# Tagged Questions

A semigroup is a set $S$ together with a binary operation that is associative. Examples of semigroups are the set of finite strings over a fixed alphabet (under concatenation) and the positive integers (under addition, maximum, or minimum). Of course, any monoid or group is also a semigroup.

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### Haar Measure on Locally Compact Semigroups

I'm reading on Haar measure and we know that every locally compact group admits a Haar measure, is the same true for semigroups? if not, is there a class of semigroups that admits a Haar measure? ...
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### Is there a general notion of semigroup action?

The analogous result to Cayley’s theorem or Yoneda lemma in semigroup theory represents semigroups as semigroups of functions from a set to itself. This suggests that a semigroup action consists of a ...
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### Decomposition results for locally commutative semigroups

Every finite abelian group is the direct product of its cyclic groups of prime order, and every commutative monoid divides a product of its cyclic submonoids. Could these results generalized to ...
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### what is the meaning of the operator $EXP[\frac{ \theta }{2}\frac{\partial^2}{\partial \overrightarrow{v}^2}]$

the name of this operator is one-parameter semigroup for example $EXP[\frac{ \theta }{2}\frac{\partial^2}{\partial \overrightarrow{v}^2}]f$， $f$is the function of $\overrightarrow{v}$ what is ...
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### fraction power of operators in $C_0$ semigroup

Let $X$ be Banach space, and $\{Z(t)\}_{t\geq 0}\subseteq B(X)$ be the $C_0$-Semigroup of operators defined on $X$. Moreover, let $A$ be the infinitesimal generator of $\{Z(t)\}_{t\geq 0}$. A ...
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### series representation for *un*bounded perturbations of semigroup generators

Let $A$ generate an analytic $C_0$-semigroup on a Banach space $X$ and $B$ be a relatively compact perturbation, i.e., $B$ is compact as an operator from $D(A)$ (with the graph norm) to $X$. Then $A+B$...
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### Progress on group languages characterizations

Def. A group language is a recognizable language whose syntactic monoid is a group. q1. Is it known a "nice" combinatorial characterization of group languages ? q1.1. If no, is it well understood ...
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### What is the probability two random maps on n symbols commute?

It is well known that two randomly chosen permutations of $n$ symbols commute with probability $p_n/n!$ where $p_n$ is the number of partitions of $n$. This is a special case of the fact that in a ...
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### Hindman's theorem variant for noncommutative semigroups

The well set proof of Hindman's finite sums theorem applied to noncommutative semigroups yields a sequence of elements such that finite products ordered coherently with this sequence are in one set. ...
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### Idempotents in Green J classes

I recently read this article Syntactic semigroups. In page $8$, he speaks about a J class having an idempotent is called regular: A $\mathcal J$-class containing an idempotent is called regular. ...
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### Generalized free product of semigroups with amalgamated subsemigroups

Hanna Neumann in [American Journal of Mathematics, 1948, http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2372201?uid=2&uid=4&sid=21102497379451 ] introduced a notion of generalized free product of ...
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### Transformation terminology question

Given a transformation $t$ from the transformation semigroup $T_{n}$, if you take powers of $t$ under composition you get a length $s$ stem followed by a cycle. Permutations by definition have a ...
### For a monoid with zero $M$, how many additive operations on $M$ can there be making $M$ a ring?
Let $(M,\times)$ be a monoid with zero. Let $\Sigma(M,\times)$ be the set of binary operations $+$ on $M$ such that $(M,+,\times)$ is a ring. Let $\sim$ be an equivalence relation on $\Sigma(M,\times)$...
It is known that the set of ultrafilters on, say, the natural numbers $\mathbb{N}$, can naturally be endowed with the structure of a compact topological left semigroup (which fails to be anything ...