# Tagged Questions

The first purpose of schemes theory is the geometrical study of solutions of algebraic systems of equations, not only over the real/complex numbers, but also over integer numbers (and more generally over any commutative ring with 1).It was finalized by Alexandre GROTHENDIECK, during the 1950's and ...

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### Mikhalkin's tropical schemes versus Durov's tropical schemes

In Mikhalkin's unfinished draft book on tropical geometry, (available here) (page 26) he defines a notion of tropical schemes. It seems to me that this definition is not just a wholesale adaptation of ...
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### History of the functor of points

Until now, I thought the functor of points approach was introduced by Grothendieck at the 1973 Buffalo seminar. However, in this note by Lawvere the author writes: "I myself had learned the ...
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### Weierstrass division theorem for henselian rings

Let $A$ be an henselian local noetherian ring. There is an old result of Lafon ("Anneaux henséliens et théorème de préparation" (1967)), which says that if $A$ is analytically normal and of ...
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### Are all formal schemes *really* Ind-schemes?

I'm trying to understand whether there's a fully faithful functor $LRS \supset FormalSch \to IndSch$ and in what sense. Here's my progress so far: Let $\mathsf{A}$ be the category of adic rings. The ...
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### Arithmetic zeta function and local zeta functions

For the arithmetic zeta function of (say) a nonsingular projective variety $X$, one has the following Euler product \zeta_X(s) = \prod_{p\ \mbox{prime}}\zeta_{X\vert\mathbb{F}_p}(s), ...
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### Is the stack of varieties with a big line bundle algebraic

In Starr's paper https://www.math.stonybrook.edu/~jstarr/papers/moduli4.pdf the folk result that the fibred category of pairs $(X\to S, L)$, where $S$ is an affine scheme, $X\to S$ is flat proper ...
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### Does one need l to be invertible in S in order to consider the l-adic cohomology of S-schemes and motives?

When Ivorra defines the $l$-adic realization of $S$-motives (i.e. of Voevodsky's motives over a scheme $S$) he demands $l$ to be invertible in $S$. Is this condition really necessary? What happens ...
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### Ever seen a ringed group?

A locally ringed space is a common generalization of schemes and various manifolds. I am wondering about a locally ringed group which should be a common generalization of group schemes and various Lie ...
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### extending local systems on a neighbourhood

Let $Y$ an affine finite type scheme over an algebraically closed field $k$. Let $S$ be a closed subscheme of $Y$ and $Y'$ the henselization of $Y$ along $S$. If we have a $\mathbb{Z}_{\ell}$ local ...
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### henselizations along closed subscheme

Where can I find some references about henselizations ablong a closed subscheme? For example if I take a map $Y\times\mathbb{A}^{1}\rightarrow Y$ and $Z$ a closed subscheme. Let $Y_{Z}^{h}$ the ...
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### Is there a difference between the inertia stack and the universal automorphism group

Let $\mathcal M$ be a stack representing some moduli problem. Let $\mathcal X\to \mathcal M$ be the corresponding universal family. What is the difference between the inertia stack $I\to \mathcal M$ ...
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### Finiteness of the connected components of a stack

Let $X$ be an algebaic stack over a scheme $S$, for any $S$-scheme $Y$ we can consider the groupoid $X(Y)$ of $Y$-points. Denote by $\pi_0(X(Y))$ the set of isomorphism classes of the groupoid. Are ...
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### going down theorem

Typical maps that satisfy "going down theorem" are flat morphisms and integral extensions of normal rings that are integral. Let $Spec(B)\rightarrow Spec(A)$ be a finite type morphism of k-noetherian ...
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### motivic integration and jacobian ideal

When we consider the change of variables in motivic integration, we have a birational map $f:Y\rightarrow X$ with Y smooth and we have to consider two invariants the order of the Jacobian ideal of $X$ ...
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### Locally free sheaves of algebras vs. algebra bundles

It is well known that there is a bijective correspondence between locally free sheaves of modules and vector bundles (cf. https://rigtriv.wordpress.com/2008/04/09/locally-free-sheaves-and-vector-...
Let consider $A=k[x_{1},x_{2}...]$, the polynomial ring with countably many indeterminates. Then we can consider the completion $\hat{A}=\varprojlim_{r,l}k[x_{1},x_{2},..]/(x_{1}^{r},..x_{l}^{r},x_{l+... 0answers 127 views ### Covering a finite set of points of height 1 by an affine open Let$R$be a Noetherian ring and let$X$be a finite type, separated$R$-scheme that is normal and integral. Let$x_1, \dotsc, x_n \in X$be points of height$1$. Does there exist an open affine$U \...
Let $C$ be a smooth quasi-projective connected curve over the complex numbers. Can one classify all reductive group schemes over $C$? Certainly, you have the trivial ones (coming from pulling-back ...