**6**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Can ZFC prove it cannot derive an inconsistency in $n$ steps?

Let $Con(\mathtt{ZFC}, n)$ denote the statement "$\mathtt{ZFC}$ cannot prove the contradiction within $n$ steps within a given proof system (say a natural deduction to avoid trivialities)". Suppose ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

320 views

### Adding a real with infinite conditions

Consider the forcing $\Bbb P$ whose conditions are partial functions $p\colon\omega\to2$ with $\operatorname{dom}(p)$ a co-infinite subset of $\omega$, ordered by reverse inclusion.
Does $\Bbb P$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Generic filters of inverse limits

Maybe this doubt is silly, but I do not understand the final step of the proof of Lemma 5.2 in Hamkins' paper Fragile measurability, Journal of Symbolic Logic 59 (1994) 262-282.
There, $\mathbb ...

**-4**

votes

**0**answers

81 views

### paradox about the Axiom of Choice? [on hold]

I want to know the paradox about the axiom of choice and how to illustrate the paradoxes.Thank you!

**1**

vote

**1**answer

73 views

### On whether a formula of KP is $\Pi_3$

In the context of KP, is the formula $\forall w(w\in x \leftrightarrow\forall y\exists z F(w,y,z))$ $\Pi_3$ when $F(w,y,x)$ is $\Delta_0$?

**0**

votes

**4**answers

160 views

### Approximating an arbitrary $\sigma$-algebra by simpler $\sigma$-algebras

A $\sigma$-algebra $\mathcal F$ over $\Omega$ is generated by an countable partition if there exits a countable partition $\mathcal B = \{ B_i \}$ of $\Omega$ such that $\mathcal F = \sigma(\mathcal ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

222 views

### Infinite graphs isomorphic to their line graph

The only finite connected graphs $G$ that are isomorphic to their line graph $L(G)$ are the cycle graphs $C_n$ (see this link for example).
There are connected countable graphs that are isomorphic to ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

279 views

### Consequences of ZF+“all subsets of reals are Lebesgue measurable”

(I'm not sure if this is entirely suitable here so feel free to close it if it's not.) The statement "there is a Lebesgue measure on $\mathbb{R}$($2^\omega$)" means: there is a total $\sigma$-additive ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### a game with generic filters

The present question is a follow-up to this one. Assume GCH holds in $V$ and suppose $G \subseteq Add(\omega_1,\omega_2)$ is generic over $V$. For any $g \subseteq Add(\omega_1,\alpha)$ in $V[G]$ ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

213 views

### Is there a compendium of the consistency strength between the most important formal theories?

Preliminar Notions:
A formal system is a tuple $(\Sigma,G,A,R)$ where $\Sigma$ is an alphabet (set of symbols), $G$ is a formal grammar on $\Sigma$ that generates a formal language $L$ (set of well ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Infimum of partitions

Let $X\neq\emptyset$ be a set. A partition is a subset $P\subseteq {\cal P}(X)\setminus \{\emptyset\}$ such that $\bigcup P = X$ and any distinct members of $P$ are disjoint. We denote by ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

191 views

### Analogues of Primitive Recursive Functions

Let $\mathbf{A}$ be an admissible set (possibly with urelements). I am wondering if there is some good notion of "primitive recursive arithmetic" relative to $\mathbf{A}$. More precisely, I would like ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

247 views

### Limits of determinacy on reals

For $X\subseteq\mathbb{R}^\omega$, say that $X$ is determined if the associated game on $\mathbb{R}$ of length $\omega$ (players I and II alternate playing reals, player I wins iff the sequence built ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

312 views

### Is the functor of points of a scheme cofinally small?

Background: In functorial algebraic geometry one would like to consider the category of all functors $\mathsf{CRing} \to \mathsf{Set}$ and define/characterize the category of schemes as a full ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### Core model for supercompact cardinals and iteration trees

I have a few somehow related questions:
Question 1. What do we expect for an inner model $\mathcal{K}$ to be a core model for a supercompact cardinal? What properties should it have, and what ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

103 views

### Is it possible that all ultrafilters are determined by the meet-semilattice of sub-ultrapowers?

Suppose that $\mathcal{Z}$ is a filter on a set $X$. Let $\Pi(X)$ denote the lattice of all partitions of the set $X$. Then $(\Pi(X),\wedge)$ is a meet-semilattice where
$P\wedge Q=\{R\cap S|R\in ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

182 views

### $\delta$-strong compactness and generalized strong tree properties

Are there non-trivial equivalent characterizations of $\delta$-strongly compact (and almost strongly compact) cardinals in terms of generalized tree properties?
Recall the definitions as per Joan ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

259 views

### The 'class version' of almost disjoint sets: can it fail?

I have a question about 'class versions' of almost disjoint sets. To even state what I'm after, I need to go beyond what one can state in theories like NBG or MK. I'm wondering about the status ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

237 views

### Cardinality of an ultraproduct

Given structures $A_i$ each of cardinality $<\kappa$ where $\kappa$ is a measurable cardinal, the cardinalities of the $A_i$ are not uniformly bounded by a cardinal $\lambda <\kappa$, and ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

198 views

### Are two forms of the Dual Schroeder-Bernstein property equivalent?

We know the Shroeder-Bernstein (SB) theorem can be proved in ZF, while the Dual Schroeder-Bernstein (DSB) can be proved in ZF+AC but not in ZF. Define as ISB the property that whenever there are both ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

384 views

### Products of Cohen forcings

Let $\lambda$ be an infinite cardinal. Does the full support product of $\lambda$ copies of $Add(\omega, 1)$ collapse $2^\lambda$ to $\aleph_0$?
For $\lambda = \omega$, it is known to be true (it is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

380 views

### Did Brouwer evade uncountability?

I have the distinct memory of having often heard and read that intuitionism was inter alia geared to avoid Cantor's uncountable sets, and it may be that this was Brouwer's plan. But are there accounts ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

564 views

### Brouwer vs. Cantor

Brouwer criticises Cantor e.g. in Intuitionistiche Mengenlehre. Is there a link or reference to some streamlined modern account of Brouwer's ideas?

**4**

votes

**0**answers

441 views

### Can you equip every vector space with a Hilbert space structure? [migrated]

Suppose that we have a vector space $X$ over the field $\mathbb F \in \{ \mathbb R, \mathbb C \}$.
Question: Does there exist a Hilbert space $\widehat X$ over $\mathbb F$ such that $\widehat X$, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

325 views

### A question regarding the Hahn-Banach theorem

Wikipedia states that, in $ZF$, the Axiom of Choice ($AC$) implies the Hahn-Banach theorem, but that the Hahn-Banach theorem does not imply $AC$. It also states that in $ZF$, the Hahn-Banach theorem ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Minimality condition in a certain class of hypergraphs

A hypergraph is a pair $H=(V,E)$ such that $V$ is a (possibly infinite) set and $E\subseteq \mathcal{P}(V)$. $C\subseteq E$ is said to be a cover if $\bigcup C = V$ and $C$is minimal if $C'\subseteq ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

278 views

### Preservation of properness

Suppose $\mathbb P$ is a countably closed forcing, and $\mathbb Q$ is a c.c.c. forcing that adds reals. Is $\mathbb P$ still proper in $V^{\mathbb Q}$?

**3**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Some questions on (non)-measurable sets without AC

In his answer to a Math Stack Exchange question of Katlus, Asaf Karagila wrote the following:
"It is a theorem that from $ZF+DC+$"$\aleph_1$$\le$$|$$\mathbb R$$|$" we can prove that there is an ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

204 views

### counterexample regarding quotient algebras in forcing

Suppose $A$ and $B$ are complete subalgebras of a complete boolean algebra $C$. Let $G \subseteq A$ be generic. In the extension $V[G]$, we can define the quotient algebras $B/G$ and $C/G$ in the ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

242 views

### What is known about global well ordering of classes in Gödel-Bernays?

I would like to have something like a linear order on classes, such that every instantiated predicate of classes has a minimal instance in that order. For my purposes, it is fine to assume V=L for ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### Strongly minimal covers

Let $H=(V,E)$ be a hypergraph, that is $V$ is a set and $E\subseteq \mathcal{P}(V)$. We say that $C\subseteq E$ is a cover of $H$ if $\bigcup C = V$.
A cover $M\subseteq E$ is said to be strongly ...

**21**

votes

**2**answers

673 views

### Forcing as a replacement of induction and diagonal arguments

Let me give some examples motivating the question.
The use of forcing instead of induction: For this consider Cantor's theorem:
Theorem 1. Any two countable dense linear orders $I, J$ without end ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

213 views

### A new cardinality living in every forcing extension?

This question is motivated by the papers http://arxiv.org/abs/1405.7456 and http://arxiv.org/abs/1410.1224.
Say that a set $X$ is "generically presentable" over $V\models ZF$ if there is some ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

226 views

### Is there a name for this cardinal?

Let $X$ be a set and $\omega$ be a family of its subsets. Consider the family
$\mathcal{F}$ of subsets of $X$, such that any $A\in\mathcal{F}$ has a
non-empty intersection with each element of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

45 views

### Optimal tiling for a collection of partitions

I'm interested in a possible generalization of Tiling relation on the set of partitions (the question has only been partially answered).
Let $x$ be an infinite set and let $\text{Part}(x)$ be the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Tiling relation on the set of partitions

Let $x\neq \emptyset$ be a set and let $\text{Part}(x)$ be the collection of
all partitions of $x$. We need the following notation. Let $P \in \text{Part}(x)$
and $t\subseteq x$. We set
$$P_{[t]} = ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

99 views

### Closed sets in ordinal spaces

I'm studying the ordinal space $[0,\kappa[$ where $\kappa\neq \omega$ is a cardinal of countable cofinality and I want to know why there are in $[0,\kappa[$ two disjoint closed sets of cardinality ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

219 views

### Axiomatic ZFC Set Theory [closed]

Can the Axiom Schema of Comprehension be omitted from ZFC since it is implied by the Axiom Schema of Replacement?

**1**

vote

**1**answer

147 views

### A question regarding sets of Vitali's type in models of $ZF+GCH$ where $L$$\neq$$V$

Consider sets of Vitali's type in models of $ZF+GCH$ where $L$ $\neq$$V$. Are there sets of Vitali's type in both $L$ and $V-L$? If so, is there any way one can distinguish the constructible sets of ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

344 views

### A question on rank-to-rank embeddings

Consider a non-trivial elementary embedding $j:V_\lambda\to V_\lambda$ and, for each $A\subset V_\lambda$, set $j(A)=\bigcup_{\delta<\lambda}j(A\cap V_\delta)$.
In Implications between strong ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

297 views

### The Set-Theoretic Multiverse and Joint Embeddings

I am curious whether or not the following axiom is independent of Hamkins's axioms for the Set-Theoretic Multiverse. Hamkins's axioms can be found here on pages 1-2 and here on pages 24-26.
Consider ...

**4**

votes

**5**answers

830 views

### A generalized diagonal?

A simple question. Let $ f:X\to Y $ be a function and let $ E_f:=\{(x, y): f (x)=f (y)\}\subset X\times X $. What is the name of the set $ E(f) $? It would be nice to have some reference also. It ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

241 views

### What is the consistency strength of a standard model of ZF versus a transitive model?

A standard model of ZF need not be transitive, of course, and Joel David Hamkins' answer to Large cardinal axioms and Grothendieck universes gives Tarski sets as an interesting example.
I should ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

208 views

### Is there a pairing function from countable ordinals to $\mathbb N$? [closed]

It is well-known that there is a computable pairing function $<\ >:\mathbb N^2\to \mathbb N$. Let $X$ be some reasonable class of countable ordinals ($\omega_1^{CK}$, $\epsilon_0$, ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

226 views

### Cardinal characteristics without choice

(I'm taking my definition of a cardinal characteristic from Blass' excellent article http://www.math.lsa.umich.edu/~ablass/need.pdf, which cites Vojtas/Fremlin/Miller; theirs is more general, but I'm ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

187 views

### Is certain topology-related set a distributive lattice?

In my research the following problem appeared (and if it is true, this solves positively several my conjectures):
Let $U$ be a fixed set (usually $U$ is infinite). Let $n$ be a fixed index set ($n$ ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

652 views

### Where is the Erdős–Rado theorem stated in Erdős and Rado's Bull AMS paper?

This may be inappropriate for MO, but here goes: if I have understood the statement of the Erdős–Rado theorem correctly, then it contains as a special case the following result:
if $\mu$ is ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

229 views

### Is it consistent that $\frak{d} < 2^{\aleph_0}$?

Let $\omega^\omega$ denote the set of all functions $f:\omega\to\omega$. We write $f <^* g$ if there is $N\in\omega$ such that $f(n) < g(n)$ for all $n>N$. A set $D\subseteq \omega^\omega$ is ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

887 views

### Sierpinski's construction of a non-measurable set

In the early 20th century there was a lot of fuss over the axiom of choice implying that there are Lebesgue non-measurable sets of reals. In his book about The Axiom of Choice, Gregory Moore points to ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

782 views

### Where do Set Theory and Number Theory meet together?

As all know, by absoluteness theorems in Set Theory, most of theorems in number theory are $ZFC$-provable if and only if they are consistent with $ZFC$, it's because of absoluteness of essence of ...