The sampling tag has no usage guidance.

**14**

votes

**2**answers

881 views

### Sampling from the Birkhoff polytope

The set of $n\times n$ real, nonnegative matrices whose rows and columns sum to one forms the well-known Birkhoff polytope
Recently someone asked me if I knew
How to sample (in polynomial time) ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

140 views

### Uniform Sampling Subject to Linear Equalities and Non-Negativity Constraint

I'm trying to sample uniformly on the intersections of faces of several simplicies, with all coordinates being non-negative. That is, given constraints
$$A\vec{w}=\vec{b} \ \ and \ \ \vec{w} \geq ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Random Sampling a linearly constrained region in n-dimensions…

Hi,
So here is my problem:
Given a nonlinear, discontinous, cost function $f(x_1,x_2,..,x_N)$ along with linear constraints $x_n \ge 0, \forall n$
$x_n \le c_n$
and $\sum_{n=1}^N x_n = 1$ find an ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Sampling uniformly from a sphere

Let $B^{n} _p= ${$ (x_1, \dots, x_n) : |x_1|^p + \dots |x_n|^p = 1 $} be the unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$ in the $\ell^p$ norm.
If $X_1,\dots,X_n$ are iid $\exp(1)$ -distributed random variables, then ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

153 views

### Sampling from a Convex Body with Many Extremal Points

Let $p_{1}, \ldots, p_{N}$ be a collection of points in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$. I would like to sample uniformly from the convex hull of these $N$ points in an `efficienct' way. In my setting, I have $n$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### Exactly sampling from a distribution with access to the probabilities only

There is a discrete distribution where integers, $k$, from $1$ to $n$ occur with probability $p_{k}$, all $p_{k}$ are unknown.
Rather than having access to the distribution we have access to $n$ ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

91 views

### Sample integer points of cross-polytope uniformly

For $r,d\in\mathbb{N}$, let
$$C_{r,d}=\{x\in\mathbb{Z}^d: \|x\|_1\le r\}\subset\mathbb{Z}^d$$
be the set of integer points of the $d$-dimensional cross-polytope with radius $r$.
What is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

272 views

### Is it possible to sample uniformly on the surface of a high-dimensional polytope?

There are some pretty simple methods to do uniform sampling on the surface of high-dimensional spheres or cubes.
Are there any methods that sample uniformly on the surface of a high-dimensional ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

172 views

### Sampling Theorem for non-bandlimited Functions

The classical Shannon sampling theorem states that
a bandlimited function with $\mbox{supp } \hat f\subset [-1/2,1/2]$ can be uniquely determined by its samples $(f(i))_{i\in \mathbb{Z}}$ (The symbol ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

355 views

### Approximating Probability Distribution by Sampling

Consider a discrete probability distribution over $n$ events. Assume that the probabilistic kernel is a black box, that is, we can only sample from it without knowing anything about the type or ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

407 views

### When can you describe a population and its component subpopulations with the same parametric family of distributions?

I believe that it is often the case that you are trying to select the best probability distribution to use to describe some phenomenon you are studying, and you have data not only for a population, ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

625 views

### Sampling without replacement until hitting a subset

I randomly sample uniformly from $ \{1,..,N \}$ without replacement until drawing a number $ \leq k$. Denote the expected number of draws by $R(N,k)$. I want a good approximation for $\sum_{k=1}^N ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

243 views

### Sampling point uniformly at random satisfying equality constraints

First of all, I apologize in advance if the question has already been asked in some way on this site and/or if there is a widely known solution to this problem.
The description of my problem is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### Probabilities involving Beurling density

I am interested in calculating probabilities involving Beurling densities. Since it's likely probabilists are not familiar with the definitions, I give them below.
Definitions.
A metric space is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### Estimating mean and variance of a distribution based on error-prone estimates of its cdf

Suppose I have some random variable $X$ taking values in $[a, b]$ with unknown distribution (I am happy to assume the distribution is smooth, though it would be nice to not have to).
I have a ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

244 views

### Sampling from a partition of a hypercube by convex polytopes.

I have a binary space partitioning (BSP) tree which recursively partitions a hypercube using linear hyperplanes. That is, a hyperplane splits the hybercube in half, creating two convex polytopes. Each ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

216 views

### Discretizing a cosine function?

I'd like to start by noting that for some fixed natural $N$ basis functions for my system will be generated by $f(k,x)$ as defined and explained here or in numerous other sources:
$$f(k,x) = \sqrt2 ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

161 views

### Sampling uniformly from all possible line segments of a given length that fit inside a container

Consider that task of randomly placing a line segment of some length $L$ near a plane s.t. a point $p$ at the center of the line segment is at most a distance $H$ from the plane and intersections ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

287 views

### A sampling and learning question

Suppose there is an oracle that returns a number $b \in \mathbb{Z}_{n}$ whenever I press the button.
We have $b = a + e$, where $a \in \mathbb{Z}_n$ is a fixed number and $e$ is sampled according to ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

37 views

### 2-step sampling from a conditional density

The setting is as follows:
We are given two random variables $X : \Omega \to \mathbb{R}$ and $\Theta : \Omega \to T$ for some 'parameter space' $T \subset \mathbb{R}$, and
1) we know the density of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

52 views

### Simulate a graph from a certain distribution

I am wondering if anyone can indicate whether the following is a solved problem. I don't care about time of the algorithm currently.
Consider a general probability distribution F on simple graphs ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

67 views

### Stochastic process inference from partial observations

Consider a set $U$. My signal is a piece-wise constant "function"
$Sig: t \mapsto s$, i.e. the signal at time $t$ equals to some subset
$s \subset U$. One can see $Sig(t)$ as a stochastic process.
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### Monte Carlo estimator with autocorrelated samples

Given an integration problem $I=\int{f(x)dx}$, we can construct an ordinary Monte Carlo estimator as
$E[I]=\sum\limits_i\frac{f(x_i)}{p(x_i)}$
where the samples $x_i$ are usually i.i.d. and drawn ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

432 views

### transform a polynomial into another one upto a constant

I have a polynomial $p(x)=a_Nx^N+a_{N-1}x^{N-1}+\dots+a_0$. I want to convert this into another polynomial of same order, say $b_Ny^N+b_{N-1}y^{N-1}+\dots+b_0$. Is it possible to find a transformation ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Uniform sampling hemisphere and project in a specific direction [closed]

Hi,
I need to generate a 'uniform sample' over an hemisphere and once done project it in a specific vector direction.
I have try the following, but it produce some errors... maybe you have an idea ?
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Supremum distribution of band-limited functions with random spectrum

Consider the properties of band-limited functions $f_N:[-\pi,\pi]\to\mathbb{R}$ defined through their Fourier series $f_N(x)=\sum_{n=-N}^N c_n e^{inx}$ where $c_n=a_n+i b_n$ and both ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

26 views

### Efficient sampling from a polytope with large number of contraints [duplicate]

As far as I know, the most popular way to sample from a polytope (in H-representation)
\begin{equation}
\mathcal{P} := \{z \in \mathbb{R}^n | (Az)_j \le b_j\; \forall j=1,2,\ldots,m\}
\end{equation}
...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

440 views

### Estimating a sum

Sorry for the vague title but I couldn't find a better one.
I want to compute the sum $S = \frac{1}{N}\sum_{i=1}^N c_i x_i$ where $c_i$s are known positive constants. The problem is that computing ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

16 views

### How to calculate quantization step of signal? [on hold]

Given the problem:
Define the quantization step of a signal x(t) = 2*t + 1 on interval [3,7].
The number of quantization levels is equal to 32.
A) 0.5
B) 0.20
C) 1
D) 0.12
E) 0.25