# Tagged Questions

**4**

votes

**1**answer

120 views

### Are functions of moderate growth a bornological space?

I was thinking a bit about distribution theory the last weeks and stumbled across the following question:
There are two natural locally convex topologies on the space of smooth functions of moderate ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

82 views

### Extension of pseudodifferential operators

I'm very sorry if this is the wrong place to ask this question, but I've asked it on StackExchange and received no answers. ( ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

64 views

### Define the space of distributions with algebraic decay?

A tempered distribution $u\in \mathcal{S}'(\mathbb{R})$ is said to be rapidly decreasing if for every $f \in \mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R})$, $u*f \in \mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R})$.
One rough way to motivate ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

190 views

### Can I approximate Schwartz functions which integrate to zero by $C_0^\infty$ functions which integrate to zero?

Let $X$ be the closed subspace of Schwartz space $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^N)$ defined by
\begin{equation*}
X=\left\{f\in\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^N):\quad \int f\; dx=0\right\}.
\end{equation*}
My ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

182 views

### When sequentially continuous linear functional is continuous?

Let $C^\infty(X)$ denote the space of infinitely smooth functions on a compact manifold $X$ (at the beginning one may assume that $X$ is a circle, though I need a more general case). Let ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

155 views

### Linear operators on distributions with different topologies

Denote by $\mathscr{D}^\prime$ and $\mathscr{D}^\prime_b$ the space of distributions on $\mathbb{R}^n$ equipped with the weak and the strong topology, respectively. Because the topology of ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Convergence of Schwartz Kernels

I read this question, and I would like to ask the opposite: Assume that I have a sequence of smoothing operators $(P_n)$ with (hence smooth) kernels $(p_n)$ converging strongly to some smoothing ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### The derivative of a non-tempered distribution can be tempered?

Suppose we have a non- tempered distribution $u\in \mathcal D'(\mathbb R^d)\backslash \mathcal S'(\mathbb R^d)$. Is it possible to have $\partial_{x_1}...\partial_{x_d}u \in \mathcal S'(\mathbb R^d)$ ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

158 views

### Method to compute fundamental solutions which are distributions

The Malgrange-Ehrenpreis theorem tells us that there is a fundamental solution for any linear differential operator of constants coefficients. The original proof was not constructive (it was based on ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### Is the space of rapidly decreasing (non-smooth) functions nuclear?

We denote by $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R})$ the space of smooth and rapidly decreasing functions. We define on $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R})$ the family of semi-norms
$$\lVert \varphi \lVert_{n,m} = \lVert ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

113 views

### Practical way to check whether a distribution is conormal

Let $X$ be a $C^\infty$-manifold, $Y$ be its $C^\infty$-submanifold. Hörmander defines the set $I^m(X,Y)$ of conormal distributions as the set of all $u \in \mathscr D'(X)$ such that
$$
L_1 ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

149 views

### The dual space of the Dirac measures on an Abelian group

Let $G$ be a Hausdorff locally-compact Abelian group and $L^2(G)$ the Hilbert space of two-integrable complex functions on the group.
Question. What would be natural vector space $\mathcal{R}$ ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### Fourier transform and support of a distribution

Let $T \in \mathscr D'(\mathbb R^n)$ be a distribution, such that its Fourier transform $\widehat T$ is a real analytic function on $\mathbb R^n$ but it can't be continued to an entire function on ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

322 views

### Is every distribution a linear combination of Dirac deltas?

My question is whether Dirac-type distributions over an Abelian group define a basis of the Schwartz-Bruhat space $\mathcal{S}(G)^\times$ of tempered distributions on $G$, so that any distribution ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

209 views

### Is the space of test functions separable? [closed]

Consider the space $\mathcal D(\mathbb{R}^n)$ of smooth functions (in the sense of having continuous derivatives of all orders) which are compactly supported. Endow it with its usual topology, i.e., ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

189 views

### Why distributions as functionals? [closed]

Why do we generalize functions by functionals on Schwartz Spaces, beyond the fact that it simply works? There should be a deeper reason why Schwartz considered functionals.
Excited for answers, Alex.

**2**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### Understanding Bruhat's notion of Schwartz function

I am trying to understand Bruhat's generalized Schwartz functions over (Hausforff) locally compact Abelian groups [1], following this paper [2] by Osborne. There, the Schwarz-Bruhat space ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

170 views

### Fubini for distributions which are not measures?

We have a "nonnegative" distribution $\mu$ with compact support in $\mathbb{R}^2$ which is not a measure, as we can produce a linear function $f(x,y)=x-1$ such that the integral of $f^{2k}$ w.r.t. ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

327 views

### Pull-back of generalized functions

Let $f\colon X\to Y$ be a smooth map between smooth manifolds. Then the pull-back operation
$f^*\colon C^\infty(Y)\to C^\infty(X)$ is a linear continuous operator when $C^\infty$ is equipped with the ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

326 views

### Dirac delta composed with absolute value [closed]

I hope this question is well suited for this site; please excuse me if not.
I recently read that the value of $\delta(x^2)$ is an open question [1], with $\delta(x)$ the Dirac delta. Now I'm trying ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### Fourier transform of tempered distribution

I'm wondering whether anyone knows a reference or proof for finding the Fourier transform of $f(t):=(t+1)^{1/2}t_+^{1/2}$? (Here $t_+=\max (t,0)$.)

**4**

votes

**4**answers

324 views

### Reference for integral of functions taking values in a topological vector space.

(Note that I am interested in the Gelfand-Pettis integral specifically, as opposed to, for example, the Bochner integral.) I have tried Googling things like "integral topological vector space", ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

462 views

### What functions can be obtained as a convolution of a Schwartz function and a tempered distribution?

Let $\mathcal S (\mathbb R)$ denote the space of Schwartz functions on $\mathbb R$ and $\mathcal S^* (\mathbb R)$ denote the dual space of Schwartz (a.k.a tempered) distributions.
We consider ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

401 views

### Calculating a distributional derivative

Suppose that we have a sequence of functions $u_j$ that are in $L^{\infty}(0,1)$. Then the sequence of maps $N_j(s) := \|u_j(s)\|^2$ are also in $L^{\infty}(0,1)$. Hence they give rise to ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

360 views

### Opinions on the Multiplication of Measures

A few questions, hopefully to spark some discussion.
How can one define a product of measures?
We could use Colombeau products by embedding the measures into the distributions? I'm not sure why ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

371 views

### One-sided Cauchy principal value

What is the notion of a principal value of an integral when the singularity appears at one endpoint? Namely,
$ PV \int_a^b f(t) dt = ? $,
where the integral is convergent in the upper limit, but ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

267 views

### Integration under functional sign

Let $f(x,y)$ be some bounded with its derivatives continuous function on $\Omega \times \overline{\Omega}$, where $\Omega$ is a domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $f(\,\,\cdot\,,\,y) \in ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

606 views

### The fourier transform of homogeneous distribution and related topics

When we have a distribuion $u\in \mathcal{D}'(R^n)$,and the restriction to $R^{n}\backslash{0}$ is homogeneous of degree a,we have $u \in \varphi'$ and $\widehat u$ is of degree(-n-a) in ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

783 views

### The topology of $C_0^\infty(M) $

I have read definitions in my PDE book as follows: If $M$ is a smooth paracompact manifold, the space of all linear functional on $C^\infty(M)$ is denoted by $E'$ and the space of all linear ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

495 views

### Is there dual space of the distributions $\mathcal{D}'(R)$?

Dear MOs,
Let $\mathcal{D}(R):=C_c^\infty(R)$ be the smooth functions with compact support. Its dual space is the space $\mathcal{D}'(R)$ of distributions. This space $\mathcal{D}(R)$ has its weak ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

428 views

### Wightman fields vs local functionals vs operators

In QFT literature one wants to look at $n-$point correlation functions of "operators" inserted at $x$ say, $\cal{O}(x)$ and if $\phi_i$ are the fields then the quantity one has in mind is written as, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

386 views

### about decomposition of a non-negative definite operators

Hello,
Many years before, I had the following problem.
We first give a definition. Given a non-negative definite real-valued definite matrix $n^2\times n^2$ matrix $M$, it is called separable if it ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

706 views

### Can distribution theory be developed Riemann-free?

I imagine most people who frequent MO have been indoctrinated into the point of view that the Riemann integral can be safely discarded once one has taken the time to develop the Lebesgue integral. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

376 views

### Equivalent references for Schwartz's book of the distribution theory

Hello,
It seems that there is no English translation of the Schwartz's book 1966. I may need to use the spaces like
$$
\dot{\mathcal{B}}(R),\quad \dot{\mathcal{B}}'(R),\quad \mathcal{B}(R),\quad ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

394 views

### A question about an equivalent definition of the Schwartz distribution

Hello,
Does anyone know a reference or proof of the "if" part of the following statement?
$$
\mu\in \mathcal{S}'(R)\quad\text{if and only if}\quad \mu*\alpha\in\mathcal{S}(R),\forall \alpha\in ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

831 views

### Distributions and measures

Hello,
After reading the previous post, I still have some doubts. Let's consider everything on $R$ to avoid complications.
Can we say that any distribution $\mu\in\mathcal{D}'(R)$ of zero order ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

547 views

### Distributions on product spaces

I hope this is suitable to MO.
Question. Let $X$ and $Y$ be two open sets in $\mathbb R^n$ and $\mathbb R^m$, respectively. In what sense can we consider $\mathcal{D}^{\prime} \left(X\times Y\right)$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

552 views

### An elementary introduction of Colombeau's generalized function theory

Hello, I am wondering whether anyone know an elementary reference for Colombeau's theory on the multiplication of distributions? I encountered the problem of the square of Delta function. I need a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

839 views

### A good reference for the wave front set

Hello,
I am wondering whether anyone know some good references for the theory of wave front set, microlocal analysis? I have some basic knowledge of distribution theory at the level of the Rudin's ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Existence of weak limits

Background: Three months ago, I asked this question, which is a bit related to the following (if the answer to it was Yes, then answer to this one would be Yes too, but since that was a No, it still ...

**11**

votes

**18**answers

6k views

### Good books on theory of distributions

Hi all.
I'm looking for english books with a good coverage of distribution theory.
I'm a fan of Folland's Real analysis, but it only gives elementary notions on distributions.
Thanks in advance.