**10**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is there a purely group-theoretic reformulation of an equivalence of subgroups?

There is an equivalence relation between inclusion of finite groups coming from the world of subfactors:
Definition: $(H_{1} \subset G_{1}) \sim(H_{2} \subset G_{2})$ if $(R^{G_{1}} \subset ...

**10**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### Bijection between irreducible representations and conjugacy classes of finite groups

Is there some natural bijection between irreducible representations and conjugacy classes of finite groups (as in case of $S_n$)?

**16**

votes

**1**answer

513 views

### Examples of finite groups with “good” bijection(s) between conjugacy classes and irreducible representations?

For symmetric group conjugacy classes and irreducible representation both are parametrized by Young diagramms, so there is a kind of "good" bijection between the two sets. For general finite groups ...

**26**

votes

**9**answers

3k views

### What is significant about the half-sum of positive roots?

I apologize for the somewhat vague question: there may be multiple answers but I think this is phrased in such a way that precise answers are possible.
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple Lie algebra ...

**39**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Is “semisimple” a dense condition among Lie algebras?

The "Motivation" section is a cute story, and may be skipped; the "Definitions" section establishes notation and background results; my question is in "My Question", and in brief in the title. Some ...

**26**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Are there “real” vs. “quaternionic” conjugacy classes in finite groups?

The complex irreps of a finite group come in three types: self-dual by a
symmetric form, self-dual by a symplectic form, and not self-dual at all.
In the first two cases, the character is real-valued, ...

**13**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Why are the characters of the symmetric group integer-valued?

I remember one of my professors mentioning this fact during a class I took a while back, but when I searched my notes (and my textbook) I couldn't find any mention of it, let alone the proof.
My best ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

699 views

### Complexes of representations with complementary central charges

This is another question asking for references. There is an important phenomenon of correspondence between (complexes of) representations of infinite-dimensional Lie algebras with the complementary ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

797 views

### Orbit structures of conjugacy class set and irreducible representation set under automorphism group

let G be a [EDIT: FINITE] group. Suppose C is the set of conjugacy classes of G and R is the set of (equivalence classes of) irreducible representations of G over the complex numbers.
The ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

209 views

### The existence of a finite dimensional Lie algebra with a given symmetric invariant metric

The question is motivated by a more broad perspective in another MO post and here, but here we would like to understand a specific case (our question potentially connects to / is motivated b Quantum ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Finite dimensional Lie algebra with non-degenerate invariant bilinear forms $\Omega_{ab}$

Firstly, my apology to MO experts that I am in a more science/physics background (a PhD). So please feel free refine/modify/comment my language if I have different math accents than yours. From ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

297 views

### Complete classification of six dimensional non-semi simple Lie algebra

I would aim to know the complete classification of 6 dimensional non-semi simple Lie algebra (here the dimension stands for the generators; or the dimension $\leq 6$).
In this paper, in page 7, it ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

321 views

### Decomposing the conjugacy representation of Sym$(n)$ for small $n$

I am trying to compute the decomposition of the conjugacy representation of some small symmetric groups. Perhaps someone has undertaken a similar calculation.
My own calculations are quite slow, ...

**4**

votes

**4**answers

357 views

### Structure of the adjoint representation of a (finite) group (Hopf algebra) ?

Every group acts on itself by conjugation $h \mapsto g h g^{-1}$. Respectively considering functions on a group we obtain a linear representation.
Question 1: what is known about this representation ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

185 views

### An upper bound for the maximal subgroups at fixed index?

Let us call a subgroup an injective homomorphism between groups.
I warn the reader that a subgroup designates here an inclusion $(H \subset G)$, not $H$ alone.
A subgroup $H \subset G$ is ...

**15**

votes

**17**answers

7k views

### Learning about Lie groups

Can someone suggest a good book for teaching myself about Lie groups? I study algebraic geometry and commutative algebra, and I like lots of examples. Thanks.

**52**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Does linearization of categories reflect isomorphism?

Given a category $C$ and a commutative ring $R$, denote by $RC$ the $R$-linearization: this is the category enriched over $R$-modules which has the same objects as $C$, but the morphism module between ...

**24**

votes

**5**answers

4k views

### Definitions of Hecke algebras

There is a definition of Iwahori-Hecke algebras for Coxeter groups in terms of generators and relations and there is a definition of Hecke algebras involving functions on locally compact groups. Are ...

**23**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### Ubiquity of the push-pull formula

The push-pull formula appears in several different incarnations. There are, at least, the following:
1) If $f \colon X \to Y$ is a continous map, then for sheaves $\mathcal{F}$ on $X$ and ...

**37**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### 5/8 bound in group theory

The odds of two random elements of a group commuting is the number of conjugacy classes of the group
$$ \frac{ \{ (g,h): ghg^{-1}h^{-1} = 1 \} }{ |G|^2} = \frac{c(G)}{|G|}$$
If this number exceeds ...

**18**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Particle Physics and Representations of Groups

This question is asked from a point of complete ignorance of physics and the standard model.
Every so often I hear that particles correspond to representations of certain Lie groups. For a person ...

**24**

votes

**6**answers

3k views

### Why the Killing form?

I'm teaching a short summer course on algebraic groups and it's time to talk about the Killing form on the Lie algebra. The students are all undergrads of varying levels of inexperience, and I try to ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### How to Compute the coordinate ring of flag variety?

Let $G$ be algebraic group over $\mathbb(C)$(semisimple), $B$ be Borel subgroup. consider flag variety $G/B$. It is known that $G/B$ is projective variety. So one consider the homogeneous coordinate ...

**18**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Why all irreducible representations of compact groups are finite-dimensional ? [EDIT: Subtleties: AC,etc]

About 20 years ago I read in textbook that
"all irreducible representations of compact groups are finite-dimensional", but
me and the proof of this fact never met each other :)
May I ask dear MO ...

**15**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Open problems/questions in representation theory and around ?

What are open problems in representation theory ?
What are the sources (books/papers/sites) discussing this ?
Any kinds of problems/questions are welcome - big/small, vague/concrete.
Some estimation ...

**15**

votes

**2**answers

876 views

### Status of (Global) Langlands Conjecture for $GL_2$ over $\mathbb{Q}$

Apologies if this question has already been dealt with on MO. I am wondering about the status of the global Langlands conjectures for $GL_2$ over the rational numbers. How close is humanity to the ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Is there a machinery describing all the irreducible representations ?

Suppose we have a finite dimensional Lie algebra $g$ï¼Œ Is there a machinery to describe all the irreducible representation of $g$.
Consider toy example: $sl_{2}$ or $sl_{3}$, how do we describe all ...

**22**

votes

**3**answers

725 views

### Rep Theory Consequences of Bott--Weil--Borel

I've been getting interested in the (Bott--)Borel--Weil theorem lately. As a (mainly) geometer it is very interesting to see representation appearing (from nowhere as far as I can see) in the theory ...

**13**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Applications of group theory to math. biology (pharmacology) ?

Are there applications of group theory (take it broadly: representation theory, Lie algs., q-groups, whatever ... ) to math. biology ?
I am in particular interested about applications to pharmacology ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

809 views

### When is a coadjoint orbit an integrable system (in a weak sense explained below)?

Let $X$ be an affine holomorphic symplectic variety of dimension $2n$, with the associated Poisson bracket { , }. Let's say it's an integrable system when there are $n$ algebraically independent ...

**20**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Subgroups of GL(2,q)

I have been wondering about something for a while now, and the simplest incarnation of it is the following question:
Find a finite group that is not a subgroup of any $GL_2(q)$.
Here, $GL_2(q)$ ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

659 views

### Introductory References for Geometric Representation Theory

Would anyone be able to recommend text books that give an introduction to Geometric Representation Theory and survey papers that give an outline of the work that has been done in the field? I'm ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

501 views

### Why not _co_free modules?

Let $R$ be a ring, and $R\text{-Mod}$ its category of all left modules. There is a "forgetful" functor $\operatorname{Forget}: R\text{-Mod} \to \text{AbGp}$, which is additive, continuous, and ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Algorithm to check is representation irreducible ? Algorithm to decompose the reducible one ?

Question 1 Given a representation of a finite group, what algorithm can be used to check is it irreducible or not ?
(Main case - complex numbers, comments on other cases are also welcome. "Given" ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Basis-free definition of Casimir element?

Let $V$ be a finite-dimensional vector space and let $\mathfrak g \subset \mathfrak{gl}(V)$ be a representation of a semisimple Lie algebra on $V$. Let $e_1, \dots, e_n$ be a basis for $V$. Let $e_1', ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What are tame and wild hereditary algebras?

What are tame and wild hereditary algebras?
Are they related to hereditary rings? (Those are rings for which every left (resp. right) ideal is projective, equivalently, for which every left (resp. ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

447 views

### Symbols of elliptic operators

First let me state the problem, then I'll explain its origin and finally, I'll ask the main question..
Problem S. Fix a positive integer $n$. Find all the pairs $(V, S)$, whith the following ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

667 views

### Hilbert 90 for algebras

Let $L\diagup K$ be a Galois extension of fields satisfying $\left[L:K\right] < \infty$. Let $B$ be a finite-dimensional (as a $K$-vector space) $K$-algebra. Then, the Galois group $G$ of $L\diagup ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

538 views

### Norm continuous infinite dimenisonal representation of a Lie group

Given a Lie group G and an infinite dimensional Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. In the literature I have only encountered the two following notions of a representation $\pi$ of G on $\mathcal{H}$ :
1) ...

**21**

votes

**3**answers

873 views

### How can classifying irreducible representations be a “wild” problem?

Let $q$ be a prime power and $U_n(\mathbb{F}_q)$ be the group of unitriangular $n\times n$-matrices. I've read and heard in several places (see e.g. this mathoverflow question) that classifying ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### What is a special parahoric subgroup?

Let me take this question again from the top.
I would like to know what a special parahoric subgroup is.
I think this is a "real" question, though not an especially good one -- it indicates my ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

746 views

### What is the Zariski closure of the space of semisimple Lie algebras?

Given Leonid Positselski's excellent answer and comments to this question, I expect that the present one is a hard question. Recall that the Lie algebra structures on a (finite-dimensional over ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

422 views

### Etymology of cuspidal representations

In the literature on representation theory of $GL_2(\Bbb F_p)$ and $GL_2(\Bbb Q_p)$, the irreducible representations with trivial Jacquet module are often called "cuspidal" or "supercuspidal". Why are ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

702 views

### Definitions of Reductive and Semisimple Groups

I'm a graduate student. I've been reading Knapp's two books Representation Theory of Semisimple Groups and Lie Groups Beyond an Introduction. He seems to give wildly different definitions for the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

635 views

### unitary irreps of O(p,q)

I am interested in the irreducible unitary representations of the orthogonal groups $O(p,q)$. By $O(p,q)$ I mean the real Lie groups which preserve the quadratic form of signature $(p,q)$ in ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Reference request: representation theory of the hyperoctahedral group

I was wondering if someone knows a good reference for the representation theory of the hyper-octahedral group $G$. The hyper-octahedral group $G$ is defined as the wreath product of $C_2$ (cyclic ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

323 views

### If associated-graded of a filtered bialgebra is Hopf, does it follow that the original bialgebra was Hopf?

Warning: older texts use the word "Hopf algebra" for what's now commonly called "bialgebra", whereas now "Hopf" is an extra condition. So as to avoid any confusion, I'll give my definitions before ...

**8**

votes

**4**answers

673 views

### Is there a definition of analogue Weyl group for Lie super algebra?

I heard from some people working in Lie super algebra that there was no proper definition for Weyl group of Lie super algebra. I do not know Lie super algebra at all. But When I searched on Google, I ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

875 views

### Basis for the space of Harmonic homogeneous polynomial in N variables.

Hello,
Does someone know an explicit basis of the space of harmonic homogeneous polynomial in N variables.
When $N=3$, if I'm not mistaking Legendre polynomial allow to write an explicit basis.
Is ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

392 views

### p-adic representations of groups

Hi,
is there a possibility to classify irreducible representations of (finite) groups over $ \mathbb{Z_p} $
with $p\neq 2$ a prime? Can one get the number of the irred. representations here? I tried ...