure on $\mathcal{O}$ that is not concentrated on a countable ...
8
votes
2answers
820 views

extensions of lebesgue measure

The Hahn-Banach theorem implies that Lebesgue measure can be extended give a "measure" on all subsets of [0,1], but this measure is only guaranteed to be finitely additive. It might magically turn ...
18
votes
2answers
2k views

Can a Vitali set be Lebesgue measurable? (ZF)

Here is the definition of Lebesgue measure. The standard proof that Vitali sets are not Lebesgue measurable uses countable additivity of Lebesgue measure, which is not a theorem of ZF. (In ...
5
votes
2answers
414 views

Generalising Vitali Sets to uncountable dense subgroup selectors…

Does there exist an uncountable dense subgroup, $\Gamma$, of the additive group $\mathbb{R}$, such that every selector of the partition of $\mathbb{R}$ canonically associated with the equivalence ...
6
votes
5answers
880 views

Is Lebesgue/Borel non-measurability actually caused by non-uniqueness?

In ZFC, every construction of a Lebesgue or Borel non-measurable set uses the axiom of choice. None of them that I've seen use choice to define a unique set, even though it's entirely possible to do ...
1
vote
0answers
122 views

Follow up question on the measure of the difference between a partial selector and a selector…

This is a different question from my previous question Difference between a partial selector and a selector, however I am going to repeat the preamble... In Kharazishvili's "Nonmeasurable Sets and ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

Difference between a partial selector and a selector…

In Kharazishvili's "Nonmeasurable Sets and Functions" there is the following theorem: There exists a subset $X$ of $\mathbb{R}$ which is a Vitali set and a Bernstein set. The proof is as ...
7
votes
1answer
806 views

Universally measurable sets and weak topology

After I posted this question, a couple of months ago, and got from MO-users several good hints, I think i'm ready, after some study, to ask another related question (or rather, to focus on the main ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Lebesgue measure of the graph of a function [closed]

Let $f: R^n \rightarrow R^m$ be any function. Will the graph of f always have Lebesgue measure zero ? 1) I could prove that this is true if f is continuous. 2) I suspect it is true if f is ...
3
votes
1answer
927 views

$\Delta_{2}^{1}$-hard set?

Hello everybody! I'm interested in $\Delta_{2}^{1}$ subsets of Polish spaces, i.e. those sets that are both $\Pi_{2}^{1}$ and $\Sigma_{2}^{1}$ in the boldface hierarchy of Polish spaces. There is a ...
8
votes
1answer
672 views

Probabilities independent of ZFC?

Hi guys, is it possible to change the probability of an event via forcing? More precisely, is there an innocent looking question on the probability of "something" whose answer is independent of ZFC? ...
1
vote
1answer
523 views

Probability Measures and Cardinality > c

Is it possible to place non-trivial probability measures on sets of cardinality strictly greater than the continuum -- in particular, on sets of cardinality 2^c? (Any references would be ...
2
votes
2answers
720 views

measurability of integrated functions

Hello everybody, DISCLAIMER: I'm not a mathematician, but a computer scientist, so I hope the question is not trivial (or perhaps I hope so, in order to get a definitive answer). Anyway it's not a ...
22
votes
2answers
696 views

Codimension of Measurable Sets

I am currently teaching an advanced undergraduate analysis class, and the following question came up. Intuition suggests that "most" subsets of $[0,1]$ are not Lebesgue measurable. However, the ...
18
votes
1answer
648 views

A collection of intervals that can cover any measure zero set

This is a follow-up to this question (in fact, this is what originally motivated me to ask that one.) Let's say that a sequence $\{s_i\}$ of positive reals covers a set $X\subset\mathbb R$ if there ...