**3**

votes

**1**answer

34 views

### Ordinal-definable witnesses to the perfect set property?

This possibly a very basic descriptive set-theory question; if it is too basic for MO, feel free to migrate.
Throughout we work in ZF+AD. My question is:
If $A$ is an uncountable OD set of reals,...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Cofinal monotone maps from $\omega^\omega$ to $\kappa^\kappa$

Given a cardinal $\kappa$ consider the set $\kappa^\kappa$ of all functions from $\kappa$ to $\kappa$, endowed with the partial order $f\le g$ iff $f(\alpha)\le g(\alpha)$ for all $\alpha\in\kappa$.
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

59 views

### Preservation of Baumgartner's I-ultrafilters under various forcings

For $I\subset \mathcal{P}(2^\omega)$, an ultrafilter $U$ on $\omega$ is said to be an I-ultrafilter if for all $f:\omega \to 2^\omega$, there exists $A\in U$ such that $f''[A]\in I$ [Baumgartner]. In ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### On thin $\Sigma^1_2$ equivalence relations

This question is regarding Hjorth's paper "Some applications of coarse inner model theory", J. Symbolic Logic 62 (1997), no. 2, 337–365.
Hjorth claims that if $E$ is a thin $\Sigma^1_2$ equivalence ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### Critical points and the Foundation Axiom

(Note: This question is related to my previous mathoverflow question, "Critical Points in $ZF$ without Choice".)
In the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy entry "Non-Wellfounded Set Theory" (...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### Has a continuous map from $\kappa^\omega$ to $[0,1]^\omega$ a non-scattered fiber?

Question. Let $\kappa>\mathfrak c$ be a cardinal endowed with the discrete topology and $f:\kappa^\omega\to[0,1]^\omega$ be a continuous map. Is there a point $y\in[0,1]^\omega$ whose preimage $f^{-...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### A kind of saturation property related to forcing notions

Forcing is typically done over well-founded models. There are lots of good reasons for this, but it can feel confining at times. Fortunately, we can equally well force over non-well-founded models! It ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

141 views

### Bernstein sets of large cardinality

A metrizable space $X$ will be called a generalized Bernstein set if every closed completely metrizable subspace $C$ of $X$ has cardinality $|C|<|X|$.
It is well-known that the real line contains ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### What is the smallest density of a metrizable space without countable separation?

A Tychonoff space $X$ is defined to have countable separation if some (equivalently, any) compactification $bX$ of $X$ contains a countable family $\mathcal U$ of open sets such that for any points $x\...

**-5**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### Cardinality of infinite sets' subtraction [closed]

$A = \mathbb{N}$; $B = \{\frac{p}{q} : p, q \in \mathbb{Z}\setminus\{0\}\}$. Find the cardinality of $P(A\setminus B)$.
We know that the cardinality of $\mathbb{N}$ is $\aleph_0$, so as the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### $2M = M$ and its subset

I have some question concerning arithmetic of cardinal in ZF.
Write $ X = Y$ if there is a bijection between them.
Let $M$ be a set such that $2M = M$.
Can I show, in ZF, that any infinite subset $X$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

219 views

### Why relative consistency results by forcing arguments are provable in finitistic metatheory

It is claimed in many textbooks that relative consistency results, such as $\text{Con}(\text{ZFC})\rightarrow\text{Con}(\text{ZFC}+2^{\aleph_0}\geq\aleph_2)$, are provable in the finitistic metatheory....

**5**

votes

**1**answer

236 views

### Intuitive descriptions of some large cardinals

I was trying to formulate intuitive descriptions of some large cardinals.
Roughly something equivalent to "A manifold is an object which looks like patches of $R^n$ glued together". Not perfectly ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

153 views

### Well-ordering of power set of omega

Assuming initially the background set theory ZF, what is the exact status of the existence of a well-ordering on the power set of $\omega$? How much needs to be added to guarantee this?

**5**

votes

**1**answer

137 views

### Showing that $\alpha$ isn't a cardinal in $J_{\alpha+1}^{\vec E}$ for a fine extender sequence $\vec E$

In [FSIT] and [OIMT] it is claimed that there is a surjection from $P(\kappa)\cap J^{\vec E}_{\nu(E_\alpha)}\times[\nu(E_\alpha)]^{<\omega}$ onto $\alpha$, and that this surjection lies in $J_{\...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

253 views

### Critical points in $ZF$ without Choice

Recall the definition of critical point for set theory:
A critical point of an elementary embedding of one transitive class into another transitive class is the smallest ordinal not mapped to ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

238 views

### Are There Mutually Exclusive Large Cardinal Axioms in ZFC?

The various large cardinal axioms are usually described in terms of some roughly linear hierarchy of varying consistency strengths. However, some cardinal axioms potentially contradict one another. As ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### Is there a model of ZF+ACC where transfer fails for the definable hyperreals?

A decade ago Kanovei and Shelah constructed a definable hyperreal field. The ultrapower used exploits a fairly large index set so that it is clear that the usual proof of Los and transfer does not go ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Definability using rudimentary function

Denote by RUD the set of all rudimentary functions, together with the function that takes any set to its transitive closure.
Assume that I know that a binary relation $R$ is definable by some ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

12 views

### Continuous function on compact topological space [migrated]

I came across the following statement.
Let $X$ a uncountable set, $p \notin X$ and $X^* = X \cup \{p\}$. Let $$\mathcal O := \{O \subseteq X^* \mid O \subseteq X \text{ or } p \in O \text{ and } X \...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Transfer with minimal choice

Let FUF postulate the existence of a Free UltraFilter on $\mathbb{N}$ and ACC the axiom of countable choice. Consider the superstructure on $\mathbb{R}$ and its inclusion in the bounded ultrapower. ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### On a strengthening of strong measure zero

Recall that a set of $X$ of reals has strong measure zero (SMZ) if for every sequence $\{\epsilon_n:n<\omega\}$ of positive real numbers, there is a sequence $\{I_n:n<\omega\}$ of intervals such ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

751 views

### Is it inconsistent for a model of set theory to contain its own first order theory?

I am wondering if it is inconsistent to have a model of set theory V such that V contains an $A\subset \omega$ that codes its first order theory.I.e. for all $\{\underline\epsilon\}$-sentences $\phi$, ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

144 views

### Can Dedekind's 'proof' of the existence of infinite sets be properly formulated and carried out in positive set theory?

This question is related to Mikhail Katz's recent mathoverflow question, "Has Dedekind's proof of the existence of existence of infinite sets been analyzed by historians?". Dedekind's 'proof' seems (...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

136 views

### Full epsilon-induction and bounded epsilon-induction

epsilon-induction is the scheme: $\forall x(\forall y\in x\varphi (y)\rightarrow \varphi (x))\rightarrow \forall x\varphi (x)$.
Let "bounded epsilon-induction" be the above scheme, but only for ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Has Dedekind's proof of existence of infinite sets been analyzed by historians?

This pdf by David Joyce notes that in paragraph 66 of his famous essay, Dedekind claims to prove the existence of an infinite set.
The proof exploits the assumption that there exists a set $S$ of all ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

312 views

### When are generic models not too wild?

This is a question related to ideas raised in http://arxiv.org/abs/1410.1224 and http://arxiv.org/pdf/1405.7456.pdf. Basically, the idea is the following:
Suppose I have a first-order theory $T$. ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

349 views

### Real-valued measurable cardinals

A cardinal $\kappa$ is real-valued measurable if there is a probability measure on the $\sigma$-algebra of all subsets of $\kappa$ which is zero on singletons and additive on disjoint families of ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

211 views

### Is there a proof (maybe formulated by Feferman) which says that a proof about the (in)consistency of ZFC is unachievable? [closed]

Is there a proof (maybe formulated by Feferman) which says that a proof about the (in)consistency of ZFC is unachievable?
A professor said it to me a long time ago, but I don't have any references.
...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

825 views

### Witness to a failure of Fubini/Tonelli

Is it provable in ZFC that there is a subset of the plane all of whose vertical cross sections have Lebesgue measure zero and all of whose horizontal cross sections are complements of sets of Lebesgue ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

151 views

### Is there any infinite set which is Dedekind finite and weakly Dedekind finite?

Is there any infinite set which is Dedekind finite and weakly Dedekind finite?
If $X$ is a weakly Dedekind finite amorphous set, can we show that $\mathcal P(X)$, the power set of $X$, is also weakly ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

228 views

### Is this weak form of $V=L$ (in)consistent with large cardinals?

I have been considering a (definability-free) weak form of the constructibility axiom, which is intended to capture the coarse structure of the constructible hierarchy. This means that this weak form ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

160 views

### Reference request: The consistency of a tall tower in $\mathbb{N}^\mathbb{N}$

A $\kappa$-tower in $\mathbb{N}^\mathbb{N}$ is a sequence
$\langle a_\alpha : \alpha<\kappa\rangle$ in $\mathbb{N}^\mathbb{N}$
that is $\le^*$-increasing with $\alpha$
and has no $\le^*$-upper ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

131 views

### Examples of analytic $\mathcal{I}$-mad families

If $\mathcal{I}$ is an ideal (proper and containing the finite sets) on $\omega$, call a family of subsets $\mathcal{A}\subseteq[\omega]^\omega$ $\mathcal{I}$-almost disjoint if for all distinct $A,B\...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

199 views

### Inner models and strongly compact cardinals

The following question is motivated by a result of Magidor that it is consistent that the least strongly compact cardinal is the least measurable cardinal.
Question. Assume $\kappa$ is a strongly ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

145 views

### Martin-Solovay Tree of Weakly Homogeneous Tree under $\mathsf{AD}_\mathbb{R}$

A tree $T$ on $\omega \times \lambda$ is weakly homogeneous if there is a countable set $\sigma$ of countably complete measures on ${}^{<\omega}\lambda$ so that $x \in p[T]$ if and only if there is ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### Precipitous ideals and GCH

It is well known that ZFC + "There is a measurable cardinal" is equiconsistent with ZFC + "There is a precipitous ideal on $\omega_1$." Is ZFC + "There is a measurable $\kappa$ such that $2^\kappa &...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

183 views

### Unbounded towers and combinatorial cardinal characteristics of the continuum

Update: Perhaps the question is too difficult. I would appreciate, thus, even just comments or related observations.
This question assumes familiarity with combinatorial cardinal characteristics of ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

300 views

### When is there an unbounded tower in $[\mathbb{N}]^\infty$?

(Edit: I'm splitting the question, leaving here only what is answered by Ashutosh, and moving the rest to another question.)
This question assumes familiarity with combinatorial cardinal ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

222 views

### Is it consistent that the gaps between cardinals $\kappa$ and $2^\kappa$ “get larger and larger”?

Is the following statement consistent in $\mathsf{ZFC}$?
For every ordinal $\beta$ there is an ordinal $\lambda_0$ such that for all ordinals $\lambda\geq\lambda_0$ we have $2^{\aleph_{\...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

208 views

### What is the height (or depth) of $[\mathbb{N}]^\infty$?

(This question assumes familiarity with combinatorial cardinal characteristics of the continnum.)
Let $[\mathbb{N}]^\infty$ be the family of infinite subsets of $\mathbb{N}$,
partially ordered by $\...

**-8**

votes

**1**answer

365 views

### Missing Axiom: There are no other axioms. Leads to a proof of CH within ZFC [closed]

I have come to the conclusion that there is often an implied axiom: There are no other axioms. Failure to explicitly state this axiom and to consider its consequences can result in the misleading ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

161 views

### Can epsilon-induction be derived from the transitive closure operator?

I was wondering (and could not seem to prove or disprove) if epsilon-induction could be derived from the transitive closure operator for binary relations, if we do not have the Foundation Axiom.
The ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

378 views

### A question on subsets of $\omega_1$

Is there a family $\{A_\alpha:\alpha<2^{\omega_1}\}\subset [\omega_1]^{\omega_1}$ in ZFC such that for each countable set $I\subset 2^{\omega_1}$ and $\alpha\in 2^{\omega_1}\setminus I$ we have
$$...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

160 views

### Completing class-sized Fields

Let's say that an ordered Field is a class (proper or not) which satisfies the axioms of ordered fields. We work in NBG set theory with global choice.
Let's say that an ordered Field is real closed ...

**14**

votes

**0**answers

390 views

### The axiom $I_0$ in the absence of $AC$

It is well-known that if $AC$ holds and if $j: L(V_{\lambda+1}) \to L(V_{\lambda+1})$ is a non-trivial elementary embedding with $crit(j) < \lambda,$
then $\lambda$ has countable cofinality (and in ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

333 views

### Embedding property of weakly compact cardinals

One of the characterizations of $\kappa$ being a weakly compact cardinal is being inaccessible, and for every $\kappa$-model $M$, there is a [$\kappa$-model] $N$ and an elementary embedding $j\colon M\...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Subgraphs of $\mathbb{R}^2$ in the Hadwiger-Nelson problem

In the setting of the Hadwiger-Nelson problem, two points of $\mathbb{R}^2$ form an edge if and only if their distance is $1$. The resulting graph $G$ has chromatic number $\chi(G)\in \{4,5,6,7\}$ and ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

262 views

### moving up a consequence of PFA

The Proper Forcing Axiom (PFA) implies that every forcing which adds a subset of $\omega_1$ either adds a real or collapses $\omega_2$. Is it consistent that every forcing which adds a subset of $\...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

193 views

### Nonexistence of generic objects over $L(\mathbb{R})$

A well known result (stated and credited to Todorcevic in "Semiselective Coideals", by Farah, Mathematika, 1997, but with antecedents going back to Mathias) says that, under the appropriate large ...