# Tagged Questions

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### Fundamental invariants for root subsystems

Let $\Phi$ be an irreducible root system of rank $\ell$. The fundamental invariants of $\Phi$ is a set of $\ell$ integers $d_1, \cdots, d_\ell$ canonically attached to $\Phi$.
Now suppose $\Psi$ is ...

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**3**answers

275 views

### Representations of the two dimensional non-abelian Lie algebra

I would like to know a complete description of the indecomposable representations of the two dimensional non-abelian Lie algebra over the complex numbers. The finite dimensional representations would ...

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164 views

### Generators of invariant polynomials of semisimple Lie algebra

Suppose $\mathfrak{g}$ is a complex semi-simple Lie algebra. By a theorem of Chevalley, we know that $S(\mathfrak{g})^\mathfrak{g}$, i.e. the $\mathfrak{g}$ invariant polynomials, is generated by $l$ ...

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**1**answer

151 views

### When is the Ad (Adjoint Representation) Morphism a Closed Map

Given a Lie group $\mathfrak{G}$ with finite centre and with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, I am looking at a simple proof that negative definite Killing form implies compactness. This proof is given ...

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65 views

### Examples of Lie subalgebras of universal enveloping algebras

I'm looking for non-trivial examples of triples $(\mathfrak g, L, \psi)$, where $\mathfrak g$ and $L$ are finite-dimensional non-abelian Lie algebras over field $\Bbbk$ and $\psi\colon U_{\mathfrak ...

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191 views

### Weyl's construction for symplectic groups--an exercise in Fulton and Harris's book

This is an exercise in section 17.3 in Fulton and Harris's book:Representation theory-a first course.
Let $V=\mathbb{C}^{2n}$ and $Sp(2n)$ be the symplectic group w.r.t the nondegenerate bilinear ...

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280 views

### Sums of degrees of irreducible complex characters

The sum of the degrees of the irreducible complex characters (not the square sum which is the group order) is relevant to determine the dimension of a maximal torus of the Lie algebra associated to ...

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**1**answer

124 views

### Weight multiplicities for some particular representations of SO(2m).

I am looking for explicit formulas for the weight multiplicities of some particular irreducible representations of $SO(2m)$.
It is possible that they have been already computed; in this case I will ...

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121 views

### Invariant planes of a nilpotent matrix with two Jordan blocks of size two

Describe all the invariant 2-dimensional subspaces of $\mathbb{C}^4$ (or $\mathbb{R}^4$) of the nilpotent map
$$
N = \begin{pmatrix}
0 & 1 & & \\
0 & 0 & & \\
& & 0 ...

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176 views

### PBW proof proposal

One version of the PBW theorem states:
$\omega $:$\mathfrak {S} \mapsto \mathfrak {E} $ is an isomorphism of algebras.
I am curious if this is a possible proof for the PBW theorem, part is taken ...

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377 views

### Characterising the adjoint representation of SU(N)

One can show that the adjoint representation of $\mathrm{SU}(n)$, the image of the map $\mathrm{Ad}:\mathrm{SU}(n) \rightarrow \mathrm{Aut}(\mathrm{su(n)})\subset \mathrm{GL}(\mathrm{su}(n))$, is an ...

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99 views

### Non-semisimple Lie algebra tensors

Let $\mathfrak{L}$ be a non-semisimple Lie algebra. Let $T_i$ be its generators. As usual, define the structure constants $C_{ij}^k$ by $[T_i,T_j]=C_{ij}^kT_k$ and the metric tensor $g_{jm}$ by ...

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300 views

### Quadratic Casimir of fundamental irreps of simply-laced Lie algebras

I have the following question, motivated by the expression for the character of level 1 highest weight integrable representations of simply-laced affine algebras (in terms of the string function). It ...

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**0**answers

136 views

### Generators for invariant tensors of lie algebras

EDITED FOR (hopeful) CLARITY:
For a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ (over $\mathbb{C}$) and its adjoint group G, the $G$-invariant polynomials on $\mathfrak{g}$ are linear combinations of products ...

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**1**answer

168 views

### Lie group GL(4) representation decomposition

Let $V$ be the defining representation of $GL(4,\mathbb C)\to GL(V)$ with $V=\mathbb{C}^4$.
Let $Ext\;V$ be the exterior square of $V$ which is a 6-dim repsentation.
My question: How does $$V\otimes ...

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**1**answer

176 views

### R-linear representations of sl(2,C)

Is there some good reference for the classification of finite-dimensional ${\mathbb R}$-linear (as opposed to ${\mathbb C}$-linear) representations of $\mathfrak{sl}_2{\mathbb C}$?
Equivalently, what ...

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**1**answer

151 views

### “Quantum Littlewood-Richardson” Rule?

Let $\frak{g}$ be a complex semi-simple Lie algebra, and $\lambda,\mu \in P^+$ two positive dominant weights with corresponding irreducible representations $V(\lambda)$ and $V(\mu)$. The tensor ...

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88 views

### Decomposition of a representation of SU(N) into representations of SU(N-1)

Let $\omega_k$ be the highest weight of the $k$-th antisymmetric representation of $\mathfrak{su}(N)$. Consider an irreducible representation of $\mathfrak{su}(N)$, characterized by its highest ...

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44 views

### A canonical map Aut$_{\mathsf{Lie}_R}(\mathfrak{n} \rtimes_\pi \mathfrak{g}) \to$ Aut$_{\mathsf{Lie}_R}(\mathfrak{n})$

Let $\mathfrak{n}$, $\mathfrak{g} \in \mathsf{Lie}_R$ be two Lie algebras over a commutative ring $R$, s.t. $\mathfrak{g}$ acts on $\mathfrak{n}$ as a derivation: $\pi:\mathfrak{g} \to ...

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97 views

### (Graded) Lie algebras with “nice” irreps

"(The only Lie algebras for which) all finite-dimensional representations are completely reducible (are the semisimple Lie algebras)" (Chapman, here on MO). Evidently this can't no longer hold when ...

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102 views

### On Eigenvalues of the symmetric linear transformation related to a lie algebra's representation?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a quadratic (finite dimensional) lie algebra and $\rho:\mathfrak{g}\rightarrow \mathfrak{gl}(W)$ be an anti-symmetric representation of $\mathfrak{g}$ on a finite dimensional ...

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142 views

### Replacing the Lie commutator with something else [closed]

Take a vector space $V={A,B,C,...}$ (of matrices), and the commutator $[A,B]=AB-BA$, then a Lie algebra of $V$ is characterized by $[V,V]$ staying in $V$. (Loosely speaking.)
What happens ...

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**1**answer

226 views

### labeling state vectors in representation space of a simple lie algebra

Given a simple lie algebra (over ${\mathbb C}$ or ${\mathbb R}$). What is the number
of operators such that their eigenvalues sufficiently label all state vectors in the algebra's representation ...

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43 views

### Analytic vectors of elliptic elements of the enveloping algebra in a strongly continuous representation of a Lie group

Let $G$ be a semi-simple real Lie group, and $\rho$ a strongly continuous unitary representation of $G$ in a Hilbert space $H$. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra and $d\rho$ be the infinitesimal ...

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214 views

### Heisenberg subalgebras of affine Lie algebras

It seems to be "well-known" that (infinite-dimensional) Heisenberg subalgebras of an affine Lie algebra $\hat{\mathfrak{g}}$ corresponding to a finite-dimensional simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ of ...

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53 views

### “Unicolor” irreps (R is in RxR)

If $R$ occurs in the Clebsch-Gordan series $R\bigotimes{R}$, I call an irrep $R$ of a Lie algebra "unicolor" - for the obvious reason that you can color any cubic graph with $R$ only and get (at least ...

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230 views

### Generalizations of Lie algebras

I often stumble over the term "Lie superalgebra" (= "Lie algebra with a $\mathbb{Z}_2$ grading"). Obvious question: What about $\mathbb{Z}_3$ grading (and so on)? Is a Lie algebra with $\mathbb{Z}_n$ ...

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134 views

### adjoint action of a Levi subalgebra

We work over an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0.
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a reductive Lie algebra and let $\mathfrak{p}\supset\mathfrak{m}$ be a parabolic subalgebra, respectively a Levi ...

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343 views

### Origin of symbols used for half-sum of positive roots in Lie theory?

The Weyl character formula is a central result in the finite dimensional representation theory of semisimple Lie groups, algebraic groups, Lie algebras. Related questions on MO include these here ...

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142 views

### A question on the resolution of parabolic Verma module $M_I(\lambda)$ in BGG category O

I am reading Humphrey's book "Representations of semisimple Lie algebras in the BGG Category O" on Page 189, Proposition 9.6, where he remarked that "Note that if we had developed the full BGG ...

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**1**answer

218 views

### The existence of a finite dimensional Lie algebra with a given symmetric invariant metric

The question is motivated by a more broad perspective in another MO post and here, but here we would like to understand a specific case (our question potentially connects to / is motivated b Quantum ...

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**1**answer

230 views

### Finite dimensional Lie algebra with non-degenerate invariant bilinear forms $\Omega_{ab}$

Firstly, my apology to MO experts that I am in a more science/physics background (a PhD). So please feel free refine/modify/comment my language if I have different math accents than yours. From ...

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339 views

### Complete classification of six dimensional non-semi simple Lie algebra

I would aim to know the complete classification of 6 dimensional non-semi simple Lie algebra (here the dimension stands for the generators; or the dimension $\leq 6$).
In this paper, in page 7, it ...

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**1**answer

142 views

### Highest weights of irreducible components of tensor product of irreducible sl(3)-module [closed]

I am study the representation theory of $sl(3)$ and I have a question about the tensor representation of irreducible $sl(3)$-modules as follows:
For each weight $\mu$, let $L(\mu)$ be the irreducible ...

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**3**answers

587 views

### Reg the motivation behind Lusztig-Vogan bijection

Let $G$ be an algebraic group. Choose a Borel subgroup $B$ and
a maximal Torus $T \subset B$. Let $\Lambda$ be the set of weights wrt $T$ and let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the lie algebra of $G$.
Now, ...

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**1**answer

271 views

### Maximal Submodule of a Verma Module

Let $\mathfrak{h}$ be a Cartan subalgebra of a $\mathbb{C}$-semi simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. Given $\lambda \in \mathfrak{h}^*$, $M(\lambda)$ the Verma module of highest weight $\lambda$ and ...

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268 views

### Realizing a subgroup of a Lie group as a stabilizer subgroup

Let $G$ a compact semisimple Lie group, $H$ a subgroup of $G$. Is it always possible to find an irreducible representation $R$ of $G$ such that the stabilizer of an $x\in R$ is "locally isomorphic" to ...

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110 views

### Are Generalized Verma modules natural w.r.t isometries?

Let $H$ be a subgroup of $G$ with Lie algebras $\mathfrak{h}$ and $\mathfrak{g}$ respectively. If I have 2 representations $V, W$ of $\mathfrak{h}$ equipped with a $\mathfrak{h}$ invariant inner ...

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**1**answer

159 views

### Branching rule for classical Lie algebras in positive characteristic

The restriction of an irreducible $\mathfrak{sl}_n(\mathbb{C})$-module to $\mathfrak{sl}_{n-1}(\mathbb{C})$ is described by a branching rule which says that if $L(\lambda)$ is the simple ...

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**1**answer

166 views

### irreducible Classical Lie algebras [closed]

which submodule of FG-module of a lie algebra $L$ will be determined I want to check that how we can find out a classical lie algebra like $D_4$ and $E_6$ are irreducible?

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175 views

### Moving Between Weight Spaces in Highest-Weight Representations

Let $G$ be a connected, simply-connected complex semisimple linear algebraic group with Lie algebra $\frak{g}$. Fix a maximal torus $T\subseteq G$ and let $\Delta\subseteq Hom(T,\mathbb{C}^*)$ be the ...

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154 views

### The fundamental in the tensor square of a complex representation of $SO(N)$

I would like to figure out whether there is an irreducible complex (in the sense non-self-conjugate) representation of a group $SO(N)$, $N>2$, whose tensor square contains the fundamental ...

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**1**answer

425 views

### Para-Complexification of Lie Groups

Let $G$ be a real Lie group. Then the complexification $G_\mathbb{C}$ of $G$ is the unique complex Lie group equipped with a map $φ:G\to G_\mathbb{C}$ such that any map $G\to H$ where $H$ is a
...

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**1**answer

826 views

### Is this error in this paper of Langlands fixable?

The FQS criterion for the Virasoro algebra was discovered by Friedan, Qiu and Shenker (1), but the mathematicians found their proof insufficient, so that, FQS (2) and Langlands (3), published in the ...

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**3**answers

453 views

### What is the categorical significance of the trivial $\mathfrak{g}$-module in the category of $\mathfrak{g}$-mod?

This question may be trivial for experts.
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a Lie algebra over a field $k$ and consider the category $\mathfrak{g}$-mod of $\mathfrak{g}$ modules. We can add suitable conditions, ...

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**1**answer

247 views

### Could we define the semi-direct product of two universal enveloping algebras?

If we have two Lie algebras $\mathfrak{g}$ and $\mathfrak{h}$ over a field $k$, and if we have a Lie algebra homomorphism $\mathfrak{g}\rightarrow \text{Der}_k(\mathfrak{h})$, then we can define the ...

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260 views

### Truncated induction for exceptional cases

In Carter's book (Finite groups of Lie type), he reviews the truncated induction procedure (called j-operation in the text) of Macdonald-Lusztig-Spaltenstein in great detail for the classical Weyl ...

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**1**answer

294 views

### Does $\text{Mat}_n(k)$ have some universal properties similar to its universal enveloping algebra?

Let $k$ be a field and $\text{Mat}_n(k)$ be $n \times n$ matrices over $k$. Let's consider $\text{Mat}_n(k)$ as an associative algebra and denote $gl_n(k)$ be the same $k$-linear space as ...

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**1**answer

551 views

### Kirillov-Kostant-Souriau Theorem on $\mathfrak{g}\oplus \mathfrak{g^*} $

My question is about the extention of kirillov's symplectic structure on coadjoint orbits. The most remarkable feature
of the coadjoint representation is the fact that all coadjoint orbits possess a
...

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**2**answers

333 views

### Representation theory, classical Lie algebra, D_{n}

I want to know the fundamental representation of classical Lie algebra of type $D_{n}$ over complex numbers with the following informations. For example, $L(\omega_i)$ be a fundamental rep of ...