2
votes
0answers
58 views

Embedding a linearly ordered free monoid into a linearly ordered group

A linearly ordered (shortly, l.o.) monoid is a triple $\mathbb M = (M, \cdot, \le)$ for which $(M, \cdot)$ is a (multiplicatively written) monoid and $\le$ is a total order on $M$ such that $xy < ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Semigroups admitting generating sets which induce a “weight” on elements of the semigroup

Neither universal algebra nor semigroup theory is something I really know much about, so this question might not be appropriate for MO; if so, I'll move it to MSE. Recently, I've been playing ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Idempotents in Green J classes

I recently read this article Syntactic semigroups. In page $8$, he speaks about a J class having an idempotent is called regular: A $\mathcal J$-class containing an idempotent is called regular. ...
0
votes
1answer
160 views

Embedding a semigroup into a divisible semigroup

The following is motivated by the fact that I'd like to have a way, much better if canonical, to isometrically embed a normed group into a normed divisible group. But semigroups are a much more ...
4
votes
1answer
122 views

Generator of a $C_0$-semigroup restricted to a subspace

Suppose we have a decreasing filtration of Banach spaces $(E_t)\_{t\geq0}$, inclusions $V_{s+t,t}:E_{s+t}\to E_t$ and projections $P_{t,s+t}:E_t\to E_{s+t}$ such that $P_{t,s+t}V_{s+t,t}=I_{E_{s+t}}$. ...
24
votes
5answers
1k views

How many binary operations are associative?

Let $X$ be a finite set of $n$ elements, and consider a binary operation $\odot: X \times X \rightarrow X$. There are $n^{n^2}$ such binary operations, as the $n \times n$ table entries can each be ...
2
votes
1answer
154 views

On the notion of torsion-freeness in semigroup theory

The following seems to be the "official" notion of torsion-freeness in the context of semigroups: TF1. A (multiplicatively written) semigroup $\mathfrak A$ is torsion-free if there do not ...
1
vote
1answer
180 views

Strictly totally ordered semigroups - Looking for references

Let $\mathfrak A = (A, \cdot)$ be a semigroup (written multiplicatively). We say that $\mathfrak A$ is linearly orderable if there exists a total order $\le$ on $A$ such that $ac < bc$ and $ca < ...
4
votes
1answer
208 views

Reference for subsemigroups of $\mathbb{N}^n$

A well known result about the natural numbers $\mathbb{N}$ says that for any finite subset $A \subset \mathbb{N}$ there exists $R \ge 0$ such that if $n$ is in the subgroup of $\mathbb{Z}$ generated ...
2
votes
2answers
208 views

Idempotent semigroups: Are they all residually finite?

As pointed out by Mark Sapir in his answer to a related question, every residually finite divisible semigroup is idempotent (hence uniquely divisible). On another hand, it is not difficult to prove ...
3
votes
1answer
235 views

A semigroup with the property that $x^n = a$ has at least one solution

Is there a standard name for a (multiplicatively-written) semigroup $(A, \cdot)$ such that, given an arbitrary $a \in A$, the equation $x^n = a$ has at least one solution $x \in A$ for each $n \in ...
2
votes
1answer
234 views

Is there existing terminology for this technical condition on semilattices?

Given a semilattice $S$, a subset $E$, and a positive integer $n$, let $E^{[n]}$ be the set of all products of $n$-tuples in $E$. Thus $\bigcup_{n\geq 1} E^{[n]}$ is nothing but the subsemigroup of ...
4
votes
2answers
437 views

Reference on Semigroup Theory and Parabolics PDE'S

Recently started to study Semigroup Theory. My background is equivalent to the first three chapters of the Jack Hale's book, Asymptotic Behavior of Dissipative Systems. Looking for a reference to an ...
2
votes
1answer
216 views

Nuclearity of certain semigroup crossed product C*-algebras

This question is related to this question link. Suppose we have an (abelian) semigroup $S$ acting by endomorphisms on a $C^*$-algebra A giving rise to a semigroup crossed product $B = A\rtimes S$. ...
1
vote
2answers
243 views

reference for weak*-semigroup

Let $X$ a dual Bancah space (there exists a Banach space $Y$ such that $X=Y'$). A weak* semigroup on $X$ is a semigroup $(T_t)_{\geq 0}$ on $X$ such that, for all $x\in X$, we have ...
8
votes
5answers
609 views

References/literature for pushouts in category of commutative monoids? [ed. - amalgams]

This is more of a request for pointers to relevant literature than a question per se. I am, erm, looking at a paper which uses a kind of iterated pushout construction to obtain a commutative monoid ...