**3**

votes

**1**answer

245 views

### Torsion of elliptic curves is finite

Let $S$ be an integral 1-dimensional scheme with function field $K$.
Let $E$ be an elliptic curve over $K$. The torsion of $E$ over $K$ is not necessarily finite. As an example consider an elliptic ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

559 views

### Minimal number of generators for $A^n$

Let $A$ be a commutative ring and $n \in \mathbb{N}$. What is the minimal number $e_A(n)$ of generators of the $A$-algebra $A^n$? Here is what I already know (I can add proofs if necessary) from a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

362 views

### Finitely-affine morphisms; cohomological dimension of schemes

Let $f\colon X\to U$ be a morphism of Noetherian schemes such that the scheme $U$ is affine and the scheme $X$ is separated and, e.g., quasi-projective over affine. Let $U=\bigcup_\alpha U_\alpha$ be ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### (Mixed) Tate motives

Hi there,
in recent times I was reading texts about motives, and I want to ask
something about Tate motives which is not clear to me (as I came across
different definitions in different texts).
Let ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

199 views

### Segre class of cones and Base change of projective cones

I'm trying to work out a result in Fulton's intersection theory and I think I need the following basic result about base change of projective cones (whose support may not be the entire base scheme).
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

72 views

### Category of the smooth formal p-groups over a local ring

Fontaine showed in Asterisque 47-48 that the category of finite dimensional smooth formal $p$-groups over the ring $A=W(k)$ of the Witt vectors over a finite field $k$ is anti-equivalent to the ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

631 views

### Two definitions of smoothness?

This is confusing, there appear to be possibly two definitions of smoothness in algebraic geometry for a morphism $f: X \rightarrow Y$ of schemes of finite type over an arbitrary field $k$.
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

228 views

### Linear systems over non-algebraically closed field

Let $X$ be a regular, irreducible projective scheme, of finite type over an arbitrary field $k$. Both Weil divisors and Cartier divisors are defined on $X$ and naturally correspond. If $k$ is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

286 views

### G-torsor whose ring of regular functions is a field.

I already asked this question on stackexchange but didn't get any answer. Maybe it is better suited for mathoverflow.
Let $G$ be an affine group scheme (not necessarily of finite type) over ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

254 views

### Projective spaces with nonconstant regular functions

I can construct a scheme by patching that represents a projective space over an arbitrary ring. I can also prove that, if the ring is a Jacobson domain, the only regular functions on it are constants.
...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

428 views

### Irreducible “family” of relative effective divisors of a smooth morphism

Let $\pi:X\rightarrow Y$ be a smooth proper (assume projective if needed) morphism of schemes with $Y$ locally noetherian, and let $Z\subset X$ be an irreducible integral closed subscheme containing ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

266 views

### Induced maps of an automorphism of a curve on the tangent ot its jacobian and on its differential forms

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve of genus $g$ over a field $k$ and $J$ be its jacobian (defined over $k$). Let $\sigma: C \rightarrow C$ be a $k$-automorphsm of $C$. This automorphism $\sigma$ ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

579 views

### K-Theory of Schemes: Monoidal vs. Exact

There are several ways for defining the K-Theory of a category depending on which structure it admits. The K-Theory of schemes is commonly defined as the "group completion" of the category of ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

298 views

### When are points of a scheme a variety?

I think of an affine scheme over a field $k$ as an extension of the concept of a (possibly reducible) variety over $k$, by extending the affine $n$-space $k^n$ to $A^n$, where $A$ is a commutative ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

245 views

### Proper morphisms: Lie groups vs. group schemes

A Lie group can (often) be recovered as the $\mathbb{R}$-points of a group scheme. I am wondering if this parallelism carries over to proper actions.
In particular, let $G$ be a Lie group acting on a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

416 views

### Schemes associated to vector spaces

Let $k$ be a field. Let $F$ be a covariant functor on the category of $k$-algebras to the category of sets. Assume that the opposite functor $F^{op}$ on the category of affine $k$-schemes is a sheaf. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

171 views

### Putting two complete varieties in a family over the projective line

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two proper varieties of dimension $n$ over a field $k$. I'm looking for "reasonable" conditions, under which, there exists a proper and dominant morphism $f:V\to \mathbb{P}^1_k$, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

444 views

### technical question about a paper on Belyi's theorem

I'm trying to understand Belyi's theorem, as presented here: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/29785/1/b45h1koe.pdf
He defines a curve $X$ over a field $C$ to be a smooth projective geometrically connected ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

316 views

### What is known about “singularity types” in the Murphy's Law sense?

In his "Murphy's Law" paper, Vakil gives a definition equivalent to the following:
The singularity type of a pointed scheme $(X,p)$ its equivalence class, under the following equivalence relation: ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

566 views

### trying to understand the support of the sheaf of relative differentials

So I'm trying to understand a proof of Belyi's theorem from http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/29785/1/b45h1koe.pdf
specifically lemma 3.4.
The setup is as follows: Let $X/\mathbb{C}$ be a curve, and let $t ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

400 views

### Spreading out flat morphisms of schemes

In EGA IV, Chapter 8, projective systems of schemes (and morphisms between them) are considered. Let $(S_{\lambda})_{\lambda \in L}$ be a projective system of schemes and let $S$ be the projective ...

**35**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Connections between various generalized algebraic geometries (Toen-Vaquié, Durov, Diers, Lurie)?

As far as I know, there are four possible ways to generalize algebraic geometry by 'simply' replacing the basic category of rings with something similar but more general:
$\bullet$ In the approach by ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Do Disjoint Unions and Fiber Products Commute?

Do disjoint unions and fiber products commute?
In other words, is the following statement true?
Statement: Let $C$ be a category with (infinite) coproducts and fiber products. Let {$U_{i}$} be a ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Intuition behind generic points in a scheme

In a scheme, each point is a generic point of its closure. In particular each closed point is a generic point of itself (the set containing it only), but that's perhaps of little interest. A point ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

976 views

### explanation on a scheme which is not affine scheme

Hartshorne at the end of page 76 of his Algebraic Geometry book gives an example of a scheme which is not an affine scheme. The scheme is constructed by gluing two affine lines together along their ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

711 views

### Zariski tangent space of a scheme as the vector space of derivations

A standard lemma says that for a scheme $X$ of finite type over an algebraically closed field $k$ the set of derivations $\mathcal{O}_{X,x} \to \kappa(x)=k$, is isomorphic to the Zariski tangent ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

282 views

### Automorphism group of a scheme, 2

Hi,
I have the following two questions about automorphism groups of schemes.
First of all, let $S$ be a scheme, and $S^c$ its set of closed points. What
is the connection between $Aut(S)$ and ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

244 views

### not locally of finite type implies not universally closed?

A proper morphism is defined as separated, of finite type and universally closed. I wonder if the requirement of being of finite type is superfluous, i.e. if being not of finite type implies not ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

368 views

### Flat cover by a locally Noetherian scheme

Les S be a scheme. Does there exist a faithfully flat morphism T to S with T a locally Noetherian scheme?

**8**

votes

**1**answer

415 views

### Nonnegative additive functions on coherent sheaves

Let $(X,\mathcal{O}_X)$ be a Noetherian integral scheme and let $g$ be a (numerical) additive nonnegative function from coherent $\mathcal{O}_X$-modules to $[0,\infty)$. This question may be well ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

630 views

### Proper morphism sending coherent to coherent

Hello,
Is there a proof that the push forward by a proper morphism of Noetherian schemes sends coherent sheaves to coherent ones, without passing in the argument through projective morphisms?
Thank ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

325 views

### Flat family of normal schemes over a normal base

Let $f \colon X \to Y$ be a flat morphism of schemes over $\mathbb{C}$. Suppose that $Y$ is normal and that the fibers over the closed points of $Y$ are all normal.
Can I say something about the ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

481 views

### Are schemes pushouts of neighbourhoods and formal neighbourhoods?

Hello,
I have two questions, the first less important.
Let $X$ be a scheme, $x \in X$ a schematic point.
What is an elegant way of defining/characterizing the map $\operatorname{Spec}(O_{X,x}) ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Affine scheme on spec(A) of a ring A as the sheafification of a pre-sheave on spec(A)?

It is obvious that there is a parallel between the definition of structure sheaf of $\operatorname{Spec}(A)$
versus the sheafification of a pre-sheaf.
The definition of the sheaf $\mathscr F^+$ ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

458 views

### Codimension of points in fibered products

This is a question about a proof in Hartshorne, but let me try to formulate it without reference to Hartshorne.
Let $X$ be a noetherian scheme (which is also integral, separated and regular in ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Jacobian criterion for smoothness of schemes

An affine scheme $X = Spec(A)$ is said to be smooth if for any closed embedding
$X\subset\mathbf A^n$, of ideal $I$, it is true that, locally on $x\in X$, the ideal $I$
can be generated by a sequence ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

940 views

### Is the degree of a finite morphism stable by base change

Let $f:X\longrightarrow Y$ be a finite morphism of schemes of degree $n$. Let $S\to Y$ be a morphism of schemes.
Is the degree of the finite morphism $X\times_Y S \longrightarrow S$ equal to $n$?
If ...

**8**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### pushforward of locally free sheaf is locally free?

Hi,
Is there an example of a proper smooth map of schemes $f:X\to Y$ and a vector bundle $E$ on $X$
such that $f_*E$ is not locally free on $Y$?
Thanks

**1**

vote

**1**answer

277 views

### What kind of conditions we need to make morphisms of schemes quasi-projective?

What kind of conditions we need to make morphisms of schemes quasi-projective?
I am really interested in the following case:
If $f : X \to Y$ is an etale, of finite type and separated morphism of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

597 views

### Vector space structure on the tangent bundle of a scheme and relation to the tangent sheaf

First a word of warning: I am not a trained algebraic geometer, so it is possible (likely) that these questions are inappropriate for MO, if so: my apologies.
Said this: As far as I understand the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

302 views

### The restriction of a global section which is not a zero divisor is still an non-zero divisor?

Let X be a scheme. U is an open subscheme of X. Assume f is a global section on X which is not a zero divisor, then the restriction of f to U is still an non-zero divisor?
If X is affine, the answer ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

503 views

### Components of an exceptional divisor

Let $X$ be a projective variety and let $\tilde{X}$ be the blow-up of $X$ at a subscheme $Z$. Let $F$ be the exceptional divisor of $\tilde{X}$. I wonder:
What is the number of irreducible ...

**25**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Mikhalkin's tropical schemes versus Durov's tropical schemes

In Mikhalkin's unfinished draft book on tropical geometry, (available here) (page 26) he defines a notion of tropical schemes. It seems to me that this definition is not just a wholesale adaptation of ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

331 views

### Is the following morphism etale

Let $Y$ be a reduced noetherian $1$-dimensional scheme such that the normalization morphism $f:X \longrightarrow Y$ is finite. Let $g:Y\longrightarrow Z$ be a finite flat morphism, where $Z$ is a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

388 views

### Limits of reduced schemes question from Eisenbud and Harris

My question pertains to exercise II-16 in Eisenbud and Harris' "The geometry of Schemes". For an algebraically closed field $K$ the question is as follows:
Consider zero-dimensional subschemes ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

363 views

### When does Zariski closure commute with base change?

This should be an elementary question for anyone who knows SGA by heart (alas, not for me). It smells a lot like a descent problem. All schemes are supposed to be noetherian, and all morphisms to be ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

938 views

### Hartshorne's associated scheme for a variety

This question comes from Proposition 2.6 in Chapter 2 of Hartshorne's Algebraic Geometry. In my edition, that's on page 78.
For a variety $V$, Hartshorne defines the topological space $t(V)$ to ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

912 views

### morphisms of affine schemes question

So, in chapter 2, section 2 of Hartshorne, (prop 2.3), he describes how if $\varphi : A\rightarrow B$ is a homomorphism of rings, then you get a morphism of (affine schemes):
...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

691 views

### k rational points and base change

This could be a tricky question but could help me to better understand these very interesting things.
Let $X$ be an algebraic variety over a field $k$ (in the sense of a k-scheme like in Qing Liu), ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

727 views

### Closed points of valuation scheme

In the excellent book "Algebraic Geometry 1" of Görtz & Wedhorn, in exercise 3.14, one is asked to show that in the spectrum of a valuation ring with infinitely many primes, the complement of the ...