The sequences-and-series tag has no wiki summary.

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### convergence interval of an infinite series without the general term [on hold]

I am trying to find the convergence of an infinite series of which I do not have the nth term. Instead of applying the ratio test for the nth term, I divided the first two terms, then the next two and ...

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65 views

### Calculating of the sum $\sum_{i=1}^{n} \large{\frac{i}{i+1}}$? [on hold]

How can i calculate the sum $\sum_{i=1}^{n} \large{\frac{i}{i+1}}$?

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45 views

### Alternating series sum [closed]

How to find such alternating series sum?
\begin{equation}
\sum_{n = 0}^\infty \frac {(-1)^{n-1}}{3^{n-1}}
\end{equation}

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109 views

### a question on sum of Gaussian binomial coefficients

I was trying to calculate something and at some point I get the following sum:
\begin{equation}
\sum_{t=0,t \text{ even}}^{s}{s+3n \brack s-t}\sum_{i = 0}^{t/2}q^{2i^2}{t/2+2n-i \brack t/2-i}{n ...

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39 views

### Precalculus Help? [closed]

The lengths of the sides in a right triangle form three consecutive terms of a geometric sequence. Find the common ratio of the sequence. (There are two distinct answers. Enter your answers as a ...

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**2**answers

126 views

### Proof of equidistribution theorem for exponential coefficients

Can anyone provide a proof of the equidistribution theorem using Weyl's criterion for the case of $c*a \,\,\, \text{(mod 1)}$ where $c=2^n: \,\,\, \forall n \in N_0$ for irrational algebraic $a$? The ...

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**1**answer

66 views

### Pointwise (in time) convergence in $H^{-1}$ implies pointwise weak convergence in $L^q$, why?

Let $u_n \to u$ in $C^0([0,T];H^{-1}(\Omega))$ and suppose $\lVert u_n \rVert_{L^\infty(0,T;L^\infty(\Omega))} \leq C$ for all $n$.
It follows that for almost all $t$, $u_n(t)$ is bounded in ...

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**1**answer

361 views

### A sum by Ramanujan for $\coth^{2}(5\pi)$

Ramanujan mentions in one of his letters to Hardy that $$\frac{1^{5}}{e^{2\pi} - 1}\cdot\frac{1}{2500 + 1^{4}} + \frac{2^{5}}{e^{4\pi} - 1}\cdot\frac{1}{2500 + 2^{4}} + \cdots = ...

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151 views

### closed form expression for an infinite series

Is there any closed form expression for the infinite sum $\sum_{n \geq 0}q^{n(n+1)/2}(1+q)(1+q^2)\cdots(1+q^n)u^n$ where both $q$ and $n$ are variables and $n \in N \cup {0}$?

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140 views

### a question about Tsirelson's space

NOTE: I asked this question over at math.stackexchange.com but got no answer or comments after 3 days, probably because it's a bit specialized. Hopefully it is interesting enough to ask over here.
...

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**1**answer

236 views

### Cantor set intersecting a geometric sequence

I was working on a problem involving finding all points in the intersection of the Cantor set $C$ and the geometric sequence $\{ (2/3)^i \}_{i=1}^\infty$. The only points I have in this intersection ...

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**1**answer

153 views

### A general question on nonnegative integer sequence [closed]

Let $A=\{x\ |\ x\in\mathbb Z_{\ge 0},\ x\ $ with some conditions$\ \}$.
Let $B=\mathbb Z_{\ge 0}-A$.
Define $\ 2A= \{a+b : a \in A,\ b \in A\}$.
Define $\ 2B=\{a+b : a \in B,\ b \in B\}$.
Then the set ...

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45 views

### Convergence and summation of power towers or Ackermann functions

I deleted this at StackExchange as it seems advanced or not very relevant for there and I want to ask here.
Let z be a complex number, $Im(z)\neq 0$ or $Re(z)<4$, m be a natural number, let ...

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**1**answer

50 views

### Expression for infinite sum of two Bessel functions and a power

I'm searching for an expression of the following sum (all indices are integers and all variables are positive real numbers):
$$\sum_{\lambda=-\infty}^{+\infty} A^{|l-\lambda|} B^{|\lambda|} ...

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**1**answer

101 views

### How to classify the complex function with same natural boundary in complex plane? [closed]

There are complex functions with the same natural boundaries in the complex plane, but,they are different from each other. For example, there are lots of different lacunary power series with ...

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278 views

### If two functions are equal to their Newton series, is their composition also equal to its Newton series?

Suppose we have two real-valued functions $f(x)$ and $g(x)$, both equal to their Newton series expansion:
$$f(x) = \sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{x}k \Delta^k f\left (0\right)$$
$$g(x) = \sum_{k=0}^\infty ...

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**4**answers

393 views

### Computing $\int_0^T e^{itA}Be^{-itA} dt$ without an infinite series

I'm hoping to compute the following integral: $\int_0^T e^{itA}Be^{-itA} dt$ where $iA, iB$ are traceless anti-Hermitian matrices (i.e. $\mathfrak{su}(n)$). I have found the following form for the ...

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206 views

### On the sum of consecutive primes and product of first and last

Lets consider the sequence of consecutive prime numbers $p_1=2 , p_2=3 ,p_4=5 , \cdots$
. $(p_n,p_{j})$ is to be called good prime pair if $$\sum_{i =n }^{j}p_i= p_n p_{j}$$
Meaning the sum of set of ...

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89 views

### On the comparison of Egyptian fractions of two kinds

I posted the question on MSE here but it did not get any answer.
Consider $$S(n)=\left\{(a_1 ,a_2,a_3, \dots, a_n)\mid a_1\le a_2\le\cdots\le a_n, \; \sum_{r=1}^{n}\frac{1}{a_r} = 1\right\} \subset ...

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386 views

### About a failed conjecture on $d(N)$

This was post by me on Maths SE: but it did not get any solution
Some months ago I made the following conjecture -
Let $d(n)$ denote the number of divisors of $n $.
Then let $N$ be a number such ...

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**1**answer

274 views

### A question on null sequences

Is it true that a sequence of real numbers $\{a_n\}$ converges to zero if and only if the sequences $\{\sin^2(nh)a_n\}$ $(h \in \mathbb{R})$ all converge to zero?
In case the answer is ...

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349 views

### Are all counterexamples of OEIS A226181 both Poulet numbers and Proth numbers?

OEIS A226181:
3, 5, 7, 11, 13, 17, 19, 23, 29, 37, 41, 47, 53, 59, 61, 67, 71, 73, 79,
83, 89, 97, 101, 103, 107, 113, 131, 137, 139, 149, 163, ...
Primes $p$ ...

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**1**answer

253 views

### Cesaro(?)/Euler(?) - summation of the $s(p)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty (-1)^{H(k)} (1+k)^p$ for $p=1,2,3,…$ (where $H(k)$ is the Hamming-weight)

In another thread (in MO) there was a question about a series where the signs at the terms alternate with the "Hamming-weight", that means according to the number of bits in the binary representation ...

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**3**answers

280 views

### Sum of series $a^{i^2}$

Is there any closed form known for the expression $\sum_{i=1}^\infty a^{i^2}$ where $|a|<1$? Thanks!

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**1**answer

311 views

### Is a certain sumset derived from primes of a certain form the set of all naturals?

OEIS A167055 Numbers n such that $12n + 5$ is prime.
$0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, 16, 19, 21,...$ are items of OEIS $A167055$.
I conjecture that the set of the sum of every two items of this ...

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235 views

### What is known about $\displaystyle \sum_k{a^{b^k}}$?

What is known about $\displaystyle \sum_k{a^{b^k}}$? I am very interested in the possible applications of this series.
I have asked about this on Mathematics Stack Exchange here.
I'm wondering if ...

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334 views

### Shortest supersequence of all permutations of $n$ elements

Given an alphabet with $n$ characters, what is the shortest sequence that contains all $n!$ permutations as subsequences?
A subsequence can be obtained from a sequence by deleting any characters, ...

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**1**answer

229 views

### Can the Fourier series of a continuous function diverge on an uncountable set of measure zero?

I know that there exist continuous function $f: [0,2\pi]\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ whose Fourier series diverges at all rational points of $[0,2\pi]$(c.f. Katznelson).We also know that the set of ...

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108 views

### Reference for a General Theory of Sequences?

Since decades, mathematicians are studying function spaces, discovering new structures more and more adapted for a general theory of functional analysis.
In that works, sequence spaces are generally ...

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**1**answer

79 views

### A limit of a sum related to integer lattice and power series

I have the following lemma that I would like to find a source to cite for. Let $L$ be a subset of $\mathbb Z^d_{>0}$. I would like to claim that the limit
$$\lim_{z \to (1,\ldots,1)^-} (\sum_{v ...

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138 views

### Ramanujan's series for $(1/\pi)$ and modular equation of degree $29$

In his famous paper "Modular Equations and Approximations to $\pi$", Ramanujan gives the following famous series for $1/\pi$: $$\frac{1}{2\pi\sqrt{2}} = \frac{1103}{99^{2}} +
...

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87 views

### Hypergeometric sum specific value

How to show?
$${}_2F_1(1,1;\frac{1}{2}, \frac{1}{2}) = 2 + \frac{\pi}{2} $$
It numerically is very close, came up when evaluating:
$$ \frac{1}{1} + \frac{1 \times 2}{1 \times 3} + \frac{1 \times 2 ...

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297 views

### How to prove $\mathop {\lim }\limits_{x \to \infty } \sum\limits_{{f_x}(p) = 1} {\frac{1}{p}} = \ln 2$ for $p \le x$?

Let ${f_x}(m) = \sum\limits_{\left. p \right|m} {{f_x}(p)}$ be a
strongly additive function on positive integer number $m$, where $p$ is a prime number. Set
$${f_x}(p) = \left\{ ...

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16 views

### Show that uniform continuity implies stochastic equicontinuity

Let $\Theta$ be a metric space and assume it is compact. Let $W_t: \Omega \rightarrow \mathbb{R}^k$ be a random variable for $t\leq T$. Let $m(.,\theta): \mathbb{R}^k\rightarrow\mathbb{R}^s$. Let ...

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191 views

### Question on Morse inequalities

I want to understand why: From K.C Chang's book "Infinite Dimensional
Morse Theory and Multiple Solution Problems":
if i have
then $(4.1)$ is formal : it means that
EDIT1: $(4.1)$ tel us that ...

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**1**answer

549 views

### Ramanujan's pi formulas with a twist

Given the binomial function $\binom{n}{k}$, define the following sequences,
$$\begin{aligned}
u_1(k) &= \tbinom{2k}{k}\tbinom{3k}{k}\tbinom{6k}{3k} = 1, 120, 83160, 81681600,\dots \\
u_2(k) ...

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209 views

### Looking for a limit related to the series in a previous post

Can any one show that the following limit?
$$
\lim_{z\rightarrow \infty} \sqrt{z} \: e^{-z}\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{z^k}{k! \sqrt{k}} \quad \stackrel{?}{=} \quad\sqrt{2}-1.
$$
If one uses the ...

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326 views

### How to integrate an exponential function of an exponential function?

Does any one know how to calculate the following integration?
$$
\int_{\mathbb{R}} \left(\exp(z \: e^{-y^2})-1\right)^2 dy=?,\quad z>0.
$$
This post is related to my previous question here , ...

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2k views

### Where in mathematics do these polynomials appear?

Does anyone recognize the following sequence of polynomials?
$f_0(x) = x-1$
$f_1(x) = x^2-x$
$f_2(x) = x^4-2x^2+x$
$f_3(x) = x^8-3x^4+3x^2-x$
$f_4(x) = x^{16}-4x^8+6x^4-4x^2+x$
$\vdots$
The ...

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**1**answer

242 views

### Does anyone recognize this generating function [closed]

$a_1=1, a_2=1, a_3=3, a_4=15, a_5=105$
Reccurence formula is
$a_{k+1}=\sum\limits_{\lambda_1+\lambda_2+\ldots+\lambda_s=k,\ \lambda_i\geq1} a_{\lambda_1}a_{\lambda_2}...a_{\lambda_s}{k \choose ...

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806 views

### Has anyone seen this series?

I come across the following infinite series.
$$
\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{t^n}{n!\: n^{a}}, \quad\text{for $t>0$ and $a>0$}.
$$
In particular, I am interested in the case where $a=1/4$.
...

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100 views

### Passing to the limit in a PDE (subsequence problems)

For $w \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$, consider the PDE
$$\int u'(t)v(t) + \int g(w(t))\nabla u(t) \nabla v(t) = \int f(t) v(t)\quad \forall v \in L^2(0,T;H^1)$$
where $u \in H^1(0,T;L^2)\cap L^2(0,T;H^1)$, and ...

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**1**answer

77 views

### Monotonic sequence (edited) [closed]

For any two n-dim vector $v$ and $v'$ define $v\leq v'$ iff for each $1\leq i\leq n$, $v_i\leq v_i'$.
Suppose further that the entry of vectors can only take values from $m$ distinct values $\{a_1, ...

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93 views

### “Shifted” Vandermonde determinant is nonzero?

I have already posted this question at MSE here, but as it received a few upvotes, but no comments or answers I choose to cross-post it here.
Let $P$ be a degree-two polynomial, with roots ...

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**1**answer

91 views

### Find a sequence with uniform frequencies and recurrent property

Given any 4 positive numbers $p_{00}\,,p_{01}=p_{10}\,,p_{11}$,such that the sum of the 4 numbers is 1, now I want to find a sequence in $\{0\,,1\}^\mathbb{N}$
such that this sequence has uniform ...

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**3**answers

321 views

### Does this 'alternating' Euler product converge for all $\Re(s) > 0$?

Does the following 'alternating' Euler product, with $p_n$ the $n$-th prime number, converge for $\Re(s)>0$ ?
$$\displaystyle \prod_{n=1}^\infty \left( \dfrac{1}{1-\frac{1}{p_{n}^{s}}} ...

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**1**answer

185 views

### Collatz dropping times aperiodicity

Let $a(n)$ for $n \geq 1$ be the number of powers of two $2^m$ that lie between $3^{n-1}$ and $3^{n}$:
$$a(n) = 1, 2, 1, 2, 1, 2, 2, 1, ...$$
It represents the increments between successive terms of ...

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157 views

### Irrationality of the sum of the reciprocal of perfect powers

A couple of days ago I was trying to remember a classical exercise (which I now find out goes by the name of Goldbach-Euler theorem). Eventually I figured out that it asked to prove that ...

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36 views

### Supersets of P-finite sequences and rings

P-finite sequences are a superset of C-finite sequences. While doing programming work, the question came up what generalizations or supersets of P-finite sequences have people described. In other ...

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105 views

### Prove that when converge, the following expansions are equal

Prove $f_1(x)=f_2(x)=f_3(x)$ when converge.
$$f_1(x)=\sum_{m=0}^{\infty} \binom {x}m \sum_{k=0}^m\binom mk(-1)^{m-k}f(k)$$
$$f_2(x)=\lim_{n\to\infty}\binom xn\sum_{k=0}^n\frac{x-n}{x-k}\binom ...