The first purpose of schemes theory is the geometrical study of solutions of algebraic systems of equations, not only over the real/complex numbers, but also over integer numbers (and more generally over any commutative ring with 1).It was finalized by Alexandre GROTHENDIECK, during the 1950's and ...

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54 views

(Affine) Schemes and the point of view of morphisms with values in a field

Let $A$ be a commutative ring with unity. If $\varphi_1 : A \rightarrow K_1$ and $\varphi_2 : A \rightarrow K_2$ are ring morphisms from $A$ to fields, $\varphi_1$ and $\varphi_2$ are said to ...
2
votes
2answers
242 views

Push-forward of a quasi-coherent graded algebra under a proper map

Let $f\colon X \rightarrow Y$ be a proper morphism with $Y$ Noetherian (and even affine, if you wish), and let $\mathscr{A} = \bigoplus_{n \ge 0} \mathscr{A}_n$ be a quasi-coherent graded ...
24
votes
2answers
2k views

Ring-theoretic characterization of open affines?

Background Recall that, given two commutative rings $A$ and $B$, the set of morphisms of rings $A\to B$ is in bijection with the set of morphisms of schemes $\mathrm{Spec}(B)\to\mathrm{Spec}(A)$. ...
1
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1answer
141 views

Relative identity component for group algebraic spaces

Let $S$ be a locally noetherian scheme and let $G$ be a separated and smooth $S$-group algebraic space of finite presentation. Does there exist an open sub-(group algebraic space) $G^0 \subset G$ ...
0
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0answers
86 views

Covering a finite set of points of height 1 by an affine open

Let $R$ be a Noetherian ring and let $X$ be a finite type, separated $R$-scheme that is normal and integral. Let $x_1, \dotsc, x_n \in X$ be points of height $1$. Does there exist an open affine $U ...
1
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0answers
218 views

Affine communication lemma and finite limits in the category of rings

Let $X$ be a scheme and $\mathrm{Spec}(B) = V \subseteq X$ be an open affine subset. When using the affine communication lemma (c.f. Theorem 6.3.2, Vakil's notes, Foundations of Algebraic Geometry), ...
1
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1answer
188 views

Smoothness and smoothness over formal neighborhood

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a locally finitely presented map. Let $x\in X$ and $y=f(x)$. We assume that the map on the level of fomal neighborhoods $X_{x}\rightarrow Y_{y}$ is formally smooth, can we find ...
14
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0answers
283 views

Does every relative curve have a Picard scheme?

More precisely: Let $X \to S$ be a smooth proper morphism of schemes such that the geometric fibers are integral curves of genus $g$. Must the fppf relative Picard functor $\operatorname{\bf ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

Flatness of Normalization of regular schemes

I have a followup to the following question: Flatness of normalization. Suppose that $X$ is a regular scheme (of finite type over a $\mathbb{C}$ if one wants) and $X'$ is the normalization of $X$ in ...
18
votes
3answers
2k views

A book on locally ringed spaces?

Are there enough interesting results that hold for general locally ringed spaces for a book to have been written? If there are, do you know of a book? If you do, pelase post it, one per answer and a ...
2
votes
0answers
81 views

motivic integration and jacobian ideal

When we consider the change of variables in motivic integration, we have a birational map $f:Y\rightarrow X$ with Y smooth and we have to consider two invariants the order of the Jacobian ideal of $X$ ...
0
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0answers
67 views

on lifting elements in a tangent space

Let X a normal integral scheme over a base field scheme, assumedd to be singular and an integer $n$ Let $\mathcal{O}=k[[t]]$, we consider the arc space $X(\mathcal{O})$ which is a $k$- pro-scheme and ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Some questions about ruled surfaces defined over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$

definitions: A non-singular complex projective surface $S$ is a ruled surface if it is birationally equivalent to $C\times_{\text{Spec} \mathbb C}\mathbb P^1_{\mathbb C}$ where $C$ is a non-singular ...
1
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2answers
225 views

When the contraction is a morphism defined over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$

Suppose that $S$ is a complex projective surface defined over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$, namely there exists a surface $S_{\overline{\mathbb Q}}$ over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$ such that: ...
2
votes
1answer
155 views

About $\mathbb P^1_\mathbb C$ contained in a surface

Suppose that $X$ is a non-singular projective surface over $\mathbb {\overline Q}$ ( $X$ is a $\mathbb {\overline Q}$-scheme...) and suppose that there is an embedding: $$j:\mathbb P^1_{\mathbb ...
2
votes
1answer
190 views

Minimal model of a non-singular complex projective surface defined over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$

Suppose that $S$ is a non-singular complex projective surface that is defined over $\overline{\mathbb Q}$, namely $S\cong\text{Proj}\frac{\mathbb C[T_1,T_2,\ldots,T_n]}{(f_1,\ldots,f_n)}$ where $f_i$ ...
1
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0answers
77 views

Can we classify reductive group schemes over curves

Let $C$ be a smooth quasi-projective connected curve over the complex numbers. Can one classify all reductive group schemes over $C$? Certainly, you have the trivial ones (coming from pulling-back ...
2
votes
1answer
223 views

Can the Grothendieck ring of varities over a field $k$ be defined for non separated schemes?

The Grothendieck ring of varieties over a field $k$ is the abelian group generated by isomorphim classes $[X]$ of separated, reduced $k$-schemes $X$ of finite type with the relation $[X]=[Y] + ...
4
votes
0answers
170 views

Tannaka categories and reductive groups

The group associated to a Tannaka category $T$ over a field is pro-reductive if and only if $T$ is semi-simple. Pro-reductive groups make sense over any scheme. Is there an extension of the theory ...
2
votes
0answers
120 views

infinite dimensional germs of schemes and tangent spaces

(The question of the type "how to define?") Let $(R,\mathfrak{m})$ be a local ring over a field $k$ of zero characteristic. Consider the matrices over this ring, $Mat(m,R)$. I think of $Mat(m,R)$ as ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

curve through a point avoiding an hypersurface

Let $H$ be a closed hypersurface in $\mathbb{A}^{n}$, $n$ big enough over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $U$ be the complementary open subset. Let $x\in H$, Is it possible to find an curve ...
5
votes
1answer
238 views

Existence of affine hulls

(This question is inspired by Matthieu Romagny's answer to my previous question about base change properties of affine hulls.) Given a scheme $S$, it is well-known (cf. EGA I.9.1.21) that the ...
3
votes
1answer
260 views

Affine hulls and base change

Let $S$ be a scheme. We consider the functor, called affine hull, from the category of quasicompact and quasiseparated $S$-schemes to the category of affine $S$-schemes, defined as a left adjoint to ...
0
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2answers
225 views

Weil restriction

I've already asked a similar question in SE, without success, so I've decided to post here a more general version of my question. Let $f: Y \to X$ be a finite etale morphism of smooth proper ...
6
votes
3answers
915 views

Do Disjoint Unions and Fiber Products Commute?

Do disjoint unions and fiber products commute? In other words, is the following statement true? Statement: Let $C$ be a category with (infinite) coproducts and fiber products. Let {$U_{i}$} be a ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Examples of subspaces singled out by modular forms

I am wondering what subspaces of modular varieties defined as the zero locus of modular forms have been studied in the literature. To be more clear let me explain the example I have in mind. Let ...
2
votes
1answer
419 views

Base change through a field automorphism

Note:For a correct comprehension of the question see the "important edit" at the end. Consider a projective variety over $\mathbb C$, $X=\textrm{Proj}\frac{\mathbb ...
4
votes
1answer
154 views

Which valuations of a field yield codimension $1$ subschemes of their 'models'

For a field $F$ (for example, a one generated by a finite number of its elements) there is a directed set of its 'models' (in this case those are 'arithmetic' schemes whose fraction field is $F$). It ...
1
vote
1answer
141 views

Conjugate surfaces: informations about the orbits

Consider a complex algebraic variety $X$ (namely a $\mathbb C$-scheme, of finite type, geometrically integral and separated); if $\sigma\in\textrm{aut}(\mathbb C)$, then is well defined the complex ...
3
votes
0answers
116 views

Are there any useful Grothendieck topologies for which the H1 of $GL_n$ is not the set of rank $n$ vector bundles

Let n be a positive integer and X a scheme. Then for all the Grothendieck topologies I know (Zariski, etale, fppf) the set $H^1(X,GL_n)$ is the set of (isomorphism classes of) rank $n$ vector bundles. ...
3
votes
2answers
186 views

Minimal fields of isomorphism for varieties

Let $V$ be an algebraic variety over a field $K$. Is there a constant $d = d(V) \in \mathbb{N}$ such that for any variety $W$ defined over $K$ and isomorphic to $V$ over the algebraic closure of $K$, ...
-2
votes
1answer
200 views

Schemes over $K_s$ and over $\bar{K}$

Let $K$ be a field. Let $X$ be a scheme over $K$. We denote by $K_s$ and by $\bar{K}$ the separable closure and the algebraic closure of $K$ respectively. By base change we have the schemes $X_{K_s}$ ...
5
votes
1answer
560 views

For a morphism f from a regular scheme, should there exist an open subscheme U of the target such that fibre of f at each point of U is regular

For a finite type morphism $f:X\to S$, $X$ is a regular scheme, should there always exist an open (dense) subscheme $U\subset S$ such that the fibre of $f$ at each Zariski point of $U$ is regular? All ...
6
votes
1answer
777 views

A naive algebraic geometry question

Suppose $X$ is a scheme over a ring $A$, $B$ is an $A$-algebra, and $X\times_AB$ is affine. I am looking for conditions on $A$ and $B$ (and perhaps the structure morphism of $X$ over $A$) that will ...
0
votes
0answers
63 views

Group schemes decomposition

Given an abelian group scheme of finite type $(G,+)$ over $\mathbb{F}$ connected, and given two connected closed subgroup schemes of finite type $G$ over $\mathbb{F}$ connected $H$, $N$ of $G$. ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Closed immersion of closed fiber?

Suppose $f: X \rightarrow Y$ is a morphism of schemes, and $y \in Y$ is closed point. We know the first projection morphism $p_1: X \ $ x$_{Y} \ k(y) \rightarrow X$ is a homeomorphism onto ...
0
votes
1answer
192 views

Confusion with the field of definition of a variety [closed]

Fix a field extension $k\subseteq K$ (assume that the fields have characteristic $0$) and consider the two following definitions: Now let's restrict our attention to a closed subscheme ...
3
votes
1answer
328 views

Spreading out flat morphisms of schemes

In EGA IV, Chapter 8, projective systems of schemes (and morphisms between them) are considered. Let $(S_{\lambda})_{\lambda \in L}$ be a projective system of schemes and let $S$ be the projective ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Quasi-finite morphisms of stacks

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a morphism of ``nice" stacks over $\mathbf C$ such that the induced morphism on coarse moduli spaces is quasi-finite. Is $f$ quasi-finite? By a "nice" stack I mean a smooth finite ...
9
votes
2answers
364 views

Is the category of schemes wellpowered? regularly wellpowered?

Wellpowered means that for every scheme $X$, the subobject lattice of monormophisms $Y \to X$ is essentially small; regularly wellpowered means that for every scheme $X$, the regular subobject lattice ...
3
votes
0answers
247 views

Given a morphism of schemes, when does bijective + isomorphic tangent spaces = isomorphism?

Let $f: X \to Y$ be a morphism of schemes over a field $k$ such that $f$ induces (1) a bijection between their closed points, and (2) an isomorphism of their Zariski tangent spaces. Under these ...
3
votes
0answers
144 views

Does the following first order approximation of the Kapranov-Vasserot infinitesimal loops still do any job?

Let $X$ be a scheme over, say, a field $k$. Let us denote $\mathrm{Spec}(k[\varepsilon])$ by $T$ and its (unique) $k$-point by $0\in T$. Call the first order infinitesimal cone $C_{T,0}(X)$ over $X$ ...
8
votes
1answer
426 views

Classical algebraic varieties VS $k$-schemes VS schemes

We know that there is an equivalence of categories between the two following categories: $1)$ Classical varieties over $k$, where $k$ is an algebraically closed field. (Informally I mean locally ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Properties stable under base change in algebraic geometry

I remember to have seen a big list in the EGA of properties $(P)$ such that: if $f : X \to Y$ has $(P)$ then, $f_{(S')} : X_{(S')}\to Y_{(S')}$ has $(P)$, where $f_{(S')}$ is the morphism $f$ after a ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

Holomorphic convergence conditions on $\mathbb C((z))$-valued points of a group $G$

Let $G$ be a complex, connected, simply connected, semisimple group. I'm trying to compare the following two spaces: The free loop space $LG$ of $G$, and the $\mathbb C((z))$-valued points of $G$, ...
3
votes
1answer
485 views

How to compute cohomology groups of a closed subscheme Z of projective space, defined by a homogeneous polynomial of degree d?

Let $Z = \mathrm{Proj}\,k[x_{0},x_{1},\ldots,x_{r}]/f$ be a closed subscheme of degree $d$, i.e., $f$ is a homogeneous polynomial of degree $d$, and ...
0
votes
0answers
98 views

Normal cones and the geometry of closed subschemes

Let $S$ be a closed subscheme of a smooth variety $M$ and suppose its ideal sheaf factors as $\mathscr{I}_S=\mathscr{I}_{S_1}\cdot \mathscr{I}_{S_2}$ for closed subschemes $S_1$ and $S_2$. Then what ...
9
votes
1answer
384 views

Is there a direct proof that affine schemes are fppf quasi-compact?

Let $A$ be a (commutative) ring. A family $(B_i)_{i\in I}$ of $A$-algebras is said to be an fppf cover if it satisfies three properties: (1) each $B_i$ is flat as an $A$-module, (2) each $B_i$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
289 views

Examples of Quot schemes

I'm studying Quot schemes, that I denote with $Quot_{N,X,P}$, with $N \in \mathbb{Z}$, $X \subset \mathbb{P}^d$ and $P \in \mathbb{Q}[t]$. So, I'm looking for explicit examples of Quot schemes. Could ...
3
votes
2answers
223 views

Induced maps of an automorphism of a curve on the tangent ot its jacobian and on its differential forms

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g$ over a field $k$ and $J$ be its jacobian (defined over $k$). Let $\sigma: C \rightarrow C$ be a $k$-automorphsm of $C$. This automorphism $\sigma$ ...