**4**

votes

**1**answer

77 views

### almost huge embeddings and stationary correctness

Suppose $\kappa$ is an almost huge cardinal. Using the characterization of Theorem 24.11 in Kanamori's book, one can show that if $j : V \to M$ is an embedding derived from an almost-huge tower of ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

164 views

### Is there an $L$ like inner model for $\sf Z$?

Godel proved the consistency of the axiom of choice with the axioms of $\sf ZF$ by showing that given any model of $\sf ZF$, there is a definable class which satisfies $\sf ZFC$.
The proof uses a lot ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

134 views

### Reinhardt cardinals and iterability

Work in $ZF$. Let $j:V\to V$ be a non-trivial elementary embedding which is iterable, so that we can iterate it and form models $M_\alpha, \alpha\in ON,$ with $M_0=V,$ and elementary embeddings ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### Countable choice in $L(\mathbb{R}^*_G)$

Let $\lambda$ be a singular strong limit cardinal and let $G \subset \text{Col}(\omega,\mathord{<}\lambda)$ be a $V$-generic filter. Let $\mathbb{R}^*_G = \bigcup_{\alpha < \lambda} ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Does $\mathsf{fReR}_0$ prove the existence of the cartesian product of two sets

$\mathsf{fReR}_0$ is the set-theoretical system whose axioms consist of:
(1) Axiom of extensionality: $\forall z\in x\ (z\in y)\wedge\forall z\in y\ (z\in x)\rightarrow x=y$
(2) Axiom of empty set: ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

173 views

### Can (how) one distinguish germs of continuous functions by a countable set of params?

Continuous functions can be distinguished by their values at say rational points of [0 1].
Germs of analytic functions can be distinguished by derivatives at a point.
So in both cases we see ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

211 views

### A question on Gandy-Jensen system and the rudimentary functions

Let $\mathrm{R}_0,\cdots,\mathrm{R}_8$ be the following functions:
$\mathrm{R}_0(x,y)=\{x,y\}$
$\mathrm{R}_1(x,y)=x-y$
$\mathrm{R}_2(x)=\bigcup x$
$\mathrm{R}_3(x,y)=x\times y$
...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

235 views

### On $V$-decisive and weakly homogeneous forcings

Suppose that $\Bbb P$ is a forcing in $V$, we say that $\Bbb P$ is $V$-decisive if whenever $\varphi(x_1,\ldots,x_n)$ is a statement in the language of forcing, and $u_1,\ldots,u_n\in V$ then $1_{\Bbb ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

186 views

### Canonical functions in set theory and their applications

Given regular cardinal $\kappa>\omega,$ we can define the canonical functions $f_\alpha: \kappa\to \kappa,$ for $\alpha<\kappa^+.$
Some of their properties are presented in Chapter 22 of the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

560 views

### About the hypothesis of Zorn's lemma

The proofs I know of Zorn's lemma give the following refinement:
Let $(X,<)$ be a partially ordered set such that every well-ordered
subset of $X$ has an upperbound. Then $X$ has a maximal ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

400 views

### The continuum hypothesis for packing shapes without overlapping

Consider the finite cross $C$ (=union of line segments $\overline{(0, -1)(0, 1)}$ and $\overline{(-1, 0)(1, 0)}$) and the unit half-circle $H$. It is easy to see that we may pack continuum-many ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

176 views

### Can the Cohen forcing collapse cardinals?

Let $\kappa$ be a regular cardinal, and let $\mathbb{P} = Add(\kappa,1)$ be the standard forcing notion for adding a new subset of $\kappa$ using partial function from $\kappa$ to $2$ with domain of ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

95 views

### proof that “small” sets in an extension by iterated forcing already appear in an earlier stage

In Kunen's book (introduction to independence proofs, ) the following lemma is proved (chapter 8, lemma 5.14):
Assume that in M, $\alpha$ is a limit ordinal,
$( ( \mathbb{P}_\xi : \xi \leq \alpha) , ...

**12**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Is it possible to formulate the axiom of choice as the existence of a survival strategy?

Consider the following situation:
There is an infinite set $G$ of giraffes.
A lion comes and announces a set $C$ of all possible colours and an infinite cardinal $\kappa$.
The hungry lion ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### non(Meager) in Random times Random extension

Suppose the least size of a non meager set of reals is $\kappa$. Is it still $\kappa$ after forcing with Random $\times$ Random?

**3**

votes

**0**answers

133 views

### Recursively Pointed Sacks Forcing and Preserving $\omega_1$

Let $\mathbb{P}$ denote recursively pointed Sacks forcing. This is forcing with recursively pointed perfect trees ordered by inclusion. A tree $T \subseteq {}^{<\omega}2$ is recursively pointed if ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Discrete subsets in the topology of pointwise convergence vs. metrisability

While reading Arkhangel'skii's Topological function spaces, I encountered an unexpected application of Martin's Axiom. This is Theorem II.5.20:
Assume $\mathsf{MA}+\neg \mathsf{CH}$. Let $X$ be a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### How to change the successor of a singular with a Woodin?

I'm looking for references on how to change the successor of a singular cardinal from "more or less" minimal assumptions. If possible, then without adding bounded subsets to the singular either.
In ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Consequences of ZFC+“$|x|\lt|y| \rightarrow |2^x|\lt|2^y|$”

This question stems from http://mathoverflow.net/a/6594/22332 and really is summarized in the title: Has there been any research on the power of $|x|\lt|y| \rightarrow |2^x|\lt|2^y|$? It seems like it ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Consistency of Weak Diamond with a Weak Version of Martin's Axiom

If $S \subset \omega_1$ is stationary, then the weak diamond principle $\Phi(S)$ states that for any $F: 2^{<\omega_1} \to 2$, there is a $g: \omega_1 \to 2$ such that for all $f: \omega_1 \to 2$, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### Another question on Borel sets and projections

Let $A$ be a (bounded) Borel set in $R^n$. Then we know that its projection $A_1$ on $R^{n-1}$ does not have to be Borel. But does $A_1$ have the following property?
Let $\mu$ be a given ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

290 views

### Forcing is intuitionistic

The main idea of why it´s necessary a generic filter $G$ to extend a countable transitive $\epsilon$-interpretation (not necessarily a model) $M$ is given by the condition (for which $G$ being a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Erdős cardinals and $0^\sharp$

It is well-known that if the Erdős cardinal $\kappa(\omega_1)$ exists, then $0^\sharp$ exists, but what if $\kappa(\lambda)$ exists for a limit ordinal $\omega_1^L\leq \lambda<\omega_1$? Does this ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### A Question Regarding the Powerset Size Axiom

Consider the the Powerset Size Axiom, that is, the following:
(PSA) ($\forall$x,y) |x|$\lt$|y|$\Rightarrow$$2^{|x|}$$\lt$$2^{|y|}$.
Does there exist a class $\mathscr M$ of models of ZFC such that ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

29 views

### Unfinite partition of $\mathbb N$ [migrated]

I am looking for an explicit partition of $\mathbb N$ with the following condition:
$$\mathbb N=\bigsqcup_{i\in\mathbb N}A_i$$
where all the $A_i$'s are infinite.
What I mean by explicit is a formula ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Iterated ultrapowers of L

If there exists a measurable cardinal, we can generate a sequence of iterated ultrapowers $\{Ult_U^\alpha(V)\}_{\alpha\in ON}$. If $0^\sharp$ exists, i.e. if there exists an elementary embedding ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

3 views

### Proving set equality [migrated]

I'm trying to prove two sets are equal, and I am wondering if my method of proof is ok.
I know the "standard" way to show two sets are equal is to show that each is a subset of the other. Doing this ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Does existence of $\omega_1$ subset of reals imply $\omega_1$ choice for subsets of reals?

Suppose there exists a subset of $\Bbb R$ which has cardinality $\omega_1$. Is it then necessarilly true that for every collection of $\omega_1$ subsets of $\Bbb R$ there exists a choice function?
I ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Is Every New Real in the Silver Extension a Silver Generic Real?

Let $\mathbb{V}$ denote Prikry-Silver forcing. That is, $\mathbb{V}$ is forcing with partial functions $\omega \rightarrow 2$ with coinfinite domain or forcing with uniform trees.
Let $\dot x$ ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

311 views

### Explicit examples of undetermined games

Suppose we have a game between two players in which they take alternating turns. The game can have finite length, length $\omega$ or any transfinite number of steps (however, I'm not concerning games ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

213 views

### On the definition of the $\alpha$-iterable cardinals

I am reading the paper Ramsey-like cardinals II by Victoria Gitman and Philip Welch (Journal of Symbolic Logic, vol. 76, no. 2. pp. 541-560, 2011) and maybe I am missing something.
According to the ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

460 views

### Boolean Valued Models of PA

O.K, a massively naive question. I've never really studied any non-standard models of PA before. I was just wondering if there's ever been any attempt to use the kind of Boolean valued model theory ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

174 views

### Is $\mathbb{Z}^{\omega}$ ever the union of a chain of proper subgroups each isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}^{\omega}$?

Recall that the covering number $cov(B)$ is the least cardinal $\kappa$ such that $\kappa$ meagre sets cover the real line. Andreas Blass and John Irwin http://www.math.lsa.umich.edu/~ablass/bb.pdf ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

896 views

### The impact of large cardinals in mathematics [closed]

What are the main applications of large cardinals in ordinary mathematics, and what is the philosophy behind using them. In particular:
Question 1. What is the philosophy behind accepting large ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

285 views

### cardinality of perfect sets in generalized Baire space

I've been unable to find an answer to the following question in the literature
on generalized descriptive set theory. Consider Baire space $\kappa^{\kappa}$
where $\kappa$ is inaccessible. The basic ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

156 views

### Preservation Results for Iterations of Non-Proper Forcing

Suppose $\mathbb{P}$ is a forcing with the following properties: Let $G \subseteq \mathbb{P}$ be filter generic over $V$, then there exists $A \in V[G]$ such that $V[G]$ thinks $A$ is countable and $A ...

**7**

votes

**5**answers

752 views

### What is the best way to construct an Aronszajn Tree?

What is the best definition of Aronszajn tree? And, what is the best proof that it exists?
So I write the question to learn more about Aronszajn trees, any further detail is my intention to ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

331 views

### If every nonseparable metric space contains a sequence of subsets with no convergent subsequence, does the Continuum Hypothesis hold?

If every nonseparable metric space contains a sequence of subsets with no convergent subsequence, does the Continuum Hypothesis hold?
The answer is negative, and in the interests of self-contained ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### On a weak tree property for inaccessible cardinals

Suppose that $\kappa$ is inaccessible and consider a tree of height $\kappa$ whose levels have size strictly below some cardinal $\gamma < \kappa$. Does this type of tree always have a ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

482 views

### Is $\mathbb{R}$ a $\mathbb{C}$-module without AC?

Assuming ZFC. We can make $(\mathbb{R},+)$ into a nontrivial(scaler multiplication is not identicaly zero) $\mathbb{C}$-module.
Now my questions are?
0.Is it consistent with $ZF$ that $\mathbb{R}$ is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

182 views

### A Question Regarding Weak Diamond

In Assaf Rinot's survey article "Jenson's diamond principle and its relatives", he proves the following fact:
Fact 2.5:For every stationary set S, $\Phi_{S}$...entails that no ladder system ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

247 views

### higher-order reflection

In the first-order context, "reflection" of a formula $\varphi(x)$ below $\kappa$ refers to the the following situation:
There are many ordinals $\alpha<\kappa$ such that for all $a \in ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

358 views

### Can $V\neq\text{HOD}$ if every $\Sigma_2$-definable set has an ordinal-definable element?

This question arises from an issue arising in user38200's recent question concerning models of set theory in which every definable set has a definable element. In my answer to that question, with ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

550 views

### Is it consistent with ZFC (or ZF) that every definable family of sets has at least one definable member?

I consider definability to mean one of either cases:
Definability without parameters (in the language of set theory), or
Definability from ordinals and a real (in the same language).
So my ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

194 views

### Constructing a function from preimages

This question was inspired by Can we build a continuous function from "fibers"/preimages defined over a topological base?
Let $X,Y$ be sets and $L\subseteq \mathcal{P}(Y)$. Suppose $L$ has ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

162 views

### A question about $\dot{S^Q}$-semiproperness and revised countable support iterated forcing of length a limit ordinal

For a forcing notion $Q$, let $\dot{S^Q}$ be the $Q$-name for the class of ordinals $\{\kappa : \kappa = \omega_1^{V}$ $or$ $\kappa$ $is$ $a$ $regular$ $uncountable$ $cardinal \}$ in $V^Q$.
We say ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

341 views

### Different approaches to forcing

There are many different approaches to the forcing method, and I am looking for all known such approaches. So my question is:
Question 1. Which different approaches to set theoretic forcing are ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

171 views

### Operators on $\ell_\infty(\Gamma)$ and almost disjoint families of subsets

It is well known that given an operator $T:\ell_\infty\to\ell_\infty$ such that $Tx=0$ for each $x\in c_0$ there exists an infinite subset $M$ of the positive integers so that $Tx=0$ for each $x\in ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

223 views

### Silver's unpublished work on reverse Easton iteration

Silver was the first person who used the method of reverse Easton iterations in connection with large cardinals, and used it to force the failure of $GCH$ at some measurable cardinal.
At most papers ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

332 views

### A “good scale” that is not really a scale

I don't know much about singular cardinal combinatorics, so I apologize in advance if I write something that is wrong or looks funny. First let me recall some basic definitions.
Let $\lambda$ be a ...