3
votes
0answers
228 views

Independent units in pure number fields $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt[p]{t})$

Theorem: In this paper of Frei and Levesque, they correct the proof of a result of Halter-Koch and Stender: Define the real pure algebraic number field $\mathbb{K}=\mathbb{Q}(\omega_n)$ for ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

An algebraic number is not a root of unity?

This problem is related to my study of the Burau representation of the braid group $B_3$: I was trying to show that certain "congruence subgroups" are of infinite index. There is an approach that ...
5
votes
1answer
299 views

Minimal polynomial of sums of roots of unity with constant term $\pm1$

Let prime $p$ and given $\zeta_p = e^{2\pi i/p}$. It is well-known that the minimal polynomial of $x = \zeta_p + \zeta_p^{p-1}$ has a constant term either $\pm 1$ and, for certain $p$, the sum of ...
22
votes
3answers
2k views

Products of primitive roots of the unity

Let $m>2$ be an integer and $k=\varphi(m)$ be the number of $m$-th primitive roots of the unity. Let $\Phi = \{ \xi_1, \ldots, \xi_{k/2}\} $ be a set of $k/2$ pairwise distinct primitive $m$-th ...
3
votes
3answers
754 views

Can the sum of two roots of unity be a root of unity?

Let $p$ be prime, and $z_0, z_1, ..., z_{p-1}$ be all the $p$-th roots of unity, i.e. solutions of the equation $z^p = 1.$ Is it true or false that a combination of two (or more, in general) of the ...
6
votes
1answer
851 views

Sum of products of p-th powers of roots of 1 and monomial symmetric functions

Hello mathematicians, i'm looking for explicit computations of expressions like $$ \sum_{\substack{0\leq i,j,k<n\\i\neq j\neq k \neq i}}\zeta_n^{ip^{k_1}+jp^{k_2}+kp^{k_3}} $$ and its ...
51
votes
4answers
6k views

How small can a sum of a few roots of unity be?

Let $n$ be a large natural number, and let $z_1, \ldots, z_{10}$ be (say) ten $n^{th}$ roots of unity: $z_1^n = \ldots = z_{10}^n = 1$. Suppose that the sum $S = z_1+\ldots+z_{10}$ is non-zero. How ...
0
votes
0answers
249 views

Looking for product of symmetric polynomials evaluated at roots of unity

Consider $a_{1} = \alpha^{N-n}, a_{2} = \alpha^{N-n+1}, a_{3} = \alpha^{N-n+2}, a_{4} = \alpha^{N-n+3}, \cdots, a_{n} = \alpha^{N-1}$ where $\alpha$ is a complex $N$th root of unity where $N = 2 + ...