The sampling tag has no wiki summary.

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63 views

### Sampling point uniformly at random satisfying equality constraints

First of all, I apologize in advance if the question has already been asked in some way on this site and/or if there is a widely known solution to this problem.
The description of my problem is ...

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**0**answers

117 views

### Probabilities involving Beurling density

I am interested in calculating probabilities involving Beurling densities. Since it's likely probabilists are not familiar with the definitions, I give them below.
Definitions.
A metric space is ...

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29 views

### How to sample from the ratio between two distributions?

I want to sample a lot of $\theta$s from the density function below:
$$ r(\theta) = \frac{prior(\theta)}{Z}\frac{\int p(\theta,z_1)dz_1}{\int q(\theta,z_2)dz_2} $$
where $Z$ is the constant for ...

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**1**answer

66 views

### Estimating mean and variance of a distribution based on error-prone estimates of its cdf

Suppose I have some random variable $X$ taking values in $[a, b]$ with unknown distribution (I am happy to assume the distribution is smooth, though it would be nice to not have to).
I have a ...

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**1**answer

141 views

### Exactly sampling from a distribution with access to the probabilities only

There is a discrete distribution where integers, $k$, from $1$ to $n$ occur with probability $p_{k}$, all $p_{k}$ are unknown.
Rather than having access to the distribution we have access to $n$ ...

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**1**answer

118 views

### Monte Carlo estimator with autocorrelated samples

Given an integration problem $I=\int{f(x)dx}$, we can construct an ordinary Monte Carlo estimator as
$E[I]=\sum\limits_i\frac{f(x_i)}{p(x_i)}$
where the samples $x_i$ are usually i.i.d. and drawn ...

**3**

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**2**answers

221 views

### Approximating Probability Distribution by Sampling

Consider a discrete probability distribution over $n$ events. Assume that the probabilistic kernel is a black box, that is, we can only sample from it without knowing anything about the type or ...

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129 views

### Sampling from a Convex Body with Many Extremal Points

Let $p_{1}, \ldots, p_{N}$ be a collection of points in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$. I would like to sample uniformly from the convex hull of these $N$ points in an `efficienct' way. In my setting, I have $n$ ...

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**2**answers

116 views

### Sampling uniformly from all possible line segments of a given length that fit inside a container

Consider that task of randomly placing a line segment of some length $L$ near a plane s.t. a point $p$ at the center of the line segment is at most a distance $H$ from the plane and intersections ...

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63 views

### Stochastic process inference from partial observations

Consider a set $U$. My signal is a piece-wise constant "function"
$Sig: t \mapsto s$, i.e. the signal at time $t$ equals to some subset
$s \subset U$. One can see $Sig(t)$ as a stochastic process.
...

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**1**answer

166 views

### Discretizing a cosine function?

I'd like to start by noting that for some fixed natural $N$ basis functions for my system will be generated by $f(k,x)$ as defined and explained here or in numerous other sources:
$$f(k,x) = \sqrt2 ...

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**2**answers

251 views

### A sampling and learning question

Suppose there is an oracle that returns a number $b \in \mathbb{Z}_{n}$ whenever I press the button.
We have $b = a + e$, where $a \in \mathbb{Z}_n$ is a fixed number and $e$ is sampled according to ...

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**1**answer

374 views

### transform a polynomial into another one upto a constant

I have a polynomial $p(x)=a_Nx^N+a_{N-1}x^{N-1}+\dots+a_0$. I want to convert this into another polynomial of same order, say $b_Ny^N+b_{N-1}y^{N-1}+\dots+b_0$. Is it possible to find a transformation ...

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**2**answers

438 views

### Sampling without replacement until hitting a subset

I randomly sample uniformly from $ \{1,..,N \}$ without replacement until drawing a number $ \leq k$. Denote the expected number of draws by $R(N,k)$. I want a good approximation for $\sum_{k=1}^N ...

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**1**answer

399 views

### When can you describe a population and its component subpopulations with the same parametric family of distributions?

I believe that it is often the case that you are trying to select the best probability distribution to use to describe some phenomenon you are studying, and you have data not only for a population, ...

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**1**answer

1k views

### Uniform sampling hemisphere and project in a specific direction [closed]

Hi,
I need to generate a 'uniform sample' over an hemisphere and once done project it in a specific vector direction.
I have try the following, but it produce some errors... maybe you have an idea ?
...

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**1**answer

248 views

### Is it possible to sample uniformly on the surface of a high-dimensional polytope?

There are some pretty simple methods to do uniform sampling on the surface of high-dimensional spheres or cubes.
Are there any methods that sample uniformly on the surface of a high-dimensional ...

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**2**answers

946 views

### Sampling uniformly from a sphere

Let $B^{n} _p= ${$ (x_1, \dots, x_n) : |x_1|^p + \dots |x_n|^p = 1 $} be the unit ball in $\mathbb{R}^n$ in the $\ell^p$ norm.
If $X_1,\dots,X_n$ are iid $\exp(1)$ -distributed random variables, then ...

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**2**answers

438 views

### Estimating a sum

Sorry for the vague title but I couldn't find a better one.
I want to compute the sum $S = \frac{1}{N}\sum_{i=1}^N c_i x_i$ where $c_i$s are known positive constants. The problem is that computing ...

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**3**answers

2k views

### Random Sampling a linearly constrained region in n-dimensions…

Hi,
So here is my problem:
Given a nonlinear, discontinous, cost function $f(x_1,x_2,..,x_N)$ along with linear constraints $x_n \ge 0, \forall n$
$x_n \le c_n$
and $\sum_{n=1}^N x_n = 1$ find an ...

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**0**answers

221 views

### Sampling from a partition of a hypercube by convex polytopes.

I have a binary space partitioning (BSP) tree which recursively partitions a hypercube using linear hyperplanes. That is, a hyperplane splits the hybercube in half, creating two convex polytopes. Each ...

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759 views

### Sampling from the Birkhoff polytope

The set of $n\times n$ real, nonnegative matrices whose rows and columns sum to one forms the well-known Birkhoff polytope
Recently someone asked me if I knew
How to sample (in polynomial time) ...