The root-systems tag has no wiki summary.

**3**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Highest (short) roots and commutation relations in (twisted) DAHA

I am trying to understand, explicitly, the commutation relation between $X_\vartheta$ and $Y_\vartheta = T_0T_{s_\vartheta}$ in the (twisted) DAHA for a root system $R$, where $\vartheta$ is the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

230 views

### Convention about “long” roots for simple Lie algebras of types ADE?

The classification of simple Lie algebras (over $\mathbb{C}$ or other sufficiently large field of characteristic 0) correlates these Lie algebras with the irreducible reduced root systems (in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Double quotients of Coxeter groups have the chain property?

Let $(W,S)$ be a Coxeter group with Bruhat order $\leq$ and length function $\ell(w)$.
Definition: a subset $X \subset W$ has the chain property if whenever $x,y \in X$ with $x < y$, there ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

229 views

### Calculation with weights of $E_6$

Question: Consider the complex simple Lie group $E_6$. Let $\lambda_1$ and $\lambda_6$ be the fundamental weights defining the $27$-dimensional representation $V$ and $V^*$, resp. Consider the complex ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

145 views

### Which linear combinations of simple roots are roots

Let $\Delta$ be the root system of a complex simple Lie algebra, $\Delta^+$ be positive roots and $\Pi$ be simple roots. We view $\Pi$ as nodes of the Dynkin diagram.
Then for any two simple roots ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### A property of compact involutions of semi-simple Lie algebras?

I need to prove the statement below. Since my background on Lie theory is rather weak, I post it here.
Let $\frak{g}$ be a complex semi-simple Lie algebra. Fix a Cartan subalgebra $\frak{h}$ with ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

23 views

### What's a toric mirror for a determinated action?

I wonder what are the toric mirrors for the action of a Weyl group of a root system (let's say of type $E_7$) acting on the complex torus $\mathbb{T}=\mathrm{Hom}(Q,\mathbb{C}^*)$ with $Q$ the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

200 views

### quantization for integral coadjoint orbits

I am looking for a referrence for proof of following statement.
Let $G$ be a semi-simple Lie group and $\mathfrak{g}$ be its Lie algebra and $\alpha_k$ be simple roots of $\mathfrak{g}$ and $\mu_0$ ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

196 views

### Even unimodular lattices with root system $32 A_1$

I'm studying Venkov's proof of the classification of even unimodular rank 24 lattices, and it prompted the following question.
For an even unimodular lattice $L$, let $R(L)= \{ x \in L : (x,x) =2\}$ ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

232 views

### The existence of a finite dimensional Lie algebra with a given symmetric invariant metric

The question is motivated by a more broad perspective in another MO post and here, but here we would like to understand a specific case (our question potentially connects to / is motivated b Quantum ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

272 views

### Finite dimensional Lie algebra with non-degenerate invariant bilinear forms $\Omega_{ab}$

Firstly, my apology to MO experts that I am in a more science/physics background (a PhD). So please feel free refine/modify/comment my language if I have different math accents than yours. From ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

362 views

### Complete classification of six dimensional non-semi simple Lie algebra

I would aim to know the complete classification of 6 dimensional non-semi simple Lie algebra (here the dimension stands for the generators; or the dimension $\leq 6$).
In this paper, in page 7, it ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

208 views

### How to find faces of polytope defined by a Weyl orbit

A few days ago I asked the following question at MSE and received no answer. I thought I would try here.
Let $\xi$ be an integral dominant weight of an irreducible root system $\Delta$, and let ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

166 views

### Which subgroups of a finite reflection group have distingushed coset representatives?

Let $W$ be a finite reflection group with length function $l$ and let $I$ be a set of simple reflections that generate $W$. Let $\phi$ be an automorphism of $W$ permuting $I$. Consider the orbits of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Quantum Cartan matrices and Coxeter elements

Let $\Gamma$ be a bipartite graph, with the vertices partitioned into disjoint sets $\Pi_1$ and $\Pi_2$. Let $W$ be the associated Weyl group, with Coxeter generators $\{s_i\}_{i\in \Gamma}$. Let ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

261 views

### Root system automorphisms as inner automorphisms of extended Chevalley group

For each automorphism $\sigma$ of a root system $\Phi$ there is a unique automorphism of the Chevalley group $G(\Phi,R)$ such that $\sigma(x_\alpha(t))=x_{\sigma\alpha}(t')$. While conjugating by ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

77 views

### Weyl group invariants of the representation ring of a split torus

Let $G$ be a semisimple split algebraic group, $T$ its split maximal torus and $W$ corresponding Weyl group. Let $T^*$ denote the character lattice of $T$ and $\Lambda$ denote the weight lattice, so ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

143 views

### A subgroup of the Weyl group

Let $D$ be a connected Dynkin diagram with an automorphism $\nu$ of order 2.
Let $Q=Q(D)$ denote the root lattice of $D$.
Let $W=W(D)$ denote the Weyl group, it acts effectively on $Q$ and it is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

158 views

### One-parameter subgroups of symplectic group associated to roots

I'm having trouble sorting out some basic definitions concerning Chevalley groups. The groups I'm interested in are the simply connected groups of type $C_n$, so the groups $\text{Sp}_{2n}$. The ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

325 views

### Extension of the Weyl dimension formula

Let $G$ be a compact semisimple group and let $\Gamma$ be a finite subgroup of $G$. I am interested, for $(\pi,V)\in \widehat G$ (irred rep of $G$), in a formula for $\mathrm{dim} V^\Gamma$, the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

136 views

### Non-crystallographic cluster algebras

Background
Fomin and Zelevinsky have introduced cluster algebras in an influential article. To define a cluster algebra, Fomin and Zelevinsky have defined a mutation of seeds. Here, a seed ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### Name for a class of parabolic subgroups

This is a reference request for a (the) name of the following class of parabolic subgroups of a complex simple Lie group $G$:
Recall that parabolic subgroups of $G$, containing fixed Borel subgroup, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

129 views

### simple roots of a reflection subgroup

Consider a Hermitian symmetric pair of complex Lie algebras $(\mathfrak{g},\mathfrak{k})$ and split the set of roots into compact roots (i.e. roots of $\mathfrak{k}$) and noncomapt roots $\Delta = ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

90 views

### Compute roots of sum_i c_i/(a_i + b_i x)^p

How to compute the (real) roots of
$$\sum_{i=1}^n \frac{c_i}{(a_i + b_i \cdot x)^p}$$
for given reals $a_i, b_i, c_i$, and positive integers $n, p$? The cases $p=1, ..., 5$ and $n=6, ..., 20$ would ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

265 views

### lines through A_n reflection arrangement and permutations

(updated; apologies for way too much room left for interpretation in the original post)
Let $\mathcal{A} =A_{n-1}$ be the $A_{n-1}$ arrangement in $\mathbb{R}^{n}$, i.e. the set of hyperplanes ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

158 views

### Involution of $E_{8}$ lattice

Let $L$ be a lattice associate to the Dykin matrix of type $E_{8}$. I would like to understand involutions of $L$ and their invariant $L^{+}$ and coinvariant lattice $L^-$ (I think they are ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

669 views

### A possible mistake in Kac's “Infinite Dimensional Lie Algebras”

I have a paperback 3rd edition and on page 65 you can find Proposition 5.8. My question is about part (c):
If $A$ is of indefinite type, then
$$ \overline{X} = \{ h \in \{ \frak h_{\mathbb{R}} ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

730 views

### Kostant partition function: asymptotics and specifics

Let $\Phi$ denote a root system and let $\mathfrak P$ denote the associated Kostant partition function. Thus $\mathfrak P(\lambda)$ is the number of ways of writing $\lambda$ as a sum of elements of ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

118 views

### Non-Uniform Root of Polynomial in Open Cube

I'm looking to find a root $(x_1,\dots,x_n)$ of a polynomial $p \in {\mathbb R}[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ such that $0 \leq x_i < 1$ for all $i$. Further, I know in advance that setting $x_1 = \cdots = x_n$ ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

104 views

### Reference request: a verification of a nonstandard subgroup being a Tits subgroup.

I have a particular infinite-index subgroup $H$ of the genus 2 symplectic group $Sp(2, \mathbb{R})$. This subgroup is self-normalizing (ie. $gHg^{-1}=H$ only if $g\in H$). I am looking to determine ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

168 views

### Conjugation of faces in root systems / of parabolic subgroups having same Levi in split reductive groups

If $(V,\Phi)$ is a root system of rank $n$, one knows that its Weyl group $W$ acts simply and transitively on Weyl chambers. But in general, if $d\lt n$, the action of $W$ on faces of dimension $d$ is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

281 views

### analogues of power sum polynomials for symmetric Laurent polynomials

To deal with root systems of type B C D, one needs to understand symmetric Laurent polynomials $\Lambda$. I am wondering if the naive definition of power sum symmetric Laurent polynomials form a basis ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

277 views

### schur weyl duality for real orthogonal groups and relation to hyperoctahedral groups

I am wondering whether the Lie groups $SO(n)$ and the hyperoctahedral groups $H_n$ form some sort of duality. I am mainly interested in how to parametrize the conjugacy classes of $H_n$ in terms of ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

396 views

### Can one easily pick out a basis of a simple Lie algebra after picking a convex order?

One of the basic results of Lie theory is that if one picks a Cartan subalgebra of a simple Lie algebra, there there is a canonical decomposition of $\mathfrak{g}$ into the Cartan and a bunch of ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

594 views

### Does -I belong to Weyl group?

Let $\Phi$ be an irreducible root system, with positive roots $\Phi^+$ relative to the base $\Delta$.
If $W$ is the Weyl group, how can I determine if $-I$ belongs to $W$? Equivalently how can I see ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

583 views

### Possible Borel subgroups of GL_n?

I am trying to understand the interaction between Borel subgroups of $GL_n$ and its roots. Is it correct to say that for any choice of roots among each pair of reciprocal roots
there is a Borel ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

327 views

### Applications of Chevalley groups theory for dummies

As an algebraist i frequently receive questions from my friends-mathematicians and non-mathematicians about applications of my topic "in real life". I study algebraic groups in the stream of ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

345 views

### subgroups with the same number of roots that the group.

When thinking in terms of Dynkin diagrams, I am naively used to see that the diagram for a subgroup can be extracted from the diagram of the group by removing some roots. Now, I noticed that for ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Longest element of a Weyl group

Let $G$ an algebraic (reductive) group. $T$ a maximal torus, $B$ a Borel subgroup containing $T$, and $w_0$ the longest element of the Weyl group.
I'm looking for a reference explaining why when you ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

490 views

### Cartan Matrices of type B and C.

I was using the built-in functions for Root Systems in SAGE, and I noticed that the Cartan Matrices for Type $B_n$ and type $C_n$ are interchanged from what I thought they would be, i.e. following the ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

409 views

### Motivation behind Kac's notation for affine root systems

I'm reading Kac's Infinite Dimensional Lie Algebras. In Chapter 4, he classifies the affine root systems. Bourbaki classified the affine Coxeter groups, but multiple root systems can give the same ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

562 views

### dual Coxeter number, affine algebra, invariants under twisting

Sometime ago we came across invariant quantities under twisting of all affine algebra. (See the appendix E of http://arxiv.org/abs/hep-th/0403076 .) Choose the convention so that the longest root has ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Number of triples of roots (of a simply-laced root system) which sum to zero

In a paper 1105.5073, the authors took a simply-laced root system $\Delta$ of type $G=A,D,E$, and then counted the number of unordered triples $(\alpha,\beta,\gamma)$ of roots which sum to zero: ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Numerical solution for a system of multivariate polynomial equations

Hi all,
I have a system of 6th-order polynomial equations in 4 variables $q_1, q_2, q_3, q_4$ (i.e. polynomials with all the terms such as $q_1^6, q_2^6, q_2^4 q_3^2$):
$P_k(q_1, q_2, q_3, q_4) = 0$ ...

**3**

votes

**4**answers

876 views

### Systems of polynomial equations

Hi all,
I'm an engineer assigned to determine some parameters of a manipulator (ie., calibration). It has a number of parameters, but after some manipulations of its dynamic equations, I can have the ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Modular Forms and Root Systems

In the study of semisimple Lie groups, lattices appear all over the place. In the theory of elliptic functions and modular forms, (equivalence classes of) lattices correspond to elliptic curves and to ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

788 views

### Complex root systems

This question is twofold.
1) What is the best reference on root systems?
2) Do complex root systems exist?

**9**

votes

**4**answers

881 views

### Root systems and sums of squares

It is easy to see that the quadratic form for the root system $A_n$ is a sum of $n+1$ squares of integral linear forms:
$$q_{A_n} = 2 \sum_{i=1}^n x_i^2 - 2 \sum_{i=1}^{n-1} x_i x_{i+1} =
x_1^2 + ...