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88 views

Contraction semigroup

Let $(X, \mu)$ be a finite measure space and let $A$ be a non-negative self-adjoint operator which generates a contraction semigroup $e^{tA}$ on $L^2(X, \mu)$. If additionally, we have that $e^{tA}$ ...
4
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1answer
137 views

Sets of natural numbers such that sums of a bounded number of its elements form a semigroup

This is a naive question and I'm afraid it might be better placed on math.se. I would like to leave it to your judgement. I would like to know what is known about sets $A$ of natural numbers such ...
3
votes
1answer
460 views

Coin problem with permutations

Let $a,b,c$ be positive integers with gcd$(a,b,c)=1$, and let $\mathbb{N}$ denote the set of nonnegative integers. It is well known that $\mathbb{N} \setminus (a \mathbb{N}+b \mathbb{N} + c ...
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30 views

How would an operator from a semigroup, act on a fixed element in Banach algebra?

Let $X$ be a Banach lattice algebra endowed with an ordering $\leq$. $T=\{T(t)\}_{t\geq 0}$ be the positive semigroup defined on $X$. $F: X_+\rightarrow X$ is a continuous mapping such that ...
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0answers
36 views

Goldie's Theorem for Semigroups

Goldie's theorem is a theorem in noncommutative ring theory that gives a clear picture of semiprime Noetherian rings (actually a slightly broader class). Let $R$ be a semiprime Noetherian ring. The ...
3
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1answer
812 views

Who coined “mob” and “clan” and why these words?

A mob is a word used for a topological semigroup which is a Hausdorff space. A clan is a compact connected mob with a two-sided identity element. Who used these words with these meanings first and ...
3
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0answers
83 views

Certain conditions on cancellative semigroups

This is extracted from this question following Benjamin Steinberg's suggestion. For a semigroup $S,$ let $P(S)$ denote the power semigroup of $S,$ which is made up of all non-empty subsets of $S$ ...
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0answers
178 views

Estimating the kernel of Poisson semigroup $e^{-z\sqrt{-\Delta}}$ for complex $z$

Let $f(z,a)$ be an analytic function on $C^+=\{\Re z>0\}$ for each fixed $a>0$, and we have the following (weaker) estimates $$ |f(re^{i\theta},a)|\leq C (r\cos\theta)^{-n}, ...
4
votes
1answer
220 views

Cancellable elements of a power semigroup

For a semigroup $S,$ its power semigroup $P(S)$ is the semigroup of all non-empty subsets of $S$ with the operation given by $AB=\{ab\,|\,a\in A,b\in B\}.$ I would like to know about the cancellable ...
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3answers
912 views

Non-abelian Grothendieck group

By general nonsense the forgetful functor from groups to monoids has a left adjoint. It maps a monoid $(X,\cdot,1)$ to the free group on $\{\underline{x} : x \in X\}$ modulo the relations ...
3
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0answers
110 views

On the computational complexity of the Hilbert polynomial of numerical semigroup rings

Let $(R, \mathfrak{m}) = k[[X^a, X^b, X^c]]$, $a<b<c$, $gcd(a, b, c) = 1$, be a semigroup ring. We have $R$ is a Cohen-Macaulay local ring of dimension one. It is well known that ...
5
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2answers
259 views

Proving that a semigroup is regular

In a number of diverse situations of interest to me (mostly associated with something called the abelian sandpile model), one can define a nonabelian semigroup generated by commuting elements ...
1
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1answer
82 views

Non-idempotent ultrafilters in the Stone-Cech compactification

Supposing that $\Gamma$ is an infinite, discrete group and that $\beta\Gamma$ is the Stone-Cech compactification of $\Gamma$, the group structure of $\Gamma$ can be extended to a semigroup structure ...
3
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0answers
76 views

dual composition of binary relations

I'm not sure if this is of any interest at all, but I spent some time looking at it a couple of years ago so I'd like to ask for input on this. Given two binary relations $\rho,\,\sigma$ on a set ...
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0answers
67 views

Lower periodic subsets of groups and semigroups

Suppose that $A$ and $B$ are subsets of a group or semigroup. We call $A$ left upper [resp. lower] $B$-periodic if $BA\subseteq A$ [resp. $A\subseteq BA$]. If $A$ is both left upper and lower ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Cosets of the fixer of an action of a monoid on a finite set

Let $M$ be a monoid that acts transitively from the right on a finite set $X$. Assume furthermore that the action of $M$ on $X$ induces for every $m \in M$ a bijection on $X \to X, x \mapsto x.m$. Let ...
3
votes
1answer
252 views

submonoid of a matrix monoid with a common eigenvector

Hello, I am considering two real invertible $3\times 3$ matrices $A$ and $B$ and a nonzero vector $v\in\mathbb{R}^3$ and i am wondering if the submonoid $E$ of the monoid $(A,B)$ genererated by $A$ ...
3
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0answers
84 views

Pseudovarieties of monoids

All (pseudo)varieties considered here are (pseudo)varieties of monoids. It is known that any (finite or infinite) monoid that satisfies the identities \begin{equation} xhxyty = xhyxty, \quad ...
3
votes
1answer
91 views

$C_0$ semigroups on parameterized Banach spaces or moving domains

Is there any literature corresponding to one or two-parameter semigroups such that eg. $T(t) \in \mathcal{L}(X(t))$ or $T(s,t) \in \mathcal{L}(X(t),X(s))$ for parameterized Banach spaces $X(t)$??? I ...
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0answers
212 views

Computing the pro-solvable closure of a finitely generated subgroup of a free group

The pro-solvable topology on a group $G$ is the unique group topology such that the set of normal subgroups $N\lhd G$ with $G/N$ a finite solvable group is a fundamental system of neighborhoods of the ...
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2answers
145 views

a question about semigroups

Let $S$ be a semigroup and $I,J$ be two ideals of $S$. For a semilattice we know that $IJ=I\cap J$. Now the question is there a semigroup with the property $IJ=I\cap J$. thanks for your attention
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0answers
69 views

Semigroups on Banach Lattice

Let $\{Z(t)\}_{t\geq 0}$ be a semigroup of positive operators on a Banach lattice $X$. I want to show that $$\int_0^1[Z(1-s)+Z(1+s)]fds-f\in X_+,\quad f\in X_+$$ Where $X_+$ denotes the positive ...
3
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1answer
180 views

Cancellative semigroup on a distributive lattice

Let $(S,\le)$ be a distributive lattice. Is there a semigroup structure on $S$ such that $S$ is cancellative and always $(x\wedge y)(x\vee y)=xy$?
5
votes
3answers
210 views

Locally finite varieties which are not finitely generated

Let $\Sigma$ be a signature consisting of operations with finite arity. Let $\mathcal{V}$ be a variety of algebras for this signature. Further suppose that $\mathcal{V}$ is locally finite i.e. every ...
4
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2answers
174 views

What's the current state of one-rule semi-Thue system termination problem?

What's the current state of one-rule semi-Thue system termination problem? Search produces a lot of references, but it's hard to find out if decidability of this problem has been proven or not.
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0answers
149 views

Standard name for a Monoid/Semigroup with $a+b \leq a, b$?

I have seen suplattice and inflattice being used when dealing with a lattice. What about when you don't have a lattice? For instance, for reals $a,b > 0$, define $$a \oplus b = ...
5
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3answers
629 views

Reference on Semigroup Theory and Parabolics PDE'S

Recently started to study Semigroup Theory. My background is equivalent to the first three chapters of the Jack Hale's book, Asymptotic Behavior of Dissipative Systems. Looking for a reference to an ...
4
votes
2answers
239 views

Lecture notes on semi group theory for linear evolution equations

I am reading (or trying to read :)) One parameter semigroups for Linear Evolution equations by Klaus-Jochen Engel and Rainer Nagel. I was wondering if someone was aware of a good set of lecture notes ...
7
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3answers
363 views

Haar Measure on Locally Compact Semigroups

I'm reading on Haar measure and we know that every locally compact group admits a Haar measure, is the same true for semigroups? if not, is there a class of semigroups that admits a Haar measure? ...
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3answers
415 views

Is there a general notion of semigroup action?

The analogous result to Cayley’s theorem or Yoneda lemma in semigroup theory represents semigroups as semigroups of functions from a set to itself. This suggests that a semigroup action consists of a ...
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0answers
109 views

Non-finitely based varieties and pseudovarieties

The variety of semigroups defined by $B=\Big\{(x^py^p)^2=(y^px^p)^2:p \text{ is prime}\Big\}$ is non-finitely based (Isbell, 1970). Is the pseudovariety defined by $B$ also non-finitely based? More ...
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1answer
240 views

A property of groups of operators

Let $X$ be a Banach space. We consider the evolution equation: $$x'(t)=Ax(t), \ \ \ \ \ \ \ t\in \mathbb{R},$$ where $A$ is a bounded operator. I know that if $X=\mathbb{R^n}$ and $A$ is a matrix, ...
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2answers
101 views

Using group presentation for its corresponding semigroup?

Somewhere Colin M. Campbell noted: If $A$ is a semigroup defined as $$A=Sg(\pi)=\langle a_1,\cdots, a_d\mid u_1=v_1,\cdots,u_e=v_e\rangle $$ then the same generators with the same relations can ...
4
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1answer
177 views

Is the monoid of taking iterated images and inverse images freely generated by the image and inverse image operation?

Let $\mathcal{F}$ denote the class of all functions. Let $U,L:\mathcal{F}\rightarrow\mathcal{F}$ denote the mappings where if $f:X\rightarrow Y$, then $U(f):P(X)\rightarrow P(Y),L(f):P(Y)\rightarrow ...
3
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0answers
129 views

Number of k-generated semigroups

Given some $k>1$, I am interested in the number of $k$-generated semigroups of order $n$ (either up to isomorphism or all associative binary operations on an n-element set). At first I thought ...
3
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0answers
125 views

Orbit-Stabilizer theorem for continuous groups

The orbit-stabilizer relationship (also known as the orbit-stabilizer theorem) is very clear for finite groups. Is there an equivalent relation for continuous groups? Also, is there a similar notion ...
2
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0answers
80 views

Semidirect products of semigroups [closed]

Let $S,T$ be two semigroups. A function $f:S\to T$ is called multiplicative if for any $x,y\in S$ we have $f(xy)=f(x)f(y)$. If $T=S$ then $f:S\to S$ is called automorphism on $S$. A function ...
5
votes
1answer
382 views

Are semigroups with finite-to-one right multiplication “moving”?

A semigroup $S$ is moving if $S$ is infinite, and for all finite $F\subseteq S$ and infinite $A\subseteq S$, there are $a_{1},\dots,a_{k}\in A$ such that, for all but finitely many $s\in S$, $$ ...
5
votes
1answer
123 views

A question about uniformly bounded semigroups

Let $A$ be an unbounded linear operator of domain $D(A)$ defined on a Banach space $X$. Suppose that $A$ generates a $C_0$-semigroup $T(t)$ which is uniformly bounded. I would like to know if there ...
7
votes
1answer
327 views

About the convergence rate for an approximation to the heat kernel

Let $G(t,x)$ be the heat kernel $$ G(t,x)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi t}}e^{-\frac{x^2}{2t}}, \quad t>0, \:x\in\mathbb{R}. $$ Here is one approximation to $G(t,x)$: $$ G_\epsilon(t,x)=e^{-t/\epsilon} ...
3
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1answer
123 views

Integral representation of the resolvent of a semigroup

Let $T(t)$ be a $C_{0}$-semigroup with the generator $A$. Now, does the so called integral representation of the resolvent $$ (\lambda - A)^{-1} = \int_{0}^{\infty} e^{-t\lambda}T(t) dt $$ hold for ...
4
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2answers
164 views

Embedding a linearly ordered free monoid into a linearly ordered group

A linearly ordered (shortly, l.o.) monoid is a triple $\mathbb M = (M, \cdot, \le)$ for which $(M, \cdot)$ is a (multiplicatively written) monoid and $\le$ is a total order on $M$ such that $xy < ...
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1answer
90 views

Variety of commutative semi group [closed]

V is a variety of commutative semi group satisfying the identity $x^2 = x^3$. I need to prove that: $|F_V(\{x_1\dots,x_n\})|$ = $3^n -1$. Any hints on this ? $F_V$ is V-free algebra.
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2answers
382 views

Is the class of inverse semigroups globally determined?

This question is a follow-up to this one I asked on math.stackexchange. I've decided to ask here because I believe this is a research-level question. I'm sorry if I'm wrong -- I'm not a researcher ...
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1answer
284 views

I need following books (soft copies) [closed]

I know this is not the place to ask for such help, but I cant find these books in my country and not even on line and the shipping is very expensive. If someone out there have any of these books (soft ...
4
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0answers
139 views

Correspondence between numerical semigroups and polynomials?

A numerical semigroup $A$ is defined as a subsemigroup of the semigroup $(\mathbb{N},+)$ of the positive integers such that the set $\mathbb{N}\setminus A$ is finite. Equivalently (for a subsemigroup) ...
3
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0answers
143 views

What is the combinatorial data classifying non-normal affine toric varieties?

Recall that a toric variety is a variety $V$ containing an open dense algebraic torus. Here an algebraic torus means a finite product of copies of the multiplicative group of the ground field (which I ...
3
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2answers
176 views

Examples of cancellative normal semigroups

I've got a couple of things to test against normality in cancellative semigroups. A normal semigroup $S$ is one in which for any $x\in S$ we have $xS=Sx.$ This implies the Ore condition $$x,y\in ...
2
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1answer
135 views

Terminology for the equation $a=a+b$ in commutative semigroups

Let $(S,+)$ be a commutative semigroup. For $a,b\in S$ consider the equation $a=a+b$. Does such a relation between the given $a$ and $b$ have a name? I am currently using such equations quite often ...
3
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2answers
434 views

subsets of $\mathbb{R}^+$ closed under addition

No one's answered this question so here's a simpler question: Has anyone described or catalogued all sets of non-negative real numbers that are closed under addition? In particular, how about those ...