The semigroups tag has no wiki summary.

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### an example of a semigroup with solvable word problem but unsolvable power problem

We say that a semigroup $S$ has solvable power problem if there is an algorithm that takes as input an element $s \in S$ and decides whether or not there exist $m,n \in \mathbb{N}$ with $m \neq n$ and ...

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### Percolation in Cayley graphs of semigroups.

Percolation in Cayley graphs of groups are studied by many researchers. There are also the concept Cayley graphs for semigroups. Are there any research about percolation in Cayley graphs for ...

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**1**answer

127 views

### Small set of acts over a countable monoid?

Given a countable monoid $S$, is the set of all (isomorphic representatives of) $S$-acts a small set?

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**1**answer

119 views

### undecidability in the dynamics of functions $f: \Sigma^* \rightarrow \Sigma^*$

Does anyone know any undecidable problems in the dynamics of functions (not necessarily monoid homomorphisms or anything) from \Sigma^* to \Sigma^* where \Sigma is a finite set? In particular, I'm ...

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### Why semigroups could be important?

There is known a lot about the use of groups -- they just really appear a lot, and appear naturally. Is there any known nice use of semigroups in Maths to sort of prove they are indeed important in ...

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280 views

### need references regarding the elementary theory of free semigroup and free abelian groups

Recently, I read that two free abelian groups $S$ and $T$ have the same elementary theory if and only if rank$S$=rank$T$. Does anyone have a reference with a proof of this? Also, what is known about ...

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251 views

### semigroups acting as continuous functions on regular rooted trees

Let $T$ be a regular rooted tree. Make $T$ into a metric space by making each edge isometric to the unit interval. What is known about what semigroups can act as continuous functions on $T$ such ...

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**3**answers

463 views

### The concept “conjugate class” in monoids.

Is there any concept in monoids that is similar to the concept "conjugate class" in groups? For example, are there any such similar concept in symmetric inverse monoids? Thank you very much.

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245 views

### A Nomenclature Issue : Imprimitive Semigroup?

The following question was asked by me on the forum sci.math.research,
“An imprimitive group is a transitive permutation group with a non-trivial
equivalence relation compatible with the action of ...

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**2**answers

348 views

### examples of finitely generated semigroups that are not residually finite

Does anybody know of any finitely generated semigroups that are not residually finite and whose group of units (if there is an identity) is trivial? Basically, I'm looking for finitely generated ...

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**1**answer

364 views

### Transitive Semigroups of $2\times 2$ matrices

Suppose $G$ is a semigroup (i.e., closed under matrix multiplication) of invertible $2\times 2$ real matrices. Suppose also that $G$ is transitive i.e., for any two non-zero vectors $u$ and $v$ there ...

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284 views

### Is this a pre-ordered commutative semigroup?

Motivation
I'm studying an approach to axiomatic thermodynamics based on the notion of commutative semigroup $(S,+)$ with a preorder relation $\to$ on $S$. In other words, $S$ is non-empty set, the ...

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247 views

### reference for weak*-semigroup

Let $X$ a dual Bancah space (there exists a Banach space $Y$ such that $X=Y'$).
A weak* semigroup on $X$ is a semigroup $(T_t)_{\geq 0}$ on $X$ such that, for all $x\in X$, we have ...

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340 views

### Membership problem in monoids

What is the simplest example of a monoid with undecidable membership problem? In other words, I'm looking for a concrete monoid $S$ such that there is no algorithm which takes elements $s_1,...,s_n$ ...

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232 views

### what conditions can one place on a finitely generated periodic semigroup that will ensure the semigroup is finite?

I am not familiar with much semigroup theory, but this question came up in my research and I've been unable to find much on it.

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**1**answer

311 views

### Residual finiteness of groups versus residual finiteness of semigroups

A group $G$ is residually finite if, for any two elements $g$ and $g^\prime$ in $G$, there is a finite group $G^\prime$ and a (group) homomorphism $f: G \rightarrow G^\prime$ such that $f(g)$ doesn't ...

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315 views

### Representations of products of groups (and monoids)

I have very little knowledge of representation theory, but the following has come up in my summer undergrad research project (relates to conformal field theory and geometric function theory).
Suppose ...

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293 views

### What is the relation between the number syntactic congruence classes, and the number of Nerode relation classes?

For a monoid $M$ and a subset $S$ of $M$, define the syntactic congruence $\equiv_S$ of $S$ as the least congruence on $M$ that saturates $S$, i.e. :
$$u \equiv_S v \Leftrightarrow (\forall x, y)[xuy ...

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**1**answer

227 views

### Vocabulary on monoid periodicity

I'm learning about periodic languages, and I'm confused over the vocabulary used to describe the periodicity of (syntactic) monoids.
If I understand correctly, a monoid M is periodic if :
$$(\forall ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Do these conditions on a semigroup define a group?

As is well known, if $S$ is a semigroup in which the equations $a=bx$ and $a=yb$ have solutions for all $a$ and $b$, then $S$ is a group. This question arose when someone misunderstood the conditions ...

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### small extensions of the free semigroup of rank 1

Let N denote the free semigroup of rank 1. Say that a semigroup T is a small extension
of N if N embeds in T and |T - N| is finite. Is there some kind of classification
of small extensions of N? ...

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**1**answer

164 views

### Is the semigroup M(n, Z) finitely presented? If so, where can I find a presentation of it?

I am new to semigroup research, so I apologize if this is an easy question.

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329 views

### Relations in matrix semigroups

Suppose that $A_1, \dots, A_k \in M_n(\mathbb{Q})$ and $S$ is the semigroup generated by them. Two questions: are there always a finite set of relations $\{R_i\}$ among the $A_j$ such that $S$ is ...

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### Wants: Polynomial Time Algorithm for Decomposing a Multiset of Rationals into Two Additive Subsets.

First, allow me to say that this problem was posed to me by a professor in the department. It is related to his research in a way that I do not know. However, since I couldn't come up with anything ...

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### Normality of an affine semigroup

An affine monoid is a finitely generated commutative submonoid of $\mathbb Z^k$ for some positive integer k. Let S be an affine monoid and let G(S) be the group generated by S. We say the monoid S is ...

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314 views

### Representations of finite commutative band semigroups

I think it's clear that commutative semigroups S that are also bands, i.e. $e^2 = e$ for all e, correspond to finite posets (consider the elements of the semigroups as sets, where the intersection of ...

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### References/literature for pushouts in category of commutative monoids? [ed. - amalgams]

This is more of a request for pointers to relevant literature than a question per se. I am, erm, looking at a paper which uses a kind of iterated pushout construction to obtain a commutative monoid ...

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779 views

### Examples of left reversible semigroups

I am looking for concrete examples of cancellative, left reversible semigroups. Left reversible semigroups are also called "Ore semigroups". See this wikipedia page for the definition of a left ...

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### One-parameter semigroups of bimodules

Suppose M is a von Neumann algebra.
Consider a monoidal category of bimodules over M.
Here a bimodule is a Hilbert space with two normal representations of M.
The monoidal structure is given by ...