The first purpose of schemes theory is the geometrical study of solutions of algebraic systems of equations, not only over the real/complex numbers, but also over integer numbers (and more generally over any commutative ring with 1).It was finalized by Alexandre GROTHENDIECK, during the 1950's and ...

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26
votes
0answers
2k views

Why “open immersion” rather than “open embedding”?

When topologists speak of an "immersion", they are quite deliberately describing something that is not necessarily an "embedding." But I cannot think of any use of the word "embedding" in algebraic ...
23
votes
0answers
983 views

Mikhalkin's tropical schemes versus Durov's tropical schemes

In Mikhalkin's unfinished draft book on tropical geometry, (available here) (page 26) he defines a notion of tropical schemes. It seems to me that this definition is not just a wholesale adaptation of ...
9
votes
0answers
116 views

Weierstrass division theorem for henselian rings

Let $A$ be an henselian local noetherian ring. There is an old result of Lafon ("Anneaux henséliens et théorème de préparation" (1967)), which says that if $A$ is analytically normal and of ...
6
votes
0answers
202 views

Is the stack of varieties with a big line bundle algebraic

In Starr's paper https://www.math.stonybrook.edu/~jstarr/papers/moduli4.pdf the folk result that the fibred category of pairs $(X\to S, L)$, where $S$ is an affine scheme, $X\to S$ is flat proper ...
6
votes
0answers
276 views

Does one need l to be invertible in S in order to consider the l-adic cohomology of S-schemes and motives?

When Ivorra defines the $l$-adic realization of $S$-motives (i.e. of Voevodsky's motives over a scheme $S$) he demands $l$ to be invertible in $S$. Is this condition really necessary? What happens ...
6
votes
0answers
398 views

Ever seen a ringed group?

A locally ringed space is a common generalization of schemes and various manifolds. I am wondering about a locally ringed group which should be a common generalization of group schemes and various Lie ...
5
votes
0answers
160 views

If $X,Y$ are regular and of finite type over $S$, can $X\times _S Y$ be embedded into a regular $S$-scheme?

It seems to be well-known (see Is there an example of a variety over the complex numbers with no embedding into a smooth variety?) that a general finite type $S$-scheme does not embedd into a regular ...
5
votes
0answers
68 views

Category of the smooth formal p-groups over a local ring

Fontaine showed in Asterisque 47-48 that the category of finite dimensional smooth formal $p$-groups over the ring $A=W(k)$ of the Witt vectors over a finite field $k$ is anti-equivalent to the ...
5
votes
0answers
303 views

What is known about “singularity types” in the Murphy's Law sense?

In his "Murphy's Law" paper, Vakil gives a definition equivalent to the following: The singularity type of a pointed scheme $(X,p)$ its equivalence class, under the following equivalence relation: ...
5
votes
0answers
536 views

Do all the main properties of constructible and perverse sheaves (in an 'arithmetic' situation) follow from results of Gabber?

This question is a continuation of Bad behaviour of perverse sheaves over 'general' bases? Let $S$ (for example) be a finite type separated scheme over $\mathbb{Z}$. I would like: (1) to ...
4
votes
0answers
188 views

Tannaka categories and reductive groups

The group associated to a Tannaka category $T$ over a field is pro-reductive if and only if $T$ is semi-simple. Pro-reductive groups make sense over any scheme. Is there an extension of the theory ...
4
votes
0answers
237 views

Differential Geometry of (Non-Abelian) Gerbes in the language of Brylinski

Context In an effort to have a definition for connection on a non-abelian gerbe, in the style of Brylinski, I am reading Breen and Messing's Differential Geometry of Gerbes [BM]. It seems that there ...
4
votes
0answers
151 views

formal smooth morphism with a formal smooth source

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a morpism between $k$-schemes ( $k$ a field). We suppose that X is formally smooth and f is formally smooth and surjective. Do we have that $Y$ is formally smooth? Or if it's ...
4
votes
0answers
238 views

Is the pushout of smooth varieties along a smooth closed subvariety again a variety?

The following question is motivated by a desire to find a rough analog in algebraic geometry of the usual notion of gluing of smooth bordisms. Suppose k is an algebraically closed field of ...
4
votes
0answers
587 views

Two definitions of smoothness?

This is confusing, there appear to be possibly two definitions of smoothness in algebraic geometry for a morphism $f: X \rightarrow Y$ of schemes of finite type over an arbitrary field $k$. ...
4
votes
0answers
610 views

Zariski tangent space of a scheme as the vector space of derivations

A standard lemma says that for a scheme $X$ of finite type over an algebraically closed field $k$ the set of derivations $\mathcal{O}_{X,x} \to \kappa(x)=k$, is isomorphic to the Zariski tangent ...
4
votes
0answers
299 views

Vector bundles of schemes and their topological realizations

Hi, there is a realization functor $R_\mathbb{R}$ from schemes of finite type over $\mathbb{R}$ to topological spaces and there is also a functor $R_\mathbb{C}$. Does $R_\mathbb{R}$ send an ...
3
votes
0answers
107 views

Is there a difference between the inertia stack and the universal automorphism group

Let $\mathcal M$ be a stack representing some moduli problem. Let $\mathcal X\to \mathcal M$ be the corresponding universal family. What is the difference between the inertia stack $I\to \mathcal M$ ...
3
votes
0answers
133 views

going down theorem

Typical maps that satisfy "going down theorem" are flat morphisms and integral extensions of normal rings that are integral. Let $Spec(B)\rightarrow Spec(A)$ be a finite type morphism of k-noetherian ...
3
votes
0answers
100 views

motivic integration and jacobian ideal

When we consider the change of variables in motivic integration, we have a birational map $f:Y\rightarrow X$ with Y smooth and we have to consider two invariants the order of the Jacobian ideal of $X$ ...
3
votes
0answers
90 views

Examples of subspaces singled out by modular forms

I am wondering what subspaces of modular varieties defined as the zero locus of modular forms have been studied in the literature. To be more clear let me explain the example I have in mind. Let ...
3
votes
0answers
128 views

Are there any useful Grothendieck topologies for which the H1 of $GL_n$ is not the set of rank $n$ vector bundles

Let n be a positive integer and X a scheme. Then for all the Grothendieck topologies I know (Zariski, etale, fppf) the set $H^1(X,GL_n)$ is the set of (isomorphism classes of) rank $n$ vector bundles. ...
3
votes
0answers
112 views

Quasi-finite morphisms of stacks

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a morphism of ``nice" stacks over $\mathbf C$ such that the induced morphism on coarse moduli spaces is quasi-finite. Is $f$ quasi-finite? By a "nice" stack I mean a smooth finite ...
3
votes
0answers
322 views

Given a morphism of schemes, when does bijective + isomorphic tangent spaces = isomorphism?

Let $f: X \to Y$ be a morphism of schemes over a field $k$ such that $f$ induces (1) a bijection between their closed points, and (2) an isomorphism of their Zariski tangent spaces. Under these ...
3
votes
0answers
164 views

Does the following first order approximation of the Kapranov-Vasserot infinitesimal loops still do any job?

Let $X$ be a scheme over, say, a field $k$. Let us denote $\mathrm{Spec}(k[\varepsilon])$ by $T$ and its (unique) $k$-point by $0\in T$. Call the first order infinitesimal cone $C_{T,0}(X)$ over $X$ ...
3
votes
0answers
214 views

Does a section of a morphism of schemes give a subscheme?

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of schemes (or algebraic spaces), and $s:Y\rightarrow X$ is a section to $f$, i.e. $fs=1_{Y}$. Question: Is $s$ an (closed) immersion?
3
votes
0answers
65 views

on Neron defect of smoothness for groups schemes

Let $G$ a semisimple simply connected group over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\gamma\in G(\mathbb{C}[[t]])$ such that $\gamma$ is regular semisimple on $G(\mathbb{C}((t)))$. We consider $I_{\gamma}$ the group ...
3
votes
0answers
300 views

A presentation of a scheme as a limit of smooth ones over finitely generated bases

Suppose that a scheme $S$ is separated, excellent, and has finite Krull dimension. Which of the following statements are true: If $S$ is regular, then it can be presented as a projective limit of ...
2
votes
0answers
198 views

Finiteness of the connected components of a stack

Let $X$ be an algebaic stack over a scheme $S$, for any $S$-scheme $Y$ we can consider the groupoid $X(Y)$ of $Y$-points. Denote by $\pi_0(X(Y))$ the set of isomorphism classes of the groupoid. Are ...
2
votes
0answers
64 views

completion of non-finitely generated ideal

Let consider $A=k[x_{1},x_{2}...]$, the polynomial ring with countably many indeterminates. Then we can consider the completion ...
2
votes
0answers
175 views

Stable Lefschetz fibrations

Let $S$ be a non-singular complex projective surface, then construct the Lefschetz fibration $\pi:\widetilde S\longrightarrow\mathbb P^1$ associated to $S$ (we have a birational morphism ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Can we classify reductive group schemes over curves

Let $C$ be a smooth quasi-projective connected curve over the complex numbers. Can one classify all reductive group schemes over $C$? Certainly, you have the trivial ones (coming from pulling-back ...
2
votes
0answers
144 views

infinite dimensional germs of schemes and tangent spaces

(The question of the type "how to define?") Let $(R,\mathfrak{m})$ be a local ring over a field $k$ of zero characteristic. Consider the matrices over this ring, $Mat(m,R)$. I think of $Mat(m,R)$ as ...
2
votes
0answers
130 views

Examples of non-projective morphisms with projective fibres

Let $X\to S$ be a morphism of noetherian schemes such that, for all $s$ in $S$, the morphism $X_s\to $ Spec $k(s)$ is projective. Then it doesn't follow that $X\to S$ is projective in general. In ...
2
votes
0answers
74 views

semicontinuity of the conductor defined by Temkin

We say a principal pair $(X,\mathcal{I})$ where $X=Spec(A)$ is affine scheme and $\mathcal{I}=\tilde{I}$ where $I\subset A$ is a principal ideal generated by $\pi$ wich is a non zero divisor. For a ...
2
votes
0answers
120 views

scheme of sections over complete local ring

Let $f:X\rightarrow S= Spec(k[[\pi]])$ a finite type faithfully flat morphism. Let $U\subset X$ be an open subset such that $U$ is smooth and surjective on $S$. We consider the $k$-scheme ...
2
votes
0answers
160 views

fpqc, formal smoothness

Based on Possible formal smoothness mistake in EGA, let $X$ and $Y$ $k$-schemes ($k$ a field), let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a fpqc morphism such that $f$ is formally smooth and $X$ formally smooth, do we ...
2
votes
0answers
129 views

descent for formally smooth maps

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a morphism between schemes and $Y'\rightarrow Y$ a fpqc morphism such that the base change $f'$ of $f$ to $Y'$ is formally smooth, does it imply that $f$ is formally smooth?
2
votes
0answers
129 views

Regular subscheme of a projective limit of schemes

Let $S\cong \varprojlim S_i$, where $S$ and all $S_i$ are separated regular excellent of finite Krull dimension. Let $Z$ be a closed regular subscheme of $S$. As Theorem 8.8.2 of EGA4 shows, $Z$ comes ...
2
votes
0answers
124 views

Dualizing sheaf in mixed characteristic for regular schemes.

I've been looking many places, but everything I find seems to either talk about (a) varieties or (b) extremely general situations with dualizing complexes. As I am not in the situation of (a) (i.e. ...
2
votes
0answers
193 views

Segre class of cones and Base change of projective cones

I'm trying to work out a result in Fulton's intersection theory and I think I need the following basic result about base change of projective cones (whose support may not be the entire base scheme). ...
2
votes
0answers
278 views

G-torsor whose ring of regular functions is a field.

I already asked this question on stackexchange but didn't get any answer. Maybe it is better suited for mathoverflow. Let $G$ be an affine group scheme (not necessarily of finite type) over ...
2
votes
0answers
344 views

cohomology of projective limit of schemes

Hello, Suppose that $X_i$ is a projective system of schemes and $F_i$ is a compatible projective system of abelian sheaves on the $X_i$ (i.e. if $p_{ij} : X_i \to X_j$ is the transition map, then we ...
2
votes
0answers
244 views

Can any radiciel morphism be presented as the composition of a universal homeomorphism with an immersion?

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a radiciel (=universally injective) morphism, where $X$ is a regular connected scheme. Can it be presented as the composition of a universal homeomorphism with an immersion? This ...
2
votes
0answers
201 views

Induced groupoid schemes

This is a more direct version of this question, which was perhaps a bit obtuse. This is a more elementary formulation. Recall that for a groupoid scheme (or indeed any internal groupoid) $X = (X_1 ...
2
votes
0answers
229 views

Colimit of an etale diagram of schemes

It is known that the category of schemes is not cocomplete (e.g. see this question: Colimits of schemes). However, do diagrams of schemes for which every morphism is etale have colimits? More ...
2
votes
0answers
558 views

Quotient morphisms in the category of schemes

Which morphisms of schemes (or varieties, if you prefer) $\pi: X \rightarrow Y$ are quotient morphisms, i.e. satisfy the following universal property (*)? (*) For any morphism $f:X \rightarrow Z$, ...
1
vote
0answers
98 views

In how many ways can one extend the zero section of the affine line with a double origin

Let $X$ be the affine line with a double origin over Spec $\mathbb Z$. Let $X_\eta$ be its generic fibre, the affine line with a double origin over Spec $\mathbb Q$. Let $0$ be one of the origins of ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Locally free sheaves of algebras vs. algebra bundles

It is well known that there is a bijective correspondence between locally free sheaves of modules and vector bundles (cf. ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

(Affine) Schemes and the point of view of morphisms with values in a field

Let $A$ be a commutative ring with unity. If $\varphi_1 : A \rightarrow K_1$ and $\varphi_2 : A \rightarrow K_2$ are ring morphisms from $A$ to fields, $\varphi_1$ and $\varphi_2$ are said to ...