**5**

votes

**3**answers

721 views

### Intuition for rational functions

I asked this on mathematics stack exchange and did not receive answer . I hope it is good manners to ask here. Thank you very much.
Let $X$ be integral scheme and $\mathcal K$ sheaf of rationnal ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

627 views

### Scheme theoretic closure of a locallly closed subscheme

In the book "The Geometry of Schemes" of Eisenbud and Harris, page 26, it is said that the scheme theoretic closure of a closed subscheme Z of an open subscheme U is the closed subscheme of X defined ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

633 views

### Is this finite surjective flat morphism of 2 dimensional schemes a local complete intersection

Let $X$ be a regular integral noetherian scheme of dimension 2 and let $D$ be a simple normal crossings divisor in $X$.
EDIT: Let $U = X-D$.
Consider a finite etale morphism $V\longrightarrow U$ ...

**22**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### What is the inverse image sheaf necessary for in algebraic geometry?

Given a continuous map $f \colon X \to Y$ of topological spaces, and a sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ on $Y$, the inverse image sheaf $f^{-1}\mathcal{F}$ on $X$ is the sheafification of the presheaf
$$U \mapsto ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

397 views

### Ever seen a ringed group?

A locally ringed space is a common generalization of schemes and various manifolds. I am wondering about a locally ringed group which should be a common generalization of group schemes and various Lie ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

764 views

### Ringed and locally ringed spaces

A pair $(X,O_X)$ is a ringed space if $X$ is a topological space and $O_X$ is a sheaf of rings. If every stalk $O_{X,x}$ is a local ring, then we say that $(X,O_X)$ is a locally ringed space.
In the ...

**15**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### When is an irreducible scheme quasi-compact?

The standard examples of schemes that are not quasi-compact are either non-noetherian or have an infinite number of irreducible components. It is also easy to find non-separated irreducible examples. ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

283 views

### Are morphisms of schemes generically affine

Let $f \colon X \to Y$ be a morphism of schemes, where $X$ and $Y$ are separated integral Noetherian schemes. Does there necessarily exist a nonempty open affine $U \subset Y$ such that $f^{-1}(U)$ is ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

884 views

### Replacing Spectrum with Valuations of a Field - An Alternative to Schemes?

A scheme is defined to be a sheaf which is locally isomorphic to the spectrum of a ring. The idea behind this is that given an affine coordinate ring of a variety over an algebraically closed field, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

722 views

### Model of a scheme regular over the generic point

Let all schemes below be excellent.
Let $X_0$ be a regular (not necessarily smooth, projective) non-empty scheme of finite type over the generic point $\eta$ of a regular connected scheme $S$. As the ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### If $f:X\to S$ is a universal homeomorphism, is $f':X\times_S X\to X$ a nil-immersion?

If $f:X\to S$ is a universal homeomorphism, is $f':X\times_S X\to X$ always a nil-immersion? This seems to be easy, yet possibly I miss something. Should I give references to this fact in a paper?

**5**

votes

**1**answer

558 views

### For a morphism f from a regular scheme, should there exist an open subscheme U of the target such that fibre of f at each point of U is regular

For a finite type morphism $f:X\to S$, $X$ is a regular scheme, should there always exist an open (dense) subscheme $U\subset S$ such that the fibre of $f$ at each Zariski point of $U$ is regular? All ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

744 views

### Can a scheme be defined by gluing open affines such that the intersections are affine?

One way to think of a manifold is as a family of of open subsets $U_i \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, together with distinguished subsets $V_{ij} \subset U_i$ and isomorphisms $\psi_{ij}: V_{ij} \to V_{ji}$ ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

222 views

### Colimit of an etale diagram of schemes

It is known that the category of schemes is not cocomplete (e.g. see this question: Colimits of schemes). However, do diagrams of schemes for which every morphism is etale have colimits? More ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

906 views

### on the genus of a function field

Let $K$ be an algebraic function field of one variable. Then we can define its genus. On the other hand, it can also be seen as a scheme, so we can define the arithmetic and geometric genus. Could ...

**17**

votes

**6**answers

1k views

### Categorical construction of the category of schemes?

The answer to the following question is probably well known or the question itself is well known not to have a reasonable answer. In the latter case could you please let me know what the "right" ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

368 views

### Extending properties of commutative rings to schemes

I'm trying to pin down the various ways we can extend a property of commutative rings to a corresponding property for schemes. Let $P$ be a property of commutative rings. We could define a scheme ...

**5**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### When is the push-forward of the structure sheaf locally free

Let $f:X\longrightarrow Y$ be a morphism of noetherian schemes. Under what conditions is $f_\ast \mathcal{O}_X$ a locally free $\mathcal{O}_Y$-module?
Example 1. Suppose that $f$ is affine. Then ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

215 views

### Restriction of Proj S to D(f) is isomorphic to Spec S_{(f)}

$S$ is a graded ring (over non-negative integers), $f \in S_{+}$ is a homogeneous element of positive degree, $D(f)$ the elements of Proj $S$ not containing $f$. I don't see the bijection between ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

652 views

### Philosophy : seeking examples illuminating deeper geometric ideas behind base change of schemes

So for certain base changes, it's clear that 'base change' really means base change from high school : for example, if a curve is defined over a field, it will be of course defined over any extension ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

820 views

### Closed subschemes and pulling back the structure sheaf via the inclusion map

I would just like a clarification related to closed subschemes.
If $(X,{\cal O}_X)$ is a locally ringed space and $A\subset X$ is any subset with the subspace topology then $i^{-1}{\cal O}_X$ will be ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

523 views

### Quotient morphisms in the category of schemes

Which morphisms of schemes (or varieties, if you prefer) $\pi: X \rightarrow Y$ are quotient morphisms, i.e. satisfy the following universal property (*)?
(*) For any morphism $f:X \rightarrow Z$, ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

818 views

### What is the difference between Grothendieck groups K_0(X) vs K^0(X) on schemes?

More specifically, I was wondering if there are well-known conditions to put on $X$ in order to make $K_0(X)\simeq K^0(X)$. Wikipedia says they are the same if $X$ is smooth. It seems to me that you ...

**11**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Extending vector bundles on a given open subscheme

Many people seem to know the following. Personally, I don't quite understand it though and maybe I'm wrong. It's the fact that "a vector bundle on an open subscheme extends in only one way to a vector ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

466 views

### When singular points of a reduced scheme are not dense in it?

A stupid AG question: could singular (Zarisky) points be dense in a reduced (Noetherian) scheme $S$? If yes, which 'standard' restrictions on $S$ could ensure that this does not happen? For example, ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

403 views

### Given a morphism from X to Y, when is the morphism from O_Y to the pushforward of O_X injective

I would like to know under what condition the morphism $\mathcal{O}_Y\longrightarrow f_\ast \mathcal{O}_X$ induced by a morphism $f:X\longrightarrow Y$ of schemes is injective.
Let me give an example ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

542 views

### Quasi-coherent sheaves of O_X-algebras

Let $X$ be a quasi-compact scheme and let $\mathcal{A}$ be a quasi-coherent sheaf of $\mathcal{O}_X$-algebras on $X$. $X$ being quasi-compact, we can write $X = U_1 \cup \dots \cup U_n$ with each ...

**20**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Ring-theoretic characterization of open affines?

Background
Recall that, given two commutative rings $A$ and $B$, the set of morphisms of rings $A\to B$ is in bijection with the set of morphisms of schemes $\text{Spec}(B)\to\text{Spec}(A)$. ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

1k views

### Properties stable under base change in algebraic geometry

I remember to have seen a big list in the EGA of properties $(P)$ such that:
if $f : X \to Y$ has $(P)$ then, $f_{(S')} : X_{(S')}\to Y_{(S')}$ has $(P)$, where $f_{(S')}$ is the morphism $f$ after a ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

693 views

### Construction of the petit Zariski topos out of the gros topos of a scheme

Let S be a scheme. Let (Sch/S) be a small category of schemes over S (including essentially all finitely presented schemes affine over S). Let E = (Sch/S)zar denote the gros Zariski topos with its ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

583 views

### Functoriality of Hironaka's resolution of singularities

Is Hironaka's resolution of singularities functorial? I know that the resolution is not unique, there are flips etc. But if we have a rational map f:X---> Y, can we chose resolutions X'->X and Y'->Y ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

934 views

### Images and Monomorphisms of Schemes

If $X$ is an object in an arbitrary category, there is a natural definition of a subobject of $X$ as a monomorphism into $X$ (or really an equivalence class of monomorphisms). If $X$ is a scheme, ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Infinite projective space

Is infinite (say complex) projective space a scheme? More generally, can schemes have infinite cardinal dimension? It seems that infinite dimensional projective space is not a manifold, since it is ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

330 views

### morphism of schemes that is closed at topological space level

Suppose $X\stackrel f\to Y$ be a morphism of finite type $k$-schemes, where $k$ is a field; for the time being let me say that $k$ is algebraically closed.
Then one knows that $f$ takes $k$-valued ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

655 views

### Functorial characterization of morphisms of schemes

This question is akin in spirit to this one:
Functorial characterization of open subschemes?
In the above MO question, a "functorial" characterization is given for closed immersions and open ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

425 views

### Relationship between Line Bundles with isomorphic ring of sections

Suppose two positive holomorphic line bundles $L_1 \to X_1, L_2\to X_2$ over two projective complex manifold $X_1, X_2$ have isomorphic ring of sections $R=R_1=R_2$ where ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

581 views

### Affine morphisms in different settings coincide?

1.If we identify two schemes $X$ and $Y$ as two presheaves of set on category of affine schemes.($Aff:=\text{CRing}^{op}$) If there is a morphism as natural transformations $f:X\to Y$, then, how to ...

**19**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### How much of scheme theory can you visualize?

I am just starting to learn about schemes and algebraic geometry in general, but I am finding it very hard to visualize things. For example, affine schemes that look like varieties are easily ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Closed vs Rational Points on Schemes

Background: When Ueno builds the fully faithful functor from Var/k to Sch/k he mentions that the variety $V$ can be identified with the rational points of $t(V)$ over $k$. I know how to prove this on ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### A book on locally ringed spaces?

Are there enough interesting results that hold for general locally ringed spaces for a book to have been written? If there are, do you know of a book? If you do, pelase post it, one per answer and a ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Nonalgebraic complex varieties

I'm turning here (a variation of) a question asked by a friend of mine. For the purposes of this question I will say that a compact complex manifold is projective if it is isomorphic to a subvariety ...

**29**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### A closed subscheme of an open subscheme that is not an open subscheme of a closed subscheme?

A morphism $f: V \rightarrow X$ of schemes is a locally closed immersion if it can be factored into a closed immersion followed by an open immersion. It is not hard to show that if $f$ is an open ...

**19**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Reduced scheme and closed points

In The Geometry of Schemes by Eisenbud and Harris, Exercise I-32 asks one to show that a scheme $X$ is reduced if and only if every local ring $\mathcal{O}_{X,p}$ is reduced for closed points $p \in ...

**21**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Commutative rings to algebraic spaces in one jump?

Typically, in the functor of points approach, one constructs the category of algebraic spaces by first constructing the category of locally representable sheaves for the global Zariski topology ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

873 views

### Non-simply-connected smooth proper scheme over Z?

Source
This question came up in the discussion between Kevin Buzzard and Minhyong Kim in the comments to Smooth proper scheme over Z. It was 2 weeks ago, so I took the liberty of posting it as ...

**27**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### Arbitrary products of schemes don't exist, do they?

Thinking of arbitrary tensor products of rings, $A=\otimes_i A_i$ ($i\in I$, an arbitrary index set), I have recently realized that $Spec(A)$ should be the product of the schemes $Spec(A_i)$, a ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

937 views

### The category of finite locally-free commutative group schemes

I'm trying to understand the properties of the category $FL/S$ of finite locally-free commutative group schemes over an arbitrary base-scheme $S$. I know it is not in general an abelian category: Over ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

320 views

### Can an algebraic space fail to have a unviersal map to a scheme?

Let $\mathcal{X}$ be an algebraic space. Can it happen that there does not exist a map $\mathcal{X} \to X$ with $X$ a scheme that is initial for maps from $\mathcal{X}$ to schemes? Are there ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

530 views

### Constructing a degeneration (as a group scheme) of G_m to G_a

SGA 3, expose 12, remark 1.6 says that one can easily construct a group scheme over a discrete valuation ring with generic fiber Gm and special fiber Ga.
What is such an example?

**15**

votes

**4**answers

577 views

### What are the Benefits of Using Algebraic Spaces over Schemes?

I have heard that algebraic spaces have better formal properties than schemes. What are these benefits? Also, is there a natural way to go straight from affine schemes to algebraic spaces bypassing ...