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0
votes
1answer
88 views

Energy of repeated filter

For given sequences $a=(a_1, a_2, \cdots)$ and $b=(b_1, b_2, \cdots)$, define $$a \star b$$ as the convolution. Formally, $$c=a \star b$$ implies the $i$th element of $c$, $c_i$, satisfies the ...
21
votes
1answer
235 views

Rearrangements of a power series at the boundary of convergence

Take some power series $f(z) = \sum a_n z^n$ with a finite non-zero radius of convergence. I can rearrange the terms of the series, say, to get a different infinite series $$f_{\sigma}(z) = ...
3
votes
2answers
111 views

series representation of bivariate functions

Given a bivariate function $f(x, y)$ with $x \in [-a,a]$ and $y \in [-b, b]$, what is the necessary and sufficient condition under which we can write $f(x, y) = \sum g_k(x)h_k(y)$ for all $(x,y)$ in ...
2
votes
2answers
301 views

Asymptotic behaviour of sequence

I am interested in the sequence $$a(n)=\sum_{k=0}^n {p(n-k) \choose k}$$ where $p(n)$ is a polynomial equation. When $p(n)=n$ this reduces to the Fibonacci sequence, but what about when $p(n)$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
272 views

Series of the inverse quadratic trinomial

Maybe it's a very simple question, but I have a problem with the following series $$\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n^2+pn+q},$$ where $p, q \in \mathbb{R}$. I know about five ways how to calculate ...
3
votes
2answers
250 views

norm of the matrix series

The goal is to obtain an upper bound for the norm of the vector $$ \left\|\sum\limits_{k=0}^{\infty}(I−A)^kAw_k\right\| $$ for any symmetric matrix $A\in{\mathbb R}^{n×n}$ which $0\preceq A\preceq I$ ...
10
votes
1answer
701 views

Can an infinite number of mathematicians guess the number in a box with only one error?

In this question the following observation was made: Consider a sequence of boxes numbered 0, 1, ... each containing one real number. The real number cannot be seen unless the box is opened. Define ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Extending a Certain Result from Locally Convex Topological Vector Spaces to General Topological Vector Spaces

In this Math Stack Exchange post, I proved the following result. Theorem: Let $ X $ be a locally convex topological vector space. Let $ x \in X $ and suppose that $ (x_{n})_{n \in \mathbb{N}} $ is ...
1
vote
0answers
275 views

Do these infinite series expressing $\zeta(s)$ only (partially) converge at $\Re(s)=\frac12$?

The following analytic continuation for $\zeta(s)$ towards $\Re(s)>-1$ was derived here: $$\displaystyle \zeta(s) = \frac{1}{2\,(s-1)} \left(\sum _{n=1}^{\infty } {\frac {s-1-2\,n}{{n}^{s}}} + ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

Probabilities in a riddle involving axiom of choice

The question is about a modification of the following riddle (you can think about it before reading the answer if you like riddles, but that's not the point of my question): The Riddle: We assume ...
0
votes
2answers
161 views

Finding the min of a sequence related with factorials

Let $N,n$ be natural numbers. Let us define $a_n=m$ when $N!$ can be divided by $(n!)^m$ and it cannot be divided by $(n!)^{m+1}$. For a given $N(\ge 2)$, let $\min(N)$ be the min of $na_n\ (2\le ...
0
votes
0answers
99 views

Multivariate generating function

I am investigating the perturbation of the Jordan canonical form. In my work I must calculate the number of ways to factor $p^ {n-k} q^k$ where $p$ and $q$ are distinct primes ...
10
votes
1answer
553 views

Order of magnitude of $\sum \frac{1}{\log{p}}$

Question: What is the order of magnitude of the following sum? $$ \sum_{p<n}_{p\ \ prime} \frac{1}{\log{p}} $$ Additional information: Since $$ \sum_{p<n}_{p\ \ prime} \frac{1}{\log{n}} ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

Infinite series - analytical solution

Analytical Solution is required for: $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty (2n+1)\exp(-n(n+1)x),$$ $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty (2n+1)^2\exp(-n(n+1)x),$$ $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty n(n+1)(2n+1)\exp(-n(n+1)x),$$ $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty ...
8
votes
1answer
299 views

Asymptotic behavior of the sequence $u_n = u_{n-1}^2-n$

I am currently interested in the following sequence: $$\begin{cases}u_0 & = & \alpha\\u_n & = & u_{n-1}^2-n\end{cases}$$ where $\alpha > C \approx 1.75793275... $ with $C$ being the ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Proof that Newton expansion over derivatives has the properties of an integral [duplicate]

Let's consider a Newton expansion over consecutive derivatives of a function: $$F(x)=\sum_{m=0}^{\infty} \binom {-1}m \sum_{k=0}^m\binom mk(-1)^{m-k}f^{(k)}(x)$$ Can it be proven that such ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Implications of natural functions (as defined here) to integrals and iterations

This is a split from the previous question which I re-formulated to better match the received answer. Let's define a natural function as a continuous function that is equal to its Newton expansion: ...
2
votes
1answer
245 views

How to find the coefficients of a poor-converging series?

I have the series $\psi(r,\theta;p)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n J_{\pi n/\Phi}(p r)\cos(\pi n \theta/\Phi)$ and the boundary conditions $\psi(r,\pm\Phi;p)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n J_{\pi ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

A generalization of alternating series involving modulus?

Alternating series are common in the literature, with important examples including $\displaystyle\sum_{n=1}\frac{(-1)^{n-1}}{n}=\log 2$, ...
7
votes
1answer
408 views

Is the mapping $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow [0,1], \ x \mapsto \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\lfloor x^n \rfloor \mod 2}{2^n}$ surjective?

Is the mapping $$ f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow [0,1], \ x \mapsto \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\lfloor x^n \rfloor \mod 2}{2^n} $$ surjective? If not, what is its image? If yes, what can be said about ...
5
votes
0answers
121 views

Inverse problems for an asymptotic series which depends on a parameter?

I have the series $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}(-1)^{n}a_{n}(\nu)\frac{\sin[\nu\,(m-n)]}{\nu\,(m^2-n^2)}=\frac{1}{m}$, where $m$ is an integer. Is it possible to compute the coeffients $a_{n}(\nu)$? An ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Structural differences between closed forms of two related infinite products?

In this question, I went quite a bit over the top, so I now tried to rephrase it in a much simpler way. Take $a \in \mathbb{R}, s \in \mathbb{C}$ and: $$\displaystyle C(s,a) := \prod_{n=1}^\infty ...
4
votes
0answers
533 views

$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{a_n}=\infty$ $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{b_n}=\infty$ but $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{a_n+b_n}=c, c\in R$ [closed]

The following question is inspired from: Defining the slowest divergent series. Let $a_n$ and $b_n$ be two strictly increasing sequences of natural numbers,with ...
0
votes
1answer
149 views

Transcendental numbers as infinite products of sides of squares

We can obtain such an infinity of sides of squares by continuously increasing the length of the side of the inscribed square to the length of the circumscribed square of a circle with diameter equal ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

A nonlinear initial-boundary value problems with Taylor expansion of parameter [closed]

Let $u(x,t; \epsilon)$ satisfy the nonlinear initial boundary value problem $$ u_{tt} = (u_{x} + u_{x}^3)_{x} + u_{xxt}, \space 0 \lt x \lt 1 $$ $$ u(0,t) = 0 \\ u(1,t) = 0 \\ u(x,0) = \epsilon f(x) ...
13
votes
2answers
823 views

Does this sequence always give an integer?

It is known that the $k$-Somos sequences always give integers for $2\le k\le 7$. For example, the $6$-Somos sequence is defined as the following : $$a_{n+6}=\frac{a_{n+5}\cdot a_{n+1}+a_{n+4}\cdot ...
6
votes
2answers
461 views

$ - \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^n}{2^n-1} =? \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{2^n+1}$ [closed]

Numerical evidence suggests: $$ - \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^n}{2^n-1} =? \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{2^n+1} \approx 0.764499780348444 $$ Couldn't find cancellation via rearrangement. For the ...
2
votes
2answers
425 views

Defining $\{a_i\}$ as $(1+x+⋯+x^k)^n =\sum_{i=0}^{kn}a_ix^i$, then is the 'special' difference-sequence $\{d^Na_i\}$ a unimodal sequence?

Question : Letting $k,n$ be positive integers, let's define a sequence $\{a_i\}\ (i=0,1,\cdots, kn)$ as $$(1+x+\cdots+x^k)^n=\sum_{i=0}^{kn}a_ix^i.$$ Then, is the 'special' difference-sequence ...
1
vote
0answers
190 views

Convergence of $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\psi^{(1)}(1-n/\pi)}{n^3}$

Related to an open problem about another series. Set $$A= \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\psi^{(1)}(1-n/\pi)}{n^3}$$ where $\psi^{(n)}(k)$ is the polygamma function. Does $A$ converge? The related ...
1
vote
0answers
74 views

The $d$-dimension extension of Bernoulli Polynomial

It is known that Bernoulli polynomial has the following Fourier expansion: \begin{equation*} B_{2n}(x) = \frac{(-1)^{n-1}2(2n)!}{(2\pi)^{2n}}\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\frac{\cos(2k\pi x)}{k^{2n}}. ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

A second polylogarithm ladder for the tribonacci and n-nacci constants

In "A seventeenth-order polylogarithm ladder", on page 6 (eq 25), Bailey et al give a dilogarithmic ladder that begins with, $$0 = ...
6
votes
0answers
309 views

Graphs with graphic imbalance sequences

Let $G$ be simple undirected graph and $e=uv\in E(G)$. The imbalance of the edge $e$ is the value $imb(e)=|d(u)-d(v)|$. Let $M_{G}$ denotes the imbalance sequence (or more correctly, multiset of ...
8
votes
0answers
464 views

Can an infinite sum depending on the logarithms of all positive integers be rational or algebraic?

Consider $$ C = \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^{f_1(n)} f_2(n) \log{n} + f_3(n)}{f_4(n)}$$ The sum converges. $f_1$ is either $0$ or $n-1$, $f_2,f_3,f_4$ are polynomials with integer coefficients and $ ...
2
votes
1answer
378 views

Is this known alternating sum for Euler's constant?

This probably is known, but Wolfram Alpha doesn't recognize it and couldn't find it in Mathworld (there is something close, but using floor). We have $\lim_{s \to 1} (\zeta(s)-1/(s-1)) = \gamma$ ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

Lambert series identity

Can someone give me a short proof of the identity, $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{q^nx^{n^2}}{1-qx^{n}}+\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{q^nx^{n(n+1)}}{1-x^n}=\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{q^nx^n}{1-x^n}$$
-2
votes
1answer
161 views

non-trivial convergent sequence [duplicate]

I have reached a deadlock to find a example to show that a compact Hausdorff space does not need to have a no non-trivial convergent sequence.(except $\beta\omega$) can you give me a example of ...
3
votes
1answer
190 views

A question on graphic sequences

Let $G$ be a graph and $d_{G}(u)$ denotes degree of a vertex $u$ in $G$. Consider the next multiset $$M_{G}:=\{|d_{G}(u)-d_{G}(v)|:\ uv\in E(G)\}.$$ Conjecture: $M_{G}$ is graphical for every $G$. ...
37
votes
2answers
1k views

Numbers that are generic w.r.t. exponentiation

This is a follow-up to my old question Number of distinct values taken by $x\hat{\phantom{\hat{}}}x\hat{\phantom{\hat{}}}\dots\hat{\phantom{\hat{}}}x$ with parentheses inserted in all possible ways. ...
4
votes
1answer
227 views

A complex sequence with positive values

Let $\lambda_1,\dots,\lambda_d$ be complex numbers that constitute the spectrum of a nonnegative integer matrix, and $P_1,\dots, P_d$ be complex polynoms, such that the sequence $$u_n=\Sigma_{i=1}^d ...
5
votes
1answer
860 views

Beyond Collatz: A $5n+1$ conjecture? [closed]

Let $$x_{n+1} = \begin{cases} x_n/2 &;\text{if } x_n \equiv 0 \pmod{2}\\ k\,x_n+1 &; \text{if } x_n\equiv 1 \pmod{2} \end{cases}$$ and $k=3$ and $x_n\in\Bbb N$. Collatz conjectured for this ...
10
votes
3answers
801 views

Convergent subsequence of $\sin n$

It is well known (not to me -- ed.) that for every real number $\theta \in [0, 1]$ there exists a sequence $(k_i)$ such that $\lim\sin k_i = \theta,$ but there appear to be no explicit such ...
6
votes
1answer
237 views

Certain asymptotics involving double infinite sum

Let $1<\alpha<\beta<3/2$. Set $$ S(n)= \sum_{i,j>0} [i^\alpha+j^\beta]^{-1}[(i+n)^\alpha+(j+n)^\beta]^{-1}. $$ One can check that $S(n)$ is finite. My question is when $n\rightarrow ...
0
votes
1answer
161 views

upper bound on infinite series by exponentials

I'm interested in upper bounding the following infinite series by exponential functions for x>1 (I would be fine with x>2 as well). \begin{eqnarray*} \sum_{n=1}^{\infty}e^{-\frac{x^2n^2}{2}}\\ ...
14
votes
3answers
411 views

sequences of real numbers

Let $\lbrace x_i\rbrace_{i=1}^\infty$ be a sequence of distinct numbers in $(0,1)$. For any $n$ after deleting $x_1,...,x_n$ from $[0,1]$ we get $n+1$ subintervals. Let $a_n$ be the maximum length of ...
17
votes
1answer
346 views

Busy Beaver modulo 2

There is well-known Rado's "Busy Beaver" sequence — the maximal number of marks which a halting Turing machine with n states, 2 symbols (blank, mark) can produce onto an initially blank two-way ...
1
vote
1answer
266 views

Questions about expansion of $f(x)=\sum_{i=1}^{\infty} a_i x^i$

In complex field, assume $f(x)=\sum_{i=1}^{\infty} a_i x^i$ where $a_i \in {\bf N}$ or $a_i = 0$, and $f(x)$ converges in an area. Question 1: are there $$f(x)=p(x)+\sum_{i=1}^{\infty}r_i(x), $$ or ...
10
votes
3answers
542 views

Calculus Teaching: Is it possible or desirable to give a severely abbreviated treatment of series convergence tests?

I will be teaching Calculus 2 this fall at a large U.S. state university. Our incoming students tend to have a limited or inconsistent background, which limits the amount of material we can cover. ...
12
votes
2answers
718 views

An Euler-proof that cannot be repaired?

Ed Sandifer writes on Euler's wonderful work on prime numbers: The sum of the series of reciprocals of prime numbers $\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{5}+...$ is infinitely large, and is infinitely ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

Terminology for sequences/functions that approach each other

What do I call two sequences $a, b$ such that $\lim_{n\to\infty} |a_n - b_n| = 0$? Or what do I call two functions $f, g$ such that $\lim_{x\to c} |f(x) - g(x)| = 0$? (For my purposes, these are ...
4
votes
2answers
310 views

How to estimate of $\prod_{k=a}^N \frac{1}{e^{k\kappa}-1}$ for large $N$?

I have to estimate the expression $\prod_{k=a}^N \frac{1}{e^{k\kappa}-1}$ for $\kappa$ very small $\kappa \sim 10^{-19}$ and $N$ very large $N\sim 10^{26}$ and $a$ arbitrary $a=1, \ldots, N$. I do not ...