**16**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### Bijection between irreducible representations and conjugacy classes of finite groups

Is there some natural bijection between irreducible representations and conjugacy classes of finite groups (as in case of $S_n$)?

**11**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is there a purely group-theoretic reformulation of an equivalence of subgroups?

There is an equivalence relation between inclusion of finite groups coming from the world of subfactors:
Definition: $(H_{1} \subset G_{1}) \sim(H_{2} \subset G_{2})$ if $(R^{G_{1}} \subset ...

**19**

votes

**2**answers

999 views

### Examples of finite groups with “good” bijection(s) between conjugacy classes and irreducible representations?

For symmetric group conjugacy classes and irreducible representation both are parametrized by Young diagramms, so there is a kind of "good" bijection between the two sets. For general finite groups ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

697 views

### A dual version of a theorem of Øystein Ore in group theory

Let $(H \subset G)$ be an inclusion of finite groups.
This post is a dual version for the Generalization of a theorem of Øystein Ore in which it's proved:
Theorem: $\mathcal{L}(H\subset G)$ ...

**31**

votes

**11**answers

4k views

### What is significant about the half-sum of positive roots?

I apologize for the somewhat vague question: there may be multiple answers but I think this is phrased in such a way that precise answers are possible.
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple Lie algebra ...

**26**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Are there “real” vs. “quaternionic” conjugacy classes in finite groups?

The complex irreps of a finite group come in three types: self-dual by a
symmetric form, self-dual by a symplectic form, and not self-dual at all.
In the first two cases, the character is real-valued, ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

889 views

### Orbit structures of conjugacy class set and irreducible representation set under automorphism group

let G be a [EDIT: FINITE] group. Suppose C is the set of conjugacy classes of G and R is the set of (equivalence classes of) irreducible representations of G over the complex numbers.
The ...

**23**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### What's the state of affairs concerning the identification between quantum group reps at root of unity, and positive energy affine Lie algebra reps?

In his paper [1], Finkelberg used Kazhdan-Lusztig's massive work [4,5,6,7,8] to prove that $Rep^{ss}(U_q\mathfrak g)$ (the semisimplification of the category of finite dimensional reps of ...

**20**

votes

**17**answers

11k views

### Learning about Lie groups

Can someone suggest a good book for teaching myself about Lie groups? I study algebraic geometry and commutative algebra, and I like lots of examples. Thanks.

**27**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### Ubiquity of the push-pull formula

The push-pull formula appears in several different incarnations. There are, at least, the following:
1) If $f \colon X \to Y$ is a continous map, then for sheaves $\mathcal{F}$ on $X$ and ...

**35**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Open problems/questions in representation theory and around?

What are open problems in representation theory?
What are the sources (books/papers/sites) discussing this?
Any kinds of problems/questions are welcome - big/small, vague/concrete.
Some estimation ...

**32**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### Why the Killing form?

I'm teaching a short summer course on algebraic groups and it's time to talk about the Killing form on the Lie algebra. The students are all undergrads of varying levels of inexperience, and I try to ...

**44**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Is “semisimple” a dense condition among Lie algebras?

The "Motivation" section is a cute story, and may be skipped; the "Definitions" section establishes notation and background results; my question is in "My Question", and in brief in the title. Some ...

**22**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### Why are the characters of the symmetric group integer-valued?

I remember one of my professors mentioning this fact during a class I took a while back, but when I searched my notes (and my textbook) I couldn't find any mention of it, let alone the proof.
My best ...

**23**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Order of products of elements in symmetric groups

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$. Is it true that for any $a, b, c \in \mathbb{N}$ satisfying
$1 < a, b, c \leq n-2$ the symmetric group ${\rm S}_n$ has elements of order $a$ and $b$
whose product has order ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

712 views

### Why are Dynkin diagrams characterized by their eigenvalues?

The Dynkin diagrams An, Dn, E6,
E7, E8 can be characterized among finite simple connected
graphs by the property that their eigenvalues (that is, the eigenvalues of their adjacency matrices) all have ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Is there a machinery describing all the irreducible representations ?

Suppose we have a finite dimensional Lie algebra $g$， Is there a machinery to describe all the irreducible representation of $g$.
Consider toy example: $sl_{2}$ or $sl_{3}$, how do we describe all ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Introductory References for Geometric Representation Theory

Would anyone be able to recommend text books that give an introduction to Geometric Representation Theory and survey papers that give an outline of the work that has been done in the field? I'm ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

774 views

### Hilbert 90 for algebras

Let $L\diagup K$ be a Galois extension of fields satisfying $\left[L:K\right] < \infty$. Let $B$ be a finite-dimensional (as a $K$-vector space) $K$-algebra. Then, the Galois group $G$ of $L\diagup ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

849 views

### Complexes of representations with complementary central charges

This is another question asking for references. There is an important phenomenon of correspondence between (complexes of) representations of infinite-dimensional Lie algebras with the complementary ...

**22**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### How can classifying irreducible representations be a “wild” problem?

Let $q$ be a prime power and $U_n(\mathbb{F}_q)$ be the group of unitriangular $n\times n$-matrices. I've read and heard in several places (see e.g. this mathoverflow question) that classifying ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

690 views

### Norm continuous infinite dimenisonal representation of a Lie group

Given a Lie group G and an infinite dimensional Hilbert space $\mathcal{H}$. In the literature I have only encountered the two following notions of a representation $\pi$ of G on $\mathcal{H}$ :
1) ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Definitions of Reductive and Semisimple Groups

I'm a graduate student. I've been reading Knapp's two books Representation Theory of Semisimple Groups and Lie Groups Beyond an Introduction. He seems to give wildly different definitions for the ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Representation theory over Z

In his answer to my question here, Victor Protsak quoted the following result:
Let $C_2$ be a finite cyclic group of order $2$. Then every $\mathbb{Z}[C_2]$ structure on $\mathbb{Z}^n$ is isomorphic ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

567 views

### Generators of invariant polynomials of semisimple Lie algebra

Suppose $\mathfrak{g}$ is a complex semi-simple Lie algebra. By a theorem of Chevalley, we know that $S(\mathfrak{g})^\mathfrak{g}$, i.e. the $\mathfrak{g}$ invariant polynomials, is generated by $l$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### The existence of a finite dimensional Lie algebra with a given symmetric invariant metric

The question is motivated by a more broad perspective in another MO post and here, but here we would like to understand a specific case (our question potentially connects to / is motivated b Quantum ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

415 views

### Finite dimensional Lie algebra with non-degenerate invariant bilinear forms $\Omega_{ab}$

Firstly, my apology to MO experts that I am in a more science/physics background (a PhD). So please feel free refine/modify/comment my language if I have different math accents than yours. From ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

316 views

### Characterization of Frobenius complements

I have learned that Frobenius complements are characterized (among finite groups) by having a fixed point free complex representation.
That is, a finite group $G$ is a Frobenius complement if and only ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

395 views

### Quadratic Casimir of fundamental irreps of simply-laced Lie algebras

I have the following question, motivated by the expression for the character of level 1 highest weight integrable representations of simply-laced affine algebras (in terms of the string function). It ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

836 views

### unitary irreps of O(p,q)

I am interested in the irreducible unitary representations of the orthogonal groups $O(p,q)$. By $O(p,q)$ I mean the real Lie groups which preserve the quadratic form of signature $(p,q)$ in ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

175 views

### Euler Subgroups and Automorphic L-functions

Recently, I have read about the Whittaker expansion for $\mathrm{GL}_n$ and was struck by the utility of the mirabolic subgroup, $\mathrm{P}_n\subset \mathrm{GL}_n$ of matrices with bottom row $(0\; 0 ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

335 views

### If all real conjugacy classes are strongly real, then all real irreps are “strongly real”(symmetric), true ?

Question Is true that if all real conjugacy classes of a finite group are strongly real, then all its real irreducible representations (irreps) are "strongly real"(symmetric) ? And vice verse ?
...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

345 views

### A maximal element, where Schur gives a minimal element

Let me recall a result due to I. Schur, which I learnt from F. Goldberg's answer to my MO question Hadamard-like inequalites for positive definite symmetric matrices. If $H$ is a subgroup of $\frak ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

348 views

### A problem with pointwise stabilizer subgroups of fixed-point subspaces II

Definitions: Let $W$ be a representation of a group $G$, $K$ a subgroup of $G$, and $X$ a subspace of $W$.
Let the fixed-point subspace $W^{K}:=\{w \in W \ \vert \ kw=w \ , \forall k \in K \}$.
Let ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

506 views

### Complete classification of six dimensional non-semi simple Lie algebra

I would aim to know the complete classification of 6 dimensional non-semi simple Lie algebra (here the dimension stands for the generators; or the dimension $\leq 6$).
In this paper, in page 7, it ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

401 views

### Decomposing the conjugacy representation of Sym$(n)$ for small $n$

I am trying to compute the decomposition of the conjugacy representation of some small symmetric groups. Perhaps someone has undertaken a similar calculation.
My own calculations are quite slow, ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

809 views

### Structure of the adjoint representation of a (finite) group (Hopf algebra) ?

Every group acts on itself by conjugation $h \mapsto g h g^{-1}$. Respectively considering functions on a group we obtain a linear representation.
Question 1: what is known about this representation ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

251 views

### Generalization of a theorem of Burnside to non-compact groups

The following two theorems are often attributed to Burnside:
Theorem Let $G$ and $H$ be compact groups. Then the irreducible representations of $G\times H$ are precisely the representations ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

623 views

### Decomposing representations of finite groups

Let $G$ be a finite group, $p$ a prime number. We denote by $\mathbb{F}_p$ the field of cardinality $p$. Let $V$ be an infinite dimensional representation of $G$ over $\mathbb{F}_p$.
Must there be ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

424 views

### How to find a nontrivial system of anticommuting matrices ?

Given $k \geq 1$, what is the minimal $n$ (if it exists) such that there're matrices $A_1, \cdots A_k \in M_n(\mathbb{C}) $ satisfying $\forall i,j \quad A_i A_j = - A_j A_i$ and $A_1 \times A_2 ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

210 views

### An upper bound for the maximal subgroups at fixed index?

Let us call a subgroup an injective homomorphism between groups.
I warn the reader that a subgroup designates here an inclusion $(H \subset G)$, not $H$ alone.
A subgroup $H \subset G$ is ...

**9**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### A sum involving derivatives of Vandermonde

Consider the standard Vandermonde $V(x_1, \ldots, x_n) = \prod_{i < j} (x_i - x_j)$.
I am intersted in the calculation of the following expression for fixed $k$:
$$\sum_i (x_i)^k (d/dx_i)^k V(x_1 , ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

533 views

### Invariant polynomials for a product of algebraic groups

Let $G_1$ and $G_2$ be connected reductive algebraic groups defined over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $V_1$ and $V_2$ be irreducible representations of $G_1$ and $G_2$ respectively. I'm interested in general ...

**50**

votes

**7**answers

12k views

### A learning roadmap for Representation Theory

As Akhil had great success with his question, I'm going to ask one in a similar vein. So representation theory has kind of an intimidating feel to it for an outsider. Say someone is familiar with ...

**31**

votes

**5**answers

5k views

### Definitions of Hecke algebras

There is a definition of Iwahori-Hecke algebras for Coxeter groups in terms of generators and relations and there is a definition of Hecke algebras involving functions on locally compact groups. Are ...

**42**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### 5/8 bound in group theory

The odds of two random elements of a group commuting is the number of conjugacy classes of the group
$$ \frac{ \{ (g,h): ghg^{-1}h^{-1} = 1 \} }{ |G|^2} = \frac{c(G)}{|G|}$$
If this number exceeds ...

**53**

votes

**3**answers

3k views

### Does linearization of categories reflect isomorphism?

Given a category $C$ and a commutative ring $R$, denote by $RC$ the $R$-linearization: this is the category enriched over $R$-modules which has the same objects as $C$, but the morphism module between ...

**20**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Particle Physics and Representations of Groups

This question is asked from a point of complete ignorance of physics and the standard model.
Every so often I hear that particles correspond to representations of certain Lie groups. For a person ...

**25**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### How does this relationship between the Catalan numbers and SU(2) generalize?

This is a question, or really more like a cloud of questions, I wanted to ask awhile ago based on this SBS post and this post I wrote inspired by it, except that Math Overflow didn't exist then.
As ...

**27**

votes

**4**answers

3k views

### Induction and Coinduction of Representations

I'd like to understand the general framework of induction and coinduction of representations. If G is a finite group and H a subgroup, I know that there is a restriction functor from representations ...