The semigroups tag has no wiki summary.

**3**

votes

**2**answers

182 views

### Examples of cancellative normal semigroups

I've got a couple of things to test against normality in cancellative semigroups. A normal semigroup $S$ is one in which for any $x\in S$ we have $xS=Sx.$ This implies the Ore condition $$x,y\in ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

48 views

### Decomposition results for locally commutative semigroups

Every finite abelian group is the direct product of its cyclic groups of prime order, and every commutative monoid divides a product of its cyclic submonoids. Could these results generalized to ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

131 views

### On the infinitesimal generator of a 1-dimensional stochastic heat equation: core and explicit form

Denote $E = C([0, 1])$. I am consider a 1-dimentional stochastic heat equation on $h$:
$\partial_tu(t, x) = \partial_x^2u(t, x) - V'(u(t, x)) + \dot{W}(t, x)$, for all $(t, x) \in (0, ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

203 views

### How much information does the multiplicative semigroup of an algebra contain?

How much do we know about an given algebra when we only know its semigroup strucure under the product law?
How far can two algebras be distinguished by knowing only their semigroup strucure?
The ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

201 views

### positive semigroups and convex operator

Let $\{Z(t)\}_{t\geq 0}$ be a strongly continuous positive semigroup on a Banach lattice V. (endowed with ordering $\leq$). $\phi:V\rightarrow V$ is a convex operator. I want to prove that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

96 views

### Maximal sub-inverse semigroups of $M_n(\mathbb{C})$ and $M_n(F_p)$

An inverse semigroup $S$ is a semigroup in which every element $x \in S$ has a unique inverse $y \in S$ such that $x = xyx$ and $y = yxy$. Are there some references characterizing the maximal ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

129 views

### Relation of spectrum

Let $X$ denotes a complex $C^*$-algebra and $\{Z(t)\}_{t\geq 0}$ is a $C_0$-Semigroup of operators on $X$. If for $x\in X$, I have $x=x^*$ (x is selfadjoint), and its spectrum $\sigma(x)\subset ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### what is the meaning of the operator $ EXP[\frac{ \theta }{2}\frac{\partial^2}{\partial \overrightarrow{v}^2}]$

the name of this operator is one-parameter semigroup
for example $ EXP[\frac{ \theta }{2}\frac{\partial^2}{\partial \overrightarrow{v}^2}]f$，
$ f$is the function of $\overrightarrow{v}$
what is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

298 views

### fraction power of operators in $C_0$ semigroup

Let $X$ be Banach space, and $\{Z(t)\}_{t\geq 0}\subseteq B(X)$ be the $C_0$-Semigroup of operators defined on $X$. Moreover, let $A$ be the infinitesimal generator of $\{Z(t)\}_{t\geq 0}$. A ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

273 views

### Proving that a semigroup is regular

In a number of diverse situations of interest to me (mostly associated with something called the abelian sandpile model), one can define a nonabelian semigroup generated by commuting elements ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

442 views

### Automorphisms of $P(\Bbb N)$

I believe I've proved that the power semigroup of non-negative integers with addition has a trivial automorphism group. The proof is a bit long, completely elementary and rather unremarkable (as the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

151 views

### What can we say about a semigroup that's acted on by an ideal of polynomials?

This got no response on MSE, so posting here.
Let $S = \{ (a,b) \in \Bbb{Z}^2 : \gcd(a,b) \neq 1 \} \cup (1,1)$. Then $S$ forms a semigroup. The operation being componentwise multiplication.
Let ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### series representation for *un*bounded perturbations of semigroup generators

Let $A$ generate an analytic $C_0$-semigroup on a Banach space $X$ and $B$ be a relatively compact perturbation, i.e., $B$ is compact as an operator from $D(A)$ (with the graph norm) to $X$. Then ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Progress on group languages characterizations

Def. A group language is a recognizable language whose syntactic monoid is a group.
q1. Is it known a "nice" combinatorial characterization of group languages ?
q1.1. If no, is it well understood ...

**25**

votes

**3**answers

718 views

### What is the probability two random maps on n symbols commute?

It is well known that two randomly chosen permutations of $n$ symbols commute with probability $p_n/n!$ where $p_n$ is the number of partitions of $n$. This is a special case of the fact that in a ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Hindman's theorem variant for noncommutative semigroups

The well set proof of Hindman's finite sums theorem applied to noncommutative semigroups yields a sequence of elements such that finite products ordered coherently with this sequence are in one set. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

151 views

### Idempotents in Green J classes

I recently read this article Syntactic semigroups. In page $8$, he speaks about a J class having an idempotent is called regular:
A $\mathcal J$-class containing an idempotent is called regular. ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

321 views

### Generalized free product of semigroups with amalgamated subsemigroups

Hanna Neumann in
[American Journal of Mathematics, 1948,
http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/2372201?uid=2&uid=4&sid=21102497379451 ]
introduced a notion of generalized free product of ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

253 views

### Strongly continuous semigroups that cannot be contractions

Let $X$ be a Banach space, and $(P_t)_{t \ge 0}$ a strongly continuous semigroup of bounded operators on $X$. Using the uniform boundedness principle, it's simple to prove that there are constants ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

308 views

### Existence of a possible counterexample in automaton semigroups

In an attempt to resolve a question posed by Cain in his paper on Automaton Semigroups (open problem 6.12), I would like to know if there exists a finite semigroup $S$ satisfying the following ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Is there a strongly stable semigroup which is not uniformly bounded

Let $X$ be a Hilbert space and let $(T(t))_{t\geq 0}$ a $C_0$-semigroup on $X$, we recall that:
1- $(T(t))_{t\geq 0}$ is said to be uniformly bounded if there exists $M\geq 0$ such that for all ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

59 views

### Transformation terminology question

Given a transformation $t$ from the transformation semigroup $T_{n}$, if you take powers of $t$ under composition you get a length $s$ stem followed by a cycle. Permutations by definition have a ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

249 views

### For a monoid with zero $M$, how many additive operations on $M$ can there be making $M$ a ring?

Let $(M,\times)$ be a monoid with zero. Let $\Sigma(M,\times)$ be the set of binary operations $+$ on $M$ such that $(M,+,\times)$ is a ring. Let $\sim$ be an equivalence relation on ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

96 views

### How much do idempotent ultrafilters generate in terms of semigroups?

It is known that the set of ultrafilters on, say, the natural numbers $\mathbb{N}$, can naturally be endowed with the structure of a compact topological left semigroup (which fails to be anything ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### What are the semigroups in which congruence classes can be multplied like sets?

For a semigroup $S$ and a congruence $\rho$ on $S$, let's say that $\rho$ is good when for all $a,b\in S$ we have that $[ab]=[a][b],$ where $[x]$ denotes the congruence class of $x$ modulo $\rho$ and ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

177 views

### Cauculation of a conplex integrand. A question from the book PDE by A. Friedman

In the book Partial Diferential Equations by A. Friedman 1969.
Part 2
on page 104, in the proof of theorem 2.1 (d).
A is a operator of type $(\psi,M)$ ($-A$generate a analytic semigroup), and ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

187 views

### Embedding a semigroup into a divisible semigroup

The following is motivated by the fact that I'd like to have a way, much better if canonical, to isometrically embed a normed group into a normed divisible group. But semigroups are a much more ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

276 views

### Projective limit construction of a semigroup

Let $\tilde{\mathbb N}$ be the Abelian semigroup (under addition) given by $\mathbb N\cup\{0,\infty\}$, and let $S_n$ be the Abelian monoid $\tilde{\mathbb N}^{2^n}$ under point-wise addition. ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

85 views

### What is the way to after finding Cohen-Macaulay semigroup as ring of monomial?

http://people.missouristate.edu/lesreid/reu/2007/PPT/robin.ppt
it said missing part inside and not missing part outside is non Cohen-Macaulay semigroup
which determine whether is missing in the ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

435 views

### On the notion of partial semigroup

A partial binary operation on a set $X$ is just a (partial) function $\varphi: X \times X \rightharpoonup X$ (I'm using \rightharpoonup for partial maps), and a partial magma is a pair $\mathbb M = ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

297 views

### How many idempotent relations are there on an $n$-element set?

As far as I know, it is an open problem to give a formula counting transitive relations on an $n$-element set. Is it easier to count the idempotent relations, that is relations that are both ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

554 views

### on the set of numbers generated by integer linear combination of two real numbers.

Let $b > a > 0$ be two real numbers. I am interested in the set of numbers
$X(p,q) = p a + q b$ with $p,q$ positive integers. Basically this is the set $a \mathbb{N} + b \mathbb{N}$.
What ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

330 views

### On exponential formula

Let $T(t),t\geq 0$, be a $C_0$-semigroup on a Banach space $X$. If $A$ is the infinitesimal generator of $T(t),t\geq 0$, then
$$T(t)x=\lim_{n\infty}(I-\frac{t}{n}A)^{-n}x$$
for every $x \in X, t\geq ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

248 views

### Continuity of multiplicative character

Let $G$ be a discrete group and $\beta (G)$ denote the Stone-Cech compactification of $G$, a right topological semigroup. By a multiplicative character, I mean a mapping that preserves multiplication ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### A question of terminology - Unitizations of semigroups

There are at least two standard ways of unitizing a (small) semigroup $\mathbb A$:
(i) We add an identity regardless that $\mathbb A$ is already unital.
(ii) We add an identity only if none is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

**4**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Generator of a $C_0$-semigroup restricted to a subspace

Suppose we have a decreasing filtration of Banach spaces $(E_t)\_{t\geq0}$, inclusions $V_{s+t,t}:E_{s+t}\to E_t$ and projections $P_{t,s+t}:E_t\to E_{s+t}$ such that $P_{t,s+t}V_{s+t,t}=I_{E_{s+t}}$. ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

64 views

### Semiflows and continuous symmetries

Given a differential equation on a Banach space $\mathcal{X}$ of the form $\frac{d u}{d t} = F(u)$, it is often the case that $F$ is equivariant under translations, i.e. that $T_\alpha F(u) = ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

181 views

### Counting modular squares in an interval

For an integer $m$, let $S^m_{x_0,x_1} = \{ t | x_0 ≤ t ≤ x_1 $ and $t$ is a square modulo $m \}$. Let $S^m_x$ = $S^m_{0,x}$.
Determining whether the sets $S^m_x$ are empty is easy (1 is always a ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

291 views

### What are the monoids in which every globally idempotent subsemigroup contains the identity element?

A semigroup is called globally idempotent when for any $x\in S$ there are $y,z\in S$ such that $x=yz$.
Is there a name for monoids whose every globally idempotent subsemigroup contains the identity ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### When does a power semigroup have a zero, and what can the zero be?

Let $S$ be a semigroup. The power semigroup of $S$ is the set $P(S)=2^S\setminus\lbrace\varnothing\rbrace $ with the operation $$AB=\lbrace ab\ |\ a\in A,\ b\in B\rbrace.$$
This operation is ...

**25**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### How many binary operations are associative?

Let $X$ be a finite set of $n$ elements, and consider a binary operation $\odot: X \times X \rightarrow X$. There are $n^{n^2}$ such binary operations, as the $n \times n$ table entries can each
be ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

166 views

### A linearly orderable monoid which does not embed into a linearly orderable group

It is known (after an example of A.I. Mal'cev) that there exist cancellative semigroups which do not embed into a group. On the other hand, it is not difficult to see that every linearly orderable ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

90 views

### Equivalence between Algebraic Semi-group Structures and Coalgebra Structures for an Algebraic Variety?

I was looking at this old question
Hopf algebra and group structure correspondence for algebraic varieties
which says that there exists an equivalence between algebraic group structures on
an ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

183 views

**2**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### On the notion of torsion-freeness in semigroup theory

The following seems to be the "official" notion of torsion-freeness in the context of semigroups:
TF1. A (multiplicatively written) semigroup $\mathfrak A$ is torsion-free if there do not ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

208 views

### Strictly totally ordered semigroups - Looking for references

Let $\mathfrak A = (A, \cdot)$ be a semigroup (written multiplicatively). We say that $\mathfrak A$ is linearly orderable if there exists a total order $\le$ on $A$ such that $ac < bc$ and $ca < ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

349 views

### What do we know about the semigroup $e^{it\sqrt{-\Delta}}$

I'm very interested in the properties of the semigroup $e^{it\sqrt{-\Delta}}$, it may has some fundamental differences(such as the kernel) with the well-known schrodinger semigroup $e^{it\Delta}$.
...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

258 views

### Reference for subsemigroups of $\mathbb{N}^n$

A well known result about the natural numbers $\mathbb{N}$ says that for any finite subset $A \subset \mathbb{N}$ there exists $R \ge 0$ such that if $n$ is in the subgroup of $\mathbb{Z}$ generated ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

219 views

### Embedding Semigroups in Rings

Let $S$ be a finite commutative semigroup with identity. Under what conditions (on the semigroup $S$) it is possible to find a ring $R$ such that the multiplicative structure of $R - \{0\}$ is ...