# Tagged Questions

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### Non-semisimple Lie algebra tensors

Let $\mathfrak{L}$ be a non-semisimple Lie algebra. Let $T_i$ be its generators. As usual, define the structure constants $C_{ij}^k$ by $[T_i,T_j]=C_{ij}^kT_k$ and the metric tensor $g_{jm}$ by ...

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167 views

### Quadratic Casimir of fundamental irreps of simply-laced Lie algebras

I have the following question, motivated by the expression for the character of level 1 highest weight integrable representations of simply-laced affine algebras (in terms of the string function). It ...

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107 views

### Generators for invariant tensors of lie algebras

EDITED FOR (hopeful) CLARITY:
For a simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ (over $\mathbb{C}$) and its adjoint group G, the $G$-invariant polynomials on $\mathfrak{g}$ are linear combinations of products ...

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votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Lie group GL(4) representation decomposition

Let $V$ be the defining representation of $GL(4,\mathbb C)\to GL(V)$ with $V=\mathbb{C}^4$.
Let $Ext\;V$ be the exterior square of $V$ which is a 6-dim repsentation.
My question: How does $$V\otimes ...

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**1**answer

169 views

### R-linear representations of sl(2,C)

Is there some good reference for the classification of finite-dimensional ${\mathbb R}$-linear (as opposed to ${\mathbb C}$-linear) representations of $\mathfrak{sl}_2{\mathbb C}$?
Equivalently, what ...

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**1**answer

140 views

### “Quantum Littlewood-Richardson” Rule?

Let $\frak{g}$ be a complex semi-simple Lie algebra, and $\lambda,\mu \in P^+$ two positive dominant weights with corresponding irreducible representations $V(\lambda)$ and $V(\mu)$. The tensor ...

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79 views

### Decomposition of a representation of SU(N) into representations of SU(N-1)

Let $\omega_k$ be the highest weight of the $k$-th antisymmetric representation of $\mathfrak{su}(N)$. Consider an irreducible representation of $\mathfrak{su}(N)$, characterized by its highest ...

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43 views

### A canonical map Aut$_{\mathsf{Lie}_R}(\mathfrak{n} \rtimes_\pi \mathfrak{g}) \to$ Aut$_{\mathsf{Lie}_R}(\mathfrak{n})$

Let $\mathfrak{n}$, $\mathfrak{g} \in \mathsf{Lie}_R$ be two Lie algebras over a commutative ring $R$, s.t. $\mathfrak{g}$ acts on $\mathfrak{n}$ as a derivation: $\pi:\mathfrak{g} \to ...

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94 views

### (Graded) Lie algebras with “nice” irreps

"(The only Lie algebras for which) all finite-dimensional representations are completely reducible (are the semisimple Lie algebras)" (Chapman, here on MO). Evidently this can't no longer hold when ...

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99 views

### On Eigenvalues of the symmetric linear transformation related to a lie algebra's representation?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a quadratic (finite dimensional) lie algebra and $\rho:\mathfrak{g}\rightarrow \mathfrak{gl}(W)$ be an anti-symmetric representation of $\mathfrak{g}$ on a finite dimensional ...

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141 views

### Replacing the Lie commutator with something else [closed]

Take a vector space $V={A,B,C,...}$ (of matrices), and the commutator $[A,B]=AB-BA$, then a Lie algebra of $V$ is characterized by $[V,V]$ staying in $V$. (Loosely speaking.)
What happens ...

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196 views

### labeling state vectors in representation space of a simple lie algebra

Given a simple lie algebra (over ${\mathbb C}$ or ${\mathbb R}$). What is the number
of operators such that their eigenvalues sufficiently label all state vectors in the algebra's representation ...

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40 views

### Analytic vectors of elliptic elements of the enveloping algebra in a strongly continuous representation of a Lie group

Let $G$ be a semi-simple real Lie group, and $\rho$ a strongly continuous unitary representation of $G$ in a Hilbert space $H$. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra and $d\rho$ be the infinitesimal ...

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200 views

### Heisenberg subalgebras of affine Lie algebras

It seems to be "well-known" that (infinite-dimensional) Heisenberg subalgebras of an affine Lie algebra $\hat{\mathfrak{g}}$ corresponding to a finite-dimensional simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ of ...

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53 views

### “Unicolor” irreps (R is in RxR)

If $R$ occurs in the Clebsch-Gordan series $R\bigotimes{R}$, I call an irrep $R$ of a Lie algebra "unicolor" - for the obvious reason that you can color any cubic graph with $R$ only and get (at least ...

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226 views

### Generalizations of Lie algebras

I often stumble over the term "Lie superalgebra" (= "Lie algebra with a $\mathbb{Z}_2$ grading"). Obvious question: What about $\mathbb{Z}_3$ grading (and so on)? Is a Lie algebra with $\mathbb{Z}_n$ ...

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133 views

### adjoint action of a Levi subalgebra

We work over an algebraically closed field of characteristic 0.
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a reductive Lie algebra and let $\mathfrak{p}\supset\mathfrak{m}$ be a parabolic subalgebra, respectively a Levi ...

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319 views

### Origin of symbols used for half-sum of positive roots in Lie theory?

The Weyl character formula is a central result in the finite dimensional representation theory of semisimple Lie groups, algebraic groups, Lie algebras. Related questions on MO include these here ...

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131 views

### A question on the resolution of parabolic Verma module $M_I(\lambda)$ in BGG category O

I am reading Humphrey's book "Representations of semisimple Lie algebras in the BGG Category O" on Page 189, Proposition 9.6, where he remarked that "Note that if we had developed the full BGG ...

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216 views

### The existence of a finite dimensional Lie algebra with a given symmetric invariant metric

The question is motivated by a more broad perspective in another MO post and here, but here we would like to understand a specific case (our question potentially connects to / is motivated b Quantum ...

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**1**answer

218 views

### Finite dimensional Lie algebra with non-degenerate invariant bilinear forms $\Omega_{ab}$

Firstly, my apology to MO experts that I am in a more science/physics background (a PhD). So please feel free refine/modify/comment my language if I have different math accents than yours. From ...

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325 views

### Complete classification of six dimensional non-semi simple Lie algebra

I would aim to know the complete classification of 6 dimensional non-semi simple Lie algebra (here the dimension stands for the generators; or the dimension $\leq 6$).
In this paper, in page 7, it ...

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138 views

### Highest weights of irreducible components of tensor product of irreducible sl(3)-module [closed]

I am study the representation theory of $sl(3)$ and I have a question about the tensor representation of irreducible $sl(3)$-modules as follows:
For each weight $\mu$, let $L(\mu)$ be the irreducible ...

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555 views

### Reg the motivation behind Lusztig-Vogan bijection

Let $G$ be an algebraic group. Choose a Borel subgroup $B$ and
a maximal Torus $T \subset B$. Let $\Lambda$ be the set of weights wrt $T$ and let $\mathfrak{g}$ be the lie algebra of $G$.
Now, ...

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257 views

### Maximal Submodule of a Verma Module

Let $\mathfrak{h}$ be a Cartan subalgebra of a $\mathbb{C}$-semi simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. Given $\lambda \in \mathfrak{h}^*$, $M(\lambda)$ the Verma module of highest weight $\lambda$ and ...

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245 views

### Realizing a subgroup of a Lie group as a stabilizer subgroup

Let $G$ a compact semisimple Lie group, $H$ a subgroup of $G$. Is it always possible to find an irreducible representation $R$ of $G$ such that the stabilizer of an $x\in R$ is "locally isomorphic" to ...

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108 views

### Are Generalized Verma modules natural w.r.t isometries?

Let $H$ be a subgroup of $G$ with Lie algebras $\mathfrak{h}$ and $\mathfrak{g}$ respectively. If I have 2 representations $V, W$ of $\mathfrak{h}$ equipped with a $\mathfrak{h}$ invariant inner ...

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136 views

### Branching rule for classical Lie algebras in positive characteristic

The restriction of an irreducible $\mathfrak{sl}_n(\mathbb{C})$-module to $\mathfrak{sl}_{n-1}(\mathbb{C})$ is described by a branching rule which says that if $L(\lambda)$ is the simple ...

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165 views

### irreducible Classical Lie algebras [closed]

which submodule of FG-module of a lie algebra $L$ will be determined I want to check that how we can find out a classical lie algebra like $D_4$ and $E_6$ are irreducible?

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172 views

### Moving Between Weight Spaces in Highest-Weight Representations

Let $G$ be a connected, simply-connected complex semisimple linear algebraic group with Lie algebra $\frak{g}$. Fix a maximal torus $T\subseteq G$ and let $\Delta\subseteq Hom(T,\mathbb{C}^*)$ be the ...

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149 views

### The fundamental in the tensor square of a complex representation of $SO(N)$

I would like to figure out whether there is an irreducible complex (in the sense non-self-conjugate) representation of a group $SO(N)$, $N>2$, whose tensor square contains the fundamental ...

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421 views

### Para-Complexification of Lie Groups

Let $G$ be a real Lie group. Then the complexification $G_\mathbb{C}$ of $G$ is the unique complex Lie group equipped with a map $φ:G\to G_\mathbb{C}$ such that any map $G\to H$ where $H$ is a
...

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819 views

### Is this error in this paper of Langlands fixable?

The FQS criterion for the Virasoro algebra was discovered by Friedan, Qiu and Shenker (1), but the mathematicians found their proof insufficient, so that, FQS (2) and Langlands (3), published in the ...

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445 views

### What is the categorical significance of the trivial $\mathfrak{g}$-module in the category of $\mathfrak{g}$-mod?

This question may be trivial for experts.
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a Lie algebra over a field $k$ and consider the category $\mathfrak{g}$-mod of $\mathfrak{g}$ modules. We can add suitable conditions, ...

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217 views

### Could we define the semi-direct product of two universal enveloping algebras?

If we have two Lie algebras $\mathfrak{g}$ and $\mathfrak{h}$ over a field $k$, and if we have a Lie algebra homomorphism $\mathfrak{g}\rightarrow \text{Der}_k(\mathfrak{h})$, then we can define the ...

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250 views

### Truncated induction for exceptional cases

In Carter's book (Finite groups of Lie type), he reviews the truncated induction procedure (called j-operation in the text) of Macdonald-Lusztig-Spaltenstein in great detail for the classical Weyl ...

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290 views

### Does $\text{Mat}_n(k)$ have some universal properties similar to its universal enveloping algebra?

Let $k$ be a field and $\text{Mat}_n(k)$ be $n \times n$ matrices over $k$. Let's consider $\text{Mat}_n(k)$ as an associative algebra and denote $gl_n(k)$ be the same $k$-linear space as ...

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499 views

### Kirillov-Kostant-Souriau Theorem on $\mathfrak{g}\oplus \mathfrak{g^*} $

My question is about the extention of kirillov's symplectic structure on coadjoint orbits. The most remarkable feature
of the coadjoint representation is the fact that all coadjoint orbits possess a
...

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322 views

### Representation theory, classical Lie algebra, D_{n}

I want to know the fundamental representation of classical Lie algebra of type $D_{n}$ over complex numbers with the following informations. For example, $L(\omega_i)$ be a fundamental rep of ...

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407 views

### calculating Littlewood-Richardson coefficients

It is known that if $\alpha,\beta,\gamma$ are three partitions then the Littlewood-Richardson coefficient $c_{\alpha \beta}^{\gamma}$ is positive when the triple ($\alpha,\beta,\gamma$
) occurs as ...

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168 views

### when $g^*$ is invariant under $Ad(G)$?

Let $G$ be a Lie Group and $\mathfrak{g}$ be its lie algebra.
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ is semisimple or reductive lie algebra, then prove that $\mathfrak{g}^*$ (dual of $\mathfrak{g}$)is invariant under ...

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286 views

### Kac Moody algebra defintion

Why is the dimension of the cartan subalgebra $2n-\text{rank}(A)$ in the defintion from Kumar's book. From a few examples I can see why the defintion is the way it is, but, I would like a better ...

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82 views

### The condition of maximality in branching rules of $SO$ group representations

Let the highest weight of a $SO(2n+1)$ representation be given as $(m_1,m_2,...,m_n)$ ($m_1\geq m_2 \geq .. \geq m_n \geq 0$) and the highest weight of a $SO(2n)$ representation be $(s_1,s_2,...,s_n)$ ...

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302 views

### About using the character formula for $SO(2n)$.

I have known of the following equation for characters of a $SO(2n)$ representation with highest weights $(h_1,...,h_n)$ and for $(t_1,t_2,..,t_n,t_1^{-1},t_2^{-1},..,t_n^{-1})$ being the eigenvalues ...

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**1**answer

194 views

### explicit realization of irreducible representations of simple lie algebras

I know explicit realization of irreducible representations of simple lie algebra $sl_n$ when the highest weight of that representation is a fundamental weight.Is there any explicit realization of any ...

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276 views

### Does the 'string property' finish Joseph's proof of Demazure character formula?

The too long, didn't read form of the question would simply be, has someone completed A. Joseph's proof of the Demazure character formula? Is Joseph's proof considered complete?
In more detail, ...

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247 views

### Irreducible quotient of $U\otimes V$

All modules here are finite dimensional. The field is over complex number. Let $U$ be an irreducible $\mathfrak{sl}_n$-module, and $V$ is a highest weight $\mathfrak{sl}_n$-module. Suppose $U\otimes ...

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161 views

### Decomposing tensor products of modules for the orthogonal/symplectic groups in characteristic zero

I would like to know if there is a perfect analogue of the classical Littlewood-Richardson rule for decomposing tensor products of simple modules for the orthogonal/symplectic groups in characteristic ...

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98 views

### Maurer-Cartan elements of the extension of an $L_{\infty}$-algebra

Let $g$ be a nilpotent $L_{\infty}$-algebra. For every commutative differential graded algebra $A$, one can form the extension $g\otimes A$ and endow it with a nilpotent $L_{\infty}$-algebra ...

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235 views

### Restriction of highest-weight representations to Heisenberg subalgebras

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite-dimensional complex simple Lie algebra and $\tilde{\mathfrak{g}}=\mathfrak{g}((t))\oplus \mathbf{C}K\oplus \mathbf{C}d$ its Kac-Moody extension ($K$ is the level and $d$ ...