The first purpose of schemes theory is the geometrical study of solutions of algebraic systems of equations, not only over the real/complex numbers, but also over integer numbers (and more generally over any commutative ring with 1).It was finalized by Alexandre GROTHENDIECK, during the 1950's and ...

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2
votes
0answers
49 views

Quasi-finite morphisms of stacks

Let $f:X\to Y$ be a morphism of ``nice" stacks over $\mathbf C$ such that the induced morphism on coarse moduli spaces is quasi-finite. Is $f$ quasi-finite? By a "nice" stack I mean a smooth finite ...
5
votes
1answer
569 views

A naive algebraic geometry question

Suppose $X$ is a scheme over a ring $A$, $B$ is an $A$-algebra, and $X\times_AB$ is affine. I am looking for conditions on $A$ and $B$ (and perhaps the structure morphism of $X$ over $A$) that will ...
8
votes
2answers
334 views

Is the category of schemes wellpowered? regularly wellpowered?

Wellpowered means that for every scheme $X$, the subobject lattice of monormophisms $Y \to X$ is essentially small; regularly wellpowered means that for every scheme $X$, the regular subobject lattice ...
3
votes
0answers
174 views

Given a morphism of schemes, when does bijective + isomorphic tangent spaces = isomorphism?

Let $f: X \to Y$ be a morphism of schemes over a field $k$ such that $f$ induces (1) a bijection between their closed points, and (2) an isomorphism of their Zariski tangent spaces. Under these ...
3
votes
0answers
126 views

Does the following first order approximation of the Kapranov-Vasserot infinitesimal loops still do any job?

Let $X$ be a scheme over, say, a field $k$. Let us denote $\mathrm{Spec}(k[\varepsilon])$ by $T$ and its (unique) $k$-point by $0\in T$. Call the first order infinitesimal cone $C_{T,0}(X)$ over $X$ ...
8
votes
1answer
336 views

Classical algebraic varieties VS $k$-schemes VS schemes

We know that there is an equivalence of categories between the two following categories: $1)$ Classical varieties over $k$, where $k$ is an algebraically closed field. (Informally I mean locally ...
1
vote
0answers
67 views

Holomorphic convergence conditions on $\mathbb C((z))$-valued points of a group $G$

Let $G$ be a complex, connected, simply connected, semisimple group. I'm trying to compare the following two spaces: The free loop space $LG$ of $G$, and the $\mathbb C((z))$-valued points of $G$, ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

Normal cones and the geometry of closed subschemes

Let $S$ be a closed subscheme of a smooth variety $M$ and suppose its ideal sheaf factors as $\mathscr{I}_S=\mathscr{I}_{S_1}\cdot \mathscr{I}_{S_2}$ for closed subschemes $S_1$ and $S_2$. Then what ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

Examples of non-projective morphisms with projective fibres

Let $X\to S$ be a morphism of noetherian schemes such that, for all $s$ in $S$, the morphism $X_s\to $ Spec $k(s)$ is projective. Then it doesn't follow that $X\to S$ is projective in general. In ...
0
votes
2answers
213 views

Pullback of a constant sheaf

Let $\varphi:X\to Y$ be a surjective morphism of schemes which are connected and of finite type. Let $A$ be an abelian group, $\mathscr{F}$ be the constant sheaf on $X$ with fibers $A$ and ...
3
votes
1answer
306 views

Orbits of group scheme action

I am interested in orbits of the action of a group scheme on a scheme and I'm particularly interested in the following special case: Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, let $G$ be an affine ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Cohen-Macaulayness of the scheme of centralizer

Let $G$ be a simply connected group over an algebraically closed field $k$, and $I:=\{(g,\gamma)\in G\times G\vert~ g\gamma=\gamma g\}$ the scheme of centralizer. Is $I$ a Cohen-Macaulay scheme ...
2
votes
1answer
277 views

Examples of Quot schemes

I'm studying Quot schemes, that I denote with $Quot_{N,X,P}$, with $N \in \mathbb{Z}$, $X \subset \mathbb{P}^d$ and $P \in \mathbb{Q}[t]$. So, I'm looking for explicit examples of Quot schemes. Could ...
3
votes
2answers
250 views

Varieties that do not extend to flat families

Is it easy to give an example of a function field $K$ and a smooth proper variety $X$ over $K$ that does not extend to a flat scheme over $B$, where $B$ is a smooth proper variety with function field ...
4
votes
3answers
171 views

Subset of Spec(A) realized as inverse image of some Spec(B)

Let $A$ be a (commutative) ring and $U$ be an arbitrary subset of $\mathrm{Spec}(A)$. Do there exist a ring $B$ and a ring homomorphism $\varphi\colon A\to B$ such that ...
5
votes
0answers
185 views

Differential Geometry of (Non-Abelian) Gerbes in the language of Brylinski

Context In an effort to have a definition for connection on a non-abelian gerbe, in the style of Brylinski, I am reading Breen and Messing's Differential Geometry of Gerbes [BM]. It seems that there ...
3
votes
0answers
159 views

Does a section of a morphism of schemes give a subscheme?

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of schemes (or algebraic spaces), and $s:Y\rightarrow X$ is a section to $f$, i.e. $fs=1_{Y}$. Question: Is $s$ an (closed) immersion?
1
vote
1answer
144 views

Are Isom-schemes geometrically connected

This question is about properties of Isom-schemes that are well-known over algebraically closed fields. Let $K$ be a field of characteristic zero, let $C$ be a smooth projective geometrically ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

on Neron defect of smoothness for groups schemes

Let $G$ a semisimple simply connected group over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $\gamma\in G(\mathbb{C}[[t]])$ such that $\gamma$ is regular semisimple on $G(\mathbb{C}((t)))$. We consider $I_{\gamma}$ the group ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

open subset in constructible set of divisors

Let a smooth projective curve $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$. Let a pair $(x, D)$ a pair xith a closed point $x$ and $D$ an effective divisor on $X$, such that $d_{x}:=m_{x}(D)\neq 0$. Let $N=\deg (D)$ and ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Infinite residue field extensions and algebraic closure of residue fields

Let $X$ be a $K$-scheme of finite type over a field $K$, let $L$ be an extension field of $K$, let $X_L := L \times_K X$, and let $p:X_L \rightarrow X$ be the projection. For each $x \in X_L$ we get ...
2
votes
1answer
158 views

Closed points of field extension of k-scheme under projection

I really couldn't figure out the answer to the following question: Let $X$ be a scheme of finite type over a field $k$ and let $K$ be an extension field of $k$. Let $X_K := K \times_k X$ be the base ...
3
votes
1answer
188 views

When is the gluing of two finite type affine Z-schemes affine?

Let $A$ and $B$ be finitely generated $\mathbf{Z}$-algebra. Suppose that there exists two coprime integers $m$ and $n$ and an isomorphism of $\mathbf{Z}$-algebra ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

change of topologies and functoriality

Let X be a scheme and $\epsilon_X:X_{FL}\to X_{et}$ be the morphism of topoi from the big flat topos to the small etale topos. Let $f:X\to Y$ be a morphism of schemes. I denote $f_{top}$ the induced ...
2
votes
0answers
58 views

semicontinuity of the conductor defined by Temkin

We say a principal pair $(X,\mathcal{I})$ where $X=Spec(A)$ is affine scheme and $\mathcal{I}=\tilde{I}$ where $I\subset A$ is a principal ideal generated by $\pi$ wich is a non zero divisor. For a ...
2
votes
1answer
462 views

Can I conclude that a morphism of vector bundles is zero if it is so fiberwise?

Let $f: X \rightarrow Y$ be a flat morphism of locally noetherian schemes and $\varphi: \mathcal U \rightarrow \mathcal V$ a map of vector bundles (locally free sheaves of finite rank) on $X$. I want ...
0
votes
0answers
108 views

Reducibility of fibers over closed points implies reducibility of the generic geometric fiber?

Suppose that $f\colon X\to Y$ is a proper (or even projective) morphism of (reduced) algebraic varieties over an algebraically closed field $k$. If fibers of $f$ over all closed points of $Y$ are ...
0
votes
0answers
68 views

On the intersection complex

Let $j:U\subset X$ an open immersion between $k$ schemes integral of finite type. Let $K\in D_{c}^{b}(X,\bar{\mathbb{Q}}_{l})$ a complex of $l$-adic sheaves, such that we have that $IC_{U}$ is a ...
2
votes
0answers
107 views

scheme of sections over complete local ring

Let $f:X\rightarrow S= Spec(k[[\pi]])$ a finite type faithfully flat morphism. Let $U\subset X$ be an open subset such that $U$ is smooth and surjective on $S$. We consider the $k$-scheme ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

smooth morphism from a finite type source

Let $f: X\rightarrow Y$ a smooth morphism over a field $k$. We assume that $X$ is locally of finite type, does it imply that $Y$ is also locally of finite type?
1
vote
0answers
71 views

ind scheme and Jacobson property

Let $G$ a semisimple group over $k$ and $k$ algebraically closed. Let $G(k((t)))$ the corresponding ind-scheme, does it satisfies the Jacobson property, say closed points are dense in it?
0
votes
0answers
88 views

on the fibers over closed points

Let $X$ and $S$ $k$-schemes of finite type . ($k$ a field) and $U$ an open subset of $X$ Let $f:X\rightarrow S$ a $k$-morphism of finite type. We assume that for any closed point $s\in S(\bar{k})$, ...
2
votes
0answers
128 views

fpqc, formal smoothness

Based on Possible formal smoothness mistake in EGA, let $X$ and $Y$ $k$-schemes ($k$ a field), let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a fpqc morphism such that $f$ is formally smooth and $X$ formally smooth, do we ...
2
votes
1answer
185 views

flat and finite type morphisms

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a faithfully flat morphism between $k$-schemes. We assume that the fibers are locally of finite type, do we have that $f$ is locally of finite type?
5
votes
0answers
107 views

formal smooth morphism with a formal smooth source

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a morpism between $k$-schemes ( $k$ a field). We suppose that X is formally smooth and f is formally smooth and surjective. Do we have that $Y$ is formally smooth? Or if it's ...
2
votes
0answers
104 views

descent for formally smooth maps

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ a morphism between schemes and $Y'\rightarrow Y$ a fpqc morphism such that the base change $f'$ of $f$ to $Y'$ is formally smooth, does it imply that $f$ is formally smooth?
1
vote
0answers
64 views

closed subscheme of ind scheme

Let $X$ a ind-scheme of ind-finite type and ind-affine. (e.g, take a k- smooth, affine scheme of finte type $T$, $C$ a smooth projective curve over $k$ and $x$ a closed point, then $X=T(C-x)$ verifies ...
0
votes
2answers
183 views

open immersion between affine spaces

Let $j:\mathbb{A}^{n}\rightarrow\mathbb{A}^{n}$ an open immersion over a field $k$. Is it an isomorphism?
0
votes
0answers
157 views

on flat morphisms

Let $j:U\rightarrow X$ an open immersion between k-schemes of finite type and $f:X\rightarrow S$ a surjective k-morphism of finite type. We suppose that $f\circ j:U\rightarrow S$ is faithfully flat, ...
0
votes
1answer
166 views

When is the determinant of the push-forward of an ample line bundle ample

Let $f:X\to S$ be a "nice" morphism of "nice" schemes. Let $L$ be an ample line bundle on $X$. When is $\det f_\ast L$ also ample? A "nice" morphism could be anything from "finite type separated" to ...
9
votes
1answer
353 views

Is there a direct proof that affine schemes are fppf quasi-compact?

Let $A$ be a (commutative) ring. A family $(B_i)_{i\in I}$ of $A$-algebras is said to be an fppf cover if it satisfies three properties: (1) each $B_i$ is flat as an $A$-module, (2) each $B_i$ is ...
6
votes
1answer
330 views

What about schemes built up out of graded rings?

Toen-Vaquié construct a category of schemes relative to some complete cocomplete closed symmetric monoidal category $C$. Affine schemes correspond by definition 1:1 to commutative monoid objects in ...
2
votes
0answers
119 views

Regular subscheme of a projective limit of schemes

Let $S\cong \varprojlim S_i$, where $S$ and all $S_i$ are separated regular excellent of finite Krull dimension. Let $Z$ be a closed regular subscheme of $S$. As Theorem 8.8.2 of EGA4 shows, $Z$ comes ...
4
votes
1answer
217 views

Which schemes can be presented as limits of smooth varieties?

I can prove a certain statement for any scheme that can be presented as the limit of an essentially affine (filtering) projective system of smooth varieties over a perfect field such the connecting ...
2
votes
0answers
108 views

Dualizing sheaf in mixed characteristic for regular schemes.

I've been looking many places, but everything I find seems to either talk about (a) varieties or (b) extremely general situations with dualizing complexes. As I am not in the situation of (a) (i.e. ...
0
votes
0answers
133 views

How would you call a subscheme of a smooth $S$-scheme?

In my preprint I propose to call $X/S$ quasi-smooth if $X$ can be embedded into a smooth $X'/S$. Does this sound fine? Upd. So, smoothly embeddable is better? Is it ok to call a morphism smoothly ...
5
votes
0answers
137 views

If $X,Y$ are regular and of finite type over $S$, can $X\times _S Y$ be embedded into a regular $S$-scheme?

It seems to be well-known (see Is there an example of a variety over the complex numbers with no embedding into a smooth variety?) that a general finite type $S$-scheme does not embedd into a regular ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Why do I get a morphism $f_P: Spec \mathcal{O}_K \to \mathcal{X}$ for every point $P\in X(K)$? How does this morphism look like?

Hello, my question probably isn't too hard, but I can't find the answer. Let $K$ be a number field, $\mathcal{X} /\mathcal{O}_K$ be an arithmetic surface, which is a regular model for a projective, ...
0
votes
0answers
135 views

Quicker way to show that the restriction to a open subvariety is again proper?

Dear all, Let $f: X \rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of projective varieties over $\mathbb{C}$. Also let $V \subset Y$ be a nontrivial open subvariety and set $U:= f^{-1}(V)$. I would like to show that ...
4
votes
0answers
210 views

Is the pushout of smooth varieties along a smooth closed subvariety again a variety?

The following question is motivated by a desire to find a rough analog in algebraic geometry of the usual notion of gluing of smooth bordisms. Suppose k is an algebraically closed field of ...